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Complimentary and Alternative Medicine

Dan Jiang, Lily Li, Bai-Yun Zeng
Female infertility is when a woman of reproductive age and sexual active, without contraception, cannot get pregnant after a year and more or keeps having miscarriages. Although conventional treatments for infertility such as hormone therapy, in vitro fertilization and many more, helped many female patients with infertility get pregnant during past a few decades, it is far from satisfactory with prolonging treatment time frames and emotional and financial burden. In recent years, more patients with infertile problems are seeking to alternative and complementary medicines to achieve a better outcome...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
Ivette J Suárez-Arroyo, Yaliz Loperena-Alvarez, Raysa Rosario-Acevedo, Michelle M Martínez-Montemayor
For the past several decades, cancer patients in the U.S. have chosen the use of natural products as an alternative or complimentary medicine approach to treat or improve their quality of life via reduction or prevention of the side effects during or after cancer treatment. The genus Ganoderma includes about 80 species of mushrooms, of which several have been used for centuries in traditional Asian medicine for their medicinal properties, including anticancer and immunoregulatory effects. Numerous bioactive compounds seem to be responsible for their healing effects...
March 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
T Lakshmipriya, T Soumya, P R Jayasree, P R Manish Kumar
Plants have proved to be an important source of anti-cancer drugs. Wrightia arborea, an Indian Ayurvedic medicinal plant, is used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments. This study evaluates the antiproliferative/apoptotic potential of Wrightia arborea leaf extracts, prepared in different organic solvents, on cancer cell lines. MTT assay, light and fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, DNA laddering, alkaline comet assay, and western blotting were some of the techniques used for evaluation. Combinations of camptothecin, either with CHK1 inhibitor-PD407824 or with W...
July 20, 2017: Protoplasma
Parameswari R, Kamini A Rao, K Mano, M Aruna, A S Vickram, M Rameshpathy, T B Sridharan
Complimentary or natural antioxidant type of alternative medicine is developed worldwide to treat male infertility. The aim of this study is to the extraction of T. arjuna bark and activity against human sperm DNA damage in asthenoteratospermic smoker's subjects-an in vitro study. All preliminary and antioxidant assays (DPPH, H2O2, and total antioxidant, reducing power activity) were done. T. arjuna bark metal analysis was done with AAS. On the other hand, patients were asked to fill a direct questionnaire about smoking history; 25 infertile smokers were identified as asthenoteratospermic; 34 fertile non-smokers (control) were assessed for semen parameters by CASA, seminal plasma Zinc analysis by AAS, DNA fragmentation by colorimetric method and semen genomic DNA damage inhibition by modified non-enzymatic salting out extraction method...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
Wathsala Wijesinghe, Senaka Pilapitiya, Priyani Hettiarchchi, Buddhika Wijerathne, Sisira Siribaddana
Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown aetiology is a significant public health problem in Sri Lanka. The final report by the WHO mission recommended regulation of herbal medicines containing aristolochic acid, which is an established nephrotoxin. The use of Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) has a history of more than 2500 years in Sri Lanka. Aristolochia species are rarely used in Ayurveda and traditional medicine in Sri Lanka. Before regulating the analysis of herbal preparations using Aristolochia, collecting data from CAM practitioners regarding the use of Aristolochia is necessary...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Donna-Ann Thomas, Benjamin Maslin, Aron Legler, Erin Springer, Abbas Asgerally, Nalini Vadivelu
There is increasing interest in the use of complimentary and alternative medicine (CAM) for the treatment of chronic pain. This review examines alternative and complimentary therapies, which can be incorporated as part of a biopsychosocial approach in the treatment of chronic pain syndromes. In the present investigation, literature from articles indexed on PubMed was evaluated including topics of alternative therapies, complimentary therapies, pain psychology, biofeedback therapy, physical exercise therapies, acupuncture, natural and herbal supplements, whole-body cryotherapy, and smartphone technologies in the treatment of chronic pain syndromes...
