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Moral scale

M Bonet, T Bonfill, M Nuñez, L De Verdonces, E Mur, E Gallardo, L Fernandez-Morales, A Aguilar, J Prats, M Arenas
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of a cohort of very elderly muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients treated with contemporary 3D-conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy, after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). METHODS: From February 2010 to January 2014, a total of 41 patients older than 75 years, with T2-3 N0-1 high-grade MIBC, a Karnofsky index (KI) of at least 90% and/or a Barthel scale score of at least 95, were treated with TURBT followed by radiotherapy (RT) with or without chemotherapy, and were prospectively followed-up...
November 20, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Ma Angustias Ibañez Pérez De La Blanca, Enrique Fernández Mondéjar, Francisco Javier Gómez Jimènez, Jóse María Alonso Morales, Ma Dolores Quijano Lombardo, Juan Luis Viso Rodriguez
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for intracerebral lesion (ICL) in older adults with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and evaluate the influence of comorbidities on outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Information was gathered on clinical history/examination, cranial computed tomography, admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, analytical and coagulation findings, and mortality at 1 week post-discharge...
November 20, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Anne Margriet Pot, Siriphan Sasat, Fernando Morales-Martinez
Problem: Demand for long-term care services for older people is increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries. Countries need to establish national long-term care systems that are sustainable and equitable. Approach: The Governments of Costa Rica and Thailand have implemented broadly comparable interventions to deploy volunteers in long-term home care. Both countries trained older volunteers from local communities to make home visits to impoverished and vulnerable older people and to facilitate access to health services and other social services...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
G Martinez Niconoff, M A Torres-Rodriguez, M Vargas Morales, S I De Los Santos Garcia, P Martinez Vara, A Carbajal-Dominguez
We describe the generation of plasmonic modes that propagate in a curved trajectory. This is performed by masking a metal surface with two screens containing a randomly distributed set of holes that follow a Gaussian statistic. The diameter of the holes is less than the wavelength of the illuminating plane wave. By implementing scaling and rotations on each screen, we control the correlation trajectory and generate long-range curved plasmonic modes. The study is generalized for the transmission of a plasmonic mode propagating in a tandem array of thin metal films using the evanescent character of the electric field...
November 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Herman Joseph Johannesmeyer, Suhani Bhakta, Felix Morales
Our case describes a 77-year-old, African American male who was experiencing recurrent hypoglycemic episodes, which resulted in two emergency department (ED) visits and a subsequent inpatient admission during his second ED visit. He was prescribed linezolid 600 mg twice daily for 14 days for the treatment of a Staphylococcus hominis urinary tract infection. Nine and a half days into therapy, the patient began having recurrent hypoglycemic episodes. These episodes persisted despite repeated intravenous dextrose boluses...
November 9, 2017: Drug Safety—Case Reports
Matteo G F Vascello, Mauro Marchetti, Michele Scaltritti, Gianmarco Altoè, Maria S Spada, Guido Molinero, Andrea Manfrinati
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate explicit moral and socio-conventional knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) patients. Method: A group of 28 TBI patients was tested on a new set of moral and socio-conventional items. Responses of TBI patients were compared with those of 28 matched controls. Participants had to report how hard would be to perform specific moral or socio-conventional transgressions, using a 10-point Likert scale. We analyzed our data through mixed-effects models, to jointly assess by-participants and by-items variance...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Judy Beglaubter
Studying couples who shared parental leave presents the opportunity to explore decision-making processes that may challenge conventional care arrangement typical of early parenthood. Interviews with 33 Canadian heterosexual couples indicate gendered sticking points in the division of official leave time. Whether fathers took leave because of their personal desires or material circumstances, this study finds that men and women did not enter negotiations on a level playing field. Strong cultural support for mothers'-but not fathers'-time with baby tipped the scales toward maternal care giving, even when couples wanted to share parental leave...
