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Nasiara Karim, Imran Khan, Abeer Abdelhalim, Ajmal Khan, Sobia Ahsan Halim
Plant-derived natural constituents are of great interest in modern drug discovery due to their natural diversity. Viola odorata L has been traditionally used for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. The present study was undertaken to isolate phytoconstituents including three flavonoids 5,7-Dihydroxy-3,6-dimethoxyflavone[1] 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3',5'dimethoxyflavone [2] and 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3'-methoxyflavone [3] from the whole plant of Viola odorata L and to investigate the antidepressant-like effects of these compounds and their possible mechanism of action using antagonists of the serotonergic, dopaminergic and adrenergic system...
May 15, 2018: Fitoterapia
Worranan Rangsimawong, Paisit Wattanasri, Prasopchai Tonglairoum, Prasert Akkaramongkolporn, Theerasak Rojanarata, Tanasait Ngawhirunpat, Praneet Opanasopit
The purpose of this research was to develop microemulsions (ME) and microemulgels (MG) for enhancing transdermal delivery of Kaempferia parviflora (KP) extract. The methoxyflavones were used as markers. Various formulations of ME and MG containing 10% w/v KP extract were prepared, and the in vitro skin permeation and deposition were investigated. The potential ME system containing oleic acid (5% w/v), Tween 20 (20% w/v), PG (40% w/v), and water (35% w/v) was successfully formulated. ME with 10% w/v limonene (ME-L10%) showed higher methoxyflavones flux than ME-L5%, ME-L1%, ME without limonene, and KP extract in water, respectively...
April 23, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
Lefa J Lerotholi, Sushil K Chaudhary, Weiyang Chen, Clinton G L Veale, Sandra Combrinck, Alvaro M Viljoen
Athrixia phylicoides , known as "bush tea", grows abundantly in South Africa. An infusion of the leaves is used as a beverage and to treat a multitude of health conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical variation within A. phylicoides and to identify characteristic compounds for quality control. Samples from 12 locations in South Africa were analysed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography. Hierarchical cluster analysis of the aligned ultra-performance liquid chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry data indicated two groups on the resulting dendrogram, representing 48 samples...
April 13, 2018: Planta Medica
Maria Fernanda Paresqui Corrêa, Thatiana Lopes Biá Ventura, Michelle Frazão Muzitano, Elaine Dos Anjos da Cruz, Maria Camilla Bergonzi, Anna Rita Bilia, Bartira Rossi-Bergmann, Sônia Soares Costa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leaf infusion from the tree Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae), known as "cambará", is used in Brazilian popular medicine against respiratory infections and asthma. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the health-beneficial effects related to the ethnomedicinal uses of V. divergens (Vd), a biomonitored fractionation of an aqueous leaf extract was carried out. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Leaves were extracted by decoction with distilled water, and the extract fractionated by a combination of separation techniques including precipitation, organic partition and chromatography...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ill-Min Chung, Sung-Kyu Park, Mohd Ali, Mayakrishnan Prabakaran, Young-Tek Oh, Seung-Hyun Kim, Nasir Ali Siddiqui, Ateeque Ahmad
Five new flavonoids namely, 5-hydroxy-6-isoprenyl-7,4'-dimethoxyflavonol-3- O - β -d-arabinofuranoside ( 1 ), 5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone-7- O - β -d-arabinopyranosyl-2''- n -decan-1'''-oate ( 2 ), 3-butanoyl-5,6,8-trihydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavonol--5- O - β -d-glucopyranoside ( 3 ), 7, 4'-dimethoxy-5-hydroxyflavone-5- O - α -d-arabinopyranosyl-(2'' → 1''')- O - α -d-arabinopyranoside ( 4 ), and 5,6-dihydroxy-7, 4'-dimethoxyflavone-5- O - α -d-glucopyranoside ( 5 ), together with two known compounds, were isolated from the methanol extract of Oryza sativa leaves and straw...
