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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219363/to-change-or-not-to-change-translating-and-culturally-adapting-the-paediatric-version-of-the-moral-distress-scale-revised-mds-r
#1
Margareta Af Sandeberg, Marika Wenemark, Cecilia Bartholdson, Kim Lützén, Pernilla Pergert
BACKGROUND: Paediatric cancer care poses ethically difficult situations that can lead to value conflicts about what is best for the child, possibly resulting in moral distress. Research on moral distress is lacking in paediatric cancer care in Sweden and most questionnaires are developed in English. The Moral Distress Scale-Revised (MDS-R) is a questionnaire that measures moral distress in specific situations; respondents are asked to indicate both the frequency and the level of disturbance when the situation arises...
February 20, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212471/-management-of-ureteric-colic-with-ketorolac-and-nifedipin-vs-ketorolac-and-tamsulosin-in-the-emergency-room
#2
Álvaro J Montiel-Jarquín, Valeria M Rocha-Rocha, Hugo A Solís-Mendoza, María S Romero-Figueroa, Ivet Etchegaray-Morales, Ivan Alvarado-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Ureteric colic is the most common symptom of lithiasis. It is caused by the presence of stones accumulated in the renal papillae. These stones often migrate down the ureter, causing a ureteric colic, characterized by a severe pain in the lumbar region. The aim of this study was to compare the use of ketorolac and nifedipine vs. ketorolac and tamsulosin for the medical treatment of pain caused by stones in the lower ureter. METHODS: Longitudinal study of 150 patients of 21-years or older with stones in the lower third of the ureter...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192355/enhancement-of-struvite-pellets-crystallization-in-a-full-scale-plant-using-an-industrial-grade-magnesium-product
#3
D Crutchik, N Morales, J R Vázquez-Padín, J M Garrido
A full-scale struvite crystallization system was operated for the treatment of the centrate obtained from the sludge anaerobic digester in a municipal wastewater treatment plant. Additionally, the feasibility of an industrial grade Mg(OH)2 as a cheap magnesium and alkali source was also investigated. The struvite crystallization plant was operated for two different periods: period I, in which an influent with low phosphate concentration (34.0 mg P·L(-1)) was fed to the crystallization plant; and period II, in which an influent with higher phosphate concentration (68...
February 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187940/carbon-dioxide-consumption-of-the-microalga-scenedesmus-obtusiusculus-under-transient-inlet-co2-concentration-variations
#4
Juan Cabello, Marcia Morales, Sergio Revah
The extensive microalgae diversity offers considerable versatility for a wide range of biotechnological applications in environmental and production processes. Microalgal cultivation is based on CO2 fixation via photosynthesis and, consequently, it is necessary to evaluate, in a short time and reliable way, the effect of the CO2 gas concentration on the consumption rate and establish the tolerance range of different strains and the amount of inorganic carbon that can be incorporated into biomass in order to establish the potential for industrial scale application...
February 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181386/impact-of-continuous-in-home-rehabilitation-on-quality-of-life-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-elderly-clients-over-1%C3%A2-year
#5
Miyuki Imanishi, Hisao Tomohisa, Kazuo Higaki
AIM: To verify the effect of in-home rehabilitation on quality of life and activities of daily living in elderly clients. METHODS: In this non-randomized controlled intervention trial, elderly participants were separated into a rehabilitation or a non-rehabilitation group (n = 100 each). The non-rehabilitation group received basic in-home nursing care, including assistance with cooking, cleaning, toileting, meals and medication. The rehabilitation group received a physical treatment program provided by a licensed professional once a week and basic nursing care in the home...
February 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159565/postoperative-pain-after-conventional-laparoscopic-versus-single-port-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#6
Salvador Morales-Conde, Isaías Alarcón Del Agua, Antonio Barranco Moreno, María Socas Macías
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic approach is the gold standard for surgical treatment of morbid obesity. The single-port (SP) approach has been demonstrated to be a safe and effective technique for the treatment of morbid obesity in several case control studies. OBJECTIVES: Compare conventional multiport laparoscopy (LAP) with an SP approach for the treatment of morbid obesity using sleeve gastrectomy in terms of postoperative pain using a visual analog scale (VAS) 0-100, surgical outcome, weight loss, and aesthetical satisfaction at 6 months after surgery...
