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Healthcare Informatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813461/epidemiology-of-clostridium-difficile-in-infants-in-oxfordshire-uk-risk-factors-for-colonization-and-carriage-and-genetic-overlap-with-regional-c-difficile-infection-strains
#1
Nicole Stoesser, David W Eyre, T Phuong Quan, Heather Godwin, Gemma Pill, Emily Mbuvi, Alison Vaughan, David Griffiths, Jessica Martin, Warren Fawley, Kate E Dingle, Sarah Oakley, Kazimierz Wanelik, John M Finney, Melina Kachrimanidou, Catrin E Moore, Sherwood Gorbach, Thomas V Riley, Derrick W Crook, Tim E A Peto, Mark H Wilcox, A Sarah Walker
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30-40% of children <1 year of age are Clostridium difficile colonized, and may represent a reservoir for adult C. difficile infections (CDI). Risk factors for colonization with toxigenic versus non-toxigenic C. difficile strains and longitudinal acquisition dynamics in infants remain incompletely characterized. METHODS: Predominantly healthy infants (≤2 years) were recruited in Oxfordshire, UK, and provided ≥1 fecal samples. Independent risk factors for toxigenic/non-toxigenic C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809202/creativity-as-a-key-driver-for-designing-context-sensitive-health-informatics
#2
Chunfang Zhou, Christian Nøhr
In order to face the increasing challenges of complexity and uncertainty in practice of health care, this paper aims to discuss how creativity can contribute to design new technologies in health informatics systems. It will firstly introduce the background highlighting creativity as a missing element in recent studies on context sensitive health informatics. Secondly, the concept of creativity and its relationship with activities of technology design will be discussed from a socio-culture perspective. This will be thirdly followed by understanding the roles of creativity in designing new health informatics technologies for meeting needs of high context sensitivity...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809196/health-informatics-and-technology-for-integrated-elderly-care-in-the-context-of-hong-kong-a-case-study
#3
Cheuk Wing Chau, Eman Leung
The aging population creates tremendous pressure to healthcare. To resolve, scholars recognized the solution to this challenge is integrated care. To facilitate integrated care, health information technologies (HIT) is a critical enabler. This paper will first review how technology enhanced integrated care, and review on the existing literatures in system effective use and the three key external factors that enable HIT implementation. Applying Burton-Jones and Volkoff's contextualized theories of effective use of HIT to understand the role of health informatics and technology in the unique context of Hong Kong, we have conducted a case study research to identify the levers for improving HK integration of care through HIT...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809195/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-why-augmented-reality-games-offer-insights-for-enhancing-public-health-interventions-on-obesity-related-diseases
#4
Ming Chao Wong, Paul Turner, Kate MacIntyre, Kwang Chien Yee
Stimulating widespread interests of the population to participate in behavioural changes through information and technology has been an aim of much health informatics research. The recent widespread participation of the augmented reality game Pokémon Go which encourages exercises, provides significant insights into the potential of information technology to improve healthcare intervention on obesity-related disease. Does Pokémon Go point to another way of achieving health benefits using mobile devices? This paper analyses the features of Pokémon Go in relation to potential health benefits...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809182/developing-an-assessment-tool-for-enhancing-interprofessional-education-of-patient-safety
#5
Yang Gong
The increasing recognition of the value of effective interprofessional collaboration has promoted interprofessional education (IPE) among healthcare professionals. The IPE pilot program initiative at UTHealth matriculated students from the disciplines of biomedical informatics, biomedical sciences, dentistry, medicine, nursing and public health. There has been a pressing need for developing an assessment tool in reflecting how IPE participants recognize and understand the other disciplines including clinical informatics in nowadays' practice...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809173/context-sensitive-health-informatics-delivering-21st-century-healthcare-building-a-quality-and-efficiency-driven-system
#6
Zoie Shui-Yee Wong, Christian Nøhr, Craig E Kuziemsky, Eman Leung, Frank Chen
Health informatics applications will be a cornerstone in the next generation quality-and-efficiency health care system. Health care is delivered from many different specialties, to many different patients with complex diseases and comorbidity. A one size fits all approach is not adequate to reach the Triple Aim of improving the patient experience of care, improving the health of populations, and reducing the per capita cost of health care. Health informatics applications must be built to be adaptable and sensitive to the complex contexts they will be used in...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701226/the-application-of-geographic-information-systems-gis-in-identifying-the-priority-areas-for-maternal-care-and-services
#7
Fatemeh Salehi, Leila Ahmadian
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health is globally introduced as an important health priority. The purpose of this study is to identify the high priority areas which require more maternal health services in Kerman, Iran. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, performed in 2015. The literatures were first explored in order to extract geographic indicators and sub indicators relevant to the maternal health. Data were collected by the use of a questionnaire designed on the basis of AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) method...
