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geographic emergency medicine practice

Daniel V Runco, Julia F Taylor, Paul R Helft
Adult survivors of pediatric cancers are at substantial risk for infertility. Oncofertility is an emerging field in medicine that has focused on the fertility preservation of these patients. As the field continues to develop, there are several areas in which our practice has improved. However, several ethical concerns still exist involving beneficence, nonmaleficence, informed consent, adolescent assent, and posthumous use of reproductive tissues. Because the field is still developing, great disparities exist in available options depending on age, ability to pay, and geographic location...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Melanie J Lewis, Rose Ellis, Sunil K Adusumilli, Ian Cameron
INTRODUCTION: The New South Wales Rural Resident Medical Officer Cadetship Program began in 1988 as a strategy to increase the numbers of junior doctors in rural hospitals. This article outlines the results of an evaluation undertaken in 2014. Specifically, it will look at where former cadets who entered the program between 1989 and 2010 were working in 2014, what training programs they chose and their attitudes toward the program. METHOD: Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire sent to all the former cadets who entered the program from 1989 until 2010...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
Afsin Emre Kayipmaz, Orcun Ciftci, Cemil Kavalci, Emir Karacaglar, Haldun Muderrisoglu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) management practices of emergency medicine specialists working in various healthcare institutions of seven different geographical regions of Turkey, and to examine the characteristics of STEMI presentation and patient admissions in these regions. METHODS: We included 225 emergency medicine specialists working in all geographical regions of Turkey. We e-mailed them a 20-item questionnaire comprising questions related to their STEMI management practices and characteristics of STEMI presentation and patient admissions...
2016: PloS One
Michelle L Pickett, Marlene D Melzer-Lange, Melissa K Miller, Seema Menon, Alexis M Vistocky, Amy L Drendel
OBJECTIVES: There is limited literature about physicians' adherence to 2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines specific to specimen collection testing methods in adolescent females in the emergency setting is limited. The objectives are to (1) determine physician adherence to CDC guidelines for specimen collection/testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea, (2) determine physician characteristics associated with guideline adherence, and (3) describe physicians' knowledge of expedited partner therapy (EPT) laws...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Lori A Stolz, Uwe Stolz, J Matthew Fields, Turandot Saul, Michael Secko, Matthew J Flannigan, Johnathan M Sheele, Robert P Rifenburg, Anthony J Weekes, Elaine B Josephson, John Bedolla, Dana M Resop, Jonathan Dela Cruz, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Terrell Caffery, Charlotte Derr, Rimon Bengiamin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Brandon Backlund, Jagdipak Heer, Robert J Hyde, Srikar Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: Emergency ultrasound (EUS) has been recognized as integral to the training and practice of emergency medicine (EM). The Council of Emergency Medicine Residency-Academy of Emergency Ultrasound (CORD-AEUS) consensus document provides guidelines for resident assessment and progression. The Accredited Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has adopted the EM Milestones for assessment of residents' progress during their residency training which includes demonstration of procedural competency in bedside ultrasound...
October 14, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Paola Friedrich, Catherine G Lam, Geetinder Kaur, Elena Itriago, Raul C Ribeiro, Ramandeep S Arora
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing treatment abandonment (TxA) is crucial for bridging the pediatric cancer survival gap between high-income (HIC) and low-and middle-income countries (LMC). In childhood cancer, TxA is defined as failure to start or complete curative cancer therapy and known to be a complex phenomenon. With rising interest on causes and consequences of TxA in LMC, this study aimed to establish the lay-of-the-land regarding determinants of TxA globally, perform and promote comparative research, and raise awareness on this subject...
2016: PloS One
Lene H Garvey
Perioperative hypersensitivity reactions are rare, often life-threatening events, and subsequent investigations to identify the culprit are important to avoid re-exposure. All exposures in the perioperative setting may potentially be the cause of a hypersensitivity reaction, but drugs administered intravenously such as neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA), induction agents and antibiotics have traditionally been reported to be implicated most commonly. It has recently become apparent that there are geographical differences in sensitization patterns related to variation in exposures, referral patterns and performance and interpretation of investigations...
October 4, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Justin Joschko, Nick Busing
OBJECTIVE: To explore perceptions about the factors that influence the ratio of generalists to other specialists. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen individuals who were closely involved in medical education and health human resource planning or had a role in influencing medical education policy. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with participants until data saturation was reached...
March 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Linda Rozmovits, Silvano Mior, Heather Boon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the current safety culture around the use of spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) by regulated health professionals in Canada and to explore perceptions of readiness for implementing formal mechanisms for tracking associated adverse events. METHODS: Fifty-six semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with professional leaders and frontline practitioners in chiropractic, physiotherapy, naturopathy and medicine, all professions regulated to perform SMT in the provinces of Alberta and Ontario Canada...
June 2, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Nouri L Ben Zakour, Areej S Alsheikh-Hussain, Melinda M Ashcroft, Nguyen Thi Khanh Nhu, Leah W Roberts, Mitchell Stanton-Cook, Mark A Schembri, Scott A Beatson
UNLABELLED: Escherichia coli ST131 is the most frequently isolated fluoroquinolone-resistant (FQR) E. coli clone worldwide and a major cause of urinary tract and bloodstream infections. Although originally identified through its association with the CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum β-lactamase resistance gene, global genomic epidemiology studies have failed to resolve the geographical and temporal origin of the ST131 ancestor. Here, we developed a framework for the reanalysis of publically available genomes from different countries and used this data set to reconstruct the evolutionary steps that led to the emergence of FQR ST131...
