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Social determinents of health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938335/statistical-analysis-of-influences-on-the-psychosocial-status-of-children-with-hemangiomas-and-their-families
#1
Ji Ung Park, Soohee Kang, Tae Hyun Choi
The psychologic stress on the child and family, which arise from hemangiomas, the most common neoplasm of childhood, cannot be overestimated. This study determined the preoperative and postoperative psychosocial status and variation among Oriental children with hemangiomas and their families by questionnaire. Thirty patients who underwent surgery for hemangiomas were assessed for preoperative and postoperative psychosocial status by questionnaire. The distribution of the total mean score and variation between the preoperative and postoperative status was estimated...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937659/assessing-the-allocation-of-special-elderly-nursing-homes-in-tokyo-japan
#2
Ninglong You, Zhenjiang Shen, Tatsuya Nishino
Social welfare and public health departments require reliable assessments to enhance the rationality of phased construction of special elderly nursing homes (SENHs). This paper aims to assess the allocation of SENHs based on a beds-needed index for SENHs (BNIS). This may help departments determine the priority for approving locations of SENHs more accurately with a limited budget. Traditional assessments in Tokyo use the sphere of welfare, ward, and sphere of daily life as spatial units for estimating beds-to-elderly population ratios...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936486/the-burden-and-social-determinants-of-asthma-for-adults-in-the-state-of-georgia
#3
Mark Ebell, Christian Marchello, Jean O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a serious chronic health condition, and social determinants may affect its prevalence. METHODS: Data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), the Georgia Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), and the Georgia hospital and emergency department survey for patients with a diagnosis of asthma were used. All data were from the years 2011 through 2014. SAS and SUDAAN software were used to calculate weighted prevalence estimates and to perform univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between social determinants, other risk factors, and asthma outcomes...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936356/implementation-of-the-european-health-interview-survey-ehis-into-the-german-health-update-geda
#4
C Lange, J D Finger, J Allen, S Born, J Hoebel, R Kuhnert, S Müters, J Thelen, P Schmich, M Varga, E von der Lippe, M Wetzstein, T Ziese
BACKGROUND: This methodological paper describes the integration of the 'European Health Interview Survey wave 2' (EHIS 2) into the 'German Health Update' 2014/2015 (GEDA 2014/2015-EHIS). METHODS: GEDA 2014/2015-EHIS is a cross-sectional health survey. A two-stage stratified cluster sampling approach was used to recruit persons aged 15 years and older with permanent residence in Germany. Two different modes of data collection were used, self-administered web questionnaire and self-administered paper questionnaire...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936289/socioeconomic-factors-and-severity-of-periodontal-disease-in-adults-35-44-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
José-Manuel Almerich-Silla, Pedro J Almiñana-Pastor, Montserrat Boronat-Catalá, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José-María Montiel-Company
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease or periodontitis is an inflammatory disease with a hight prevalence. According to the last oral health survey of the Spanish population, between 24% and 37% of Spaniards aged over 35 years have periodontitis and 6% to 10% of the adult population have deep periodontal pockets. The aim of this study was to determine the association between risk factors and the presence of periodontal pockets in the adult population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross sectional or prevalence study of a representative sample of the adult population of the Valencia region was designed...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935442/what-are-patient-navigators-doing-for-whom-and-where-a-national-survey-evaluating-the-types-of-services-provided-by-patient-navigators
#6
Kristen J Wells, Patricia Valverde, Amy E Ustjanauskas, Elizabeth A Calhoun, Betsy C Risendal
OBJECTIVE: A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted to assess patient navigator, patient population, and work setting characteristics associated with performance of various patient navigation (PN) tasks. METHODS: Using respondent-driven sampling, 819 navigators completed a survey assessing frequency of providing 83 PN services, along with information about themselves, populations they serve, and setting in which they worked. Analyses of variance and Pearson correlations were conducted to determine differences and associations in frequency of PN services provided by various patient, navigator, and work setting characteristics...
