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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811104/a-double-determination-of-central-motor-conduction-time-in-the-assessment-of-hirayama-disease
#1
Chaojun Zheng, Dongqing Zhu, Feizhou Lu, Yu Zhu, Xiaosheng Ma, Xinlei Xia, Jianyuan Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate central motor conduction time (CMCT) in patients with Hirayama disease (HD) and to analyse the role of motor nerve root lesions in the pathogenesis of HD. METHODS: CMCT measured by F-wave (CMCT-F) and by paravertebral magnetic stimulation (CMCT-M) was performed on both abductor pollicis brevis (APB) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) in 41 HD patients and 22 controls. All patients underwent neck-flexion magnetic resonance imaging evaluation...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807894/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-neck-pain
#2
REVIEW
Steven P Cohen, W Michael Hooten
Neck pain imposes a considerable personal and socioeconomic burden-it is one of the top five chronic pain conditions in terms of prevalence and years lost to disability-yet it receives a fraction of the research funding given to low back pain. Although most acute episodes resolve spontaneously, more than a third of affected people still have low grade symptoms or recurrences more than one year later, with genetics and psychosocial factors being risk factors for persistence. Nearly half of people with chronic neck pain have mixed neuropathic-nociceptive symptoms or predominantly neuropathic symptoms...
August 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807431/a-prospective-analysis-of-injury-rates-patterns-and-causes-in-cliff-and-splash-diving
#3
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Armin Runer, Paul Siegert, Matthäus Ernstbrunner, Johannes Becker, Thomas Freude, Herbert Resch, Philipp Moroder
INTRODUCTION: Information about injuries and its differences in Cliff Diving (CD) and Splash Diving (SD) are unknown. It was the aim to analyse (1) injury rates, patterns and causes; (2) differences (in injuries) between both disciplines; and to (3) identify targets for future injury prevention interventions. METHODS: From April to November 2013, 81 cliff and 51 splash divers were prospectively surveyed with an encrypted, monthly e-mail-based questionnaire. RESULTS: During a total of 7857h diving with an average diving height of 13 (±7)m, an overall injury rate of 7...
August 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805272/clinical-phenotype-of-south-east-asian-temporomandibular-disorder-patients-with-upper-airway-resistance-syndrome
#4
David K L Tay, Kenny P Pang
OBJECTIVE: To document the clinical phenotype of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with concomitant upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) in a South East Asian population. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-center prospective series of 86 TMD patients (26 men and 60 women / mean age 35.7 years) with UARS. All had excessive daytime sleepiness, high arousal index and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)<5 RESULTS: The mean body mass index was 20.1, mean arousal index 16.2, mean respiratory disturbance index 19...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802760/involvement-of-obliquus-capitis-inferior-muscle-in-dystonic-head-tremor
#5
A Schramm, D Huber, C Möbius, A Münchau, Z Kohl, T Bäumer
INTRODUCTION: Head tremor is a common feature in cervical dystonia (CD) and often less responsive to botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) treatment than dystonic posturing. Ultrasound allows accurate targeting of deeper neck muscles. METHODS: In 35 CD patients with dystonic head tremor the depth and thickness of the splenius capitis (SPL), semispinalis capitis and obliquus capitis inferior muscles (OCI) were assessed using ultrasound. Ultrasound guided EMG recordings were performed from the SPL and OCI...
August 1, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790004/cervical-paraspinal-muscle-atrophy-rates-following-laminoplasty-and-laminectomy-with-fusion-for-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#6
Adedayo O Ashana, Remi M Ajiboye, William L Sheppard, Akshay Sharma, Andrew B Kay, Langston T Holly
BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a disorder that can cause neurologic deterioration. Studies on paraspinal muscular atrophy (PMA) in the lumbar spine have shown these changes are caused by several perioperative factors. It is possible that PMA in the cervical spine could behave similarly. In this retrospective study, we compared the degree of PMA after laminoplasty versus laminectomy and fusion (LF) using a standard posterior approach to the cervical spine. METHODS: 18 laminoplasty and 43 LF patients were included in this study...
