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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520648/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-influence-of-comorbidities-and-lifestyle-factors-on-low-back-pain-in-older-men
#1
P Parreira, C G Maher, M L Ferreira, G C Machado, F M Blyth, V Naganathan, L M Waite, M J Seibel, D Handelsman, R G Cumming
Older adults are largely under-represented in to LBP research. In light of the ageing population, it is crucial to understand the influence of comorbidities and lifestyle factors on the risk and prognosis of LBP in older adults. The aims of this study were to describe the course of LBP in older men; to investigate if comorbidities/ lifestyle factors can predict the course of LBP in older men; to assess if comorbidities/ lifestyle factors increase the risk of developing LBP in older men. The study sample comprised 1,685 older men living in suburban Sydney, Australia...
May 16, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513376/people-who-speak-up-must-be-celebrated
#2
Helene Donnelly
From my own experience and conversations with other NHS whistleblowers, I am acutely aware of the fear that can consume you before and after raising concerns. Many health service staff believe they will lose their job, or at the very least be prevented from progressing in their career if they speak out.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509697/repair-of-oropharyngeal-stenosis-with-bilateral-buccal-myomucosal-flaps
#3
Robert J Mann, Andrew L O'Brien, Nicholas S Adams, John A Girotto, John W Polley
Oropharyngeal stenosis (OPS) is a rare postoperative complication of adenotonsillectomy that can be a source of considerable patient distress and morbidity. Circumferential scarring of the soft palate and tonsillar pillars leads to narrowing of the oropharyngeal aperture. This case report describes the novel use of bilateral buccal myomucosal flaps for the repair of postoperative OPS in a 20-year-old woman presenting with dysphagia, odynophagia, dyspnea, and intermittent hypernasal speech. Postoperatively, the patient noted immediate improvement of her symptoms...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485993/organisational-paradoxes-in-speaking-up-for-safety-implications-for-the-interprofessional-field
#4
Paula Rowland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483742/automated-text-messaging-as-an-adjunct-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-a-clinical-trial
#5
Adrian Aguilera, Emma Bruehlman-Senecal, Orianna Demasi, Patricia Avila
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for depression is efficacious, but effectiveness is limited when implemented in low-income settings due to engagement difficulties including nonadherence with skill-building homework and early discontinuation of treatment. Automated messaging can be used in clinical settings to increase dosage of depression treatment and encourage sustained engagement with psychotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test whether a text messaging adjunct (mood monitoring text messages, treatment-related text messages, and a clinician dashboard to display patient data) increases engagement and improves clinical outcomes in a group CBT treatment for depression...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483093/validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-community-assessment-of-psychic-experiences-cape-in-an-adolescent-general-population
#6
Winifred Mark, Timothea Toulopoulou
The Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) is a popular 42-item self-report assessment of psychosis proneness (PP) that has been widely-translated. However, there is as yet no validation of CAPE in non-Western languages. Here, we validated a Chinese translation of CAPE ("CAPE-C") in a young Chinese community sample. Factor analyses were employed in a sample of 660 individuals (mean age=18.63) to identify a culturally-sensitive factor structure for CAPE-C (Study 1). Since confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) suggested that CAPE-C did not follow the original factor structure, exploratory factor analysis and follow-up CFA were employed to establish an alternative structure, resulting in a 15-item "CAPE-C15" which retained a three-factor structure tapping positive, negative and depressive symptoms...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480115/-foreign-accent-syndrome-after-aneurysmal-disappearance-due-to-avm-treatment
#7
Fidel Sosa, Jorge Bustamante, Facundo Rodríguez, Romina Argañaraz, Pablo Rubino, Jorge Lambre
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysms associated with arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are vascular lesions are usually found in up to 15% of cases, increasing the overall risk of bleeding. The behavior against associated aneurysms is dichotomous while there are reports of disappearance of the same after the removal of the AVM; other items emphasize early treatment. Foreign accent syndrome is a rare neurological disorder in which the patient speaks his mother language as would a foreigner and sounds as foreign "accent" to native listeners...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473924/culturally-adaptive-storytelling-intervention-versus-didactic-intervention-to-improve-hypertension-control-in-vietnam-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#8
Hoa L Nguyen, Jeroan J Allison, Duc A Ha, Germán Chiriboga, Ha N Ly, Hanh T Tran, Cuong K Nguyen, Diem M Dang, Ngoc T Phan, Nguyen C Vu, Quang P Nguyen, Robert J Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Vietnam is experiencing an epidemiologic transition with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Novel, large-scale, effective, and sustainable interventions to control hypertension in Vietnam are needed. We report the results of a cluster-randomized feasibility trial at 3 months follow-up conducted in Hung Yen province, Vietnam, designed to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of two community-based interventions to improve hypertension control: a "storytelling" intervention, "We Talk about Our Hypertension," and a didactic intervention...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471843/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#9
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464812/predictors-of-seeking-financial-compensation-following-motor-vehicle-trauma-inception-cohort-with-moderate-to-severe-musculoskeletal-injuries
#10
Darnel Murgatroyd, Ian A Harris, Jian Sheng Chen, Sam Adie, Rajat Mittal, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Compensation related factors have been repeatedly associated with poor recovery following orthopaedic trauma. There is limited research into the factors associated with seeking financial compensation. Further understanding of these factors could facilitate injury recovery by purposeful compensation scheme design. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of seeking financial compensation, namely making a claim and seeking legal representation, following motor vehicle related orthopaedic trauma...
