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Scapular evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204319/reference-standards-to-assess-physical-fitness-of-children-and-adolescents-of-brazil-an-approach-to-the-students-of-the-lake-itaip%C3%A3%C2%BA-region-brazil
#1
Edilson Hobold, Vitor Pires-Lopes, Rossana Gómez-Campos, Miguel de Arruda, Cynthia Lee Andruske, Jaime Pacheco-Carrillo, Marco Antonio Cossio-Bolaños
Background: The importance of assessing body fat variables and physical fitness tests plays an important role in monitoring the level of activity and physical fitness of the general population. The objective of this study was to develop reference norms to evaluate the physical fitness aptitudes of children and adolescents based on age and sex from the lake region of Itaipú, Brazil. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with 5,962 students (2,938 males and 3,024 females) with an age range of 6...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204011/effect-of-scapular-stabilization-exercise-during-standing-on-upper-limb-function-and-gait-ability-of-stroke-patients
#2
J O Kim, J Lee, B H Lee
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of scapular stabilization exercise during standing on a paretic side on upper limb function and gait ability of stroke patients. Methods: This study was a hospital-based, randomized controlled trial with a blinded assessor. A total of 17 patients with hemiplegic diagnosis after stroke were divided into two groups (9 patients in a study group and 8 patients in a control group). The study group received physical therapy and scapular stabilization exercise on a paretic side...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179028/kinematic-analysis-of-scapular-movements-in-patients-with-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy
#3
C Savcun Demirci, E Turgut, E Ayvat, Ö Onursal, F Ayvat, T I Yıldız, I Düzgün, M Kılınç, S Aksu Yıldırım
The purpose of this study is to evaluate scapular movements by the three-dimensional electromagnetic system during shoulder elevation in FSHMD patients, and to compare the results with healthy individuals. 10 patients with FSHMD and 10 healthy individuals were included in the study. Scapular anterior-posterior tilt, upward-downward rotation and internal-external rotation at 30°, 60° and 90° were evaluated using the three-dimensional electromagnetic system during the elevation of the upper limbs in the scapular plane...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163981/a-comparison-of-isometric-isotonic-concentric-and-isotonic-eccentric-exercises-in-the-physiotherapy-management-of-subacromial-pain-syndrome-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Rita Kinsella, Sallie M Cowan, Lyn Watson, Tania Pizzari
Background: Subacromial pain syndrome (SPS) involving rotator cuff tendinopathy is a common cause of shoulder pain and disability. Evidence suggests that structured physiotherapy may be as effective as surgery in this condition with significant improvements demonstrated in trials involving scapular retraining, rotator cuff strengthening and flexibility exercises. Most published programs typically utilise isotonic concentric and/or eccentric strengthening modes. Recently, immediate analgesic effects and muscle strength gains following heavy-load isometric exercises in lower limb tendinopathy conditions have been observed...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141513/alternative-scapular-stabilization-exercises-to-target-strength-endurance-and-function-of-shoulders-in-tetraplegia-a-prospective-non-controlled-intervention-study
#5
Carolina Lins, Alex Castro, Giovanna I S Medina, Eliza R F B M Azevedo, Bruno S Donato, Marina S S Chagas, Janaína Roland Tancredo, Letícia Vargas de Almeida, Alberto Cliquet
OBJECTIVE: Scapular stabilization exercises (SSE) are well-established for the able-bodies. The aim of the current study is to access the potential benefits of SSE on isometric internal and external rotator strength, endurance and function of the shoulder in persons with tetraplegia, throughout a 12-week exercise program consisting of five resisted movements with elastic bands. DESIGN: Prospective non-controlled intervention study. Setting/Participants/Interventions: A convenience sample of 17 subjects (age, 40...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#6
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124855/reconstructive-options-for-large-back-free-flap-donor-sites
#7
Arshia Azizeddin, Peter F M Choong, Damien Grinsell
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of posterior thoracic and trunk defects can prove challenging even to the most seasoned surgeons. Many commonly used techniques for closing back defects include primary closure and split skin grafts. Often times, however, other techniques are needed in order to give the patient the best aesthetic and functional outcome. In this study, we focus on and evaluate donor site closure techniques for defects in the back created by harvesting scapular and parascapular flaps...
