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parathyroid-like hormone

Motoko Tanaka, Kazuki Yoshida, Shingo Fukuma, Kazuko Ito, Kazutaka Matsushita, Masafumi Fukagawa, Shunichi Fukuhara, Tadao Akizawa
OBJECTIVES: Anemia is an important prognostic factor in hemodialysis patients. It has been reported that parathyroidectomy ameliorates anemia and reduces the requirement of postoperative erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of cinacalcet, which is considered as a pharmacological parathyroidectomy, on anemia in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: We used data from a prospective cohort of Japanese hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism; the criteria were: intact parathyroid hormone concentrations ≥ 180 pg/mL or use of an intravenous or oral vitamin D receptor activator...
2016: PloS One
Marc N Wein, Yanke Liang, Olga Goransson, Thomas B Sundberg, Jinhua Wang, Elizabeth A Williams, Maureen J O'Meara, Nicolas Govea, Belinda Beqo, Shigeki Nishimori, Kenichi Nagano, Daniel J Brooks, Janaina S Martins, Braden Corbin, Anthony Anselmo, Ruslan Sadreyev, Joy Y Wu, Kei Sakamoto, Marc Foretz, Ramnik J Xavier, Roland Baron, Mary L Bouxsein, Thomas J Gardella, Paola Divieti-Pajevic, Nathanael S Gray, Henry M Kronenberg
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) activates receptors on osteocytes to orchestrate bone formation and resorption. Here we show that PTH inhibition of SOST (sclerostin), a WNT antagonist, requires HDAC4 and HDAC5, whereas PTH stimulation of RANKL, a stimulator of bone resorption, requires CRTC2. Salt inducible kinases (SIKs) control subcellular localization of HDAC4/5 and CRTC2. PTH regulates both HDAC4/5 and CRTC2 localization via phosphorylation and inhibition of SIK2. Like PTH, new small molecule SIK inhibitors cause decreased phosphorylation and increased nuclear translocation of HDAC4/5 and CRTC2...
October 19, 2016: Nature Communications
Thomas Hanna, Jacob A Akoh
Renal hyperparathyroidism (RHPT) is a common complication of renal failure and it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the patient characteristics which might predict persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism after surgery and to assess the long-term effect of unsuccessful surgery. This is a retrospective study of all chronic kidney disease patients who required a total parathyroidectomy (TP) because of failed medical management from January 1999 to December 2014...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Kannikar Wongdee, Nateetip Krishnamra, Narattaphol Charoenphandhu
Both types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM and T2DM) are associated with profound deterioration of calcium and bone metabolism, partly from impaired intestinal calcium absorption, leading to a reduction in calcium uptake into the body. T1DM is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis, whereas the skeletal changes in T2DM are variable, ranging from normal to increased and to decreased BMD. However, both types of DM eventually compromise bone quality through production of advanced glycation end products and misalignment of collagen fibrils (so-called matrix failure), thereby culminating in a reduction of bone strength...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
J Kelly Smith, Rhesa Dykes, David S Chi
Although it is recognized that the mechanical stresses associated with physical activity augment bone mineral density and improve bone quality, our understanding of how exercise modulates bone homeostasis at the molecular level is lacking. In a before and after trial involving 43 healthy adults, we measured the effect of six months of supervised exercise training on the spontaneous and phytohemagglutinin-induced production of osteoclastogenic cytokines (interleukin-1α, tumor necrosis factor-α), antiosteoclastogenic cytokines (transforming growth factor-β1 and interleukins 4 and 10), pleiotropic cytokines with variable effects on osteoclastogenesis (interferon-γ, interleukin-6), and T cell growth and differentiation factors (interleukins 2 and 12) by peripheral blood mononuclear cells...
2016: Journal of Osteoporosis
A A Khan, D A Hanley, R Rizzoli, J Bollerslev, J E M Young, L Rejnmark, R Thakker, P D'Amour, T Paul, S Van Uum, M Zakaria Shrayyef, D Goltzman, S Kaiser, N E Cusano, R Bouillon, L Mosekilde, A W Kung, S D Rao, S K Bhadada, B L Clarke, J Liu, Q Duh, E Michael Lewiecki, F Bandeira, R Eastell, C Marcocci, S J Silverberg, R Udelsman, K Shawn Davison, J T Potts, M L Brandi, J P Bilezikian
The purpose of this review is to assess the most recent evidence in the management of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and provide updated recommendations for its evaluation, diagnosis and treatment. A Medline search of "Hyperparathyroidism. Primary" was conducted and the literature with the highest levels of evidence were reviewed and used to formulate recommendations. PHPT is a common endocrine disorder usually discovered by routine biochemical screening. PHPT is defined as hypercalcemia with increased or inappropriately normal plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH)...
