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Shu-Xian Feng, Xue-Lan Li, Xing-Yu Zhou, Yu-Dong Liu, Ping-Ping Guo, De-Sheng Ye, Xin Chen, Shi-Ling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence, management, and outcomes of monozygotic twin (MZT) pregnancy conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of clinical pregnancies after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and introcytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer (ICSI-ET) from January, 2010 to June 2015 at our center. We investigated the incidence, managements and outcomes of 94 MZT pregnancies...
November 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Dong-Hyuk Jeong, Jeong-Jin Yang, Seong-Hoon Seok, Dong-Joo Song, Seong-Chan Yeon
The objective of this study was to determine the dose-dependent effects of isoflurane on various cardiovascular parameters and the stable range of isoflurane concentrations in Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus). Seven Asiatic black bears were intramuscularly injected with medetomidine, zolazepam, and tiletamine (MZT) to induce anesthesia and anesthesia was maintained by administering isoflurane in 100% oxygen (4 l/min) without mechanical ventilation. Several cardiovascular parameters were measured at five end-tidal isoflurane concentrations (0...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Yue Zhang, Wei Li, Yongshun Ma, Dian Wang, Xiaoxue Zhao, Changjun Zeng, Ming Zhang, Xianyin Zeng, Qinggang Meng, Guangbin Zhou
The study was aimed to investigate the effect of melatonin on the development potential of mouse MII oocytes after cryopreservation. Mouse MII oocytes were subjected first to vitrification/warming and 2 h of in vitro culture (phase 1), then to parthenogenetic activation (PA) followed by in vitro culture of parthenogenetic embryos (phase 2). Different concentrations of melatonin (0, 10(-9), 10(-6) mol/L) were added to the medium during either phase 1, phase 2 or both phases. The fresh oocytes were used as control...
October 8, 2016: Cryobiology
I Mateizel, S Santos-Ribeiro, E Done, L Van Landuyt, H Van de Velde, H Tournaye, G Verheyen
STUDY QUESTION: Does the manipulation of gametes or embryos during ARTs increase the risk for monozygotic twinning (MZT)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Frozen embryo transfer (ET) is associated with a lower MZT rate, while blastocyst culture is associated with an increased risk of monozygotic pregnancy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Monozygotic twins have a higher risk for perinatal complications. Although an increased incidence of monozygotic pregnancies after ART has been previously reported, data regarding the possible impact of different laboratory procedures are conflicting...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
John Arne Dahl, Inkyung Jung, Håvard Aanes, Gareth D Greggains, Adeel Manaf, Mads Lerdrup, Guoqiang Li, Samantha Kuan, Bin Li, Ah Young Lee, Sebastian Preissl, Ingunn Jermstad, Mads Haugland Haugen, Rajikala Suganthan, Magnar Bjørås, Klaus Hansen, Knut Tomas Dalen, Peter Fedorcsak, Bing Ren, Arne Klungland
Maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is essential for the formation of a new individual, but is still poorly understood despite recent progress in analysis of gene expression and DNA methylation in early embryogenesis. Dynamic histone modifications may have important roles in MZT, but direct measurements of chromatin states have been hindered by technical difficulties in profiling histone modifications from small quantities of cells. Recent improvements allow for 500 cell-equivalents of chromatin per reaction, but require 10,000 cells for initial steps or require a highly specialized microfluidics device that is not readily available...
September 14, 2016: Nature
Ying-Hsin Chen, Jeff Coller
Precise elimination of maternal mRNAs plays a critical role during the maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) to promote developmental processing. Two new studies demonstrate that, in eukaryotes, codon-mediated decay is a conserved mechanism to shape maternal mRNA stability by affecting deadenylation rate in a translation-dependent manner. These studies add to a growing body of literature suggesting that translational elongation rates are a major determinant of mRNA stability.
November 2016: Trends in Genetics: TIG
Hua Luo, Xiao Li, Julie M Claycomb, Howard D Lipshitz
Metazoan embryos undergo a maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) during which maternal gene products are eliminated and the zygotic genome becomes transcriptionally active. During this process RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) and the microRNA-induced silencing complex (miRISC) target maternal mRNAs for degradation. In Drosophila, the Smaug (SMG), Brain tumor (BRAT) and Pumilio (PUM) RBPs bind to and direct the degradation of largely distinct subsets of maternal mRNAs. SMG has also been shown to be required for zygotic synthesis of mRNAs and several members of the miR-309 family of microRNAs (miRNAs) during the MZT...
