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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786596/-coexistence-of-asthma-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-review-of-the-literature
#1
Magdalena Pawelec-Winiarz, Anna Brzecka
Both asthma and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome are frequent diseases and their coexistence may implicate important consequences. The incidence of OSA syndrome among the patients with asthma is higher than in the general population, especially in the patients with nocturnal symptoms persisting despite treatment, in patients frequently admitted to hospital because of the exacerbations of asthma, and in obese patients. The causes of frequent coexistence of asthma and OSA syndrome are not fully elucidated...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785091/health-related-quality-of-life-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-different-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Kresimir Gabric, Andrija Matetic, Marino Vilovic, Tina Ticinovic Kurir, Doris Rusic, Tea Galic, Ivana Jonjic, Josko Bozic
Purpose: Our study primarily aimed to investigate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with different risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients and methods: This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study included 466 adult patients with T2DM on regular visit to Center for Diabetes of University Hospital of Split from April to September 2017. All subjects underwent detailed anamnestical evaluation and physical examination with anthropometric measurements...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785058/effects-of-maternal-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-fetal-growth-a-case-control-study
#3
Anna W Kneitel, Marjorie C Treadwell, Louise M O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maternal obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with changes in fetal growth trajectory. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of pregnant women who underwent overnight polysomnography. Fetal growth was estimated using sonographic biometric measurements obtained during routine prenatal care. Customized estimated fetal weight and birth weight centiles were calculated and impaired fetal growth was defined as birth weight <10th centile or a slowing of fetal growth by >33% during the last trimester...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784265/don-t-ignore-my-snore-reducing-perioperative-complications-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Ludy P Lemus, Betty McMullin, Honorata Balinowski
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition associated with decreased muscle tone in the airway, has been linked to postoperative complications. The purpose of the initiative was to develop and implement a guideline for patients identified as high-risk for OSA to reduce complications related to OSA. DESIGN: A multidisciplinary team developed the guideline utilizing the Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice to Promote Quality Care. METHODS: PubMed literature search from 2006-2013 and critique of over 40 articles were completed...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784264/stop-bang-assessment-and-postoperative-outcomes
#5
Cody D Legler
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common cause of intraoperative and postoperative complications in the surgical setting. DESIGN: Retrospective chart analysis. METHODS: Complete review of 150 patient charts over a 3-month period. FINDING: Findings indicated that of the 150 charts reviewed, 87 (58%) screened high (STOP-Bang score of 3 or greater) for OSA. Patients at a high risk for OSA preoperatively had a higher rate of postoperative complications compared with patients at low risk (79...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783273/clinical-and-genetic-features-of-congenital-myasthenic-syndromes-due-to-chat-mutations-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Pinar Arican, Pinar Gencpinar, Dilek Cavusoglu, Nihal Olgac Dundar
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are neuromuscular transmission disorders caused by mutations in genes encoding neuromuscular junction proteins. CMS due to choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) gene is characterized by episodic apnea. We report a case of a 12-month-old female patient presented with recurrent episodic apnea carrying a mutation in CHAT gene, p.I336T. Furthermore, we describe the genetic and clinical findings in 44 CMS patients due to CHAT mutations in the literature up to date. Episodes of apnea and respiratory insufficiency are the hallmarks of CHAT mutations...
May 21, 2018: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783161/candidate-gene-analysis-in-the-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-epidemiologic-sleep-study-episono-shows-an-association-of-variant-in-pde4d-and-sleepiness
#7
Victoria M Pak, Diego R Mazzotti, Brendan T Keenan, Camila Hirotsu, Philip Gehrman, Lia Bittencourt, Allan I Pack, Sergio Tufik
INTRODUCTION: Sleepiness and cardiovascular disease share common molecular pathways; thus, genetic risk factors for sleepiness may also predict cardiovascular disease risk. This study explored the associations between subjective sleepiness and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes within oxidative stress, inflammatory, and neuronal pathways, which may contribute to sleepiness and downstream cardiovascular disease risk: Cytochrome B-245, Alpha Polypeptide (CYBA), Cytochrome B-245, Beta Polypeptide (CYBB), Neutrophil Cytosolic Factor (NCF2), Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNFA), and Phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D)...
