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Post operative nausea and vomiting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802609/another-quest-for-the-holy-grail-of-abolishing-post-operative-nausea-and-vomiting
#1
EDITORIAL
Vahe Tateosian, Tong J Gan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802594/intraoperative-ketorolac-dose-of-15mg-versus-the-standard-30mg-on-early-postoperative-pain-after-spine-surgery-a-randomized-blinded-non-inferiority-trial
#2
Kaylene M Duttchen, Andy Lo, Andrew Walker, Duncan McLuckie, Cecilia De Guzman, Helen Roman-Smith, Melinda Davis
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study is to show the non-inferiority of 15mg intraoperative dose of ketorolac as compared to the standard 30mg ketorolac by looking at the visual analog scale pain (VAS) scores 4h after an adult spine surgery. DESIGN: The study design is a prospective randomized non-inferiority clinical trial looking at non-inferiority of intraoperative 15mg ketorolac from the standard 30mg dose. SETTING: Quaternary care center...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760458/clinical-and-sonographic-predictors-of-adnexal-torsion-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients
#3
Yaakov Melcer, Ron Maymon, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Moty Pansky, Noam Smorgick
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of torsion diagnosis in the pediatric and adolescent population. METHODS: This retrospective study included 87 patients <18years who presented with acute pelvic pain and were operated for suspected adnexal torsion from January 2009 to September 2016. RESULTS: Adnexal torsion was found in 53 of 87 (60.9%) cases operated for suspected torsion. The rate of accurate torsion diagnosis was significantly higher among pre-menarchal (21/21, 100%) compared with post-menarchal girls (32/66, 48...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694665/pancreas-preserving-distal-duodenectomy-a-versatile-operation-for-a-range-of-infra-papillary-pathologies
#4
W Kyle Mitchell, Pradeep F Thomas, Abed M Zaitoun, Adam J Brooks, Dileep N Lobo
AIM: To investigate the range of pathologies treated by pancreas preserving distal duodenectomy (PPDD) and present the outcome of follow-up. METHODS: Neoplastic lesions of the duodenum are treated conventionally by pancreaticoduodenectomy. Lesions distal to the major papilla may be suitable for a pancreas-preserving distal duodenectomy, potentially reducing morbidity and mortality. We present our experience with this procedure. Selective intraoperative duodenoscopy assessed the relationship of the papilla to the lesion...
June 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693439/combatting-pain-after-orthopedic-trauma-surgery-perioperative-oral-extended-release-tapentadol-vs-extended-release-oxycodone-naloxone
#5
Gertrud Haeseler, Dirk Schaefers, Natalie Prison, Jörg Ahrens, Xiaofei Liu, Annika Karch
BACKGROUND: High post-operative pain scores after "minor" orthopedic/trauma surgery are in part attributed to inadequate prescription of opioid analgesics. Novel concepts aiming to achieve sufficient analgesia while minimizing opioid-related side effects by avoiding fluctuating plasma levels are based on perioperative oral administration of extended-release opioids beginning with the first dose pre-operatively. This is the first study to evaluate analgesic efficacy and side effect rates of extended-release tapentadol compared to oxycodone/naloxone following orthopedic/trauma surgery...
July 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690961/a-unique-presentation-of-an-intracranial-abscess-secondary-to-retained-projectile-after-debridement-with-dural-closure
#6
Jason Milton, Victor Awuor
Patients with penetrating head trauma with retained projectiles develop intracranial abscesses as a common complication. The most common presentation is a suddenly worsening headache. The most common pathogen identified is staphylococcus. Outcomes are related to adherence of Matson's tenets. This case study details the presentation of a 19-year-old patient that presented to the neurological surgery clinic without neurologic deficits. Further questioning revealed complaints of intermittent diffuse headaches with bilateral upper extremity shock-like sensation for two weeks...
June 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687982/adductor-canal-block-in-combination-with-posterior-capsular-infiltration-on-the-pain-control-after-tka
#7
M Zhou, H Ding, J Ke
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal block (ACB) and local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) are both widely accepted techniques for postoperative pain control without quadriceps weakness after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the above techniques are insufficient in efficacy or duration. AIMS: The aim of our study was to address whether ACB plus posterior capsular infiltration (PCI) result in improved analgesia compared with ACB or LIA in patients underwent TKA during 48 h after operation...
