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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943720/host-plant-location-by-the-guatemalan-potato-moth-tecia-solanivora-is-assisted-by-floral-volatiles
#1
Miriam Frida Karlsson, Magali Proffit, Göran Birgersson
Insects locate their host plants using mainly visual and olfactory cues, generally of the exploited plant structure. However, when the resource is difficult to access, it could be beneficial to utilise indirect cues, which indicates the presence of reward (e.g., oviposition site or mate). In the present study, we investigated the host-plant location strategy of the monophagous Guatemalan potato moth Tecia solanivora (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). The larva of the moth feed exclusively on potato Solanum spp. (Solanaceae) tubers usually hidden below ground...
2017: Chemoecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943045/prognostic-factors-for-tube-feeding-dependence-after-curative-chemo-radiation-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#2
REVIEW
Kim Wopken, Hendrik P Bijl, Johannes A Langendijk
BACKGROUND: Tube feeding dependence is a commonly observed debilitating side-effect of curative (chemo-) radiation in head and neck cancer patients that severely affects quality of life. Prevention of this side-effect can be obtained using advanced radiation techniques, such as IMRT. For radiotherapy treatment plan optimization, it has become increasingly important to develop prediction models that enable clinicians to predict the risk of tube feeding dependence for individual patients...
September 21, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942701/feeding-tubes-and-health-care-service-utilization-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-benefits-and-limits-to-a-retrospective-multicenter-study-using-big-data
#3
Keith M Swetz, Stephanie M Peterson, Lindsey R Sangaralingham, Ryan T Hurt, Shannon M Dunlay, Nilay D Shah, Jon C Tilburt
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, fatal neurologic disorder with predictable challenges regarding disease progression and end-of-life care. These include need for respiratory and nutritional support. Little is known about how such choices impact end-of-life health service utilization for these patients. Using OptumLabs Data Warehouse, a large administrative claims database with more than 150 million privately insured, geographically diverse enrollees, we sought to explore outcomes associated with the use of enteral nutrition (EN)...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942587/randomized-control-trial-of-benzydamine-hcl-versus-sodium-bicarbonate-for-prophylaxis-of-concurrent-chemoradiation-induced-oral-mucositis
#4
Imjai Chitapanarux, Tharatorn Tungkasamit, Janjira Petsuksiri, Danita Kannarunimit, Kanyarat Katanyoo, Chakkapong Chakkabat, Jiraporn Setakornnukul, Somying Wongsrita, Naruemon Jirawatwarakul, Chawalit Lertbusayanukul, Patumrat Sripan, Patrinee Traisathit
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to compare the efficacy of benzydamine HCl with sodium bicarbonate in the prevention of concurrent chemoradiation-induced oral mucositis in head and neck cancer patients. METHODS: Sixty locally advanced head and neck cancer patients treated with high-dose radiotherapy concurrently with platinum-based chemotherapy were randomly assigned to receive either benzydamine HCl or sodium bicarbonate from the first day of treatment to 2 weeks after the completion of treatment...
September 23, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941560/systematic-assessment-of-clinical-outcomes-and-toxicities-of-proton-radiotherapy-for-reirradiation
#5
REVIEW
Vivek Verma, Jean-Claude M Rwigema, Robert S Malyapa, William F Regine, Charles B Simone
Reirradiation (reRT) for locoregional recurrences poses unique challenges and risks; re-treatment using proton beam radiotherapy (PBT) could prove advantageous. Assessing clinical outcomes and toxicity profiles, this systematic review comprehensively evaluated available evidence regarding PBT reRT. Fourteen original investigations across central nervous system (CNS) (n=6), head/neck (H&N) (n=4), lung (n=2), and gastrointestinal (n=2) malignancies were analyzed. PBT for recurrent uveal melanoma achieved 5-year eye retention of 55%; for chordomas, reRT afforded a 2-year local control and overall survival (OS) of 85% and 80%, respectively...
September 20, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940731/respiratory-morbidity-was-an-important-consequence-of-prematurity-in-the-first-two-years-after-discharge-in-three-cohorts-from-1996-2009
#6
Estelle E M Mulder, Monique Rijken, Lotte de Smet, Steffen Pauws, Enrico Lopriore, Arjan B Te Pas
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the respiratory morbidity of preterm infants in the first two years after discharge in three cohorts from 1996-2009. METHODS: We included infants with a gestational age from 25+0 to 29+6 weeks, who were born in 1996-1997, 2003-2004 and 2008-2009 at the Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands. The following parameters were recorded: bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), defined as oxygen demand or positive pressure at 36 weeks, mortality, duration of supplemental oxygen, discharge with supplemental oxygen and a nasogastric feeding tube, rehospitalisation and the use of inhaled medication...