May 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Kailash Prasad, Ashok Jadhav
Atherosclerosis is the primary cause of coronary artery disease, heart attack, strokes, and peripheral vascular disease. Alternative/complimentary medicines, although are unacceptable by medical community, may be of great help in suppression, slowing of progression and regression of atherosclerosis. Numerous natural products are in use for therapy in spite of lack of evidence. This paper discusses the basic mechanism of atherosclerosis, risk factors for atherosclerosis, and prevention, slowing of progression and regression of atherosclerosis with flaxseed-derived secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG)...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Aishah Knight, Yen Siew Hwa, Hasnah Hashim
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a common cancer affecting women in Malaysia and the use of complementary/ alternative medicine (CAM) has been associated with delays in getting treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the use of CAM and the influencing factors in the Northern region of Peninsular Malaysia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study on a convenience sample of 100 Malaysian breast cancer survivors. FINDINGS: The reported use of CAM among the breast cancer survivors was lower than in other studies but the types of CAM used had a similar pattern with nutrition supplements/vitamins being the most common...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ahmet Keskin, Ugur BIlge
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT) are chronic disorders with which mental disorders may coexist and for which patients may resort to alternative medicine use. Alternative and complementary medicine is a treatment option that patients tend to use. This study is to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among patients diagnosed with DM and HT and their use of alternative medicine methods. Materials and Methods The study was conducted in a primary care setting...
November 2014: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Dani Filc, Nissim Cohen
Black medicine represents the most problematic configuration of informal payments for health care. According to the accepted economic explanations, we would not expect to find black medicine in a system with a developed private service. Using Israel as a case study, we suggest an alternative yet a complimentary explanation for the emergence of black medicine in public health care systems - even though citizens do have the formal option to use private channels. We claim that when regulation is weak and political culture is based on 'do it yourself' strategies, which meant to solve immediate problems, blurring the boundaries between public and private health care services may only reduce public trust and in turn, contribute to the emergence of black medicine...
July 2015: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
Ramakrishna K Kishore, Hulegar A Abhishekh, Kaviraja Udupa, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Gandhidas S Lavekar, Bangalore N Gangadhar, Trichur R Raju, Talakad N Sathyaprabha
INTRODUCTION: Ayurveda (Indian-complimentary and alternative medicine) is still most sought after in India and has promising potential in management of Vishada [major depressive disorder (MDD)]. But, systematic research is lacking. In this study we evaluated of influence of ayurvedic treatment (Panchakarma and Ayushman-15) on psychopathology, heart rate variability (HRV) and endocrinal parameters in patients with major depression. METHODS: 81 drug naive patients diagnosed as Vishada by ayurvedic physician and MDD according to DSM IV-TR were given ayurvedic Virechana module (therapeutic purgation) and were randomized into two groups...
December 2014: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Naomi A Hartley, Susan L Thibeault
OBJECTIVES: To examine the current state of the science regarding the role of systemic hydration in vocal function and health. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: Literature search spanning multiple disciplines, including speech-language pathology, nutrition and dietetics, medicine, sports and exercise science, physiology, and biomechanics. RESULTS: The relationship between hydration and physical function is an area of common interest among multiple professions...
September 2014: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Yared Yigezu, Demissew Berihun Haile, Wubeante Yenet Ayen
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicines have been used for nearly 90% of livestock populations in Ethiopia where complimentary remedies are required to the modern health care system. All plants with pharmacological activity complimentarily prescribed as best choice against livestock diseases. A community based cross - sectional survey was conducted to investigate ethno-veterinary knowledge and practices of study area by purposive sampling techniques. The data from respondents were collected through face-to face interview using pre-tested semi-structured questionnaires, which was further accompanied by field observations of the medicinal plants...