August 31, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935433/intersectorality-and-social-participation-as-coping-policies-for-health-inequities-worldwide
#7
Regina Celia Fiorati, Ricardo A Arcêncio, Javier Segura Del Pozo, Milagros Ramasco-Gutiérrez, Pilar Serrano-Gallardo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact that intersectoral policies and social participation, implemented worldwide, have had on the modification of the social determinants for health and on the reduction of social health inequities. METHOD: A scoping review of the literature published in the period 2005-2015 was performed. The literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scielo databases. Two researchers reviewed each document. Data were analysed according to the intersectoral action and social participation variables and according to the theoretical frameworks of the Social Determinants Model of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) and the theoretical constructs of Social Capital (SC) and Life Course (LC)...
September 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934729/the-effect-of-perceived-stress-on-epstein-barr-virus-antibody-titers-in-appalachian-ohio-women
#8
Melissa J Brook, Lisa M Christian, Erinn M Hade, Mack T Ruffin
OBJECTIVE: The Appalachian population suffers a disparate burden of chronic stress leading to high perceived stress. The study aim was to determine the association between perceived stress and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody titers, along with the impact of perceived social support, Appalachian self-identify, and health behaviors. METHODS: Serum EBV VCA-IgG antibody titer levels from 169 female Appalachian residents (aged 18-26 years) were examined. Perceived stress, perceived social support, Appalachian self-identity, and health behaviors were assessed via self-administered questionnaires...
September 22, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934128/neuroticism-predicts-subsequent-risk-of-major-depression-for-whites-but-not-blacks
#9
Shervin Assari
Cultural and ethnic differences in psychosocial and medical correlates of negative affect are well documented. This study aimed to compare blacks and whites for the predictive role of baseline neuroticism (N) on subsequent risk of major depressive episodes (MDD) 25 years later. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. We used data on 1219 individuals (847 whites and 372 blacks) who had data on baseline N in 1986 and future MDD in 2011. The main predictor of interest was baseline N, measured using three items in 1986...
September 21, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934037/middle-range-theory-coping-and-adaptation-with-active-aging
#10
Martha Elba Salazar-Barajas, Bertha Cecilia Salazar-González, Esther Carlota Gallegos-Cabriales
Various disciplines focus on a multiplicity of aspects of aging: lifestyles, personal biological factors, psychological conditions, health conditions, physical environment, and social and economic factors. The aforementioned are all related to the determinants of active aging. The aim is to describe the development of a middle-range theory based on coping and adaptation with active aging. Concepts and relationships derived from Roy's model of adaptation are included. The proposed concepts are hope, health habits, coping with aging, social relations, and active aging...
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933747/facilitators-of-physical-activity-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#11
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933196/symptoms-acceptance-of-illness-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Beata Jankowska-Polańska, Aleksandra Kaczan, Katarzyna Lomper, Dariusz Nowakowski, Krzysztof Dudek
INTRODUCTION: Acceptance of illness plays a key role, allowing the patient to adapt to the disease and its treatment, and to maintain their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) despite chronic conditions. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between severity of arrhythmia symptoms, acceptance of illness and HRQOL in patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS: The study included 99 patients (mean age 64.6) treated for atrial fibrillation...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932919/how-does-homelessness-affect-parenting-behaviour-a-systematic-critical-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#13
REVIEW
Caroline Bradley, John McGowan, Daniel Michelson
The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable, appropriate and effective interventions to support highly marginalised and vulnerable homeless families...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931647/randomized-open-label-trial-of-dextromethorphan-in-rett-syndrome
#14
Constance L Smith-Hicks, Siddharth Gupta, Joshua B Ewen, Manisha Hong, Lisa Kratz, Richard Kelley, Elaine Tierney, Rebecca Vaurio, Genila Bibat, Abanti Sanyal, Gayane Yenokyan, Nga Brereton, Michael V Johnston, Sakkubai Naidu
OBJECTIVE: To determine safety and perform a preliminary assessment of dose-dependent efficacy of dextromethorphan in normalizing electrographic spikes, clinical seizures, and behavioral and cognitive functions in girls with Rett syndrome. METHODS: We used a prospective randomized, open-label trial in fast metabolizers of dextromethorphan to examine the effect of dextromethorphan on core clinical features of Rett syndrome. Interictal spike activity and clinical seizures were determined using EEG and parent reporting...
