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Healthcare Informatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453548/-big-data-from-clinical-routine
#1
REVIEW
U Mansmann
BACKGROUND: Over the past 100 years, evidence-based medicine has undergone several fundamental changes. Through the field of physiology, medical doctors were introduced to the natural sciences. Since the late 1940s, randomized and epidemiological studies have come to provide the evidence for medical practice, which led to the emergence of clinical epidemiology as a new field in the medical sciences. Within the past few years, big data has become the driving force behind the vision for having a comprehensive set of health-related data which tracks individual healthcare histories and consequently that of large populations...
February 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441511/-cardiology-telemedicine-solutions-opinion-of-the-committee-of-informatics-and-telemedicine-of-polish-society-of-cardiology-section-of-non-invasive-electrocardiology-and-telemedicine-of-polish-society-of-cardiology-and-clinical-sciences-committee-of-the
#2
Ryszard Piotrowicz, Paweł Krzesiński, Paweł Balsam, Maciej Kempa, Renata Główczyńska, Marcin Grabowski, Łukasz Kołtowski, Ewa Lewicka, Michał Peller, Ewa Piotrowicz, Jakub Podolec, Adam Stańczyk, Justyna Zajdel, Grzegorz Opolski
For several years, we have observed the dynamic development of technologies that allow patients to access medical care from the comfort of their homes, without direct contact with the doctor. Innovative solutions based on telemedicine improve care coordination and communication among clinicians, patients, and their families, as well as increases patients' security and gives them greater independence, thus eliminating health care inequalities. The rapidly growth of telemedicine and the adoption of new technologies in clinical practice is also observed in Poland...
February 14, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298192/helping-older-adults-improve-their-medication-experience-home-by-addressing-medication-regimen-complexity-in-home-healthcare
#3
Orla C Sheehan, Hadi Kharrazi, Kimberly J Carl, Bruce Leff, Jennifer L Wolff, David L Roth, Jennifer Gabbard, Cynthia M Boyd
In skilled home healthcare (SHHC), communication between nurses and physicians is often inadequate for medication reconciliation and needed changes to the medication regimens are rarely made. Fragmentation of electronic health record (EHR) systems, transitions of care, lack of physician-nurse in-person contact, and poor understanding of medications by patients and their families put patients at risk for serious adverse outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and test the HOME tool, an informatics tool to improve communication about medication regimens, share the insights of home care nurses with physicians, and highlight to physicians and nurses the complexity of medication schedules...
January 2018: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284292/the-national-rare-diseases-registry-system-nrdrs-of-china-and-the-related-cohort-studies-vision-and-roadmap
#4
Shi Feng, Shuang Liu, Chong Zhu, Mengchun Gong, Yicheng Zhu, Shuyang Zhang
Rare diseases are major challenges in healthcare and medical research and have been involved in national development strategies in many countries. However, inadequate definition of rare diseases and lags in orphan drug development in China hinder rare diseases research. The first nationwide rare diseases registry system, National Rare Diseases Registry System of China (NRDRS) has been established and various cohort studies have been launched since 2016. More than 20 top academic institutions participate in this joint effort to carry out nationwide registration of rare diseases...
