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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817517/the-nurses-on-boards-coalition-the-goal-is-to-have-10-000-nurses-on-boards-by-2020
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817507/comparison-of-consent-models-in-a-randomized-trial-of-corticosteroids-in-pediatric-septic-shock
#2
Kusum Menon, Katharine O'Hearn, James Dayre McNally, Anand Acharya, Hector R Wong, Margaret Lawson, Tim Ramsay, Lauralyn McIntyre, Elaine Gilfoyle, Marisa Tucci, David Wensley, Ronald Gottesman, Gavin Morrison, Karen Choong
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of deferred and prior informed consent models in the context of a low additional risk to standard of care, placebo-controlled randomized controlled trial of corticosteroids in pediatric septic shock. DESIGN: An observational substudy of consent processes in a randomized controlled trial of hydrocortisone versus placebo. SETTING: Seven tertiary level PICUs in Canada. PATIENTS: Children newborn to 17 years inclusive admitted to PICU with suspected septic shock between July 2014 and March 2016...
August 16, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817304/medical-education-and-leadership-in-breastfeeding-medicine
#3
Julie Scott Taylor, Esther Bell
Physicians' experience with high quality training in breastfeeding during their medical education is historically varied. The process of becoming a board-certified physician entails more than 20 years of education, and although medical school and residency training timelines and courses are relatively standardized across the United States and even internationally, breastfeeding education varies greatly across schools and programs. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) exists, in part, because historically, physicians have received too little clinical training in breastfeeding and infant nutrition...
August 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817159/treatment-of-unicameral-bone-cysts-of-the-proximal-femur-with-internal-fixation-lessens-the-risk-of-additional-surgery
#4
Benjamin Wilke, Matthew Houdek, Rameshwar R Rao, Michelle S Caird, A Noelle Larson, Todd Milbrandt
Little data exist to guide the treatment of unicameral bone cysts in the proximal femur. Methods of treatment include corticosteroid injections, curettage and bone grafting, and internal fixation. The authors completed a multi-institutional, retrospective review to evaluate their experience with proximal femoral unicameral bone cysts. They posed the following questions: (1) Does internal fixation reduce the risk of further procedures for the treatment of a unicameral bone cyst? (2) Is radiographic healing faster with internal fixation? Following institutional review board approval, the authors conducted a retrospective review of 36 patients treated for a unicameral bone cyst of the proximal femur at their institutions between 1974 and 2014...
August 17, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816987/analysis-of-background-parenchymal-echogenicity-on-breast-ultrasound-correlation-with-mammographic-breast-density-and-background-parenchymal-enhancement-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Kyung Hee Ko, Hae Kyoung Jung, Inwha Kim
The purpose of this study was to analyze the background parenchymal echotexture (BP echo) on breast ultrasound in detail and to evaluate the relation BP echo with menopausal status. In addition, we correlated BP echo with mammographic breast density (MGD) and background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).The institutional review board of our hospital approved this retrospective study, and the requirement of informed consent was waived. We studied 138 women (mean age 51.6 years, range from 26 to 79 years) with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer, who had performed preoperative mammography, ultrasound, and MR from June 2013 to June 2015...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816956/differential-diagnosis-of-posterior-fossa-brain-tumors-multiple-discriminant-analysis-of-tl-spect-and-fdg-pet
#6
Moritaka Yamauchi, Tomohisa Okada, Tsutomu Okada, Akira Yamamoto, Yasutaka Fushimi, Yoshiki Arakawa, Susumu Miyamoto, Kaori Togashi