September 20, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929728/-undocumented-immigrants-what-do-we-know-about-their-health
#15
Giovanni Baglio, Raffaele Di Palma, Erica Eugeni, Antonio Fortino
In Italy, immigrants represent a "fuzzy" set, to which it is difficult to apply dichotomous categories as a classification (i.e., regular/irregular, economic/forced, etcetera). These categories lose its meaning when used to study health phenomena. Rather, the epidemiological profile of such a heterogeneous population depends on the varying influence of health determinants in the life-course of migration. This article builds on those assumptions, and analyses the health of irregularly- staying immigrants by adopting a global approach to the migration phenomenon...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929725/-perceived-discrimination-at-work-for-being-an-immigrant-a-study-on-self-perceived-mental-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#16
Anteo Di Napoli, Rosaria Gatta, Alessandra Rossi, Monica Perez, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
BACKGROUND: exposure to discrimination is widely understood as a social determinant of psychophysical health and a contributing factor to health inequities among social groups. Few studies exist, particularly in Italy, about the effects of discrimination among immigrants at workplace. OBJECTIVES: to analyse the association between perceived discrimination at work for being an immigrant and mental health status among immigrants in Italy. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: a sub-sample of 12,408 immigrants residing in Italy was analysed...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929182/public-awareness-of-poverty-as-a-determinant-of-health-survey-results-from-23-countries
#17
Olaf von dem Knesebeck, Nico Vonneilich, Tae Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine (1) variations in the public awareness of poverty as a determinant of health and (2) associations of individual and macro level factors with awareness. METHODS: Analyses are based on the International Social Survey Programme. Data stem from 23 countries (N = 37,228) that were assigned to six welfare states. Sociodemographic, socio-economic, and health-related factors were considered as individual level characteristics. Gross domestic product, relative poverty rate, Gini coefficient, and magnitude of health inequalities were additionally introduced as macro level factors...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928712/metabolomics-as-a-tool-for-the-characterization-of-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#18
Federica Murgia, Antonella Muroni, Monica Puligheddu, Lorenzo Polizzi, Luigi Barberini, Gianni Orofino, Paolo Solla, Simone Poddighe, Francesco Del Carratore, Julian L Griffin, Luigi Atzori, Francesco Marrosu
PURPOSE: Drug resistance is a critical issue in the treatment of epilepsy, contributing to clinical emergencies and increasing both serious social and economic burdens on the health system. The wide variety of potential drug combinations followed by often failed consecutive attempts to match drugs to an individual patient may mean that this treatment stage may last for years with suboptimal benefit to the patient. Given these challenges, it is valuable to explore the availability of new methodologies able to shorten the period of determining a rationale pharmacologic treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928182/gender-differences-in-longevity-in-free-living-older-adults-who-eat-with-others-a-prospective-study-in-taiwan
#19
Yi-Chen Huang, Hsing-Ling Cheng, Mark L Wahlqvist, Yuan-Ting C Lo, Meei-Shyuan Lee
OBJECTIVES: Social activities such as 'eating-with-others' can positively affect the ageing process. We investigated the gender-specific association between eating arrangements and risk of all-cause mortality among free-living older adults. SETTING: A representative sample from the Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan during 1999-2000. PARTICIPANTS: Some 1894 participants (955 men and 939 women) who aged ≥65 and completed eating arrangement question as well as confirmed survivorship information...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928109/components-and-outcomes-of-internet-based-interventions-for-caregivers-of-older-adults-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Cassioppée Guay, Claudine Auger, Louise Demers, W Ben Mortenson, William C Miller, Dominique Gélinas-Bronsard, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: When trying to access interventions to improve their well-being and quality of life, family caregivers face many challenges. Internet-based interventions provide new and accessible opportunities to remotely support them and can contribute to reducing their burden. However, little is known about the link existing between the components, the use of behavior change techniques, and the outcomes of these Internet-based interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide an update on the best available evidence about the efficacy of Internet-based interventions for caregivers of older adults...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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