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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239690/antibody-drug-conjugates-design-and-development-for-therapy-and-imaging-in-and-beyond-cancer-labex-mabimprove-industrial-workshop-july-27-28-2017-tours-france
#1
Camille Martin, Claire Kizlik-Masson, André Pèlegrin, Hervé Watier, Marie-Claude Viaud-Massuard, Nicolas Joubert
The annual "Antibody Industrial Symposium", co organized by LabEx MAbImprove, MabDesign and Polepharma, was held in Tours, France on June 27-28, 2017. The focus was on antibody-drug-conjugates (ADCs), new entities which realize the hope of Paul Ehrlich's magic bullet. ADCs result from the bioconjugation of a highly cytotoxic drug to a selective monoclonal antibody, which acts as a vector. Building on knowledge gained during the development of three approved ADCs, brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris®), ado trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla®) and inotuzumab ozogamicin (Besponsa®), and the many ADCs in development, this meeting addressed strategies and the latest innovations in the field from fundamental research to manufacturing...
December 14, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239046/sperm-preparation-through-sephadex%C3%A2-filtration-improves-in-vitro-fertilization-rate-of-buffalo-oocytes
#2
A U Husna, A Azam, S Qadeer, M A Awan, S Nasreen, Q Shahzad, A Fouladi-Nashta, M Khalid, S Akhter
Routinely, swim-up method is used to separate high-quality sperm; however, long processing time and close cell-to-cell contact during the centrifugation step are inevitable elements of oxidative stress to sperm. The objective was to evaluate Sephadex™ and glass wool filtration to separate motile, intact and viable sperm for in vitro fertilization in buffalo. The cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from ovaries of slaughtered buffaloes by aspiration and matured for 24 hr in CO2 incubator at 38...
December 14, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225083/computer-aided-diagnosis-for-identifying-and-delineating-early-gastric-cancers-in-magnifying-narrow-band-images
#3
Takashi Kanesaka, Tsung-Chun Lee, Noriya Uedo, Kun-Pei Lin, Huai-Zhe Chen, Ji-Yuh Lee, Hsiu-Po Wang, Hsuan-Ting Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) is important in the diagnosis of early gastric cancers (EGCs), but requires expertise to master. We developed a computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) system to assist endoscopists in identifying and delineating EGCs. METHODS: We retrospectively collected and randomly selected 66 EGC M-NBI images and 60 non-cancer M-NBI images into a training set, and 61 EGC M-NBI images and 20 non-cancer M-NBI images into a test set...
December 7, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121935/bioconversion-of-distillers-grains-hydrolysates-to-advanced-biofuels-by-an-escherichia-coli-co-culture
#4
Fang Liu, Weihua Wu, Mary B Tran-Gyamfi, James D Jaryenneh, Xun Zhuang, Ryan W Davis
BACKGROUND: First generation bioethanol production utilizes the starch fraction of maize, which accounts for approximately 60% of the ash-free dry weight of the grain. Scale-up of this technology for fuels applications has resulted in a massive supply of distillers' grains with solubles (DGS) coproduct, which is rich in cellulosic polysaccharides and protein. It was surmised that DGS would be rapidly adopted for animal feed applications, however, this has not been observed based on inconsistency of the product stream and other logistics-related risks, especially toxigenic contaminants...
November 9, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096262/co-exposure-to-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-does-not-affect-cadmium-toxicity-in-radish-seeds-raphanus-sativus
#5
R Roshan Manesh, G Grassi, E Bergami, L F Marques-Santos, C Faleri, G Liberatori, I Corsi
Recent developments on environmental fate models indicate that as nano waste, engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) could reach terrestrial ecosystems thus potentially affecting environmental and human health. Plants can be therefore exposed to ENMs but controversial data in terms of fate and toxicity are currently available. Furthermore, there is a current lack of information on complex interactions/transformations to which ENMs undergo in the natural environment as for instance interacting with existing toxic compounds...