January 12, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783029/comparison-of-stanford-b-aortic-dissection-patients-who-received-tevar-combined-with-or-without-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#8
Xin Li, Wenwu Cai, Ping Zhang, Kun Fang, Jieting Zhu, Chang Shu
BACKGROUND: Patients with Stanford B aortic dissection usually complicated with sleep apnea syndrome. This condition always threatens the patients' respiration situation. In this study, we collected and analysis data of patients' peri-operative managements of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) for Stanford B Aortic Dissection (AD) complicated with Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS). Comparison has been made between these SAS patients and those who without SAS. METHODS: Between June 2013 and June 2014, the clinical data and outcomes of the Stanford B AD patients in the department of vascular surgery in the Second Xiangya Hospital were retrospectively reviewed and studied...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782340/fatal-airway-obstruction-in-a-man-with-a-cystic-hygroma
#9
Cassandra Maria Wygant, Stephen D Cohle
We describe a 24-year-old man with a cystic hygroma of the left side of the lower neck that led to sudden death. Cystic hygroma (cystic lymphangioma) is a congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. The patient, who had a tracheostomy because of airway obstruction from the cystic hygroma, was found dead with his tracheostomy tube on the floor next to him. Complications of cystic hygroma include infiltration of the neck causing airway obstruction, dysphagia, pain, and obstructive sleep apnea.
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782319/the-relationship-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Andreia Andrade, Omonigho M Bubu, Andrew W Varga, Ricardo S Osorio
 Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are highly prevalent conditions with growing impact on our aging society. While the causes of OSA are now better characterized, the mechanisms underlying AD are still largely unknown, challenging the development of effective treatments. Cognitive impairment, especially affecting attention and executive functions, is a recognized clinical consequence of OSA. A deeper contribution of OSA to AD pathogenesis is now gaining support from several lines of research...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782200/impact-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-the-development-of-class-ii-hyperdivergent-patients-receiving-orthodontic-treatment-a-pilot-study
#11
Tingting Zhao, Peter Ngan, Fang Hua, Jie Zheng, Shunquan Zhou, Man Zhang, Hui Xiong, Hong He
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a pilot study to determine if the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) influences the orthodontic treatment outcome of Class II hyperdivergent patients receiving comprehensive orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients between the ages of 12 and 14 who received orthodontic treatment at the Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, China, were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: the OSA group and the control group, based on the outcome of pretreatment polysomnography findings and lateral cephalometric radiograph examination...
May 22, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782141/in-situ-assembly-of-well-dispersed-ag-nanoparticles-throughout-electrospun-alginate-nanofibers-for-monitoring-human-breath-smart-fabrics
#12
Jun Zhang, Xiao-Xiong Wang, Bin Zhang, Seeram Ramakrishna, Miao Yu, Jian-Wei Ma, Yun-Ze Long
Alginate nanofibers assembled with sliver nanoparticles throughout the whole nanofiber were fabricated by three steps including electrospinning of Na-alginate nanofibers, ion exchange between the sodium and silver ions, and in situ reduction of silver nanoparticles. The content, distribution and size of the nanoparticles are controllable by tuning reaction conditions. Ag/alginate nanofibers exhibit good humidity sensitivity in a wide humidity range from ambient RH (20%) to 85% RH. Interestingly, these humidity sensors can be attached to a 3M-9001V mask for monitoring human breath during exercise and emotion changes, and this smart exhibits accurate and continuous human-breath tracking no matter how fast or slow as well as how deep or shallow...
May 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781044/sleeve-gastrectomy-in-morbidly-obese-hiv-patients-focus-on-anti-retroviral-treatment-absorption-after-surgery
#13
Chloé Amouyal, Marion Buyse, Lea Lucas-Martini, Déborah Hirt, Laurent Genser, Adriana Torcivia, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Jean-Michel Oppert, Judith Aron-Wisnewsky
CONTEXT: Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) dramatically reduced AIDS development, thus enabling patients to live as long as the general population. New challenges have emerged particularly cardiometabolic diseases and weight gain, with some HIV patients seeking bariatric surgery (BS). However, BS outcomes during HIV remain poorly described, with scarce data on ART pharmacokinetic post-BS. OBJECTIVE: Describing sleeve gastrectomy (SG) results in HIV patients in terms of ART pharmacokinetic, HIV control, weight loss, and metabolic outcomes...