September 21, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940710/experiences-in-feeding-and-gastrointestinal-dysfunction-in-children-with-charge-syndrome
#7
Meghan Macdonald, Alexandra Hudson, Angela Bladon, Elyanne Ratcliffe, Kim Blake
Feeding issues are very common in individuals with CHARGE syndrome and can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to expand upon the limited knowledge base of feeding and gastrointestinal issues in individuals with CHARGE syndrome. Parents of individuals (age range 1-18 years) with CHARGE syndrome, with or without feeding/gastrointestinal issues, were recruited through international CHARGE syndrome associations and CHARGE syndrome Facebook pages. Parents completed three questionnaires: CHARGE diagnostic characteristics; Pediatric Assessment Scale for Severe Feeding Problems © and PedsQL™ Gastrointestinal Symptoms Scale; and open-ended questions...
September 22, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932729/a-novel-and-simple-method-using-a-transanal-intestinal-long-tube-for-protecting-intestinal-anastomosis-and-decompressing-the-small-bowel
#8
So Hyun Nam
PURPOSE: I introduce the use of transanal intestinal long tube (TILT) using nasogastric tube. TILT passes from anus to the anastomosis, helping to decompress a dilated bowel loop. METHODS: TILT procedure was limited to those patients predicting a severe luminal size discrepancy after intestinal anastomosis, and who had postoperative prolonged ileus. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 10 infants (7 male an 3 female patients) who were treated using the TILT procedure between 2012 and 2016...
September 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930814/neurologic-and-functional-morbidity-in-critically-ill-children-with-bronchiolitis
#9
Steven L Shein, Katherine N Slain, Jason A Clayton, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta, Deanne Wilson-Costello
OBJECTIVES: Neurologic and functional morbidity occurs in ~30% of PICU survivors, and young children may be at particular risk. Bronchiolitis is a common indication for PICU admission among children less than 2 years old. Two single-center studies suggest that greater than 10-25% of critical bronchiolitis survivors have neurologic and functional morbidity but those estimates are 20 years old. We aimed to estimate the burden of neurologic and functional morbidity among more recent bronchiolitis patients using two large, multicenter databases...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929966/-a-case-with-scalp-pruritus-caused-by-dermanysus-gallinae-order-mesostigmata
#10
Mustafa Şengül, Nida Kaçar, Mehmet Karaca, Sedef Zeliha Öner, Çağrı Ergin
Dermanyssus gallinae is one of the important hematophagous ectoparasite species of poultry like chicken, pigeon and wild bird species. These ectoparasites in the form of nymphs or adults who can not find their hosts are also seen in mammals and even in humans. For this reason, they are considered as important for public health. The ectoparasite causes a clinical condition named gamasoidosis among pet owners and people who live or work close to animal shelters, barns and chicken farms. Pruritus dermatitis is also caused by D...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929948/moderately-high-protein-enteral-formula-improved-retinol-binding-protein-in-tube-fed-patients-a-multicentre-open-study
#11
Veeradej Pisprasert, Prapimporn Chattranukulchai Shantavasinkul, Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong, Tanarat Lepananon, Surat Komindr
BACKGROUND: Long-term inadequate dietary consumption may increase the possibility of malnutrition, morbidity and mortality. Enteral nutrition (EN) is a beneficial support that could help to maintain nutritional status and gut function. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of moderately high-protein enteral formula containing fibre on nutritional status, and its safety. METHOD: A total of 23 tube-feeding-dependent adult patients were included in this multicentre, open-label study...
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929778/direct-percutaneous-endoscopic-jejunostomy-should-we-move-on-to-single-and-double-balloon-enteroscopy-techniques
#12
Klaus Mönkemüller, Carolina Olano, Steffen Rickes
Direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) is a useful technique to access the jejunum in order to a) provide enteral nutrition to individuals when the gastric route is absent or contraindicated, and b) to decompress the jejunum in patients with malignant small bowel obstruction. Traditionally, DPEJ is performed using a colonoscope or enteroscope, which is advanced as deep as possible into the jejunum. The insertion technique of the feeding tube is identical to the one used for a gastrostomy tube (Ponsky-Gauderer method)...
September 18, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926851/prevention-of-reflux-after-esophagectomy-with-endoscopic-negative-pressure-therapy-using-a-new-double-lumen-open-pore-film-drainage-with-an-intestinal-feeding-tube
#13
Gunnar Loske, Tobias Schorsch, Christian T Müller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925338/foraging-behaviour-of-the-exotic-wasp-vespula-germanica-hymenoptera-vespidae-on-a-native-caterpillar-defoliator
#14
A L Pietrantuono, S Moreyra, M Lozada
Vespula germanica is a social wasp and an opportunistic predator. While foraging, these wasps learn and integrate different kinds of cues. They have successfully invaded many parts of the world, including native Nothofagus and Lophozonia forests located in the Andean-Patagonian region, where they forage on native arthropods. Perzelia arda, a lepidopteron defoliator of Lophozonia obliqua, uses the foliage to hide in and feed on. The purpose of this work is to study whether V. germanica use olfactory cues when foraging on P...
