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Post partum depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#1
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065954/postpartum-depression-and-associated-factors-after-emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy
#2
Mehmet Baki Senturk, Yusuf Cakmak, Ahmet Ozalp
OBJECTIVE: To investigate post-partum depression after emergency peripartum hysterectomy and associated factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional controlled study was conducted at Batman Gynaecology and Paediatric Diseases Hospital, Batman, Turkey, between June 15 and July 23, 2015, and comprised cases of patients with peripartum hysterectomy and of those who had experienced surgical procedures other than hysterectomy (hypogastric artery ligation and/or B-Lynch suture)...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012571/perinatal-nutrition-interventions-and-post-partum-depressive-symptoms
#3
REVIEW
Jacqueline F Gould, Karen Best, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mood disorder associated with childbirth. No single cause of PPD has been identified, however the increased risk of nutritional deficiencies incurred through the high nutritional requirements of pregnancy may play a role in the pathology of depressive symptoms. Three nutritional interventions have drawn particular interest as possible non-invasive and cost-effective prevention and/or treatment strategies for PPD; omega-3 (n-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), vitamin D and overall diet...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996986/-effectiveness-of-a-postnatal-psychological-treatment-for-women-who-had-screened-positive-for-depression
#4
Fiorino Mirabella, Paolo Michielin, Daniele Piacentini, Franco Veltro, Gina Barbano, Marina Cattaneo, Gabriella Palumbo, Antonella Gigantesco
AIM: This study evaluates the effectiveness of a psychological intervention based on a brief cognitive behavioural and psycho-educational treatment for women suffering from post partum depression. METHOD: The sample was recruited within a programme of screening and early intervention for post partum depression risk. 1558 women were screened between the 6th and 12th week after birth. 110 (7.1%) of them resulted positive to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (score ≥12) and 81 accepted a thorough clinical diagnostic examination through the administration of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and the self-assessment instruments Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Psychological Well-being Scales, Short-Form Health Survey and Positivity Scale...
November 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939485/postpartum-physiology-psychology-and-paediatric-follow-up-study-p4-study-study-protocol
#5
Gregory K Davis, Lynne Roberts, George Mangos, Amanda Henry, Franziska Pettit, Anthony O'Sullivan, Caroline S E Homer, Maria Craig, Samuel B Harvey, Mark A Brown
BACKGROUND: Women who have had hypertension in pregnancy are at greater risk of long term cardiovascular disease (CVD). Little is known about their cardiovascular risk postpartum or the effects on the woman's mental health and the outcomes of their infants. In this project we will study the physiological and psychological health of women and the physical health and development of their infants six months, two years and five years after birth. We will establish normal blood pressure (BP) and metabolic function for women who were normotensive in pregnancy and use these to assess women who had gestational hypertension (GH) or preeclampsia (PE)...
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931248/postpartum-depression-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-a-low-income-urban-settlement-in-nairobi-kenya
#6
Beatrice A Madeghe, Violet N Kimani, Ann Vander Stoep, Semret Nicodimos, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression can compromise caregiving activities, including infant feeding practices, resulting in child malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of postpartum depression on infant feeding practices and malnutrition among women in an urban low income settlement in Nairobi-Kenya. We conducted a cross-sectional study based in Kariobangi North Health Centre in Nairobi County. The study sample included 200 mother-infant pairs visiting the Maternal and Child Health clinics for infant immunization at 6-14 weeks postpartum...
