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Moral scale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525492/degenerative-cervical-disc-disease-long-term-changes-in-sagittal-alignment-and-their-clinical-implications-after-cervical-interbody-fusion-cage-subsidence-a-prospective-study-with-standalone-lordotic-tantalum-cages
#1
Félix Tomé-Bermejo, Julián A Morales-Valencia, Javier Moreno-Pérez, Juan Marfil-Pérez, Elena Díaz-Dominguez, Angel R Piñera, Luis Alvarez
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study of prospectively collected outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term clinical course of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with interbody fusion cages (ACDF-IFC) with lordotic tantalum implants and to correlate the radiologic findings with the clinical outcomes, with special emphasis on the significance and the influence of implant subsidence. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cage subsidence is the most frequently reported complication after ACDF-IFC...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522269/learning-from-moral-inconsistency
#2
Richmond Campbell
Moral inconsistency is an understudied phenomenon in cognitive moral psychology and deserves in depth empirical study. Moral inconsistency, as understood here, is not formal inconsistency but inconsistency in moral emotion and belief in response to particular cases. It occurs when persons treat cases as morally different that are really morally the same, even from their moral perspective. Learning to recognize and avoid such moral inconsistency in non-trivial but is a form of moral learning that complements and enhances other psychological and social mechanisms through which persons learn how to apply shared moral norms when their applications are uncertain and threaten to lapse into moral inconsistency...
May 15, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498535/domain-specificity-in-adolescents-concepts-of-laws-associations-among-beliefs-and-behavior
#3
Benjamin Oosterhoff, Aaron Metzger
Using detailed vignettes and scale measures, concepts of laws regulating domain-specific issues and engagement in delinquency were assessed among 340 9th through 12th graders (Mage = 16.64, SD = 1.37). Adolescents distinguished between laws that regulate moral, drug-related prudential, conventional, personal, and multifaceted issues in their criterion judgments and justifications. Youths' ratings of the importance of laws, obligation to obey laws, and deserved punishment for breaking different laws also followed domain-consistent patterns...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497721/scale-effects-in-moral-relevance-assessment
#4
Jonas Nagel, Andrej Rybak
Research on moral judgment often employs bipolar rating scales to assess whether the difference between two contrasted options is judged to be morally relevant. We give an account of how different numbers of response options provided on such scales (odd vs. even) change the meaning of the test question by communicating different implicit presuppositions. We demonstrate experimentally that these changes can qualitatively affect the moral relevance judgments that subjects express in response to a given judgment problem...
March 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492951/information-and-communications-technologies-ict-problematic-use-of-internet-video-games-mobile-phones-instant-messaging-and-social-networks-using-multicage-tic
#5
Eduardo J Pedrero Pérez, José María Ruiz Sánchez de León, Gloria Rojo Mota, Marcos Llanero Luque, Jara Pedrero Aguilar, Sara Morales Alonso, Carmen Puerta García
Use/abuse of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) has in recent years become a topic of great interest. Current discussion addresses whether it must be considered addictive behaviour and if it is a problem that primarily affects adolescents and youth. This study aims to understand the problems that affect people of all ages in controlling the use of these ICTs and whether they are related to mental health problems, stress and difficulties in executive control of behaviour. A survey was administered through social networks and email, using the MULTICAGE-ICT, a questionnaire that explores problems in the use of Internet, mobile phones, video games, instant messaging and social networks...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473515/-our-care-through-our-eyes-impact-of-a-co-produced-digital-educational-programme-on-nurses-knowledge-confidence-and-attitudes-in-providing-care-for-children-and-young-people-who-have-self-harmed-a-mixed-methods-study-in-the-uk
#6
Joseph C Manning, Tim Carter, Asam Latif, Angela Horsley, Joanne Cooper, Marie Armstrong, Jamie Crew, Damian Wood, Patrick Callaghan, Heather Wharrad
OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine the impact of a digital educational intervention on the knowledge, attitudes, confidence and behavioural intention of registered children's nurses working with children and young people (CYP) admitted with self-harm.(2) To explore the perceived impact, suitability and usefulness of the intervention. INTERVENTION: A digital educational intervention that had been co-produced with CYP service users, registered children's nurses and academics...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462736/spanish-adaptation-of-the-morningness-eveningness-stability-scale-improved-messi
#7
Juan F Díaz-Morales, Christoph Randler
The aim of the present study was to conduct the preliminary adaptation of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability-Scale improved (MESSi) to Spanish population, testing its factor structure and construct validity. Participants were 261 adults (65% women; M = 31.4, SD = 12.01) who filled out measures of Morningness-Eveningness (MESSi and CSM), sleep habits, personality traits, positive and negative affect, and subjective level of alertness during the day. Psychometric results supported a three factorial model with the factors Morning Affect, Eveningness and Distinctness (RMSEA = ...
