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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673266/level-of-agreement-between-medical-record-and-icd-10-am-coding-of-mental-health-alcohol-and-drug-conditions-in-trauma-patients
#1
Tu Q Nguyen, Pamela M Simpson, Sandra C Braaf, Peter A Cameron, Rodney Judson, Belinda J Gabbe
BACKGROUND: Despite the reliance on administrative data in epidemiological studies, there is little information on the completeness of co-morbidities in administrative data coded from medical records. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the agreement between the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM) administrative coding of mental health, drug and alcohol co-morbidities and medical records in a severely injured patient population...
January 1, 2018: Health Information Management: Journal of the Health Information Management Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648565/the-influence-of-pseudohalide-ligands-on-the-sim-behaviour-of-four-coordinate-benzylimidazole-containing-cobalt-ii-complexes
#2
A Switlicka, B Machura, R Kruszynski, J Cano, L M Toma, F Lloret, M Julve
Three, mononuclear complexes of the formula [Co(bmim)2(SCN)2] (1), [Co(bmim)2(NCO)2] (2) and [Co(bmim)2(N3)2] (3) [bmim = 1-benzyl-2-methylimidazole] were prepared and structurally analyzed by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The cobalt(ii) ions in 1-3 are tetrahedrally coordinated with two bmim molecules and two pseudohalide anions. The angular distortion parameter δ was calculated and the SHAPE program (based on the CShM concept) was used for 1-3 to estimate the angular distortion from an ideal tetrahedron...
April 12, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624004/a-method-for-tracing-exogenous-dna-uptake-in-live-spermatozoa-and-embryos
#3
Y Mu, M Jiao, Y Zhao, J Lv, J Wang, J Hao, X Zhang, Q Kong, Z Liu
Sperm-mediated gene transfer(SMGT) is a simple method for producing transgenic animals. Due to the lack of repeatability in spermatozoa binding and internalization of exogenous DNA, the efficiency of SMGT is still low. Considering this point, the present work aims to develop a method for evaluating the spermatozoa capacity of binding exogenous DNA after co-incubation with DNA. The main approach is using a Cy5-labelled DNA to trace the exogenous DNA and assess the ability of spermatozoa to take up exogenous DNA...
March 2018: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622873/clinico-hematological-profile-of-hb-q-india-an-uncommon-hemoglobin-variant
#4
Aradhana Harrison, Ranjeet Singh Mashon, Naveen Kakkar, Sheila Das
Inherited hemoglobin disorders include thalassemias and structural variants like HbS, HbE, and HbD, Hb Lepore, HbD-Iran, Hb-H disease and HbQ India. HbQ India is an uncommon alpha-chain structural hemoglobin variant seen in North and West India. Patients are mostly asymptomatic and often present in the heterozygous state or co-inherited with beta-thalassaemia. This study was done in a tertiary care teaching hospital in North India over a period of 7 years among patients referred from antenatal and other clinics for screening of hemoglobin disorders...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614603/-serotype-distribution-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-isolates-from-retail-chicken-carcasses-in-six-provinces-of-china
#5
Y J Hu, Y Y He, Y R Wang, C Liu, M M Wang, X Gan, W Wang, S F Yan, Y Bai, Z X Peng, F Q Li, J Xu
Objective: To obtain the serotype diversity and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolates recovered from retail chicken carcasses for sale in six regions of China. Methods: From August 2010 to March 2012, each month 20 retail chicken carcasses including freshly slaughtered, chilled and frozen samples were collected from supermarkets and farmer's markets in 7 monitoring sites in Beijing, Jilin province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous, Shanxi province, Jiangsu province and Guangdong province, respectively. Samples were routinely collected for 12 months for each site...