September 2, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Vasiliy O Sysoev, Bernd Fischer, Christian K Frese, Ishaan Gupta, Jeroen Krijgsveld, Matthias W Hentze, Alfredo Castello, Anne Ephrussi
The maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is a process that occurs in animal embryos at the earliest developmental stages, during which maternally deposited mRNAs and other molecules are degraded and replaced by products of the zygotic genome. The zygotic genome is not activated immediately upon fertilization, and in the pre-MZT embryo post-transcriptional control by RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) orchestrates the first steps of development. To identify relevant Drosophila RBPs organism-wide, we refined the RNA interactome capture method for comparative analysis of the pre- and post-MZT embryos...
2016: Nature Communications
Yasmine A Mota, Caroline Cotes, Rodrigo F Carvalho, João P B Machado, Fabíola P P Leite, Rodrigo O A Souza, Mutlu Özcan
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the influence of two aging procedures on the biaxial flexural strength of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia ceramics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Disc-shaped zirconia specimens and (ZE: E.max ZirCAD, Ivoclar; ZT: Zirkon Translucent, Zirkonzahn) (N = 80) (∅:12 mm; thickness:1.2 mm, ISO 6872) were prepared and randomly divided into four groups (n = 10 per group) according to the aging procedures: C: Control, no aging; M: mechanical cycling (2 × 10(6) cycles/3...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Zhaoxia Du, Xueran Chen, Xian Li, Kun He, Shufang Ji, Wei Shi, Aijun Hao
Upon fertilization, maternal factors direct development and trigger zygotic genome activation at the maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT). However, the factors that activate the zygotic program in vertebrates are not well defined. Here, we found that protein palmitoylation played an important role in acquiring transcriptional competency and orchestrating the clearance of the maternal program in zebrafish. After inhibition of protein palmitoylation, zebrafish embryos developed normally before the Mid-Blastula Transition (MBT); however, they did not initiate epiboly...
June 24, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Hans-Hermann Wessels, Koshi Imami, Alexander G Baltz, Marcin Kolinski, Anastasia Beldovskaya, Matthias Selbach, Stephen Small, Uwe Ohler, Markus Landthaler
Early embryogenesis is characterized by the maternal to zygotic transition (MZT), in which maternally deposited messenger RNAs are degraded while zygotic transcription begins. Before the MZT, post-transcriptional gene regulation by RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) is the dominant force in embryo patterning. We used two mRNA interactome capture methods to identify RBPs bound to polyadenylated transcripts within the first 2 h of Drosophila melanogaster embryogenesis. We identified a high-confidence set of 476 putative RBPs and confirmed RNA-binding activities for most of 24 tested candidates...
July 2016: Genome Research
Chao Yu, Shu-Yan Ji, Qian-Qian Sha, Yujiao Dang, Jian-Jie Zhou, Yin-Li Zhang, Yang Liu, Zhong-Wei Wang, Boqiang Hu, Qing-Yuan Sun, Shao-Chen Sun, Fuchou Tang, Heng-Yu Fan
The mRNAs stored in oocytes undergo general decay during the maternal-zygotic transition (MZT), and their stability is tightly interconnected with meiotic cell-cycle progression. However, the factors that trigger decay of maternal mRNA and couple this event to oocyte meiotic maturation remain elusive. Here, we identified B-cell translocation gene-4 (BTG4) as an MZT licensing factor in mice. BTG4 bridged CNOT7, a catalytic subunit of the CCR4-NOT deadenylase, to eIF4E, a key translation initiation factor, and facilitated decay of maternal mRNA...
May 2016: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Valentina Sotiroska, Zorancho Petanovski, Gligor Dimitrov, Makjuli Hadji-Lega, Damjan Shushleski, Stefan Saltirovski, Vladimir Matevski, Simona Shenbakar, Sasho Panov, Lars Johansson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the reproductive outcomes between the transfer of cleavage-stage embryos and blastocysts in two different age groups of patients. The reproductive capacity of women decreases by age. This decrease in capacity is directly related to a lower ovarian reserve and errors in the meiotic spindle of the oocyte, which increase chromosomal abnormalities and the formation of aneuploidy embryos with lower chances of implantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1400 intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles were analyzed...
