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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794359/analysis-of-the-risk-factors-of-surgery-after-endoscopic-balloon-dilation-for-small-intestinal-strictures-in-crohn-s-disease-using-double-balloon-endoscopy
#1
Yu Nishida, Shuhei Hosomi, Hirokazu Yamagami, Tomomi Yukawa, Yasuaki Nagami, Fumio Tanaka, Noriko Kamata, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Masatsugu Shiba, Toshio Watanabe, Kazunari Tominaga, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Tetsuo Arakawa
Objective Balloon-assisted endoscopy enables access to and treatment of strictures in the small intestine using endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD); however, the long-term outcomes of EBD have not been sufficiently evaluated. This study evaluated the long-term outcomes of EBD in Crohn's disease to identify the risk factors associated with the need for subsequent surgical intervention. Methods We retrospectively analyzed patients with Crohn's disease who had undergone EBD with double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) for small intestinal strictures at a single center between 2006 and 2015...
August 10, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689268/successful-removal-of-an-internal-pancreatic-stent-that-migrated-into-the-bile-duct-using-double-balloon-enteroscopy-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#2
Seiko Hirono, Manabu Kawai, Yasunobu Yamashita, Ken-Ichi Okada, Motoki Miyazawa, Masaki Ueno, Yoshimasa Maeda, Masahiro Itonaga, Masayuki Kitano, Hiroki Yamaue
PURPOSE: Internal stents used during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) are generally spontaneously passed through the rectum by defecation. However, we encountered six patients with internal stents that migrated into the bile duct after PD. We herein report the outcomes of these six patients and the usefulness of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) for removal of such stents from the bile duct. METHODS: An internal stent was placed across pancreaticojejunostomy in 416 (68...
July 8, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664384/a-case-of-protein-losing-enteropathy-caused-by-sclerosing-mesenteritis-diagnosed-with-capsule-endoscopy-and-double-balloon-endoscopy
#3
Yasushi Saito, Katsushi Hiramatsu, Takuto Nosaka, Yoshihiko Ozaki, Kazuto Takahashi, Tatsushi Naito, Kazuya Ofuji, Hidetaka Matsuda, Masahiro Ohtani, Tomoyuki Nemoto, Yoshiaki Imamura, Yasunari Nakamoto
A 75-year-old man presented with abdominal distension, hypoproteinemia, ascites and a 35-mm mass in the small bowel mesentery. Laparotomy was performed, and he was diagnosed with sclerosing mesenteritis. His clinical condition improved, with computed tomography (CT) showing tumor shrinkage and decreasing ascites after administration of prednisolone; however, on drug withdrawal, abdominal fullness recurred and CT revealed an enlarging tumor and increasing ascites. Capsule endoscopy (CE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) were performed to further investigate hypoalbuminemia, which revealed white villi, white nodules, white debris, and mucosal edema in the jejunum...
August 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641560/functional-and-catalytic-characterization-of-the-detoxifying-enzyme-haloalkane-dehalogenase-from-rhizobium-leguminosarum
#4
Nikolaos Georgakis, Evangelia Chronopoulou, Maria Anna Gad, Dimitrios Skliros, Rodica Efrose, Emmanouil Flemetakis, Nikolaos E Labrou
Haloalkanes are acutely toxic to animals and humans and their toxic effects are mainly observed in the liver, kidneys and central nervous system. In the present work, the haloalkane dehalogenase from Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii (DrlA) was characterized. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis and enzyme activity assays revealed that the DrlA gene expression in R. leguminosarum bv. trifolii is induced by 1,2-dibromoethane (1,2-DBE) during the early exponential phase. The gene of the enzyme was isolated, cloned and expressed in E...
June 20, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611528/preoperative-detection-and-localization-of-small-bowel-hemangioma-two-case-reports
#5
Nobuhisa Takase, Keisuke Fukui, Takafumi Tani, Tohru Nishimura, Tomohiro Tanaka, Naoki Harada, Kimihiko Ueno, Manabu Takamatsu, Akihiko Nishizawa, Akiharu Okamura, Kunihiko Kaneda
Among the various diagnostic modalities for small bowel hemangioma, video capsule endoscopy (VCE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) can be recommended as part of the work-up in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). DBE is superior to VCE in the accuracy of diagnosis and therapeutic potential, while in most cases total enteroscopy cannot be achieved through only the antegrade or retrograde DBE procedures. As treatment for small bowel bleeding, especially spout bleeding, localization of the lesion for the decision of DBE insertion facilitates early treatment, such as endoscopic hemostatic clipping, allowing patients to avoid useless transfusion and the worsening of their disease into life-threatening status...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611338/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-with-double-balloon-enteroscope-in-patients-with-altered-gastrointestinal-anatomy-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Xiao-Dong Shao, Xing-Shun Qi, Xiao-Zhong Guo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with double balloon enteroscope (DBE-ERCP) in patients with altered gastrointestinal anatomy in a meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted on PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library covering the period from January 2001 to December 2015. Data were selected and abstracted from eligible studies and were pooled using a random-effects model...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599194/spatiotemporal-patterns-and-relationships-among-the-diet-biochemistry-and-exposure-to-flame-retardants-in-an-apex-avian-predator-the-peregrine-falcon
#7
Kim J Fernie, Dominique Chabot, Louise Champoux, Samantha Brimble, Mehran Alaee, Sarah Marteinson, Da Chen, Vince Palace, David M Bird, Robert J Letcher
Flame retardants (FR) are industrial chemicals and some are proven environmental contaminants that accumulate in predatory birds. Few studies have examined the influence of diet on FR profiles in nestling raptors and the possible physiological implications of such FR exposure. The objectives of this research were (1) to determine spatial patterns of ≤ 48 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners and ≤ 26 non-PBDE FRs, including organophosphate esters (OPEs), in nestling peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) across the Canadian Great Lakes-St...