December 28, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247099/evidence-assessing-the-diagnostic-performance-of-medical-smartphone-apps-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#5
Rahel Buechi, Livia Faes, Lucas M Bachmann, Michael A Thiel, Nicolas S Bodmer, Martin K Schmid, Oliver Job, Kenny R Lienhard
OBJECTIVE: The number of mobile applications addressing health topics is increasing. Whether these apps underwent scientific evaluation is unclear. We comprehensively assessed papers investigating the diagnostic value of available diagnostic health applications using inbuilt smartphone sensors. METHODS: Systematic Review-MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science inclusive Medical Informatics and Business Source Premier (by citation of reference) were searched from inception until 15 December 2016...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233386/a-national-survey-on-the-current-status-of-informatics-residency-education-in-pharmacy
#6
Anthony Blash, Connie L Saltsman, Condit Steil
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Upon completion of their post-graduate training, pharmacy informatics residents need to be prepared to interact with clinical and technology experts in the new healthcare environment. This study describes pharmacy informatics residency programs within the United States. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Preliminary information for all pharmacy informatics residency programs was accessed from program webpages. An email was sent out to programs asking them to respond to a six-item questionnaire...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233300/pharmacy-informatics-a-call-to-action-for-educators-administrators-and-residency-directors
#7
Taylor J Steckler, Michael J Brownlee, Benjamin Y Urick, Matthew J Farley
Pharmacy informatics involves the customization and application of information technology to improve medication-related processes. It is a critical function given the recent expansion of technology and prevalence of medication use throughout healthcare. Despite the necessity for pharmacy involvement, many pharmacists and student pharmacists are unaware of how to get started in informatics. Ideally, training should start early with student pharmacists being enrolled in introductory courses taught by leaders in the field...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219880/the-health-information-technology-competencies-tool-does-it-translate-for-nursing-informatics-in-the-united-states
#8
Carolyn Sipes, Kathleen Hunter, Dee McGonigle, Karen West, Taryn Hill, Toni Hebda
Information technology use in healthcare delivery mandates a prepared workforce. The initial Health Information Technology Competencies tool resulted from a 2-year transatlantic effort by experts from the US and European Union to identify approaches to develop skills and knowledge needed by healthcare workers. It was determined that competencies must be identified before strategies are established, resulting in a searchable database of more than 1000 competencies representing five domains, five skill levels, and more than 250 roles...
December 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218922/methods-for-examining-data-quality-in-healthcare-integrated-data-repositories
#9
Vojtech Huser, Michael G Kahn, Jeffrey S Brown, Ramkiran Gouripeddi
This paper summarizes content of the workshop focused on data quality. The first speaker (VH) described data quality infrastructure and data quality evaluation methods currently in place within the Observational Data Science and Informatics (OHDSI) consortium. The speaker described in detail a data quality tool called Achilles Heel and latest development for extending this tool. Interim results of an ongoing Data Quality study within the OHDSI consortium were also presented. The second speaker (MK) described lessons learned and new data quality checks developed by the PEDsNet pediatric research network...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214570/data-quality-in-rare-diseases-registries
#10
Yllka Kodra, Manuel Posada de la Paz, Alessio Coi, Michele Santoro, Fabrizio Bianchi, Faisal Ahmed, Yaffa R Rubinstein, Jérôme Weinbach, Domenica Taruscio
In the field of rare diseases, registries are considered power tool to develop clinical research, to facilitate the planning of appropriate clinical trials, to improve patient care and healthcare planning. Therefore high quality data of rare diseases registries is considered to be one of the most important element in the establishment and maintenance of a registry. Data quality can be defined as the totality of features and characteristics of data set that bear on its ability to satisfy the needs that result from the intended use of the data...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197263/effects-of-using-mobile-device-based-academic-electronic-medical-records-for-clinical-practicum-by-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Mona Choi, HyeongSuk Lee, Joon Ho Park
INTRODUCTION: The academic electronic medical record (AEMR) system is applied with the expectation that nursing students will be able to attain competence in healthcare decision-making and nursing informatics competencies. However, there is insufficient evidence regarding the advantage of applying mobile devices to clinical practicum. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effect of an experiment that introduced a mobile AEMR application for undergraduate nursing students in their practicum...
November 21, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181240/satisfaction-with-paper-based-dental-records-and-perception-of-electronic-dental-records-among-dental-professionals-in-myanmar
#12
Sai Wai Yan Myint Thu, Boonchai Kijsanayotin, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Wirichada Pan-Ngum
Objectives: To overcome challenges in the implementation of electronic dental record systems in a low-resource setting, it is crucial to know the level of users' satisfaction with the existing system of paper-based dental records and their perceptions of electronic dental records. Methods: A cross-sectional paper-based questionnaire survey was conducted among Myanmar dental professionals who worked in one of two teaching hospitals or in private dental clinics. Descriptive data were analyzed and regression analysis was carried out to identify factors influencing perceptions of electronic dental records...
