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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196013/the-potential-of-herbs-and-spices-to-reduce-lipid-oxidation-during-heating-and-gastrointestinal-digestion-of-a-beef-product
#1
T Van Hecke, P L Ho, S Goethals, S De Smet
Here we tested the potential of ten culinary herbs (basil, oregano, rosemary and thyme) and spices (black pepper, cayenne pepper, cumin, curcuma, garlic and sweet paprika) to limit oxidation during cooking of a high-fat beef product, and during its subsequent in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. The herbs and spices were added separately at 0.5% and 1% (w/w), either during meat processing before heating of the product or after heating of the meat as a seasoning. Lipid oxidation was evaluated by malondialdehyde, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and hexanal quantification in the meat products and gastrointestinal digests...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169242/lag-schedules-and-functional-communication-training-persistence-of-mands-and-relapse-of-problem-behavior
#2
Terry S Falcomata, Colin S Muething, Bryant C Silbaugh, Summer Adami, Katherine Hoffman, Cayenne Shpall, Joel E Ringdahl
We evaluated the effects of lag schedules of reinforcement and functional communication training (FCT) on mand variability and problem behavior in two children with autism spectrum disorder. Specifically, we implemented FCT with increasing lag schedules and compared its effects on problem behavior with baseline conditions. The results showed that both participants exhibited low rates of problem behavior during treatment relative to baseline during and following schedule thinning (up to a Lag 5 schedule arrangement)...
November 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981375/prevalence-of-salmonella-in-11-spices-offered-for-sale-from-retail-establishments-and-in-imported-shipments-offered-for-entry-to-the-united-states
#3
Guodong Zhang, Lijun Hu, Régis Pouillot, Aparna Tatavarthy, Jane M Van Doren, Daria Kleinmeier, George C Ziobro, David Melka, Hua Wang, Eric W Brown, Errol Strain, Vincent K Bunning, Steven M Musser, Thomas S Hammack
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration conducted a survey to evaluate Salmonella prevalence and aerobic plate counts in packaged (dried) spices offered for sale at retail establishments in the United States. The study included 7,250 retail samples of 11 spice types that were collected during November 2013 to September 2014 and October 2014 to March 2015. No Salmonella-positive samples (based on analysis of 125 g) were found among retail samples of cumin seed (whole or ground), sesame seed (whole, not roasted or toasted, and not black), and white pepper (ground or cracked), for prevalence estimates of 0...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938048/a-predictive-score-for-hypotension-in-patients-with-confirmed-dengue-fever-in-cayenne-hospital-french-guiana
#4
Félix Djossou, Guillaume Vesin, Narcisse Elenga, Magalie Demar, Loïc Epelboin, Gaëlle Walter, Philippe Abboud, Thierry Le-Guen, Dominique Rousset, Brigitte Moreau, Aba Mahamat, Denis Malvy, Mathieu Nacher
Background: Identifying patients at risk of developing severe dengue is challenging. The objective of the present study was to determine the incidence of hypotension and its predictive factors during the Dengue 2 epidemic in 2013. Methods: In 2013, a longitudinal study was performed using data from all confirmed cases of dengue seen in Cayenne General Hospital. The analysis used Cox proportional modeling to obtain adjusted hazards ratios for hypotension. Results: A total of 806 confirmed patients were included 78 (9...
December 1, 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808381/characterization-antibacterial-and-antioxidant-properties-of-silver-nanoparticles-synthesized-from-aqueous-extracts-of-allium-sativum-zingiber-officinale-and-capsicum-frutescens
#5
Gloria Aderonke Otunola, Anthony Jide Afolayan, Emmanuel Olusegun Ajayi, Samuel Wale Odeyemi
BACKGROUND: Herbal drug delivery is limited by poor solubility and bioavailability which can be overcome with suitable nanomaterials that will enhance their pharmacokinetics and performance. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the synthesis, characterization, and biological activities of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from three spices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AgNPs were prepared using 0.1 M silver nitrate and aqueous extracts of Allium sativum L...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678344/prebiotic-potential-and-chemical-composition-of-seven-culinary-spice-extracts
#6
Qing-Yi Lu, Paula H Summanen, Ru-Po Lee, Jianjun Huang, Susanne M Henning, David Heber, Sydney M Finegold, Zhaoping Li
The objective of this study was to investigate prebiotic potential, chemical composition, and antioxidant capacity of spice extracts. Seven culinary spices including black pepper, cayenne pepper, cinnamon, ginger, Mediterranean oregano, rosemary, and turmeric were extracted with boiling water. Major chemical constituents were characterized by RP-HPLC-DAD method and antioxidant capacity was determined by measuring colorimetrically the extent to scavenge ABTS radical cations. Effects of spice extracts on the viability of 88 anaerobic and facultative isolates from intestinal microbiota were determined by using Brucella agar plates containing serial dilutions of extracts...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460236/trophic-ecology-drives-contaminant-concentrations-within-a-tropical-seabird-community
#7
Manrico Sebastiano, Paco Bustamante, Igor Eulaers, Govindan Malarvannan, Paula Mendez-Fernandez, Carine Churlaud, Pierre Blévin, Antoine Hauselmann, Adrian Covaci, Marcel Eens, David Costantini, Olivier Chastel
To support environmental management programs, there is an urgent need to know about the presence and understand the dynamics of major contaminants in seabird communities of key marine ecosystems. In this study, we investigated the concentrations and trophodynamics of trace elements in six seabird species and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in three seabird species breeding on Grand Connétable Island (French Guiana), an area where the increase in human population and mining activities has raised concerns in recent years...