July 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699553/introduction-the-international-conference-on-intelligent-biology-and-medicine-icibm-2016-special-focus-on-medical-informatics-and-big-data
#8
Cui Tao, Yang Gong, Hua Xu, Zhongming Zhao
In this editorial, we first summarize the 2016 International Conference on Intelligent Biology and Medicine (ICIBM 2016) held on December 8-10, 2016 in Houston, Texas, USA, and then briefly introduce the ten research articles included in this supplement issue. At ICIBM 2016, a special theme, "Medical Informatics and Big Data," was dedicated to the recent advances of data science in the medical domain. After peer review, ten articles were selected for this special issue, covering topics such as Knowledge and Data Personalization, Social Media Applications to Healthcare, Clinical Natural Language Processing, Patient Safety Analyses, and Data Mining Using Electronic Health Records...
July 5, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684387/sharing-annotated-audio-recordings-of-clinic-visits-with-patients-development-of-the-open-recording-automated-logging-system-orals-study-protocol
#9
Paul J Barr, Michelle D Dannenberg, Craig H Ganoe, William Haslett, Rebecca Faill, Saeed Hassanpour, Amar Das, Roger Arend, Meredith C Masel, Sheryl Piper, Haley Reicher, James Ryan, Glyn Elwyn
BACKGROUND: Providing patients with recordings of their clinic visits enhances patient and family engagement, yet few organizations routinely offer recordings. Challenges exist for organizations and patients, including data safety and navigating lengthy recordings. A secure system that allows patients to easily navigate recordings may be a solution. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project is to develop and test an interoperable system to facilitate routine recording, the Open Recording Automated Logging System (ORALS), with the aim of increasing patient and family engagement...
July 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679938/managing-information-more-effectively-in-health-informatics-applications
#10
Rodolfo A Fiorini
Conceptual clarity and predicative/impredicative competence are the fundamental components for managing information more effectively in Health Informatics, Healthcare and Medicine applications, while promoting innovation and creativity. Medicine was always the art and science of healing. The science became more and more a mechanistic technology in Healthcare; the art was dropped altogether. But uncertainty-as-problem in the past is slowly morphing into the evolutive concept of uncertainty-as-resource. The key change performance factor is education, distinguishing building on sand from building on rock for Health Informatics! Conceptual clarity, more than instrumental obsession (so typical of this particular time) is necessary...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679921/accounting-information-systems-in-healthcare-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Hadal Hammour, Mowafa Househ, Hira Abdul Razzak
As information technology progresses in Saudi Arabia, the manual accounting systems have become graduallyinadequate for decision needs. Subsequently, private and public healthcare divisions in Saudi Arabia perceive Computerized accounting information system (CAIS) as a vehicle to safeguard efficient and effective flow of information during the analysis, processes, and recording of financial data. Efficient and effective flow of information improvesthe decision making of staff, thereby improving the capability of health care sectors to reduce cost of the medical services...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679910/investigating-the-perceived-innovation-of-the-big-data-technology-in-healthcare
#12
Parisis Gallos, John Minou, Fotios Routsis, John Mantas
The research aim of this study is to investigate the perceived innovation of the Big Data Technology in Healthcare. A survey was conducted using a theoretical model based on Rogers' Innovation Diffusion Theory, on Davis' Technology Acceptance Model, and relative research work. The results reveal that the Big Data Technology may be an innovation on the field of Health Informatics as it offers a lot of advantages compared to the traditional ways of data handling and processing, and it is compatible with the current technological status on the healthcare domain...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679908/health-informatics-scientists-perception-about-big-data-technology
#13
John Minou, Fotios Routsis, Parisis Gallos, John Mantas
The aim of this paper is to present the perceptions of the Health Informatics Scientists about the Big Data Technology in Healthcare. An empirical study was conducted among 46 scientists to assess their knowledge about the Big Data Technology and their perceptions about using this technology in healthcare. Based on the study findings, 86.7% of the scientists had knowledge of Big data Technology. Furthermore, 59.1% of the scientists believed that Big Data Technology refers to structured data. Additionally, 100% of the population believed that Big Data Technology can be implemented in Healthcare...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679905/medical-informatics-idle-youtube-potential
#14
Anežka Hucíková, Ankica Babic