September 9, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Karan Gulati, Masakazu Kogawa, Matthew Prideaux, David M Findlay, Gerald J Atkins, Dusan Losic
There is an ongoing demand for new approaches for treating localized bone pathologies. Here we propose a new strategy for treatment of such conditions, via local delivery of hormones/drugs to the trauma site using drug releasing nano-engineered implants. The proposed implants were prepared in the form of small Ti wires/needles with a nano-engineered oxide layer composed of array of titania nanotubes (TNTs). TNTs implants were inserted into a 3D collagen gel matrix containing human osteoblast-like, and the results confirmed cell migration onto the implants and their attachment and spread...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Zhiyun Yang, Li Wang, Xianbo Wang
Matrine is a Chinese medicine, which is widely utilized for the attenuation of liver injuries and promotion of liver regeneration. It was previously observed that the in vivo administration of matrine promoted oval cell‑mediated liver regeneration in a rat model, suggesting that this compound may affect the differentiation of hepatic progenitor cells. The present study aimed to determine the mechanisms underlying this observation and to investigate the effect of matrine on the differentiation of the WB‑F344 rat hepatic progenitor cell line...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Brunah A Otieno, Colleen E Krause, Abby L Jones, Richard B Kremer, James F Rusling
Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) is recognized as the major causative agent of humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy (HHM). The paraneoplastic PTHrP has also been implicated in tumor progression and metastasis of many human cancers. Conventional PTHrP detection methods like immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) lack the sensitivity required to measure target peptide levels prior to the development of hypercalcemia. In general, sensitive, multiplexed peptide measurement by immunoassay represents challenges that we address in this paper...
September 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Fengdan Wang, Xufei Huang, Yan Zhang, Jian Li, Daobin Zhou, Zhengyu Jin
Objective. Bone lesion is crucial for diagnosing and management of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin change (POEMS) syndrome, a rare plasma cell disorder. This study is to compare the effectiveness of X-ray skeletal survey (SS) and computed tomography (CT) for detecting bone lesions in Chinese POEMS syndrome patients, and to investigate the relationship between bone lesion features and serum markers. Methods. SS and chest/abdomen/pelvic CT images of 38 Chinese patients (26 males, 12 females, aged 21-70 years) with POEMS syndrome recruited at our medical center between January 2013 and January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
2016: PeerJ
Worawut Choeyprasert, Thitinun Yansomdet, Rungrote Natesirinilkul, Karn Wejaphikul, Pimlak Charoenkwan
BACKGROUND: Imatinib mesylate (IM) is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor and approved for indefinite treatment of pediatric CML. Potential side effects regarding growth failure and bone metabolism were reported, however, the data is still scattered in pediatric CML. METHODS: 6 chronic-phase CML children with the IM treatment with a median age of 9.87 years (range 5.33-12.67) were enrolled onto study. Growth, bone mineral density (BMD), bone parameters, 25(OH)-vitamin D3 (25-OHD3) and blood tests including parathyroid hormone (PTH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGF-BP3), thyroid function test and sex hormones were assessed...
August 19, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Natalie A Sims
Bone renews itself and changes shape throughout life to account for the changing needs of the body; this requires co-ordinated activities of bone resorbing cells (osteoclasts), bone forming cells (osteoblasts) and bone's internal cellular network (osteocytes). This review focuses on paracrine signaling by the IL-6 family of cytokines between bone cells, bone marrow, and skeletal muscle in normal physiology and in pathological states where their levels may be locally or systemically elevated. These functions include the support of osteoclast formation by osteoblast lineage cells in response to interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 11 (IL-11), oncostatin M (OSM) and cardiotrophin 1 (CT-1)...
October 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Anne Camirand, David Goltzman, Ajay Gupta, Mohammadi Kaouass, Dibyendu Panda, Andrew Karaplis
Prolonged skeletal unloading through bedrest results in bone loss similar to that observed in elderly osteoporotic patients, but with an accelerated timeframe. This rapid effect on weight-bearing bones is also observed in astronauts who can lose up to 2% of their bone mass per month spent in Space. Despite the important implications for Spaceflight travelers and bedridden patients, the exact mechanisms involved in disuse osteoporosis have not been elucidated. Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) regulates many physiological processes including skeletal development, and has been proposed as a mechanosensor...