July 7, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682439/the-effect-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-under-different-anesthesia-on-pain-and-immunity-of-patients-with-prolapse-of-lumbar-intervertebral-disc
#8
S-J Wang, B-H Chen, P Wang, C-S Liu, J-M Yu, X-X Ma
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy under different anesthesia on pain and immunity of patients with lumbar disc herniation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 92 cases of patients with lumbar disc herniation in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from February 2015 to January 2016 were collected. These patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group (n = 46). Patients in the control group underwent percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy with the use of local anesthesia, while patients in the observation group used continuous epidural anesthesia...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663622/comparative-evaluation-of-continuous-thoracic-paravertebral-block-and-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-techniques-for-post-operative-pain-relief-in-patients-undergoing-open-nephrectomy-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-study
#9
Sujeet Kumar Singh Gautam, Pravin Kumar Das, Anil Agarwal, Sanjay Kumar, Sanjay Dhiraaj, Abhishek Keshari, Abinash Patro
BACKGROUND: Open surgical procedures are associated with substantial postoperative pain; an alternative method providing adequate pain relief with minimal side effects is very much required. AIM: The aim of this study was a comparative evaluation of the efficacy of continuous thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) and thoracic epidural analgesia (EA) for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing open nephrectomy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, and single-blind study...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652661/observation-of-the-effect-of-targeted-therapy-of-64-slice-spiral-ct-combined-with-cryoablation-for-liver-cancer
#10
Qiao-Huan Yan, Dian-Guo Xu, Yan-Feng Shen, Ding-Ling Yuan, Jun-Hui Bao, Hai-Bin Li, Ying-Gang Lv
AIM: To observe the effect of targeted therapy with 64-slice spiral computed tomography (CT) combined with cryoablation for liver cancer. METHODS: A total of 124 patients (142 tumors) were enrolled into this study. According to the use of dual-slice spiral CT or 64-slice spiral CT as a guide technology, patients were divided into two groups: dual-slice group (n = 56, 65 tumors) and 64-slice group (n = 8, 77 tumors). All patients were accepted and received targeted therapy by an argon-helium superconducting surgery system...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647788/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-two-low-dose-peri-operative-dexamethasone-on-pain-and-recovery-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Yi-Ting Lei, Bin Xu, Xiao-Wei Xie, Jin-Wei Xie, Qiang Huang, Fu-Xing Pei
PURPOSE: To evalute the efficacy and safety of two low-dose peri-operative dexamethasone on pain and recovery following total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: One hundred ten patients received two-dose of 10 mg IV-dexamethasone (group dexa) or IV-isotonic saline (group placebo). The level of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), pain at rest and during mobilization, incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), intensity of nausea, post-operative fatigue, consumption of analgesic and antiemetic rescue, range of motion (ROM), post-operative length of stay (post-operative LOS), wound problems and complications were recorded and compared...
June 25, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626981/post-discharge-nausea-and-vomiting-after-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-and-standardised-ponv-prophylaxis-for-ambulatory-surgery
#12
U Bruderer, A Fisler, M P Steurer, M Steurer, A Dullenkopf
BACKGROUND: The incidence of post-discharge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) after ambulatory anaesthesia using total intravenous anaesthesia with a risk-stratified anti-emetic approach is not well documented in the literature. In this study, we outline such an approach. The goal was to achieve an acceptably low rate of PDNV both immediately and the day after surgery. METHODS: With ethics committee approval, adult patients undergoing outpatient surgery received a Propofol-based general anaesthetic plus standardised PONV-prophylaxis corresponding to their Apfel risk-score (0-4); ondansetron (risk-score 2), additional dexamethasone (risk-score 3), and additional droperidol (risk-score 4)...
June 18, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622694/the-effect-of-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-on-early-pain-hyperalgesia-in-patients-following-elective-laparoscopic-transabdominal-resection-of-rectal-cancer
#13
Min Liang, Chang-Ying Li, Chun-Guang Ren, Zong-Wang Zhang, Zhi-Jian Fu
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy has been associated with hyperalgesia. This prospective study was designed to investigate the effect of intraperitoneal chemotherapy with lobaplatin on post-operative pain intensity and sufentanil requirements after laparoscopic transabdominal resection of rectal cancer. METHODS: Eighty subjects (40 subjects treated with intraperitoneal chemotherapy and 40 subjects without chemotherapy treatment) scheduled for laparoscopic transabdominal resection of rectal cancer were included in this study...
June 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610572/postlaparoscopic-reduction-of-pain-by-combining-intraperitoneal-normal-saline-and-the-pulmonary-recruitment-maneuver-polar-bear-trial-rct-to-estimate-reduction-in-pain-after-laparoscopic-surgery-when-using-a-combination-therapy-of-intraperitoneal-normal-saline
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J E W van Dijk, S J Dedden, P M A J Geomini, P Meijer, N van Hanegem, M Y Bongers
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and pain in the upper abdomen are common complaints after laparoscopy, sometimes surpassing the pain at incision sites. The incidence of shoulder pain ranges from 35 to 80%. Post-laparoscopic pain is caused by retention of carbon dioxide in the abdomen, which irritates the phrenic nerve and diaphragm, causing referred pain in the shoulder and in the upper abdomen. A promising strategy to reduce this post-laparoscopic pain is the pulmonary recruitment maneuver, which indirectly increases intraperitoneal pressure and thereby facilitates removal of residual carbon dioxide...