November 6, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049855/intra-arterial-transplantation-of-human-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-hbmmscs-improves-behavioral-deficits-and-alters-gene-expression-in-rodent-stroke-model
#6
Vibhuti, Rehan Khan, Alpana Sharma, Suman Jain, Sujata Mohanty, Kameshwar Prasad
Stroke is a multi-factorial polygenic disease and is a major cause of death and adult disability. Administration of bone marrow stem cells protects ischemic rat brain by facilitating recovery of neurological functions. But the molecular mechanism of stem cells action and their effect on gene expression is not well explored. In this study, we have transplanted 1× 10(6) human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSCs) in middle cerebral artery occluded (MCAo) adult male Wistar rats through intracarotid artery route at 24 hours after surgery...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045956/-co-morbidity-of-vasovagal-syncope-and-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-with-allergic-diseases-in-children
#7
Y Liao, Q Y Zhang, H X Li, Y L Wang, P Liu, J B DU
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristics of the co-morbidity of vasovagal syncope (VVS) and postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) with allergic diseases in children. METHODS: A re-trospective analysis was launched to summarize the clinical data of children with VVS and POTS. They were divided into allergic group and non-allergic group according to the history of allergic diseases. The participants' clinical characteristics were compared between allergic group and non-allergic group using independent sample t test or rank sum test; composition comparisons were completed by Chi-square test...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975995/mir-146a-inhibits-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-murine-osteoblastic-mc3t3-e1-by-regulating-bcl2
#8
B Zhang, J Yi, C-L Zhang, Q-H Zhang, J-F Xu, H-Q Shen, D-W Ge
OBJECTIVE: The dysregulation of proliferation and apoptosis plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of hormone-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH). The research aimed to explore the regulatory role of miR-146a in dexamethasone (DEX)-induced proliferation and apoptosis change in MC3T3-E1 cells from murine osteoblastic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, MC3T3-E1 was co-cultured with 10-7 DEX for 6 h, then RT-PCR was employed to test the expression level of miR-146a and Bcl2...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963451/cnv-association-meta-analysis-in-191-161-european-adults-reveals-new-loci-associated-with-anthropometric-traits
#9
Aurélien Macé, Marcus A Tuke, Patrick Deelen, Kati Kristiansson, Hannele Mattsson, Margit Nõukas, Yadav Sapkota, Ursula Schick, Eleonora Porcu, Sina Rüeger, Aaron F McDaid, David Porteous, Thomas W Winkler, Erika Salvi, Nick Shrine, Xueping Liu, Wei Q Ang, Weihua Zhang, Mary F Feitosa, Cristina Venturini, Peter J van der Most, Anders Rosengren, Andrew R Wood, Robin N Beaumont, Samuel E Jones, Katherine S Ruth, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jessica Tyrrell, Aki S Havulinna, Harmen Boers, Reedik Mägi, Jennifer Kriebel, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Markus Perola, Markku Nieminen, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Mika Kähönen, Jorma S Viikari, Frank Geller, Jari Lahti, Aarno Palotie, Päivikki Koponen, Annamari Lundqvist, Harri Rissanen, Erwin P Bottinger, Saima Afaq, Mary K Wojczynski, Petra Lenzini, Ilja M Nolte, Thomas Sparsø, Nicole Schupf, Kaare Christensen, Thomas T Perls, Anne B Newman, Thomas Werge, Harold Snieder, Timothy D Spector, John C Chambers, Seppo Koskinen, Mads Melbye, Olli T Raitakari, Terho Lehtimäki, Martin D Tobin, Louise V Wain, Juha Sinisalo, Annette Peters, Thomas Meitinger, Nicholas G Martin, Naomi R Wray, Grant W Montgomery, Sarah E Medland, Morris A Swertz, Erkki Vartiainen, Katja Borodulin, Satu Männistö, Anna Murray, Murielle Bochud, Sébastien Jacquemont, Fernando Rivadeneira, Thomas F Hansen, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Massimo Mangino, Michael A Province, Panos Deloukas, Jaspal S Kooner, Rachel M Freathy, Craig Pennell, Bjarke Feenstra, David P Strachan, Guillaume Lettre, Joel Hirschhorn, Daniele Cusi, Iris M Heid, Caroline Hayward, Katrin Männik, Jacques S Beckmann, Ruth J F Loos, Dale R Nyholt, Andres Metspalu, Johan G Eriksson, Michael N Weedon, Veikko Salomaa, Lude Franke, Alexandre Reymond, Timothy M Frayling, Zoltán Kutalik
There are few examples of robust associations between rare copy number variants (CNVs) and complex continuous human traits. Here we present a large-scale CNV association meta-analysis on anthropometric traits in up to 191,161 adult samples from 26 cohorts. The study reveals five CNV associations at 1q21.1, 3q29, 7q11.23, 11p14.2, and 18q21.32 and confirms two known loci at 16p11.2 and 22q11.21, implicating at least one anthropometric trait. The discovered CNVs are recurrent and rare (0.01-0.2%), with large effects on height (>2...