2016: PloS One
Reese W Randle, Courtney J Balentine, Elizabeth Wendt, David F Schneider, Herbert Chen, Rebecca S Sippel
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with hyperparathyroidism, but the importance of replacement before surgery is controversial. We aimed to evaluate the impact of vitamin D deficiency on the extent of resection and risk of postoperative hypocalcemia for patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: We identified patients with primary hyperparathyroidism undergoing parathyroid surgery between 2000 and 2015 using a prospectively maintained database...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
D A Houston, K Myers, V E MacRae, K A Staines, C Farquharson
Sustained exposure to high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), as observed in hyperparathyroidism, is catabolic to bone. The increase in the RANKL/OPG ratio in response to continuous PTH, resulting in increased osteoclastogenesis, is well established. However, the effects of prolonged PTH exposure on key regulators of skeletal mineralisation have yet to be investigated. This study sought to examine the temporal expression of PHOSPHO1, TNAP and nSMase2 in mineralising osteoblast-like cell cultures and to investigate the effects of continuous PTH exposure on the expression of these enzymes in vitro...
November 2016: Calcified Tissue International
Daniel O Kechele, William P Dunworth, Claire E Trincot, Sarah E Wetzel-Strong, Manyu Li, Hong Ma, Jiandong Liu, Kathleen M Caron
RAMPs (receptor activity-modifying proteins) serve as oligomeric modulators for numerous G-protein-coupled receptors, yet elucidating the physiological relevance of these interactions remains complex. Ramp2 null mice are embryonic lethal, with cardiovascular developmental defects similar to those observed in mice null for canonical adrenomedullin/calcitonin receptor-like receptor signaling. We aimed to genetically rescue the Ramp2(-/-) lethality in order to further delineate the spatiotemporal requirements for RAMP2 function during development and thereby enable the elucidation of an expanded repertoire of RAMP2 functions with family B G-protein-coupled receptors in adult homeostasis...
September 2016: Hypertension
Susanne Thiele, Giovanna Mantovani, Anne Barlier, Valentina Boldrin, Paolo Bordogna, Luisa de Sanctis, Francesca Elli, Kathleen Freson, Intza Garin, Virginie Grybek, Patrick Hanna, Benedetta Izzi, Olaf Hiort, Beatriz Lecumberri, Arrate Pereda, Vrinda Saraff, Caroline Silve, Serap Turan, Alessia Usardi, Ralf Werner, Guiomar Perez de Nanclares, Agnès Linglart
OBJECTIVE: Disorders caused by impairments in the parathyroid hormone (PTH) signalling pathway are historically classified under the term pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP), that encompasses rare, related but highly heterogeneous diseases with demonstrated (epi)genetic causes. The actual classification is based on the presence or absence of specific clinical and biochemical signs together with an in vivo response to exogenous PTH and the results of an in vitro assay to measure Gsa protein activity...
July 11, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Xin-Yan Zhao, Jia Li, Jing-Han Wang, Sohail Habib, Wei Wei, Shu-Jie Sun, Henry W Strobel, Ji-Dong Jia
Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with chronic liver diseases. However, vitamin D status in persons with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is not consistently reported. Specifically, the impact of liver dysfunction on vitamin D status has not been well addressed.We recruited a group of patients (n = 345) with chronic hepatitis B (n = 115), hepatitis B related cirrhosis (n = 115), and age- and gender-matched healthy controls (n = 115). Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3], its related metabolic enzymes, intact parathyroid hormone were measured...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Neha Kajale, Anuradha Khadilkar, Shashi Chiplonkar, Zulf Mughal, Vaman Khadilkar, Nina Mansukhani
BACKGROUND: Bone turnover is high during lactation. However, studies on bone status of Indian urban mothers are scarce. Hence, the objective was to conduct a cross-sectional study on the lactation-related changes in bone health status of Indian mothers postpartum using Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) at 3 time points: within a week of delivery, at 1- and 3-years postpartum. We also explored the association of dietary calcium intake, physical activity, serum vitamin D status, and dietary traditional food supplements (Dietary Food supplements) with bone health...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Kristina von Heyking, Laura Roth, Miriam Ertl, Oxana Schmidt, Julia Calzada-Wack, Frauke Neff, Elizabeth R Lawlor, Stefan Burdach, Guenther H S Richter
Microarray analysis revealed genes of the posterior HOXD locus normally involved in bone formation to be over-expressed in primary Ewing sarcoma (ES). The expression of posterior HOXD genes was not influenced via ES pathognomonic EWS/ETS translocations. However, knock down of the dickkopf WNT signaling pathway inhibitor 2 (DKK2) resulted in a significant suppression of HOXD10, HOXD11 and HOXD13 while over-expression of DKK2 and stimulation with factors of the WNT signaling pathway such as WNT3a, WNT5a or WNT11 increased their expression...
May 30, 2016: Oncotarget
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