November 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Julia Lechuga, Carol L Galletly, Michelle R Broaddus, Julia B Dickson-Gomez, Laura R Glasman, Timothy L McAuliffe, Miriam Y Vega, Sarah LeGrand, Carla A Mena, Morgan L Barlow, Erik Valera, Judith I Montenegro
To develop, pilot test, and conduct psychometric analyses of an innovative scale measuring the influence of perceived immigration laws on Latino migrants' HIV-testing behavior. The Immigration Law Concerns Scale (ILCS) was developed in three phases: Phase 1 involved a review of law and literature, generation of scale items, consultation with project advisors, and subsequent revision of the scale. Phase 2 involved systematic translation- back translation and consensus-based editorial processes conducted by members of a bilingual and multi-national study team...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Genaro Gabriel Ortiz, E W Moráles-Sánchez, F P Pacheco-Moisés, F J Jiménez-Gil, M A Macías-Islas, M A Mireles-Ramírez, H González-Usigli
Objective: To determine the effect of melatonin (MEL) administration on ciclooxigenase 2 (COX-2) activity and serum concentration of nitric oxide metabolites, lipoperoxides and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity in patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods: Prospective double-blind randomized clinical pilot trial. 13 patients were included and two groups were formed: MEL at doses of 25 mg orally every 12 hours for 12 months and placebo with corn starch. Patients were assessed using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Scale...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
Gloria Rojo-Mota, Eduardo J Pedrero-Pérez, José M Ruiz-Sánchez de León, Irene León-Frade, Patricia Aldea-Poyo, Marina Alonso-Rodríguez, Jara Pedrero-Aguilar, Sara Morales-Alonso
Background: The LOTCA (Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment) battery is a cognitive screening test which is widely used in occupational health. However, no work has been found that explores its use in addiction treatment. Objectives of Study: To explore the convergent validity of LOTCA with neuropsychological tests that assess related cerebral functional areas. Methods: The LOTCA, along with a battery of neuropsychological tests, was administered to a sample of 48 subjects who start a treatment by substance or gambling addictions...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
Arturo Arrona-Palacios, Juan F Díaz-Morales
BACKGROUND: The effect of morningness-eveningness, sleep habits, and intelligence on academic performance has been studied in a fixed morning school shift. However, no studies have analysed these variables in an afternoon school shift and tested whether morningness-eveningness is related to academic performance beyond sleep habits and intelligence effects. AIMS: The psychometric properties of the Morningness-Eveningness Scale for Children (MESC) were analysed. Additionally, academic performance, sex, intelligence, sleep habits, and morningness-eveningness relationship in a morning and afternoon school shift were compared...
November 1, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
Gonzalo Olivares-Granados, Rosa María Ríos-Pelegrina, Jesús Ruiz-Giménez, Alberto Galdón-Castillo, Teresa Escobar-Delgado, Raimundo García Del Moral
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis is the most common cause of refractory epilepsy, and the most common indication for surgery. Although effective, surgery fails in up to 40% of patients. The objective of our study was to establish a correlation between the different histological subtypes of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis and the prognosis, seizures control, side effects and anticonvulsivant drug withdrawal in patients with refractory epilepsy...
October 28, 2017: Neurocirugía
José M Pelayo-de-Tomás, José L Rodrigo-Pérez, Carlos D Novoa-Parra, Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, María Morales-Suárez-Varela, José Antonio Blas-Dobón
PURPOSE: The objective was to assess aseptic complications and functional outcome using a primary total hip arthroplasty with modular neck. METHODS: Prospective cohort of 317 consecutive patients. The mean age was 61.1 (range, 41-84) years. The H-Max-M model (Lima, Italy) system was used in all patients. The functional assessment was made by the Harris Hip Score, Short Form-36 (SF-36), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and visual analogue scale for pain...