March 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Nada M Mostafa, Eman A Abd El-Ghffar, Hoda G Hegazy, Omayma A Eldahshan
Flavonoids are agents with strong antioxidant properties and ameliorate many diseases associated with oxidative stress. Leaves of Casimiroa sapota were investigated for components and antioxidant/anti-inflammatory activities against lead acetate ((AcO)2 Pb) induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Three groups of male albino rats were administrated orally with vehicle or C. sapota (100 and 200 mg/kg b.w/day) for 28 days; other group was injected with sub-acute dose (100 mg/kg b.w/day) of (AcO)2 Pb. Three protective groups were injected with (AcO)2 Pb (100 mg/kg b...
April 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Ya-Li Wang, Lin Zhang, Meng-Yan Li, Li-Wei Wang, Chao-Mei Ma
Two lignans including a new one, five flavonoids and five coumarins were isolated from the whole plant of Viola philippica (synonymised as Viola yedoensis Makino). The new compound was structurally determined as (7R,8S,8'S) -3,3'-dimethoxy- 4,4',9-trihydroxy- 7,9'-epoxy-8,8'-lignan 9-O-rutinoside by analysis of its NMR, MS and CD spectroscopic data. The known compounds were characterised by comparing their NMR and MS data with those reported. Among the known compounds, 5-hydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone-7-O- rutinoside, 6,7-di-O-β-D- glucopyranosylesculetin, and 7R,8S-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D- glucopyranoside were isolated and identified from this genus for the first time...
January 15, 2018: Natural Product Research
Jicheng Shu, Linyu Li, Meng Zhou, Jiangli Yu, Caiying Peng, Feng Shao, Ronghua Liu, Genhua Zhu, Huilian Huang
Three new flavonoid glycosides, 2(S)-5-hydroxy-6,8-dimethoxyflavonone-7-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), 5-hydroxy-3,8-dimethoxyflavone-7-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2) and 3,7-dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone-6-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3), together with five known flavonoids (4-8) were isolated from the roots of Smilax glabra Roxb. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectral evidence, as well as by comparison with literature data...
November 17, 2017: Natural Product Research
Elihú Bautista, Naytzé Ortiz-Pastrana, Guillermo Pastor-Palacios, Angélica Montoya-Contreras, Rubén A Toscano, Jesús Morales-Jiménez, Luis A Salazar-Olivo, Alfredo Ortega
Eleven neo-clerodane diterpenoids (1-11) including the new analogues 1, 2, and 10, and 3',5,6,7-tetrahydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone (12) were isolated from the aerial parts of Salvia polystachya. Polystachyne G (1) and 15-epi-polystachyne G (2) were isolated as an epimeric mixture, containing a 5-hydroxyfuran-2(5H)-one unit in the side chain at C-12 of the neo-clerodane framework. Polystachyne H (10) contains a 1(10),2-diene moiety and a tertiary C-4 hydroxy group. The structures of these compounds were established by analysis of their NMR spectroscopic and MS spectrometric data...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Sang Min Kim, Yong Joo Park, Myoung-Sook Shin, Ha-Ryong Kim, Min Jae Kim, Sang Hun Lee, Seung Pil Yun, Seung-Hwan Kwon
Acacetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone), a flavonoid compound isolated from Flos Chrysanthemi Indici, chrysanthemum, safflower, and Calamintha and Linaria species has been shown to have anti-cancer activity, indicating its potential clinical value in cancer treatment. In this study, we sought to study the potentials of acacetin in preventing human dopaminergic neuronal death via inhibition of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neuronal cell death in the SH-SY5Y cells. Our results suggest that acacetin was effective in preventing 6-OHDA-induced neuronal cell death through regulation of mitochondrial-mediated cascade apoptotic cell death...