April 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596446/gut-microbiota-varies-by-opioid-use-circulating-leptin-and-oxytocin-in-african-american-men-with-diabetes-and-high-burden-of-chronic-disease
#6
Elena Barengolts, Stefan J Green, Yuval Eisenberg, Arfana Akbar, Bharathi Reddivari, Brian T Layden, Lara Dugas, George Chlipala
OBJECTIVE: The gut microbiota is known to be related to type 2 diabetes (T2D), psychiatric conditions, and opioid use. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that variability in gut microbiota in T2D is associated with psycho-metabolic health. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among African American men (AAM) (n = 99) that were outpatients at a Chicago VA Medical Center. The main outcome measures included fecal microbiota ecology (by 16S rRNA gene sequencing), psychiatric disorders including opioid use, and circulating leptin and oxytocin as representative hormone biomarkers for obesity and psychological pro-social behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582471/characterization-of-transcriptional-complexity-during-pre-implantation-development-of-the-yak-bos-grunniens-using-rna-seq
#7
X-D Zi, B Luo, W Xia, Y-C Zheng, X-R Xiong, J Li, J-C Zhong, J-J Zhu, Z-F Zhang
The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism that regulates pre-implantation development of the yak (Bos grunniens). We determined the transcriptomes of in vitro-produced yak embryos at two-cell, four-cell, eight-cell stages, and morula and blastocyst using the Illumina RNA-seq for the first time. We obtained 47.36-50.86 million clean reads for each stage, of which, 85.65%-90.02% reads were covered in the reference genome. A total of 17,368 genes were expressed during the two-cell stage to blastocyst of the yak, of which 7,236 genes were co-expressed at all stages, whereas 10,132 genes were stage-specific expression...
March 26, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568107/augmented-capacity-for-peripheral-serotonin-release-in-human-obesity
#8
Richard L Young, Amanda L Lumsden, Alyce M Martin, Gudrun Schober, Nektaria Pezos, Sony S Thazhath, Nicole J Isaacs, Nada Cvijanovic, Emily W L Sun, Tongzhi Wu, Christopher K Rayner, Nam Q Nguyen, Dayan de Fontgalland, Philippa Rabbitt, Paul Hollington, Luigi Sposato, Steven L Due, David A Wattchow, Alice P Liou, V Margaret Jackson, Damien J Keating
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Evidence from animal studies highlights an important role for serotonin (5-HT), derived from gut enterochromaffin (EC) cells, in regulating hepatic glucose production, lipolysis and thermogenesis, and promoting obesity and dysglycemia. Evidence in humans is limited, although elevated plasma 5-HT concentrations are linked to obesity. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We assessed (i) plasma 5-HT concentrations before and during intraduodenal glucose infusion (4 kcal/min for 30 min) in non-diabetic obese (BMI 44 ± 4 kg/m2 , N = 14) and control (BMI 24 ± 1 kg/m2 , N = 10) subjects, (ii) functional activation of duodenal EC cells (immunodetection of phospho-extracellular related-kinase, pERK) in response to glucose, and in separate subjects, (iii) expression of tryptophan hydroxylase-1 (TPH1) in duodenum and colon (N = 39), and (iv) 5-HT content in primary EC cells from these regions (N = 85)...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518848/-acute-respiratory-failure-due-to-pneumocystis-pneumonia-in-connective-tissue-disease-patients-clinical-manifestation-and-prognostic-factors-related-to-hospital-mortality
#9
X Huang, L Weng, L Yi, M Li, Y Y Feng, Y Tian, J G Xia, Q Y Zhan, B Du
Objective: To investigate the clinical manifestations and prognostic factors of hospital death in connective tissue disease patients with acute respiratory failure caused by pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) admitted to two medical intensive care units(MICU). Methods: A retrospective review was conducted for all connective tissue disease (CTD) patients with acute respiratory failure from PCP in MICU of 2 academic medical centers between 2010 and 2015. The patients were divided into survivors and non-survivors. Demographic and clinical data, including laboratory, radiological and microbiological findings, as well as therapy, clinical course, mortality and prognostic factors of hospital mortality were included in the analysis...
