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Post operative nausea and vomiting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934083/outpatient-vaginal-hysterectomy-comparison-of-conventional-suture-ligature-versus-electrosurgical-bipolar-vessel-sealing
#1
G Giraudet, J P Lucot, F Sanz, C Rubod, P Collinet, M Cosson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the feasibility of vaginal hysterectomy in an ambulatory care system and the best way to perform it between conventional and bipolar vessel sealing system ligatures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of 32 patients with vaginal hysterectomy at Lille University Hospital between December 2013 and May 2015. Two surgical techniques were compared: conventional suture ligature (CSL) and electrosurgical bipolar vessel sealing (BVS)...
May 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929074/role-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-complications-of-tonsillectomy-in-pediatric-patients
#2
Ziya Salturk, Tolgar Lutfi Kumral, Ahmet Arslanoglu, Imran Aydogdu, Guven Yildirim, Guler Berkiten, Yavuz Uyar
Tonsillectomy and tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy are among the most common surgical procedures in otolaryngology practice. Gastroesophageal reflux was identified as a risk factor for complications in tonsillectomy. This prospective study was designed to assess the role of reflux in the development of complications following tonsillectomy in pediatric patients. Children (n = 60) who underwent tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy were divided into two groups, i.e., the laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) group and control group...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918793/-workup-and-treatment-of-gastroparesis
#3
Mette Winther Klinge, Jan Bech Pedersen, Birgit Schelde, Sten Lund, Klaus Krogh
Gastroparesis is defined as impaired gastric emptying without mechanical obstruction and cardinal symptoms including vomiting, nausea, early satiety, and upper abdominal pain. Most cases of gastroparesis are diabetic, idiopathic or post-operative. The correlation between symptoms and objective measures of gastroparesis is poor. Basic treatment includes dietary advices and prokinetics. Selected patients not responding to basic treatment can be offered gastric electrical stimulation. In many cases, gastroparesis is present in combination with other motility disorders, especially constipation...
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916971/emergency-room-visits-and-readmissions-following-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-ieras-program
#4
Trevor Wood, Mary-Anne Aarts, Allan Okrainec, Emily Pearsall, J Charles Victor, Marg McKenzie, Ori Rotstein, Robin S McLeod
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines have been widely promoted and supported largely due to several studies showing decreased post-operative complications and length of stay. The objective of this study was to review the emergency room (ER) visits and readmission rates and reasons for both in patients who were part of the Implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (iERAS) program for colorectal surgery. METHODS: All patients having elective colorectal surgery at 15 academic hospitals were enrolled in the iERAS program...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881696/the-effect-of-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-on-early-pain-hyperalgesia-in-patients-following-elective-laparoscopic-transabdominal-resection-of-rectal-cancer
#5
Min Liang, Chang-Ying Li, Chun-Guang Ren, Zong-Wang Zhang, Zhi-Jian Fu
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy has been associated with hyperalgesia. This prospective study was designed to investigate the effect of intraperitoneal chemotherapy with lobaplatin on post-operative pain intensity and sufentanil requirements after laparoscopic transabdominal resection of rectal cancer. METHODS: Eighty subjects (40 subjects treated with intraperitoneal chemotherapy and 40 subjects without chemotherapy treatment) scheduled for laparoscopic transabdominal resection of rectal cancer were included in this study...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878892/laparoscopic-and-open-inguinal-hernia-repair-patient-reported-outcomes-in-the-elderly-from-a-single-centre-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
K Bowling, S El-Badawy, E Massri, J Rait, J Atkinson, S Leong, A Stuart, G Srinivas
BACKGROUND: With those over 65 making up over 16% of the UK's population, surgeons are counselling increasing numbers of elderly patients for hernia repair. Data is currently lacking comparing different repair methods of inguinal hernias in the elderly population with regards to patient reported outcomes. AIM: To compare open and laparoscopic hernia repair in patients >65 years old and those <65 years old with respect to patient reported outcomes. METHOD: As part of a quality assurance process patients receive a telephone consultation day 2 post procedure...
