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Healthcare Informatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037119/a-qualitative-study-of-new-graduates-readiness-to-use-nursing-informatics-in-acute-care-settings-clinical-nurse-educators-perspectives
#1
Eun Hee Shin, Elizabeth Cummings, Karen Ford
BACKGROUND: There is an increase in demand for newly graduated nurses who are ready to use nursing informatics efficiently in technology-rich healthcare environments. However, the progress of embedding nursing informatics into curricula has been slow worldwide and literature reports graduates are not ready to use nursing informatics tools effectively in the workplace, posing potential threats to patient safety. In the absence of National Standards for nursing informatics competencies, graduates' nursing informatics needs on entering the workplace need to be explored...
October 17, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035964/medication-safety-programs-in-primary-care-a-scoping-review
#2
Hanan Khalil, Monica Shahid, Libby Roughead
BACKGROUND: Medication safety plays an essential role in all healthcare organizations; improving this area is paramount to quality and safety of any wider healthcare program. While several medication safety programs in the hospital setting have been described and the associated impact on patient safety evaluated, no systematic reviews have described the impact of medication safety programs in the primary care setting. A preliminary search of the literature demonstrated that no systematic reviews, meta-analysis or scoping reviews have reported on medication safety programs in primary care; instead they have focused on specific interventions such as medication reconciliation or computerized physician order entry...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035624/nurses-perceptions-and-problems-in-the-usability-of-a-medication-safety-app
#3
Kalyani Ankem, Sookyung Cho, Diana Simpson
INTRODUCTION: The majority of medication apps support medication adherence. Equally, if not more important, is medication safety. Few apps report on medication safety, and fewer studies have been conducted with these apps. OBJECTIVES: The usability of a medication safety app was tested with nurses to reveal their perceptions of the graphical user interface and to discover problems they encountered in using the app. METHODS: Usability testing of the app was conducted with RN-BSN students and informatics students (n = 18)...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026457/applications-of-information-and-communications-technologies-to-public-health-a-scoping-review-using-the-mesh-term-public-health-informatics
#4
Arjun Kumar Bhattarai, Aein Zarrin, Joon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the public health domains, key informatics concepts, and information and communications technologies (ICTs) applied in articles that are tagged with the MeSH term "public health informatics" and primarily focus on applying ICTs to public health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MeSH term "public health informatics" was searched on MEDLINE-PubMed. The results of the search were then screened in two steps in order to only include articles about applying ICTs to public health problems...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025847/exploring-the-role-of-the-nurse-manager-in-supporting-point-of-care-nurses-adoption-of-electronic-health-records-protocol-for-a-qualitative-research-study
#5
Gillian Strudwick, Richard G Booth, Ragnhildur I Bjarnadottir, Sarah Collins, Rani Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of electronic health record (EHR) systems have been implemented in clinical practice environments where nurses work. Findings from previous studies have found that a number of intended benefits of the technology have not yet been realised to date, partially due to poor system adoption among health professionals such as nurses. Previous studies have suggested that nurse managers can support the effective adoption and use of the technology by nurses. However, no known studies have identified what role nurse managers have in supporting technology adoption, nor the specific strategies that managers can employ to support their staff...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965492/can-learning-health-systems-help-organisations-deliver-personalised-care
#6
Bright I Nwaru, Charles Friedman, John Halamka, Aziz Sheikh
There is increasing international policy and clinical interest in developing learning health systems and delivering precision medicine, which it is hoped will help reduce variation in the quality and safety of care, improve efficiency, and lead to increasing the personalisation of healthcare. Although reliant on similar policies, informatics tools, and data science and implementation research capabilities, these two major initiatives have thus far largely progressed in parallel. In this opinion piece, we argue that they should be considered as complementary, synergistic initiatives whereby the creation of learning health systems infrastructure can support and catalyse the delivery of precision medicine that maximises the benefits and minimises the risks associated with treatments for individual patients...
October 2, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920708/perceived-usefulness-and-perceived-ease-of-use-of-electronic-health-records-among-nurses-application-of-technology-acceptance-model
#7
Ahmad Tubaishat
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly being implemented in healthcare organizations but little attention has been paid to the degree to which nurses as end-users will accept these systems and subsequently use them. OBJECTIVES: To explore nurses' perceptions of usefulness and ease-of-use of EHRs. The relationship between these constructs was examined, and its predictors were studied. METHOD: A national exploratory study was conducted with 1539 nurses from 15 randomly selected hospitals, representative of different regions and healthcare sectors in Jordan...