March 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493079/validating-k-q-1-0-assumption-in-tg51-with-ptw-30013-farmer-chamber-for-varian-truebeam-s-2-5-mv-imaging-beam
#10
Shelby Grzetic, Ahmet S Ayan, Jeffrey Woollard, Nilendu Gupta
AAPM Report 142 recommends and the State of Ohio requires that the imaging dose be quantified in radiotherapy applications. Using the TG51 dose calibration protocol for MV Imaging dose measurement requires knowledge of the kQ parameter for the beam quality and the ionization chamber type under investigation. The %dd(10)x of the Varian TrueBeam 2.5 MV imaging beam falls outside the range of the available data for the calculation of the kQ value. Due to the similarities of the 2.5 MV imaging beam and the60 Co beam, we and others made the assumption that kQ = 1...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483743/-effects-of-rgd-peptides-grafted-porous-tantalum-on-morphological-change-of-mg63-osteoblasts-tantalum-conjunctive-interface-and-expression-of-osteogenesis-factors
#11
H Q Gan, Q Wang, H Zhang, X Liu, H M Deng, H P Song, Z Q Wang, Q J Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the Arg-Gly-Asp polypeptedes (RGD) peptides-modified porous tantalum surface on osteoblasts morphology and expressions of osteogenesis factors, and to evaluate RGD peptides promotes junctura ossium of tantalum-bone interface in vivo. METHODS: RGD peptides of different concentrations (1 g/L, 5 g/L, and 10 g/L) were loaded to porous tantalum slices with a diameter of 10 mm and a thickness of 3 mm by physical absorption. The 3rd generation of MG63 cells were co-cultured with tantalum and divided into 4 groups: Ta-cells (control) group, 1 g/L cells/Ta/RGD group, 5 g/L cells/Ta/RGD group, and 10 g/L cells/Ta/RGD group...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458450/transcriptomic-and-metabolomic-responses-induced-in-the-livers-of-growing-pigs-by-a-short-term-intravenous-infusion-of-sodium-butyrate
#12
E Ren, X Chen, S Yu, J Xu, Y Su, W Zhu
Previous studies showed that butyrate played benefit roles in the health and metabolism of animals. However, little information on the effects of butyrate on the metabolism of piglets at the extraintestinal level is available. The present study investigated transcriptomic and metabolomic responses in the livers of pigs to evaluate the effects of intravenous sodium butyrate (SB) on the body's metabolism at the extraintestinal level. A total of 12 Duroc×Landrace×Large White growing barrows (60 days of age) fitted with jugular vein cannula were randomly allocated to either the SB group or the control (CO) group...
February 20, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426942/galectin-1-is-required-for-the-regulatory-function-of-b-cells
#13
R Alhabbab, P Blair, L A Smyth, K Ratnasothy, Q Peng, A Moreau, R Lechler, R Elgueta, G Lombardi
Galectin-1 (Gal-1) is required for the development of B cells in the bone marrow (BM), however very little is known about the contribution of Gal-1 to the development of B cell regulatory function. Here, we report an important role for Gal-1 in the induction of B cells regulatory function. Mice deficient of Gal-1 (Gal-1-/- ) showed significant loss of Transitional-2 (T2) B cells, previously reported to include IL-10+ regulatory B cells. Gal-1-/- B cells stimulated in vitro via CD40 molecules have impaired IL-10 and Tim-1 expression, the latter reported to be required for IL-10 production in regulatory B cells, and increased TNF-α expression compared to wild type (WT) B cells...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417985/nationwide-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#14
M Trenner, A Kuehnl, B Reutersberg, M Salvermoser, H-H Eckstein
BACKGROUND: There is increasing awareness that women may have worse outcomes following repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The aim of this study was to analyse the association between sex, age and in-hospital mortality after AAA using hospital episode data collected routinely at the nationwide level. METHODS: Data were extracted from the nationwide statutory Diagnosis Related Group statistics provided by the German Federal Statistical Office. Patients with a diagnosis of intact (non-ruptured) AAA (ICD-10 GM I71...
March 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358188/globular-c1q-receptor-p33-binds-and-stabilizes-pro-inflammatory-mcp-1-a-novel-mechanism-for-regulation-of-mcp-1-production-and-function
#15
Emma Anders, Daniel Nebel, Johannes Westman, Heiko Herwald, Bengt-Olof Nilsson, Daniel Svensson
The protein gC1qR (globular C1q receptor), also named p33, was originally identified as a binding partner of the globular heads of C1q in the complement system. gC1qR/p33 is abundantly expressed in many cell types, but the functional importance of this protein is not completely understood. Here, we investigate the impact of gC1qR/p33 on the production and function of the pathophysiologically important chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Knockdown of gC1qR/p33 negatively regulated the production of MCP-1, but had no effect on the expression of transcript for MCP-1 in human periodontal ligament cells, suggesting a translational/post-translational mechanism of action...