October 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846944/antegrade-jejunogastric-intussusception-and-common-bile-duct-stones-at-14-months-after-gastrectomy-and-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#7
Yuichi Miura, Takuji Uemura, Koichiro Sato, Takayuki Abe, Tetsuya Akada, Soichi Ito, Hiroki Yamana, Hirotaka Kato
INTRODUCTION: Intussusception after gastrectomy is a minor complication after gastrectomy, while common bile duct stone (CBD) is also a rare complication post cholecystectomy. We report a case that simultaneously caused both intussusception and CBD stone following gastrectomy with prophylactic cholecystectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old woman underwent distal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction and prophylactic cholecystectomy for gastric cancer. After 14 months, the patient reported nausea and vomiting...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839323/upper-gastrointestinal-tract-symptoms-are-predictors-of-postoperative-large-pericardial-effusion-in-cardiac-surgery
#8
Muhammad Sher-I-Murtaza, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig, Haider Zaman
In this prospective observational study we evaluated the clinical symptoms in patients who presented with early or late significant pericardial effusion after cardiac surgery and underwent its open drainage in our institution. It was a series of 35 patients where the clinical symptoms and lab investigations were recorded. There were 21 male and 14 female (3:2). Majority of patients presented with postoperative large pericardial effusion within 2 -3 weeks of cardiac surgery. Eighteen (51.4%) patients presented with predominantly nonspecific upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) symptoms like nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and epigastric discomfort, 29 (82...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802609/another-quest-for-the-holy-grail-of-abolishing-post-operative-nausea-and-vomiting
#9
EDITORIAL
Vahe Tateosian, Tong J Gan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802594/intraoperative-ketorolac-dose-of-15mg-versus-the-standard-30mg-on-early-postoperative-pain-after-spine-surgery-a-randomized-blinded-non-inferiority-trial
#10
Kaylene M Duttchen, Andy Lo, Andrew Walker, Duncan McLuckie, Cecilia De Guzman, Helen Roman-Smith, Melinda Davis
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study is to show the non-inferiority of 15mg intraoperative dose of ketorolac as compared to the standard 30mg ketorolac by looking at the visual analog scale pain (VAS) scores 4h after an adult spine surgery. DESIGN: The study design is a prospective randomized non-inferiority clinical trial looking at non-inferiority of intraoperative 15mg ketorolac from the standard 30mg dose. SETTING: Quaternary care center...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760458/clinical-and-sonographic-predictors-of-adnexal-torsion-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients
#11
Yaakov Melcer, Ron Maymon, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Moty Pansky, Noam Smorgick
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of torsion diagnosis in the pediatric and adolescent population. METHODS: This retrospective study included 87 patients <18years who presented with acute pelvic pain and were operated for suspected adnexal torsion from January 2009 to September 2016. RESULTS: Adnexal torsion was found in 53 of 87 (60.9%) cases operated for suspected torsion. The rate of accurate torsion diagnosis was significantly higher among pre-menarchal (21/21, 100%) compared with post-menarchal girls (32/66, 48...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694665/pancreas-preserving-distal-duodenectomy-a-versatile-operation-for-a-range-of-infra-papillary-pathologies
#12
W Kyle Mitchell, Pradeep F Thomas, Abed M Zaitoun, Adam J Brooks, Dileep N Lobo
AIM: To investigate the range of pathologies treated by pancreas preserving distal duodenectomy (PPDD) and present the outcome of follow-up. METHODS: Neoplastic lesions of the duodenum are treated conventionally by pancreaticoduodenectomy. Lesions distal to the major papilla may be suitable for a pancreas-preserving distal duodenectomy, potentially reducing morbidity and mortality. We present our experience with this procedure. Selective intraoperative duodenoscopy assessed the relationship of the papilla to the lesion...
June 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693439/combatting-pain-after-orthopedic-trauma-surgery-perioperative-oral-extended-release-tapentadol-vs-extended-release-oxycodone-naloxone
#13
Gertrud Haeseler, Dirk Schaefers, Natalie Prison, Jörg Ahrens, Xiaofei Liu, Annika Karch
BACKGROUND: High post-operative pain scores after "minor" orthopedic/trauma surgery are in part attributed to inadequate prescription of opioid analgesics. Novel concepts aiming to achieve sufficient analgesia while minimizing opioid-related side effects by avoiding fluctuating plasma levels are based on perioperative oral administration of extended-release opioids beginning with the first dose pre-operatively. This is the first study to evaluate analgesic efficacy and side effect rates of extended-release tapentadol compared to oxycodone/naloxone following orthopedic/trauma surgery...
July 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690961/a-unique-presentation-of-an-intracranial-abscess-secondary-to-retained-projectile-after-debridement-with-dural-closure
#14
Jason Milton, Victor Awuor
Patients with penetrating head trauma with retained projectiles develop intracranial abscesses as a common complication. The most common presentation is a suddenly worsening headache. The most common pathogen identified is staphylococcus. Outcomes are related to adherence of Matson's tenets. This case study details the presentation of a 19-year-old patient that presented to the neurological surgery clinic without neurologic deficits. Further questioning revealed complaints of intermittent diffuse headaches with bilateral upper extremity shock-like sensation for two weeks...
