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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723759/determining-the-relationship-of-kinesiophobia-with-respiratory-functions-and-functional-capacity-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#1
Göktuğ Er, Ender AngIn
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common inflammatory rheumatic disease that affects the axial skeleton, causes inflammatory lower back pain, and structural and functional disorders, which affect quality of life negatively.The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of kinesiophobia in AS on pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and functional performance.Thirty-one individuals with AS (n = 19 male, n = 12 female) who were suitable on the basis of the Modified New York (MNY) criteria were included in the study...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720989/trapezius-perforator-flap-for-reconstruction-of-a-posterior-cervical-defect
#2
Ricardo Nascimento, Joana Costa, Ricardo Horta, Álvaro Silva
The use of free flaps is considered the "gold standard" for reconstruction of head and neck defects. Locoregional flaps allows a better aesthetic result compared to free flaps, whenever there's an external skin defect. However the use of free flaps is not always adequate in the presence of preoperative comorbidities or previous surgeries. Since the description of the trapezius myocutaneous flap in the 1980's, many authors have published the results of the applicability of this flap in head and neck salvage reconstructive surgery...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716586/comparison-of-three-dimensional-t1-weighted-magnetic-resonance-and-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-plaque-images-for-severe-stenosis-of-the-cervical-carotid-artery
#3
Yasuyoshi Shimada, Kohki Oikawa, Shunrou Fujiwara, Yasushi Ogasawara, Yuiko Sato, Shinsuke Narumi, Tadayoshi Kato, Kazumasa Oura, Yasuo Terayama, Makoto Sasaki, Kentaro Fujimoto, Jun Yoshida, Kuniaki Ogasawara
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance (MR) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound assess characteristics and neovascularization, respectively, of the carotid plaque. The purpose of the present study was to clarify how findings of contrast-enhanced ultrasound plaque imaging are related to those of 3-dimensional (3D) fast spin echo (FSE) T1-weighted MR plaque imaging (WI) in severe stenosis (≥70%) of the cervical carotid artery. METHODS: Fifty-three patients underwent 3D FSE T1-WI and contrast-enhanced ultrasound...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715333/wheelchair-neuroprosthesis-for-improving-dynamic-trunk-stability
#4
Kramay Patel, Matija Milosevic, Kimitaka Nakazawa, Milos R Popovic, Kei Masani
Trunk instability is a major problem for individuals with thoracic and cervical spinal cord injury. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) neuroprosthesis, a technology that uses small electrical currents to artificially contract muscles, has previously been utilized to improve trunk stability during quasistatic and dynamic sitting. The aim of this study was to develop the first powered wheelchair-based neuroprosthesis and to test its feasibility for improving trunk stability. Eleven male, able-bodied individuals participated in the feasibility study...
July 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714658/the-effect-of-progressive-shoulder-neck-exercise-on-cervical-muscle-functions-of-middle-aged-and-senior-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
I Hsien Lin, Kwang H Chang, Tsan H Liou, Chih M Tsou, Yi C Huang
BACKGROUNDː Although neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder, there is no consensus on suitable exercise methods for middle-aged and senior patients with chronic neck pain. Therefore, this study investigated the effectiveness of a 6-week shoulder-neck exercise intervention program on cervical muscle function improvement in ≥45-year old patients with chronic neck pain. AIM: To evaluated the effects of progressive shoulder-neck exercise on cervical muscle functions of middle-aged and senior patients with chronic neck pain...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714657/women-with-late-whiplash-syndrome-have-greatly-reduced-load-bearing-of-the-cervical-spine-in-vivo-biomechanical-cross-sectional-lateral-radiographic-study
#6
Eythor Kristjansson, Magnus K Gislason
BACKGROUND: No study has been conducted to ascertain whether the load-bearing capacity of the cervical spine is reduced in vivo in late whiplash syndrome (LWS). AIM: To compare the segmental cervical angular values across C0-C6, between two conditions: without versus with external axial load upon the head in three groups of women. DESIGN: A single-blind, age-Body Mass Index (BMI) matched, radiographic, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Radiographic Department at a University Hospital...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713116/therapeutic-evaluation-of-cervical-dysfunction-in-patients-with-myofascial-pain-dysfunction-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#7
B Smriti Jagdhari, Motwani Mukta, A Golhar Saket, Anil V Golhar
AIM: The aim of this study was to find out the therapeutic correlation between cervical dysfunction and myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 46 patients out of which 23 had MPDS with cervical pain (group I), and 23 patients had only MPDS (group II). Detailed history and examination of the patients were carried out, and the factors taken into consideration were pain and tenderness of muscles of mastication and neck muscles, maximum comfortable mouth opening, and cervical range of motion...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711376/motor-evoked-potentials-in-patients-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorder-grade-ii
#8
Jacques De Reuck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is common belief that psychological problems influence the persistence of complains in patients with so-called mild whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). The usefulness of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) is investigated in patients with grade II WAD and remaining complains for more than 6 months. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients, aged between 24 and 58 years, with persistent neck pain for months after a car accident were included...