August 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781812/non-neural-granular-cell-tumor-of-the-uterine-corpus-mimicking-uterine-leiomyoma-a-case-report
#7
Yoko Deguchi, Naoyuki Iwahashi, Yuko Horiuchi, Miwa Ikejima, Tomoyuki Tanaka, Kazuhiko Ino, Kenichi Furukawa
Non-neural granular cell tumors (GCTs) are clinically rare, whereas cases arising in the uterine corpus are exceedingly rare. Only three uterine cervical cases of GCTs have been reported to date and, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports of GCT of the uterine corpus in the literature. We herein describe the first case of non-neural GCT arising from the uterine corpus reported to date. A 55-year-old premenopausal woman was referred to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Hashimoto Municipal Hospital (Wakayama, Japan) with a suspected uterine tumor...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775281/voxel-based-analysis-unveils-regional-dose-differences-associated-with-radiation-induced-morbidity-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#8
Serena Monti, Giuseppe Palma, Vittoria D'Avino, Marianna Gerardi, Giulia Marvaso, Delia Ciardo, Roberto Pacelli, Barbara A Jereczek-Fossa, Daniela Alterio, Laura Cella
The risk of radiation-induced toxicity in patients treated for head and neck (HN) cancer with radiation therapy (RT) is traditionally estimated by condensing the 3D dose distribution into a monodimensional cumulative dose-volume histogram which disregards information on dose localization. We hypothesized that a voxel-based approach would identify correlations between radiation-induced morbidity and local dose release, thus providing a new insight into spatial signature of radiation sensitivity in composite regions like the HN district...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775081/cervical-facet-joint-septic-arthritis-a-real-pain-in-the-neck
#9
Sahiba Sethi, Mathew Kurian Vithayathil
A 64-year-old man with a complex medical history and previous cervical arthritis with discectomy presents with a 2-day history of neck and lower back pain and shortness of breath, associated with left-sided muscle weakness. He has a fever with severe sepsis causing acute renal failure. MRI spine shows evidence of left cervical facet joint septic arthritis at C6-T1. He required 6 weeks of intravenous antibiotics and intensive support with ventilation and haemofiltration. After completion of antibiotics, he made a full recovery and regained neurological function before discharge...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771534/neural-stem-cell-mediated-recovery-is-enhanced-by-chondroitinase-abc-pretreatment-in-chronic-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Hidenori Suzuki, Christopher S Ahuja, Ryan P Salewski, Lijun Li, Kajana Satkunendrarajah, Narihito Nagoshi, Shinsuke Shibata, Michael G Fehlings
Traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCIs) affect millions of people worldwide; the majority of whom are in the chronic phase of their injury. Unfortunately, most current treatments target the acute/subacute injury phase as the microenvironment of chronically injured cord consists of a well-established glial scar with inhibitory chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) which acts as a potent barrier to regeneration. It has been shown that CSPGs can be degraded in vivo by intrathecal Chondroitinase ABC (ChABC) to produce a more permissive environment for regeneration by endogenous cells or transplanted neural stem cells (NSCs) in the subacute phase of injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768745/altered-modulation-of-sensorimotor-rhythms-with-chronic-paralysis
#11
Stephen T Foldes, Douglas John Weber, Jennifer L Collinger
After paralysis, the disconnection between the cortex and its peripheral targets leads to neuroplasticity throughout the nervous system. However, it is unclear how chronic paralysis specifically impacts cortical oscillations associated with attempted movement of impaired limbs. We hypothesized that mu (8-13Hz) and beta (15-30Hz) event-related desynchronization (ERD) would be less modulated for individuals with hand paralysis due to cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). To test this, we compared the modulation of ERD from magnetoencephalography (MEG) during attempted and imagined grasping performed by participants with cervical SCI (n = 12) and able-bodied controls (n = 13)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767627/muscle-preserving-selective-laminectomy-maintained-the-compensatory-mechanism-of-cervical-lordosis-after-surgery
#12
Satoshi Nori, Tateru Shiraishi, Ryoma Aoyama, Ken Ninomiya, Junichi Yamane, Kazuya Kitamura, Seiji Ueda
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective single-center study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the compensatory mechanism of cervical lordosis (CL), the changes in cervical sagittal alignment and range of motion (ROM) after muscle-preserving selective laminectomy (SL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: CL increases as a compensatory mechanism for the adjustment of cervical sagittal balance or horizontal gaze. However, laminoplasty invades this mechanism and causes kyphosis in higher T1 (C7) slope patients...
August 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764228/idiopathic-brachial-neuritis-in-a-patient-with-multiple-myeloma
#13
Lale Cerrahoglu, Ozlem Erol, Tuba Cerrahoglu Sirin
Idiopathic Brachial Neuritis (IBN), is a rare brachial plexopathy with an unknown aetiology. Multiple myeloma is a neoplastic plasma cell disease characterised by bone lesions. In this article, we present the case of a 59-year-old male patient with IBN associated with multiple myeloma, who was admitted to our clinic with right shoulder pain and right arm weakness. He experienced muscle weakness and atrophy in his right arm after a sudden onset of pain attack in the shoulder. Plexus and cervical vertebral MRI showed no pathology...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762044/effect-of-practicing-yoga-on-cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential
#14
Tejaswini Shambhu, Shubhaganga Dhrruva Kumar, Prashanth Prabhu
The present study attempted to determine the effect of practicing yoga on functioning of sacculo-collic pathway using cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP). cVEMP was recorded from 40 participants (20 who practice yoga regularly and 20 who do not practice yoga regularly). The differences in amplitude of P1, N1, P1-N1 complex, asymmetry ratio and latencies of P1 and N1 of cVEMP were compared between both the groups. The results of the study showed that there was a significant increase (p < 0...