September 18, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918322/time-for-tiger-to-roar-technology-informatics-guiding-education-reform
#8
EDITORIAL
Siobhan O'Connor, Ursula Hubner, Toria Shaw, Rachelle Blake, Marion Ball
Information Technology (IT) continues to evolve and develop with electronic devices and systems becoming integral to healthcare in every country. This has led to an urgent need for all professions working in healthcare to be knowledgeable and skilled in informatics. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative was established in 2006 in the United States to develop key areas of informatics in nursing. One of these was to integrate informatics competencies into nursing curricula and life-long learning...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916926/informatics-for-precision-medicine-and-healthcare
#9
Jiajia Chen, Yuxin Lin, Bairong Shen
The past decade has witnessed great advances in biomedical informatics. Biomedical informatics is an emerging field of healthcare that aims to translate the laboratory observation into clinical practice. Smart healthcare has also developed rapidly with ubiquitous sensor and communication technologies. It is able to capture the online patient-centric phenotypic variables, thus providing a rich information base for translational biomedical informatics. Biomedical informatics and smart healthcare represent two interrelated disciplines...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895104/concordance-of-adherence-measurement-using-self-reported-adherence-questionnaires-and-medication-monitoring-devices-an-updated-review
#10
REVIEW
Alisha Monnette, Yichen Zhang, Hui Shao, Lizheng Shi
INTRODUCTION: As medication adherence continues to be a prevalent issue in today's society, the methods used to monitor medication-taking behaviors are constantly being re-evaluated and compared in search of the 'gold standard' measure. Our review aimed to assess the current literature surrounding the correlation between self-reported questionnaires (SRQs) and electronic monitoring devices to determine if these measures produce similar results. METHODS: We performed a literature search from 2009 to 2017 using PubMed, PubMed In-Process and Non-Indexed, EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, and Ovid MEDLINE In-Process...
September 11, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875059/comparison-of-three-internship-training-sites-for-an-undergraduate-health-information-management-program-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Sulaiman Bah, Turki Alanzi
OBJECTIVES: While internship training is well established for medical records and for healthcare quality improvement, it is not quite so for training related to IT/health informatics. A comparison was made on the hospital-based IT/health informatics internship training received by students completing their training at the Imam AbdulRahman Bin Faisal University (IAU) in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The three hospitals studied all have the Joint Commission International accreditation and advanced Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems...
July 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840966/the-diy-digital-medical-centre
#12
James Kenneth Timmis, Kenneth Timmis
Healthcare systems worldwide are confronted with major economic, organizational and logistical challenges. Historic evolution of health care has led to significant healthcare sector fragmentation, resulting in systemic inefficiencies and suboptimal resource exploitation. To attain a sustainable healthcare model, fundamental, system-wide improvements that effectively network, and ensure fulfilment of potential synergies between sectors, and include and facilitate coherent strategic planning and organisation of healthcare infrastructure are needed...
September 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838894/breast-cancer-mortality-and-associated-factors-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil-an-ecological-analysis
#13
Carmen Simone Grilo Diniz, Alessandra Cristina Guedes Pellini, Adeylson Guimarães Ribeiro, Marcello Vannucci Tedardi, Marina Jorge de Miranda, Michelle Mosna Touso, Oswaldo Santos Baquero, Patrícia Carlos Dos Santos, Francisco Chiaravalloti-Neto
OBJECTIVE: Identify the factors associated with the age-standardised breast cancer mortality rate in the municipalities of State of São Paulo (SSP), Brazil, in the period from 2006 to 2012. DESIGN: Ecological study of the breast cancer mortality rate standardised by age, as the dependent variable, having each of the 645 municipalities in the SSP as the unit of analysis. SETTINGS: The female resident population aged 15 years or older, by age group and municipality, in 2009 (mid-term), obtained from public dataset (Informatics Department of the Unified Health System)...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832068/the-emerging-role-of-the-chief-research-informatics-officer-in-academic-health-centers
#14
L Nelson Sanchez-Pinto, Abu S M Mosa, Kate Fultz-Hollis, Umberto Tachinardi, William K Barnett, Peter J Embi
BACKGROUND: The role of the Chief Research Informatics Officer (CRIO) is emerging in academic health centers to address the challenges clinical researchers face in the increasingly digitalized, data-intensive healthcare system. Most current CRIOs are the first officers in their institutions to hold that role. To date there is very little published information about this role and the individuals who serve it. OBJECTIVE: To increase our understanding of the CRIO role, the leaders who serve it, and the factors associated with their success in their organizations...