May 20, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780225/sleep-and-psychiatric-abnormalities-in-gullian-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#14
Wafik Said Bahnasy, Yasser Abo Elfotoh El-Heneedy, Ahmed Mohamed El-Shamy, Marwa Yassin Badr, Reham Ahmed Amer, Ibrahim Salah Eldeen Ibrahim
Background: The sensori-motor manifestations of Guillain Barré Syndrome (GBS) are usually severe enough to mask the psychiatric and sleep problems which are in need for more attention for better functional outcome. Methods: This study was performed on 20 GBS patients and 10 healthy controls. Patients were evaluated initially before immunotherapy using the Overall Disability Sum Score (ODSS), Neuropathy Pain Scale (NPS), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAS), Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and one-night polysomnography (PSG) followed by the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) to evaluate the mean sleep latencies...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779616/sleep-apnea-and-sleep-disordered-breathing
#15
REVIEW
Jiahui Lin, Maria Suurna
Older adults undergo gradual changes in their sleep patterns. It is important to differentiate normal age-related sleep changes from sleep disorders. Because sleep disorders can impact an older adult's day-to-day life and contribute to various comorbidities, these patients should be carefully screened by using a detailed medical history, combined with a detailed sleep history. There is a high prevalence of undiagnosed and untreated sleep apnea in the elderly. Early identification and appropriate management of this disorder may not only provide improvement in quality of life but also decrease disease-associated morbidity and mortality...
May 17, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779142/arousal-index-as-a-marker-of-carotid-artery-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#16
Mayumi Suzuki, Ken Shimamoto, Haruki Sekiguchi, Takamitsu Harada, Natsumi Satoya, Yuji Inoue, Kazuhiro Yamaguchi, Masatoshi Kawana
PURPOSE: It was shown in a previous cohort study that men with internal carotid artery (ICA) plaque, defined as focal wall thickness of ≥ 1.5 mm, had a threefold higher risk of stroke than those without plaque. We examined the relationship between arousal indices and sleep stages in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS: Carotid atherosclerosis severity was evaluated using the maximal carotid wall intima-media thickness of the ICA (ICA-maxIMT) and plaque in 83 patients with OSAS...
May 19, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779139/insomnia-short-sleep-duration-and-high-blood-pressure-recent-evidence-and-future-directions-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#17
REVIEW
Christina J Bathgate, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize research from the past 2 years on the association between insomnia, short sleep duration, and hypertension and provide a critical analysis of the evidence and suggestions for future directions in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence indicates that the association between insomnia and elevated blood pressure (BP) or stage 1 and 2 hypertension is stronger in those with chronic insomnia, as compared to those with isolated insomnia symptoms, and primarily found in those with the insomnia with objective short sleep duration phenotype...
May 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778650/obesity-surgery-makes-patients-healthier-and-more-functional-real-world-results-from-the-united-kingdom-national-bariatric-surgery-registry
#18
Alexander Dimitri Miras, Kamocka Anna, Patel Darshan, Dexter Simon, Finlay Ian, Hopkins C James, Khan Omar, Reddy Marcus, Sedman Peter, Small Peter, Somers Shaw, Suzie Cro, Walton Peter, le Roux Carel W, Welbourn Richard
BACKGROUND: The National Bariatric Surgery Registry (NBSR) is the largest bespoke database in the field in the United Kingdom. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to analyze the NBSR to determine whether the effects of obesity surgery on associated co-morbidities observed in small, randomized controlled clinical trials could be replicated in a "real life" setting within U.K. healthcare. SETTING: United Kingdom. METHODS: All NBSR entries for operations between 2000 and 2015 with associated demographic and co-morbidity data were analyzed retrospectively...
February 15, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777431/modified-anterior-palatoplasty-and-double-suspension-sutures-with-or-without-tonsillectomy-in-selected-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-preliminary-report
#19
Sherif M Askar, Mohammad W El-Anwar, Ali Awad
BACKGROUND: Retropalatal region might be considered the most common site of obstruction in patients with snoring and OSA. We aimed at presentation of two combined techniques: modified anterior palatoplasty (MAP) and bilateral double suspension suture (DSS). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on OSA patients with retro-palatal collapse only that was confirmed by nasoendoscopy during Muller's maneuver and drug induced sleep endoscopy. MAP and DSS were performed for all patients...
May 18, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777388/a-retrospective-study-of-opioid-prescribing-patterns-at-hospital-discharge-in-surgical-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
Samir M Kendale, Jing Wang, Jeanna D Blitz, Steven Calvino, Germaine Cuff, Nicholas Barone, Andrew D Rosenberg, Lisa Doan
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for complications with postoperative opioid use, and in those patients with known or suspected OSA, minimization of postoperative opioids is recommended. We hypothesize that despite these recommendations, surgical patients with known or suspected OSA are prescribed postoperative opioids at hospital discharge at similar doses to those without OSA. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the electronic health records of surgical patients from 1 November 2016 to 30 April 2017 at a single academic institution...
May 18, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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