September 19, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924528/near-fatal-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-in-a-child-with-medulloblastoma-on-high-dose-dexamethasone
#15
Derek Yecies, Daniel Tawfik, Jennifer Damman, Chad Thorson, David S Hong, Gerald A Grant, Rachel Bensen, Mihaela Damian
A four-year-old female was admitted to a university-based children's hospital with a newly-diagnosed posterior fossa tumor. She was started on famotidine and high-dose dexamethasone and underwent gross total resection of a medulloblastoma. She was continued on dexamethasone and famotidine. She exhibited postoperative posterior fossa syndrome and was started on enteral feeds via the nasoduodenal tube. She had small gastrointestinal bleeds on postoperative days eight, 11, and 18, and was found to have a well-circumscribed posterior duodenal ulcer...
July 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920016/comparison-of-t-tube-ileostomy-and-bishop-koop-ileostomy-for-the-management-of-uncomplicated-meconium-ileus
#16
Md Samiul Hasan, Ashrarur Rahman Mitul, Sabbir Karim, Kazi Md Noor-Ul Ferdous, M Kabirul Islam
BACKGROUND: Meconium ileus is a common cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Various surgical procedures are in practice for uncomplicated meconium ileus. Bishop Koop ileostomy allows distal passage of gut content and uses the distal absorptive area. T tube ileostomy avoids the need for gut resection and formal closure of stoma. The aim of this prospective interventional study was to compare the outcome of T-tube ileostomy and Bishop Koop ileostomy for the treatment of uncomplicated meconium ileus...
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919081/body-weight-and-body-mass-index-in-patients-with-end-stage-cystic-fibrosis-stabilize-after-the-start-of-enteral-tube-feeding
#17
Francis M Hollander, Nicole M de Roos, Gerdien Belle van Meerkerk, Ferdinand Teding van Berkhout, Harry G M Heijerman, Ed A van de Graaf
BACKGROUND: Enteral tube feeding (ETF) is widely used in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and end-stage lung disease, but previous studies have been limited to investigating whether ETF improves outcomes in patients with moderately or mildly impaired pulmonary function. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated body weight, body mass index (BMI; calculated as kg/m(2)), pulmonary function, and the presence of CF-related diabetes before and after the start of ETF. DESIGN: This was a retrospective observational study...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918142/mortality-and-health-treatment-rates-of-dairy-calves-in-automated-milk-feeding-systems-in-the-upper-midwest-of-the-united-states
#18
M W Jorgensen, A Adams-Progar, A M de Passillé, J Rushen, J A Salfer, M I Endres
Automated calf feeding systems are increasing in use across the United States, yet information regarding health and mortality outcomes of animals in these systems is limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between farm management practices, housing, and environmental factors with mortality and health treatment rates of preweaned dairy calves housed in groups with automated feeding systems. Farm records were collected for health treatments and mortality on 26 farms in the Upper Midwest of the United States...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918141/validation-of-commercial-luminometry-swabs-for-total-bacteria-and-coliform-counts-in-colostrum-feeding-equipment
#19
D L Renaud, D F Kelton, S J LeBlanc, D B Haley, A B Jalbert, T F Duffield
A sufficient quantity and quality of colostrum must be fed quickly to the newborn calf while minimizing bacterial contamination. Adenosine triphosphate bioluminescence swabs offer a potential rapid on-farm alternative to assess bacterial contamination of colostrum. The objective of this study was to validate the Hygiena (Camarillo, CA) AquaSnap Total (AS), SuperSnap (SS), PRO-Clean (PC), and MicroSnap Coliform (MS) swabs as well as visual hygiene assessment for detection of elevated bacterial counts in or on colostrum-feeding equipment...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916211/diaphragmatic-fenestration-for-refractory-chylothorax-after-congenital-cardiac-surgery-in-infants
#20
T K Susheel Kumar, Kaitlin Balduf, Umar Boston, Christopher Knott-Craig
OBJECTIVE: Medically refractory chylous pleural effusion after congenital heart surgery is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially in infants. We reviewed our experience with diaphragmatic fenestration procedure in this group of patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients who had diaphragmatic fenestrations for chylous effusion at our institution over a 2-year period was performed. RESULTS: A total of 9 diaphragmatic fenestration procedures were performed in 8 patients who had failed medical management of chylous pleural effusions...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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