November 17, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159129/attitudes-toward-abortion-among-students-at-the-university-of-cape-coast-ghana
#7
Sarah D Rominski, Eugene Darteh, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Michelle Munro-Kramer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the attitudes toward abortion of Ghanaian University students and to determine factors which are associated with supporting a woman's right to an abortion. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was administered to residential students at the University of Cape Coast. Participants were posed a series of 26 statements to determine to what extent they were supportive of abortion as a woman's right. An exploratory factor analysis was used to create a scale with the pertinent factors that relate to abortion attitudes and a multivariable linear regression model explored the relationships among significant variables noted during exploratory factor analysis...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159007/beyond-patient-care-the-impact-of-healthcare-reform-on-job-satisfaction-in-the-ethiopian-public-healthcare-sector
#8
Tsegahun Manyazewal, Mokgadi C Matlakala
BACKGROUND: While healthcare reform has been a central attention for local governments, its impact on job satisfaction is poorly understood. This study aimed to determine the impact of healthcare reform on job satisfaction in the public healthcare sector in Ethiopia. METHODS: The study was designed as a facility-based cross-sectional survey of healthcare professionals and carried out in all public hospitals in central Ethiopia which have been implementing healthcare reform (n = 5)...
February 3, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151638/direct-imaging-of-dopant-distribution-in-polycrystalline-zno-films
#9
Fanni Lorenzo, A Brian Aebersold, Monica Morales-Masis, Martin Ledinský, Stéphane Escrig, Aliaksei Vetushka, Duncan T L Alexander, Aïcha Hessler-Wyser, Antonín Fejfar, Cécile Hébert, Sylvain Nicolay, Christophe Ballif
Two fundamental requirements of transparent conductive oxides are high conductivity and low optical absorptance, properties strongly dependent on the free-carrier concentration of the film. The free-carrier concentration is usually tuned by the addition of dopant atoms; which are commonly assumed to be uniformly distributed in the films or partially segregated at grain boundaries. Here, the combination of secondary ion mass spectroscopy at the nanometric scale (NanoSIMS) and Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) allows direct imaging of boron-dopant distribution in polycrystalline zinc oxide (ZnO) films...
February 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140775/framing-autism-a-content-analysis-of-five-major-news-frames-in-u-s-based-newspapers
#10
Jessica Wendorf Muhamad, Fan Yang
The portrayal of child autism-related news stories has become a serious issue in the United States, yet few studies address this from media framing perspective. To fill this gap in the literature, this study examined the applicability of a media framing scale (Semetko & Valkenburg, 2000) for the deductive examination of autism-related news stories in U.S.-based newspapers. Under the theoretical framework of framing theory, a content analysis of news stories (N = 413) was conducted to investigate the presence of the five news frames using an established questionnaire...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125359/the-spanish-version-of-the-alberta-infant-motor-scale-validity-and-reliability-analysis
#11
Erica Morales-Monforte, Caridad Bagur-Calafat, Neus Suc-Lerin, Montserrat Fornaguera-Martí, Engracia Cazorla-Sánchez, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés
OBJECTIVES: Validity and reliability of the cross-cultural adaptive translation of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), to monitor gross motor development in infants from 0 to 18 months of age, were evaluated. METHODS: A cross-cultural translation was used to generate a Spanish version of the AIMS. Fifty infants at risk or with diagnosis of motor delay, 0-18 months of age, participated in this study. Two independent physical therapists scored infants on the AIMS...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117498/factors-that-explain-the-cancer-related-insomnia
#12
Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Angélica Ariza-Garcia, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Andrés J Fernández-Fernández, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva
A better understanding of cancer related insomnia and its relationship with other associated factors is necessary to improve its management. To clarify the relationship between insomnia and treatment related variables, sociodemographic data, health related fitness, pain, anxiety, and depression in breast cancer patients. One hundred twenty-three patients participated in this cross-sectional study. As a primary variable was insomnia using The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 version...
January 24, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114336/factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-mexican-lupus-patients-using-the-lupusqol
#13
I Etchegaray-Morales, S Méndez-Martínez, C Jiménez-Hernández, C Mendoza-Pinto, N E Alonso-García, A Montiel-Jarquín, A López-Colombo, A García-Villaseñor, M H Cardiel, M García-Carrasco
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is affected by numerous clinical variables, including disease activity, damage, fibromyalgia, depression and anxiety. However, these associations have not yet been described in Mexican patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between disease activity, damage, depression and fibromyalgia and HRQOL measured by the LupusQoL-instrument in Mexican patients with SLE. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in women fulfilling the 1997 ACR classification criteria for SLE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111495/public-attitudes-on-the-ethics-of-deceptively-planting-false-memories-to-motivate-healthy-behavior
#14
Robert A Nash, Shari R Berkowitz, Simon Roche
Researchers have proposed that planting false memories could have positive behavioral consequences. The idea of deceptively planting 'beneficial' false memories outside of the laboratory raises important ethical questions, but how might the general public appraise this moral dilemma? In two studies, participants from the USA and UK read about a fictional 'false-memory therapy' that led people to adopt healthy behaviors. Participants then reported their attitudes toward the acceptability of this therapy, via scale-rating (both studies) and open-text (study 2) responses...
