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Healthcare Informatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668498/development-of-the-canadian-nurse-informatics-competency-assessment-scale-and-evaluation-of-alberta-s-registered-nurses-self-perceived-informatics-competencies
#1
Manal Kleib, Lynn Nagle
In today's digitally enabled healthcare environment, it is vitally important to assess Canadian nurses' competency in informatics. The researchers developed the Canadian Nurse Informatics Competency Assessment Scale, a 21-item comprehensive measure based on entry-to-practice informatics competencies for registered nurses, to facilitate assessment of informatics competencies and consequent, planning of formal and continuing education in informatics. The Canadian Nurse Informatics Competency Assessment Scale was used in a cross-sectional survey to determine self-perceived informatics competencies for Alberta's practicing nurses...
April 18, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572311/utilizing-big-data-to-provide-better-health-at-lower-cost
#2
Laney K Jones, Rebecca Pulk, Michael R Gionfriddo, Michael A Evans, Dean Parry
PURPOSE: The efficient use of big data in order to provide better health at a lower cost is described. SUMMARY: As data become more usable and accessible in healthcare, organizations need to be prepared to use this information to positively impact patient care. In order to be successful, organizations need teams with expertise in informatics and data management that can build new infrastructure and restructure existing infrastructure to support quality and process improvements in real time, such as creating discrete data fields that can be easily retrieved and used to analyze and monitor care delivery...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557802/patient-and-system-characteristics-associated-with-performance-on-the-hedis-measures-of-alcohol-and-other-drug-treatment-initiation-and-engagement
#3
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Felicia W Chi, Carla A Green, Agatha Hinman, Jennifer Mertens, Arne Beck, Michael Horberg, Constance Weisner, Cynthia I Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Understand patient and system characteristics associated with performance on the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) Initiation and Engagement of Treatment (IET) measures. METHODS: This mixed-methods study linked patient and health system data from four Kaiser Permanente regions to HEDIS performance measure data for 44,320 commercially or Medicare-insured adults with HEDIS-eligible AOD diagnoses in 2012...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551742/local-spatial-obesity-analysis-and-estimation-using-online-social-network-sensors
#4
Qindong Sun, Nan Wang, Shancang Li, Hongyi Zhou
Recently, the online social networks (OSNs) have received considerable attentions as a revolutionary platform to offer users massive social interaction among users that enables users to be more involved in their own healthcare. The OSNs have also promoted increasing interests in the generation of analytical, data models in health informatics. This paper aims at developing an obesity identification, analysis, and estimation model, in which each individual user is regarded as an online social network 'sensor' that can provide valuable health information...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544780/using-modified-information-delivery-to-enhance-the-traditional-pharmacy-osce-program-at-tmu-a-pilot-study
#5
Che-Wei Lin, Elizabeth H Chang, Daniel L Clinciu, Yun-Ting Peng, Wen-Chen Huang, Chien-Chih Wu, Jen-Chieh Wu, Yu-Chuan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) has been used in many areas of healthcare training over the years. However, it constantly needs to be upgraded and enhanced due to technological and teaching changes. We aim at implementing an integrative OSCE method which employs informatics via the virtual patient within the pharmacy education curriculum at Taipei Medical University to enhance the pharmacy students' competence for using and disseminating information and to also improve critical thinking and clinical reasoning...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521668/the-omaha-system-as-a-structured-instrument-for-bridging-nursing-informatics-with-public-health-nursing-education-a-feasibility-study
#6
Debra L Eardley, Kelly A Krumwiede, Selda Secginli, Linda Garner, Conni DeBlieck, Gulhan Cosansu, Nursen O Nahcivan
Advancements in healthcare systems include adoption of health information technology to ensure healthcare quality. Educators are challenged to determine strategies to integrate health information technology into nursing curricula for building a nursing workforce competent with electronic health records, standardized terminology, evidence-based practice, and evaluation. Nursing informatics, a growing specialty field, comprises health information technology relative to the profession of nursing. It is essential to integrate nursing informatics across nursing curricula to effectively position competent graduates in technology-laden healthcare environments...
March 9, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518017/adherence-to-oral-anticancer-medications-evolving-interprofessional-roles-and-pharmacist-workforce-considerations
#7
Gennaro A Paolella, Andrew D Boyd, Scott M Wirth, Sandra Cuellar, Neeta K Venepalli, Stephanie Y Crawford
Interprofessional care is exhibited in outpatient oncology practices where practitioners from a myriad of specialties (e.g., oncology, nursing, pharmacy, health informatics and others) work collectively with patients to enhance therapeutic outcomes and minimize adverse effects. Historically, most ambulatory-based anticancer medication therapies have been administrated in infusion clinics or physician offices. Oral anticancer medications (OAMs) have become increasingly prevalent and preferred by patients for use in residential or other non-clinic settings...