July 8, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711287/in-vivo-experience-with-poem-an-essential-activity-for-developing-the-technique-in-humans
#9
A Peñaloza-Ramírez, J Suárez-Correa, J Báez-Blanco, C Sabogal-Gómez, H Kuan-Casas, C Sánchez-Pignalosa, P Aponte-Ordóñez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Achalasia is the most widely studied esophageal motility disorder. No treatment has achieved completely satisfactory results. The laparoscopic Heller esophagomyotomy is currently the most accepted technique. With the advent of minimally invasive surgery, the appearance of peroral endoscopic submucosal myotomy (POEM) has promising results. The primary aim of our study was to perform peroral endoscopic esophagomyotomy in animal experimentation models to perfect the technique and later apply it to humans...
July 12, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710663/a-multi-train-electrical-stimulation-protocol-facilitates-transcranial-electrical-motor-evoked-potentials-and-increases-induction-rate-and-reproducibility-even-in-patients-with-preoperative-neurological-deficits
#10
Shuta Ushio, Shigenori Kawabata, Satoshi Sumiya, Tsuyoshi Kato, Toshitaka Yoshii, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Mitsuhiro Enomoto, Atsushi Okawa
This study sought to evaluate the facilitation effect of repetitive multi-train transcranial electrical stimulation (mt-TES) at 2 repetition rates on transcranial electrical motor evoked potential (Tc-MEP) monitoring during spinal surgery, and to assess the induction rate in patients with impaired motor function from a compromised spinal cord or spinal nerve. We studied 32 consecutive patients with impaired motor function undergoing cervical or thoracic spinal surgery (470 muscles). A series of 10 TESs with 5 pulse trains were preoperatively delivered at 2 repetition rates (1 and 5 Hz)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708701/self-reported-concussion-history-and-sensorimotor-tests-predict-head-neck-injuries
#11
Julie A Hides, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis, Julia Treleaven, Andrew H Rotstein, Christopher T Sexton, Nancy Low Choy, Paul McCrory
PURPOSE: Sports related concussion (SRC) is a risk for players involved in high impact, collision sports. A history of SRC is a risk factor for future concussions, but the mechanisms underlying this are unknown. Despite evidence that most visible signs and symptoms associated with sports concussion resolve within 7-10 days, it has been proposed that subclinical loss of neuromuscular control and impaired motor functioning may persist and be associated with further injury. Alternatively, indicators of poor sensorimotor performance could be independent risk factors...
July 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705307/a-new-method-for-enhanced-expectoration-of-sputum-by-vibratory-stimulation-of-the-cervical-trachea
#12
Mitsuhiro Kamimura, Nobuhisa Kameyama, Chie Homma, Tatsuya Ibe, Shinjiro Takeoka, Atsuto Mouri, Yoichiro Hamamoto
BACKGROUND: Expectoration of sputum can be difficult for patients with respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, or bronchiectasis because of the effects of decreased pulmonary function, respiratory muscle fatigue, altered sputum properties, and impaired ciliary function. We developed a new method for the vibratory stimulation of the cervical trachea and this study aimed to compare it with the Acapella (a current oscillation device) method...
July 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702872/dietary-supplementation-of-selenium-enriched-probiotics-enhances-meat-quality-of-broiler-chickens-gallus-gallus-domesticus-raised-under-high-ambient-temperature
#13
Alam Zeb Khan, Shahnawaz Kumbhar, Yunhuan Liu, Mohammad Hamid, Cuiling Pan, Sonia Agostinho Nido, Fahmida Parveen, Kehe Huang
We investigated the effects of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP) on broiler meat quality under high ambient temperature and explore their underlying mechanisms. A total of 200 1-day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allotted to four treatment groups, each with five replicates, in groups of ten birds. These birds were fed a corn-soybean basal diet (C), a basal diet plus probiotics supplementation (P), a basal diet plus Se supplementation in the form of sodium selenite (SS, 0.30 mg Se/kg), and a basal diet with the addition of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP, 0...
July 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702779/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-fallopian-tube-metastases-from-primary-endometrial-cervical-and-nongynecological-malignancies-a-single-institutional-experience
#14
Kiyong Na, Hyun-Soo Kim
This study was aimed at investigating the clinicopathological characteristics of tubal metastases originating from primary endometrial, cervical, and nongynecological malignancies. We performed a 4-year retrospective study in which fallopian tube tissues obtained from 60 patients with tubal metastases were examined. In addition, we compared the number of tubal metastasis cases detected during periods of representative or whole tubal sampling. Twenty-three and 37 tubal metastases were found in cases examined after representative and whole tubal sampling techniques, respectively...
