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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783253/planning-of-effective-evaluation-of-the-activities-of-hospital-district-at-the-example-of-poltava-region
#1
Vyacheslav M Zhdan, Valentyn M Dvornyk, Viktor P Lysak, Igor M Skrypnyk, Valeriy I Pokhylko, Iryna A Holovanova, Inna V Bielikova, Maxim V Khorosh, Ludmila M Shylkina, Mariya M Tovstiak
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Increasing of the availability and quality of health care in rural areas is one of the priority directions of public health and regional development policy. The need for reforming of the network of secondary health care facilities is due to the fact, that they are unable to meet the needs of the population in this specialized type of medical care in the conditions of the existing structure and funding system. The aim: to analyze the existing legislation regulating the establishment and operation of hospital districts; to determine the methodology for monitoring and evaluating of the activity of the hospital district on the example of the Poltava region...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783009/antiplatelet-medication-reversal-strategies-in-operative-intracranial-hemorrhage-a-survey-of-practicing-neurosurgeons
#2
Paul M Foreman, Adeel Ilyas, James Mooney, Philip G R Schmalz, Beverly C Walters, Christoph J Griessenauer
OBJECTIVE: Antiplatelet therapy is common and complicates the operative management of acute intracranial hemorrhage. Little data exist to guide antiplatelet reversal strategies. METHODS: An online survey detailing antiplatelet reversal strategies in patients presenting with acute operative intracranial hemorrhage (subdural hematoma (SDH), epidural hematoma (EDH), and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) was distributed to board certified neurosurgeons in the North America...
May 18, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782367/jcehp-editorial-board-and-the-quality-assurance-of-scholarly-work
#3
Simon Kitto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781908/musculoskeletal-injury-in-paddle-sport-athletes
#4
Andrew R Griffin, Diana M Perriman, Teresa M Neeman, Paul N Smith
INTRODUCTION: Kayak racing has been an Olympic sport since 1936. The sport is evolving with the introduction of ocean skis and stand-up-paddle boards (SUP). Musculoskeletal injury incidence surveys have been conducted for ultra-marathon events, but no data have been published for other racing formats. OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare the rates and types of injuries sustained by paddling athletes as a function of discipline and training parameters in Sprint, Marathon, Ultra-Marathon, and Ocean events...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781787/evaluating-the-duration-of-prophylactic-post-operative-antibiotic-agents-after-open-reduction-internal-fixation-for-closed-fractures
#5
Brett D Crist, Lasun O Oladeji, Gregory J Della Rocca, David A Volgas, James P Stannard, David D Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The importance of timely pre-operative antibiotic agents for effective surgical prophylaxis has been established but the optimal duration of antimicrobial coverage post-operatively has not yet been defined clearly. The purpose of this study was to determine if prophylactic post- operative cefazolin for 23 hours decreases the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) after open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of closed extremity fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After Institutional Reviews Board approval, patients undergoing ORIF of closed extremity fractures who had a planned post-operative stay of at least 23 hours were randomly assigned to either receive 23 hours of cefazolin or a placebo...
May 21, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781213/thyroid-microcalcifications-in-the-absence-of-identifiable-nodules-and-their-association-with-thyroid-cancer
#6
Carolina Whittle, Marisol García, Eleonora Horvath, Jeannie Slater, Carmen Carrasco
OBJECTIVES: To determine ultrasound (US) and clinical findings of thyroid microcalcifications in the absence of a nodule and their association with the risk of malignancy. METHODS: The Institutional Review Board approved a 5-year retrospective study. Twenty-one patients with clustered or scattered thyroid microcalcifications in the absence of nodules on US images who underwent fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs) were included. Demographic and clinical data, US findings, and pathologic results were registered...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780773/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-placental-site-trophoblastic-tumor-experience-of-single-institution-in-korea
#7
Hye-Joo Lee, Wonkyo Shin, Yun Jeong Jang, Chel Hun Choi, Jeong-Won Lee, Duk-Soo Bae, Byoung-Gie Kim
Objective: Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) is the rarest form of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) and the optimum management is still controversial. In this study, we analyzed the clinical features, treatment, and outcomes of 6 consecutive patients with PSTT treated in our institution. Methods: The electronic medical record database of Samsung Medical Center was screened to identify patients with PSTT from 1994 to 2017. Medical records for the details of each patient's clinical features and treatment were extracted and reviewed...
May 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780319/day-to-day-variability-of-postural-sway-and-its-association-with-cognitive-function-in-older-adults-a-pilot-study
#8
Julia M Leach, Martina Mancini, Jeffrey A Kaye, Tamara L Hayes, Fay B Horak
Introduction : Increased variability in motor function has been observed during the initial stages of cognitive decline. However, the natural variability of postural control, as well as its association with cognitive status and decline, remains unknown. The objective of this pilot study was to characterize the day-to-day variability in postural sway in non-demented older adults. We hypothesized that older adults with a lower cognitive status would have higher day-to-day variability in postural sway. Materials and Methods : A Nintendo Wii balance board (WBB) was used to quantify postural sway in the home twice daily for 30 days in 20 non-demented, community-dwelling older adults: once under a single-task condition and once under a dual-task condition (using a daily word search task administered via a Nook tablet)...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780091/-perspectives-of-the-new-board-certified-geriatric-specialists
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780054/-a-few-tweets-from-editorial-board
#10
Yoshiyuki Hosokai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780046/-study-of-dose-recalculation-method-on-overriding-lung-density-using-cbct-image-in-the-thorax
#11
Hiroshi Watanabe, Shuichi Ozawa, Atsuyuki Ohashi, Koji Ikenaga, Kentaro Miki, Akito Saito, Teiji Nishio, Yuji Murakami, Yasushi Nagata
It is a useful method for the adaptive radiotherapy (ART) to calculate absorbed dose accurately on the image set taken by on-board cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) attached to linac for image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). For this purpose, a simple and accurate calculation method is necessary. Several papers report that it is possible to calculate easily and accurately by using several methods of researches in the neck and prostate, but the lung density varies greatly depending on patient thorax condition...