This study investigated the combined capability of thallium-201 (Tl)-SPECT and fluorine-18-fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG)-PET for differential diagnosis of posterior fossa brain tumors using multiple discriminant analysis.This retrospective study was conducted under approval of the institutional review board. In the hospital information system, 27 patients with posterior fossa intra-axial tumor between January 2009 and June 2015 were enrolled and grouped as the following 7 entities: low grade glioma (LGG) 6, anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) 2, glioblastoma (GBM) 3, medulloblastoma (MB) 3, hemangioblastoma (HB) 6, metastatic tumor (Mets) 3, and malignant lymphoma (ML) 4...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816614/editorial-board-eov
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816182/a-survey-of-endodontic-practices-among-dentists-in-burkina-faso
#8
Wendpoulomdé Ad Kaboré, Valérie Chevalier, Yolande Gnagne-Koffi, Carole Dw Ouédraogo, Diouma Ndiaye, Babacar Faye
AIM: Dental surgeons must be aware of the most appropriate endodontic treatments and how to properly conduct them. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of dental surgeons in Burkina Faso in terms of endodontic treatment procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed during the regular annual conference of the National Board of Dental Surgeons of Burkina Faso, held on February 27 and 28, 2015 in Ouagadougou, through a questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816136/the-impact-of-music-therapy-on-anxiety-in%C3%A2-cancer-patients-undergoing-simulation-for-radiation-therapy
#9
Andrew Rossetti, Manjeet Chadha, B Nelson Torres, Jae K Lee, Donald Hylton, Joanne V Loewy, Louis B Harrison
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy (RT) is associated with high stress levels. The role of music therapy (MT) for patients receiving RT is not well described. This study evaluates the impact of MT on anxiety and distress during simulation in patients with newly diagnosed head and neck or breast cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This institutional review board-approved randomized trial of MT versus no MT at the time of simulation included the pre-State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S Anxiety) questionnaire and Symptom Distress Thermometer (SDT)...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816068/survey-of-diplomates-of-the-american-board-of-veterinary-toxicology-regarding-perceptions-of-the-value-of-this-certification
#10
David C Dorman, April A Kedrowicz
An anonymous, online questionnaire was sent to active diplomates of the American Board of Veterinary Toxicology (DABVTs; n = 95) to determine the attitudes of veterinary toxicologists toward their ABVT certification and the adequacy of the training programs in this discipline. We gathered information related to demographics, educational and work history, and other specialty board membership. Ten questions sought the respondent's opinion related to the economic value of the specialty, whether workforce shortages for DABVT exist, and whether DABVTs should complete a residency or graduate program...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815938/optimization-of-recombinant-%C3%AE-glucuronidase-hydrolysis-and-quantification-of-eight-urinary-cannabinoids-and-metabolites-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#11
Cristina Sempio, Karl B Scheidweiler, Allan J Barnes, Marilyn A Huestis
Prolonged urinary cannabinoid excretion in chronic frequent cannabis users confounds identification of recent cannabis intake that may be important in treatment, workplace, clinical, and forensic testing programs. In addition, differentiation of synthetic Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) intake from cannabis plant products might be an important interpretive issue. THC, 11-hydroxy-THC (11-OH-THC) and 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC (THCCOOH) urine concentrations were evaluated during previous controlled cannabis administration studies following tandem alkaline/E...
June 14, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815374/the-roles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-on-hispanic-children-s-mental-health-a-motor-skill-perspective
#12
Xiangli Gu, M Jean Keller, Karen H Weiller-Abels, Tao Zhang
PURPOSE: Motor competence (MC) has been recognized as the foundation for life-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as well as an influential factor in reducing sedentary behavior during childhood. Guided by Blair et al.'s health model, the purpose of this study was to examine the behavioral mechanism of mental health including physical, psychosocial, and cognitive health among Hispanic children related to MC and MVPA. METHODS: A prospective research design was used with two-wave assessments across one academic year...