August 16, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813461/epidemiology-of-clostridium-difficile-in-infants-in-oxfordshire-uk-risk-factors-for-colonization-and-carriage-and-genetic-overlap-with-regional-c-difficile-infection-strains
#15
Nicole Stoesser, David W Eyre, T Phuong Quan, Heather Godwin, Gemma Pill, Emily Mbuvi, Alison Vaughan, David Griffiths, Jessica Martin, Warren Fawley, Kate E Dingle, Sarah Oakley, Kazimierz Wanelik, John M Finney, Melina Kachrimanidou, Catrin E Moore, Sherwood Gorbach, Thomas V Riley, Derrick W Crook, Tim E A Peto, Mark H Wilcox, A Sarah Walker
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30-40% of children <1 year of age are Clostridium difficile colonized, and may represent a reservoir for adult C. difficile infections (CDI). Risk factors for colonization with toxigenic versus non-toxigenic C. difficile strains and longitudinal acquisition dynamics in infants remain incompletely characterized. METHODS: Predominantly healthy infants (≤2 years) were recruited in Oxfordshire, UK, and provided ≥1 fecal samples. Independent risk factors for toxigenic/non-toxigenic C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809202/creativity-as-a-key-driver-for-designing-context-sensitive-health-informatics
#16
Chunfang Zhou, Christian Nøhr
In order to face the increasing challenges of complexity and uncertainty in practice of health care, this paper aims to discuss how creativity can contribute to design new technologies in health informatics systems. It will firstly introduce the background highlighting creativity as a missing element in recent studies on context sensitive health informatics. Secondly, the concept of creativity and its relationship with activities of technology design will be discussed from a socio-culture perspective. This will be thirdly followed by understanding the roles of creativity in designing new health informatics technologies for meeting needs of high context sensitivity...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809196/health-informatics-and-technology-for-integrated-elderly-care-in-the-context-of-hong-kong-a-case-study
#17
Cheuk Wing Chau, Eman Leung
The aging population creates tremendous pressure to healthcare. To resolve, scholars recognized the solution to this challenge is integrated care. To facilitate integrated care, health information technologies (HIT) is a critical enabler. This paper will first review how technology enhanced integrated care, and review on the existing literatures in system effective use and the three key external factors that enable HIT implementation. Applying Burton-Jones and Volkoff's contextualized theories of effective use of HIT to understand the role of health informatics and technology in the unique context of Hong Kong, we have conducted a case study research to identify the levers for improving HK integration of care through HIT...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809195/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-why-augmented-reality-games-offer-insights-for-enhancing-public-health-interventions-on-obesity-related-diseases
#18
Ming Chao Wong, Paul Turner, Kate MacIntyre, Kwang Chien Yee
Stimulating widespread interests of the population to participate in behavioural changes through information and technology has been an aim of much health informatics research. The recent widespread participation of the augmented reality game Pokémon Go which encourages exercises, provides significant insights into the potential of information technology to improve healthcare intervention on obesity-related disease. Does Pokémon Go point to another way of achieving health benefits using mobile devices? This paper analyses the features of Pokémon Go in relation to potential health benefits...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809182/developing-an-assessment-tool-for-enhancing-interprofessional-education-of-patient-safety
#19
Yang Gong
The increasing recognition of the value of effective interprofessional collaboration has promoted interprofessional education (IPE) among healthcare professionals. The IPE pilot program initiative at UTHealth matriculated students from the disciplines of biomedical informatics, biomedical sciences, dentistry, medicine, nursing and public health. There has been a pressing need for developing an assessment tool in reflecting how IPE participants recognize and understand the other disciplines including clinical informatics in nowadays' practice...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809173/context-sensitive-health-informatics-delivering-21st-century-healthcare-building-a-quality-and-efficiency-driven-system
#20
Zoie Shui-Yee Wong, Christian Nøhr, Craig E Kuziemsky, Eman Leung, Frank Chen
Health informatics applications will be a cornerstone in the next generation quality-and-efficiency health care system. Health care is delivered from many different specialties, to many different patients with complex diseases and comorbidity. A one size fits all approach is not adequate to reach the Triple Aim of improving the patient experience of care, improving the health of populations, and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health informatics applications must be built to be adaptable and sensitive to the complex contexts they will be used in...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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