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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938158/directional-migration-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-escc-is-epigenetically-regulated-by-set-nuclear-oncogene-a-member-of-the-inhibitor-of-histone-acetyltransferase-complex
#1
Xiang Yuan, Xinshuai Wang, Bianli Gu, Yingjian Ma, Yiwen Liu, Man Sun, Jinyu Kong, Wei Sun, Huizhi Wang, Fuyou Zhou, Shegan Gao
Directional cell migration is of fundamental importance to a variety of biological events, including metastasis of malignant cells. Herein, we specifically investigated SET oncoprotein, a subunit of the recently identified inhibitor of acetyltransferases (INHAT) complex and identified its role in the establishment of front-rear cell polarity and directional migration in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (ESCC). We further define the molecular circuits that govern these processes by showing that SET modulated DOCK7/RAC1 and cofilin signaling events...
September 19, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932813/14-3-3-regulates-actin-filament-formation-in-the-deep-branching-eukaryote-giardia-lamblia
#2
Jana Krtková, Jennifer Xu, Marco Lalle, Melissa Steele-Ogus, Germain C M Alas, David Sept, Alexander R Paredez
The phosphoserine/phosphothreonine-binding protein 14-3-3 is known to regulate actin; this function has been previously attributed to sequestration of phosphorylated cofilin. 14-3-3 was identified as an actin-associated protein in the deep-branching eukaryote Giardia lamblia; however, Giardia lacks cofilin and all other canonical actin-binding proteins (ABPs). Thus, the role of G. lamblia 14-3-3 (Gl-14-3-3) in actin regulation was unknown. Gl-14-3-3 depletion resulted in an overall disruption of actin organization characterized by ectopically distributed short actin filaments...
September 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927046/celastrus-orbiculatus-extract-suppresses-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-by-mediating-cytoskeleton-rearrangement-via-inhibition-of-the-cofilin-1-signaling-pathway-in-human-gastric-cancer
#3
Haibo Wang, Hao Gu, Jun Feng, Yayun Qian, Lin Yang, Feng Jin, Xuanyi Wang, Jue Chen, Youyang Shi, Songhua Lu, Min Zhao, Yanqing Liu
Celastrus orbiculatus is a traditional medicinal plant used in the anti-inflammatory and analgesic treatment of various diseases. A previous study demonstrated that ethyl acetate extract of C. orbiculatus (COE) exhibited significant antitumor effects. However, studies concerning the effects and mechanism of COE in terms of suppressing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human gastric adenocarcinoma cells have not been performed at present. The present study hypothesized that COE may inhibit EMT in gastric adenocarcinoma cells by regulating cell cytoskeleton rearrangement...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912711/increased-hippocampal-probdnf-contributes-to-memory-impairments-in-aged-mice
#4
Mona Buhusi, Chris Etheredge, Ann-Charlotte Granholm, Catalin V Buhusi
Memory decline during aging or accompanying neurodegenerative diseases, represents a major health problem. Neurotrophins have long been considered relevant to the mechanisms of aging-associated cognitive decline and neurodegeneration. Mature Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) and its precursor (proBDNF) can both be secreted in response to neuronal activity and exert opposing effects on neuronal physiology and plasticity. In this study, biochemical analyses revealed that increased levels of proBDNF are present in the aged mouse hippocampus relative to young and that the level of hippocampal proBDNF inversely correlates with the ability to perform in a spatial memory task, the water radial arm maze (WRAM)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912445/cofilin-mediated-neuronal-apoptosis-via-p53-translocation-and-pld1-regulation
#5
Tian Liu, Fang Wang, Patrick LePochat, Jung-A A Woo, Mohammed Zaheen Bukhari, Kyung Woo Hong, Courtney Trotter, David E Kang
