keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic osteomyelitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783235/-statistical-information-about-the-inflammatory-processes-of-the-jaw-facial-part-in-children
#1
Pavlo I Tkachenko, Serhii O Bilokon, Nataliia M Lokhmatova, Vitalina O Dobroskok, Olha B Dolenko, Nataliia M Korotych, Yuliia V Popelo
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The acute and chronic inflammatory processes prevail in the structure of the dental surgical diseases in children. Notably, various forms of lymphadenitis, adenophlegmon and odontogenous osteomyelitis dominate in the specialized surgical units; however, it is not possible to resolve a number of organizational problems without clear understanding of the statistical situation. The aim: The paper is aimed at the analysis of the incidence rate of major nosological forms of the acute suppurative inflammations of the maxillofacial area in children for the prospective planning of arrangements to provide them with high-quality specialized care...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782813/actinomycotic-osteomyelitis-of-the-mandible-diagnosed-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-a-case-report
#2
Shinsuke Yamamoto, Hiroshi Takegawa, Naoki Taniike, Toshihiko Takenobu
Actinomycosis is a rare, chronic, slowly progressive granulomatous disease caused by filamentous gram-positive anaerobic bacteria from the Actinomycetaceae family (genus Actinomyces). It has become a rare condition because of the widespread use of antibiotics. When clinical symptoms are not typical, diagnosis of this condition becomes difficult. This report describes a case involving an 82-year-old woman who was diagnosed with actinomycotic osteomyelitis of the mandible using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780794/pediatric-scurvy-when-contemporary-eating-habits-bring-back-the-past
#3
Alice Brambilla, Cristina Pizza, Donatella Lasagni, Lucia Lachina, Massimo Resti, Sandra Trapani
Vitamin C deficiency is anecdotal in developed countries, mainly associated with underling clinical morbidities as autism or neurological impairment. Chronic insufficient dietary supply is responsible for vascular fragility and impaired bone formation, resulting in gingival bleeding, petechial lesions, articular and bone pain or limb swelling. Children may present anorexia, irritability, failure to thrive, limping or refusal to walk. Accordingly, pediatric scurvy is frequently misdiagnosed with osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, bone and soft tissue tumor, leukemia, bleeding disorders, and rheumatologic conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776891/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-in-pediatrics-a-diagnostic-challenge
#4
N Roig-Abraham, M Méndez-Hernández, M Martínez-Morillo
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory disease that presents with aseptic bone inflammation and can be accompanied by multisystemic symptoms. We present the case of a 14-year-old male with a 2-week history of pain located at the tibial metaphysis and fever. X-ray revealed a lytic lesion in the tibial metaphysis. MRI revealed an intramedullary bone lesion with perilesional bone oedema. CT-guided biopsy discounted malignancy and microbiological cultures were negative. The patient's symptoms and fever worsened after the biopsy; therefore antibiotherapy was commenced for a suspected superinfection...
May 15, 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776425/combined-application-of-latissimus-dorsi-myocutaneous-flap-and-iliac-bone-flap-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-osteomyelitis-of-the-lower-extremity
#5
Jihui Ju, Lei Li, Rong Zhou, Ruixing Hou
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (stage I) combined with iliac bone flap (stage II) in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis of the lower extremity. METHODS: Clinical data of 18 patients undergoing latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in combination with iliac bone flap grafting were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 2 patients developed chronic osteomyelitis of the lower segment of the femur, 4 were diagnosed with chronic osteomyelitis of the tibial plateau, and 12 with chronic osteomyelitis of the lower segment of the tibia...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775082/profile-of-renal-aa-amyloidosis-in-older-and-younger-individuals-a-single-centre-experience
#6
Siyar Erdogmus, Zeynep Kendi Celebi, Serkan Akturk, Gizem Kumru, Neval Duman, Kenan Ates, Sehsuvar Erturk, Gokhan Nergizoglu, Sim Kutlay, Sule Sengul, Kenan Keven
OBJECTIVE: In epidemiological studies of amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis from Turkey, the most frequently cause was familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and it occurs generally in young age population. However, there are no sufficient data regarding aetiology, clinical presentation and prognosis of renal AA amyloidosis in advanced age patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate demographic, clinical presentation, aetiology and outcomes of adults aged 60 years or older patients with biopsy-proven renal AA amyloidosis...
