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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513888/pain-quality-of-life-and-safety-outcomes-of-kyphoplasty-for-vertebral-compression-fractures-report-of-a-task-force-of-the-american-society-for-bone-and-mineral-research
#1
A J Rodriguez, H A Fink, L Mirigian, N Guañabens, R Eastell, K Akesson, D C Bauer, P R Ebeling
The relative efficacy and harms of balloon kyphoplasty (BK) for treating vertebral compression fractures (VCF) are uncertain. We searched multiple electronic databases to March 2016 for randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing BK with control treatment (non-surgical management [NSM], percutaneous vertebroplasty [PV], KIVA®, vertebral body stenting, or other) in adults with VCF. Outcomes included back pain, back disability, quality of life (QoL), new VCF and adverse events (AE). One reviewer extracted data, a second checked accuracy, and two rated risk of bias (ROB)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503484/prophylactic-dual-catheter-technique-to-prevent-side-branch-snowplowing-complications-during-angioplasty-and-stenting
#2
Leonard Ll Yeo, W M Wu, Y L Chen, C H Yeh, H F Wong
OBJECTIVE: Angioplasty and Stenting of intracranial atherosclerotic lesions have a higher complication rate and a large proportion of this is attributable to side branch arterial occlusion from forceful displacement of the atheroma into the ostia or snowplowing effect. This can result in severe disabilities when it result in small infarcts involving eloquent areas in the posterior circulation or the motor tracts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present a series of 6 cases utilizing a new dual catheter technique for maintaining the patency of at-risk vessels during angioplasty and stenting...
March 2017: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502080/the-contemporary-role-of-ureterolysis-in-retroperitoneal-fibrosis-rpf-treatment-of-last-resort-or-first-intent-an-analysis-of-50-cases
#3
Tim O'Brien, Archie Fernando
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes of open ureterolysis in a contemporary cohort of patients presenting with ureteric obstruction secondary to retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective analysis of 50 patients undergoing open ureterolysis and omental wrap between January 2012 and January 2016 in a single centre managed by a multi-disciplinary RPF team. Minimum follow up of 1 year. Indications were: nephrostomy-dependent drainage (n=5); stent failure as evidenced by persistent hydronephrosis (n=20); severe stent symptoms (n=22); and patient choice/pre-emptive (n=3)...
May 14, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488370/patients-with-cirrhosis-who-have-coronary-artery-disease-treated-with-cardiac-stents-have-high-rates-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-but-no-increased-mortality
#4
T Krill, G Brown, R A Weideman, D J Cipher, S J Spechler, E Brilakis, L A Feagins
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) treated with stents require dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). For cirrhotics, who often have varices and coagulopathy, it is not clear if the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) should preclude use of DAPT. AIM: To compare GIB and mortality rates in cirrhotics with CAD treated medically or with stents. METHODS: Using institutional databases, we identified patients with cirrhosis and CAD treated with stents or medical therapy between January 2000-September 2015...
May 9, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487806/synchronous-carotid-bifurcation-endarterectomy-and-retrograde-kissing-stenting-of-the-innominate-and-left-common-carotid-artery-in-a-patient-with-a-bovine-aortic-arch
#5
Alessandro Robaldo, Guido Carignano, Alberto Balderi, Claudio Novali
Management of the symptomatic multiple stenosis of supra-aortic vessels (MSSVs) in a "bovine" aortic arch (BAA) configuration is infrequently reported. The optimal treatment choice remains debatable. A successful hybrid treatment for a proximal critical stenosis of the innominate and left common carotid artery was performed in a high-risk patient with a tandem symptomatic lesion in the right carotid bifurcation and a concentric vulnerable plaque in the bovine trunk. This case supports the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a combined carotid bifurcation endarterectomy and retrograde kissing stenting of common carotid arteries with cerebral protection after evaluation of radiological, anatomical, and clinical parameters...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485278/30-day-results-from-prospective-multi-specialty-evaluation-of-carotid-artery-stenting-using-the-cguard-micronet-covered-embolic-prevention-stent-system-in-real-world-multicenter-clinical-practice-the-iron-guard-study
#6
Francesco Speziale, Laura Capoccia, Pasqualino Sirignano, Wassim Mansour, Chiara Pranteda, Renato Casana, Carlo Setacci
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to evaluate peri-procedural and 30-day outcomes in a prospective series of patients treated with the CGuard embolic prevention stent system (EPS). METHODS AND RESULTS: From April 2015 to June 2016 a physician-initiated prospective multicenter study was performed in 200 consecutive patients admitted to protected carotid artery stenting (CAS) and treated using CGuard EPS in twelve Vascular Centers. Outcome measures were: technical success, periprocedural (0-24 hours) and post- procedural (24hours-30 days) major and minor strokes, death, acute myocardial infarction (AMI), transient ischemic attack (TIA), and external carotid occlusion...
