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Transesophageal echocardiogram

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279077/platypnea-orthodeoxia-syndrome-after-complicated-cholecystectomy-an-unsuspected-diagnosis
#1
Catarina Queirós, Elsa Francisco, João Almeida
A 65-year-old woman with no significant prior medical history presented, in the postoperative course of a complicated cholecystectomy, several episodes of arterial desaturation. Pulmonary embolism was repeatedly suspected, but there was no evidence of pulmonary thrombus on the chest computed tomography angiographies obtained. As these episodes were mainly induced by postural changes, a platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome was suspected. A transthoracic echocardiogram was performed and revealed a patent foramen ovale...
November 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276443/ruptured-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-associated-with-situs-ambiguus-isolated-levocardia-and-polysplenia
#2
Safieh Golestaneh, Mohammad Amin Kashef, William L Hiser, Amir S Lotfi, Timothy G Egan
Aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva, a rare cardiac condition, results from dilation of an aortic sinus. Sudden aneurysm rupture can trigger rapidly progressive heart failure. We discuss the case of a 57-year-old woman with situs ambiguus, isolated levocardia, and polysplenia who presented with acute-onset heart failure. Transesophageal echocardiograms revealed an aneurysm of the right coronary sinus of Valsalva that had ruptured into the right atrial cavity. The patient underwent successful surgical repair. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm in a patient with this combination of congenital abnormalities...
December 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260427/efficacy-and-safety-of-dabigatran-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-scheduled-for-transoesophageal-echocardiogram-guided-direct-electrical-current-cardioversion-a-prospective-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#3
Vincenzo Russo, Anna Rago, Andrea Antonio Papa, Antonio D'Onofrio, Paolo Golino, Gerardo Nigro
Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are predisposed to a hypercoagulable state and are at an increased risk for thromboembolic events when undergoing procedures. This study investigated the long-term efficacy and safety of newly initiated anticoagulation with dabigatran versus uninterrupted vitamin K antagonist (VKA) therapy in patients with AF scheduled for transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE)-guided direct electrical current cardioversion (DCC). Consecutive adult patients with persistent AF scheduled to undergo DCC were included in the study...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226430/3dtee-imaging-of-a-descending-aorta-floating-thrombus-in-a-patient-with-calciphylaxis
#4
Konstantinos C Theodoropoulos, Alexandros Papachristidis, Michael Papitsas, Jonathan Byrne, Mark J Monaghan
We present a case of a 68-year-old man with calciphylaxis, who was found to have a floating thrombus in the descending aorta on a transesophageal echocardiogram. The use of 3D echocardiography demonstrated nicely the free motion of the thrombus, emerging from an atherosclerotic plaque in the descending aorta. Anticoagulation was started for thromboembolism prevention.
December 11, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225261/a-case-of-isolated-left-atrial-infective-mural-endocarditis
#5
Saki Hosokawa, Hideki Okayama, Go Hiasa, Go Kawamura, Tatsuya Shigematsu, Tatsunori Takahashi, Yoshitaka Kawada, Tadakatsu Yamada, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Yukio Kazatani
A 52-year-old man presented with a fever and malaise. Transthoracic echocardiogram was performed because of a holosystolic murmur, which showed mitral valve prolapse and a regurgitation jet toward the posterior wall of the left atrium. There was no apparent vegetation at any valves. Blood cultures were positive for Streptococcus mitis/oralis. Transesophageal echocardiogram revealed vegetation only at the posterior wall of the left atrium exposed to the mitral regurgitant jet. We diagnosed this condition as infective mural endocarditis...
December 8, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190874/-subaortic-membrane-in-adults-a-brief-review-of-literature-apropos-of-one-case
#6
Katherine Ruiz, Jorge Curotto-Grasiosi, Rogelio A Machado, Adriana Angel, Diego Alasia, Bruno Peressotti
A 54-year-old man, ex smoker with high blood pressure and a history of possible Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome was admitted for presenting an episode suggestive of acute coronary syndrome with immediate syncope and left bundle branch block, while performing physical activity. Angioplasty and a drug-eluting stent were performed in the left circumflex artery. Subsequently, Doppler echocardiography disclosed an image suggestive of a subaortic membrane. Given these findings, the patient underwent a 3D transesophageal echocardiogram and a magnetic resonance study, which confirmed the diagnosis of a subaortic membrane...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181735/-oral-anticoagulation-and-platelet-inhibition-after-atrial-appendage-occlusion
#7
REVIEW
Martin W Bergmann, Carsten W Israel
In Europe left atrial appendage occluders (LAAO) are most frequently used in patients with contraindications for oral anticoagulation (OAC); therefore, the classical therapeutic OAC scheme from the PROTECT-AF trial (vitamin K antagonist plus acetylsalicylic acid) is usually changed to dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT) after implantation of a Watchman® or Amulet® LAAO (St. Jude Medical/Abbott, Eschborn, Germany). For many years, patients with an LAAO received DAPT for 1-6 months. The current standard comprises DAPT for 3 months, followed by permanent acetylsalicylic acid monotherapy if the transesophageal echocardiogram excludes a thrombus at the site of the LAAO...