2014: BMC Veterinary Research
Amritanshu Ram, Nagarathna Raghuram, Raghavendra M Rao, Hemant Bhargav, Prasad S Koka, Satyam Tripathi, Raghuram V Nelamangala, Gopinath S Kodaganur, Nagendra Hongasandra Ramarao
CONTEXT AND AIM: Complementary and alternative therapies (CAM) are gaining popularity amongst patients as add on to conventional medicine. Yoga stands third amongst all CAM that is being used by cancer patients today. Different schools of yoga use different sets of practices, with some using a more physical approach and many using meditation and/or breathing. All these modules are developed based on the needs of the patient. This paper is an attempt to provide the basis for a comprehensive need based integrative yoga module for cancer patients at different stages of treatment and follow up...
2012: Journal of Stem Cells
Rabyyan Junaid, Mustafa Abaas, Batool Fatima, Irma Anis, Mehwish Hussain
OBJECTIVES: To determine the attitude towards complementary and alternative medicine among the doctors and patients. METHODS: The study was carried out at Civil Hospital Karachi and Liaquat National University Hospital, Karachi during April to September 2010. Two sets of questionnaires were developed separately for doctors and patients. Each set consisted of queries regarding demographic data of patients and doctors. The questionnaire for the patients contained questions reflecting the general attitude, mode of complimentary and alternative medicine usage, disease referred and the underlined reasons behind pricking the options...
August 2012: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Doug Henry, Leon Rosenthal, David Dedrick, Daniel Taylor
To better gain insight into patient responses to insomnia, we take a medical anthropologically informed approach to patient beliefs and behaviors, particularly those related to self-diagnosis, management, help-seeking, and self-treatment of insomnia. We conducted 24 in-depth qualitative interviews in which participants were asked their beliefs about the origin of their insomnia, its anticipated course, their evaluation of symptoms, their responses, and their expectations surrounding treatment. Important and novel data were generated about patient beliefs and behaviors related to problem sleeping...
2013: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Anthony M Propst, G Wright Bates
Anovulatory disorders are a primary cause of female infertility. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the major cause of anovulation and is generally associated with obesity. Lifestyle changes to encourage weight loss are the initial therapy for overweight and obese patients, followed by clomiphene citrate for ovulation induction. For those patients who fail to ovulate on clomiphene citrate, alternatives, such as letrozole; gonadotropins; and complimentary agents to enhance clomiphene citrate, such as metformin and glucocorticoids, are reviewed...
December 2012: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Ebelechukwu A Odiari, Angelina N Chambers
The use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to alleviate menopausal symptoms is associated with risks of cardiovascular and thromboembolic diseases and breast cancer. In this qualitative study, we investigated how women in low-resource settings manage menopausal symptoms without HRT. We interviewed 34 menopausal Ghanaian women about their sources of information, perceptions, attitudes, and self-management methods for alleviating menopausal symptoms. The majority of the women used a combination of nonhormonal medications and complimentary and alternative medicine (CAM), including dietary modifications, exercise, and other lifestyle changes to effectively manage menopausal symptoms...
2012: Health Care for Women International
T M Sreenivasan
Medical therapies of various kinds practiced round the world have the role of reestablishing a homeostatic balance in an individual. Both the scientific community and populace at large take it for granted that Western (or as it is called, Modern) medicine is scientific while traditional medicine as unscientific and purely empirical, while the first idea may be partly true, the second attitude is completely false. The choice of a medical technology-be it modern medicine, Ayurveda, acupuncture or any other natural or man-made technology-should rest with the society depending on the technology's efficacy for the particular disease in question, its immediate availability, cost effectiveness, psychosocial acceptance etc...
April 1985: Ancient Science of Life
Floyd Dukes, Stathis Kanterakis, James Lee, Ralph Pietrofesa, Emily S Andersen, Evguenia Arguiri, Sonia Tyagi, Louise Showe, Yassine Amrani, Melpo Christofidou-Solomidou
BACKGROUND: Flaxseed (FS), a nutritional supplement consisting mainly of omega-3 fatty acids and lignan phenolics has potent anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic and antioxidant properties. The usefulness of flaxseed as an alternative and complimentary treatment option has been known since ancient times. We have shown that dietary FS supplementation ameliorates oxidative stress and inflammation in experimental models of acute and chronic lung injury in mice resulting from diverse toxicants...
2012: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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