July 31, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759901/subsequent-injuries-and-early-recurrent-diagnoses-in-elite-rugby-union-players
#15
Sean Williams, Grant Trewartha, Simon Kemp, Matthew J Cross, John H M Brooks, Colin W Fuller, Aileen E Taylor, Keith A Stokes
An eight-season (2005/06-2012/13) prospective cohort design was used to record time-loss injuries in 15 English Premiership teams. Data pertaining to a total of 1 556 players and 9 597 injuries (8 180 subsequent) were included in the analysis. Injuries subsequent to an index injury were classified as (1) New: different site; (2) Local: same site (and different type); or (3) Recurrent: same site and type. The severity of subsequent injuries (days missed) was compared with their related index injury. The proportions of early (<2 months), late (2-12 months) and delayed (>12 months) subsequent injuries were compared across injury classifications and diagnosis groupings...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758968/middle-cerebral-artery-stroke-as-amusement-park-injury-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Abby Baumgartle, Laura Wolfe, Vinay Puri, Karen Moeller, Salvatore Bertolone, Ashok Raj
Strokes as amusement park injuries are rare, but have been reported in the literature. Only about 20 cases of cerebrovascular accidents after amusement park visits have been described. We report a healthy 12-year-old boy who presented with facial droop, slurred speech, and inability to use his right arm after riding roller coasters at a local amusement park. He was evaluated and found to have a left middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. The patient was treated with anticoagulants and has recovered with no major residual symptoms...
July 31, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753636/comparison-of-segmental-spinal-movement-control-in-adolescents-with-and-without-idiopathic-scoliosis-using-modified-pressure-biofeedback-unit
#17
Hong-Ji Luo, Shi-Xiang Lin, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Mei-Wun Tsai, Shwn-Jen Lee
BACKGROUND: Postural rehabilitation emphasizing on motor control training of segmental spinal movements has been proposed to effectively reduce the scoliotic spinal deformities in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, information regarding the impairments of segmental spinal movement control involving segmental spinal stabilizers in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis remains limited. Examination of segmental spinal movement control may provide a window for investigating the features of impaired movement control specific to spinal segments that may assist in the development of physiotherapeutic management of AIS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750977/isometric-endurance-test-of-the-cervical-flexor-muscles-reliability-and-normative-reference-values
#18
Jari Ylinen, Petri Salo, Salme Järvenpää, Arja Häkkinen, Riku Nikander
OBJECTIVE: To obtain reference values for the isometric endurance test (IET) of the cervical flexor muscles, investigate its reproducibility, and compare the results with the maximal isometric strength test (MIST) of the cervical flexor muscles. DESIGN: Cross-sectional non-comparative study with single group repeated measurements. METHODS: Altogether 219 healthy females aged 20-59 years volunteered to participate in the study. The IET was performed in the supine position and MIST seated...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750962/conservative-management-of-temporomandibular-dysfunction-a-literature-review-with-implications-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-narrative-review-part-2
#19
REVIEW
Raymond Butts, James Dunning, Ron Pavkovich, Jersey Mettille, Firas Mourad
The effective management of temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) requires a thorough understanding of the pathoanatomic factors that drive the underlying condition. After reviewing the etiology associated with TMD in Part 1 of this narrative review, the temporomandibular joint capsule, articular disc and muscles of mastication emerged as key players. (http://dx.doi.org/10.​1016/​j.​jbmt.​2017.​05.​017) Part 2 focuses on conservative treatment strategies best able to reduce the pain and disability associated with TMD...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749290/granulomatous-encephalomyelitis-in-a-false-gharial-tomistoma-schlegelii-associated-with-a-novel-chlamydia-species
#20
Marjorie Bercier, Darryl J Heard, Alexandra M Goe, Ember Epperson, Jeffrey R Abbott, April L Childress, James F X Wellehan
A 5-yr-old, captive, hatched, female false gharial (Tomistoma schlegelii) presented with a 1-mo history of cervical spinal curvature. Antemortem diagnostics, including blood work, electromyography, muscle biopsies, and advanced imaging tests, were either within reference ranges or did not identify any specific etiology. Necropsy revealed extensive, marked, chronic granulomatous encephalomyelitis along with neuronal necrosis, rarefaction, gliosis, and astrocytosis of the white and gray matter of the cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem, and spinal cord...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
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