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Scapular evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878373/reconstruction-with-constrained-scapular-prosthesis-after-total-scapulectomy-for-scapular-malignant-tumor
#1
Baichuan Wang, Qiang Wu, Zhicai Zhang, Jianxiang Liu, Zengwu Shao
BACKGROUND: Surgical reconstruction after total scapulectomy presents a great challenge. Currently, the constrained scapular prosthesis reconstruction is considered as the most effective and promising method. However, the mid- to long-term functional outcomes and complications of this procedure are unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed eight patients with scapular malignant tumors treated by total scapulectomy and constrained scapular prosthesis reconstruction between 2011 and 2013...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874278/age-related-changes-in-upper-limb-motion-during-typical-development
#2
Cristina Simon-Martinez, Gabriela Lopes Dos Santos, Ellen Jaspers, Ruth Vanderschueren, Lisa Mailleux, Katrijn Klingels, Els Ortibus, Kaat Desloovere, Hilde Feys
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Understanding the maturation of upper limb (UL) movement characteristics in typically developing (TD) children is key to explore UL deficits in those with neurodevelopmental disorders. Three-dimensional motion analysis (3DMA) offers a reliable tool to comprehensively evaluate UL motion. However, studies thus far mainly focused on specific pre-defined parameters extracted from kinematic waveforms. Here, we investigated age-related differences in UL movement characteristics over the entire movement cycle in TD children...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865029/comparison-of-grip-and-pinch-strength-in-young-women-with-and-without-hyperkyphosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad, Farahnaz Ghaffarinejad, Mahbubeh Hemati, Narges Jamshidi
BACKGROUND: Hyperkyphosis is a common postural defect with high prevalence in the 20 to 50 year old population. It appears to compromise proximal scapular stability. Grip and pinch strength are used to evaluate general upper extremity function. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare pinch and grip strength between young women with and without hyperkyphosis. METHODS: Thirty young women (18-40 years old) with hyperkyphosis and 30 healthy women matched for age and body mass index participated in the study...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809085/reliability-of-clinical-assessment-methods-to-measure-scapular-upward-rotation-a-critically-appraised-topic
#4
Oliver Silverson, Nicole Cascia, Carolyn M Hettrich, Matt Hoch, Tim Uhl
Clinical Scenario: Assessing movement of the scapula is an important component in the evaluation and treatment of the shoulder complex. Currently, gold-standard methods to quantify scapular movement include invasive technique, radiation, and 3-Dimensional motion systems. This critically appraised topic (CAT) focuses on several clinical assessment methods of quantifying scapular upward rotation with respect to their reliability and clinical utility. CLINICAL QUESTION: Is there evidence for non-invasive methods that reliably assess clinical measures of scapular upward rotation in subjects with or without shoulder pathologies? Summary of Key Findings: Four studies were selected to be critically appraised...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808730/ring-versus-non-ring-plate-for-the-treatment-of-displaced-scapular-body-fractures-a-retrospective-study-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-5-years
#5
Zheng Yuan, Fan Zhang, Guanzhao Liang, Xianshang Zeng, Dan Liu, Chen Yang, Weiguang Yu, Qiang Zhang, Xinchao Zhang
Objective To compare surgical complications and functional outcomes of the ring plate versus the non-ring plate approach to the surgical repair of scapular body fractures (SBFs; AO/OTA classification: 14-A2.2). Methods This retrospective study reviewed data from adults with SBFs who underwent a modified Judet approach combined with non-ring or ring plates between November 2006 and June 2013. The primary outcomes were the Constant and Murley score and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793122/intra-and-interrater-reliability-of-the-lumbar-locked-thoracic-rotation-test-in-competitive-swimmers-ages-10-through-18-years
#6
Stef Feijen, Kevin Kuppens, Angela Tate, Isabel Baert, Thomas Struyf, Filip Struyf
OBJECTIVES: Measuring thoracic spine mobility can be of interest to competitive swimmers as it has been associated with shoulder girdle function and scapular position in subjects with and without shoulder pain. At present, no reliability data of thoracic spine mobility measurements are available in the swimming population. This study aims to evaluate the within-session intra- and interrater reliability of the "lumbar-locked rotation test" for thoracic spine rotation in competitive swimmers aged 10 to 18 years...
