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3 dimensional reconstruction

Wenhao Song, Dongsheng Zhou, Yu He
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical characteristics between bilateral and unilateral lumbo-iliac fixation in unilateral comminuted sacral fractures (USF) by finite element analysis. METHODS: A 3-dimensional finite element model of unilateral sacral fractures was simulated. Three kinds of implants were instrumented into the model, including the unilateral lumbopelvic fixation (ULF), bilateral lumbopelvic fixation (BLF), and unilateral iliac fixation with bilateral lumbar pedicle screws (UBF)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zhongmin Wang, Yuhao Liu, Yu Xu, Chuanyu Gao, Yan Chen, Hongxing Luo
BACKGROUND: WE AIMED TO PROSPECTIVELY EVALUATE THE: use of 3-dimensional printing (3DP) for the percutaneous transcatheter closure of a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) with rim deficiency less than 5 mm. METHODS: Patients with ASD were scanned using multi-slice computed tomography to acquire raw data for virtual 3DP reconstruction models. Different ASD occluders were tried on the 3DP models to select the optimal size for intraoperative use. The patients were followed up 1 month postoperatively, and 3DP models were again manufactured to observe the operative effects...
October 17, 2016: Cardiology Journal
H Mike Kim, Colin R Andrews, Evan P Roush, Gregory I Pace, Gregory S Lewis
BACKGROUND: Double-strand lateral ulnar collateral ligament (LUCL) reconstruction is an effective treatment for posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) of the elbow, but anatomic landmarks for ulnar tunnel placement are often difficult to identify intraoperatively, which potentially can result in a nonanatomic LUCL reconstruction. This study investigated the effect of ulnar tunnel location on joint stability in double-strand LUCL reconstruction. METHODS: PLRI was artificially created in 7 cadaveric elbows, and double-strand LUCL reconstruction was performed...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Chuan-Han Chen, Jeon-Hor Chen, Hung-Chieh Chen, Jyh-Wen Chai, Po-Lin Chen, Clayton Chi-Cheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) relies on the ability of medical staff to recognize cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage at the spine. However, difficulties with interobserver discrepancy sometimes occurred while reading magnetic resonance myelography (MRM) because clear image definition was lacking. In this study, we tried to determine which pattern of CSF distribution is more reliable for diagnosis of CSF leakage by using MRM. METHODS: From January 2012 to August 2014, 19 SIH patients and 27 healthy controls (HC) were recruited into our study; 10 of the 19 patients were recovered (SIH-R) after treatment...
October 12, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Simon P Overeem, Johannes T Boersen, Richte C L Schuurmann, Erik Groot Jebbink, Cornelis H Slump, Michel M P J Reijnen, Jean-Paul P M de Vries
OBJECTIVE: Gutters can be described as the loss of continuous apposition between the main body of the endograft, the chimney stent graft, and the aortic wall. Gutters have been associated with increased risk of type IA endoleaks and are considered to be the Achilles' heel of chimney endovascular aneurysm repair (ch-EVAR). However, there is no classification yet to classify and quantify gutter types after ch-EVAR. METHODS: Different gutter types can be distinguished by their morphologic appearance in two- and three-dimensional views and reconstructed slices perpendicular to the center lumen line...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Tobias Heer, Stephanie Reiter, Markus Trißler, Berthold Höfling, Florian von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff, Günter Pilz
PURPOSE: To systematically investigate the effect of sublingual glyceryl trinitrate (nitroglycerin=nitro=glyceryl trinitrate=GTN=C3 H5 N3 O9 [NTG]) on the diagnostic performance of MR coronary artery imaging (MRCA) to detect relevant coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five healthy volunteers and 25 patients with suspected or proven CAD (all in sinus rhythm) underwent MRCA before and after NTG using a contrast-agent free, three-dimensional, navigator-based, steady state free precession acquisition (voxel size 1...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Julien Clément, Jérémie Ménard, Maxime Raison, Jennifer Dumais, Laura Dubois, Dominique M Rouleau
BACKGROUND: Although recurrent anterior shoulder instability (RASI) is a common condition in young patients, no studies to date have measured the 3-dimensional (3D) locked position of the glenohumeral joint during an anterior dislocation. Therefore, our goal was to estimate it with 3D computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: Patients in this prospective observational study were separated in 3 groups: normal laxity, hyperlaxity, and epilepsy. They were characterized by questionnaires (Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index, 11-item version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, and Beighton Laxity Score), and a CT scan revealing bipolar bone defects...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
