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Ovarian stimulation protocol

Saihua Ma, Ruihong Ma, Tian Xia, Masoud Afnan, Xueru Song, Fengqin Xu, Guimin Hao, Fangfang Zhu, Jingpei Han, Zhimei Zhao
BACKGROUND: Women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) who have a predicted poor ovarian response (POR) present a challenge for reproductive medicine specialists. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is commonly used in China for such patients, in the belief that it will improve the ovarian response and ultimately increase pregnancy rates. However, there is a lack of high-quality evidence about the effect of TCM on improving ovarian response in such patients...
February 20, 2018: Trials
Ronit Beck-Fruchter, Israel Gavish, Shira Baram, Yoel Geslevich, Amir Weiss
OBJECTIVE: Thromboelastography (TEG) is a viscoelastic test of hemostasis which allows measurement of the processes of clot initiation, propagation, stabilization, and dissolution in real time. In this study we aimed to evaluate the alterations in coagulation as measured by TEG during In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) stimulation cycles and to investigate whether final oocyte maturation with recombinant hCG (rhCG) versus GnRH agonist results in a different coagulation state. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective observational study which included fifty-three normogonadotrophic women...
February 10, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Krishna Deepika, Pookilath Baiju, Praneesh Gautham, Rathore Suvarna, Vohra Arveen, Rao Kamini
Objective: Is a single dose of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) trigger to induce final oocyte maturation in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles with GnRH antagonist protocol sufficient to provide optimal oocyte maturity? Design: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, proof-of-concept study. Setting: This study was carried out at a tertiary care center. Material and Methods: A total of 125 patients diagnosed with PCOS defined as per the ESHRE/ASRM Rotterdam criteria (2003) undergoing IVF in antagonist protocol were randomized into two groups...
October 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
Bailing Jin, Zhihong Niu, Bufang Xu, Qian Chen, Aijun Zhang
This study aimed to determine whether consecutive ovarian stimulation in follicular and luteal phases within a single menstrual cycle (dual stimulation) is achievable and superior to conventional stimulation for poor ovarian responders (PORs). Data of 260 PORs were retrospectively collected and divided into three groups. Group A comprised of cycles with dual ovarian stimulation (n = 76), which were divided into two subgroups (follicular [group A-F] and luteal phase stimulation [group A-L]); group B comprised of cycles with ovarian stimulation that was performed only in the luteal phase (n = 52)...
February 6, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Ramaraju G A, Ravikrishna Cheemakurthi, Kavitha Prathigudupu, Kavitha Lakshmi Balabomma, Madan Kalagara, Sivanarayana Thota, Muralikrishna Kota
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of N312S polymorphism in the LHCGR gene as a predictive pharmacogenetic marker on clinical and embryological parameters and determining the need of r-hLH supplementation combine with r-hFSH in patients undergoing ART treatment. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, a retrospective analysis of women (n = 553), who underwent controlled ovarian stimulation treatment protocol was conducted during the years 2012-2014...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
P H Santos, R A Satrapa, P K Fontes, F F Franchi, E M Razza, F Mani, M F G Nogueira, C M Barros, A C S Castilho
To better understand the impact of ovarian superstimulation on bovine follicular microenvironment, Nelore cows (Bos taurus indicus) were subjected to ovarian superstimulation with follicle stimulating hormone (FSH, n = 10; P-36 protocol) or FSH combined with eCG (n = 10; P-36/eCG protocol). Follicular fluid was analyzed for cholesterol concentration. Granulosa cells were analyzed by RT-qPCR to assess the expression of genes involved in steroidogenic and ovulatory and expression of microRNAs involved in final follicular development and luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor (LHCGR) expression...
January 11, 2018: Theriogenology
Marzieh Aghahosseini, Ashraf Aleyasin, Venus Chegini, Victoria Chegini
Background: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic complication, which can cause high morbidity and mortality. Use of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist instead of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in GnRH antagonist cycles causes luteinizing hormone surge by GnRH stimulation which reduces the risk of OHSS by reducing the total amount of gonadotropin; however, there is no possibility of transferring fresh embryos. Objective: The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of hCG along with GnRH agonist administration in the occurrence of OHSS and pregnancy rate in females undergoing in vitro fertilization...