May 2, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461442/the-austere-life
#8
Nicholas Xenos
Since the 2008 financial crisis, austerity has been deployed as a public policy geared towards reducing sovereign debt and restoring economic order, on the one hand, and descried as an example of punitive moralizing by political and economic elites, on the other. This article challenges the economic understanding of the concept of austerity. Some recent examples from popular culture are adduced to indicate societal dissatisfaction with the accumulation of material things, examples of what has been called 'the new minimalism'...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456010/substance-use-and-suicide-risk-in-a-sample-of-young-colombian-adults-an-exploration-of-psychosocial-factors
#9
Angela J Pereira-Morales, Ana Adan, Andrés Camargo, Diego A Forero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Young adults might engage in many risk behaviors, including alcohol and drug use, which could lead to mental health problems, such as suicide. The aim of this study was to examine specific psychosocial and clinical factors that could influence the possible relationship between polysubstance use (PSU) and suicide risk in a sample of young Colombian participants. METHODS: A sample of 274 young participants (mean age = 21.3 years) was evaluated with two substance use screening tests (ASSIST and AUDIT) and five scales for clinical and psychosocial factors and suicide risk: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, Zung Self-Rating Anxiety scale, Family APGAR, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the Plutchik Suicide Risk scale...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451914/assessment-of-anti-vinculin-and-anti-cytolethal-distending-toxin-b-antibodies-in-subtypes-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#10
Ali Rezaie, Sung Chul Park, Walter Morales, Emily Marsh, Anthony Lembo, Jae Hak Kim, Stacy Weitsman, Kathleen S Chua, Gillian M Barlow, Mark Pimentel
BACKGROUND: Antibodies to cytolethal distending toxin B (CdtB) and vinculin are novel biomarkers that rule-in and differentiate irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) from other causes of diarrhea and healthy controls. AIM: To determine whether these antibodies can also diagnose and differentiate other IBS subtypes. METHODS: Subjects with IBS-D based on Rome III criteria (n = 2375) were recruited from a large-scale multicenter clinical trial (TARGET 3)...
April 27, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446736/violating-organizational-and-social-norms-in-the-workplace-a-correlational-study-in-the-nursing-context
#11
Francesco Zaghini, Valentina Biagioli, Rosario Caruso, Sondra Badolamenti, Roberta Fida, Alessandro Sili
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine, in a sample of nurses, the relationships between the organizational context variables (i.e., workload, interpersonal conflicts, organizational constraints), the burnout, the moral disengagement, and the counterproductive work behaviors (CWB), within their clinical work settings. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational study was conducted in a sample of 347 nurses working in different clinical settings in a big university hospital in Central Italy...
April 21, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438822/efficacy-and-safety-of-topical-sevoflurane-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-skin-ulcers
#12
F Dámaso Fernández-Ginés, Manuel Cortiñas-Sáenz, Héctor Mateo-Carrasco, Ana Navajas-Gómez de Aranda, Estrella Navarro-Muñoz, Rocío Rodríguez-Carmona, Carmen Fernández-Sánchez, Francisco Sierra-García, José Antonio Morales-Molina
PURPOSE: Results of efficacy and safety assessments of topical sevoflurane use in patients with long-term treatment-refractory vascular ulcers are reported. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive sevoflurane instillations (1 mL per cm(2) of ulcer area 1-4 times daily) plus standard wound care (ulcer cleaning, debridement, and dressing changes) or standard care only. Topical sevoflurane was initiated during hospitalization, with self- or nurse-administered instillations continued after discharge...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438252/an-exploratory-sequential-design-to-validate-measures-of-moral-emotions
#13
Margarita G Márquez, Ana R Delgado
BACKGROUND: This paper presents an exploratory and sequential mixed methods approach in validating measures of knowledge of the moral emotions of contempt, anger and disgust. METHOD: The sample comprised 60 participants in the qualitative phase when a measurement instrument was designed. Item stems, response options and correction keys were planned following the results obtained in a descriptive phenomenological analysis of the interviews. In the quantitative phase, the scale was used with a sample of 102 Spanish participants, and the results were analysed with the Rasch model...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431587/psychometric-properties-of-the-sdm-q-9-questionnaire-for-shared-decision-making-in-multiple-sclerosis-item-response-theory-modelling-and-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#14
Javier Ballesteros, Ester Moral, Luis Brieva, Elena Ruiz-Beato, Daniel Prefasi, Jorge Maurino
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making is a cornerstone of patient-centred care. The 9-item Shared Decision-Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9) is a brief self-assessment tool for measuring patients' perceived level of involvement in decision-making related to their own treatment and care. Information related to the psychometric properties of the SDM-Q-9 for multiple sclerosis (MS) patients is limited. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of the items composing the SDM-Q-9 and its dimensional structure in patients with relapsing-remitting MS...
