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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673324/gabriel-richet-when-medicine-combines-with-courage
#1
EDITORIAL
Pierre Ronco
Gabriel Richet, one of the fathers of the French and international Nephrology, was a man remarkable for his courage, vision and empathy. He was proud and brave, and he presented himself proud of being brave. He opens his interview speaking about his youth, when he was injured, and went back to the fight. He cites the number of stitches he received, but doesn't cite being decorated with the Légion d'Honneur, one of the highest honours of the French Republic. This anecdote perfectly illustrates his elegance and detachment from awards and self-satisfaction...
April 19, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672469/cultural-prototypes-and-differences-in-simulation-debriefing
#2
Francis F Ulmer, Rana Sharara-Chami, Zavi Lakissian, Martin Stocker, Ella Scott, Peter Dieckmann
INTRODUCTION: Culture is believed to play a role in education, safety, and patient outcome in healthcare. Hofstede's culture analysis permits a quantitative comparison between countries, along different culture dimensions, including power distance (PD). Power distance index (PDI) is a value reflecting social hierarchy in a country. We sought to explore the relation between PDI and self-reported behavior patterns of debriefers during simulation debriefings. We determined six culture-relevant debriefing characteristics and formulated six hypotheses on how these characteristics correlate with national PDIs...
April 18, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670337/uk-south-asian-patients-experiences-of-and-satisfaction-toward-receiving-information-about-biologics-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Kanta Kumar, Sabrina R Raizada, Christian D Mallen, Rebecca J Stack
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) causes painful joint inflammation and is incurable, but treatments control RA. Drug regimens are complex, and patients often do not take their medication as expected. Poor medication adherence can lead to poorly controlled disease and worse patient outcomes. Biologics treatments are expensive and require full engagement from patients. We have previously shown that patients from Black ethnic minority backgrounds do not fully engage into treatment plan...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668712/psychometric-properties-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-london-measure-of-unplanned-pregnancy-in-women-with-pregnancies-ending-in-birth
#4
Joline Goossens, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke, Geraldine Barrett, Ilse Delbaere, Dimitri Beeckman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy in women with pregnancies ending in birth. METHODS: A two-phase psychometric evaluation design was set-up. Phase I comprised the translation from English into Dutch and pretesting with 6 women using cognitive interviews. In phase II, the reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the LMUP was assessed in 517 women giving birth recently. Reliability (internal consistency) was assessed using Cronbach's alpha, inter-item correlations, and corrected item-total correlations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667499/breaking-the-silence-and-other-prevention-lessons-from-the-opioid-epidemic
#5
Paul E Terry
The goal of this editorial is to equip readers with opioid education resources that enable you to role model what it looks like to speak out about addiction. How are we doing as a profession speaking up about addiction? Stigma is commanded by a deep irony: where peer pressure is what likely keeps us quiet, peer support is what enables us to speak up. The "#MeToo" movement is an extraordinary example of the inertia needed to break open a taboo topic. From Hollywood celebrities to US women's gymnastics stars, it was clear that as more women spoke up about sexual harassment, well, the more women spoke out...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664721/effect-of-adaptive-compression-and-fast-acting-wdrc-strategies-on-sentence-recognition-in-noise-in-mandarin-speaking-pediatric-hearing-aid-users
#6
Haihong Liu, Yuanhu Liu, Ying Li, Xin Jin, Jing Li, Yi Zhou, Wentong Ge, Xin Ni
BACKGROUND: Wide dynamic range compression (WDRC) has been widely used in hearing aid technology. However, several reports indicate that WDRC may improve audibility at the expense of speech intelligibility. As such, a modified amplification compression scheme, named adaptive compression, was developed. However, the effect of compression strategies on speech perception in pediatric hearing aid users has not been clearly reported. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of adaptive compression and fast-acting WDRC processing strategies on sentence recognition in noise with Mandarin, pediatric hearing aid users...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651841/flexible-and-compressible-pedot-pss-melamine-conductive-sponge-prepared-via-one-step-dip-coating-as-piezoresistive-pressure-sensor-for-human-motion-detection
#7
Yichun Ding, Jack Yang, Charles Tolle, Zhengtao Zhu
Flexible and wearable pressure sensor may offer convenient, timely, and portable solutions to human motion detection, yet it is a challenge to develop cost-effective materials for pressure sensor with high compressibility and sensitivity. Herein, a cost-efficient and scalable approach is reported to prepare highly flexible and compressible conductive sponge for piezoresistive pressure sensor. The conductive sponge, PEDOT:PSS@MS, is prepared by one-step dip coating the commercial melamine sponge (MS) in an aqueous dispersion of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)...