L Bond, B Schulz, T VanMeter, R C G Martin
INTRODUCTION: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) uses multiple needles and a series of electrical pulses to create pores in cell membranes and cause cell apoptosis. One of the demands of IRE is the precise needle spacing required. Two-dimensional intraoperative ultrasound (2-D iUS) is currently used to measure inter-needle distances but requires significant expertise. This study evaluates the potential of three-dimensional (3-D) image guidance for placing IRE needles and calculating needle spacing...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Thomas Suter, Christopher W Kolz, Robert Z Tashjian, Heath B Henninger, Ariane Gerber Popp
BACKGROUND: The best chance that a shoulder arthroplasty will restore motion and muscle balance across the glenohumeral joint is by closely replicating natural articular morphology. Defining the humeral osteotomy plane along clear landmarks at the anatomic neck is critical. We hypothesized that a new osteotomy, based on alternative landmarks on the anatomic neck, would restore 3-dimensional humeral head morphology more reliably than the traditional osteotomy. METHODS: The anatomic neck was digitized in 30 human cadaver shoulders and compared with its 3-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
N-X Bonne, F Dubrulle, M Risoud, C Vincent
The surgical management of skull base lesions is difficult due to the complex anatomy of the region and the intimate relations between the lesion and adjacent nerves and vessels. Minimally invasive approaches are increasingly used in skull base surgery to ensure an optimal functional prognosis. Three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) reconstruction facilitates surgical planning by visualizing the anatomical relations of the lesions in all planes (arteries, veins, nerves, inner ear) and simulation of the surgical approach in the operating position...
October 5, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Zhiguo Yuan, Shuyun Liu, Chunxiang Hao, Weimin Guo, Shuang Gao, Mingjie Wang, Mingxue Chen, Zhen Sun, Yichi Xu, Yu Wang, Jiang Peng, Mei Yuan, Quan-Yi Guo
Tissue-engineered meniscus regeneration is a very promising treatment strategy for meniscus lesions. However, generating the scaffold presents a huge challenge for meniscus engineering as this has to meet particular biomechanical and biocompatibility requirements. In this study, we utilized acellular meniscus extracellular matrix (AMECM) and demineralized cancellous bone (DCB) to construct three different types of three-dimensional porous meniscus scaffold: AMECM, DCB, and AMECM/DCB, respectively. We tested the scaffolds' physicochemical characteristics and observed their interactions with meniscus fibrochondrocytes to evaluate their cytocompatibility...
September 28, 2016: Biomaterials
John H R Burns, Theodore Alexandrov, Katya Ovchinnikova, Ruth D Gates, Misaki Takabayashi
Ten annotated 3D reconstructions of Montipora capitata coral colonies contain x,y,z coordinates for all growth anomaly (GA) lesions affecting these corals. The 3D reconstructions are available as Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) files, and the GA lesions coordinates are in accompanying text files. The VRML models and GA lesion coordinates can be spatially analyzed using Matlab. Matlab scripts are provided for three spatial statistical procedures in order to assess clustering of the GA lesions across the coral colony surfaces in a 3D framework: Ripley׳s K, Moran׳s I, and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Cenan Hepdurgun, Özgün Özalay, Seda Eroğlu, Irmak Polat Nazlı, Ömer Kitiş, Ali Saffet Gönül
The majority of the research studying the prefrontal region has focused on gray matter injury. However, recent studies show that damage to white matter also contributes to the development of cognitive impairment after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Through the use of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), it is now possible to assess the white matter fiber pathways between brain regions. With Diffusion Tensor Tractography (DTT), fibers of interest can be three dimensionally reconstructed and associated measurements can be performed...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Jason T Hamamoto, Timothy Leroux, Jorge Chahla, Sanjeev Bhatia, John D Higgins, Anthony A Romeo, Adam B Yanke, Nikhil N Verma