March 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515813/cloud-based-adaptive-exon-prediction-for-dna-analysis
#8
Srinivasareddy Putluri, Md Zia Ur Rahman, Shaik Yasmeen Fathima
Cloud computing offers significant research and economic benefits to healthcare organisations. Cloud services provide a safe place for storing and managing large amounts of such sensitive data. Under conventional flow of gene information, gene sequence laboratories send out raw and inferred information via Internet to several sequence libraries. DNA sequencing storage costs will be minimised by use of cloud service. In this study, the authors put forward a novel genomic informatics system using Amazon Cloud Services, where genomic sequence information is stored and accessed for processing...
February 2018: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497170/whither-systems-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Rolf Apweiler, Tim Beissbarth, Michael R Berthold, Nils Blüthgen, Yvonne Burmeister, Olaf Dammann, Andreas Deutsch, Friedrich Feuerhake, Andre Franke, Jan Hasenauer, Steve Hoffmann, Thomas Höfer, Peter Lm Jansen, Lars Kaderali, Ursula Klingmüller, Ina Koch, Oliver Kohlbacher, Lars Kuepfer, Frank Lammert, Dieter Maier, Nico Pfeifer, Nicole Radde, Markus Rehm, Ingo Roeder, Julio Saez-Rodriguez, Ulrich Sax, Bernd Schmeck, Andreas Schuppert, Bernd Seilheimer, Fabian J Theis, Julio Vera, Olaf Wolkenhauer
New technologies to generate, store and retrieve medical and research data are inducing a rapid change in clinical and translational research and health care. Systems medicine is the interdisciplinary approach wherein physicians and clinical investigators team up with experts from biology, biostatistics, informatics, mathematics and computational modeling to develop methods to use new and stored data to the benefit of the patient. We here provide a critical assessment of the opportunities and challenges arising out of systems approaches in medicine and from this provide a definition of what systems medicine entails...
March 2, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453548/-big-data-from-clinical-routine
#10
REVIEW
U Mansmann
BACKGROUND: Over the past 100 years, evidence-based medicine has undergone several fundamental changes. Through the field of physiology, medical doctors were introduced to the natural sciences. Since the late 1940s, randomized and epidemiological studies have come to provide the evidence for medical practice, which led to the emergence of clinical epidemiology as a new field in the medical sciences. Within the past few years, big data has become the driving force behind the vision for having a comprehensive set of health-related data which tracks individual healthcare histories and consequently that of large populations...
February 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441511/-cardiology-telemedicine-solutions-opinion-of-the-experts-of-the-committee-of-informatics-and-telemedicine-of-polish-society-of-cardiology-section-of-non-invasive-electrocardiology-and-telemedicine-of-polish-society-of-cardiology-and-clinical-sciences-c
#11
Ryszard Piotrowicz, Paweł Krzesiński, Paweł Balsam, Maciej Kempa, Renata Główczyńska, Marcin Grabowski, Łukasz Kołtowski, Ewa Lewicka, Michał Peller, Ewa Piotrowicz, Jakub Podolec, Adam Stańczyk, Justyna Zajdel, Grzegorz Opolski
For several years, we have observed the dynamic development of technologies that allow patients to access medical care from the comfort of their homes, without direct contact with the doctor. Innovative solutions based on telemedicine improve care coordination and communication among clinicians, patients, and their families, as well as increases patients' security and gives them greater independence, thus eliminating health care inequalities. The rapidly growth of telemedicine and the adoption of new technologies in clinical practice is also observed in Poland...
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298192/helping-older-adults-improve-their-medication-experience-home-by-addressing-medication-regimen-complexity-in-home-healthcare
#12
Orla C Sheehan, Hadi Kharrazi, Kimberly J Carl, Bruce Leff, Jennifer L Wolff, David L Roth, Jennifer Gabbard, Cynthia M Boyd
In skilled home healthcare (SHHC), communication between nurses and physicians is often inadequate for medication reconciliation and needed changes to the medication regimens are rarely made. Fragmentation of electronic health record (EHR) systems, transitions of care, lack of physician-nurse in-person contact, and poor understanding of medications by patients and their families put patients at risk for serious adverse outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and test the HOME tool, an informatics tool to improve communication about medication regimens, share the insights of home care nurses with physicians, and highlight to physicians and nurses the complexity of medication schedules...