May 9, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483614/proximal-embolic-protection-devices-in-complicated-carotid-artery-stenting
#7
Andrea Gaggiano, Holta Kasemi, Antonella Laurito, Andrea Monti, Mauro Maselli, Paola Manzo, Simone Quaglino, Francesca Sperti
The most frequent complication during carotid artery stenting (CAS) is intraoperative distal embolization. Three categories of embolic protection devices (EPDs) are routinely used through a transfemoral or transcervical approach: distal occlusion devices, distal EPDs with flow preservation using filters and the proximal occlusive protective systems. We report the case of the internal carotid artery (ICA) plaque rupture during CAS using a proximal embolic protection device (the Mo.Ma system, Invatec), treated with immediate surgery...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475277/a-stepwise-procedure-for-removal-of-an-embedded-self-expandable-metallic-stent-by-dual-knife
#8
Ya-Wei Bi, Zhao-Shen Li, Liang-Hao Hu
Benign biliary stricture (BBS) occurs in 7.3%-30.0% patients with chronic pancreatitis(1, 2) . In the management of BBS, fully covered self-expandable metallic stent (FCSEMS) is currently well used(3-5) . However, proximal migration of FCSEMS occurs in 10.0% recipients and is much more difficult to manage(5) . A 44-year-old man was admitted with abdominal pain and recurred obstructive jaundice a month after removal of last biliary plastic stents. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 5, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474283/hucmncs-protect-vascular-endothelium-and-prevent-isr-after-endovascular-interventional-therapy-for-vascular-diseases-in-t2dm-rabbits
#9
Haixia Ding, Tong Zhang, Yaping Du, Bei Liu, Yueqin Liu, Fujun Wang
The therapeutic effect of transplantation of human umbilical cord blood cell-derived mononuclear cells (HUCMNCs) on treating in-stent restenosis (ISR) after endovascular interventional therapy (EIT) was evaluated in preclinical rabbit model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-related peripheral artery disease (PAD). HUCMNCs were transplanted to T2DM rabbits subjected to femoral artery occlusion surgery and received EIT. Serum concentration of soluble vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cad) and plasma concentration of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay before and after the transplantation...
May 4, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473130/carotid-artery-stenting-versus-endarterectomy-for-stroke-prevention-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#10
Partha Sardar, Saurav Chatterjee, Herbert D Aronow, Amartya Kundu, Preethi Ramchand, Debabrata Mukherjee, Ramez Nairooz, William A Gray, Christopher J White, Michael R Jaff, Kenneth Rosenfield, Jay Giri
BACKGROUND: Data conflict regarding the relative effectiveness of carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid artery endarterectomy (CEA) for the prevention of stroke due to carotid artery stenosis. OBJECTIVES: The authors performed an updated meta-analysis evaluating the efficacy and safety of CAS versus CEA, given recently published clinical trial data. METHODS: Databases were searched through April 30, 2016. Randomized trials with ≥50 patients, that had exclusive use of embolic-protection devices, and that compared CAS against CEA for the treatment of carotid artery stenosis were selected...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472526/glycoprotein-iib-iiia-inhibitors-in-prevention-and-rescue-treatment-of-thromboembolic-complications-during-endovascular-embolization-of-intracranial-aneurysms
#11
David Dornbos, Joel S Katz, Patrick Youssef, Ciarán J Powers, Shahid M Nimjee
Thromboembolic complications remain a major risk of endovascular neurosurgery during the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, despite the use of therapeutic heparinization and oral antiplatelet therapy when indicated. Glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors target a nonredundant pathway of platelet aggregation following adhesion and activation. Initially established and implemented in the cardiovascular arena, this drug class has provided a new tool in the neurovascular armamentarium as well. Numerous case reports, case series, and retrospective reviews have evaluated the safety and efficacy of abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban in the treatment of acute thromboembolic complications during the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms...
May 3, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472252/new-insights-into-the-role-of-adipose-tissue-in-thrombosis
#12
Gemma Vilahur, Soumaya Ben-Aicha, Lina Badimon
Central obesity is independently associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease, particularly thrombotic complications. Increasing data supports a link between excess body weight and the risk to suffer acute myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis after percutaneous interventions, ischemic stroke and vein thrombosis.Experimental and in vitro data have provided insights as to the mechanisms currently presumed to increase the thrombotic risk in obese subjects. Obesity is characterized by a chronic low grade inflammation and systemic oxidative stress that eventually damage the endothelium losing its antithrombotic properties...
May 3, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470391/continuously-grooved-stent-struts-for-enhanced-endothelial-cell-seeding
#13
Marja Ter Meer, Willeke F Daamen, Yvonne L Hoogeveen, Gijs J F van Son, Jeremy E Schaffer, J Adam van der Vliet, Leo J Schultze Kool, Lambertus P van den Heuvel
PURPOSE: Implantation of pre-endothelialized stents could enhance cellular recovery of a damaged vessel wall provided attached cells remain viable, functional and are present in sufficient numbers after deployment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of grooved stainless steel (SS) stents as a primary endothelial cell (EC) carrier with potentially enhanced EC protection upon stent deployment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Attachment and behavior of enzymatically harvested human adult venous ECs seeded onto gelatin-coated vascular stents were evaluated in an in vitro setting...
