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Louis H Du Preez, Mathieu Badets, Laurent Héritier, Olivier Verneau
BACKGROUND: Polystomatid flatworms in chelonians are divided into three genera, i.e. Polystomoides Ward, 1917, Polystomoidella Price, 1939 and Neopolystoma Price, 1939, according to the number of haptoral hooks. Among the about 55 polystome species that are known to date from the 327 modern living chelonians, only four species of Polystomoides are currently recognised within the 45 South American freshwater turtles. METHODS: During 2012, several sites in the vicinity of the cities Cayenne and Kaw in French Guiana were investigated for freshwater turtles...
January 31, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Narcisse Elenga, Marion Folin, Yves-Marie Vandamme, Emma Cuadro-Alvarez, Laurence Long, Falucar Njuieyon, Elise Martin, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Antoine Defo, Sitraka Herinantenaina Razafindrakoto, Yajaira Mrsic, Pierre Couppie, Mathieu Nacher, Julie Dufour
BACKGROUND: Fever in infants younger than 3 months is generally a cause for concern because of the risk for a serious bacterial infection. The aim of this study was to describe clinical and biological features of Chikungunya infection in infants < 3 months of age hospitalized in Cayenne Hospital during the 2014-2015 outbreak. METHODS: We performed a preliminary retrospective study followed by a prospective study from March 2014 to February 2015. All infants younger than 3 months presenting with fever and hospitalized in Cayenne Hospital were included...
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Talwinder S Kahlon, Roberto J Avena-Bustillos, Mei-Chen M Chiu
Sensory evaluation of quinoa gluten-free whole grain low fat and salt snacks was conducted. The snacks were Quinoa, Quinoa-Cayenne Pepper, Quinoa-Ginger and Quinoa-Turmeric. Cayenne pepper, ginger and turmeric are common spices that contain health promoting nutrients. Cayenne pepper has been associated with enhancing heat production. Ginger has been reported to improve blood flow and prevent joint pains. Turmeric has been observed to have wound healing potential. All the snacks contained 6% corn oil and 2% salt...
December 2016: Heliyon
Antoine Adde, Isabelle Dusfour, Emmanuel Roux, Romain Girod, Sébastien Briolant
Little is known about the Anopheles species of the coastal areas of French Guiana, or their spatiotemporal distribution or environmental determinants. The present study aimed to (1) document the distribution of Anopheles fauna in the coastal area around Cayenne, and (2) investigate the use of remotely sensed land cover data as proxies of Anopheles presence. To characterise the Anopheles fauna, we combined the findings of two entomological surveys that were conducted during the period 2007-2009 and in 2014 at 37 sites...
December 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Jana Kazandjieva, Dimitar Antonov, Jivko Kamarashev, Nikolai Tsankov
Purpuric lesions appear in acral distribution in a variety of conditions and often provide clues to the clinical diagnosis. Purpuric means "hemorrhagic"-that is, the lesions do not blanch from pressure. This review focuses on dermatoses that produce hemorrhagic lesions in acral distribution from the large groups of the vasculitic diseases and their mimics. Cutaneous small vessel vasculitis is confined to the skin, involves mainly postcapillary venules, and has the hallmark manifestation of palpable purpura...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
Udo Bonnet, Claudia Selle, Katrin Isbruch, Katrin Isbruch
BACKGROUND: It is unusual for purpura to emerge as a result of drinking alcohol. Such a peculiarity was observed in a 55-year-old man with a 30-year history of heavy alcohol use. CASE PRESENTATION: The Caucasian patient was studied for 11 years during several detoxification treatments. During the last 2 years of that period, purpuric rashes were newly observed. The asymptomatic purpura was limited to both lower limbs, self-limiting with abstinence, and reoccurring swiftly with alcohol relapse...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Warren R Heymann
A 68-year-old woman presented with an asymptomatic eruption predominantly on the proximal pretibial region of the right lower extremity, which had been present for many months. Her medical history was remarkable for diabetes and hypothyroidism. Physical examination demonstrated "cayenne pepper"-like brown macules, scattered petechiae, and multiple minute, blanching telangiectasias (Figure 1) that were more evident on dermatoscopy (Figure 2). The clinical differential diagnosis included a benign pigmented purpura (BBP; Schamberg type), telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, essential telangiectasia, and cutaneous collagenous vasculopathy (CCV)...
