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Social determinents of health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785689/the-impact-of-hospital-costing-methods-on-cost-effectiveness-analysis-a-case-study
#1
José Leal, Stefania Manetti, James Buchanan
BACKGROUND: Several methods exist to cost hospital contacts when estimating the cost effectiveness of a new intervention. However, the implications of choosing a particular approach remain unclear. We compare the use of the three main diagnosis-related group (DRG)-based national unit costs in England to determine whether choice of approach can impact on economic evaluation results. METHODS: A cost-utility model was developed to compare secondary fracture prevention models of care for hip fracture patients, using data from large primary and hospital care administrative datasets in England...
May 22, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784868/delivering-a-primary-care-based-social-prescribing-initiative-a-qualitative-study-of-the-benefits-and-challenges
#2
Kathryn Skivington, Mathew Smith, Nai Rui Chng, Mhairi Mackenzie, Sally Wyke, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Social prescribing is a collaborative approach to improve inter-sectoral working between primary health care and community organisations. The Links Worker Programme (LWP) is a social prescribing initiative in areas of high deprivation in Glasgow, Scotland, that is designed to mitigate the negative impacts of the social determinants of health. AIM: To investigate issues relevant to implementing a social prescribing programme to improve inter-sectoral working to achieve public health goals...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784755/intergenerational-associations-of-parent-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-child-health-outcomes
#3
Félice Lê-Scherban, Xi Wang, Kathryn H Boyle-Steed, Lee M Pachter
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) robustly predict future morbidity and mortality. Researchers are just beginning to investigate intergenerational effects. We hypothesize there are intergenerational associations between parent ACE exposure and worse child health, health behaviors, and health care access and use. METHODS: We linked data from 2 population-based cross-sectional telephone surveys in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that were used to ask parents about their past exposure to ACEs and their child's health, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784252/caring-for-the-most-vulnerable-the-social-determinants-of-health
#4
EDITORIAL
Vallire D Hooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784080/how-can-university-sexual-health-promotion-events-reach-those-most-at-risk-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Matthew E Dunn, Merryn McKinnon
Background: The rate of notifications of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) in Australians has increased dramatically, especially in those aged 16-30 years. This age bracket, typical of university students, is the most likely to report multiple sexual partners in the previous year. Individuals who have sex with multiple partners in a year have a significantly increased chance of contracting an STI, making them an important audience for sexual health promotion. This study aimed to determine how university sexual health promotion events can better reach this higher-risk subset of the population...
May 22, 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784044/work-stress-prevention-needs-of-employees-and-supervisors
#6
Bo M Havermans, Evelien P M Brouwers, Rianne J A Hoek, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: Work stress prevention can reduce health risks for individuals, as well as organisational and societal costs. The success of work stress interventions depends on proper implementation. Failure to take into account the needs of employees and supervisors can hinder intervention implementation. This study aimed to explore employee and supervisor needs regarding organisational work stress prevention. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with employees (n = 7) and supervisors (n = 8) from different sectors, such as the finance, health care, and services industry...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783872/global-mental-health-and-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-research-domain-criteria
#7
Stevan Merill Weine, Scott Langenecker, Aliriza Arenliu