The preoperative assessment of anterior glenoid bone loss is a critical step in surgical planning for patients with recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability. The structural integrity of the glenoid has been identified as one of the most important factors influencing the success of operative repair. The currently accepted gold standard for glenoid structural assessment among most orthopaedic surgeons is the use of 3-dimensional reconstructed computed tomography images with the humeral head digitally subtracted, yielding an en face sagittal oblique view of the glenoid...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Alexandra J Burgess, Renata Retkute, Simon P Preston, Oliver E Jensen, Michael P Pound, Tony P Pridmore, Erik H Murchie
Physical perturbation of a plant canopy brought about by wind is a ubiquitous phenomenon and yet its biological importance has often been overlooked. This is partly due to the complexity of the issue at hand: wind-induced movement (or mechanical excitation) is a stochastic process which is difficult to measure and quantify; plant motion is dependent upon canopy architectural features which, until recently, were difficult to accurately represent and model in 3-dimensions; light patterning throughout a canopy is difficult to compute at high-resolutions, especially when confounded by other environmental variables...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Michel P Bonnin, Tom Van Hoof, Arnoud De Kok, Matthias Verstraete, Catherine Van der Straeten, Moreno Saffarini, Jan Victor
BACKGROUND: In Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA), residual pain may be secondary to soft tissue impingements, which are difficult to visualize around chromium-cobalt implants using medical imaging, so their interactions remain poorly understood. The goal of this work was to establish a protocol for in-vitro imaging of the soft tissues around TKA, usable during throughout the range of motion (ROM). METHODS: The full size range of a commercially available TKA prosthesis was manufactured by 3D-printing in non-magnetic and non-radiopaque polymer and implanted in 12 cadaveric knees...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Julie Hamaide, Geert De Groof, Gwendolyn Van Steenkiste, Ben Jeurissen, Johan Van Audekerke, Maarten Naeyaert, Lisbeth Van Ruijssevelt, Charlotte Cornil, Jan Sijbers, Marleen Verhoye, Annemie Van der Linden
Zebra finches are an excellent model to study the process of vocal learning, a complex socially-learned tool of communication that forms the basis of spoken human language. So far, structural investigation of the zebra finch brain has been performed ex vivo using invasive methods such as histology. These methods are highly specific, however, they strongly interfere with performing whole-brain analyses and exclude longitudinal studies aimed at establishing causal correlations between neuroplastic events and specific behavioral performances...
September 30, 2016: NeuroImage
Yuya Ishikawa, Atsushi Urikura, Tsukasa Yoshida, Keisuke Takiguchi, Yoshihiro Nakaya
The purpose of this study was to optimize the monitoring dose, obtained using the conventional filtered back projection (FBP) method and iterative reconstruction algorithms, for the bolus tracking technique. A phantom study was performed to assess the effect of the scan start time in patients grouped according to different body weights. An oval torso phantom was used for simulating the time enhancement curve of the bolus tracking technique. To reproduce image noise levels in the two body weight groups, the phantom diameter was adjusted with a water-equivalent material...
September 30, 2016: Radiological Physics and Technology
Noura A Alsufyani, Andy Hess, Michelle Noga, Nilanjan Ray, Mohammed A Q Al-Saleh, Manuel O Lagravère, Paul W Major
INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to assess reliability, validity, and time efficiency of semiautomatic segmentation using Segura software of the nasal and pharyngeal airways, against manual segmentation with point-based analysis with color mapping. METHODS: Pharyngeal and nasal airways from 10 cone-beam computed tomography image sets were segmented manually and semiautomatically using Segura (University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada). To test intraexaminer and interexaminer reliabilities, semiautomatic segmentation was repeated 3 times by 1 examiner and then by 3 examiners...
October 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Liehua Liu, Yong Liang, Hong Zhang, Haoming Wang, Congtao Guo, Xiaobing Pu, Chengmin Zhang, Liyuan Wang, Jian Wang, Yingwen Lv, Zhoukui Ren, Qiang Zhou, Zhongliang Deng
To provide applied anatomical evidence of the preoperative assessment of oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF), the anatomical parameters of the OLIF operative window were observed through computed tomography angiography (CTA). We selected imaging data from 60 adults (30 males, 30 females) who underwent abdominal CTA and T12-S1 vertebral computed tomography (CT) with three-dimensional reconstruction. The OLIF operative windows at the L1-2, L2-3, L3-4, L4-5 and L5-S1 levels were as follows: the vascular window, bare window, psoas major window, ideal operative window, and actual operative window...
2016: PloS One
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