2016: Skinmed
Rawaa H K Al-Isawi, Miklas Scholz, Furat A M Al-Faraj
In order to avoid environmental pollution and eliminate the need for using fertiliser, this study assessed for the first time the optimum performance of mature (in operation since 2011) vertical flow constructed wetlands in treating domestic wastewater (with and without hydrocarbon) and the subsequent recycling of the outflow to irrigate chillies (De Cayenne; Capsicum annuum (Linnaeus) Longum Group 'De Cayenne') grown in a greenhouse. Various variables were investigated to assess the treatment performance. Concerning chilli fruit numbers, findings showed that the highest fruit yields for all wetland filters were associated with those that received inflow wastewater with a high loading rate, reflecting the high nutrient availability in treated wastewater, which is of obvious importance for yield production...
December 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Narcisse Elenga, Aurélie Adeline, John Balcaen, Tania Vaz, Mélanie Calvez, Anne Terraz, Laetitia Accrombessi, Gabriel Carles
Sickle cell disease is a serious genetic disorder affecting 1/235 births in French Guiana. This study aimed to describe the follow-up of pregnancies among sickle cell disease patients in Cayenne Hospital, in order to highlight the most reported complications. 62 records of pregnancies were analyzed among 44 females with sickle cell disease, between 2007 and 2013. Our results were compared to those of studies conducted in Brazil and Guadeloupe. There were 61 monofetal pregnancies and 2 twin pregnancies, 27 pregnancies among women with SS phenotype, 30 SC pregnancies, and five S-beta pregnancies...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Raimi M Redwan, Akzam Saidin, S Vijay Kumar
The introduction of the elite pineapple variety, MD-2, has caused a significant market shift in the pineapple industry. Better productivity, overall increased in fruit quality and taste, resilience to chilled storage and resistance to internal browning are among the key advantages of the MD-2 as compared with its previous predecessor, the Smooth Cayenne. Here, we present the genome sequence of the MD-2 pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.) by using the hybrid sequencing technology from two highly reputable platforms, i...
July 3, 2016: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
Aba Mahamat, Xavier Bertrand, Brigitte Moreau, Didier Hommel, Pierre Couppie, Christine Simonnet, Hatem Kallel, Magalie Demar, Felix Djossou, Mathieu Nacher
This study investigated the clinical epidemiology and resistance mechanisms of Acinetobacter baumannii and characterised the clonal diversity of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) during an ICU-associated outbreak at Cayenne Hospital, French Guiana. All non-duplicate A. baumannii isolates from 2008 to 2014 were tested for antibiotic susceptibility by disk diffusion. Multilocus sequence typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and characterisation of carbapenemase-encoding genes were performed on CRAB...
July 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Rawaa H K Al-Isawi, Suhad A A A N Almuktar, Miklas Scholz
This study examines the benefits and risks associated with various types of wastewater recycled for vegetable garden irrigation and proposes the best water source in terms of its water quality impact on crop yields. The aim was to evaluate the usability of river, rain, gully pot, real grey and artificial grey waters to water crops. The objectives were to evaluate variables and boundary conditions influencing the growth of chillies (De Cayenne; Capsicum annuum (Linnaeus) Longum Group 'De Cayenne') both in the laboratory and in the greenhouse...
May 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Matthew J Pavlovich, Emily E Dunn, Adam B Hall
RATIONALE: Commercial spices represent an emerging class of fuels for improvised explosives. Being able to classify such spices not only by type but also by brand would represent an important step in developing methods to analytically investigate these explosive compositions. Therefore, a combined ambient mass spectrometric/chemometric approach was developed to quickly and accurately classify commercial spices by brand. METHODS: Direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (DART-MS) was used to generate mass spectra for samples of black pepper, cayenne pepper, and turmeric, along with four different brands of cinnamon, all dissolved in methanol...