January 2018: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284292/national-rare-diseases-registry-system-of-china-and-related-cohort-studies-vision-and-roadmap
#13
Shi Feng, Shuang Liu, Chong Zhu, Mengchun Gong, Yicheng Zhu, Shuyang Zhang
Rare diseases are major challenges in healthcare and medical research and are the basis of national development strategies in many countries. However, inadequate definition of rare diseases and lags in orphan drug development in China hinder rare disease research. In response, the first National Rare Diseases Registry System of China (NRDRS) was established, and various cohort studies have been launched since 2016. More than 20 top academic institutions in China are currently participating in this joint effort to carry out nationwide registration of rare diseases...
February 2018: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247099/evidence-assessing-the-diagnostic-performance-of-medical-smartphone-apps-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#14
Rahel Buechi, Livia Faes, Lucas M Bachmann, Michael A Thiel, Nicolas S Bodmer, Martin K Schmid, Oliver Job, Kenny R Lienhard
OBJECTIVE: The number of mobile applications addressing health topics is increasing. Whether these apps underwent scientific evaluation is unclear. We comprehensively assessed papers investigating the diagnostic value of available diagnostic health applications using inbuilt smartphone sensors. METHODS: Systematic Review-MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science inclusive Medical Informatics and Business Source Premier (by citation of reference) were searched from inception until 15 December 2016...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233386/a-national-survey-on-the-current-status-of-informatics-residency-education-in-pharmacy
#15
Anthony Blash, Connie L Saltsman, Condit Steil
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Upon completion of their post-graduate training, pharmacy informatics residents need to be prepared to interact with clinical and technology experts in the new healthcare environment. This study describes pharmacy informatics residency programs within the United States. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Preliminary information for all pharmacy informatics residency programs was accessed from program webpages. An email was sent out to programs asking them to respond to a six-item questionnaire...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233300/pharmacy-informatics-a-call-to-action-for-educators-administrators-and-residency-directors
#16
Taylor J Steckler, Michael J Brownlee, Benjamin Y Urick, Matthew J Farley
Pharmacy informatics involves the customization and application of information technology to improve medication-related processes. It is a critical function given the recent expansion of technology and prevalence of medication use throughout healthcare. Despite the necessity for pharmacy involvement, many pharmacists and student pharmacists are unaware of how to get started in informatics. Ideally, training should start early with student pharmacists being enrolled in introductory courses taught by leaders in the field...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219880/the-health-information-technology-competencies-tool-does-it-translate-for-nursing-informatics-in-the-united-states
#17
Carolyn Sipes, Kathleen Hunter, Dee McGonigle, Karen West, Taryn Hill, Toni Hebda
Information technology use in healthcare delivery mandates a prepared workforce. The initial Health Information Technology Competencies tool resulted from a 2-year transatlantic effort by experts from the US and European Union to identify approaches to develop skills and knowledge needed by healthcare workers. It was determined that competencies must be identified before strategies are established, resulting in a searchable database of more than 1000 competencies representing five domains, five skill levels, and more than 250 roles...
December 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218922/methods-for-examining-data-quality-in-healthcare-integrated-data-repositories
#18
Vojtech Huser, Michael G Kahn, Jeffrey S Brown, Ramkiran Gouripeddi
This paper summarizes content of the workshop focused on data quality. The first speaker (VH) described data quality infrastructure and data quality evaluation methods currently in place within the Observational Data Science and Informatics (OHDSI) consortium. The speaker described in detail a data quality tool called Achilles Heel and latest development for extending this tool. Interim results of an ongoing Data Quality study within the OHDSI consortium were also presented. The second speaker (MK) described lessons learned and new data quality checks developed by the PEDsNet pediatric research network...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214570/data-quality-in-rare-diseases-registries
#19
Yllka Kodra, Manuel Posada de la Paz, Alessio Coi, Michele Santoro, Fabrizio Bianchi, Faisal Ahmed, Yaffa R Rubinstein, Jérôme Weinbach, Domenica Taruscio
In the field of rare diseases, registries are considered power tool to develop clinical research, to facilitate the planning of appropriate clinical trials, to improve patient care and healthcare planning. Therefore high quality data of rare diseases registries is considered to be one of the most important element in the establishment and maintenance of a registry. Data quality can be defined as the totality of features and characteristics of data set that bear on its ability to satisfy the needs that result from the intended use of the data...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197263/effects-of-using-mobile-device-based-academic-electronic-medical-records-for-clinical-practicum-by-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#20
Mona Choi, HyeongSuk Lee, Joon Ho Park
INTRODUCTION: The academic electronic medical record (AEMR) system is applied with the expectation that nursing students will be able to attain competence in healthcare decision-making and nursing informatics competencies. However, there is insufficient evidence regarding the advantage of applying mobile devices to clinical practicum. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effect of an experiment that introduced a mobile AEMR application for undergraduate nursing students in their practicum...
February 2018: Nurse Education Today
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