April 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430191/activating-lattice-oxygen-redox-reactions-in-metal-oxides-to-catalyse-oxygen-evolution
#15
Alexis Grimaud, Oscar Diaz-Morales, Binghong Han, Wesley T Hong, Yueh-Lin Lee, Livia Giordano, Kelsey A Stoerzinger, Marc T M Koper, Yang Shao-Horn
Understanding how materials that catalyse the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) function is essential for the development of efficient energy-storage technologies. The traditional understanding of the OER mechanism on metal oxides involves four concerted proton-electron transfer steps on metal-ion centres at their surface and product oxygen molecules derived from water. Here, using in situ (18)O isotope labelling mass spectrometry, we provide direct experimental evidence that the O2 generated during the OER on some highly active oxides can come from lattice oxygen...
May 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429461/deodorization-of-arthrospira-platensis-biomass-for-further-scale-up-food-applications
#16
Sara P Cuellar-Bermúdez, Bertha Barba-Davila, Sergio O Serna-Saldivar, Roberto Parra-Saldivar, José Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Sandra Morales-Davila, Koen Goiris, Koenraad Muylaert, Cristina Chuck-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of A. platensis as a potential food protein source, we achieve an affordable deodorization process that does not significantly affect the nutritional value of algae biomass. RESULTS: Ethanol, acetone or hexane were used to deodorize algae biomass and then to identify the profile of volatile compounds associated with its distinctive odor. Sensorial characteristics were improved in the biomass cake after the proposed solvent extraction...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421142/plackett-burman-design-for-rgilcc1-laccase-activity-enhancement-in-pichia-pastoris-concentrated-enzyme-kinetic-characterization
#17
Edwin D Morales-Álvarez, Claudia M Rivera-Hoyos, Ángela M Cardozo-Bernal, Raúl A Poutou-Piñales, Aura M Pedroza-Rodríguez, Dennis J Díaz-Rincón, Alexander Rodríguez-López, Carlos J Alméciga-Díaz, Claudia L Cuervo-Patiño
Laccases are multicopper oxidases that catalyze aromatic and nonaromatic compounds with concomitant reduction of molecular oxygen to water. They are of great interest due to their potential biotechnological applications. In this work we statistically improved culture media for recombinant GILCC1 (rGILCC1) laccase production at low scale from Ganoderma lucidum containing the construct pGAPZαA-GlucPost-Stop in Pichia pastoris. Temperature, pH stability, and kinetic parameter characterizations were determined by monitoring concentrate enzyme oxidation at different ABTS substrate concentrations...
2017: Enzyme Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417325/microscopic-and-spectroscopic-characterization-of-humic-substances-from-a-compost-amended-copper-contaminated-soil-main-features-and-their-potential-effects-on-cu-immobilization
#18
Jorge Medina, Carlos Monreal, Denise Chabot, Sebastián Meier, María Eugenia González, Esteban Morales, Rita Parillo, Fernando Borie, Pablo Cornejo
We characterized humic substances (HS) extracted from a Cu-contaminated soil without compost addition (C) or amended with a wheat straw-based compost (WSC) (H1), co-composted with Fe2O3 (H2), or co-composted with an allophane-rich soil (H3). Extracted HS were characterized under electron microscopy (SEM/TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (X-EDS), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. In addition, HS extracted from WSC (H4) were characterized at pH 4.0 and 8.0 with descriptive purposes. At pH 4.0, globular structures of H4 were observed, some of them aggregating within a large network...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414548/assessing-state-mental-contamination-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-state-mental-contamination-scale
#19
Rosemond T Lorona, Wade C Rowatt, Thomas A Fergus
This 2-part study described the development and preliminary validation of the State Mental Contamination Scale (SMCS), a multi-item self-report measure of state mental contamination. In Study 1, community adults (N = 211) in the United States were randomly assigned to a pathogen disgust, moral disgust, or neutral condition and then completed the SMCS. Study 1 results supported a 1-factor structure of the SMCS items. Scores on the SMCS items evidenced good internal consistency and strong interitem correlations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396392/salting-our-freshwater-lakes
#20
Hilary A Dugan, Sarah L Bartlett, Samantha M Burke, Jonathan P Doubek, Flora E Krivak-Tetley, Nicholas K Skaff, Jamie C Summers, Kaitlin J Farrell, Ian M McCullough, Ana M Morales-Williams, Derek C Roberts, Zutao Ouyang, Facundo Scordo, Paul C Hanson, Kathleen C Weathers
The highest densities of lakes on Earth are in north temperate ecosystems, where increasing urbanization and associated chloride runoff can salinize freshwaters and threaten lake water quality and the many ecosystem services lakes provide. However, the extent to which lake salinity may be changing at broad spatial scales remains unknown, leading us to first identify spatial patterns and then investigate the drivers of these patterns. Significant decadal trends in lake salinization were identified using a dataset of long-term chloride concentrations from 371 North American lakes...
April 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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