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Social determinents of health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933734/improved-quality-of-life-in-asthma-patients-under-long-term-therapy-assessed-by-ahq-japan
#1
Yuji Tohda, Takashi Iwanaga, Hiroyuki Sano, Hiroaki Kume, Kazuto Hirata, Noriyuki Ohkura, Isao Tachibana, Yoshihiro Nishimura, Hisako Matsumoto, Yoshiaki Minakata, Masanori Yoshikawa, Masaki Fujimura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the effects of long-term management on patient quality of life (QOL) would be extremely useful for determining asthma treatment strategies. However, no studies have evaluated QOL over an extended period of time. This study evaluated the changes in QOL, drug management and disease severity in the same asthma patients at an interval of approximately 9 years. METHODS: We re-surveyed asthma patients enrolled in a survey conducted in 2004 to evaluate the effects of approximately a decade of treatment on disease severity and QOL assessed by the Japanese Asthma Health Questionnaire (AHQ-JAPAN)...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933469/telephone-based-mindfulness-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis
#2
Vasiliki Irene Aivaliotis, Yvonne Lee, Jasmine Zia, Wahid Wassef, Mark Abramson, Walter Park
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) have substantially impaired quality of life (QOL) both physically and mentally. Mindfulness therapy is a form of treatment that has been shown to be beneficial in many medical conditions but has not been evaluated in the CP patient population. AIMS: The aims of this study were (1) to test the feasibility and usability of a novel telephone-based mindfulness therapy service for patients with CP and (2) to determine whether there was any effect on CP quality of life...
December 8, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933235/thailand-s-universal-coverage-scheme-and-its-impact-on-health-seeking-behavior
#3
Seung Chun Paek, Natthani Meemon, Thomas T H Wan
BACKGROUND: Thailand's Universal Coverage Scheme (UCS) has improved healthcare access and utilization since its initial introduction in 2002. However, a substantial proportion of beneficiaries has utilized care outside the UCS boundaries. Because low utilization may be an indication of a policy gap between people's health needs and the services available to them, we investigated the patterns of health-seeking behavior and their social/contextual determinants among UCS beneficiaries in the year 2013...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932822/feasibility-study-assessing-the-efficacy-and-social-acceptability-of-using-dental-hygienist-therapists-as-front-line-clinicians
#4
R Macey, A M Glenny, P Brocklehurst
Background The oral health of the adult population has been improving in the United Kingdom decade upon decade. Over half of dental service activity in the National Health Service (NHS) is limited to a check-up without any further treatment. This raises a question as to whether check-ups could be provided by dental hygienist-therapists, rather than general dental practitioners. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a definitive trial to evaluate the costs and effects of using dental hygienist-therapists to undertake the check-up...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932551/antigen-unmasking-enhances-visualization-efficacy-of-the-oocyte-activation-factor-phospholipase-c-zeta-in-mammalian-sperm
#5
Junaid Kashir, Luke Buntwal, Michail Nomikos, Brian L Calver, Panagiotis Stamatiadis, Peter Ashley, Vyronia Vassilakopoulou, David Sanders, Paul Knaggs, Evangelia Livaniou, Adnan Bunkheila, Karl Swann, F Anthony Lai
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to improve clinical visualization of phospholipase C zeta (PLCζ) as a diagnostic marker of sperm oocyte activation capacity and male fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Poor PLCζ visualization efficacy using current protocols may be due to steric or conformational occlusion of native PLCζ, hindering antibody access, and is significantly enhanced using antigen unmasking/retrieval (AUM) protocols. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mammalian oocyte activation is mediated via a series of intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) oscillations induced by sperm-specific PLCζ...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932343/influence-of-the-day-care-home-and-neighbourhood-environment-on-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-health-protocol-for-the-playce-observational-study
#6
Hayley Christian, Clover Maitland, Stephanie Enkel, Georgina Trapp, Stewart G Trost, Jasper Schipperijn, Bryan Boruff, Leanne Lester, Michael Rosenberg, Stephen R Zubrick
INTRODUCTION: The early years are a critical period in a child's health and development, yet most preschool children fail to meet physical activity guidelines. Outside of the home and neighbourhood, children spend a large proportion of time within early childhood education and care (ECEC) services such as long day care. Research is required to determine how the design of day care outdoor (and indoor) spaces provides opportunities or constraints for physical activity. A significant evidence gap surrounds what objectively measured attributes of the home and neighbourhood environment influence preschoolers' physical activity...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932080/vitamin-c-impacts-anxiety-like-behavior-and-stress-induced-anorexia-relative-to-social-environment-in-smp30-gnl-knockout-mice
#7
Miwako Koizumi, Yoshitaka Kondo, Ayumi Isaka, Akihito Ishigami, Emiko Suzuki
The role of endogenous vitamin C (VC) in emotion and psychiatric measures has long been uncertain. We aimed to investigate how an individual's VC status impacts his or her mental health. Our hypothesis is that body VC levels modulate anxiety, anorexia, and depressive phenotypes under the influence of psychosocial rearing environments and sex. The VC status of senescence marker protein-30/gluconolactonase knockout mice, which lack the ability to synthesize VC, were continuously shifted from adequate (VC+) to depleted (VC-) by providing a water with or without VC...