April 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730136/a-simple-method-to-directly-evaluate-the-lateral-extension-of-the-acromion-an-anatomic-study-of-128-cadaveric-scapulae
#7
Trifon Totlis, Anirudh K Gowd, Eamon D Bernardoni, Brian J Cole, Nikhil N Verma, Konstantinos Natsis
BACKGROUND: The lateral extension of the acromion from the glenohumeral joint is the critical variable that both the acromial index and critical shoulder angle reflect. The purpose of this study was to establish a simple and reproducible method to directly measure the lateral extension of the acromion that will be independent of patient demographic characteristics, scapular rotation, or other morphologic features of the shoulder. METHODS: This study used 128 unpaired cadaveric scapulae with a mean age of 69...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628010/initial-electromyography-fails-to-predict-long-term-outcome-of-isolated-serratus-palsy
#8
M Vastamäki, H Vastamäki, V Pikkarainen, L Ristolainen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The course of isolated serratus palsy is difficult to predict, especially if, in initial electromyographic examination, long thoracic nerve function is totally absent. How initial electromyography correlates with long-term outcome of isolated serratus palsy is unknown. We evaluated initial electromyographic examinations of isolated serratus palsy patients and compared these to their long-term outcome. We hypothesized that long-term outcome after electromyographic examination-verified partial nerve injuries is better than that seen in cases of total nerve injuries...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594176/scapular-dyskinesis-in-young-asymptomatic-elite-swimmers
#9
Jacopo Preziosi Standoli, Francesco Fratalocchi, Vittorio Candela, Tiziano Preziosi Standoli, Giuseppe Giannicola, Marco Bonifazi, Stefano Gumina
Background: Overhead athletes are at a greater risk of developing scapular dyskinesis (SD). Although swimming is considered an overhead sport, information regarding SD in these athletes is scarce. Purpose: To determine the prevalence of SD in young, asymptomatic elite swimmers. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 661 asymptomatic elite swimmers were enrolled in this study (344 male, 317 female; mean age, 15...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589501/glenoid-osteotomy-for-atraumatic-posteroinferior-shoulder-instability-associated-with-glenoid-dysplasia
#10
H Inui, K Nobuhara
Aims We report the clinical results of glenoid osteotomy in patients with atraumatic posteroinferior instability associated with glenoid dysplasia. Patients and Methods The study reports results in 211 patients (249 shoulders) with atraumatic posteroinferior instability. The patients comprised 63 men and 148 women with a mean age of 20 years. The posteroinferior glenoid surface was elevated by osteotomy at the scapular neck. A body spica was applied to maintain the arm perpendicular to the glenoid for two weeks postoperatively...
March 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569944/shoulder-taping-and-neuromuscular-control
#11
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Scott F Farrell, Henry Tsao, Peter G Osmotherly, Darren A Rivett, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun
CONTEXT:   Scapular taping can offer clinical benefit to some patients with shoulder pain; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Understanding these mechanisms may guide the development of treatment strategies for managing neuromusculoskeletal shoulder conditions. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the mechanisms underpinning the benefits of scapular taping. DESIGN:   Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING:   University laboratory...
April 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535573/the-effects-of-double-oscillation-exercise-combined-with-elastic-band-exercise-on-scapular-stabilizing-muscle-strength-and-thickness-in-healthy-young-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#12
Jieun Cho, Kyeongbong Lee, Minkyu Kim, Joohee Hahn, Wanhee Lee
This study aimed to investigate the effect of double oscillation exercise combined with elastic band exercise on the strength and thickness ratio of the scapular stabilizing muscles in healthy young individuals. A total of 30 subjects (17 male, 13 female) were randomly assigned to an elastic band exercise group (EBG) (n = 15) or an elastic band plus double oscillation exercise group (EB-DOG) (n = 15). A total of 28 subjects completed the experiment and evaluation. Patients in the EBG performed the elastic band exercise for shoulder flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, horizontal abduction/adduction, and internal/external rotation for 30 minutes/session, five times/week, for four weeks...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523911/a-new-anatomical-insight-into-the-aetiology-of-lateral-trunk-of-suprascapular-nerve-neuropathy-isolated-infraspinatus-atrophy
#13
Anna Fabis-Strobin, Miroslaw Topol, Jaroslaw Fabis, Kryspin Niedzielski, Michal Podgorski, Lukasz Strobin, Michal Polguj
INTRODUCTION: Although the pathomechanism of isolated infraspinatus atrophy (ISA) in throwing sports is known to be traction, it is unclear why only some players are affected. One likely explanation is that the infraspinatus pulling force exerted by its contracture generate the compressive resultant component force (Fn) compressing the lateral trunk of the suprascapular nerve (LTSN) against the edge of scapular spine. This paper makes two key assumptions (1) the course of LTSN in relation to the scapular spine, defined as the suprascapular-scapular spine angle (SSSA) is the key individual anatomical feature influencing the Fn magnitude, and thus potentially ISA development (2) SSSA is correlated with scapular notch type...