August 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399324/comparison-of-anteromedial-and-transtibial-acl-reconstruction-using-expandable-fixation
#8
Omer Ozel, Bulent Yucel, Osman Orman, Emre Demircay, Serhat Mutlu
The influence of anatomical or nonanatomical femoral tunnel position on tunnel widening and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is not fully understood. This retrospective study examined the influence of tunnel width and placement on anterior knee stability and clinical outcomes after ACL reconstruction using the AperFix System (Cayenne Medical Inc, Scottsdale, Arizona), a direct expandable fixation technique with autologous hamstring grafts. The records of 80 patients (79 men and 1 woman) who underwent ACL reconstruction were evaluated...
May 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347829/as-vivid-as-a-weed%C3%A2-medicinal-and-cosmetic-plant-uses-amongst-the-urban-youth-in-french-guiana
#9
Marc Alexandre Tareau, Marianne Palisse, Guillaume Odonne
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: French Guiana is a French overseas territory with a rich history of migration that has led to a highly intercultural society. Today, its population is one of the youngest in the French territory and is rapidly increasing. Despite a context of cultural revival seeking "tradition", a distanced baseline of local practices is still lacking. This work addresses some aspects of the cultural hybridizations in progress in urban areas. METHODS: Semi directed interviews were conducted with willing participants aged between 18 and 40...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143592/tracking-platyhelminth-parasite-diversity-from-freshwater-turtles-in-french-guiana-first-report-of-neopolystoma-price-1939%C3%A2-monogenea-polystomatidae-with-the-description-of-three-new-species
#10
Louis H Du Preez, Mathieu Badets, Laurent Héritier, Olivier Verneau
BACKGROUND: Polystomatid flatworms in chelonians are divided into three genera, i.e. Polystomoides Ward, 1917, Polystomoidella Price, 1939 and Neopolystoma Price, 1939, according to the number of haptoral hooks. Among the about 55 polystome species that are known to date from the 327 modern living chelonians, only four species of Polystomoides are currently recognised within the 45 South American freshwater turtles. METHODS: During 2012, several sites in the vicinity of the cities Cayenne and Kaw in French Guiana were investigated for freshwater turtles...
January 31, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060043/chikungunya-infection-in-hospitalized-febrile-infants-younger-than-3-months-of-age
#11
Narcisse Elenga, Marion Folin, Yves-Marie Vandamme, Emma Cuadro-Alvarez, Laurence Long, Falucar Njuieyon, Elise Martin, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Antoine Defo, Sitraka Herinantenaina Razafindrakoto, Yajaira Mrsic, Pierre Couppie, Mathieu Nacher, Julie Dufour
BACKGROUND: Fever in infants younger than 3 months is generally a cause for concern because of the risk for a serious bacterial infection. The aim of this study was to describe clinical and biologic features of Chikungunya infection in infants <3 months of age hospitalized in Cayenne Hospital during the 2014-2015 outbreak. METHODS: We performed a preliminary retrospective study followed by a prospective study from March 2014 to February 2015. All infants younger than 3 months presenting with fever and hospitalized in Cayenne Hospital were included...
August 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054034/sensory-evaluation-of-gluten-free-quinoa-whole-grain-snacks
#12
Talwinder S Kahlon, Roberto J Avena-Bustillos, Mei-Chen M Chiu
Sensory evaluation of quinoa gluten-free whole grain low fat and salt snacks was conducted. The snacks were Quinoa, Quinoa-Cayenne Pepper, Quinoa-Ginger and Quinoa-Turmeric. Cayenne pepper, ginger and turmeric are common spices that contain health promoting nutrients. Cayenne pepper has been associated with enhancing heat production. Ginger has been reported to improve blood flow and prevent joint pains. Turmeric has been observed to have wound healing potential. All the snacks contained 6% corn oil and 2% salt...
December 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982304/anopheles-fauna-of-coastal-cayenne-french-guiana-modelling-and-mapping-of-species-presence-using-remotely-sensed-land-cover-data
#13
Antoine Adde, Isabelle Dusfour, Emmanuel Roux, Romain Girod, Sébastien Briolant
Little is known about the Anopheles species of the coastal areas of French Guiana, or their spatiotemporal distribution or environmental determinants. The present study aimed to (1) document the distribution of Anopheles fauna in the coastal area around Cayenne, and (2) investigate the use of remotely sensed land cover data as proxies of Anopheles presence. To characterise the Anopheles fauna, we combined the findings of two entomological surveys that were conducted during the period 2007-2009 and in 2014 at 37 sites...
