keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Moral scale

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431587/psychometric-properties-of-the-sdm-q-9-questionnaire-for-shared-decision-making-in-multiple-sclerosis-item-response-theory-modelling-and-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#1
Javier Ballesteros, Ester Moral, Luis Brieva, Elena Ruiz-Beato, Daniel Prefasi, Jorge Maurino
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making is a cornerstone of patient-centred care. The 9-item Shared Decision-Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9) is a brief self-assessment tool for measuring patients' perceived level of involvement in decision-making related to their own treatment and care. Information related to the psychometric properties of the SDM-Q-9 for multiple sclerosis (MS) patients is limited. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of the items composing the SDM-Q-9 and its dimensional structure in patients with relapsing-remitting MS...
April 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430191/activating-lattice-oxygen-redox-reactions-in-metal-oxides-to-catalyse-oxygen-evolution
#2
Alexis Grimaud, Oscar Diaz-Morales, Binghong Han, Wesley T Hong, Yueh-Lin Lee, Livia Giordano, Kelsey A Stoerzinger, Marc T M Koper, Yang Shao-Horn
Understanding how materials that catalyse the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) function is essential for the development of efficient energy-storage technologies. The traditional understanding of the OER mechanism on metal oxides involves four concerted proton-electron transfer steps on metal-ion centres at their surface and product oxygen molecules derived from water. Here, using in situ (18)O isotope labelling mass spectrometry, we provide direct experimental evidence that the O2 generated during the OER on some highly active oxides can come from lattice oxygen...
May 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429461/deodorization-of-arthrospira-platensis-biomass-for-further-scale-up-food-applications
#3
Sara P Cuellar-Bermúdez, Bertha Barba-Davila, Sergio O Serna-Saldivar, Roberto Parra-Saldivar, José Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Sandra Morales-Davila, Koen Goiris, Koenraad Muylaert, Cristina Chuck-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of A. platensis as a potential food protein source, we achieve an affordable deodorization process that does not significantly affect the nutritional value of algae biomass. RESULTS: Ethanol, acetone or hexane were used to deodorize algae biomass and then to identify the profile of volatile compounds associated with its distinctive odor. Sensorial characteristics were improved in the biomass cake after the proposed solvent extraction...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421142/plackett-burman-design-for-rgilcc1-laccase-activity-enhancement-in-pichia-pastoris-concentrated-enzyme-kinetic-characterization
#4
Edwin D Morales-Álvarez, Claudia M Rivera-Hoyos, Ángela M Cardozo-Bernal, Raúl A Poutou-Piñales, Aura M Pedroza-Rodríguez, Dennis J Díaz-Rincón, Alexander Rodríguez-López, Carlos J Alméciga-Díaz, Claudia L Cuervo-Patiño
Laccases are multicopper oxidases that catalyze aromatic and nonaromatic compounds with concomitant reduction of molecular oxygen to water. They are of great interest due to their potential biotechnological applications. In this work we statistically improved culture media for recombinant GILCC1 (rGILCC1) laccase production at low scale from Ganoderma lucidum containing the construct pGAPZαA-GlucPost-Stop in Pichia pastoris. Temperature, pH stability, and kinetic parameter characterizations were determined by monitoring concentrate enzyme oxidation at different ABTS substrate concentrations...
2017: Enzyme Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417325/microscopic-and-spectroscopic-characterization-of-humic-substances-from-a-compost-amended-copper-contaminated-soil-main-features-and-their-potential-effects-on-cu-immobilization
#5
Jorge Medina, Carlos Monreal, Denise Chabot, Sebastián Meier, María Eugenia González, Esteban Morales, Rita Parillo, Fernando Borie, Pablo Cornejo
We characterized humic substances (HS) extracted from a Cu-contaminated soil without compost addition (C) or amended with a wheat straw-based compost (WSC) (H1), co-composted with Fe2O3 (H2), or co-composted with an allophane-rich soil (H3). Extracted HS were characterized under electron microscopy (SEM/TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (X-EDS), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. In addition, HS extracted from WSC (H4) were characterized at pH 4.0 and 8.0 with descriptive purposes. At pH 4.0, globular structures of H4 were observed, some of them aggregating within a large network...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414548/assessing-state-mental-contamination-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-state-mental-contamination-scale
#6
Rosemond T Lorona, Wade C Rowatt, Thomas A Fergus
This 2-part study described the development and preliminary validation of the State Mental Contamination Scale (SMCS), a multi-item self-report measure of state mental contamination. In Study 1, community adults (N = 211) in the United States were randomly assigned to a pathogen disgust, moral disgust, or neutral condition and then completed the SMCS. Study 1 results supported a 1-factor structure of the SMCS items. Scores on the SMCS items evidenced good internal consistency and strong interitem correlations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396392/salting-our-freshwater-lakes