October 29, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Philip S Chodrow
Ethnoracial residential segregation is a complex, multiscalar phenomenon with immense moral and economic costs. Modeling the structure and dynamics of segregation is a pressing problem for sociology and urban planning, but existing methods have limitations. In this paper, we develop a suite of methods, grounded in information theory, for studying the spatial structure of segregation. We first advance existing profile and decomposition methods by posing two related regionalization methods, which allow for profile curves with nonconstant spatial scale and decomposition analysis with nonarbitrary areal units...
October 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Marina Näsman, Johan Niklasson, Jan Saarela, Mikael Nygård, Birgitta Olofsson, Mia Conradsson, Hugo Lövheim, Yngve Gustafson, Fredrica Nyqvist
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to study changes in morale in individuals 85 years and older, and to assess the effect of negative life events on morale over a five-year follow-up period. METHOD: The present study is based on longitudinal data from the Umeå85+/GERDA-study, including individuals 85 years and older at baseline (n = 204). Morale was measured with the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale (PGCMS). Negative life events were assessed using an index including 13 negative life events occurring during the follow-up period...
October 27, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Kara Weisman, Carol S Dweck, Ellen M Markman
How do people make sense of the emotions, sensations, and cognitive abilities that make up mental life? Pioneering work on the dimensions of mind perception has been interpreted as evidence that people consider mental life to have two core components-experience (e.g., hunger, joy) and agency (e.g., planning, self-control) [Gray HM, et al. (2007) Science 315:619]. We argue that this conclusion is premature: The experience-agency framework may capture people's understanding of the differences among different beings (e...
October 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Michael L Crowe, University Of Georgia, Donald R Lynam, Purdue University, Joshua D Miller
OBJECTIVE: Although there are several models of the lower-order structure of Agreeableness, empirically derived descriptions of this domain are largely non-existent. We examined the factor structure of Agreeableness items from multiple scales in order to empirically determine the facet-level structure of the domain. METHOD: Participants (N = 1205; 73% female; 84% White; M age = 35.5, SD = 17.26) completed 131 items from 22 scales measuring Agreeableness. RESULTS: A series of factor analyses were conducted on 104 items to identify factor emergence of the domain, from a single factor to increasingly more specific factors...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Personality
Hao Liu, Zhi-Min Yang, Ying Geng, Huan Yang, De-Heng Zhao, Wei-Dong Xiao, Gao-Hua Wang
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to help domestic application units and research institutions improve their research quality of antidepressant clinical tests by studying and analyzing the current status and problems in selecting control drugs during domestic antidepressant clinical tests and illustrating some key problems that should be noted when selecting the control drug in such researches. METHODS: Considering the current domestic and overseas status of control drug selection in antidepressant clinical tests, various considerations, and misunderstandings on control drug selection in domestic antidepressant clinical tests were clarified and described, and possible factors that may influence the absolute effect of antidepressants were analyzed...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Alejandro Gómez-Gómez, Estíbaliz Loza, Maria Piedad Rosario, Gerard Espinosa, José M García Ruiz de Morales, Jose M Herreras, Santiago Muñoz-Fernández, Miguel Cordero-Coma
BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy and safety of immunomodulatory drugs in patients with noninfectious anterior uveitis (AU). METHODS: Systematic review of studies were retrieved from Medline (1961 to March 2016), Embase (1961 to March 2016), and Cochrane Library (up to March 2016), and a complementary hand search was also performed. The selection criteria were as follows: (population) noninfectious AU patients, adults; (intervention) immunomodulatory drugs (any dose, regimen, route of administration, duration of treatment); (outcome) control of inflammation, steroid-sparing effect, AU flares, adverse events, and so on; (study design) systematic literature reviews, randomized controlled trials, and observational studies...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
María Trinidad Morales-Belando, José L Arias-Estero
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to know whether an intervention using an adaptation of the teaching games for understanding approach (named teaching races for understanding [TRfU]) led participants to improve skill execution, decision making, race performance, race involvement, race knowledge, enjoyment, intention to continue practicing sailing, and perceived competence. METHOD: Participants were 67 children from a randomly selected sailing school (Mage = 9...
October 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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