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Healthcare Informatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090649/-the-pharmacogenomics-research-network-translational-pharmacogenetics-program-outcomes-and-metrics-of-pharmacogenetic-implementations-across-diverse-healthcare-systems
#1
Jasmine A Luzum, Ruth E Pakyz, Amanda R Elsey, Cyrine E Haidar, Josh F Peterson, Michelle Whirl-Carrillo, Samuel K Handelman, Kathleen Palmer, Jill M Pulley, Marc Beller, Jonathan S Schildcrout, Julie R Field, Kristin W Weitzel, Rhonda M Cooper-DeHoff, Larisa H Cavallari, Peter H O'Donnell, Russ B Altman, Naveen Pereira, Mark J Ratain, Dan M Roden, Peter J Embi, Wolfgang Sadee, Teri E Klein, Julie A Johnson, Mary V Relling, Liewei Wang, Richard M Weinshilboum, Alan R Shuldiner, Robert R Freimuth
Numerous pharmacogenetic clinical guidelines and recommendations have been published, but barriers have hindered the clinical implementation of pharmacogenetics. The Translational Pharmacogenetics Program (TPP) of the NIH Pharmacogenomics Research Network was established in 2011 to catalog and contribute to the development of pharmacogenetic implementations at eight US healthcare systems, with the goal to disseminate real-world solutions for the barriers to clinical pharmacogenetic implementation. The TPP collected and normalized pharmacogenetic implementation metrics through June 2015, including gene-drug pairs implemented, interpretations of alleles and diplotypes, numbers of tests performed and actionable results, and workflow diagrams...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050715/workflow-lexicons-in-healthcare-validation-of-the-swim-lexicon
#2
Chris Meenan, Bradley Erickson, Nancy Knight, Jewel Fossett, Elizabeth Olsen, Prerna Mohod, Joseph Chen, Steve G Langer
For clinical departments seeking to successfully navigate the challenges of modern health reform, obtaining access to operational and clinical data to establish and sustain goals for improving quality is essential. More broadly, health delivery organizations are also seeking to understand performance across multiple facilities and often across multiple electronic medical record (EMR) systems. Interpreting operational data across multiple vendor systems can be challenging, as various manufacturers may describe different departmental workflow steps in different ways and sometimes even within a single vendor's installed customer base...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049072/educating-the-nurses-of-2025-technology-trends-of-the-next-decade
#3
Tracie Risling
The pace of technological evolution in healthcare is advancing. In this article key technology trends are identified that are likely to influence nursing practice and education over the next decade. The complexity of curricular revision can create challenges in the face of rapid practice change. Nurse educators are encouraged to consider the role of electronic health records (EHRs), wearable technologies, big data and data analytics, and increased patient engagement as key areas for curriculum development. Student nurses, and those already in practice, should be offered ongoing educational opportunities to enhance a wide spectrum of professional informatics skills...
December 21, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048685/tu-d-201-08-experience-complying-with-the-joint-commission-element-of-performance-on-radiation-dose-index-monitoring
#4
M P Supanich
PURPOSE: A new Joint Commission element of performance effective July 2015 requires incidents where the radiation dose index exceeds a defined level be reviewed, analyzed and compared to external benchmarks. This work offers a comprehensive review of the CT exams in which the notification level was exceeded and the reason at one academic medical center. This review may help other institutions set reference levels at clinically relevant values. METHODS: Radiation Dose Structured Reports from each of the 5 diagnostic CT scanners at our institution are automatically sent to our radiation dose index monitoring software platform, Radimetrics from Bayer Healthcare...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038910/consumer-health-informatics-empowering-healthy-lifestyle-seekers-through-mhealth
#5
REVIEW
Anthony Faiola, Richard J Holden
People are at risk from noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and poor health habits, with interventions like medications and surgery carrying further risk of adverse effects. This paper addresses ways people are increasingly moving to healthy living medicine (HLM) to mitigate such health threats. HLM-seekers increasingly leverage mobile technologies that enable control of personal health information, collaboration with clinicians/other agents to establish healthy living practices. For example, outcomes from consumer health informatics research includes empowering users to take charge of their health through active participation in decision-making about healthcare delivery...
December 27, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034409/visualizing-the-knowledge-structure-and-evolution-of-big-data-research-in-healthcare-informatics
#6
REVIEW
Dongxiao Gu, Jingjing Li, Xingguo Li, Changyong Liang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the literature associated with healthcare big data has grown rapidly, but few studies have used bibliometrics and a visualization approach to conduct deep mining and reveal a panorama of the healthcare big data field. METHODS: To explore the foundational knowledge and research hotspots of big data research in the field of healthcare informatics, this study conducted a series of bibliometric analyses on the related literature, including papers' production trends in the field and the trend of each paper's co-author number, the distribution of core institutions and countries, the core literature distribution, the related information of prolific authors and innovation paths in the field, a keyword co-occurrence analysis, and research hotspots and trends for the future...