#7
Hilary A Dugan, Sarah L Bartlett, Samantha M Burke, Jonathan P Doubek, Flora E Krivak-Tetley, Nicholas K Skaff, Jamie C Summers, Kaitlin J Farrell, Ian M McCullough, Ana M Morales-Williams, Derek C Roberts, Zutao Ouyang, Facundo Scordo, Paul C Hanson, Kathleen C Weathers
The highest densities of lakes on Earth are in north temperate ecosystems, where increasing urbanization and associated chloride runoff can salinize freshwaters and threaten lake water quality and the many ecosystem services lakes provide. However, the extent to which lake salinity may be changing at broad spatial scales remains unknown, leading us to first identify spatial patterns and then investigate the drivers of these patterns. Significant decadal trends in lake salinization were identified using a dataset of long-term chloride concentrations from 371 North American lakes...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389276/whole-genome-sequencing-of-shigella-sonnei-through-pulsenet-latin-america-and-caribbean-advancing-global-surveillance-of-foodborne-illnesses
#8
Kate Susan Baker, Josefina Campos, Mariana Pichel, Anabella Della Gaspera, Francisco Duarte-Martínez, Elena Campos-Chacón, Hilda María Bolaños-Acuña, Caterina Guzman-Verri, Alison E Mather, Susana Diaz Velasco, Maria Luz Zamudio Rojas, Jessica Forbester, Thomas Richard Connor, Karen Helena Keddy, Anthony Marius Smith, Enedia A Lopez de Delgado, Giovanny Angiolillo, Nirvia Cuaical, Jorge Fernandez, Carolina Aguayo, Melissa Morales Aguilar, Claudia Valenzuela, Ana Judith Morales Medrano, Alfredo Sirok Esteve, Natalie Weiler Gustafson, Paula Lucia Diaz Guevara, Lucy Angeline Montaño, Enrique Perez, Nicholas R Thomson
OBJECTIVE: Shigella sonnei is a globally-important diarrhoeal pathogen tracked through the surveillance network PulseNet Latin America and Caribbean (PNLA&C), which participates in PulseNet International. PNLA&C laboratories use common molecular techniques to track pathogens causing foodborne illness. We aimed to demonstrate the possibility and advantages of transitioning to whole genome sequencing (WGS) for surveillance within existing networks across a continent where S. sonnei is endemic...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388153/nanostructured-solvation-in-mixtures-of-protic-ionic-liquids-and-long-chained-alcohols
#9
Hadrián Montes-Campos, José M Otero-Mato, Trinidad Méndez-Morales, Elena López-Lago, Olga Russina, Oscar Cabeza, Luis J Gallego, Luis M Varela
The structural and dynamical properties of bulk mixtures of long-chained primary and secondary alcohols (propanol, butanol, and 2-pentanol) with protic ionic liquids (ethylammonium and butylammonium nitrate) were studied by means of molecular dynamics simulations and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Changes in the structure with the alcohol concentration and with the alkyl chain length of the alcohol moieties were found, showing variations in the radial distribution function and in the number of hydrogen bonds in the bulk liquids...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386856/change-in-medical-student-attitudes-toward-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-after-course-exposure
#10
Makeida B Koyi, Archana Nelliot, Dean MacKinnon, Darius A Rastegar, Michael Fingerhood, Anika Alvanzo, Leonard Feldman, Karin J Neufeld
OBJECTIVE: Negative physician attitudes toward patients with substance use disorders (SUD) pose a significant barrier to treatment. This study tests the overall and intra-individual change in attitudes of second year medical students after exposure to a 15 hour SUD course. METHODS: Two cohorts of second year medical students (2014 and 2015) responded to an anonymous 13-item previously published survey exploring personal views regarding patients with SUD using a four-point Likert scale...
April 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381632/accelerating-the-carbon-cycle-the-ethics-of-enhanced-weathering
#11
REVIEW
H Lawford-Smith, A Currie
Enhanced weathering, in comparison to other geoengineering measures, creates the possibility of a reduced cost, reduced impact way of decreasing atmospheric carbon, with positive knock-on effects such as decreased oceanic acidity. We argue that ethical concerns have a place alongside empirical, political and social factors as we consider how to best respond to the critical challenge that anthropogenic climate change poses. We review these concerns, considering the ethical issues that arise (or would arise) in the large-scale deployment of enhanced weathering...
April 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377264/balconing-an-alcohol-induced-craze-that-injures-tourists-characterization-of-the-phenomenon
#12
Juan José Segura-Sampedro, Cristina Pineño-Flores, Jose María García-Pérez, Patricia Jiménez-Morillas, Rafael Morales-Soriano, Xavier González-Argente
BACKGROUND: Balconing is the term that has been given to consciously jumping into a swimming pool from a balcony or falling from height while climbing from one balcony to another in hotels during holidays METHOD: A 5 years retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary referral centre for severe trauma in the Balearic Islands, where balconing is endemic. Demographic data such as age, sex, nationality, personal records, alcohol or drug consumption, height of the fall and season of the year were collected...