December 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181204/a-case-of-invasive-pneumococcal-infection-with-septic-shock-and-rare-complications
#8
John R Woytanowski, Nausheen Hakim, Caytlin Deering, Sara Schultz
Invasive pneumococcus is a serious illness with potentially devastating outcomes. A 64-year-old female with a medical history of psoriatic arthritis and diabetes was transferred from an outside hospital for ventilator dependent respiratory failure and altered mental status. She initially presented with worsening back pain and was found to have leukocytosis with bandemia and acute renal failure but she was in septic shock upon arrival to our tertiary care center. Her blood cultures grew Streptococcus pneumoniae and MRI of the brain revealed pus within the posterior lateral ventricles and multiple infarcts...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180025/delay-from-diagnosis-to-surgery-in-transferred-type-a-aortic-dissection
#9
William Froehlich, Jip L Tolenaar, Kevin M Harris, Craig Strauss, Thoralf M Sundt, Thomas T Tsai, Mark D Peterson, Arturo Evangelista, Daniel G Montgomery, Eva Kline-Rogers, Christoph A Nienaber, James B Froehlich, Eric M Isselbacher, Kim A Eagle, Santi Trimarchi
OBJECTIVES: To analyze factors associated with delays to surgical management of Type A acute aortic dissection patients enrolled in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection. METHODS: We evaluated 1880 surgically-managed Type A acute aortic dissection patients enrolled between 1996 and 2012 with data for times of diagnosis and surgery, accounting for demographic, clinical and diagnostic variables associated with surgical delay. RESULTS: The majority of patients were transferred (75...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162223/effects-of-pectus-excavatum-repair-on-right-and-left-ventricular-strain
#10
Chieh-Ju Chao, Dawn Jaroszewski, Michael Gotway, MennatAllah Ewais, Susan Wilansky, Steven Lester, Samuel Unzek, Christopher P Appleton, Hari P Chaliki, Brantley D Gaitan, Farouk Mookadam, Tasneem Z Naqvi
BACKGROUND: The cardiopulmonary benefits of pectus excavatum repair have been debated. Echocardiographic speckle-tracking strain and strain rate have been used to evaluate and detect subclinical myocardial dysfunction in patients receiving cardiotoxic chemotherapy, and patients with valvular heart disease. This technology was applied to evaluate the effects of pectus excavatum surgery on left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) function. METHODS: Speckle tracing strain evaluation was performed on intraoperative transesophageal echocardiographic images acquired immediately before and after Nuss repair in adult patients (aged 18 years or more) from 2011 to 2014...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154747/disseminated-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-infection
#11
David R Perkins, James A Hall, Lisa M Lopez, Lizbeth Janice Cahuayme-Zuniga
INTRODUCTION: When clinicians think about Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, what comes to the mind of most is the dreaded methicillin-resistant form. However, clinicians should not forget the methicillin-susceptible type, which is just as virulent. CASE PRESENTATION: The authors present the case of a 20-year-old woman who was admitted with septic shock and multi-organ failure and was found to have disseminated methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infection...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142816/unilateral-pulmonary-edema-in-a-patient-with-worsening-tricuspid-valve-regurgitation-a-secret-inside-pulmonary-veins
#12
Elvira Resciniti, Ilaria Caso, Iside Scarfò, Giuseppe Di Pasquale, Giovanni La Canna
We present the case of a 69-year-old patient who was referred to the Department of Echocardiography for surgical treatment of severe tricuspid valve regurgitation (TVR) with advanced congestive heart failure. In 2013 the patient underwent unsuccessful percutaneous ablation for permanent atrial fibrillation. In 2015, following numerous episodes of atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure with left pleural effusion, the patient was admitted to another center. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed severe TVR and moderate precapillary pulmonary hypertension, confirmed at right cardiac catheterization...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116972/low-cardiac-output-syndrome-after-adult-cardiac-surgery-predictive-value-of-peak-systolic-global-longitudinal-strain
#13
Philippe Amabili, Sabeha Benbouchta, Laurence Roediger, Marc Senard, Marie Bernard Hubert, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Jean-François Brichant, Gregory A Hans
BACKGROUND: Peak systolic global longitudinal strain (GLS) is increasingly used to quantify left ventricular systolic function. The primary objective of this study was to assess whether GLS obtained during intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram, performed before cardiopulmonary bypass, improves the prediction of postoperative low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) after adult cardiac surgery. METHODS: GLS from 275 patients undergoing on-pump cardiac surgery was calculated retrospectively using two-dimensional- speckle tracking echocardiography (aCMQ module from Qlab software version 10...