February 23, 2018: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354807/main-air-pollutants-and-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Hong-Jie Yang, Xin Liu, Chuan Qu, Shao-Bo Shi, Jin-Jun Liang, Bo Yang
Objective: Previous studies of ambient air pollutants and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) have yielded mixed results, and the association between air pollution and ventricular arrhythmias in these patients remains unclear. This study aimed to assess and quantify the association between exposure to major air pollutants [CO, inhalable particles (PM10 ), SO2 , fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ), O3 , and NO2 ] and the presence of ventricular arrhythmia in patients with ICD...
December 2017: Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347067/isotropic-nematic-transition-for-hard-rods-on-a-three-dimensional-cubic-lattice
#17
A Gschwind, M Klopotek, Y Ai, M Oettel
Using grand-canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations, we investigate the isotropic-nematic phase transition for hard rods of size L×1×1 on a three-dimensional cubic lattice. We observe such a transition for L≥6. For L=6, the nematic state has a negative order parameter, reflecting the co-occurrence of two dominating orientations. For L≥7, the nematic state has a positive order parameter, corresponding to the dominance of one orientation. We investigate rod lengths up to L=25 and find evidence for a very weakly first-order isotropic-nematic transition, while we cannot completely rule out a second-order transition...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323893/modular-fe-iii-8-m-ii-6-n-m-ii-pd-co-ni-cu-coordination-cages
#18
Sergio Sanz, Helen M O'Connor, Priyanka Comar, Amgalanbaatar Baldansuren, Mateusz B Pitak, Simon J Coles, Høgni Weihe, Nicholas F Chilton, Eric J L McInnes, Paul J Lusby, Stergios Piligkos, Euan K Brechin
The reaction of the simple metalloligand [FeIII L3 ] [HL = 1-(4-pyridyl)butane-1,3-dione] with a variety of different MII salts results in the formation of a family of heterometallic cages of formulae [FeIII 8 PdII 6 L24 ]Cl12 (1), [FeIII 8 CuII 6 L24 (H2 O)4 Br4 ]Br8 (2), [FeIII 8 CuII 6 L24 (H2 O)10 ](NO3 )12 (3), [FeIII 8 NiII 6 L24 (SCN)11 Cl] (4), and [FeIII 8 CoII 6 L24 (SCN)10 (H2 O)2 ]Cl2 (5). The metallic skeleton of each cage describes a cube in which the FeIII ions occupy the eight vertices and the MII ions lie at the center of the six faces...
April 2, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315461/no-excess-of-autoimmune-diseases-in-multiple-sclerosis-families-from-the-netherlands
#19
J Y Mescheriakova, R Q Hintzen
OBJECTIVES: Autoimmune diseases (AIDs) cluster in families; however, to what extent AIDs co-occur in MS multiplex families with two or more affected individuals is still controversial. The study aimed to evaluate coexisting AIDs in this type of families from the Netherlands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 155 MS multiplex families (155 MS probands, 959 first-degree relatives and 212 spouses) were characterized for a history of 11 AIDs by means of a self-administered questionnaire...
May 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314157/determination-of-cycloserine-in-microdialysis-samples-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-with-benzoyl-chloride-derivatization
#20
Wenjing Zhang, Sihui Wan, Lizhi Chen, Xuebin Wang, Zhuo Wang, Yi Huang
A new method for the analysis of cycloserine (4-amino-3-isoxazolidinone, CYC) in rat microdialysis samples has been developed. This method consists of derivatizing the CYC with benzoyl chloride, which transforms primary amines into highly stable derivatives. An attractive feature of this method was that the derivatization reaction is straightforward and can be completed within 10 min. The formed derivative, in contrast to the non-derivatized analyte, exhibited increased chromatographic retention and decreased matrix effects resulting from the co-elution of other components using reversed-phase liquid chromatography and on-line switching...
January 4, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
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