February 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027164/meeting-the-needs-for-radiation-protection-diagnostic-imaging
#7
Donald P Frush
Radiation and potential risk during medical imaging is one of the foremost issues for the imaging community. Because of this, there are growing demands for accountability, including appropriate use of ionizing radiation in diagnostic and image-guided procedures. Factors contributing to this include increasing use of medical imaging; increased scrutiny (from awareness to alarm) by patients/caregivers and the public over radiation risk; and mounting calls for accountability from regulatory, accrediting, healthcare coverage (e...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008360/disrupting-the-world-of-disability-the-next-generation-of-assistive-technologies-and-rehabilitation-practices
#8
Catherine Holloway, Helen Dawes
Designing, developing and deploying assistive technologies at a scale and cost which makes them accessible to people is challenging. Traditional models of manufacturing would appear to be insufficient at helping the world's 1 billion disabled people in accessing the technologies they require. In addition, many who receive assistive technologies simply abandon them as they do not meet their needs. In this study the authors explore the changing world of design for disability. A landscape which includes the rise of the maker movement, the role of ubiquitous sensing and the changing role of the 'user' to one of designer and maker...
December 2016: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966006/medical-record-keeping-in-the-summer-camp-setting
#9
Laura Kaufman, Jaycelyn Holland, Stuart Weinberg, S Trent Rosenbloom
BACKGROUND: Approximately one fifth of school-aged children spend a significant portion of their year at residential summer camp, and a growing number have chronic medical conditions. Camp health records are essential for safe, efficient care and for transitions between camp and home providers, yet little research exists regarding these systems. OBJECTIVE: To survey residential summer camps for children to determine how camps create, store, and use camper health records...
December 14, 2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924347/preprocessing-structured-clinical-data-for-predictive-modeling-and-decision-support-a-roadmap-to-tackle-the-challenges
#10
José Carlos Ferrão, Mónica Duarte Oliveira, Filipe Janela, Henrique M G Martins
BACKGROUND: EHR systems have high potential to improve healthcare delivery and management. Although structured EHR data generates information in machine-readable formats, their use for decision support still poses technical challenges for researchers due to the need to preprocess and convert data into a matrix format. During our research, we observed that clinical informatics literature does not provide guidance for researchers on how to build this matrix while avoiding potential pitfalls...
December 7, 2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922656/wearable-therapy-detecting-information-from-wearables-and-mobiles-that-are-relevant-to-clinical-and-self-directed-therapy
#11
Bert Arnrich, Cem Ersoy, Oscar Mayora, Anind Dey, Nadia Berthouze, Kai Kunze
BACKGROUND: This accompanying editorial provides a brief introduction into the focus theme "Wearable Therapy". OBJECTIVES: The focus theme "Wearable Therapy" aims to present contributions which target wearable and mobile technologies to support clinical and self-directed therapy. METHODS: A call for papers was announced to all participants of the "9th International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare" and was published in November 2015...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854426/information-and-communication-technology-design-delivery-and-outcomes-from-a-nursing-informatics-boot-camp
#12
Manal Kleib, Nicole Simpson, Beverly Rhodes
Information and communication technology (ICT) is integral in today’s healthcare as a critical piece of support to both track and improve patient and organizational outcomes. Facilitating nurses’ informatics competency development through continuing education is paramount to enhance their readiness to practice safely and accurately in technologically enabled work environments. In this article, we briefly describe progress in nursing informatics (NI) and share a project exemplar that describes our experience in the design, implementation, and evaluation of a NI educational event, a one-day boot camp format that was used to provide foundational knowledge in NI targeted primarily at frontline nurses in Alberta, Canada...