April 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650487/speaking-up-about-hand-hygiene-failures-a-vignette-survey-study-among-healthcare-professionals
#8
David L B Schwappach
BACKGROUND: Speaking up by healthcare professionals (HCPs) is an important resource to reduce risks to patient safety. Due to complex tradeoffs, HCPs are often reluctant to voice their concerns. A survey investigated HCPs' likelihood to speak up. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study among HCPs in 5 Swiss hospitals addressed speaking-up behaviors, safety climate, and likelihood to speak up about poor hand hygiene practice described in a vignette. Likelihood to speak up was analyzed using a multilevel regression model...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648911/body-image-perceptions-of-women-veterans-with-military-sexual-trauma
#9
Wyona M Freysteinson, Susan Mellott, Tania Celia, Jinlan Du, Marilyn Goff, Tana Plescher, Zoheb Allam
The researchers were invited to a transitional home for homeless women veterans to help veterans with body image issues. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 12 veterans who perceived they had a physical difference due to military service. Data were obtained in focus groups where the veterans were invited to share stories. Ricoeur's hermeneutic phenomenology guided the study. The research team learned early in the data collection stage that 11 of the 12 participants suffered military sexual trauma (MST)...
April 12, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625860/-the-confusion-assessment-method-transcultural-adaptation-of-a-french-version
#10
V Antoine, J Belmin, H Blain, S Bonin-Guillaume, L Goldsmith, O Guerin, M-J Kergoat, P Landais, R Mahmoudi, J A Morais, P Rataboul, A Saber, S Sirvain, G Wolfklein, B de Wazieres
INTRODUCTION: The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a validated key tool in clinical practice and research programs to diagnose delirium and assess its severity. There is no validated French version of the CAM training manual and coding guide (Inouye SK). The aim of this study was to establish a consensual French version of the CAM and its manual. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation to achieve equivalence between the original version and a French adapted version of the CAM manual...
April 3, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625435/the-impact-of-individual-differences-on-a-bilingual-vocabulary-approach-for-latino-preschoolers
#11
Lucía I Méndez, Elizabeth R Crais, Kirsten Kainz
Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold: First, we replicated in a new sample our previous findings that a culturally and linguistically responsive (CLR) bilingual approach for English vocabulary instruction for preschool Latino dual language learners was effective. Subsequently, we investigated whether the positive effect of CLR instruction varies as a function of individual child characteristics, including baseline vocabulary levels and gender. Method: Using a randomized pretest-posttest follow-up group design, we first replicated our previous study (N = 42) with a new sample by randomly assigning 35 Spanish-speaking Latino preschoolers to a CLR bilingual group or an English-only group...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618882/techniques-to-improve-reliability-and-predictability-of-the-dorsal-pedicled-tongue-flap-in-closure-of-palatal-defects-and-oronasal-fistulae
#12
Colonel Priya Jeyaraj
Introduction: Despite the improvement in surgical techniques in cleft palate surgery, oronasal fistulas continue to remain a challenge, usually the result of residual palatal and alveolar clefts and post-palatoplasty defects. The tongue flap is an extremely versatile, sturdy, reliable and efficient means of closure of anterior as well as posterior, unilateral and bilateral palatal defects, effectively functionally obliterating the oronasal communication, owing much of its success to its highly vascular structure, good mobility, texture match, central location and low donor site morbidity...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618347/undergraduate-medical-students-perceptions-and-intentions-regarding-patient-safety-during-clinical-clerkship
#13
Hoo-Yeon Lee, Myung-Il Hahm, Sang Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine undergraduate medical students' perceptions and intentions regarding patient safety during clinical clerkships. METHODS: Cross-sectional study administered in face-to-face interviews using modified the Medical Student Safety Attitudes and Professionalism Survey (MSSAPS) from three colleges of medicine in Korea. We assessed medical students' perceptions of the cultures ('safety', 'teamwork', and 'error disclosure'), 'behavioural intentions' concerning patient safety issues and 'overall patient safety'...
April 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606519/parental-acceptability-of-hpv-vaccination-for-boys-and-girls-aged-9-13-years-in-china-a-population-based-study
#14
Zixin Wang, Jingjing Wang, Yuan Fang, Danielle L Gross, Martin C S Wong, Eliza L Y Wong, Joseph T F Lau
BACKGROUND: This study was to investigate parental acceptability of HPV vaccination for their sons and daughters aged 9-13 years under different cost scenarios, and factors associated with parental acceptability at market price. METHODS: Participants were: (1) Chinese speaking parents aged 18-60 years with a Hong Kong ID card; (2) had a son or a daughter aged 9-13 years at the date of the survey; (3) the child had the right to abode in Hong Kong. Random telephone numbers were selected from up-to-date telephone directories of Hong Kong...