September 29, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945223/role-of-jmjd2b-in-colon-cancer-cell-survival-under-glucose-deprived-conditions-and-the-underlying-mechanisms
#10
L-N Fu, Y-Q Wang, J Tan, J Xu, Q-Y Gao, Y-X Chen, J-Y Fang
Metabolic stress is a common phenomenon in solid tumors. Compensatory mechanisms to overcome metabolic stress (glucose deprivation) are vital to tumor cell survival. The histone demethylase Jumonji domain-containing protein 2B (JMJD2B) is vital for the growth and progression of various cancers. However, the role of JMJD2B during glucose deprivation remains unclear. Our aim was to examine the function of JMJD2B in glucose-deprived colon cancer cells and the involvement of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1)...
September 25, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926691/cobalt-porphyrin-thiazyl-radical-coordination-polymers-toward-metal-organic-electronics
#11
Delia A Haynes, Laura J van Laeren, Orde Q Munro
Herein we delineate an unusual one-dimensional coordination polymer (CP), 3, prepared from S = 1/2 Co(TPP), 1 (TPP = 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrin dianion), and S = 1/2 4-(4'-pyridyl)-1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl (py-DTDA) radical, 2. The atypically long S-S distance for CP 3 (2.12 Å) reflects fractional electron transfer from the formally Co(II) ion into the antibonding π-SOMO of the metal-bound py-DTDA bridging ligand. The bonding in solid CP 3 involves noninteger redox states in a resonance hybrid repeat unit best formulated as [Co(TPP)](0...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919508/pro-inflammatory-chitosan-poly-%C3%AE-glutamic-acid-nanoparticles-modulate-human-antigen-presenting-cells-phenotype-and-revert-their-pro-invasive-capacity
#12
Flávia Castro, Marta L Pinto, Andreia M Silva, Catarina L Pereira, Graciosa Q Teixeira, Maria Gomez-Lazaro, Susana G Santos, Mário A Barbosa, Raquel M Gonçalves, Maria J Oliveira
Anticancer immune responses depend on efficient presentation of tumor antigens and co-stimulatory signals provided by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). However, it is described that immature dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages at the tumor site may have an immunosuppressive profile, which limits the activity of effector T cells and supports tumor progression. Therapeutic targeting of these innate immune cells, either aiming at their elimination or re-polarization towards an immunostimulatory profile, has been pointed as an attractive approach to control tumor progression...
November 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892048/cdkn2b-deletion-is-essential-for-pancreatic-cancer-development-instead-of-unmeaningful-co-deletion-due-to-juxtaposition-to-cdkn2a
#13
Q Tu, J Hao, X Zhou, L Yan, H Dai, B Sun, D Yang, S An, L Lv, B Jiao, C Chen, R Lai, P Shi, X Zhao
Pancreatic cancer is among the deadliest malignancies; however, the genetic events that lead to pancreatic carcinogenesis in adults remain unclear. In vivo models in which these genetic alterations occur in adult animals may more accurately reflect the features of human cancer. In this study, we demonstrate that inactivation of Cdkn2b (p15ink4b) is necessary for induction of pancreatic cancer by oncogenic KRAS(G12D) expression and inactivation of Tp53 and Cdkn2a in adult mouse pancreatic ductal cells (P60 or older)...
September 11, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865856/effect-of-exosomes-from-plasma-of-dairy-cows-with-or-without-an-infected-uterus-on-prostaglandin-production-by-endometrial-cell-lines
#14
Fatema B Almughlliq, Yong Q Koh, Hassendrini N Peiris, Kanchan Vaswani, Scott McDougall, Elizabeth M Graham, Chris R Burke, Murray D Mitchell
A contributing factor to declining fertility in dairy cows is an activated inflammatory system associated with uterine infection. Detecting uterine disease using biomarkers may allow earlier diagnosis and intervention with resultant improvements in fertility. Exosomes are known to participate in intercellular communication, paracrine, and endocrine signaling. Exosomes carry a cargo of proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids that represent specific cellular sources. Prostaglandins are lipids that are critical determinants of bovine fertility...
November 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835078/-killing-effect-of-icotinib-combined-with-cik-on-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells-in-vitro
#15
B Q Yao, Y Jia, J Q Guo, Q Zhao, H Sun, J P Zhang
Objective: To explore the inhibitory effect of icotinib combined with cytokine induced killer (CIK) on various human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines in vitro. Methods: The inhibitory effect of icotinib alone or icotinib combined with CIK on HCC827 and A549 cells was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8). The apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry via Annexin V/PI staining. The effect of icotinib on CIK phenotype was detected by flow cytometry. Results: The inhibitory rates of HCC827 cells treated with 1.5, 3, 6, 12 μmol/L icotinib were (5...