May 3, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463434/rebuttal-regarding-proximal-occlusion-versus-distal-filter-for-cerebral-protection-during-carotid-stenting-the-positive-results-of-mo-ma-trials
#14
Jad Omran, Ashraf S Al-Dadah, Christopher J White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460423/letter-to-covered-versus-uncovered-metal-stents-for-malignant-gastric-outlet-obstruction-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis-dig-endosc-doi-10-1111-den-12786
#15
Enrico Fiori, Antonietta Lamazza, Antonio V Sterpetti
We prospectively analyzed the clinical outcomes of 72 patients (2,3) and we came to similar conclusions. Conceptually, covered stents present the advantage to prevent tumor ingrowth within the stent, and, being more compliant, they could facilitate pyloric motility. However, they dislodge more easily, and distal migration of the stent can lead to serious consequences (4). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 29, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458385/recent-trends-in-neuro-endovascular-treatment-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-cerebral-aneurysms-carotid-stenosis-and-brain-arteriovenous-malformations
#16
Yuji Matsumaru, Eiichi Ishikawa, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Akira Matsumura
The efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy with stent retrievers for emergent large vessel occlusion has been proved by randomized trials. Mechanical thrombectomy is increasingly being adopted in Japan since stent retrievers were first approved in 2014. An urgent clinical task is to offer structured systems of care to provide this treatment in a timely fashion to all patients with emergent large vessel occlusion. Treatment with flow-diverting stents is currently a preferred treatment option worldwide for large and giant unruptured aneurysms...
May 1, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449498/trans-tracheostomy-repair-of-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-under-endoscopic-view-in-a-75-year-old-woman
#17
Francesco Paolo Caronia, Alfonso Reginelli, Mario Santini, Roberto Alfano, Sebastiano Trovato, Ettore Arrigo, Alfonso Fiorelli
Tracheo-esophageal fistula is a life-threatening condition for fatal pulmonary complications. Surgery is the treatment of choice. Unfortunately, the most of patients are unfit for surgery and in these cases there is no a standardized management. Herein, we reported a clinical case of a 75-year-old-woman with a tracheoesophageal fistula related to tracheostomy. The fistula was localized 3.5 cm below the vocal folds and extended 3 cm distally. The patient's poor clinical condition contraindicated surgery while the characteristics of fistula prevented any successfully endoscopic repair with standard methods as application of fibrin glue, clipping, or stenting...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446644/body-mass-index-and-outcome-after-revascularization-for-symptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis
#18
Eline J Volkers, Jacoba P Greving, Jeroen Hendrikse, Ale Algra, L Jaap Kappelle, Jean-Pierre Becquemin, Leo H Bonati, Thomas G Brott, Richard Bulbulia, David Calvet, Hans-Henning Eckstein, Gustav Fraedrich, John Gregson, Alison Halliday, George Howard, Olav Jansen, Gary S Roubin, Martin M Brown, Jean-Louis Mas, Peter A Ringleb
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the obesity paradox exists in patients who undergo carotid artery stenting (CAS) or carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for symptomatic carotid artery stenosis. METHODS: We combined individual patient data from 2 randomized trials (Endarterectomy vs Angioplasty in Patients with Symptomatic Severe Carotid Stenosis and Stent-Protected Angioplasty vs Carotid Endarterectomy) and 3 centers in a third trial (International Carotid Stenting Study)...
April 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445625/the-use-of-an-occlusion-perfusion-catheter-to-deliver-paclitaxel-to-the-arterial-wall
#19
Marzieh K Atigh, Emily Turner, Uwe Christians, Saami K Yazdani
AIM: Non-stent drug delivery platforms have recently emerged as an alternative treatment of peripheral arterial disease. Perfusion catheters have the potential to directly deliver anti-proliferative agents to the medial arterial layer to prevent restenosis. The purpose of this study was to therefore determine the effectiveness of a perfusion catheter to deliver paclitaxel, a proven anti-proliferative agent, to combat restenosis. METHODS: A bench-top model was utilized to determine the varying parameters of a novel occlusion perfusion catheter to maximize paclitaxel delivery using pharmacokinetic evaluation and fluorescent microscopy...
April 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444815/endoscopic-findings-following-retroperitoneal-pancreas-transplantation
#20
Alexey Valer'evich Pinchuk, Ilya Victorovich Dmitriev, Nonna Valer'evna Shmarina, Yury Sergeevich Teterin, Aslan Galievich Balkarov, Roman Vasil'evich Storozhev, Yuri Andreevich Anisimov, Ali Magomedovich Gasanov
AIM: An evaluation of the efficacy of endoscopic methods for the diagnosis and correction of surgical and immunological complications after retroperitoneal pancreas transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2011 to March 2015, 27 patients underwent simultaneous retroperitoneal pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT). Diagnostic oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with protocol biopsy of the donor and recipient duodenal mucosa and endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) were performed to detect possible complications...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
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