May 18, 2018: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772988/combined-labeled-leukocyte-and-technicium-99-sulfur-colloid-bone-marrow-imaging-differentiating-primary-pyomyositis-pseudotumor-from-osteomyelitis-and-multiple-bone-infarcts
#7
Paul W Perdue, Allison B Spitzer, Dipal Chatterjee, Srinivas Kolla, Aditya V Maheshwari
A 53 year old-female patient with lupus had undergone a cephalo-medullary nailing for a femur shaft fracture 30 years ago. This was complicated by osteomyelitis, requiring multiple debridement procedures and hardware removal. Recently, she developed a painful soft tissue mass in the same region, which was ultimately diagnosed as pyomyositis. Because of chronic bone changes due to her past history, traditional imaging could not differentiate between osteomyelitis infarction and pseudotumor. A combined indium-labeled leukocyte scan with a technetium-99 sulfur colloid marrow scan ruled out osteomyelitis and guided proper treatment without osseous debridement and thus prevented unnecessary cross-contamination of the bone...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755606/chronic-osteomyelitis-bacterial-flora-antibiotic-sensitivity-and-treatment-challenges
#8
Kuzma Jerzy, Hombhanje Francis
Background: Chronic osteomyelitis is a catastrophic sequel of delayed diagnosis of acute osteomyelitis. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine bacterial flora and antibiotic sensitivity, and to evaluate the outcome of an aggressive surgical approach to chronic osteomyelitis. Methods: This is a single surgeon, prospective cohort study on 30 consecutive patients with clinically and radiologically diagnosed chronic osteomyelitis presented to a hospital...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751182/central-nervous-system-actinomycosis-a-clinico-radiological-and-histopathological-analysis
#9
Niveditha Ravindra, Nishanth Sadashiva, Anita Mahadevan, Dhananjay I Bhat, Jitender Saini
INTRODUCTION: Actinomycosis is an uncommon chronic suppurative infection that rarely affects the central nervous system(CNS). It is caused by filamentous Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that is a normal commensal but causes suppurative and granulomatous inflammation following disruption of anatomical barriers. We report the largest series of 17histologically confirmed cases of CNS actinomycosis and review clinical, imaging and histopathological features. METHODS: All histologically confirmed cases of CNS actinomycosis diagnosed between January 2010 and June 2016 were retrieved from the neuropathology records...
May 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745908/local-use-of-granulocyte-macrophages-colony-stimulating-factor-in-treatment-of-chronic-diabetic-neuropathic-ulcer-case-review
#10
E Karlafti, Ch Savopoulos, A Hatzitolios, T Didangelos
One of the main causes of amputations in patients with Diabetes Mellitus patients is a chronic diabetic foot ulcer. The authors present a clinical case and discussion of a successful use of Granulocyte-Macrophages Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) treatment for the promotion of healing of a chronic diabetic foot ulcer. A 65 year-old woman was admitted to the Diabetes Center with complaints of a deep non-healing chronic foot ulcer for the last 18 months. At the examination a 5 cm ulcer on the plantar surface of the right foot was revealed...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744230/skull-base-osteomyelitis-from-otitis-media-presenting-as-the-collet-sicard-syndrome
#11
Wong-Kein Low, Hui-Ling Lhu
Skull base osteomyelitis can involve the jugular foramen and its associated cranial nerves resulting in specific clinical syndromes. The Collet-Sicard syndrome describes the clinical manifestations of palsies involving cranial nerves IX, X, XI, and XII. We present a rare atypical case of skull base osteomyelitis originating from infection of the middle ear and causing the Collet-Sicard syndrome. Caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae , this occurred in an elderly diabetic man subsequent to retention of a cotton swab in an ear with chronic suppurative otitis media...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739668/whole-genome-comparison-of-high-and-low-virulent-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-inducing-implant-associated-bone-infections
#12
Gopala Krishna Mannala, Julian Koettnitz, Walid Mohamed, Ursula Sommer, Katrin Susanne Lips, Cathrin Spröer, Boyke Bunk, Jörg Overmann, Torsten Hain, Christian Heiss, Eugen Domann, Volker Alt
Staphylococcus aureus can cause wide range of infections from simple soft skin infections to severe endocarditis, bacteremia, osteomyelitis and implant associated bone infections (IABI). The focus of the present investigation was to study virulence properties of S. aureus isolates from acute and chronic IABI by means of their in vivo lethality, in vitro osteoblasts invasion, biofilm formation and subsequently whole genome comparison between high and low virulent strains. Application of insect infection model Galleria mellonella revealed high, intermediate and low virulence phenotypes of these clinical isolates, which showed good correlation with osteoblast invasion and biofilm formation assays...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738025/oral-infection-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-patient-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-case-report
#13
Luana Carneiro Diniz Souza, Fernanda Ferreira Lopes, Eider Guimarães Bastos, Cláudia Maria Coelho Alves
Chronic renal patients are more susceptible to hospital complications and infections such as urinary tract infections, peritonitis, surgery infections, and bacteremia, which are often caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A case of a HIV-positive girl with chronic kidney disease and with serious oral lesions due to P. aeruginosa septic shock is presented. The patient showed necrotic lesions in the oral mucosa, pathological tooth mobility, bone loss, and hematogenous osteomyelitis in the maxilla. The patient was submitted to systemic antibiotic therapy based on screening culture and treatment of bone lesions by eliminating the causal agent and restoring health conditions...