May 2, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459763/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#11
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
May 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452605/icu-nurses-and-physicians-dialogue-regarding-patients-clinical-status-and-care-options-a-focus-group-study
#12
Monica Kvande, Else Lykkeslet, Sissel Lisa Storli
Nurses and physicians work side-by-side in the intensive care unit (ICU). Effective exchanges of patient information are essential to safe patient care in the ICU. Nurses often rate nurse-physician communication lower than physicians and report that it is difficult to speak up, that disagreements are not resolved and that their input is not well received. Therefore, this study explored nurses' dialogue with physicians regarding patients' clinical status and the prerequisites for effective and accurate exchanges of information...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452061/evaluation-of-real-life-dosing-of-oral-medicines-with-respect-to-fluid-and-food-intake-in-a-dutch-speaking-population
#13
B Hens, J Van Den Abeele, J Rubbens, M Keirsebilck, J Roelens, C Schreurs, K Verheyen, M Casteels, G Laekeman, P Augustijns
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Oral drug administration is the most preferred route of drug administration. For some specific classes of drugs, recommendations regarding the intake of the drug product are provided by and approved in the summary of product characteristics (SmPC) after testing the oral drug product in clinical trials under strict and predefined conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate how certain classes of medicines are taken in a "real-life" setting in terms of concomitant fluid and food intake by a Dutch-speaking population in Flanders (Belgium)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450321/speaking-up-in-the-nhs-in-england-the-work-of-the-national-guardian-and-nhs-england
#14
EDITORIAL
Henrietta Hughes, Neil Churchill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448778/economic-impact-of-above-label-dosing-with-etanercept-adalimumab-or-ustekinumab-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#15
Steven R Feldman, Yang Zhao, Huanxue Zhou, Vivian Herrera, Haijun Tian, Yunfeng Li
BACKGROUND: Patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis may be treated with above-label doses of biologics in an attempt to optimize outcomes. Dose escalation will have an effect on the cost of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To examine costs related to above-label use of etanercept, adalimumab, and ustekinumab among patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using a large U.S. claims database. Patients were included in the study if they were aged ≥ 18 years with a diagnosis of psoriasis (excluding psoriatic arthritis) and had at least 1 medication fill for etanercept, adalimumab, or ustekinumab between January 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448555/socio-demographic-disparities-in-the-utilisation-of-general-practice-services-for-australian-children-results-from-a-nationally-representative-longitudinal-study
#16
Lixin Ou, Jack Chen, Ken Hillman
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the pattern of general practice services utilization for Australian children and to examine socio-demographic disparities in general practitioner (GP) visits. METHODS: We used the linked data from the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) and the Medicare Australia claims data record. We used survey negative binomial and logistic regression to examine the socio-demographic factors associated with the utilisation of general practice services...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448358/can-health-care-professionals-do-anything-about-gun-violence
#17
Roxanne Nelson
Experts say yes, but providers must speak up-and take action.
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442609/speaking-up-about-traditional-and-professionalism-related-patient-safety-threats-a-national-survey-of-interns-and-residents
#18
William Martinez, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Eric J Thomas, Jason M Etchegaray, Julia T Shelburne, Gerald B Hickson, Donald W Brady, Anneliese M Schleyer, Jennifer A Best, Natalie B May, Sigall K Bell
BACKGROUND: Open communication between healthcare professionals about care concerns, also known as 'speaking up', is essential to patient safety. OBJECTIVE: Compare interns' and residents' experiences, attitudes and factors associated with speaking up about traditional versus professionalism-related safety threats. DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Six US academic medical centres, 2013-2014. PARTICIPANTS: 1800 medical and surgical interns and residents (47% responded)...
April 25, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437520/academic-performance-motor-function-and-behavior-11-years-after-neonatal-caffeine-citrate-therapy-for-apnea-of-prematurity-an-11-year-follow-up-of-the-cap-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Barbara Schmidt, Robin S Roberts, Peter J Anderson, Elizabeth V Asztalos, Lorrie Costantini, Peter G Davis, Deborah Dewey, Judy D'Ilario, Lex W Doyle, Ruth E Grunau, Diane Moddemann, Harvey Nelson, Arne Ohlsson, Alfonso Solimano, Win Tin
Importance: Caffeine citrate therapy for apnea of prematurity reduces the rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, severe retinopathy, and neurodevelopmental disability at 18 months and may improve motor function at 5 years. Objective: To evaluate whether neonatal caffeine therapy is associated with improved functional outcomes 11 years later. Design, Setting, and Participants: A follow-up study was conducted at 14 academic hospitals in Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom from May 7, 2011, to May 27, 2016, of English- or French-speaking children who had been enrolled in the randomized, placebo-controlled Caffeine for Apnea of Prematurity trial between October 11, 1999, and October 22, 2004...
April 24, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433450/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-concomitant-ipsilateral-extra-capsular-and-intra-capsular-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur-are-they-casual-findings-or-an-undervalued-reality
#20
Miquel Videla-Cés, José-Miguel Sales-Pérez, Joan Girós-Torres, Rubén Sánchez-Navés, Sebastián Videla
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the proximal femur constitute a major public health problem, with an annual incidence in Spain of 7.6 cases per 1000 inhabitants over 65 years of age. Hip fractures are frequent in elderly patients, related to osteoporosis and with low energy trauma, which means that they can be considered a geriatric syndrome. Simultaneous ipsilateral extra- and intra-articular hip fractures are considered as very rare are, and generally speaking, classified as extra- or intra-capsular fractures...
April 13, 2017: Injury
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