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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342289/recent-advances-in-kidney-transplantation-a-viewpoint-from-the-descartes-advisory-board
#1
Daniel Abramowicz, Rainer Oberbauer, Uwe Heemann, Ondrej Viklicky, Licia Peruzzi, Christophe Mariat, Marta Crespo, Klemens Budde, Gabriel C Oniscu
Transplantation medicine is a rapidly evolving field. Keeping afloat of the published literature to offer the best clinical care to our patients is a daunting task. As part of its educational mission, the Descartes advisory board identified seven topics in kidney transplantation where there has been substantial progresses over the last years: kidney allocation within Eurotransplant; kidney exchange strategies; kidney machine perfusion strategies; the changing landscape of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies; the new immunosuppressive drugs in the pipeline; strategies for immunosuppression minimization; and the continuous enigma of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis recurrence after transplantation...
January 12, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342110/medlay-a-reconfigurable-micro-power-management-to-investigate-self-powered-systems
#2
Jan Kokert, Tobias Beckedahl, Leonhard M Reindl
In self-powered microsystems, a power management is essential to extract, transfer and regulate power from energy harvesting sources to loads such as sensors. The challenge is to consider all of the different structures and components available and build the optimal power management on a microscale. The purpose of this paper is to streamline the design process by creating a novel reconfigurable testbed called Medlay. First, we propose a uniform interface for management functions e.g., power conversion, energy storing and power routing...
January 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342038/utility-of-noncontrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-detection-of-recurrent-vestibular-schwannoma
#3
Jamie C Williams, Carrie M Carr, Laurence J Eckel, Amy L Kotsenas, Christopher H Hunt, Matthew L Carlson, John I Lane
BACKGROUND: Gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (T1WI) is the conventional imaging technique of choice to detect vestibular schwannoma (VS) recurrence or regrowth, despite suboptimal specificity secondary to enhancing postoperative changes. Furthermore, recent concerns regarding the accumulation of gadolinium in body tissues have led for a call to reduce the number of contrast-enhanced examinations. The objective of the current study is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of high-resolution noncontrast (three-dimensional [3D] T2) MRI relative to gadolinium-enhanced T1WI in the detection of VS recurrence after resection...
January 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342020/editorial-spring-board-gender-composition-in-high-impact-general-surgery-journals-over-20-years
#4
Chelsea A Harris, Tanima Banerjee, Monica Cramer, Shannon Manz, Sarah T Ward, Justin Dimick, Dana A Telem
OBJECTIVE: To quantify gender composition of 10 high-impact general surgery journals, delineate how board composition has changed over time, and evaluate qualification metrics by gender. BACKGROUND: Underrepresentation of women on editorial boards may contribute to the gender-based achievement gap in surgery. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the editorial board gender composition among 10 high-impact general surgery journals in 1997, 2007, and 2017...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341093/aorn-board-of-directors
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341033/-lung-volume-reduction-surgery
#6
C Caviezel, D Franzen, W Weder
Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) offers improvement in lung function, quality of life and even survival in well selected patients with severe emphysema. Patients with all types of emphysema morphology can profit from LVRS when certain selection criteria are present. Hyperinflation plays a key role in qualifying for the procedure. Candidate selection should be performed at high volume centers with a multidisciplinary emphysema board. Qualified thoracic surgeons together with pulmonologists and radiologists identify the suitable patient considering emphysema morphology with its target areas for resection, lung function parameters and cardiac comorbidities...
January 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340341/credentialing-of-hospitalists-in-ultrasound-guided-bedside-procedures-a-position-statement-of-the-society-of-hospital-medicine
#7
Brian P Lucas, David M Tierney, Trevor P Jensen, Ria Dancel, Joel Cho, Mahmoud El-Barbary, Ricardo Franco-Sadud, Nilam Soni
Ultrasound guidance is used increasingly to perform the following 6 bedside procedures that are core competencies of hospitalists: abdominal paracentesis, arterial catheter placement, arthrocentesis, central venous catheter placement, lumbar puncture, and thoracentesis. Yet most hospitalists have not been certified to perform these procedures, whether using ultrasound guidance or not, by specialty boards or other institutions extramural to their own hospitals. Instead, hospital privileging committees often ask hospitalist group leaders to make ad hoc intramural certification assessments as part of credentialing...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339362/circulation-arrhythmia-and-electrophysiology-editors-and-editorial-board
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339222/measurement-variability-of-liver-metastases-from-neuroendocrine-tumors-on-different-magnetic-resonance-imaging-sequences
#9
T Lestra, L Kanagaratnam, S Mulé, A Janvier, H Brixi, G Cadiot, A Dohan, C Hoeffel
PURPOSE: To assess dimension measurement variability of liver metastases from neuroendocrine tumors (LMNET) on different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved retrospective study from January 2011 to December 2012, all liver MRI examinations performed at our department in patients with at least one measurable LMNET according to response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST1.1) were included...
January 12, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338405/graduate-student-postdoctoral-fellow-section-of-child-maltreatment-editorial-board
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338291/indications-for-surgical-repair-of-type-1-laryngeal-cleft
#11
Craig E Berzofsky, Tali Lando, Sandra Ettema, Jennifer Nelson, Gayle Woodson
OBJECTIVES: Type 1 laryngeal cleft (T1LC) is a congenital deficiency in the posterior glottis, resulting in a communication between the hypopharynx and glottis. No consensus treatment paradigm exists for timing and criteria for patient selection for surgical repair. Our goal is to assess whether patient characteristics can help predict improvement after surgery. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board exemption, a retrospective chart review was performed for patients undergoing surgery to diagnose a T1LC...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338094/postnatal-experiences-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#12
C E Eades, E F France, J M M Evans
AIM: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk of Type 2 diabetes. This study aimed to explore experiences, knowledge and perceptions of women with GDM to inform the design of interventions to prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 16 women with GDM who were recruited from a clinic in one Scottish health board. A framework approach was used to manage and analyse data according to themes informed by psychological theory (self-regulation model and theory of planned behaviour)...