November 2016: Applied Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107034/automated-measurement-of-magnesium-calcium-ratios-in-gastropod-shells-using-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-for-paleoclimatic-applications
#15
Adolfo Cobo, Asier García-Escárzaga, Igor Gutiérrez-Zugasti, Jesús Setién, Manuel R González-Morales, José Miguel López-Higuera
The chemical composition of mollusk shells offers information about environmental conditions present during the lifespan of the organism. Shells found in geological deposits and in many archeological sites can help to reconstruct past climatic conditions. For example, a correlation has been found between seawater temperature and the amount of some substituent elements (e.g., magnesium, strontium) in the biogenerated calcium carbonate matrix of the shell, although it is very species-specific. Here we propose the use laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) to estimate Mg/Ca ratios in modern specimens of the common limpet Patella vulgata...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105498/destination-memory-and-deception-when-i-lie-to-barack-obama-about-the-moon
#16
Mohamad El Haj, Xavier Saloppé, Jean Louis Nandrino
This study investigates whether deceivers demonstrate high memory of the person to whom lies have been told (i.e., high destination memory). Participants were asked to tell true information (e.g., the heart is a vital organ) and false information (e.g., the moon is bigger than the sun) to pictures of famous people (e.g., Barack Obama) and, in a subsequent recognition test, they had to remember to whom each type of information had previously been told. Participants were also assessed on a deception scale to divide them into two populations (i...
January 20, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092250/-osteoarthrosis-implementation-of-current-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-algorithms
#17
Gilberto Meza-Reyes, Jorge Aldrete-Velasco, Rolando Espinosa-Morales, Fernando Torres-Roldán, Alejandro Díaz-Borjón, Manuel Robles-San Román
In the modern world, among the different clinical presentations of osteoarthritis, gonarthrosis and coxarthrosis exhibit the highest prevalence. In this paper, the characteristics of osteoarthritis and the different scales of assessment and classification of this pathology are exposed, to provide an exhibition of current evidence generated around diagnostic algorithms and treatment of osteoarthritis, with emphasis set out in the knee and hip, as these are the most frequent; a rational procedure for monitoring patients with osteoarthritis based on characteristic symptoms and the severity of the condition is also set...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061003/is-it-advisable-to-include-negative-attributes-to-assess-the-stereotype-content-yes-but-only-in-the-morality-dimension
#18
Pablo Sayans-Jiménez, Antonio José Rojas Tejada, Isabel Cuadrado Guirado
Competence, morality and sociability dimensions have shown to be essential to measure stereotypes. Theoretically, the attributes associated with the negative pole of morality are more reliable and have shown to have higher evaluative weight. However, the current research usually employs only positive attributes to measure each dimension. Since the advantages of the inclusion of negative morality are clear it would be interesting to know about the effects of the inclusion of such type of attributes (i.e., it is good or bad for the measurement)...
January 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058140/predictive-value-of-brain-arrest-neurological-outcome-scale-branos-on-mortality-and-morbidity-after-cardiac-arrest
#19
Cengiz Şahutoğlu, Mehmet Uyar, Kubilay Demirağ, Hasan İsayev, Ali Reşat Moral
OBJECTIVE: There are several prediction scales and parameters for prognosis after a cardiac arrest. One of these scales is the brain arrest neurological outcome scale (BrANOS), which consists of duration of cardiac arrest, Glasgow Coma Scale score and Hounsfield unit measured on cranial computed tomography (CT) scan. The objective of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of BrANOS on predicting the mortality and disability after a cardiac arrest. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated cardiac arrest patients who were hospitalized in our intensive care unit (ICU) within a 3-year period...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055262/cross-cultural-validity-of-morningness-eveningness-stability-scale-improved-messi-in-iran-spain-and-germany
#20
Arash Rahafar, Christoph Randler, Juan F Díaz-Morales, Ali Kasaeian, Zeinab Heidari
Morningness-Eveningness Stability Scale improved (MESSi) is a newly constructed measure to assess circadian types and amplitude. In this study, we applied this measure to participants from three different countries: Germany, Spain and Iran. Confirmatory factorial analysis (CFA) of MESSi displayed mediocre fit in the three countries. Comparing increasingly stringent models using multigroup confirmatory factor analyses indicated at least partial measurement invariance (metric invariance) by country for Morning Affect and Distinctness subscales...
2017: Chronobiology International
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