December 2015: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Zheng Yan, Hongxing Liang, Li Deng, Hui Long, Hong Chen, Weiran Chai, Lun Suo, Chen Xu, Yanping Kuang, Lingqian Wu, Shengsheng Lu, Qifeng Lyu
Increased risk of monozygotic twinning (MZT) has been shown to be associated with assisted reproduction techniques, particularly blastocyst culture. Interestingly, inner cell mass (ICM) splitting in human '8'-shaped hatching blastocysts that resulted in MZT was reported. However, the underlying cause of MZT is not known. In this study, we investigated in a mouse model whether in vitro culture leads to ICM splitting and its association with hatching types. Blastocyst hatching was observed in: (i) in vivo developed blastocysts and (ii-iii) in vitro cultured blastocysts following in vivo or in vitro fertilization...
2015: PloS One
Lijing Mo, Congcong Jin, Yonggen Wu, Peiyu Wang, Jia Lin, Junzhao Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To analysis the incidence and management of monozygotic twin (MZT) conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of clinical pregnancies and MZT that resulted from ART was performed in Reproductive Medical Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University between January 2011 and January 2014. RESULTS: A total of 5 908 pregnancies were diagnosed: 2 012 twins, 157 high-order multiple pregnancy (HOMP), including 4 quadruplets...
August 2015: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Peng Yu, Xiaojing Zhu, Xiaolan Wang, Shuangying Wang, Weiping Li, Guoxin Tan, Yu Zhang, Chengyun Ning
Rapid and effective bone mineralization at the bone/implant interface is required for successful orthopedic and dental implants. In this study, two periodic microscale functionalized zones on titanium (MZT) are created, namely, nanoneedle zones and buffer zones. The aim of this design is to provide spatially regulated topographical cues on titanium to enhance the efficacy of bone regeneration. This goal is achieved using a versatile and effective technique in which nanoneedle structures are hydrothermally constructed on the surface of titanium sheets, after which selective laser irradiation is used to construct buffer zones...
February 4, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Denis A Vaughan, Robin Ruthazer, Alan S Penzias, Errol R Norwitz, Denny Sakkas
PURPOSE: The aim of this analysis was to study whether monozygotic twinning (MZT) events occur in clusters after IVF and, if so, to explore possible explanations for this clustering. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study carried out in a single, large university-affiliated reproductive medicine practice. Medical records of all patients who had undergone fresh IVF cycles, resulting in a viable clinical pregnancy, from Jan 2002 to Dec 2013 were reviewed. The incidence of MZT in 6-month intervals and the association with independent risk factors such as maternal age, extended embryo culture, PGD/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)/assisted hatching performed were analyzed...
January 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Peng Zhao, Meng-Xiang Sun
Fertilization marks the turnover from the gametophyte to sporophyte generation in higher plants. After fertilization, sporophytic development undergoes genetic turnover from maternal to zygotic control: the maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT). The MZT is thought to be critical for early embryogenesis; however, little is known about the time course or developmental impact of the MZT in higher plants. Here, we discuss what is known in the field and focus on techniques used in relevant studies and their limitations...
2015: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
Célia Baroux, Ueli Grossniklaus
The maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) defines a developmental phase during which the embryo progressively emancipates itself from a developmental control relying largely on maternal information. The MZT is a functional readout of two processes: the clearance of maternally derived information and the de novo expression of the inherited, parental alleles enabled by zygotic genome activation (ZGA). In plants, for many years the debate about whether the MZT exists at all focused on the ZGA alone. However, several recent studies provide evidence for a progressive alleviation of the maternal control over embryogenesis that is correlated with a gradual ZGA, a process that is itself maternally controlled...
2015: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
Valeria Yartseva, Antonio J Giraldez
Cellular transitions occur at all stages of organismal life from conception to adult regeneration. Changing cellular state involves three main features: activating gene expression necessary to install the new cellular state, modifying the chromatin status to stabilize the new gene expression program, and removing existing gene products to clear out the previous cellular program. The maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is one of the most profound changes in the life of an organism. It involves gene expression remodeling at all levels, including the active clearance of the maternal oocyte program to adopt the embryonic totipotency...
2015: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
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