YouTube as an online video-sharing service in the context of Web 2.0 goes beyond the bounds of pure fun, for which the platform was primarily established. Nowadays, commonly to other social media, it serves also educational, informational and last but not least, marketing purposes. The importance of video sharing is supported by several predictions about video reaching over 90% of global internet traffic by 2020. Using qualitative content analysis over selected YouTube videos, paper examines the current situation of the platform's marketing potential usage by medical informatics organizations, researches and other healthcare professionals...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679874/find-your-passion-lead-with-purpose-a-health-informaticians-guide
#15
Mowafa Househ
Health Informatics is an ever evolving, changing and dynamic field that has become the disruptive innovation shaping the future of healthcare. Health informaticians face a number of challenges in the workplace such as gaining acceptance and recognition from other healthcare providers and overcoming the resistance of healthcare providers from using technology in clinical practice. Being a health informatician is not for the faint hearted, especially as resistance to the role of health informaticians continues from both healthcare providers and hospital administrators...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637638/the-gap-in-medical-informatics-and-continuing-education-between-the-united-states-and-china-a-comparison-of-conferences-in-2016
#16
Jun Liang, Kunyan Wei, Qun Meng, Zhenying Chen, Jiajie Zhang, Jianbo Lei
BACKGROUND: China launched its second health reform in 2010 with considerable investments in medical informatics (MI). However, to the best of our knowledge, research on the outcomes of this ambitious undertaking has been limited. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to understand the development of MI and the state of continuing education in China and the United States from the perspective of conferences. METHODS: We conducted a quantitative and qualitative analysis of four MI conferences in China and two in the United States: China Medical Information Association Annual Symposium (CMIAAS), China Hospital Information Network Annual Conference (CHINC), China Health Information Technology Exchange Annual Conference (CHITEC), China Annual Proceeding of Medical Informatics (CPMI) versus the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) and Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590271/impact-of-an-onsite-clinic-on-utilization-of-preventive-services
#17
Mina Ostovari, Denny Yu, Yuehwern Yih, Charlotte Joy Steele-Morris
OBJECTIVE: To assess impact of an onsite clinic on healthcare utilization of preventive services for employees of a public university and their dependents. METHOD: Descriptive statistics, logistic regression and classification tree techniques were used to assess health claim data to identify changes in patterns of healthcare utilization and factors impacting usage of onsite clinic. RESULT: Utilization of preventive services significantly increased for women and men employees by 9% and 14% one year after implementation of the onsite clinic...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541225/stability-of-enzymatic-biosensors-for-wearable-applications
#18
Apurva Sonawane, Pandiaraj Manickam, Shekhar Bhansali
Technological evolution in wearable sensors is accounting for major growth and transformation in multitude of industries ranging from healthcare to computing & informatics to communication and biomedical sciences. The major driver for this transformation is the new-found ability to continuously monitor and analyze the patients' physiology in patients' natural setting. Numerous wearable sensors are already on the market and are summarized. Most of the current technologies have focused on electro-physiological, electro-mechanical or acoustic measurements...
May 19, 2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523205/2016-year-in-review-of-clinical-and-consumer-informatics-analysis-and-visualization-of-keywords-and-topics
#19
REVIEW
Hyeoun-Ae Park, Joo Yun Lee, Jeongah On, Ji Hyun Lee, Hyesil Jung, Seul Ki Park
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review and visualize the medical informatics field over the previous 12 months according to the frequencies of keywords and topics in papers published in the top four journals in the field and in Healthcare Informatics Research (HIR), an official journal of the Korean Society of Medical Informatics. METHODS: A six-person team conducted an extensive review of the literature on clinical and consumer informatics. The literature was searched using keywords employed in the American Medical Informatics Association year-in-review process and organized into 14 topics used in that process...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516176/examining-menstrual-tracking-to-inform-the-design-of-personal-informatics-tools
#20
Daniel A Epstein, Nicole B Lee, Jennifer H Kang, Elena Agapie, Jessica Schroeder, Laura R Pina, James Fogarty, Julie A Kientz, Sean A Munson
We consider why and how women track their menstrual cycles, examining their experiences to uncover design opportunities and extend the field's understanding of personal informatics tools. To understand menstrual cycle tracking practices, we collected and analyzed data from three sources: 2,000 reviews of popular menstrual tracking apps, a survey of 687 people, and follow-up interviews with 12 survey respondents. We find that women track their menstrual cycle for varied reasons that include remembering and predicting their period as well as informing conversations with healthcare providers...
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
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