June 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687982/adductor-canal-block-in-combination-with-posterior-capsular-infiltration-on-the-pain-control-after-tka
#15
M Zhou, H Ding, J Ke
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal block (ACB) and local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) are both widely accepted techniques for postoperative pain control without quadriceps weakness after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the above techniques are insufficient in efficacy or duration. AIMS: The aim of our study was to address whether ACB plus posterior capsular infiltration (PCI) result in improved analgesia compared with ACB or LIA in patients underwent TKA during 48 h after operation...
July 7, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682439/the-effect-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-under-different-anesthesia-on-pain-and-immunity-of-patients-with-prolapse-of-lumbar-intervertebral-disc
#16
S-J Wang, B-H Chen, P Wang, C-S Liu, J-M Yu, X-X Ma
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy under different anesthesia on pain and immunity of patients with lumbar disc herniation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 92 cases of patients with lumbar disc herniation in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from February 2015 to January 2016 were collected. These patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group (n = 46). Patients in the control group underwent percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy with the use of local anesthesia, while patients in the observation group used continuous epidural anesthesia...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663622/comparative-evaluation-of-continuous-thoracic-paravertebral-block-and-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-techniques-for-post-operative-pain-relief-in-patients-undergoing-open-nephrectomy-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-study
#17
Sujeet Kumar Singh Gautam, Pravin Kumar Das, Anil Agarwal, Sanjay Kumar, Sanjay Dhiraaj, Abhishek Keshari, Abinash Patro
BACKGROUND: Open surgical procedures are associated with substantial postoperative pain; an alternative method providing adequate pain relief with minimal side effects is very much required. AIM: The aim of this study was a comparative evaluation of the efficacy of continuous thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) and thoracic epidural analgesia (EA) for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing open nephrectomy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, and single-blind study...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652661/observation-of-the-effect-of-targeted-therapy-of-64-slice-spiral-ct-combined-with-cryoablation-for-liver-cancer
#18
Qiao-Huan Yan, Dian-Guo Xu, Yan-Feng Shen, Ding-Ling Yuan, Jun-Hui Bao, Hai-Bin Li, Ying-Gang Lv
AIM: To observe the effect of targeted therapy with 64-slice spiral computed tomography (CT) combined with cryoablation for liver cancer. METHODS: A total of 124 patients (142 tumors) were enrolled into this study. According to the use of dual-slice spiral CT or 64-slice spiral CT as a guide technology, patients were divided into two groups: dual-slice group (n = 56, 65 tumors) and 64-slice group (n = 8, 77 tumors). All patients were accepted and received targeted therapy by an argon-helium superconducting surgery system...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647788/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-two-low-dose-peri-operative-dexamethasone-on-pain-and-recovery-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Yi-Ting Lei, Bin Xu, Xiao-Wei Xie, Jin-Wei Xie, Qiang Huang, Fu-Xing Pei
PURPOSE: To evalute the efficacy and safety of two low-dose peri-operative dexamethasone on pain and recovery following total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: One hundred ten patients received two-dose of 10 mg IV-dexamethasone (group dexa) or IV-isotonic saline (group placebo). The level of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), pain at rest and during mobilization, incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), intensity of nausea, post-operative fatigue, consumption of analgesic and antiemetic rescue, range of motion (ROM), post-operative length of stay (post-operative LOS), wound problems and complications were recorded and compared...
June 25, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626981/post-discharge-nausea-and-vomiting-after-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-and-standardised-ponv-prophylaxis-for-ambulatory-surgery
#20
U Bruderer, A Fisler, M P Steurer, M Steurer, A Dullenkopf
BACKGROUND: The incidence of post-discharge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) after ambulatory anaesthesia using total intravenous anaesthesia with a risk-stratified anti-emetic approach is not well documented in the literature. In this study, we outline such an approach. The goal was to achieve an acceptably low rate of PDNV both immediately and the day after surgery. METHODS: With ethics committee approval, adult patients undergoing outpatient surgery received a Propofol-based general anaesthetic plus standardised PONV-prophylaxis corresponding to their Apfel risk-score (0-4); ondansetron (risk-score 2), additional dexamethasone (risk-score 3), and additional droperidol (risk-score 4)...
June 18, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
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