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116970/assessment-of-tricuspid-annular-motion-by-speckle-tracking-in-anesthetized-patients-using-transesophageal-echocardiography
#14
Tao Shen, Michael H Picard, Lanqi Hua, Sara M Burns, Michael N Andrawes
BACKGROUND: The perioperative assessment of right ventricular (RV) function remains a challenge. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) using M-mode is a widely used measure of RV function. However, accurate alignment of the ultrasound beam with the direction of annular movement can be difficult with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to measure TAPSE, precluding effective use of M-mode to measure annular excursion. Tracking of specular reflectors in the myocardium may provide an angle-independent method to assess annular motion with TEE...
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092714/pylephlebitis-presenting-as-spontaneous-coronary-sinus-thrombosis-a-case-report
#15
Michael A Hart, Mengistu A Simegn
BACKGROUND: Coronary sinus thrombosis is a rare phenomenon. When identified, it most often is a complication of infective endocarditis or procedural intervention. We present an unusual and unreported case of spontaneous coronary sinus thrombosis as embolic sequela of an intra-abdominal infectious process. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 61-year-old white woman with a history of end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation not on long-term systemic anticoagulation, and history of recurrent diverticulitis that presented with acute onset abdominal pain and nausea...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080980/diagnosing-catheter-associated-blood-stream-infection-by-transesophageal-echocardiogram
#16
Shek Yin Au, Ka Man Fong, Ka Lee Lily Chan, Kai Cheuk Sin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062562/anomalous-origin-of-the-right-coronary-artery-from-the-left-coronary-sinus-case-report
#17
Ziyab K Sarfaraz, Mohammad S Siddiqi, Adil H Al-Kindi, Tarek Alameddine
The anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the left coronary sinus is a rare congenital disorder and can often result in sudden death upon initial presentation. We report a 19-year-old male patient who was referred to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with multiple episodes of exertional angina. He was diagnosed as having an anomalous right coronary artery arising from the left coronary sinus following an intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram. An unroofing ostioplasty of the anomalous right coronary artery was successful...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043211/native-valve-endocarditis-caused-by-achromobacter-xylosoxidans-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Caio Godoy Rodrigues, Jairo Rays, Marcia Yoshie Kanegae
Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a Gram-negative aerobic bacterium first described by Yabuuchi and Ohyama in 1971. A. xylosoxidans is frequently found in aquatic environments. Abdominal, urinary tract, ocular, pneumonia, meningitis, and osteomyelitis are the most common infections. Infective endocarditis is rare. As far as we know, until now, only 19 cases have been described, including this current report. We report the case of community-acquired native valve endocarditis caused by A. xylosoxidans in an elderly patient without a concomitant diagnosis of a malignancy or any known immunodeficiency...
July 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038738/a-case-of-infective-endocarditis-and-spinal-epidural-abscess-caused-by-streptococcus-mitis-bacteremia
#19
Victoria S Byrd, Attila S Nemeth
A 57-year-old man presented with abdominal pain, hematemesis, and melena. He reported taking high-dose ibuprofen for back pain and drinking several 24-ounce beers daily. Examination was remarkable for icteric sclera, poor dentition, tachycardia, and crescendo-decrescendo murmur at right upper sternal border, radiating to the carotids. Labs revealed leukocytosis, anemia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated liver function tests and INR. Endoscopy demonstrated antral ulcers, duodenitis, and esophagitis. Blood cultures were obtained and broad-spectrum antibiotics started; cultures later grew Streptococcus mitis, and antibiotic coverage was narrowed...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037831/a-complex-case-of-pacemaker-lead-endocarditis
#20
Henrique Guedes, Adriana Pereira, Rui Pontes Dos Santos, Leonor Marques, Nuno Moreno, Alexandra Castro, Rui Cunha E Sousa, Aurora Andrade, Paula Pinto
Pacemaker lead endocarditis is an uncommon complication after pacemaker implantation, but is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The authors describe the case of a 68-year-old woman with a double-chamber pacemaker since 2007, admitted to an internal medicine department for spondylodiscitis and Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. During hospitalization, she had an episode of syncope; the 12-lead electrocardiogram showed pacemaker malfunction with ventricular undersensing and loss of capture...
October 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
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