August 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820501/interleukin-armed-chimeric-antigen-receptor-modified-t-cells-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#16
REVIEW
Y Huang, D Li, D-Y Qin, H-F Gou, W Wei, Y-S Wang, Y-Q Wei, W Wang
Chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells (CAR-T) are endowed with cytotoxic specificity to tumor cells. Although CAR-T-based cancer immunotherapy presents curable therapeutic potential for hematological malignancies, achieving substantial efficacy for solid tumors remain challenging. Researchers have exploited many strategies to enhance the anti-tumor efficacy of CAR-T cells for solid tumors, among which cytokine-armed CAR-T cells improve the proliferation, survival, homing and other properties of CAR-T cells...
August 18, 2017: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817833/fmnl2-destabilises-commd10-to-activate-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-invasion-and-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer
#17
S S Yang, X M Li, M Yang, X L Ren, J L Hu, X H Zhu, F F Wang, Z C Zeng, J Y Li, Z Q Cheng, W T Liao, Y Q Ding, J Guan, L Liang
BACKGROUND: Diaphanous-related formins (DRFs), actin necleator, have been known to participate in the progression of cancer cells. We previously reported that FMNL2 (Formin-like2), a member of DRFs, was a positive regulator in colorectal cancer (CRC) metastasis, yet proteins and pathways required for the function of this pro-invasive DRFs remain to be identified. METHODS: The relationship between FMNL2 and COMMD10 was examined using Co-IP, GST pull-down, immunofluorescence and in vitro ubiquitination assay...
October 10, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783169/glioblastoma-stem-cells-exploit-the-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-8-integrin-tgf%C3%AE-1-signaling-axis-to-drive-tumor-initiation-and-progression
#18
P A Guerrero, J H Tchaicha, Z Chen, J E Morales, N McCarty, Q Wang, E P Sulman, G Fuller, F F Lang, G Rao, J H McCarty
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a primary brain cancer that contains populations of stem-like cancer cells (GSCs) that home to specialized perivascular niches. GSC interactions with their niche influence self-renewal, differentiation and drug resistance, although the pathways underlying these events remain largely unknown. Here, we report that the integrin αvβ8 and its latent transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) protein ligand have central roles in promoting niche co-option and GBM initiation. αvβ8 integrin is highly expressed in GSCs and is essential for self-renewal and lineage commitment in vitro...
August 7, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768454/insight-into-the-structural-requirements-of-thiophene-3-carbonitriles-based-murf-inhibitors-by-3d-qsar-molecular-docking-and-molecular-dynamics-study
#19
Mohammed Afzal Azam, Srikanth Jupudi
The discovery of clinically relevant inhibitors against MurF enzyme has proven to be a challenging task. In order to get further insight into the structural features required for the MurF inhibitory activity, we performed pharmacophore and atom-based three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship studies for novel thiophene-3-carbonitriles based MurF inhibitors. The five-feature pharmacophore model was generated using 48 inhibitors having IC50 values ranging from 0.18 to 663 μm. The best-fitted model showed a higher coefficient of determination (R(2) = 0...
October 2017: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749822/comparison-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-participants-enrolled-in-a-multinational-clinical-trial-hptn-052
#20
Amy E Greer, San-San Ou, Ethan Wilson, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Michael S Forman, Marybeth McCauley, Theresa Gamble, Cholticha Ruangyuttikarn, Mina C Hosseinipour, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Mulinda Nyirenda, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Natthapol Kosashunhanan, Marineide Gonçalves de Melo, Joseph Makhema, Victor Akelo, Ravindre Panchia, Sharlaa Badal-Faesen, Ying Q Chen, Myron S Cohen, Susan H Eshleman, Chloe L Thio, Alexandra Valsamakis
OBJECTIVE: Data comparing hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in HIV-infected [HIV(+)], and HIV-uninfected [HIV(-)] individuals recruited into the same study are limited. HBV infection status and chronic hepatitis B (cHB) were characterized in a multinational clinical trial: HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN 052). METHOD: HBV infection status at enrollment was compared between HIV(+) (N = 1241) and HIV(-) (N = 1232) from 7 HBV-endemic countries. Hepatitis B e antigen and plasma HBV DNA were determined in cHB...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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