October 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179715/the-role-of-health-policy-in-the-burden-of-breast-cancer-in-brazil
#13
Francisco Winter Dos Santos Figueiredo, Tábata Cristina do Carmo Almeida, Débora Terra Cardial, Érika da Silva Maciel, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Fernando Adami
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer affects millions of women worldwide, particularly in Brazil, where public healthcare system is an important model in health organization and the cost of chronic disease has affected the economy in the first decade of the twenty-first century. The aim was to evaluate the role of health policy in the burden of breast cancer in Brazil between 2004 and 2014. METHODS: Secondary analysis was performed in 2017 with Brazilian Health Ministry official data, extracted from the Department of Informatics of the National Health System...
November 28, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168211/factors-associated-with-medication-administration-errors-and-why-nurses-fail-to-report-them
#14
Baraa M Hammoudi, Samantha Ismaile, Omar Abu Yahya
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a significant challenge facing healthcare systems. The administration of medication is pivotal to patient safety, and errors in drug administration are associated with mortality and morbidity. In this study, we assessed the factors contributing to the occurrence and reporting of medication errors from the nurse's perspective. METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, we distributed a validated questionnaire to 367 nurses at a large public hospital and obtained a response rate of 73...
November 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164541/-the-application-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-in-nursing-education
#15
Shwu-Fen Chiou, Hsiu-Chuan Su, Ean-Wen Huang
With the rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the 21st century, all walks of life have experienced disruptive changes, including the healthcare profession. Although nurses represent the largest number of professionals in medical institutions, it is doubtful whether nurses possess sufficient capabilities to face challenges in this era of rapid medical informatization. Currently, the courses necessary to cultivate information literacy in nursing students are insufficient in Taiwan, and traditional instruction methods are largely adopted as nursing teaching strategies...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154847/behavioural-informatics-for-improving-water-hygiene-practice-based-on-iot-environment
#16
Yang Fu, Wenyan Wu
The development of Internet of Things (IoT) and latest Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have changed the nature of healthcare monitoring and health behaviour intervention in many applications. Water hygiene and water conservation behaviour intervention as important influence factors to human health are gaining much attentions for improving sustained sanitation practice. Based on face-to-face delivery, typical behaviour intervention method is costly and hardly to provide all day access to personalised intervention guidance and feedbacks...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132622/know-thy-ehealth-user-development-of-biopsychosocial-personas-from-a-study-of-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#17
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114113/managing-information-in-health-informatics
#18
REVIEW
Rodolfo A Fiorini, Izet Masic
Only once we agree upon our understanding of what words really mean can we debate whether a concept, represented by those words, is or not well represented significantly in specific application. Conceptual clarity and predicative/impredicative competence are the fundamental components for managing information more effectively in Health Informatics, Healthcare and Medicine applications, while promoting innovation and creativity. Medicine was always the art and science of healing. The science became more and more a mechanistic technology in Healthcare; the art was dropped altogether...
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082425/review-of-use-and-integration-of-mobile-apps-into-psychiatric-treatments
#19
REVIEW
Steven Chan, Haley Godwin, Alvaro Gonzalez, Peter M Yellowlees, Donald M Hilty
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mental health practitioners should understand the features of current, publicly available apps; the features of novel, research apps; and issues behind the integration of mobile apps and digital health services into clinical workflows. RECENT FINDINGS: The review is based on a research literature and the authors' clinical and healthcare administration experiences. Articles searched-on telepsychiatry, telemental health, mobile mental health, informatics, cellular phone, ambulatory monitoring, telemetry, and algorithms-were restricted to 2016 and 2017...
October 30, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069394/exploring-completeness-in-clinical-data-research-networks-with-dqe-c
#20
Hossein Estiri, Kari A Stephens, Jeffrey G Klann, Shawn N Murphy
Objective: To provide an open source, interoperable, and scalable data quality assessment tool for evaluation and visualization of completeness and conformance in electronic health record (EHR) data repositories. Materials and Methods: This article describes the tool's design and architecture and gives an overview of its outputs using a sample dataset of 200 000 randomly selected patient records with an encounter since January 1, 2010, extracted from the Research Patient Data Registry (RPDR) at Partners HealthCare...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
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