BACKGROUND: The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project presents innovative ways of investigating mental illness based on behavioral and neurobiological measures of dimensional processes. Although cultural psychiatrists have critiqued RDoC's implications and limitations for its under-developed focus on context and experience, RDoC presents opportunities for synergies with global mental health. It can capture aspects of clinical or sub-clinical behavior which are less dependent upon Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783253/planning-of-effective-evaluation-of-the-activities-of-hospital-district-at-the-example-of-poltava-region
#8
Vyacheslav M Zhdan, Valentyn M Dvornyk, Viktor P Lysak, Igor M Skrypnyk, Valeriy I Pokhylko, Iryna A Holovanova, Inna V Bielikova, Maxim V Khorosh, Ludmila M Shylkina, Mariya M Tovstiak
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Increasing of the availability and quality of health care in rural areas is one of the priority directions of public health and regional development policy. The need for reforming of the network of secondary health care facilities is due to the fact, that they are unable to meet the needs of the population in this specialized type of medical care in the conditions of the existing structure and funding system. The aim: to analyze the existing legislation regulating the establishment and operation of hospital districts; to determine the methodology for monitoring and evaluating of the activity of the hospital district on the example of the Poltava region...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783220/-the-role-of-social-and-economic-factors-in-the-formation-of-the-somatic-health-level-in-school-aged-children
#9
Veronika K Kozakevych, Larysa S Ziuzina, Liudmyla A Zhuk, Lidiia D Korovina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is devoted to a relevant problem - the state of health in school-aged children. Almost 90 % of school-aged children have deviations in their health, and over 50 % have poor physical fitness. Therefore, the problem of early diagnosis, detection and correction of pre-nosologic conditions is an effective means of preventing diseases and improving the health of children. The aim: The aim of the research was to examine the state of somatic health of school-aged children in Poltava and to identify the risk factors for its disturbances...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782893/quantity-based-analysis-of-household-food-consumption-patterns-and-drivers-the-case-of-israel
#10
Yuval Damari, Meidad Kissinger
The interest in better understanding the characteristics and drivers of food consumption by individuals and social groups has grown in recent years, because of various social, environmental, health and economic issues. Most analyses have focused either on the macro or national scale, using food balance/disappearance data, or on the micro scale, focusing on nutrition analysis in limited groups of individual consumers. While various household characteristics are expected to influence food-purchasing habits, the scope and methodology of most previous studies limited their ability to relate to multiple factors, and integrate all into specific consumption patterns...
May 18, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781969/an-ecological-approach-toward-prevention-and-care-of-victims-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#11
Rosario V Sanchez, Dula F Pacquiao
Sex trafficking is a widespread form of human trafficking that exists globally. The forced sexual exploitation of young women for profit at the hands of traffickers is a human rights violation. Sex trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where youths are sold as a commodity. It is difficult to determine the wide range of negative health outcomes associated with domestic minor sex trafficking due to the hidden nature of the crime and its lack of statistical data to determine prevalence. Viewing domestic minor sex trafficking through an ecological lens assists in the understanding of the multiple complex interactions between victims, their relationships, and environments that influence their health...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781923/going-beyond-clinical-care-to-reduce-health-care-spending-findings-from-the-j-chip-community-based-population-health-management-program-evaluation
#12
Shannon M E Murphy, Douglas E Hough, Martha L Sylvia, Melissa Sherry, Linda J Dunbar, Raymond Zollinger, Regina Richardson, Scott A Berkowitz, Kevin D Frick
BACKGROUND: Addressing both clinical and nonclinical determinants of health is essential for improving population health outcomes. In 2012, the Johns Hopkins Community Health Partnership (J-CHiP) implemented innovative population health management programs across acute and community environments. The community-based program involved multidisciplinary teams [ie, physicians, care managers (CM), health behavior specialists (HBS), community health workers, neighborhood navigators] and collaboration with community-based organizations to address social determinants...