November 9, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102312/ultrasonography-study-of-the-suprascapular-nerve
#8
M Faruch Bilfeld, F Lapègue, N Sans, H Chiavassa Gandois, P Laumonerie, A Larbi
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the assessability of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) by ultrasonography in cadavers and healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With ultrasonography guidance, needles were placed at origin of the SSN of four cadavers and evaluated by dissection. Two blinded radiologists performed 60 ultrasonography scans in 30 healthy volunteers to study the entire SSN at five anatomical landmarks. RESULTS: Dissection revealed that the needles were correctly located at the nerve's origin...
October 25, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097948/clinical-evaluation-of-scapular-positioning-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-a-case-control-study
#9
Shohreh Taghizadeh, Soraya Pirouzi, Ladan Hemmati, Fereshteh Khaledi, Aref Sadat
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the position of scapula in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain. Methods: A total of 17 participants with a history of nonspecific chronic low back pain and 17 healthy participants in the same age, sex, and weight range were enrolled in this case-control study. Lateral scapular slide test and Lennie test were used for clinical evaluation of scapular position in the frontal plane using a tape measure...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095655/efficacy-of-a-prevention-program-for-medial-elbow-injuries-in-youth-baseball-players
#10
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Tatsuhiro Suzuki, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball players are at high risk for elbow injuries, which can lead to future functional disability. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention program to lower the risk of medial elbow injury in these athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Youth baseball players, 8 to 11 years old, without a history of elbow and shoulder pain, were allocated to either the intervention (n = 136) or control (n = 169) group...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091536/scapular-kinematics-by-sex-across-elevation-planes
#11
Bryan R Picco, Meghan E Vidt, Clark R Dickerson
Scapular kinematics are important indicators of dyskinesis, often suggesting underlying shoulder pathology, but the influence of sex is unknown. This study's objective was to examine scapular kinematics in healthy males and females. Positions of surface-mounted reflective markers were tracked during arm elevation movements in 0°/30°/40°/60°/90°/120° planes. Scapulothoracic rotations (protraction/retraction, medial/lateral rotation, posterior/anterior tilt) were calculated. ANOVA analysis evaluated main and interaction effects of sex, plane, phase, elevation angle...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069634/comparing-non-invasive-scapular-tracking-methods-across-elevation-angles-planes-of-elevation-and-humeral-axial-rotations
#12
T-J Grewal, A C Cudlip, C R Dickerson
Altered scapular motions premeditate shoulder impingement and other musculoskeletal disorders. Divergent experimental conditions in previous research precludes rigorous comparisons of non-invasive scapular tracking techniques. This study evaluated scapular orientation measurement methods across an expanded range of humeral postures. Scapular medial/lateral rotation, anterior/posterior tilt and protraction/retraction was measured using an acromion marker cluster (AMC), a scapular locator, and a reference stylus...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067535/prebending-of-osteosynthesis-plate-using-3d-printed-models-to-treat-symptomatic-os-acromiale-and-acromial-fracture
#13
Hanne Beliën, Hanne Biesmans, Anny Steenwerckx, Eric Bijnens, Carl Dierickx
BACKGROUND: A symptomatic os acromiale can lead to impingement syndrome and rotator cuff tendinopathy. An acromion fracture is often part of a more complex scapular trauma that needs stabilisation. METHODS: We developed a new technique using a three-dimensional (3D) model and a distal clavicle reconstruction plate to treat os acromiale and acromion fractures. Our hypothesis was that such an approach would be a useful addition to the existing techniques. First, a 3D model of the acromion was printed, then an osteosynthesis plate was pre-bent to fit the exact shape and curve of the acromion...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053545/three-dimensional-deformities-of-nonoperative-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-a-surface-matching-analysis
#14
Satoshi Oki, Noboru Matsumura, Yoshimori Kiriyama, Takuji Iwamoto, Kazuki Sato, Takeo Nagura
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the 3-dimensional deformities of midshaft clavicle fractures, which had been treated nonoperatively, using computed tomography (CT) surface matching. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with unilateral midshaft clavicle fracture, who had been treated nonoperatively, were enrolled and evaluated retrospectively. The 3-dimensional deformity of the fractured clavicle was evaluated by CT surface matching. CT scans of 21 age- and sex-matched patients with initial traumatic shoulder dislocation or proximal humeral fracture were enrolled as a control group, and the differences in 3-dimensional deformities and lengths of the clavicles between the fracture group and the control group were evaluated...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051729/negative-influence-of-motor-impairments-on-upper-limb-movement-patterns-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-a-statistical-parametric-mapping-study