June 6, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567376/long-term-effects-of-video-capsule-endoscopy-in-the-management-of-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#8
REVIEW
Georgios Tziatzios, Paraskevas Gkolfakis, George D Dimitriadis, Konstantinos Triantafyllou
Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) accounts for approximately 5% of all gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhages. It usually arises from a small bowel lesion beyond the reach of conventional endoscopy including esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy. Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) revolutionized the evaluation of OGIB patients since it allows reliable and noninvasive visualization of the small bowel mucosal surface. Since 2001, VCE has evolved into an efficient technology integrated in clinical practice. It is the cornerstone in the algorithm of OGIB investigation given its high diagnostic yield, which compares favorably to that of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE)...
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567116/efficacy-of-double-balloon-enteroscopy-for-small-bowel-polypectomy-clinical-and-economic-evaluation
#9
Gabriel Rahmi, Marie-Amélie Vinet, Guillaume Perrod, Jean-Christophe Saurin, Elia Samaha, Thierry Ponchon, Jean-Marc Canard, Joël Edery, Hassani Maoulida, Gilles Chatellier, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Christophe Cellier
BACKGROUND: We evaluated first the feasibility of endoscopic small-bowel polypectomy and second, the economic aspects, by comparing the cost of endoscopic and surgical polyp resection. METHODS: A prospective, observational, multicenter study included 494 patients with positive capsule endoscopy (CE) before double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE). We selected only CE with at least one polyp. The retrospective economic evaluation compared patients treated by DBE or surgery for small-bowel polypectomy...
June 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525835/emerging-and-legacy-flame-retardants-in-uk-human-milk-and-food-suggest-slow-response-to-restrictions-on-use-of-pbdes-and-hbcdd
#10
Fang Tao, Mohamed Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, Danielle C Ashworth, Philippa Douglas, Mireille B Toledano, Stuart Harrad
The legacy flame retardants (LFRs) polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), together with six emerging flame retardants (EFRs) were measured in United Kingdom (UK) human milk collected in 2010 (n=25) and 2014-15 (n=10). These data are the first report of the presence of EFRs in UK human milk. The most abundant EFR was β-tetrabromoethylcyclohexane (DBE-DBCH) (average=2.5ng/g lw; geometric mean=1.5ng/g lw), which is comparable to the concentrations of the most abundant LFRs i...
May 16, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509570/learners-perspectives-on-the-provision-of-condoms-in-south-african-public-schools
#11
W E de Bruin, S Panday-Soobrayan
A stubborn health challenge for learners in South African public schools concerns sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). In 2015, the Department of Basic Education (DBE) proposed the provision of condoms and SRHR-services to learners in schools. This study aimed to contribute to the finalisation and implementation of DBE's policy by exploring learners' perspectives on the provision of condoms and SRHR-services in schools. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted with learners (n = 116) from 33 public schools, to assess their attitudes, social influences, and needs and desires regarding condom provision and SRHR-services in schools...
May 16, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457132/analysis-of-photoirradiated-water-accommodated-fractions-of-crude-oils-using-tandem-tims-and-ft-icr-ms
#12
Paolo Benigni, Kathia Sandoval, Christopher J Thompson, Mark E Ridgeway, Melvin A Park, Piero Gardinali, Francisco Fernandez-Lima
For the first time, trapped ion mobility spectrometry (TIMS) in tandem with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) is applied to the analysis of the low energy water accommodated fraction (WAF) of a crude oil as a function of the exposure to light. The TIMS-FT-ICR MS analysis provided, in addition to the heteroatom series identification, new insights into the WAF isomeric complexity (e.g., [m/z; chemical formula; collision cross section] data sets) for a better evaluation of the degree of chemical and structural photoinduced transformations...
