keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

parathyroid-like hormone

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727763/loss-of-receptor-activity-modifying-protein-2-in-mice-causes-placental-dysfunction-and-alters-pth1r-regulation
#1
Mahita Kadmiel, Brooke C Matson, Scott T Espenschied, Patricia M Lenhart, Kathleen M Caron
Receptor activity-modifying protein 2 (Ramp2) is a single-pass transmembrane protein that heterodimerizes with several family B G-protein coupled receptors to alter their function. Ramp2 has been primarily characterized in association with calcitonin receptor-like receptor (Calcrl, CLR), forming the canonical receptor complex for the endocrine peptide adrenomedullin (Adm, AM). However, we previously demonstrated that Ramp2+/- female mice display a constellation of endocrine-related phenotypes that are distinct from those of Adm+/- and Calcrl+/- mice, implying that RAMP2 has physiological functions beyond its canonical complex...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725317/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-the-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-on-hemodialysis
#2
Khaled A Alswat, Awwadh Althobaiti, Khulod Alsaadi, Amaal Saeed Alkhaldi, Maryam Mutlaq Alharthi, Walaa Abduraheem Abuharba, Ahmed A Alzaidi
BACKGROUND: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have a 2.6-fold greater risk of incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). The primary goal of this study was to assess the prevalence of MetS in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are on hemodialysis (HD) and the impact of MetS presence on HD-related outcomes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the Dialysis Center, King Abdulaziz Specialist Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia. It was conducted among ESRD patients that attended the Dialysis Center between August 2013 and September 2016...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711370/assessing-the-risk-of-hypercalcemic-crisis-in-patients-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#3
Andrew J Lowell, Norah M Bushman, Xing Wang, Yue Ma, Susan C Pitt, Rebecca S Sippel, David F Schneider, Reese W Randle
BACKGROUND: Hypercalcemic crisis (HC) is a potentially life-threatening manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). This study aimed to identify patients with PHPT at greatest risk for developing HC. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with a preoperative calcium of at least 12 mg/dL undergoing initial parathyroidectomy for PHPT from 11/2000 to 03/2016. We compared those with HC, defined as needing hospitalization for hypercalcemia, to those without HC...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690912/atypical-skeletal-manifestations-of-rickets-in-a-familial-hypocalciuric-hypercalcemia-patient
#4
Bo Wu, Ou Wang, Yan Jiang, Mei Li, Xiaoping Xing, Weibo Xia
Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) is caused by inactivating mutations in the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) gene. The loss of function of CaSR presents with rickets as the predominant skeletal abnormality in mice, but is rarely reported in humans. Here we report a case of a 16-year-old boy with FHH who presented with skeletal manifestations of rickets. To identify the possible pathogenic mutation, the patient was evaluated clinically, biochemically, and radiographically. The patient and his family members were screened for genetic mutations...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682540/-influence-on-indian-hedgehog-parathyroid-hormone-like-related-protein-pathway-induced-by-altered-masticatory-loading-in-the-condylar-cartilage-of-growing-rabbits
#5
Yan Fan, Feng Jianying, Liu Chenyan, Wang Pan, Sun Zhe, Shi Changjing
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of altered masticatory loading on Indian hedgehog (Ihh)-parathyroid hormone-like related protein (PThrP) pathway in the condylar cartilage of growing rabbits. METHODS: A total of 48 10-day-old rabbits were randomly divided into two groups and fed different kinds of food, such as solid diet and soft diet. The animals were sacrificed after 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks. Difference of Ihh and PThrP expression levels induced by altered masticatory loading was tested by hematoxylin-eosin (HE), immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
April 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680200/radio-guided-minimally-invasive-parathyroidectomy-a-descriptive-report-of-the-experience-from-tertiary-center-in-bangalore
#6
Bhushan Vidya, Shubhra Chauhan, Naveen Hedne Chandrasekhar, H V Sunil, Vijay Pillai, Vivek Shetty, R L Vijayaraghavan, Moni Abraham Kuriakose, Subramanian Kannan
OVERVIEW: Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) is an accepted surgical procedure for parathyroid adenomas. In the patients with parathyroid adenoma localized by dual phase (99m)Tc-Sestamibi scan, a focused approach utilizing the gamma probe intra-operatively helps in ensuring complete resection and avoiding exploration of the other parathyroid glands. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the performance of radio-guided MIP for parathyroid adenomas detected by dual phase (99m)Tc-MIBI preoperatively, without intra-operative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) monitoring for patients who had evidence of single-gland disease...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676438/parathyroid-hormone-inhibits-notch-signaling-in-osteoblasts-and-osteocytes
#7
Stefano Zanotti, Ernesto Canalis
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and Notch receptors regulate bone formation by governing the function of osteoblastic cells. To determine whether PTH interacts with Notch signaling as a way to control osteoblast function, we tested the effects of PTH on Notch activity in osteoblast- and osteocyte-enriched cultures. Notch signaling was activated in osteoblast-enriched cells from wild-type C57BL/6J mice following exposure to the Notch ligand Delta-like (Dll)1 or by the transient transfection of the Notch intracellular domain (NICD), the transcriptionally active fragment of Notch1...