Amyloid β (Aβ) accumulation is an early event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), leading to mitochondrial and synaptic dysfunction, tau accumulation, and eventual neuronal death. While the p53 apoptotic pathway has clearly been associated with Aβ deposits and neuronal apoptosis, the critical upstream factors contributing to p53 activation in AD are not well understood. We have previously shown that cofilin activation plays a pivotal role in Aβ-induced mitochondrial and synaptic dysfunction...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903403/cofilin-1-and-phosphoglycerate-kinase-1-as-promising-indicators-for-glioma-radiosensibility-and-prognosis
#6
Wenbo Sun, Hua Yan, Chunfa Qian, Chenhan Wang, Mengjie Zhao, Yuchi Liu, Yujie Zhong, Hongyi Liu, Hong Xiao
Glioma is a primary malignancy in central nervous system. Radiotherapy has been used as one of the standard treatments for glioma for decades. Since radioresistance can reduce the curative efficacy of radiotherapy in glioma, investigating the cause of radioresistance and predicting the tumour radiosensibility appeared particularly important. We previously reported that CFL1 and PGK1 are over-expressed in radioresistant U251 glioma cells. In this study, the level of CFL1 and PGK1 of 113 glioma tissues were measured by ELISA method...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899515/the-water-extract-of-liuwei-dihuang-possesses-multi-protective-properties-on-neurons-and-muscle-tissue-against-deficiency-of-survival-motor-neuron-protein
#7
Yu-Ting Tseng, Yuh-Jyh Jong, Wei-Fang Liang, Fang-Rong Chang, Yi-Ching Lo
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of survival motor neuron (SMN) protein, which is encoded by the SMN1 and SMN2 genes, induces widespread splicing defects mainly in spinal motor neurons, and leads to spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Currently, there is no effective treatment for SMA. Liuwei dihuang (LWDH), a traditional Chinese herbal formula, possesses multiple therapeutic benefits against various diseases via modulation of the nervous, immune and endocrine systems. Previously, we demonstrated water extract of LWDH (LWDH-WE) protects dopaminergic neurons and improves motor activity in models of Parkinson's disease...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893092/salvianolic-acid-a-a-component-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-attenuates-endothelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-hpaecs-induced-by-hypoxia
#8
Tianyi Yuan, Yucai Chen, Huifang Zhang, Lianhua Fang, Guanhua Du
Salvianolic acid A (SAA), a polyphenols acid, is a bioactive ingredient from a traditional Chinese medicine called Dan shen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza Bunge). According to previous studies, it was shown to have various effects such as anti-oxidative stress, antidiabetic complications and antipulmonary hypertension. This study aimed to investigate the effect of SAA on pulmonary arterial endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) induced by hypoxia and the underlying mechanisms. Primary cultured human pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (HPAECs) were exposed to 1% O2 for 48[Formula: see text]h with or without SAA treatment...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890929/integrated-microfluidic-system-for-gene-silencing-and-cell-migration
#9
Zongbin Liu, Xin Han, Qing Zhou, Rui Chen, Shelby Fruge, Myeong Chan Jo, Yuan Ma, Ziyin Li, Kenji Yokoi, Lidong Qin
Metastasis involves the phenotype transition of cancer cells to gain invasiveness, and the following migration at the tumor site. Here an integrated microfluidic chip to study this process is presented by combining on-chip delivery of siRNA for gene silencing and cell migration assay. The major advantage of the integrated chip is the simple input of cells and gene transfection materials, and the ultimate output of migration ability. The reverse-fishbone structure and 0.7× phosphate-buffered saline solution are the optimized parameters for improved delivery efficiency...