December 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938815/acrally-distributed-dermatoses-vascular-dermatoses-purpura-and-vasculitis
#14
REVIEW
Jana Kazandjieva, Dimitar Antonov, Jivko Kamarashev, Nikolai Tsankov
Purpuric lesions appear in acral distribution in a variety of conditions and often provide clues to the clinical diagnosis. Purpuric means "hemorrhagic"-that is, the lesions do not blanch from pressure. This review focuses on dermatoses that produce hemorrhagic lesions in acral distribution from the large groups of the vasculitic diseases and their mimics. Cutaneous small vessel vasculitis is confined to the skin, involves mainly postcapillary venules, and has the hallmark manifestation of palpable purpura...
January 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799068/recurrent-purpura-due-to-alcohol-related-schamberg-s-disease-and-its-association-with-serum-immunoglobulins-a-longitudinal-observation-of-a-heavy-drinker
#15
Udo Bonnet, Claudia Selle, Katrin Isbruch, Katrin Isbruch
BACKGROUND: It is unusual for purpura to emerge as a result of drinking alcohol. Such a peculiarity was observed in a 55-year-old man with a 30-year history of heavy alcohol use. CASE PRESENTATION: The Caucasian patient was studied for 11 years during several detoxification treatments. During the last 2 years of that period, purpuric rashes were newly observed. The asymptomatic purpura was limited to both lower limbs, self-limiting with abstinence, and reoccurring swiftly with alcohol relapse...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784525/cutaneous-collagenous-vasculopathy-associated-benign-pigmented-purpura
#16
Warren R Heymann
A 68-year-old woman presented with an asymptomatic eruption predominantly on the proximal pretibial region of the right lower extremity, which had been present for many months. Her medical history was remarkable for diabetes and hypothyroidism. Physical examination demonstrated "cayenne pepper"-like brown macules, scattered petechiae, and multiple minute, blanching telangiectasias (Figure 1) that were more evident on dermatoscopy (Figure 2). The clinical differential diagnosis included a benign pigmented purpura (BBP; Schamberg type), telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, essential telangiectasia, and cutaneous collagenous vasculopathy (CCV)...
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677991/assessment-of-diesel-contaminated-domestic-wastewater-treated-by-constructed-wetlands-for-irrigation-of-chillies-grown-in-a-greenhouse
#17
Rawaa H K Al-Isawi, Miklas Scholz, Furat A M Al-Faraj
In order to avoid environmental pollution and eliminate the need for using fertiliser, this study assessed for the first time the optimum performance of mature (in operation since 2011) vertical flow constructed wetlands in treating domestic wastewater (with and without hydrocarbon) and the subsequent recycling of the outflow to irrigate chillies (De Cayenne; Capsicum annuum (Linnaeus) Longum Group 'De Cayenne') grown in a greenhouse. Various variables were investigated to assess the treatment performance. Concerning chilli fruit numbers, findings showed that the highest fruit yields for all wetland filters were associated with those that received inflow wastewater with a high loading rate, reflecting the high nutrient availability in treated wastewater, which is of obvious importance for yield production...
December 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403164/pregnancy-in-sickle-cell-disease-is-a-very-high-risk-situation-an-observational-study
#18
Narcisse Elenga, Aurélie Adeline, John Balcaen, Tania Vaz, Mélanie Calvez, Anne Terraz, Laetitia Accrombessi, Gabriel Carles
Sickle cell disease is a serious genetic disorder affecting 1/235 births in French Guiana. This study aimed to describe the follow-up of pregnancies among sickle cell disease patients in Cayenne Hospital, in order to highlight the most reported complications. 62 records of pregnancies were analyzed among 44 females with sickle cell disease, between 2007 and 2013. Our results were compared to those of studies conducted in Brazil and Guadeloupe. There were 61 monofetal pregnancies and 2 twin pregnancies, 27 pregnancies among women with SS phenotype, 30 SC pregnancies, and five S-beta pregnancies...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374615/the-draft-genome-of-md-2-pineapple-using-hybrid-error-correction-of-long-reads
#19
Raimi M Redwan, Akzam Saidin, S Vijay Kumar
The introduction of the elite pineapple variety, MD-2, has caused a significant market shift in the pineapple industry. Better productivity, overall increased in fruit quality and taste, resilience to chilled storage and resistance to internal browning are among the key advantages of the MD-2 as compared with its previous predecessor, the Smooth Cayenne. Here, we present the genome sequence of the MD-2 pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.) by using the hybrid sequencing technology from two highly reputable platforms, i...
July 3, 2016: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236843/clinical-epidemiology-and-resistance-mechanisms-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-french-guiana-2008-2014
#20
Aba Mahamat, Xavier Bertrand, Brigitte Moreau, Didier Hommel, Pierre Couppie, Christine Simonnet, Hatem Kallel, Magalie Demar, Felix Djossou, Mathieu Nacher
This study investigated the clinical epidemiology and resistance mechanisms of Acinetobacter baumannii and characterised the clonal diversity of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) during an ICU-associated outbreak at Cayenne Hospital, French Guiana. All non-duplicate A. baumannii isolates from 2008 to 2014 were tested for antibiotic susceptibility by disk diffusion. Multilocus sequence typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and characterisation of carbapenemase-encoding genes were performed on CRAB...
July 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
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