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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822026/corneal-thickness-residual-stromal-thickness-and-its-effect-on-opaque-bubble-layer-in-small-incision-lenticule-extraction
#1
Jiaonan Ma, Yan Wang, Liuyang Li, Jiamei Zhang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the central corneal thickness (CCT) and residual stromal thickness (RST) on the formation of opaque bubble layer (OBL) during small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: A total of 345 eyes from Refractive Surgery Center database at Tianjin Eye Hospital that had been subjected to SMILE surgery and followed for 6 months were included in this study and divided into OBL and OBL-free groups. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data for all eyes were evaluated and analyzed using multivariate regression analysis...
August 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818171/rapid-and-promising-technique-to-treat-gummy-smile-lip-repositioning
#2
Muhammad Nazeer Khan, Zainab Akbar, Irfan Shah
Beautiful smile is a booster to person's confidence. Gummy smile is a term used for excessive gingival display (EGD). Its etiology is multifactorial. Bone vertical maxillary excess (VME) is one of the cause of EGD. In this case series, lip repositioning was performed to treat mild to moderate degree of gingival display ( 2 to 8 mm) due to VME. Lip repositioning is simple, promising, meticulous and comparatively cheap alternative technique for treating gummy smile.
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817222/heavily-substituted-atropisomeric-diarylamines-by-unactivated-smiles-rearrangement-of-n-aryl-anthranilamides
#3
Romain Costil, Harvey Dale, Natalie Fey, George Whitcombe, Johnathan Matlock, Jonathan Clayden
Diarylamines find use as metal ligands and as structural components of drug molecules, and are commonly made by metal catalyzed C-N coupling. However, the limited tolerance to steric hindrance of these couplings restricts the synthetic availability of more substituted diarylamines. Here we report a remarkable variant of the Smiles rearrangement that employs readily accessible N-aryl anthranilamides as precursors to diarylamines. Conformational predisposition of the anthranilamide starting material brings the aryl rings into proximity and allows the rearrangement to take place despite the absence of electron-withdrawing substituents, and even with sterically encumbered doubly ortho-substituted substrates...
August 17, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816914/congenital-hypotonia-in-toddlerhood
#4
Naomi Steiner, Alcy Torres, Arathi Reddy, Marilyn Augustyn
David is a 22-month-old boy who is new to your practice. He recently moved from a rural area in the Midwest. His father is in the United States Air Force, and his mother works as a full-time homemaker. Their household includes 5 older siblings. The family moves every year because of the father's Air Force placement.David was born full-term in Virginia, with no reported pregnancy complications and no alcohol, tobacco, or drug exposure. He was delivered vaginally, with Apgar scores of 7 and 9, respectively and no respiratory issues...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808774/-refractive-lenticule-extraction-the-relex-smile-technique-video-article
#5
REVIEW
M Blum, W Sekundo
Refractive lenticule extraction (ReLEx/SMILE) is a refractive surgical method developed by the authors in stages primarily for correction of myopia and myopic astigmatism, in which a femtosecond laser is exclusively used. In the (ReLEx/SMILE) method a refractive lenticule is generated by the femtosecond laser, which is subsequently extracted through a small incision. Opening of the corneal surface with a flap and use of an excimer laser is no longer necessary. In 2013 the method was newly assessed and classified by the Joint Commisssion for Refractive Surgery (KRC) of the Professional Association of Ophthalmologists (BVA) and the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG)...
August 14, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806378/gummy-smile-correction-using-lingual-orthodontics-and-augmented-corticotomy-in-extremely-thin-alveolar-housing
#6
Kyung-Yen Nahm, Seung-Yun Shin, Hyo-Won Ahn, Seong-Hun Kim, Gerald Nelson
BACKGROUND: Tooth movement out of anatomic limitations was assisted by augmented corticotomy using deproteinized bovine bone mineral. METHODS: Lip protrusion can be reduced by premolar extraction followed by retraction of the anterior teeth. Surgical intervention is appropriate when the alveolar bone housing of the anterior region is insufficient for the tooth movement. In this patient, corticotomy in upper palatal area and anterior segmented osteotomy in the mandible were performed...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803130/prenatal-phthalate-exposures-and-child-temperament-at-12-and-24-months
#7
Alison B Singer, Mary S Wolff, Manori J Silva, Antonia M Calafat, Stephanie M Engel
INTRODUCTION: Gestational phthalate exposures have been adversely associated with attention, externalizing, and internalizing behaviors in childhood. Early childhood temperament may be a marker of later behavioral patterns. We therefore sought to determine whether gestational phthalate exposures were associated with infant and toddler temperament. METHODS: The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Study is a prospective cohort study of children born between May 1998 and July 2001 in New York City (N=404)...