July 13, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699218/impaired-corticomuscular-coherence-during-isometric-elbow-flexion-contractions-in-human-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Sylvain Cremoux, Jessica Tallet, Fabien Dal Maso, Eric Berton, David Amarantini
After spinal cord injury (SCI), the reorganization of the neuromuscular system leads to increased antagonist muscles' co-activation - i.e., increased antagonist vs. agonist muscles activation ratio - during voluntary contractions. Increased muscle co-activation is supposed to result from reduced cortical influences on spinal mechanisms inhibiting antagonist muscles. The assessment of the residual interactions between cortical and muscles activity with corticomuscular coherence (CMC) in participants with SCI producing different force levels may shed new lights on the regulation of muscle co-activation...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698541/ataxia-telangiectasia-in-siblings-oral-motor-and-swallowing-characterization
#16
Silmara Rondon-Melo, Isabel Junqueira de Almeida, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade, Fernanda Chiarion Sassi, Daniela Regina Molini-Avejonas
BACKGROUND The body of literature on oral motor and swallowing disorders in patients with ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is limited. CASE REPORT The purpose of this study was to characterize oral motor and swallowing disorders in two siblings with AT, based on oral motor and swallowing assessments. Specific procedures were applied for oral motor and swallowing assessments and both patients underwent videofluoroscopy (VFS). Case 1 presented vocal instability, change in postural control during feeding; food retention in oral cavity; slower oral transit time; and multiple swallowing (signs for solid and liquid)...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696085/does-fibroids-surgery-by-endoscopy-or-laparotomy-represent-a-malignancy-threat
#17
Liselotte Mettler, Khulkar Abdusattarova, Ibrahim Alkatout
BACKGROUND: 1) to estimate the incidence of unsuspected uterine sarcoma in patients after myomectomies and hysterectomies for benign uterine fibroids. 2) to assessed the incidence of uterine sarcomas among patient who had uterine fibroids or a suspicion of uterine sarcoma before undergoing the surgical procedures. METHODS: Retrospective study in single center university hospital. Patient 's records with uterine fibroids and uterine sarcoma from 2003 to 2015 collected...
July 10, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693584/-long-term-stability-of-stimulating-spiral-nerve-cuff-electrodes-on-human-peripheral-nerves
#18
Breanne P Christie, Max Freeberg, William D Memberg, Gilles J C Pinault, Harry A Hoyen, Dustin J Tyler, Ronald J Triolo
BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation of the peripheral nerves has been shown to be effective in restoring sensory and motor functions in the lower and upper extremities. This neural stimulation can be applied via non-penetrating spiral nerve cuff electrodes, though minimal information has been published regarding their long-term performance for multiple years after implantation. METHODS: Since 2005, 14 human volunteers with cervical or thoracic spinal cord injuries, or upper limb amputation, were chronically implanted with a total of 50 spiral nerve cuff electrodes on 10 different nerves (mean time post-implant 6...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692456/focal-necrotizing-myopathy-with-dropped-head-syndrome-induced-by-cobimetinib-in-metastatic-melanoma
#19
Marie-Léa Gauci, Pauline Laly, Leonard-Louis Sarah, Anthony Behin, Jérémy Gottlieb, Isabelle Madelaine-Chambrin, Barouyr Baroudjian, Laetitia Da-Meda, Samia Mourah, Maxime Battistella, Nicole Basset Seguin, Martine Bagot, Cécile Pages, Laetitia Vercellino, Thierry Maisonobe, Céleste Lebbé
Therapeutic advances derived from targeted therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitors can improve melanoma prognosis. Since 2015, cobimetinib has been approved in combination with vemurafenib in the first-line treatment for BRAF-mutated melanoma. For NRAS-mutated melanomas, MEK inhibition seems to be a therapeutic target, and association with checkpoint inhibitor provides a further therapeutic perspective. Infraclinical creatine phosphokinase (CPK) elevation is an MEK inhibitor side effect. We describe a case of focal necrotizing myopathy with 'dropped-head syndrome' induced by cobimetinib, 1 month after its introduction...
July 7, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688687/low-skeletal-muscle-mass-is-a-predictive-factor-for-chemotherapy-dose-limiting-toxicity-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer
#20
Anne W Wendrich, Justin E Swartz, Sandra I Bril, Inge Wegner, Alexander de Graeff, Ernst J Smid, Remco de Bree, Ajit J Pothen
OBJECTIVES: Low skeletal muscle mass (SMM) or sarcopenia is emerging as an adverse prognostic factor for chemotherapy dose-limiting toxicity (CLDT) and survival in cancer patients. Our aim was to determine the impact of low SMM on CDLT in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LA-HNSCC) treated with primary radiochemotherapy (RCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients diagnosed with LA-HNSCC and treated with primary RCT between 2007 and 2011 in our center were included...
August 2017: Oral Oncology
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