November 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Po-Kai Yang, Ming-Yih Wu, Kuang-Han Chao, Chin-Hao Chang, Mei-Jou Chen, Shee-Uan Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The role of LH during controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) in the general population remains contentious. There is no consensus on the indications for LH supplementation during COS. The purpose of this study is to determine whether menotropin supplement is associated with decreases in early pregnancy loss rates in patients exhibiting low endogenous LH during COS. METHOD: This is a single-center, retrospective cohort from a university-affiliated hospital...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Jesper Friis Petersen, Anders Nyboe Andersen, Bjarke Mirner Klein, Lisbeth Helmgaard, Joan-Carles Arce
Research has focused on optimizing luteal phase support and endometrial receptivity in ovarian stimulation cycles. In this study, serial endocrine measurements were taken in 600 patients after a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist stimulation protocol. On the day of blastocyst transfer, serum progesterone and oestradiol were similar irrespective of a subsequent positive or negative pregnancy test (median 99 ng/ml versus 103 ng/ml for progesterone, respectively) or a subsequent live birth or pregnancy loss...
January 17, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Manish Banker, Azadeh Patel, Ashwini Deshmukh, Sandeep Shah
Introduction: Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is one of the most commonly performed procedure of assisted reproductive technology, for the treatment of infertility. Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation is an important first step while performing IUI. This study aims at establishing a relationship between stimulation protocol and pregnancy outcome following IUI. Methods: This is a retrospective study of 1001 cycles of IUI in which the patients were divided into two groups: Group A Clomiphene citrate (CC only) and Group B Clomiphene citrate and Gonadotropin or Gonadotropin alone(CC+GN OR GN alone)...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Dimitrios Karayiannis, Meropi D Kontogianni, Christina Mendorou, Minas Mastrominas, Nikos Yiannakouris
STUDY QUESTION: Is adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) associated with better IVF performance in women attempting fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Greater adherence to the MedDiet, defined using the validated Mediterranean diet score (MedDietScore), was associated with a higher likelihood of achieving clinical pregnancy and live birth among non-obese women <35 years of age. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Diet impacts fertility and certain nutrients and food groups appear to have a greater effect on reproductive health, but there are relatively few published data on the role of dietary patterns, and the MedDiet in particular, on assisted reproductive performance...
January 30, 2018: Human Reproduction
Ilhan Sanverdi, Enis Ozkaya, Suna Kabil Kucur, Dilsat Bilen, MeryemKurek Eken, Bulent Emre Bilgic
OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictive value of antral follicle diameter variance within each ovary for ovarian response in cases with normal ovarian reserve tests. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. One hundred and thirty nine infertile women who underwent ART in IVF-ICSI unit of Zeynep Kamil women and children's Health Training and research hospital between January 2017 to June 2017 were recruited. Blood samples were collected on day 2/day 3 for assessment of serum FSH and estradiol...
January 31, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Amirrtha Srikanthan, Eitan Amir, Philippe Bedard, Meredith Giuliani, David Hodgson, Stephanie Laframboise, Anca Prica, Karen Yee, Ellen Greenblatt, Jeremy Lewin, Abha Gupta
Increasing accessibility of fertility preservation (FP) options has permitted women to retain fertility following anticancer therapies. Several published guidelines have made recommendations for FP however their implementation into practice is currently unknown. In this review, we aim to provide oncology clinicians practical information about FP options for post-pubescent female cancer patients and recommendations for care delivery in order to answer preliminary questions and help triage whether FP referral is appropriate...
January 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Hwajeong Lee, Hyun Joung Choi, Kwang Moon Yang, Min Jung Kim, Sun Hwa Cha, Hyun Jeong Yi
Objectives: We investigated whether luteal estrogen administration and an early follicular Gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (E/G-ant) priming protocol improves clinical outcomes in poor responders to controlled ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer, and identified underlying mechanisms. Methods: This restrospective study consisted of 65 poor responders who underwent the E/G-ant priming protocol. Sixty-four other poor responders undergoing conventional protocols without pretreatment were included as the control group...