June 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432283/efficacy-and-safety-of-single-balloon-versus-double-balloon-enteroscopy-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis
#13
Zhanjun Lu, Yu Qi, Jianjun Weng, Lei Ma, Xinjian Wan, Rong Wan, Lungen Lu, Hang Zhao
BACKGROUND Single-balloon endoscopy (SBE) has been introduced as a simplified endoscopy technique after the promotion of double-balloon endoscopy (DBE). The difference in clinical performance between DBE and SBE is still not very clear. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between these 2 endoscopic procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 173 patients with suspected small bowel disease were enrolled into this study from January 2007 to December 2011. All cases were divided into DBE or SBE groups according to the endoscopic procedures they underwent...
April 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421109/bleeding-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-children-the-diagnostic-value-of-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#14
Lan-Lan Geng, Pei-Yu Chen, Qiang Wu, Hui-Wen Li, Ding-You Li, Min Yang, Si-Tang Gong
Background. Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) for bleeding MD in children. Methods. We included consecutive children who were highly suspected of MD between 2012 and 2013. All patients underwent Meckel's scan. DBE was performed for patient with negative Meckel's scan. An exploratory laparoscopy was performed in children with positive Meckel's scan or DBE...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411627/combination-of-electrospray-ionization-atmospheric-pressure-photoionization-and-laser-desorption-ionization-fourier-transform-ion-cyclotronic-resonance-mass-spectrometry-for-the-investigation-of-complex-mixtures-application-to-the-petroleomic-analysis-of-bio
#15
Jasmine Hertzog, Vincent Carré, Yann Le Brech, Colin Logan Mackay, Anthony Dufour, Ondřej Mašek, Frédéric Aubriet
The comprehensive description of complex mixtures such as bio-oils is required to understand and improve the different processes involved during biological, environmental or industrial operation. In this context, we have to consider how different ionization sources can improve a non-targeted approach. Thus, the Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) has been coupled to electrospray ionization (ESI), laser desorption ionization (LDI) and atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) to characterize an oak pyrolysis bio-oil...
May 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405316/endoscopic-techniques-to-detect-small-bowel-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Roberta Elisa Rossi, Dario Conte, Luca Elli, Federica Branchi, Sara Massironi
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of small-bowel neuroendocrine tumors (SbNETs) has improved with the advent of video capsule endoscopy (CE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE). The data describing the efficacy of CE/DBE in the detection of SbNETs are scanty. AIM: The aim of this article is to review the current evidence on the role of DBE and CE in the diagnosis of SbNETs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A bibliographical search was performed in PubMed using the following keywords: "neuroendocrine tumors and enteroscopy/and capsule endoscopy" and "small bowel neuroendocrine tumors...
February 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395505/comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-single-versus-double-balloon-enteroscopy-performed-by-endoscopist-experts-in-single-balloon-enteroscopy-a-single-center-experience-and-meta-analysis
#17
Tae Jun Kim, Eun Ran Kim, Dong Kyung Chang, Young-Ho Kim, Sung Noh Hong
Background/Aims: Studies concerning the efficacy and safety of single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) compared with that of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) often appear to be conflicting. However, previous studies were performed by endoscopists who were less experienced in SBE compared with DBE. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of SBE and DBE data performed by a single enteroscopist, with expertise in SBE, using a prospective balloon-assisted enteroscopy registry from 2013 to 2015...
July 15, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395138/formation-of-s-2-n-6-deoxyadenosinyl-ethyl-glutathione-in-dna-and-replication-past-the-adduct-by-translesion-dna-polymerases
#18
Carl A Sedgeman, Yan Su, F Peter Guengerich
1,2-Dibromoethane (DBE, ethylene dibromide) is a potent carcinogen due at least in part to its DNA cross-linking effects. DBE cross-links glutathione (GSH) to DNA, notably to sites on 2'-deoxyadenosine and 2'-deoxyguanosine ( Cmarik , J. L. , et al. ( 1991 ) J. Biol. Chem. 267 , 6672 - 6679 ). Adduction at the N6 position of 2'-deoxyadenosine (dA) had not been detected, but this is a site for the linkage of O(6)-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase ( Chowdhury , G. , et al. ( 2013 ) Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52 , 12879 - 12882 )...
May 15, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370417/usefulness-of-short-double-balloon-enteroscopy-for-biliary-intervention-through-vater-s-papilla-in-a-patient-with-roux-en-y-gastrectomy
#19
LETTER
Koichiro Tsutsumi, Hironari Kato, Hiroyuki Okada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333454/substructural-components-of-organic-colloids-from-a-pu-polluted-soil-with-implications-for-pu-mobilization
#20
Nicole DiDonato, Chen Xu, Peter H Santschi, Patrick G Hatcher
Contaminated soil organic matter from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) has been previously shown to accumulate plutonium (Pu) in a colloidal subfraction and is hypothesized to contain cutin-like chemical structures cross-linked with hydroxamate functionality. The present study further characterizes this high Pu affinity subfraction using electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (ESI-FTICRMS) and discovers additional substructural components. The Pu-enriched fraction was extracted and purified through a series of ultrafiltration and isoelectric focusing (IEF) electrophoresis steps...
May 2, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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