November 17, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931996/changes-in-the-prevalence-of-cigarette-smoking-and-quitting-smoking-determinants-in-adult-inhabitants-of-rural-areas-in-poland-between-2003-and-2012
#8
B Sozańska, N Pearce, M Błaszczyk, A Boznański, P Cullinan
OBJECTIVES: We investigate trends in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults at all ages in two time points 9 years apart in two neighbouring rural populations and examine social and respiratory health determinants of quitting smoking. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional study. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in the same rural area of lower Silesia in Poland in 2003 and 2012. A total of 1328 (91% of adult eligible individuals) in 2003 and 1449 (92% of eligible) in 2012 adult inhabitants were surveyed, 908 people (560 villagers and 348 town inhabitants) participated in both surveys...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931984/knowledge-about-sources-of-dietary-fibres-and-health-effects-using-a-validated-scale-a-cross-country-study
#9
R P F Guiné, J Duarte, M Ferreira, P Correia, M Leal, I Rumbak, I C Barić, D Komes, Z Satalić, M M Sarić, M Tarcea, Z Fazakas, D Jovanoska, D Vanevski, E Vittadini, N Pellegrini, V Szűcs, J Harangozó, A El-Kenawy, O El-Shenawy, E Yalçın, C Kösemeci, D Klava, E Straumite
OBJECTIVES: Dietary fibre (DF) is one of the components of diet that strongly contributes to health improvements, particularly on the gastrointestinal system. Hence, this work intended to evaluate the relations between some sociodemographic variables such as age, gender, level of education, living environment or country on the levels of knowledge about dietary fibre (KADF), its sources and its effects on human health, using a validated scale. STUDY DESIGN: The present study was a cross-sectional study...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931338/health-care-provider-perspectives-on-tuberculosis-care-for-foreign-born-populations-in-new-york-city
#10
J R Zelnick, M R O'Donnell, S D Ahuja, A Chua, J Sullivan Meissner
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) in foreign-born patients is a key determinant of TB epidemiology in low-burden settings. In New York City (NYC), foreign-born TB populations are heterogeneous and face diverse challenges in accessing care. OBJECTIVE: To characterize barriers and facilitators to health care services and identify potential mechanisms to improve TB care for foreign-born patients in NYC. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews with health care providers identified through the NYC TB registry and snowball sampling...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931214/how-effective-are-volunteers-at-supporting-people-in-their-last-year-of-life-a-pragmatic-randomised-wait-list-trial-in-palliative-care-elsa
#11
Catherine Walshe, Steven Dodd, Matt Hill, Nick Ockenden, Sheila Payne, Nancy Preston, Guillermo Perez Algorta
BACKGROUND: Clinical care alone at the end of life is unlikely to meet all needs. Volunteers are a key resource, acceptable to patients, but there is no evidence on care outcomes. This study aimed to determine whether support from a social action volunteer service is better than usual care at improving quality of life for adults in the last year of life. METHODS: A pragmatic, multi-centre wait-list controlled trial, with participants randomly allocated to receive the volunteer support intervention either immediately or after a 4 week wait...
December 9, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930606/a-framework-for-health-communication-across-the-hiv-treatment-continuum
#12
Stella Babalola, Lynn M Van Lith, Elizabeth C Mallalieu, Zoe R Packman, Emily Myers, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Emily Harris, Tilly Gurman, Maria-Elena Figueroa
BACKGROUND: As test and treat rolls out, effective interventions are needed to address the determinants of outcomes across the HIV treatment continuum and ensure that people infected with HIV are promptly tested, initiate treatment early, adhere to treatment, and are virally suppressed. Communication approaches offer viable options for promoting relevant behaviors across the continuum. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK: This article introduces a conceptual framework, which can guide the development of effective health communication interventions and activities that aim to impact behaviors across the HIV treatment continuum in low- and medium-income countries...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930284/racial-ethnic-differences-in-associations-between-neighborhood-social-cohesion-and-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-united-states-2013-2014
#13
Stella S Yi, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Irene H Yen, Simona C Kwon
INTRODUCTION: Neighborhood factors are increasingly recognized as determinants of health. Neighborhood social cohesion may be associated with physical activity, but previous studies examined data aggregated across racial/ethnic groups. We assessed whether neighborhood social cohesion was associated with physical activity in a nationally representative data set and explored the role of race/ethnicity. METHODS: We combined National Health Interview Survey data from 2013 and 2014 (n = 64,754) and constructed a neighborhood social cohesion score by summing responses to 4 questions...