June 2017: Adv Biosyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889177/a-15-amino-acid-c-terminal-peptide-of-beta-defensin-3-inhibits-bone-resorption-by-inhibiting-the-osteoclast-differentiation-and-disrupting-podosome-belt-formation
#10
Ok-Jin Park, Jiseon Kim, Ki Bum Ahn, Jue Yeon Lee, Yoon-Jeong Park, Kee-Yeon Kum, Cheol-Heui Yun, Seung Hyun Han
Human beta-defensin-3 (HBD3), which is secreted from cells in the skin, salivary gland, and bone marrow, exhibits antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities. Its C-terminal end contains a 15-amino acid polypeptide (HBD3-C15) that is known to effectively elicit antimicrobial activity. Recently, certain antimicrobial peptides are known to inhibit osteoclast differentiation and, thus, we investigated whether HBD3-C15 hinders osteoclast differentiation and bone destruction to assess its potential use as an anti-bone resorption agent...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888060/unidirectional-growth-of-heavy-meromyosin-hmm-clusters-along-actin-filaments-revealed-by-real-time-fluorescence-microscopy
#11
Rika Hirakawa, Yusuke Nishikawa, Taro Q P Uyeda, Kiyotaka Tokuraku
Heavy meromyosin (HMM) forms clusters along actin filaments under low ATP concentrations. Here, we observed the growth of HMM clusters under low concentrations of ATP in real time using fluorescence microscopy. When actin filaments were loosely immobilized on positively charged lipid bilayers, clusters of HMM-GFP were readily formed. Time-lapse observation revealed that the clusters grew unidirectionally. When we used a mixture of actin filaments and copolymers of actin and acto-S1dC, a chimeric protein of actin and the myosin motor domain, HMM-GFP preferentially formed clusters along the copolymers...
September 9, 2017: Cytoskeleton
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886070/microrna-mir-301a-is-a-novel-cardiac-regulator-of-cofilin-2
#12
Ashraf Yusuf Rangrez, Phillip Hoppe, Christian Kuhn, Elisa Zille, Johanne Frank, Norbert Frey, Derk Frank
Calsarcin-1 deficient mice develop dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) phenotype in pure C57BL/6 genetic background (Cs1-ko) despite severe contractile dysfunction and robust activation of fetal gene program. Here we performed a microRNA microarray to identify the molecular causes of this cardiac phenotype that revealed the dysregulation of several microRNAs including miR-301a, which was highly downregulated in Cs1-ko mice compared to the wild-type littermates. Cofilin-2 (Cfl2) was identified as one of the potential targets of miR-301a using prediction databases, which we validated by luciferase assay and mutation of predicted binding sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869833/yap-promotes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-metastasis-and-mobilization-via-governing-cofilin-f-actin-lamellipodium-axis-by-regulation-of-jnk-bnip3-serca-camkii-pathways
#13
Chen Shi, Yong Cai, Yongheng Li, Ye Li, Nan Hu, Sai Ma, Shunying Hu, Pingjun Zhu, Weihu Wang, Hao Zhou
Despite the increasingly important role of Hippo-Yap in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development and progression, little insight is available at the time regarding the specifics interaction of Yap and cancer cells migration. Here, we identified the mechanism by which tumor-intrinsic Yap deletion resulted in HCC migratory inhibition. Yap was greatly upregulated in HCC and its expression promoted the cells migration. Functional studies found that knockdown of Yap induced JNK phosphorylation which closely bound to the Bnip3 promoter and contributed to Bnip3 expression...
August 24, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865485/combination-therapy-of-pkc%C3%AE-and-cox-2-inhibitors-synergistically-suppress-melanoma-metastasis
#14
Ping Zhou, Jiaqi Qin, Yuan Li, Guoxia Li, Yinsong Wang, Ning Zhang, Peng Chen, Chunyu Li
BACKGROUND: Metastatic malignant melanoma is one of the most aggressive malignancies and its treatment remains challenging. Recent studies demonstrate that the melanoma metastasis has correlations with the heightened activations of protein kinase C ζ (PKCζ) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) signaling pathways. Targeted inhibitions for PKCζ and COX-2 have been considered as the promising strategies for the treatment of melanoma metastasis. Thus, the PKCζ inhibitor J-4 and COX-2 inhibitor Celecoxib were combined to treat melanoma metastasis in this study...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865013/biochemistry-of-drebrin-and-its-binding-to-actin-filaments
#15
Ryoki Ishikawa