March 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509523/electrophysiology-of-muscle-fatigue-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-on-manikin-model
#14
Carlos Cobo-Vázquez, Gemma De Blas, Pablo García-Canas, María Del Carmen Gasco-García
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation requires the provider to adopt positions that could be dangerous for his or her spine, specifically affecting the muscles and ligaments in the lumbar zone and the scapular spinal muscles. Increased fatigue caused by muscular activity during the resuscitation could produce a loss of quality and efficacy, resulting in compromising resuscitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the maximum time a rescuer can perform uninterrupted chest compressions correctly without muscle fatigue...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501288/the-effect-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-the-position-of-head-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-and-scapular-girdle-of-mouth-breathing-children
#15
Patricia Dayrell Neiva, Letícia Paiva Franco, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Helena Gonçalves Becker
The clinical decision for surgical treatment of children diagnosed with mouth breathing depends on the percentage of mechanical obstruction correlated with exacerbation of upper respiratory tract infections and systemic changes. The benefits of adenotonsillectomy include changes in the nasopharyngeal space, the mandibular plane and myofunctional alterations. Post-adenotonsilectomy postural benefits have not yet been described. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the kinematics of the shoulder girdle, cervical and thoracic spine in children with mouth breathing before and after adenotonsillectomy...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499481/shoulder-mechanical-demands-of-slow-underwater-exercises-in-the-scapular-plane
#16
Jessy Lauer, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Hélène Rouard
BACKGROUND: The mechanical demands of underwater shoulder exercises have only been assessed indirectly via electromyographical measurements. Yet, this is insufficient to understand all the clinical implications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate musculoskeletal system loading during slow (30°/s) scapular plane arm elevation and lowering performed in two media (air vs water) and body positions (sitting vs supine). METHODS: Eighteen participants' upper bodies were scanned and virtually animated within unsteady numerical fluid flow simulations to compute hydrodynamic forces...
March 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492611/what-is-the-best-glenoid-configuration-in-onlay-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#17
Alexandre Lädermann, Patrick J Denard, Pascal Boileau, Alain Farron, Pierric Deransart, Gilles Walch
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of different glenoid configurations on arm position and range of motion (ROM) following reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). The hypothesis was that different glenoid configurations would lead to changes in humeral offset, acromio-humeral distance (AHD), ROM, and rotator cuff muscle length. METHODS: Using a three-dimensional (3D) computer model, implantation of an RSA was simulated with a 145° onlay humeral stem combined with five different glenoid configurations which varied in diameter and centre of rotation...
February 28, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485311/economic-significance-of-tropical-theileriosis-on-a-holstein-friesian-dairy-farm-in-pakistan
#18
Muhammad Rashid, Akbar Haroon, Muhmmad Imran Rashid, Saeed Khalid, Ahmad Liaquat, Abdullah Saghir, Shehzad Wasim, Islam Saher, Farooqi Shahid
The dairy industry in Pakistan is booming and investors are anxious to fund dairy farms that are using high milk producing (exotic) cattle breeds such as Holsteins that are not native to the country. Unfortunately, the benefits of increased milk production do not provide resistance to pathogens present in regions where the exotic breeds are introduced. Therefore, the current study was conducted to evaluate the economic impact of Theileria annulata on a commercial Holstein dairy farm in the District of Ranjanpur, in the Province of Punjab, Pakistan...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484249/the-utilization-of-mulligan-concept-thoracic-sustained-natural-apophyseal-glides-on-patients-classified-with-secondary-impingement-syndrome-a-multi-site-case-series
#19
Dawn P Andrews, Kari B Odland-Wolf, James May, Russell Baker, Alan Nasypany
Background and Purpose: Secondary impingement syndrome (SIS) is a common complaint in the sporting population particularly among athletes engaging in overhead activities. While symptoms may be present at the shoulder with patients complaining of SIS, spinal alignment or dysfunction can influence scapular positioning and overall shoulder girdle function. As an adjunct therapy to traditional interventions for SIS, thoracic high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) thrusts have been utilized and correlated with patient reported decreases in pain...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471558/indication-technique-and-long-term-results-after-shoulder-arthrodesis-performed-with-plate-fixation
#20
Ulrich Irlenbusch, Olaf Rott, Lars Irlenbusch
AIM: Arthrodesis of the shoulder joint is a radical event, so it is difficult to explain its significance to patients. It has been the last resort in hopeless cases. Knowledge of long-term results and evaluation of advantages and disadvantages seems to be helpful in this regard. METHODS: Eleven patients with mean age of 45 (31 - 58) years were operated between 2000 and 2013. All patients could be included in the investigation (FU mean 8.5 [3 - 16] years; 8 male and 3 female; right 9, left 2)...
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
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