December 8, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929690/comparison-of-the-center-for-epidemiology-studies-depression-scale-and-beck-depression-inventory-for-research-with-latinas
#14
Melinda Bogardus
U.S. Latino farmworkers face multiple potential stressors. Research on the mental health status of this U.S. Latino subgroup has suggested high prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms when compared to other groups. Latina farmworkers may be at greater risk than their male counterparts for poor mental health because they confront many of the same stressors but may experience additional difficulties including domestic violence, taking on new roles and responsibilities on top of traditional ones, and being expected to maintain the health and integrity of their families at the expense of their own needs...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929416/from-consultation-to-application-practical-solutions-for-improving-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-for-adolescent-aboriginal-mothers-at-a-local-level
#15
Tracy Reibel, Paula Wyndow, Roz Walker
Adolescent pregnancy has been typically linked to a range of adverse outcomes for mother and child. In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women have a higher proportion of adolescent births compared with other adolescent Australian women, and are at greater risk of poorer psychosocial and clinical outcomes if they are not well supported during pregnancy and beyond. Drawing on existing literature and consultations with young Aboriginal women and health professionals supporting pregnant Aboriginal women in Western Australia, this paper discusses the importance of creating models of antenatal care using a "social determinants of health" framework...
December 6, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928895/impact-of-hallux-valgus-related-of-quality-of-life-in-women
#16
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Daniel López-López
The purpose of this study is to analyse and compare the impact of hallux valgus (HV) in a sample of adult women with varying degrees of HV scores obtained with regard to foot health and health in general. A total 100 female patients of mean age 43·04 ± 16·84 years who attended a podiatric clinic were asked to answer a questionnaire. The degree of deformity, HV, was determined on both feet of the patients using the Manchester Scale tool and the scores from the Foot Health Status Questionnaire were compared...
December 7, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927073/the-importance-of-cohesion-and-enjoyment-for-the-fitness-improvement-of-8-10-year-old-children-participating-in-a-team-and-individual-sport-school-based-physical-activity-intervention
#17
Anne-Marie Elbe, Johan Michael Wikman, Miky Zheng, Malte Nejst Larsen, Glen Nielsen, Peter Krustrup
This study investigates the enjoyment and cohesion of school children participating in a school-based high-intensity physical activity (PA) intervention. Both enjoyment and cohesion have been found to be important factors for adherence to regular physical and sport activity, an important outcome of PA interventions. The sample consisted of 300 pupils (mean age: 9.3 years; 52.7% female) assigned to a team sport intervention, an individual sport intervention, or a control group for 10 months. The Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale and Youth Sport Environment Questionnaire were used to measure enjoyment and cohesion...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927028/understanding-disability-and-the-social-determinants-of-health-how-does-disability-affect-peoples-social-determinants-of-health
#18
Amanda Frier, Fiona Barnett, Sue Devine, Ruth Barker
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how an individual's social determinants of health are affected by the acquisition of physical disability in adulthood. The secondary aim was to report the described facilitators and barriers to living with a disability. METHOD: This qualitative study used an exploratory, descriptive approach. Nine individuals with a neurologically derived disability were purposively recruited from a rehabilitation center in northern Queensland...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926914/comorbidities-in-turkish-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-association-with-the-health-related-quality-of-life-in-terms-of-disease-activity-functional-and-radiological-status-severity-of-pain-and-social-and-emotional-functioning
#19
Yesim Garip, Filiz Eser, Hatice Bodur
AIMS: The aim of our study was to investigate the comorbidities in Turkish RA patients and evaluate the impact of comorbidities on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in terms of disease activity, functional and radiological status, severity of pain, and social and emotional functioning. METHODS: In a cross-sectional setting, a total of 160 RA patients who were admitted to our outpatient clinic between December 2013 and February 2014 were consecutively enrolled in the study...
November 23, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926597/social-determinants-of-maternal-health-and-birth-outcomes
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
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