July 1, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667579/the-impact-of-fish-oil-and-wheat-germ-oil-combination-on-mineral-bone-and-inflammatory-markers-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Hadeer Zakaria, Tarek M Mostafa, Gamal A El-Azab, Ahmed M Abd El Wahab, Heba Elshahawy, Nagy Ah Sayed-Ahmed
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the impact of combined supplementation of fish oil (FO) with antioxidants like wheat germ oil (WGO) on mineral-bone and inflammatory markers in maintenance HD patients. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involved 46 HD patients who were randomly assigned into two groups to receive daily 3000 mg of FO [1053 mg omega-3 fatty acids (ω-3 FAs)] plus 300 mg of WGO [0.765 mg vitamin E] or placebo for 4 months...
June 30, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621914/distinguishing-parathyroid-and-thyroid-lesions-on-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-a-correlation-of-clinical-data-ancillary-studies-and-molecular-analysis
#9
Margaret Cho, Thaira Oweity, Tamar C Brandler, Karen Fried, Pascale Levine
BACKGROUND: Differentiating parathyroid and thyroid lesions can be challenging because of considerable morphologic overlap and anatomic proximity. Therefore, the authors sought to identify characteristic morphologic patterns and useful adjunct tests to distinguish these 2 entities. METHODS: A search was conducted in the study institution database for clinically indeterminate thyroid nodules from 2000 through 2016 with an emphasis on confirmed parathyroid nodules...
June 16, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609827/non-androgenic-anabolic-hormones-predict-risk-of-frailty-european-male-ageing-study-prospective-data
#10
Agniescka Swiecicka, Mark Lunt, Tomás Ahern, Terence W O'Neill, György Bartfai, Felipe F Casanueva, Gianni Forti, Aleksander Giwercman, Thang S Han, Michael E J Lean, Neil Pendleton, Margus Punab, Jolanta Slowikowska-Hilczer, Dirk Vanderschueren, Ilpo T Huhtaniemi, Frederick C W Wu, Martin K Rutter
Context: Low levels of non-androgenic anabolic hormones have been linked with frailty but evidence is conflicting and prospective data are largely lacking. Objective: To determine associations between non-androgenic anabolic hormones and prospective changes in frailty status. Design/setting: 4.3-year prospective observational study of community-dwelling men participating in the European Male Ageing Study. Participants: 3369 men aged 40-79 from 8 European centres...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508612/the-longevity-hormone-klotho-is-a-new-player-in-the-interacion-of-the-growth-hormone-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-axis
#11
Tami Rubinek, Ido Wolf, Dalit Modan-Moses
Klotho was first discovered as an aging-suppressor gene. Mice that do not express klotho die prematurely with multiple symptoms of aging, several of which are also characteristic of decreased GH/IGF-1 axis activity. Klotho is highly expressed in the brain, the kidney, and parathyroid and pituitary glands, but can also serve as a circulating hormone by its shedding, forming soluble klotho (sKlotho) that can be detected in blood, cerebrospinal fluid and urine. Several lines of evidence suggest an association between klotho levels and activity of the GH/IHG-1 axis: The GH-secreting cells in the anterior pituitary of klotho-deficient mice are hypotrophic; klotho levels are altered in subjects with pathologies of the GH/IGF-1 axis; and accumulating data indicate that klotho is a direct regulator of GH secretion...
September 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497088/pulmonary-hypertension-among-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#12
Fatemeh Hayati, Seyed Seifollah Beladi Mousavi, Seyed Majid Mousavi Movahed, Maryam Mofrad Bushehri
Introduction: The epidemiology of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) among long-term hemodialysis patients has been described in relatively small studies in Iran. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of PHT and its relationship among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis (HD). Patients and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, patients with ESRD treated with HD for at least 3 months in the Imam hospital enrolled for the study. PHT was defined as an estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) equal to or higher than 25 mm Hg using echocardiograms performed by cardiologist...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490422/cftr-mediated-anion-secretion-across-intestinal-epithelium-like-caco-2-monolayer-under-pth-stimulation-is-dependent-on-intermediate-conductance-k-channels
#13
Walailak Jantarajit, Kornkamon Lertsuwan, Jarinthorn Teerapornpuntakit, Nateetip Krishnamra, Narattaphol Charoenphandhu
Parathyroid hormone (PTH), a pleiotropic hormone that maintains mineral homeostasis, is also essential for controlling pH balance and ion transport across renal and intestinal epithelia. Optimization of luminal pH is important for absorption of trace elements, e.g., calcium and phosphorus. We have previously demonstrated that PTH rapidly stimulated electrogenic HCO3(-) secretion in intestinal epithelial-like Caco-2 monolayer, but the underlying cellular mechanism, contributions of other ions, particularly Cl(-) and K(+), and long-lasting responses are not completely understood...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482269/skeletal-growth-and-bone-mineral-acquisition-in-type-1-diabetic-children-abnormalities-of-the-gh-igf-1-axis
#14
REVIEW
Manish Raisingani, Brar Preneet, Brenda Kohn, Shoshana Yakar
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases diagnosed in childhood. Childhood and adolescent years are also the most important period for growth in height and acquisition of skeletal bone mineral density (BMD). The growth hormone (GH)/insulin like growth factor -1 (IGF-1) axis which regulates growth, is affected by T1DM, with studies showing increased GH and decreased IGF-1 levels in children with T1DM. There is conflicting data as to whether adolescents with TIDM are able to achieve their genetically-determined adult height...