April 26, 2016: MBio
Morgan L Swank, Thomas J Garite, Kimberly Maurel, Anita Das, Jordan H Perlow, C Andrew Combs, Shira Fishman, Jeroen Vanderhoeven, Michael Nageotte, Melissa Bush, David Lewis
BACKGROUND: Vasa previa is a rare condition that is associated with a high rate of fetal or neonatal death when not diagnosed antenatally. The majority of available studies are either small, do not include antepartum data, limited to single institutions, or are biased by inclusion of patients from registries and online vasa previa support groups. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic and management strategies for this potentially catastrophic entity and to describe further maternal and placental risk factors that may aid in the establishment of a screening protocol for vasa previa...
August 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Siobhán McCoy, Mark D Lyttle, Stuart Hartshorn, Philip Larkin, Maria Brenner, Ronan O'Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: There is extensive literature on paediatric procedural sedation (PPS) and its clinical applications in emergency departments (EDs). While numerous guidance and policy documents exist from international bodies, there remains a lack of uniformity and consistency of PPS practices within EDs. PPS is now gaining traction in the UK and Ireland and this study aimed to describe existing PPS practices and identify any challenges to training and provision of ED-based PPS. METHODS: A qualitative approach was employed to capture data through a focus group interview...
August 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Zorica Popović, Rada Matić, Srđan Bojović, Milena Stefanović, Vera Vidaković
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ethnobotanical knowledge and traditional medicinal practices from different parts of the world are of global importance and documentation of ethnobotanical, and ethnopharmacological data is a key prerequisite for further research in the area of herbal medicine and its implementation in clinical practice. AIMS: An attempt was made to evaluate the scientific output of research related to ethnobotany and herbal medicine in journals indexed in the subject area "Integrative and Complementary Medicine" in the period 2001-2013, in order to ascertain research trends in both subdisciplines...
April 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Adrian Mellor, Naomi Dodds, Raj Joshi, John Hall, Sundeep Dhillon, Sarah Hollis, Pete Davis, David Hillebrandt, Eva Howard, Matthew Wilkes, Burjor Langdana, David Lee, Nigel Hinson, Thomas Harcourt Williams, Joe Rowles, Harvey Pynn
To support leaders and those involved in providing medical care on expeditions in wilderness environments, the Faculty of Pre-Hospital Care (FPHC) of The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh convened an expert panel of leading healthcare professionals and expedition providers. The aims of this panel were to: (1) provide guidance to ensure the best possible medical care for patients within the geographical, logistical and human factor constraints of an expedition environment. (2) Give aspiring and established expedition medics a 'benchmark' of skills they should meet...
2015: Extreme Physiology & Medicine
Deb Sanjay Nag
Emergency laparotomy is the commonest emergency surgical procedure in most hospitals and includes over 400 diverse surgical procedures. Despite the evolution of medicine and surgical practices, the mortality in patients needing emergency laparotomy remains abnormally high. Although surgical risk assessment first started with the ASA Physical Status score in 1941, efforts to find an ideal scoring system that accurately estimates the risk of mortality, continues till today. While many scoring systems have been developed, no single scoring system has been validated across multiple centers and geographical locations...
December 2015: BioMedicine
Hazel Bradley, Uta Lehmann, Nadine Butler
BACKGROUND: District and sub-district pharmacist positions were created during health sector reform in South Africa. High prevalence of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and increasing chronic non-communicable diseases have drawn attention to their pivotal roles in improving accessibility and appropriate use of medicines at the primary level. This research describes new roles and related competencies of district and sub-district pharmacists in Cape Town. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, the author (HB) conducted participatory action research in Cape Town Metro District, an urban district in the Western Cape Province of South Africa, partnering with pharmacists and managers of the two government primary health care (PHC) providers...
2015: Human Resources for Health
JoAnna K Leyenaar, Emily R O'Brien, Natasha Malkani, Tara Lagu, Peter K Lindenauer
BACKGROUND: Direct admissions account for 25% of pediatric unscheduled hospitalizations. Despite this, our knowledge of direct admission practices and safety is limited. This study aimed to characterize direct admission practices, benefits, and challenges at a diverse sample of hospitals and to identify diagnoses most appropriate for this admission approach. METHODS: We conducted a national survey at a stratified random sample of 177 US hospitals using both closed and open-ended questions...
March 2016: Academic Pediatrics
Gernot Marx, Rainer Beckers, Jörg Christian Brokmann, Robert Deisz, Hans-Christoph Pape
The demographic challenge of the ageing society is associated with increasing comorbidity. On the other hand, there will be an ageing workforce in medicine, resulting in an imbalance between the demand and supply of medical care in the near future. In rural areas in particular, this imbalance is already present today. Based on three best practice projects carried out by our telemedical center in Aachen, including emergency medicine, intensive care medicine, and the rehabilitation planning of geriatric trauma care, some experience and the potential of the intersectoral provision of care, supported by telemedicine, are demonstrated...
October 2015: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Shunichiro Nakao, Akio Kimura, Yusuke Hagiwara, Kohei Hasegawa
OBJECTIVES: Although successful airway management is essential for emergency trauma care, comprehensive studies are limited. We sought to characterise current trauma care practice of airway management in the emergency departments (EDs) in Japan. DESIGN: Analysis of data from a prospective, observational, multicentre registry-the Japanese Emergency Airway Network (JEAN) registry. SETTING: 13 academic and community EDs from different geographic regions across Japan...
February 4, 2015: BMJ Open
Achim Rosemann
The article examines the role and challenges of scientific self-governance and standardization in inter-continental clinical research partnerships in stem cell medicine. The paper shows that - due to a high level of regulatory diversity - the enactment of internationally recognized standards in multi-country stem cell trials is a complex and highly situation-specific achievement. Standardization is imposed on a background of regulatory, institutional and epistemic-cultural heterogeneity, and implemented exclusively in the context of select clinical projects...
December 2014: Social Science & Medicine
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