December 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Qing-Tong Han, Kai Xiao, Yun Cai, Sheng-Jun Dai
By means of preparative HPTLC and column chromatography over silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, nineteen flavonoids were isolated and purified from the whole plants of Scutellaria moniliorrhiza. Based on the physico-chemical properties and spectral data, their structures were identified as: apigenin (1), luteolin (2), wogonin (3), oroxylin A (4), 6-methoxynaringein (5), 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-6,8-dimethoxyflavone (6), 5,7,8-trimethoxyflavone (7), 3,5,6,7-tetramethoxyflavone (8), 7-hydroxy-4',5,6,8-tetramethoxyflavone (9), 5,7,2'-trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavanone (10), 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavone (11), 5,7-dihydroxy-6,8-dimethoxy -flavone (12), 5,2',6'-trihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavone (13), 5,7,2'-trihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone (14), 5,2'-dihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavanone (15), 2'-hydroxy-5,7,8-trimethoxyflavone (16), 5-hydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavone (17), 5,2'-dihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavone (18), and 5-hydroxy-6,7,8-trimethoxyflavone (19)...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Quan-Xiang Wu, Xiao-Feng He, Chun-Xiao Jiang, Wei Zhang, Zhuan-Ning Shi, Hong-Fang Li, Ying Zhu
Extracts of the aerial parts of Scorzonera divaricata afforded sulfoscorzonin D (1) and sulfoscorzonin E (2), two novel pyrrolidine inner salt alkaloids with a sulfated guaiane sesquiterpene lactone nucleus, along with 22 known compounds. Especially, sulfoscorzonin D containing a unusual monoterpene moiety is very rare. The structures of new compounds were established using spectroscopic analysis including one- and two-dimensional NMR and HRESIMS. The cytotoxicities of compounds 1-4 and 10 against three tumor cell lines (K562, Hela, and HepG2) were evaluated using the MTT assay...
January 2018: Fitoterapia
You Chul Chung, Seoyeon Kim, Jin Hwa Kim, Geun Soo Lee, Jung No Lee, Nam Ho Lee, Chang-Gu Hyun
Tyrosinase is the rate-limiting enzyme critical for melanin synthesis. It controls pigmentation in the skin. Activation of tyrosinase is currently the most common approach in the development of tanning and haircare products. Pratol is a 7-hydroxy-4-methoxyflavone found in Trifoliumpratense. In this study, we investigated the effects of pratol on melanogenesis. We also studied the mechanism of action of pratol in B16F10 mouse melanoma cells. The cells were treated with various concentrations (6.25, 12.5, 25, and 50 μM) of pratol to observe its effects...
October 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Muhammad Shahid, Fazal Subhan, Nisar Ahmad, Robert D E Sewell
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a major dose limiting side-effect of several commonly used chemotherapeutic agents (such as cisplatin) that profoundly impairs patient quality of life. Unfortunately, neither prophylactic strategies nor symptomatic treatments have proven useful in this condition. Flavonoids are found ubiquitously in fruits and vegetables and exert a multiplicity of beneficial effects. In this study, the antinociceptive activity of 6-methoxyflavone (6-MF) was investigated and evaluated in comparison with gabapentin in a rat model of CIPN...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jun-Jun Chen, Jing-Xian Zhang, Xiang-Qi Zhang, Mei-Juan Qi, Mei-Zhi Shi, Jiao Yang, Ke-Zhi Zhang, Cheng Guo, Yong-Long Han
Diosmetin (3', 5, 7-trihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone), a natural flavonoid from traditional Chinese herbs, has been used in various medicinal products because of its anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant, estrogenic and anti-inflammatory activity. However, flavonoids could affect the metabolic enzymes and cause drug-drug interactions (DDI), reducing the efficacy of co-administered drugs and potentially resulting in serious adverse reactions. To evaluate its potential to interact with co-administered drugs, the IC50 value of phase I cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs), phase II UDP-glucuronyltransferases (UGTs) and hepatic uptake transporters (organic cation transporters (OCTs), organic anion transporter polypeptides (OATPs) and Na+ -taurocholate cotransporting polypeptides (NTCPs)) were examined in vitro by LC-MS/MS...