May 31, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830261/nursing-informatics-certification-worldwide-history-pathway-roles-and-motivation
#13
Mollie R Cummins, Adi V Gundlapalli, Aditya V Gundlapalli, Peter Murray, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Christoph U Lehmann
INTRODUCTION: Official recognition and certification for informatics professionals are essential aspects of workforce development. OBJECTIVE: To describe the history, pathways, and nuances of certification in nursing informatics across the globe; compare and contrast those with board certification in clinical informatics for physicians. METHODS: (1) A review of the representative literature on informatics certification and related competencies for nurses and physicians, and relevant websites for nursing informatics associations and societies worldwide; (2) similarities and differences between certification processes for nurses and physicians, and (3) perspectives on roles for nursing informatics professionals in healthcare Results: The literature search for 'nursing informatics certification' yielded few results in PubMed; Google Scholar yielded a large number of citations that extended to magazines and other non-peer reviewed sources...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830254/clinical-research-informatics-contributions-from-2015
#14
C Daniel, R Choquet
OBJECTIVES: To summarize key contributions to current research in the field of Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) and to select best papers published in 2015. METHOD: A bibliographic search using a combination of MeSH and free terms search over PubMed on Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) was performed followed by a double-blind review in order to select a list of candidate best papers to be then peer-reviewed by external reviewers. A consensus meeting between the two section editors and the editorial team was finally organized to conclude on the selection of best papers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830240/human-factors-and-organizational-issues-in-2015-the-increasing-complexity-of-the-healthcare-domain-calls-for-more-comprehensive-approaches
#15
S Pelayo, R Santos
OBJECTIVE: To summarize significant research contributions on human factors and organizational issues in medical informatics published in 2015. METHODS: An extensive search using PubMed/Medline and Web of Science® was conducted to identify the scientific contributions published in 2015 that address human factors and organizational issues in medical informatics. The selection process comprised three steps: (i) 15 candidate best papers were first selected by the two section editors, (ii) external reviewers from internationally renowned research teams reviewed each candidate best paper, and (iii) the final selection of five best papers was conducted by the editorial board of the Yearbook...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830235/unintended-consequences-new-problems-new-solutions-contributions-from-2015
#16
R Koppel, Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: To select the best of the 2015 published papers on unintended consequences of healthcare information technology (HIT). METHOD: Literature searches in several areas of scholarship, including IT, human factors, evaluation studies, medical errors, medical informatics, and implementation science. Also, because the specific terms "unintended consequences" were not often included in abstracts and titles, a more nuanced search algorithm was developed. RESULTS: We identified 754 papers that had some empirical research on unintended consequences of HIT...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830233/health-informatics-in-developing-countries-a-review-of-unintended-consequences-of-it-implementations-as-they-affect-patient-safety-and-recommendations-on-how-to-address-them
#17
C Otero, A A Almerares, D Luna, A Marcelo, M Househ, H Mandirola
BACKGROUND: Patient safety concerns every healthcare organization. Adoption of Health information technology (HIT) appears to have the potential to address this issue, however unanticipated and undesirable consequences from implementing HIT could lead to new and more complex hazards. This could be particularly problematic in developing countries, where regulations, policies and implementations are few, less standandarized and in some cases almost non-existing. METHODS: Based on the available information and our own experience, we conducted a review of unintended consequences of HIT implementations, as they affect patient safety in developing countries...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830232/improving-evaluation-to-address-the-unintended-consequences-of-health-information-technology-a-position-paper-from-the-working-group-on-technology-assessment-quality-development
#18
F Magrabi, E Ammenwerth, H Hyppönen, N de Keizer, P Nykänen, M Rigby, P Scott, J Talmon, A Georgiou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With growing use of IT by healthcare professionals and patients, the opportunity for any unintended effects of technology to disrupt care health processes and outcomes is intensified. The objectives of this position paper by the IMIA Working Group (WG) on Technology Assessment and Quality Development are to highlight how our ongoing initiatives to enhance evaluation are also addressing the unintended consequences of health IT. METHODS: Review of WG initiatives Results: We argue that an evidence-based approach underpinned by rigorous evaluation is fundamental to the safe and effective use of IT, and for detecting and addressing its unintended consequences in a timely manner...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830228/methods-for-addressing-technology-induced-errors-the-current-state
#19
E Borycki, J W Dexheimer, C Hullin Lucay Cossio, Y Gong, S Jensen, J Kaipio, S Kennebeck, E Kirkendall, A W Kushniruk, C Kuziemsky, R Marcilly, R Röhrig, K Saranto, Y Senathirajah, J Weber, H Takeda
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper are to review and discuss the methods that are being used internationally to report on, mitigate, and eliminate technology-induced errors. METHODS: The IMIA Working Group for Health Informatics for Patient Safety worked together to review and synthesize some of the main methods and approaches associated with technology- induced error reporting, reduction, and mitigation. The work involved a review of the evidence-based literature as well as guideline publications specific to health informatics...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788866/editorial-on-emerging-trends-and-technologies-in-healthcare-in-conjunction-to-the-1st-international-saudi-health-informatics-conference-held-in-riyadh-12-14-april-2016
#20
EDITORIAL
Ahmed I Albarrak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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