March 29, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606103/study-design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-combined-educational-and-environmental-intervention-trial-to-lower-sodium-intake-in-swiss-employees
#15
Sigrid Beer-Borst, Xhyljeta Luta, Stefanie Hayoz, Kathrin Sommerhalder, Corinna Gréa Krause, Julia Eisenblätter, Sandra Jent, Stefan Siegenthaler, Rafael Aubert, Max Haldimann, Pasquale Strazzullo
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure is a primary cardiovascular disease risk factor. Population-wide governmental strategies aim to reduce lifestyle and dietary risk factors for hypertension, one of which is an unbalanced diet with high sodium and low potassium intakes. Nutrition interventions in the workplace are considered a promising approach in encouraging health-promoting behaviors. We developed and conducted the health promoting sodium reduction trial "Healthful & Tasty: Sure!" in worksites in the German-speaking part of Switzerland from May 2015 to Nov 2016, for which we present the study protocol and baseline characteristics...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603652/chylomicrons-against-light-scattering-the-battle-for-characterization
#16
Darya N Chernova, Anastasiya I Konokhova, Olga A Novikova, Maxim A Yurkin, Dmitry I Strokotov, Andrei A Karpenko, Andrei V Chernyshev, Valeri P Maltsev
Chylomicrons (CMs) are lipoprotein particles circulating in blood and transporting dietary lipids. Optically speaking, CMs are small compared to the wavelength of visible light and widely distributed by the size and refractive index (RI). Consequently, intensity of light scattered by CMs scales with up to the sixth power of their size, hampering simultaneous analysis of 60 nm and 600 nm CMs. We present an accurate method for quantitative characterization of large-size CM subpopulation by the distributions over size and RI...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600809/radiosurgery-versus-open-surgery-for-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-the-randomized-controlled-rose-trial
#17
Nicholas M Barbaro, Mark Quigg, Mariann M Ward, Edward F Chang, Donna K Broshek, John T Langfitt, Guofen Yan, Kenneth D Laxer, Andrew J Cole, Penny K Sneed, Christopher P Hess, Wei Yu, Manjari Tripathi, Christianne N Heck, John W Miller, Paul A Garcia, Andrew McEvoy, Nathan B Fountain, Vincenta Salanova, Robert C Knowlton, Anto Bagić, Thomas Henry, Siddharth Kapoor, Guy McKhann, Adriana E Palade, Markus Reuber, Evelyn Tecoma
OBJECTIVE: To compare stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) versus anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for patients with pharmacoresistant unilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). METHODS: This randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial recruited adults eligible for open surgery among 14 centers in the USA, UK, and India. Treatment was either SRS at 24 Gy to the 50% isodose targeting mesial structures, or standardized ATL. Outcomes were seizure remission (absence of disabling seizures between 25 and 36 months), verbal memory (VM), and quality of life (QOL) at 36-month follow-up...
March 30, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593618/phonological-awareness-and-rapid-automatized-naming-are-independent-phonological-competencies-with-specific-impacts-on-word-reading-and-spelling-an-intervention-study
#18
Caroline Vander Stappen, Marie Van Reybroeck
Phonological awareness (PA) and rapid automatized naming (RAN) have been shown to be powerful predictors of reading achievement across many languages. However, literature remains unclear: (a) whether RAN is independent of PA, (b) about the specific influences of PA and RAN on reading and spelling, and (c) about the efficacy of a RAN intervention. This study aims to address these issues by means of an intervention design. Precisely, the objectives are (a) to determine whether training one competence involves or not an effect on the other, (b) to examine whether each intervention based on oral abilities (PA vs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579794/knowledge-of-the-brain-death-concept-among-the-population-of-havana-cuba
#19
A Ríos, A I López-Navas, Á Sánchez, L Martinez-Alarcon, M A Ayala, G Garrido, M J Sebastián, G Ramis, A Abdo-Cuza, A Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: One of the main reasons against organ donation is the fear of apparent death due to ignorance of the brain death concept. Our aim was to assess knowledge about and acceptance of the brain death concept among the population of Havana, Cuba. METHODS: The population screened, stratified by gender and age, included those >15 years old and living in Havana, Cuba. The appraisal tool utilized was a questionnaire on attitude toward organ donation ("PCID-DTO Ríos")...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578595/impact-of-a-smoke-free-living-educational-intervention-for-smokers-and-household-nonsmokers-a-randomized-trial-of-chinese-american-pairs
#20
Elisa K Tong, Anne Saw, Lei-Chun Fung, Chin-Shang Li, Yu Liu, Janice Y Tsoh
BACKGROUND: Chinese American men smoke at a high rate, which puts household nonsmokers at risk. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief-intensity versus moderate-intensity smoke-free-living educational intervention for household pairs. METHODS: The authors conducted a randomized controlled trial of Cantonese-speaking Chinese American smoker and household nonsmoker pairs in San Francisco, California. Pairs were randomized to moderate-intensity or brief-intensity group sessions with their household partner...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
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