August 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814927/weight-loss-supplements-boon-or-bane
#13
EDITORIAL
Reshma Mohamed Ansari, Norfaizatul Shalida Omar
Dietary health supplements for weight loss seem to be the future nowadays. However, this industry is plagued by lack of regulations and ignorance regarding the constituents of the supplements. Of all the supplements consumed, the ones for weight loss are most commonly found in the market. Reports of liver failure, kidney impairment and worsening of chronic ailments in patients who consume these supplements are surfacing recently which make us question the credibility of these products. The safety of these products lie in the clear stating of the ingredients by the manufacturer, well informed patient, knowledgeable physician and tight regulations from the regulatory board...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814356/pneumococcal-13-valent-conjugate-vaccine-administration-after-inferior-response-to-pneumococcal-vaccine
#14
Ratika Gupta, Chak Shui Wong, Luz Fonacier
BACKGROUND: The pneumococcal vaccine, a nonconjugated vaccine, may be used to evaluate the integrity of the humoral immune system. Those patients with an inferior response to a nonconjugated vaccine may be vaccinated with a conjugated vaccine, which elicits both a B- and T-cell response. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the immunogenicity of a conjugated vaccine in patients with inferior responses to a nonconjugated vaccine. METHODS: This was an institutional review board approved retrospective study that involved 22 patients with suspected specific antibody deficiency who received a nonconjugated vaccine, followed by a conjugated vaccine...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814140/ethical-sensitivity-burnout-and-job-satisfaction-in-emergency-nurses
#15
Cansu Atmaca Palazoğlu, Zeliha Koç
BACKGROUND: Rising levels of burnout and decreasing job satisfaction can inhibit healthcare professionals from providing high-quality care due to a corresponding decrease in their ethical sensitivity. AIM: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the level of ethical sensitivity in emergency service nurses and their levels of burnout and job satisfaction. RESEARCH DESIGN: This research employed a descriptive and cross-sectional design...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814096/ankle-block-vs-single-shot-popliteal-fossa-block-as-primary-anesthesia-for-forefoot-operative-procedures-prospective-randomized-comparison
#16
Oliver N Schipper, Kenneth J Hunt, Robert B Anderson, W Hodges Davis, Carroll P Jones, Bruce E Cohen
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is often difficult to control with oral medications, requiring large doses of opioid analgesia. Regional anesthesia may be used for primary anesthesia, reducing the need for general anesthetic and postoperative pain medication requirements in the immediate postoperative period. The purpose of this study was to compare the analgesic effects of an ankle block (AB) to a single-shot popliteal fossa block (PFB) for patients undergoing orthopedic forefoot procedures...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814056/design-of-a-lightweight-tethered-torque-controlled-knee-exoskeleton
#17
Kirby Ann Witte, Andreas M Fatschel, Steven H Collins
Lower-limb exoskeletons show promise for improving gait rehabilitation for those with chronic gait abnormalities due to injury, stroke or other illness. We designed and built a tethered knee exoskeleton with a strong lightweight frame and comfortable, four-point contact with the leg. The device is structurally compliant in select directions, instrumented to measure joint angle and applied torque, and is lightweight (0.76 kg). The exoskeleton is actuated by two off-board motors. Closed loop torque control is achieved using classical proportional feedback control with damping injection in conjunction with iterative learning...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813970/modelling-engagement-in-dementia-through-behaviour-contribution-for-socially-interactive-robotics
#18
Giulia Perugia, Marta Diaz Doladeras, Andreu Catala Mallofre, Matthias Rauterberg, Emilia Barakova
In this paper, we present a novel tool to measure engagement in people with dementia playing board games and interacting with a social robot, Pleo. We carried out two studies to reach a comprehensive inventory of behaviours accounting for engagement in dementia. The first one is an exploratory study aimed at modelling engagement in cognitive board games. The second one is a longitudinal study to investigate how people with dementia express engagement in cognitive games and in interactions with social robots...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813585/association-of-general-surgery-resident-remediation-and-program-director-attitudes-with-resident-attrition
#19
Alexander C Schwed, Steven L Lee, Edgardo S Salcedo, Mark E Reeves, Kenji Inaba, Richard A Sidwell, Farin Amersi, Chandrakanth Are, Tracey D Arnell, Richard B Damewood, Daniel L Dent, Timothy Donahue, Jeffrey Gauvin, Thomas Hartranft, Garth R Jacobsen, Benjamin T Jarman, Marc L Melcher, John D Mellinger, Jon B Morris, Mark Nehler, Brian R Smith, Mary Wolfe, Amy H Kaji, Christian de Virgilio
Importance: Previous studies of resident attrition have variably included preliminary residents and likely overestimated categorical resident attrition. Whether program director attitudes affect attrition has been unclear. Objectives: To determine whether program director attitudes are associated with resident attrition and to measure the categorical resident attrition rate. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter study surveyed 21 US program directors in general surgery about their opinions regarding resident education and attrition...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813423/health-needs-and-care-seeking-behaviours-of-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#20
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: During the summer of 2014, ISIS overran Nineveh governorate in Northern Iraq. Yazidis and other religious minorities were subjected to brutal attacks and forced to seek refuge into the neighbouring Kurdistan Region, where they remain living in local communities or in camps. This survey provides a population-based assessment of the health needs and care seeking behaviours of Yazidis and other groups currently residing in camps. METHODS: The survey covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: PloS One
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