January 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Xiaoning Bi, Jingjing Zhang, Dongyan Cao, Hengzi Sun, Fengzhi Feng, Xirun Wan, Yang Xiang, Ling Qiu, Xinqi Cheng, Jiaxin Yang, Keng Shen
Purpose: To assess the ovarian reserve of patients with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) treated with chemotherapy by evaluating serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels before, during, and after chemotherapy. Results: The basal AMH level (mean: 3.98 ± 3.20 ng/mL) negatively correlated with age, while the basal FSH level (mean: 5.71 ± 9.69 mIU/mL) had no correlation with age. After 3 chemotherapy cycles, serum AMH levels decreased and FSH levels increased...
December 26, 2017: Oncotarget
Ludmila Bercaire, Sara Mb Nogueira, Priscila Cm Lima, Vanessa R Alves, Nilka Donadio, Artur Dzik, Mario Cavagna, Renato Fanchin
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess a novel protocol designed to improve poor ovarian response through intra-ovarian androgenization. The endpoints were: number of oocytes and mature oocytes retrieved, fertilization, cancellation and pregnancy rates. METHODS: This prospective crossover study enrolled poor responders from previous ovarian stimulation cycles submitted to a novel protocol called ANDRO-IVF. The protocol included pretreatment with transdermal AndroGel(r) (Besins) 25 mg, oral letrozole 2...
January 5, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
Sha Yu, Hui Long, Hannah Ya-Ning Chang, Yali Liu, Hongyuan Gao, Jing Zhu, Xinxin Quan, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang, Ai Ai
STUDY QUESTION: Can dydrogesterone (DYG) be used as an alternative progestin in a progesterone primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) protocol? SUMMARY ANSWER: DYG can be used as an appropriate alternative progestin in a PPOS protocol. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PPOS is a new ovarian stimulation regimen based on a freeze-all strategy that uses progestin as an alternative to a GnRH analog for suppressing a premature LH surge during the follicular phase...
December 29, 2017: Human Reproduction
Kira Lynn Marshall, Rocío Melissa Rivera
A societal preference of delaying maternal age at first childbirth has increased reliance on assisted reproductive technologies/therapies (ART) to conceive a child. Oocytes that have undergone physiologic aging (≥35 years for humans) are now commonly used for ART, yet evidence is building that suboptimal reproductive environments associated with aging negatively affect oocyte competence and embryo development - although the mechanisms underlying these relationship are not yet well understood. Epigenetic programming of the oocyte occurs during its growth within a follicle, so the ovarian stimulation protocols that administer exogenous hormones, as part of the first step for all ART procedures, may prevent the gamete from establishing an appropriate epigenetic state...
December 27, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Matheus Roque, Marcello Valle, Marcos Sampaio, Selmo Geber
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the freeze-all strategy affects in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes in poor ovarian responders following the Bologna criteria. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study conducted between January 2012 and December 2016. A total of 433 poor responders (per the Bologna criteria) fulfilled the inclusion/exclusion criteria and were included in the study, with 277 patients included in the fresh group and 156 in the freeze-all group...
December 27, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Ilhan Sanverdi, Huseyin Tayfun Kutlu, Bulent Emre Bilgic, Adnan Incebiyik
To compare the effect of the different protocols in patients receiving in vitro fertilization treatment due to poor ovarian response. Seventy-seven of the patients included in the study were treated with gonadotropin (450 IU) + GnRH antagonist (group 1), 84 of the patients were treated with gonadotropin (450 IU) + microdose GnRH analog (group 2), and 53 of the patients were treated with clomiphene citrate (100 mg/day) + gonadotropin (300 IU) + GnRH antagonist (Group 3). In assessing total gonadotropin dosage, patients in Group 3 detected significantly less gonadotropin as compared to the other two groups (p < ...
December 19, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
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