August 9, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799958/learning-curve-of-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-challenges-and-complications
#8
Jeewan S Titiyal, Manpreet Kaur, Anubha Rathi, Ruchita Falera, Manthan Chaniyara, Namrata Sharma
PURPOSE: To describe the intraoperative complications observed during the initial learning curve of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and their management. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of 100 consecutive eyes (50 patients) undergoing SMILE was performed at an apex tertiary care ophthalmic center. Patients older than 18 years with a stable refractive error ranging from -1.0 to -10.0 D myopia and up to 3.0 D astigmatism were included. Any intraoperative complications and their management were noted...
August 9, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797202/-tears-of-joy-smiles-of-joy-prompt-distinct-patterns-of-interpersonal-emotion-regulation
#9
Oriana R Aragón, Margaret S Clark
Close relationship partners often respond to happiness expressed through smiles with capitalization, i.e. they join in attempting to up-regulate and prolong the individual's positive emotion, and they often respond to crying with interpersonal down-regulation of negative emotions, attempting to dampen the negative emotions. We investigated how people responded when happiness was expressed through tears, an expression termed dimorphous. We hypothesised that the physical expression of crying would prompt interpersonal down-regulation of emotion when the onlooker perceived that the expresser was experiencing negative or positive emotions...
August 11, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796781/embodied-conversational-agents-for-multimodal-automated-social-skills-training-in-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Hiroki Tanaka, Hideki Negoro, Hidemi Iwasaka, Satoshi Nakamura
Social skills training, performed by human trainers, is a well-established method for obtaining appropriate skills in social interaction. Previous work automated the process of social skills training by developing a dialogue system that teaches social communication skills through interaction with a computer avatar. Even though previous work that simulated social skills training only considered acoustic and linguistic information, human social skills trainers take into account visual and other non-verbal features...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793115/geriatric-care-ways-and-means-of-providing-comfort
#11
Patricia Cruz Pontifice Sousa Valente Ribeiro, Rita Margarida Dourado Marques, Marta Pontifice Ribeiro
Objective: To know the ways and means of comfort perceived by the older adults hospitalized in a medical service. Method: Ethnographic study with a qualitative approach. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 22 older adults and participant observation of care situations. Results: The ways and means of providing comfort are centered on strategies for promoting care mobilized by nurses and recognized by patients(clarifying/informing, positive interaction/communication, music therapy, touch, smile, unconditional presence, empathy/proximity relationship, integrating the older adult or the family as partner in the care, relief of discomfort through massage/mobilization/therapy) and on particular moments of comfort (the first contact, the moment of personal hygiene, and the visit of the family), which constitute the foundation of care/comfort...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792325/a-smile-and-a-chat-go-a-long-way
#12
Ela Hamer
Many of my clinical placements have involved working with patients with advanced dementia. At first, I was unsure how to communicate with someone who is disorientated and has memory loss, and I let others take the lead.
August 9, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771544/comparison-of-postoperative-visual-quality-after-smile-and-lasek-for-high-myopia-a-1-year-outcome
#13
Xiaoyu Zhu, Leilei Zou, Manrong Yu, Chen Qiu, Minjie Chen, Jinhui Dai
PURPOSE: To compare the 1-year outcome of visual quality after laser-assisted subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) and femtosecond laser-assisted small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for high myopia correction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, comparative study included 24 eyes of 24 patients in the LASEK group, with a mean spherical equivalent (SE) of -7.59 ± 1.32 diopters, and 26 eyes of 26 patients in the SMILE group, with a mean SE of -7.91 ± 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764484/beyond-lexical-meaning-the-effect-of-emotional-prosody-on-spoken-word-recognition
#14
Seung Kyung Kim, Meghan Sumner
This study employs an auditory-visual associative priming paradigm to test whether non-emotional words uttered in emotional prosody (e.g., pineapple spoken in angry prosody or happy prosody) facilitate recognition of semantically emotional words (e.g., mad, upset or smile, joy). The results show an affective priming effect between emotional prosody and emotional words independent of lexical carriers of the prosody. Learned acoustic patterns in speech (e.g., emotional prosody) map directly to social concepts and representations, and this social information influences the spoken word recognition process...
