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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810956/the-reasons-for-living-scale-military-version-assessing-protective-factors-against-suicide-in-a-military-sample
#1
Anne-Marie Deutsch, R Gregory Lande
INTRODUCTION: Military suicide rates have been rising over the past decade and continue to challenge military treatment facilities. Assessing suicide risk and improving treatments are a large part of the mission for clinicians who work with uniformed service members. This study attempts to expand the toolkit of military suicide prevention by focusing on protective factors over risk factors. In 1983, Marsha Linehan published a checklist called the Reasons for Living Scale, which asked subjects to check the reasons they choose to continue living, rather than choosing suicide...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810417/outdoor-group-activity-depression-and-subjective-well-being-among-retirees-of-china-the-mediating-role-of-meaning-in-life
#2
Zhen Zhang
This study examined the effect of outdoor group activity on mental health and the potential mediating effect of meaning in life. Participants were 559 retired people. A self-developed questionnaire measured outdoor group activity; the Meaning in Life Scale, the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale, and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression assessed meaning in life, subjective well-being, and depression, respectively. Results indicated outdoor group activity significantly predicted subjective well-being and depression; meaning in life fully mediated the relationship between outdoor group activity and subjective well-being and partially mediated the relationship between outdoor group activity and depression...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806143/whose-preferences-matter-a-patient-centered-approach-for-eliciting-treatment-goals
#3
Nananda F Col, Andrew J Solomon, Vicky Springmann, Calvin P Garbin, Carolina Ionete, Lori Pbert, Enrique Alvarez, Brenda Tierman, Ashli Hopson, Christen Kutz, Idanis Berrios Morales, Carolyn Griffin, Glenn Phillips, Long H Ngo
BACKGROUND: Patients facing a high-stakes clinical decision are often confronted with an overwhelming array of options. High-quality decisions about treatment should reflect patients' preferences as well as their clinical characteristics. Preference-assessment instruments typically focus on pre-selected clinical outcomes and attributes chosen by the investigator. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a patient-centered approach to elicit and compare the treatment goals of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthcare providers (HCPs)...
August 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781213/quality-of-life-and-sexual-function-benefits-of-long-term-testosterone-treatment-longitudinal-results-from-the-registry-of-hypogonadism-in-men-rhyme
#4
Raymond C Rosen, Frederick Wu, Hermann M Behre, Hartmut Porst, Eric J H Meuleman, Mario Maggi, Javier Romero-Otero, Juan I Martinez-Salamanca, Thomas Hugh Jones, Frans M J Debruyne, Karl-Heinz Kurth, Geoff I Hackett, Richard Quinton, Peter Stroberg, Yacov Reisman, Edoardo S Pescatori, Antonio Morales, Lluis Bassas, Natalio Cruz, Glenn R Cunningham, Olivia A Wheaton
BACKGROUND: The benefits and risks of long-term testosterone administration have been a topic of much scientific and regulatory interest in recent years. AIM: To assess long-term quality of life (QOL) and sexual function benefits of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) prospectively in a diverse, multinational cohort of men with hypogonadism. METHODS: A multinational patient registry was used to assess long-term changes associated with TRT in middle-age and older men with hypogonadism...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766394/moral-distress-in-iranian-pediatric-nurses
#5
Elham Ghasemi, Reza Negarandeh, Leila Janani
BACKGROUND: Moral distress is a very common experience in the nursing profession, and it is one of the main reasons for job dissatisfaction, burnout, and quitting among nurses. For instance, morally difficult situations in taking care of child patients who are severely ill may lead to moral distress for nurses. However, most of the studies about moral distress have been conducted on nurses of special wards and adult medical centers with much focus on developed countries. Subsequently, little has been researched on this topic among nurses in other nations such as Iran, and most certainly, there has been hardly any such research involving Iranian pediatric nurses...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763072/-diagn%C3%A3-stico-tard%C3%A3-o-de-psoriasis-motivos-y-consecuencias
#6
José Carlos Quiroz-Vergara, Martha Alejandra Morales-Sánchez, Gonzalo Castillo-Rojas, Yolanda López-Vidal, María Luisa Peralta-Pedrero, Fermín Jurado-Santa Cruz, Samuel Ponce de León-Rosales
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disease that may be associated with articular manifestations, and the most common clinical presentation is the variety "in plaques". In Mexico, in the Centro Dermatológico Pascua, it is the eighth leading cause of consultation. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic process of patients in a reference center for diseases of the skin. METHODS: Performing an analytical cross-sectional study that included 100 patients where the diagnostic process was questioned, clinimetric scales were applied and evaluated anthropometric...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760785/food-insecurity-and-maternal-child-nutritional-status-in-mexico-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2012
#7