Drebrin is an actin-binding protein mainly expressed in developing neurons and dendritic spine in mature neurons. To understand the functions of drebrin in vivo, we must understand its molecular properties. In this chapter, I will focus on the purification and characterization of drebrin in vitro. Drebrin binds to F-actin with a stoichiometry of 1:5~6 with a K d of 1~3 × 10(-7) M and strongly inhibits the binding of other actin-binding proteins such as tropomyosin, caldesmon, fascin, α-actinin, and cofilin...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846729/histones-bundle-f-actin-filaments-and-affect-actin-structure
#16
Edna Blotnick, Asaf Sol, Andras Muhlrad
Histones are small polycationic proteins complexed with DNA located in the cell nucleus. Upon apoptosis they are secreted from the cells and react with extracellular polyanionic compounds. Actin which is a polyanionic protein, is also secreted from necrotic cells and interacts with histones. We showed that both histone mixture (histone type III) and the recombinant H2A histone bundles F-actin, increases the viscosity of the F-actin containing solution and polymerizes G-actin. The histone-actin bundles are relatively insensitive to increase of ionic strength, unlike other polycation, histatin, lysozyme, spermine and LL-37 induced F-actin bundles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843047/dysregulation-of-limk-1-cofilin-1-pathway-a-possible-basis-for-alteration-of-neuronal-morphology-in-experimental-cerebral-malaria
#17
Praveen Kumar Simhadri, Ruchi Malwade, Ravisankar Vanka, Venkata Prasuja Nakka, Gowthamarajan Kuppusamy, Prakash Babu Phanithi
OBJECTIVE: Loss of cognition even after survival is the salient feature of cerebral malaria (CM). Currently, the fate of neuronal morphology is not studied at the ultra-structural level in CM. Recent studies suggest that maintenance of neuronal morphology and dendritic spine density (actin dynamics in particular) are essential for proper cognitive functions. LIMK-1/Cofilin-1signaling pathway is known to involve in the maintenance of actin dynamics through regulation of cofilin-1, in executing learning and memory functions...
August 26, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827828/automated-spatio-temporal-analysis-of-dendritic-spines-and-related-protein-dynamics
#18
Vincent On, Atena Zahedi, Iryna M Ethell, Bir Bhanu
Cofilin and other Actin-regulating proteins are essential in regulating the shape of dendritic spines, which are sites of neuronal communications in the brain, and their malfunctions are implicated in neurodegeneration related to aging. The analysis of cofilin motility in dendritic spines using fluorescence video-microscopy may allow for the discovery of its effects on synaptic functions. To date, the flow of cofilin has not been analyzed by automatic means. This paper presents Dendrite Protein Analysis (DendritePA), a novel automated pattern recognition software to analyze protein trafficking in neurons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827787/degradation-of-cofilin-is-regulated-by-cbl-aip4-and-syk-resulting-in-increased-migration-of-lmp2a-positive-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells
#19
Murat R Gainullin, Ilya Yu Zhukov, Xiaoying Zhou, Yingxi Mo, Lidiia Astakhova, Ingemar Ernberg, Liudmila Matskova
Expression of cofilin is directly associated with metastatic activity in many tumors. Here, we studied the role of Latent Membrane Protein 2 A (LMP2A) of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) in the accumulation of cofilin observed in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) tumor cells. We used LMP2A transformed NPC cell lines to analyze cofilin expression. We used mutation analysis, ectopic expression and down-regulation of Cbl, AIP4 and Syk in these cell lines to determine the effect of the LMP2A viral protein on cofilin degradation and its role in the assembly of a cofilin degrading protein complex...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827622/pdgf-bb-enhances-collagen-gel-contraction-through-a-pi3k-plc%C3%AE-pkc-cofilin-pathway
#20
Vahid Reyhani, Maria Tsioumpekou, Tijs van Wieringen, Lars Rask, Johan Lennartsson, Kristofer Rubin
Cell-mediated contraction of collagenous matrices is modulated by various growth factors and cytokines, such as platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). Here we used a genetic cell model to delineate defined signaling pathways that enhance collagen gel contraction downstream of ligand-stimulated platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGF-Rβ). Our data show that PDGF BB-enhanced activations of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K) and phospholipase Cγ (PLCγ) were necessary for PDGF-enhanced collagen gel contraction...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
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