June 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474257/a-cumulative-effect-involving-malfunction-of-the-pth1r-and-atp4a-genes-explains-a-familial-gastric-neuroendocrine-tumor-with-hypothyroidism-and-arthritis
#15
Oriol Calvete, Maite Herraiz, Jose Reyes, Ana Patiño, Javier Benitez
BACKGROUND: Type I gastric neuroendocrine tumors (gNETs) classically arise because of hypergastrinemia and involve destruction of parietal cells, which are responsible for gastric acid secretion through the ATP4A proton pump and for intrinsic factor production. METHODS: By whole exome sequencing, we studied a family with three members with gNETs plus hypothyroidism and rheumatoid arthritis to uncover their genetic origin. RESULTS: A heterozygous missense mutation in the ATP4A gene was identified...
May 4, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473946/fahr-s-syndrome-misdiagnosed-as-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#16
Syeda Naqvi, Samiullah Arshad, Rida Hanif, Khaled Abdelmaqsoud Hamed Elfert
Fahr's syndrome is a rare disease entity which presents with multiple neurological symptoms like movement disorder or cognitive impairment. We describe a case of a young male patient who presented with symptoms mimicking schizophrenia. He failed to improve despite medical management. He developed an episode of seizure which prompted us to make a computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain, revealing bilateral calcification of basal ganglia, despite normal serum calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. This case experience explains the need to rule out all pathological causes of hallucinations before making a diagnosis of schizophrenia...
March 2, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465969/study-of-vitamin-d-status-in-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-at-a-teaching-hospital-in-north-india
#17
S Priya, Zeba Siddiqi, Ritu Karoli, Jalees Fatima, Saumya Gupta, Ritu Mishra
BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have indicated a much broader role to Vitamin D than simply the regulation of calcium metabolism alone. Vitamin D likely confers physiologically relevant pleiotropic functions that include cardioprotective and immunomodulatory effect, and its deficiency could lead to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and heart failure. AIM: The aim of our work was to evaluate the presence of hypovitaminosis D in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCMP) and to study any correlation of echocardiographic parameters with Vitamin D deficiency...
July 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456365/medication-management-after-intramedullary-nailing-of-atypical-fractures
#18
Jean-Marc Feron, Adeline Cambon-Binder
Long term use of bisphosphonates (BPs) in osteoporotic patients may be associated with stress fractures of the sub-trochanteric and shaft area of the femur, so called "atypical" femoral fractures (AFF). Specific diagnosis criteria have been defined with 5 major features; the presence of four of them characterizes the AFF. Once a complete fracture occurred, the best surgical treatment is closed reduction and intra medullary nailing. The BPs treatment should be stopped immediately after an AFF occurred. Dietary calcium and vitamin D status should be assessed, and adequate supplementation prescribed...
June 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429550/parathyroid-hormone-targets-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-managing-severe-hyperparathyroidism
#19
Carmel M Hawley, Stephen G Holt
Appropriate targets for parathyroid hormone (PTH) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3-5D are controversial, as are the means by which these targets might be achieved. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is linked to symptoms like bone pain and itch, in addition to less clinically overt issues like bone fragility as well as vascular and soft tissue calcification which may lead to adverse hard endpoints, particularly fracture and death. Recognized therapies for managing a rising PTH include vitamin D analogues, with or without calcimimetic (where available), in addition to management of serum mineral concentrations with diet, binders and dialysis...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408643/gastrin-induces-parathyroid-hormone-like-hormone-expression-in-gastric-parietal-cells
#20
Asma Al Menhali, Theresa M Keeley, Elise S Demitrack, Linda C Samuelson
Parietal cells play a fundamental role in stomach maintenance, not only by creating a pathogen-free environment through the production of gastric acid, but also by secreting growth factors important for homeostasis of the gastric epithelium. The gastrointestinal hormone gastrin is known to be a central regulator of both parietal cell function and gastric epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. Our previous gene expression profiling studies of mouse stomach identified parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) as a potential gastrin-regulated gastric growth factor...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
keyword
keyword
45097
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"