Teresa Shamah-Levy, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Carmen Morales-Ruan, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez-Humarán, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between household food insecurity (HFI) and risk of childhood stunting and to determine whether this association is modified by maternal-child overweight/obesity. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data come from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012 by its initials in Spanish), representative of rural and urban areas. PARTICIPANTS: Our study sample included 5087 mother-preschool child pairs and 7181 mother-schoolchild pairs...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759340/employers-perspective-on-childcare-services-for-hired-farm-workers
#8
Barbara C Lee, Marsha A Salzwedel, Po-Huang Chyou, Amy K Liebman
The goal of this project was to protect children while parents work in agriculture by improving off-farm services for children of migrant and seasonal farm workers. Large agricultural enterprises have policies forbidding children in the worksite. At the same time, their employees, who are trying to generate income, seek as many work hours as possible but often lack viable options for childcare services. As employers strive to increase their labor pool, and workers seek off-farm child care, there is mutual interest in improving access to child care services in agricultural regions dependent on large numbers of full-time and seasonal workers...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752915/prokaryotic-diversity-and-community-composition-in-the-salar-de-uyuni-a-large-scale-chaotropic-salt-flat
#9
Sergio S Rubin, Irma Marín, Manuel J Gómez, Eduardo A Morales, Ivar Zekker, Patxi San Martín, Nuria Rodríguez, Ricardo Amils
Salar de Uyuni (SdU), with a geological history that reflects 50,000 years of climate change, is the largest hypersaline salt flat on Earth and is estimated to be the biggest lithium reservoir in the world. Its salinity reaches saturation levels for NaCl, a kosmotropic salt, and high concentrations of MgCL2 and LiCl, both salts considered important chaotrophic stressors. In addition, extreme temperatures, anoxic conditions, high UV irradiance, high albedo, and extremely low concentrations of phosphorous, make SdU a unique natural extreme environment in which to contrast hypotheses about limiting factors of life diversification...
July 28, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752011/re-predictive-value-of-brain-arrest-neurological-outcome-scale-branos-on-mortality-and-morbidity-after-cardiac-arrest
#10
COMMENT
Cengiz Şahutoğlu, Mehmet Uyar, Kubilay Demirağ, Hasan Isayev, Ali Reşat Moral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749701/fish-scale-artifact-on-an-intraoral-imaging-receptor
#11
Allison Buchanan, Carla Morales, Stephen Looney, Sajitha Kalathingal
OBJECTIVES: To describe an artifact, termed the fish scale artifact, present on an intraoral imaging receptor. METHODS: Thirty brand new DIGORA Optime PSP plates (Soredex/Orion Corp., Helsinki, Finland) were imaged using the Dental Digital Quality Assurance (DDQA) radiographic phantom (Dental Imaging Consultants LLC, San Antonio, TX, USA). All PSP plates were scanned at the same spatial resolution (dpi) using the high resolution mode. Two evaluators assessed all 30 plates...
July 27, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748994/-intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-four-years%C3%A2-experience-in-a-chilean-public-hospital
#12
Álvaro Soto V, Gladys Morales I, Marcela Grandjean B, Débora Pollak W, Carolina Del Castillo C, Pía García F, Alexis Von Johnn A, Alfonso Riquelme G
BACKGROUND: Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) with alteplase (tissue plasminogen activator) is the standard pharmacological treatment in acute ischemic stroke (AIS), reducing disability in patients. AIM: To report the results a thrombolysis protocol during four years in a regional public hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 106 consecutive patients aged 68 ± 13 years (57% men) who were treated with IVT, from May 2012 until April 2016, was analyzed...
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737191/-stress-in-parents-of-hospitalized-newborns-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#13
Elisa Palma I, Fernanda Von Wussow K, Ignacia Morales B, Javier Cifuentes R, Sergio Ambiado T
The birth of a child that requires hospitalization in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) can be very stressful for parents. OBJECTIVE: To determine the stress level of parents of newborns (NB) hospitalized in a level III NICU in Santiago, and its association with clinical and sociodemographic variables. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Descriptive cross-sectional study. 373 admissions were evaluated. The sampling was non-probabilistic and included parents of RN admitted to the UPCN between 7 and 21 days of hospitalization...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734105/effects-of-median-nerve-neural-mobilization-in-treating-cervicobrachial-pain-a-randomized-waiting-list-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
David Rodríguez-Sanz, Daniel López-López, Francisco Unda-Solano, Carlos Romero-Morales, Irene Sanz-Corbalán, Hector Beltrán-Alacreu, César Calvo-Lobo
BACKGROUND: There is a current lack of sufficiently high-quality randomized controlled clinical trials that measure the effectiveness of neural tissue mobilization techniques such as median nerve neural mobilization (MNNM) and their specific effects on cervicobrachial pain (CP). This study aim was to compare the effectiveness of MNNM in subjects with CP versus a waiting list control group (WLCG). METHODS: A single-blinded, parallel, randomized controlled clinical trial was performed (NCT02596815)...