May 15, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Félix Djossou, Guillaume Vesin, Bastien Bidaud, Emilie Mosnier, Christine Simonnet, Séverine Matheus, Christelle Prince, John Balcaen, Gerd Donutil, Gérald Egmann, Antoine Okandze, Denis Malvy, Mathieu Nacher
INTRODUCTION: The frequency, the clinical characteristics, and the prognosis of dengue is highly variable. Dengue fever is associated with a range of neurological manifestations. The objective of the present study was to determine the incidence of neurological signs and their predictive factors using data from cases of dengue seen and followed in Cayenne Hospital during the Dengue 2 epidemic in 2013. METHODS: In 2013, a longitudinal study using data from all cases of dengue seen in Cayenne hospital was collected...
2016: PloS One
Leila G Saldanha, Johanna T Dwyer, Joseph M Betz
Dried plant parts used as culinary spices (CSs) in food are permitted as dietary ingredients in dietary supplements (DSs) within certain constraints in the United States. We reviewed the amounts, forms, and nutritional support (structure/function) claims of DSs that contain CS plants listed in the Dietary Supplement Label Database (DSLD) and compared this label information with trial doses and health endpoints for CS plants that were the subject of clinical trials listed in According to the DSLD, the CS plants occurring most frequently in DSs were cayenne, cinnamon, garlic, ginger, pepper, rosemary, and turmeric...
March 2016: Advances in Nutrition
Mona Ali Mohamed, Emmanuel Edwar Siddig, Arwa Hassan Elaagip, Ali Mahmoud Mohammed Edris, Awad Ahmed Nasr
BACKGROUND: Fresh vegetables are considered as vital nutrients of a healthy diet as they supply the body with essential supplements. The consumption of raw vegetables is the main way for transmission of intestinal parasitic organisms. This study was aimed at detecting the parasitic contamination in fresh vegetables sold in two central open-aired markets in Khartoum state, Sudan. METHODS: In this prospective cross-sectional study, a total of 260 fresh vegetable samples and 50 water samples used to sprinkle vegetable(s) were collected from two central open-aired markets (namely; Elshaabi and Central markets) during November 2011 to May 2012...
March 11, 2016: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Nejc Sarabon
Munari powder is broadly used in physical medicine and rehabilitation to decrease pain and help normalize sensory-motor function. It operates as TPRV1 agonist and "stops" generation of action potentials in pain nerve fibers. This is a short report of a pilot study on 20 subjects. Every subject underwent four visits to our laboratory, where the Munari applications and related measurements of its effects took place. Each of the healthy adults received the following applications: (1) placebo, i.e. 0% cayenne pepper mixture, consisting only of water and kaolin, (2) weak, i...
September 11, 2015: European Journal of Translational Myology
Félix Djossou, Guillaume Vesin, Gaelle Walter, Loïc Epelboin, Emilie Mosnier, Bastien Bidaud, Philippe Abboud, Antoine Okandze, Severine Mattheus, Narcisse Elenga, Magalie Demar, Denis Malvy, Mathieu Nacher
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to determine the incidence of transaminase elevation during dengue, and its predictive factors. METHODS: In 2013, a longitudinal study was performed using data from all cases of dengue seen in Cayenne Hospital. Cox proportional modeling was used. Signs of major transaminase elevation were defined as an increase in aspartate amino transferase (AST) or alanine amino transferase (ALT) concentration over 10 times the normal value (10N)...
February 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Larissa Valmy, Barbara Gontier, Marie Claire Parriault, Astrid Van Melle, Thomas Pavlovsky, Célia Basurko, Claire Grenier, Maylis Douine, Antoine Adenis, Mathieu Nacher
BACKGROUND: Access to health care is a global public problem. In French Guiana, there exists social inequalities which are specially marked amongst immigrants who make up a third of the population. Health care inequalities are prevalent. The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with why health care amongst the poor population of Cayenne was renounced. The study was cross sectional. It focused on knowledge, attitudes, practices and beliefs of the population living in poor neighborhoods of the Cayenne area...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Lin Zhou, Tracie Matsumoto, Hua-Wei Tan, Lyndel W Meinhardt, Sue Mischke, Boyi Wang, Dapeng Zhang
Pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) is the third most important tropical fruit in the world after banana and mango. As a crop with vegetative propagation, genetic redundancy is a major challenge for efficient genebank management and in breeding. Using expressed sequence tag and nucleotide sequences from public databases, we developed 213 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and validated 96 SNPs by genotyping the United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service pineapple germplasm collection, maintained in Hilo, Hawaii...
2015: Horticulture Research
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