#15
Cristina Simon-Martinez, Ellen Jaspers, Lisa Mailleux, Kaat Desloovere, Jos Vanrenterghem, Els Ortibus, Guy Molenaers, Hilde Feys, Katrijn Klingels
Upper limb three-dimensional movement analysis (UL-3DMA) offers a reliable and valid tool to evaluate movement patterns in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (uCP). However, it remains unknown to what extent the underlying motor impairments explain deviant movement patterns. Such understanding is key to develop efficient rehabilitation programs. Although UL-3DMA has been shown to be a useful tool to assess movement patterns, it results in a multitude of data, challenging the clinical interpretation and consequently its implementation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986684/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-obese-patients-analysis-of-functionality-in-the-medium-term
#16
Alberto Izquierdo-Fernández, José Carlos Minarro, Rocío Carpintero-Lluch, Ester María Estévez-Torres, Pedro Carpintero-Benítez
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an epidemic nowadays and this fact conditions results in orthopaedic surgery. Very few studies evaluates if obesity is a risk factor for reverse shoulder arthroplasty. The aim of this study is to confirm if there are differences with regard to the outcomes in patients undergoing reverse shoulder arthroplasty according to their body mass index (BMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 patients were enrolled in the study. Then divided into subpopulations according to their BMI and analyzed twice...
October 6, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971041/characteristics-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-of-the-infraspinatus-muscle
#17
Junbeom Kwon, Hyoung Seop Kim, Won Hyuk Chang, Chunung Park, Sang Chul Lee
OBJECTIVE: To report the characteristics of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the infraspinatus muscle and evaluate the therapeutic effect of trigger-point injections. METHODS: Medical records of 297 patients (221 women; age, 53.9±11.3 years) with MTrPs in the infraspinatus muscle were reviewed retrospectively. Because there were 83 patients with MTrPs in both infraspinatus muscles, the characteristics of total 380 infraspinatus muscles with MTrPs (214 one side, 83 both sides) were investigated...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967242/clinical-evaluation-of-static-scapular-posture-in-overhead-athletes-with-asymptomatic-shoulder-injuries
#18
Maria Papandreou, Evripidis Diamantis, Vasiliki-Ioanna Vrachlioti, Evdokia Billis, John Gliatis
BACKGROUND: Several etiologic factors have been postulated in overhead athletes according to their shoulder injuries, such as the scapular posture asymmetries. The measurement of the acromion border distance has been considered as reliable clinical test for evaluating the static scapula posture. The aim of this study was to quantify the differences in scapular posture between the dominant and non-dominant shoulders in two static positions in volleyball and swimmers athletes with asymptomatic shoulder injuries using the sliding calliper device...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967240/shoulder-kinematics-and-mobility-adaptations-in-water-polo-players
#19
Elif Turgut, Taha I Yildiz, Serdar Demirci, Leyla Eraslan, Burak Ulusoy, Damla Tok, Gulcan Harput, Dilara Kara, Irem Duzgun, Volga B Tunay, Nevin Ergun
BACKGROUND: There is limited research to demonstrate how scapular kinematics and shoulder-related physical characteristics are affected in water-polo players, who undertake swimming and repetitive throwing activity. The aim of this study was to investigate possible adaptations in the three- dimensional scapular kinematics and in glenohumeral internal rotation, external rotation range of motion and shoulder posterior-capsule tightness in water-polo players. METHODS: Fourteen water-polo players and 14 asymptomatic volunteers participated in the study...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956117/glenoid-morphology-and-the-safe-zone-for-protecting-the-suprascapular-nerve-during-baseplate-fixation-in-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#20
Yuhui Yang, Jianlin Zuo, Tong Liu, Pu Shao, Haihe Wu, Zhongli Gao, Jianlin Xiao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate glenoid morphology and define the safe zone for protecting the suprascapular nerve baseplate screw during baseplate fixation in reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in a Chinese population. METHODS: Shoulder computed tomography (CT) scans from 56 subjects were retrospectively reviewed. Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction was performed using Mimics software, and corresponding bony references were used to evaluate glenoid morphology...
September 27, 2017: International Orthopaedics
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