July 22, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732071/the-ideas-about-advanced-life-support-and-affecting-factors-at-the-end-stage-of-life-in-a-hospital-in-turkey
#15
Turgay Albayrak, İrfan Şencan, Ömer Akça, Esra Meltem Koç, Hilal Aksoy, Selim Ünsal, İskender Bülbül, Adem Bahadır, İsmail Kasım, Rabia Kahveci, Adem Özkara
BACKGROUND: The participation of the people in health decisions may be structured in various levels. One of these is participation in decisions for the treatment. "Advanced directives" is one of the examples for the participation in decisions for the treatment. AIM: We wanted to determine the decisions on advanced life support at the end-stage of life in case of a life-threatening illness for the people themselves and their first degree relatives and the factors effecting these decisions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732064/mechanisms-of-aggregation-in-an-ant-tended-treehopper-attraction-to-mutualists-is-balanced-by-conspecific-competition
#16
Manuel A Morales, Andrew G Zink
Understanding the spatial structure of populations and communities has been a dominant focus of ecological research, and spatial structure is increasingly seen as critical for understanding population dynamics. Habitat (or host) preference is a proximate mechanism that can generate aggregation or overdispersion, lending insight into the ultimate consequences of observed spatial distributions. Publilia concava is a univoltine phloem-feeding insect that forms mutualistic associations with ants, which consume honeydew and protect treehoppers from predation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727757/development-of-organic-fertilizers-from-food-market-waste-and-urban-gardening-by-composting-in-ecuador
#17
J Jara-Samaniego, M D Pérez-Murcia, M A Bustamante, C Paredes, A Pérez-Espinosa, I Gavilanes-Terán, M López, F C Marhuenda-Egea, H Brito, R Moral
Currently, the management of urban waste streams in developing countries is not optimized yet, and in many cases these wastes are disposed untreated in open dumps. This fact causes serious environmental and health problems due to the presence of contaminants and pathogens. Frequently, the use of specific low-cost strategies reduces the total amount of wastes. These strategies are mainly associated to the identification, separate collection and composting of specific organic waste streams, such as vegetable and fruit refuses from food markets and urban gardening activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725188/using-virtual-reality-to-assess-ethical-decisions-in-road-traffic-scenarios-applicability-of-value-of-life-based-models-and-influences-of-time-pressure
#18
Leon R Sütfeld, Richard Gast, Peter König, Gordon Pipa
Self-driving cars are posing a new challenge to our ethics. By using algorithms to make decisions in situations where harming humans is possible, probable, or even unavoidable, a self-driving car's ethical behavior comes pre-defined. Ad hoc decisions are made in milliseconds, but can be based on extensive research and debates. The same algorithms are also likely to be used in millions of cars at a time, increasing the impact of any inherent biases, and increasing the importance of getting it right. Previous research has shown that moral judgment and behavior are highly context-dependent, and comprehensive and nuanced models of the underlying cognitive processes are out of reach to date...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720011/facial-emotion-recognition-and-empathy-in-employees-at-a-juvenile-detention-center
#19
Luz Anyela Morales Quintero, Jairo Muñoz-Delgado, José Carlos Sánchez-Ferrer, Ana Fresán, Martin Brüne, Iván Arango de Montis
Numerous studies have shown that emotion recognition is impaired in individuals with a history of violent offenses, especially in those diagnosed with psychopathy. However, in criminological contexts, there is insufficient research regarding the role of empathy and facial emotion recognition abilities of personnel employed in correction centers. Accordingly, we sought to explore facial emotion recognition abilities and empathy in administrative officers and security guards at a center for institutionalized juvenile offenders...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718349/relationship-between-moral-distress-and-ethical-climate-with-job-satisfaction-in-nurses
#20
Sharareh Asgari, Vida Shafipour, Zohreh Taraghi, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati
BACKGROUND: Moral distress and ethical climate are important issues in the workplace that appear to affect people's quality of work life. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the relationship of moral distress and ethical climate to job satisfaction in critical care nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-correlation study was conducted on 142 critical care nurses, selected from five social security hospitals in north Iran through census sampling...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
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