January 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337841/frequency-and-severity-of-acute-allergic-like-reactions-to-intravenously-administered-gadolinium-based-contrast-media-in-children
#13
Monica M Forbes-Amrhein, Jonathan R Dillman, Andrew T Trout, Bernadette L Koch, Julie M Dickerson, Richard M Giordano, Alexander J Towbin
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine the frequency and severity of acute allergic-like reactions to gadolinium-based contrast media (GBCM) in children before, during, and after the transition from gadopentetate dimeglumine to gadoterate meglumine as our primary clinical GBCM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained for this Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant retrospective investigation. Allergic-like reactions to GBCM in pediatric patients were retrospectively assessed from January 2009 to January 2017, which included a departmental change of GBCM from gadopentetate dimeglumine to gadoterate meglumine...
January 15, 2018: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337759/new-diplomates-american-board-of-anesthesiology%C3%A2-fall-2017
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337660/guidance-for-evaluating-the-safety-of-experimental-releases-of-mosquitoes-emphasizing-mark-release-recapture-techniques
#15
Mark Q Benedict, J Derek Charlwood, Laura C Harrington, L Philip Lounibos, William K Reisen, Walter J Tabachnick
Experimental releases of mosquitoes are performed to understand characteristics of populations related to the biology, ability to transmit pathogens, and ultimately their control. In this article, we discuss considerations related to the safety of experimental releases of living mosquitoes, applying principles of good practice in vector biology that protect human health and comfort. We describe specific factors of experimental releases of mosquitoes that we believe are critical to inform institutional biosafety committees and similar review boards to which proposals to conduct mosquito release experiments have been submitted...
January 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336787/clinical-severity-alone-does-not-determine-disposition-decisions-for-patients-in-the-emergency-department-with-suicide-risk
#16
David S Kroll, Jennifer Karno, Brian Mullen, Sejal B Shah, Daniel J Pallin, David F Gitlin
BACKGROUND: Boarding of patients with suicide risk in emergency departments (EDs) negatively affects both patients and society. Factors other than clinical severity may frequently preclude safe outpatient dispositions among suicidal patients boarding for psychiatric admission in the ED. OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which nonclinical factors preclude safe outpatient discharge from the ED among patients boarding for psychiatric admission based on suicide risk...
December 7, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336660/current-practice-patterns-surrounding-fertility-concerns-in-stage-i-seminoma-patients-survey-of-united-states-radiation-oncologists
#17
Carl M Post, Aditya Jain, Catherine Degnin, Yiyi Chen, Mike Craycraft, Arthur Y Hung, Jerry J Jaboin, Charles R Thomas, Timur Mitin
PURPOSE: Patients with testicular seminoma may face fertility issues because of their underlying disease as well as treatments they undergo. The current patterns of practice among U.S. radiation oncologists aimed at assessing and preserving fertility in patients with Stage I seminoma are unknown. METHODS: We surveyed practicing U.S. radiation oncologists via an Institutional Review Board-approved online questionnaire. Respondents' characteristics and perceived patient infertility rates were analyzed for association with treatment recommendations...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336342/-homogeneity-of-the-european-training-program-the-role-of-the-european-board-of-urology
#18
José Luís Domínguez Escrig
From its origins and acting through its specific committees, the E.B.U. has been dedicated to the improvement and standardization of urological training across Europe. Identifying minimal requirements for urology training, publishing a European Curriculum and defining basic rules for accreditation of educational activities, hence, offering a systematic assessment for the recognition of quality. Working through different dedicated committees, the E.B.U. oversees every aspect on the urological training in Europe...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335822/emergency-department-throughput-an-intervention
#19
Nowreen Haq, Rona Stewart-Corral, Eric Hamrock, Jamie Perin, Waseem Khaliq
Shortening emergency department (ED) boarding time and managing hospital bed capacity by expediting the inpatient discharge process have been challenging for hospitals nationwide. The objective of this study is was to explore the effect of an innovative prospective intervention on hospital workflow, specifically on early inpatient discharges and the ED boarding time. The intervention consisted of a structured nursing "admission discharge transfer" (ADT) protocol receiving new admissions from the ED and helping out floor nursing with early discharges...
January 15, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335347/smoking-is-the-most-significant-modifiable-lung-cancer-risk-factor-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Sasha Bernatsky, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Michelle Petri, Murray B Urowitz, Dafna D Gladman, Paul R Fortin, Edward H Yelin, Ellen Ginzler, John G Hanly, Christine Peschken, Caroline Gordon, Ola Nived, Cynthia Aranow, Sang-Cheol Bae, David Isenberg, Anisur Rahman, James E Hansen, Yvan St Pierre, Ann E Clarke
OBJECTIVE: To assess lung cancer risk in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), relative to demographics, drug exposures, smoking, and disease activity. METHODS: We analyzed data from 14 SLE cohorts. We calculated adjusted HR estimates for lung cancer in SLE, relative to demographics, smoking, time-dependent medication exposures, and cumulative disease activity [mean adjusted SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) scores]. This project was approved by the ethics boards of all participating institutions, including the Institutional Review Board of the McGill University Health Centre...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
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