2018: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779799/impact-of-low-skeletal-muscle-mass-on-non-lung-cancer-mortality-after-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-patients-with-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Yukinori Matsuo, Takamasa Mitsuyoshi, Takashi Shintani, Yusuke Iizuka, Takashi Mizowaki
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate impact of pre-treatment skeletal muscle mass (SMM) on overall survival and non-lung cancer mortality after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: One-hundred and eighty-six patients whose abdominal CT before the treatment was available were enrolled into this study. The patients were divided into two groups of SMM according to gender-specific thresholds for unilateral psoas area...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779609/gastrointestinal-endoscopy-editorial-board-top-10-topics-advances-in-gi-endoscopy-in-2017
#13
David J Desilets, Joo Ha Hwang, Kondal R Kyanam Kabir Baig, Felix W Leung, Jennifer L Maranki, Girish Mishra, Raj J Shah, Lee L Swanstrom, Amitabh Chak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779239/indoor-trichoderma-strains-emitting-peptaibols-in-guttation-droplets
#14
E Castagnoli, T Marik, R Mikkola, L Kredics, M A Andersson, H Salonen, J Kurnitski
AIMS: The production of peptaibols, toxic secondary metabolites of Trichoderma, in the indoor environment is not well-documented. Here we investigated the toxicity of peptaibols in the guttation droplets and biomass of Trichoderma strains isolated from problematic buildings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven indoor-isolated strains of T. atroviride, T. trixiae, T. paraviridescens and T. citrinoviride were cultivated on malt extract agar, gypsum boards and paperboards. Their biomass extracts and guttation droplets were highly cytotoxic in resting and motile boar sperm cell assays and in inhibition of somatic cell proliferation assays...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778958/building-on-common-ground-to-address-biodiversity-conflicts-and-foster-collaboration-in-environmental-management
#15
Lou Lecuyer, Rehema M White, Birgit Schmook, Sophie Calmé
Conservation biology faces critical challenges that require collaborative approaches, including novel strategies to support interactions among actors in biodiversity conflicts. The goals of this study were to investigate the concept of common ground across multiple issues and to explore its practical application for the support of environmental management. We conceptually defined common ground as the areas of relevance underlying the suite of issues expressed by people regarding environmental management in a particular context...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778925/deep-learning-strategy-for-accurate-carotid-intima-media-thickness-measurement-an-ultrasound-study-on-japanese-diabetic-cohort
#16
Mainak Biswas, Venkatanareshbabu Kuppili, Tadashi Araki, Damodar Reddy Edla, Elisa Cuadrado Godia, Luca Saba, Harman S Suri, Tomaž Omerzu, John R Laird, Narendra N Khanna, Andrew Nicolaides, Jasjit S Suri
MOTIVATION: The carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is an important biomarker for cardiovascular diseases and stroke monitoring. This study presents an intelligence-based, novel, robust, and clinically-strong strategy that uses a combination of deep-learning (DL) and machine-learning (ML) paradigms. METHODOLOGY: A two-stage DL-based system (a class of AtheroEdge™ systems) was proposed for cIMT measurements. Stage I consisted of a convolution layer-based encoder for feature extraction and a fully convolutional network-based decoder for image segmentation...
May 12, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778852/do-we-need-independent-data-monitoring-boards-and-adaptive-designs-for-diagnostic-outcome-trials
#17
EDITORIAL
Alan G Fraser, Abbas Zaidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778691/alterations-in-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-values-of-the-kidney-during-the-cardiac-cycle-evaluation-with-ecg-triggered-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging
#18
Katsuyoshi Ito, Minoru Hayashida, Akihiko Kanki, Akira Yamamoto, Tsutomu Tamada, Koji Yoshida, Masahiro Tanabe
PURPOSE: To evaluate dynamic changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the kidney at different time points during the cardiac cycle using electrocardiographic (ECG)-triggered diffusion-weighted MR imaging in normal subjects, and to elucidate the differences in ADC values between the right and left kidneys during a cardiac cycle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was obtained from subjects...
May 17, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778169/rhizophagus-irregularis-influences-as-and-p-uptake-by-alfafa-and-the-neighboring-non-host-pepperweed-growing-in-an-as-contaminated-soil
#19
Xin Zhang, Baihui Ren, Songlin Wu, Yuqing Sun, Baodong Chen, Ruojuan Li
It was documented that arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) play an important role in protecting host plants against arsenic (As) contamination. However, most terrestrial ecosystems contain a considerable number of nonmycorrhizal plants. So far little information is available for the interaction of such non-host plants with AMF under As contaminations. By using a dual compartment cultivation system with a plastic board or a nylon mesh separating roots of non-host pepperweed from roots of the AM-host alfafa plants, avoiding direct root competition, the two plant species were grown separately or partially separated (with rhizosphere effects) in the presence or absence of the AMF Rhizophagus irregularis in As-contaminated soil...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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