June 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607894/impact-of-co-existing-vascular-headache-on-symptom-relief-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#15
Shilpa Chandrashekarappa, Sandeep Shetty, T Shivaram Shetty, Amjad Khan, Parijat Joshi
Vascular headache and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are diseases that share similar symptoms and demographics, including headache, facial pain and nasal symptoms. Contribution of chronic sinusitis as a cause of chronic headache is controversial, as there are scarce studies to know incidence of vascular headache in patients with CRS. To evaluate incidence of vascular headache in patients with CRS. Using descriptive study design, group of 100 patients with symptoms of CRS with headache were included in study. Patients underwent surgical management and 3% managed medically...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592166/continuous-bilateral-thoracic-paravertebral-blockade-for-analgesia-after-cardiac-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Geoff G Lockwood, Leilani Cabreros, Dorota Banach, Prakash P Punjabi
BACKGROUND: Continuous bilateral thoracic paravertebral blockade has been used for analgesia after cardiac surgery, but its efficacy has never been formally tested. METHOD: Fifty adult patients were enrolled in a double-blind, randomised, controlled study of continuous bilateral thoracic paravertebral infusion of 0.5% lidocaine (1 mg.kg(-1).hr(-1)) for analgesia after coronary surgery. Control patients received a subcutaneous infusion of lidocaine at the same rate through catheters inserted at the same locations as the study group...
June 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591085/influence-of-oprm1-polymorphism-on-post-operative-pain-after-intrathecal-morphine-administration-in-italian-patients-undergoing-elective-cesarean-section
#17
Eleonora Pettini, Massimo Micaglio, Ubaldo Bitossi, Angelo Raffaele De Gaudio, Duccio Rossi Degl'Innocenti, Lorenzo Tofani, Vittorio Limatola, Chiara Adembri, Alessandro Di Filippo
OBJECTIVES: the aim of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the influence of OPRM1 polymorphism on the analgesic efficacy (including VAS scores and requirement for rescue analgesia) of a standard dose of intrathecal morphine METHODS:: an Italian cohort of 63 parturients, scheduled for elective cesarean section at a tertiary University Hospital, received a spinal anesthesia with hyperbaric bupivacaine and morphine 100 mcg. For the first 48 hours in the post-operative period the patients received acetaminophen 1 g IV q6hr...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551058/-anesthesia-recovery-comparison-between-remifentanil-propofol-and-remifentanil-desflurane-guided-by-bispectral-index-%C3%A2-monitoring
#18
Raphael Grossi Rocha, Eduardo Giarola Almeida, Lara Moreira Mendes Carneiro, Natália Farias de Almeida, Walkíria Wingester Vilas Boas, Renato Santiago Gomez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a strong demand for fast and predictable anesthesia recovery with few side effects. Choice of the hypnotic agent could impact on that. This study investigated the differences between recoveries after remifentanil-propofol and remifentanil-desflurane anesthesias guided by bispectral index (BIS(®)). METHODS: Forty patients were randomly assigned into 2 groups according to the anesthesia technique applied: remifentanil-propofol (REM-PRO) and remifentanil-desflurane (REM-DES)...
May 25, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515518/is-segmental-epidural-anaesthesia-an-optimal-technique-for-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#19
Devangi A Parikh, Geeta A Patkar, Mayur S Ganvir, Ajit Sawant, Bharati A Tendolkar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Neuraxial anaesthesia has recently become popular for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We conducted a study comparing general anaesthesia (GA) with segmental (T6-T12) epidural anaesthesia (SEA) for PCNL with respect to anaesthesia and surgical characteristics. METHODS: Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status-I and II patients undergoing PCNL randomly received either GA or SEA. Overall patient satisfaction was the primary end point...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508180/a-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-throat-packs-during-nasal-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Ali Al-Lami, Kwamena Amonoo-Kuofi, Praneta Kulloo, Raj Lakhani, Navin Prakash, Nazir Bhat
The aims of this study were to identify differences in post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and throat pain between throat packed and non-packed patient groups in nasal surgery. This was a prospective, double blind, randomised controlled trial. A water-soaked throat pack gauze was inserted in the mouth to occlude the oropharynx was used in the throat pack group. The second group received no throat pack. A validated PONV questionnaire was completed 6 h post-operatively. Visual analogue scores (VAS) for throat pain were completed in recovery, 2, and 6 h post-operatively...
August 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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