November 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Kanika Patel, Dinesh Kumar Patel
Herbal medicines have been played an important role in the human civilization since very ancient time as a food, cloth, medicine and other aspects. Some of the important drugs in the modern medicine were derived from the natural sources such as aspirin, digitalis, quinine, vincristine, vinblastine etc. Hispidulin (4', 5, 7-trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavone) is a flavones derivative found in plant such as Grindelia argentina, Arrabidaea chica, Saussurea involucrate, Crossostephium chinense, Artemisia and Salvia species...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Yousuf Sameena, Israel V M V Enoch
Flavones are biologically active compounds obtained mainly from plant sources. Pharmaceutically important compounds can be delivered to the physiological target by loading them in carriers like cyclodextrins and magnetic nanoparticles. Herein, the binding of 6-methoxyflavone to β-cyclodextrin and DNA is studied using UV-visible absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. The loading of 6-methoxyflavone onto a magnetic nanoparticles is employed. β-cyclodextrin encapsulates the 6-methoxyflavone to form an inclusion complex...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Yu-Qing Wang, Shu-Jiao Li, Guo Zhuang, Rong-Hui Geng, Xu Jiang
Xiexin Tang (XXT) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that has been used in herbal clinics for more than 1800 years. Many studies have shown that XXT has therapeutic effects on patients with arteriosclerosis owing to its antioxidant activity. However, there is little information about the relationship between the chemical composition of XXT and its antioxidant activity. In this study, the HPLC-ABTS-DAD-Q-TOF/MS method, which can simultaneously identify individual components and rapidly screen for antioxidant compounds, was used to screen and identify antioxidant components in XXT...
November 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Hong-Juan Huang, Tie-Jun Ling, Hui-Min Wang, Ao-Cheng Cao, Chao-Xian Zhang, Shou-Hui Wei
One new flavonoid, 5,7,8,4'-tetrahydroxy-3-methoxyflavone-8-O-β-d-xylopyranoside (2), along with other four known flavones (1, 3-5) were isolated from the aerial parts of Solanum rostratum. 8-hydroxyflavonoid was isolated from series Androceras for the first time. The structure of the new compound 2 was determined on the basis of spectroscopic techniques, including IR, NMR and HRESI-MS. The chemotaxonomic significance of these compounds was summarised.
August 2017: Natural Product Research
Supawadee Burapan, Mihyang Kim, Jaehong Han
Polymethoxyflavones (PMFs) were biotransformed to various demethylated metabolites in the human intestine by the PMF-metabolizing bacterium, Blautia sp. MRG-PMF1. Because the newly formed metabolites can have different biological activities, the pathways and regioselectivity of PMF bioconversion were investigated. Using an anaerobic in vitro study, 12 PMFs, 5,7-dimethoxyflavone (5,7-DMF), 5-hydroxy-7-methoxyflavone (5-OH-7-MF), 3,5,7-trimethoxyflavone (3,5,7-TMF), 5-hydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyflavone (5-OH-3,7-DMF), 5,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone (5,7,4'-TMF), 5-hydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavone (5-OH-7,4'-DMF), 3,5,7,4'-tetramethoxyflavone (3,5,7,4'-TMF), 5-hydroxy-3,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone (5-OH-3,7,4'-TMF), 5,7,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone (5,7,3',4'-TMF), 3,5,7,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone (3,5,7,3',4'-PMF), 5-hydroxy-3,7,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone (5-OH-3,7,3',4'-TMF), and 5,3'-dihydroxy-3,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone (5,3'-diOH-3,7,4'-TMF), were converted to chrysin, apigenin, galangin, kaempferol, luteolin, and quercetin after complete demethylation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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