July 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764323/lipidccs-prediction-of-collision-cross-section-values-for-lipids-with-high-precision-to-support-ion-mobility-mass-spectrometry-based-lipidomics
#15
Zhiwei Zhou, Jia Tu, Xin Xiong, Xiaotao Shen, Zheng-Jiang Zhu
The use of collision cross-section (CCS) values derived from ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) has been proven to facilitate lipid identifications. Its utility is restricted by the limited available CCS values. Recently, the machine-learning algorithm based prediction (e.g., MetCCS) is reported to generate CCS values in a large-scale. However, the prediction precision is not sufficient to differentiate lipids due to their high structural similarities and subtle differences on CCS values. To address this challenge, we developed a new approach, namely, LipidCCS, to precisely predict lipid CCS values...
August 1, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764312/oral-health-and-quality-of-life-current-concepts
#16
REVIEW
R M Baiju, Elbe Peter, N O Varghese, Remadevi Sivaram
The recognition of health related quality of life began ever since WHO expanded the definition of health in 1948. This has resulted in the paradigm shift of health and disease from a medical model to a biopsychosocial model. Oral health too denotes not merely the absence of disease but the general well being so that the person can perform functions like eating, talking and smiling and also can contribute creatively to the society. Health related quality of life is a trade-off between how long and how well people live...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763445/communicating-with-people-living-with-dementia-who-are-nonverbal-the-creation-of-adaptive-interaction
#17
Maggie Ellis, Arlene Astell
Loss of verbal language production makes people with dementia appear unreachable. We previously presented a case study applying nonverbal communication techniques with a lady with dementia who could no longer speak, which we termed Adaptive Interaction. The current small-n study examines the applicability of Adaptive Interaction as a general tool for uncovering the communication repertoires of non-verbal individuals living with dementia. Communicative responses of 30 interaction sessions were coded and analysed in two conditions: Standard (Baseline) and Adaptive Interaction (Intervention)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761329/comparison-of-different-intraocular-pressure-measurement-techniques-in-normal-eyes-and-post-small-incision-lenticule-extraction
#18
Mohamed Hosny, Fayrouz Aboalazayem, Hoda El Shiwy, Mohsen Salem
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the accuracy of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) using Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and ocular response analyzer (ORA). METHODS: This is a prospective clinical study that was conducted on 30 eyes in the interval between February 2016 and September 2016. The age of the patients ranged between 19 and 40 years. The patients underwent SMILE surgery using the femto laser...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760289/orthodontic-surgical-retreatment-of-facial-asymmetry-with-occlusal-cant-and-severe-root-resorption-a-3-year-follow-up
#19
Cinthia de Oliveira Lisboa, Marlon Sampaio Borges, Paulo José D'Albuquerque Medeiros, Alexandre Trindade Motta, José Nelson Mucha
Our objective was to report the orthodontic and surgical retreatment of a patient who had undergone a prolonged orthodontic treatment with extractions, but who had unsatisfactory results and persistent side effects. The man, aged 25 years 3 months, sought treatment with major complaints of facial and smile asymmetries. The clinical examination showed a mandibular deviation to the right and a maxillary occlusal cant. A Class II Division 1 subdivision right was observed. Radiographic examination showed extensive root resorptions in the maxillary second premolars and absence of the 4 first premolars...
August 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758071/effects-of-mirror-therapy-using-a-tablet-pc-on-central-facial-paresis-in-stroke-patients
#20
Jung-A Kang, Min Ho Chun, Su Jin Choi, Min Cheol Chang, You Gyoung Yi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mirror therapy using a tablet PC for post-stroke central facial paresis. METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled study was performed. Twenty-one post-stroke patients were enrolled. All patients performed 15 minutes of orofacial exercise twice daily for 14 days. The mirror group (n=10) underwent mirror therapy using a tablet PC while exercising, whereas the control group (n=11) did not. All patients were evaluated using the Regional House-Brackmann Grading Scale (R-HBGS), and the length between the corner of the mouth and the ipsilateral earlobe during rest and smiling before and after therapy were measured bilaterally...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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