May 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781881/individual-and-network-factors-associated-with-hiv-care-continuum-outcomes-among-nigerian-msm-accessing-healthcare-services
#13
Habib O Ramadhani, Nicaise Ndembi, Rebecca G Nowak, Uchenna Ononaku, Jerry Gwamna, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Sylvia Adebajo, Trevor A Crowell, Hongjie Liu, Stefan D Baral, Julie Ake, Man E Charurat
BACKGROUND: and setting: As data on the determinants of the HIV care continuum from key populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM) in resource-limited, settings (RLS) are limited, the study aimed to characterize HIV care continuum outcomes and assess individual and network barriers to progression through the HIV care continuum among MSM in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 study used respondent-driven-sampling to accrue MSM into community-based clinics in Nigeria...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781732/role-of-positive-lifestyle-activities-on-mood-cognition-well-being-and-disease-characteristics-in-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Lauren B Strober, Alexandra Becker, John J Randolph
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781157/adverse-selection-and-supply-side-factors-in-the-enrollment-in-community-based-health-insurance-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-mixed-methodology
#15
Asmamaw Atafu, Soonman Kwon
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Ethiopian government introduced different measures to implement community-based health insurance (CBHI) schemes to improve access to health service and reduce the catastrophic effect of health care costs. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the determinants of enrollment in CBHI in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: In this study, we utilized a mix of quantitative (multivariate logistic regression applied to population survey linked with health facility survey) and qualitative (focus group discussion and in-depth interview) methods to better understand the factors that affect CBHI enrollment...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781042/inequities-in-genetic-testing-for-hereditary-breast-cancer-implications-for-public-health-practice
#16
REVIEW
Ambreen Sayani
The Ontario Breast Screening Program for women with a genetic predisposition to breast cancer is one of the first international models of a government-funded public health service that offers systematic genetic screening to women at a high risk of breast cancer. However, since the implementation of the program in 2011, enrolment rates have been lower than anticipated. Whilst there may be several reasons for this to happen, it does call into consideration the 'inverse equity law', whereby the more advantaged in society are the first to participate and benefit from universal health services...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780586/asthma-related-health-services-and-asthma-control-among-women-in-puerto-rico
#17
María Calixta Ortiz-Rivera
Objectives: This study evaluates social, behavioral, and environmental determinants to differentiate between active and inactive asthma and how predisposing, enabling, and need factors elucidate asthma-related health services and asthma control among women in Puerto Rico. Methods: This study analyzed secondary cross-sectional data from a subsample of 625 adult females who participated in the Asthma Call Back Survey in Puerto Rico. Logistic and multinomial regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between explanatory variables and asthma outcomes...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779553/social-work-student-and-practitioner-roles-in-integrated-care-settings
#18
Erin P Fraher, Erica Lynn Richman, Lisa de Saxe Zerden, Brianna Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Social workers are increasingly being deployed in integrated medical and behavioral healthcare settings but information about the roles they fill in these settings is not well understood. This study sought to identify the functions that social workers perform in integrated settings and identify where they acquired the necessary skills to perform them. METHODS: Master of social work students (n=21) and their field supervisors (n=21) who were part of a Health Resources and Services Administration-funded program to train and expand the behavioral health workforce in integrated settings were asked how often they engaged in 28 functions, where they learned to perform those functions, and the degree to which their roles overlapped with others on the healthcare team...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779188/vitreomacular-interface-abnormalities-in-patients-with-diabetic-macular-oedema-and-their-implications-on-the-response-to-anti-vegf-therapy
#19
Michael Mikhail, Stephen Stewart, Felicia Seow, Ruth Hogg, Noemi Lois
PURPOSE: To determine whether the presence of vitreomacular interface abnormalities (VMIA) in patients with diabetic macular oedema (DMO) modifies the response to ranibizumab. METHODS: Medical records and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans of consecutive patients with centre-involving DMO initiating therapy with ranibizumab between December 2013 and March 2014 at the Belfast Health and Social Care Trust were reviewed. Patients were identified through an electronic database...
May 19, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778712/validation-reliability-and-specificity-of-clinicom%C3%A2-psychiatric-assessment-software
#20
Nelson Handal, James LePage, Philip Dayley, Barbara Baldwin, Amellia Roeser, Joni Kay, Heather Ann Theobald, Michael Nellamattathil, Scott Drotar, Connor Weir, Neil Tindell, Kevin Tice
The purpose of this study was to determine the specificity and reproducibility of CliniCom™ Psychiatric Assessment Software to appropriately diagnose five prevalent mental health disorders. This online assessment tool incorporates proprietary algorithms for its propensity assessment. Unlike other questionnaires, which require a survey per specific mental disorder, CliniCom can simultaneously assess multiple mental disorders for an individual. CliniCom was concordant with other commonly used assessment tools in diagnosing five prevalent disorders including: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Social Phobia...
May 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
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