April 19, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727410/improved-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-bone-and-joint-infections-using-an-evidence-based-treatment-guideline
#14
Rachel D Quick, John Williams, Marisol Fernandez, Hilton Gottschalk, Peter Cosgrove, Kyle Kahlden, Kathryn Merkel, Lynn Thoreson, Patrick Boswell, Sarmistha B Hauger
BACKGROUND: Our institution created a multidisciplinary guideline for treatment of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO) and septic arthritis (SA) in response to updates in evidence-based literature in the field and existing provider variability in treatment. This guideline aims to improve the care of these patients by standardizing diagnosis and treatment and incorporating up to date evidence-based research into practice. The primary objective of this study is to compare cases before versus after the implementation of the guideline to determine concrete effects the guideline has had in the care of patients with AHO and SA...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725580/salient-features-and-outcomes-of-charcot-foot-an-often-overlooked-diabetic-complication-a-17-year-experience-at-a-diabetic-center-in-bangkok
#15
Yotsapon Thewjitcharoen, Jeeraphan Sripatpong, Wyn Parksook, Sirinate Krittiyawong, Sriurai Porramatikul, Taweesak Srikummoon, Somkiet Mahaudomporn, Soontaree Nakasatien, Thep Himathongkam
Background: Charcot foot is a rare but a serious diabetic condition. Recognition of this often overlooked condition to provide timely and proper management is important for a better prognosis. Limited data on Charcot foot was available in Asians. Aims: The aim of this study is to describe salient features and outcomes of Charcot foot in Thai patients. Method: We presented our experience of 40 cases of Charcot foot patients who were treated from 2000 to 2016 at Theptarin Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723617/cd14-monocytes-contribute-to-inflammation-in-chronic-nonbacterial-osteomyelitis-cno-through-increased-nlrp3-inflammasome-expression
#16
D Brandt, E Sohr, J Pablik, A Schnabel, F Kapplusch, K Mäbert, J H Girschick, H Morbach, F Thielemann, S R Hofmann, C M Hedrich
The pathophysiology of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) remains incompletely understood. Increased NLRP3 inflammasome activation and IL-1β release in monocytes from CNO patients was suggested to contribute to bone inflammation. Here, we dissect immune cell infiltrates and demonstrate the involvement of monocytes across disease stages. Differences in cell density and immune cell composition may help to discriminate between BOM and CNO. However, differences are subtle and infiltrates vary in CNO. In contrast to other cells involved, monocytes are a stable element during all stages of CNO, which makes them a promising candidate in the search for "drivers" of inflammation...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721598/current-utilization-and-procedural-practices-in-pediatric-whole-body-mri
#17
Gary R Schooler, Joseph T Davis, Heike E Daldrup-Link, Donald P Frush
BACKGROUND: Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an evolving and increasingly powerful imaging tool with a variety of applications in the pediatric patient population. Variability exists among radiology practices in how this MRI tool is used and how it performed. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to gain an improved understanding of technical and utilization practices in pediatric whole-body MRI across North America by exploring indications for exam performance, determining referral patterns, and assessing technical protocols and procedures...
May 2, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718410/the-multifaceted-presentation-of-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-a-series-of-486-cases-from-the-eurofever-international-registry
#18
Hermann Girschick, Martina Finetti, Francesca Orlando, Susanne Schalm, Antonella Insalaco, Gerd Ganser, Susan Nielsen, Troels Herlin, Isabelle Koné-Paut, Silvana Martino, Marco Cattalini, Jordi Anton, Sulaiman Mohammed Al-Mayouf, Michael Hofer, Pierre Quartier, Christina Boros, Jasmin Kuemmerle-Deschner, Denise Pires Marafon, Maria Alessio, Tobias Schwarz, Nicolino Ruperto, Alberto Martini, Annette Jansson, Marco Gattorno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695061/use-of-leukocyte-platelet-l-prf-rich-fibrin-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer-with-osteomyelitis-three-clinical-cases-report
#19
Alessandro Crisci, Giuseppe Marotta, Anna Licito, Edda Serra, Giulio Benincasa, Michela Crisci
In this study, the use of fibrin rich in leukocytes and platelets (L-PRF) was explored to heal osteomyelitis ulcers in a diabetic foot. The goal was to standardize the utilization of L-PRF in patients with osteomyelitis to direct it for healing. L-PRF was obtained autologously from the peripheral blood of the diabetic patients ( n = 3) having osteomyelitis and skin lesions for at least six months. The L-PRF and supernatant serum were inserted into the skin lesion to the bone after a surgical debridement. The evolution of lesions over time was analyzed...
April 24, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672809/sapho-and-crmo-the-value-of-imaging
#20
Anne Grethe Jurik, Rikke Fuglsang Klicman, Paolo Simoni, Philip Robinson, James Teh
The syndromes synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) constitute a group of chronic relapsing inflammatory osteoarticular disorders with frequently associated skin eruptions such as palmoplantar pustulosis and acne conglobata and rather characteristic imaging features in the form of osteitis and/or hyperostosis. CRMO predominantly occurs in children/adolescents and SAPHO in adults. Any skeletal site can be involved, and the imaging appearances vary, depending on the patient's age and the stage/age of the lesion...
April 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
keyword
keyword
45057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"