March 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376428/critical-review-of-existing-nanomaterial-adsorbents-to-capture-carbon-dioxide-and-methane
#13
REVIEW
Amanda Alonso, J Moral-Vico, Ahmad Abo Markeb, Martí Busquets-Fité, Dimitrios Komilis, Victor Puntes, Antoni Sánchez, Xavier Font
Innovative gas capture technologies with the objective to mitigate CO2 and CH4 emissions are discussed in this review. Emphasis is given on the use of nanoparticles (NP) as sorbents of CO2 and CH4, which are the two most important global warming gases. The existing NP sorption processes must overcome certain challenges before their implementation to the industrial scale. These are: i) the utilization of the concentrated gas stream generated by the capture and gas purification technologies, ii) the reduction of the effects of impurities on the operating system, iii) the scale up of the relevant materials, and iv) the retrofitting of technologies in existing facilities...
April 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376128/exploring-water-radiolysis-in-proton-cancer-therapy-time-dependent-non-adiabatic-simulations-of-h-h2o-1-6
#14
Austin J Privett, Erico S Teixeira, Christopher Stopera, Jorge A Morales
To elucidate microscopic details of proton cancer therapy (PCT), we apply the simplest-level electron nuclear dynamics (SLEND) method to H+ + (H2O)1-6 at ELab = 100 keV. These systems are computationally tractable prototypes to simulate water radiolysis reactions-i.e. the PCT processes that generate the DNA-damaging species against cancerous cells. To capture incipient bulk-water effects, ten (H2O)1-6 isomers are considered, ranging from quasi-planar/multiplanar (H2O)1-6 to "smallest-drop" prism and cage (H2O)6 structures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370818/moral-injury-in-u-s-combat-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#15
Blair E Wisco, Brian P Marx, Casey L May, Brenda Martini, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Combat exposure is associated with increased risk of mental disorders and suicidality. Moral injury, or persistent effects of perpetrating or witnessing acts that violate one's moral code, may contribute to mental health problems following military service. The pervasiveness of potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) among U.S. combat veterans, and what factors are associated with PMIEs in this population remains unknown. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS), a contemporary and nationally representative survey of a population-based sample of U...
March 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365343/a-systematic-methodology-to-extend-the-applicability-of-a-bioconversion-model-for-the-simulation-of-various-co-digestion-scenarios
#16
Adam Kovalovszki, Merlin Alvarado-Morales, Ioannis A Fotidis, Irini Angelidaki
Detailed simulation of anaerobic digestion (AD) requires complex mathematical models and the optimization of numerous model parameters. By performing a systematic methodology and identifying parameters with the highest impact on process variables in a well-established AD model, its applicability was extended to various co-digestion scenarios. More specifically, the application of the step-by-step methodology led to the estimation of a general and reduced set of parameters, for the simulation of scenarios where either manure or wastewater were co-digested with different organic substrates...
March 21, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361986/individual-differences-in-moral-disgust-do-not-predict-utilitarian-judgments-sexual-and-pathogen-disgust-do
#17
Michael Laakasuo, Jukka Sundvall, Marianna Drosinou
The role of emotional disgust and disgust sensitivity in moral judgment and decision-making has been debated intensively for over 20 years. Until very recently, there were two main evolutionary narratives for this rather puzzling association. One of the models suggest that it was developed through some form of group selection mechanism, where the internal norms of the groups were acting as pathogen safety mechanisms. Another model suggested that these mechanisms were developed through hygiene norms, which were piggybacking on pathogen disgust mechanisms...
March 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355323/conventional-physical-therapy-and-physical-therapy-based-on-reflex-stimulation-showed-similar-results-in-children-with-myelomeningocele
#18
Carolina Y P Aizawa, Mariana P Morales, Carolina Lundberg, Maria Clara D Soares de Moura, Fernando C G Pinto, Mariana C Voos, Renata H Hasue
We aimed to investigate whether infants with myelomeningocele would improve their motor ability and functional independence after ten sessions of physical therapy and compare the outcomes of conventional physical therapy (CPT) to a physical therapy program based on reflex stimulation (RPT). Twelve children were allocated to CPT (n = 6, age 18.3 months) or RPT (n = 6, age 18.2 months). The RPT involved proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation. Children were assessed with the Gross Motor Function Measure and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory before and after treatment...
March 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349950/soil-classification-predicts-differences-in-prokaryotic-communities-across-a-range-of-geographically-distant-soils-once-ph-is-accounted-for
#19
Rachel Kaminsky, Blandine Trouche, Sergio E Morales
Agricultural land is typically managed based on visible plant life at the expense of the belowground majority. However, microorganisms mediate processes sustaining plant life and the soil environment. To understand the role of microbes we first must understand what controls soil microbial community assembly. We assessed the distribution and composition of prokaryotic communities from soils representing four geographic regions on the South Island of New Zealand. These soils are under three different uses (dairy, sheep and beef, and high country farming) and are representative of major soil classification groups (brown, pallic, gley and recent)...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344714/moral-distress-and-burnout-in-internal-medicine-residents
#20
Sharareh Sajjadi, Monica Norena, Hubert Wong, Peter Dodek
BACKGROUND: Residents frequently encounter situations in their workplace that may induce moral distress or burnout. The objective of this study was to measure overall and rotation-specific moral distress and burnout in medical residents, and the relationship between demographics and moral distress and burnout. METHODS: The revised Moral Distress Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Human Service version) were administered to Internal Medicine residents in the 2013-2014 academic year at the University of British Columbia...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
keyword
keyword
45155
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"