December 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897022/-postpartum-blues-a-czech-adaptation-of-the-maternity-blues-questionnaire
#7
L Takács, F Smolík, J Mlíková Seidlerová, P Čepický, S Hoskovcová
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Kennerley and Gaths Maternity Blues Questionnaire (MBQ) for the Czech postpartum population, to present the psychometric properties of the Czech version of that screening method, and to assess its predictive power for the risk of postpartum depression. DESIGN: Original study. SETTING: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Charles University, Prague. METHODS: The Czech version of the MBQ was validated on a sample of 1093 women...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834159/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-early-childhood-cognitive-development-a-meta-analysis
#8
Y Liu, S Kaaya, J Chai, D C McCoy, P J Surkan, M M Black, A-L Sutter-Dallay, H Verdoux, M C Smith-Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Previous findings have been mixed regarding the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and child cognitive development. The objective of this study was to systematically review relevant literature and to perform a meta-analysis. METHOD: Three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO) were searched. Initial screening was conducted independently by two reviewers. Studies selected for detailed review were read in full and included based on a set of criteria...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822980/long-term-postpartum-health-problems-in-turkish-women-prevalence-and-associations-with-self-rated-health
#9
Sevde Aksu, Füsun G Varol, Nevin Hotun Sahin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of physical and emotional health problems associated with labor and their relationship with self-rated health measures. METHODS: Four hundred women were enrolled. Data collection was accomplished through the completion of a form on sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics, a questionnaire that measured the self-rated health level as well as physical health problems, and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale. RESULTS: Most commonly reported health problems in the initial six-week period were fatigue (77...
November 17, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810668/risk-factors-for-suicide-attempt-in-pregnancy-and-the-post-partum-period-in-women-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#10
Florence Gressier, Virginie Guillard, Odile Cazas, Bruno Falissard, Nine M-C Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay
Suicide is a major public health concern worldwide, and mental disorders have been identified as a main risk factor. Suicide is also one of the leading causes of perinatal maternal mortality, but very few studies have focused on suicide attempts (SA) in the perinatal period. This work aims to assess risk factors associated with SA in pregnancy and in the post-partum period in women with mental health disorders. Women (n = 1439) with psychiatric disorders jointly admitted with their infant to 16 psychiatric Mother-Baby Units over 10 years (2001-2010) were assessed retrospectively for the occurrence of SA in pregnancy or the postpartum period...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765939/inadvertent-methylergonovine-administration-to-a-neonate
#11
Bryan M Corbett, Charles O'Connell, Mallory A Boutin, Nabil I Fatayerji, Charles W Sauer
BACKGROUND Methylergonovine is an ergot alkaloid used to treat post-partum hemorrhage secondary to uterine atony. Mistaking methylergonovine for vitamin K with accidental administration to the neonate is a rare iatrogenic illness occurring almost exclusively in the delivery room setting. Complications of ergot alkaloids in neonates include respiratory depression, seizures, and death. CASE REPORT A term infant was inadvertently given 0.1 mg of methylergonovine intramuscularly in the right thigh. The error was only noted when the vial of medication was scanned, after administration, identifying it as methylergonovine rather than vitamin K...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705838/luteinizing-hormone-follicle-stimulating-hormone-ratio-as-biological-predictor-of-post-partum-depression
#12
R Ramachandran Pillai, Leena Sharon, Nancy R Premkumar, Shivanand Kattimani, Haritha Sagili, Soundravally Rajendiran
BACKGROUND: Post-partum depression (PPD) is the common adverse outcome of child bearing which affects the wellbeing of both mother and newborn and has long-term effects. Hence, reliable potential biological tests for early detection of PPD are essential. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) were associated with depressive disorders and the present study estimated the levels of serum FSH, LH in postpartum depression and explored them as predictive biomarkers in the development of PPD...
January 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695496/prediction-of-incidence-and-bio-psycho-socio-cultural-risk-factors-of-post-partum-depression-immediately-after-birth-in-an-iranian-population
#13
Fatemeh Abdollahi, Mehran Zarghami, Shariff-Ghazali Sazlina, Azhar Md Zain, Asghari Jafarabadi Mohammad, Munn-Sann Lye
INTRODUCTION: Post-partum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mental problem associated with childbirth. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of early PPD and possible relevant risk factors among women attending primary health centers in Mazandaran province, Iran for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted among 2279 eligible women during weeks 32-42 of pregnancy to determine bio-psycho-socio-cultural risk factors of depression at 2 weeks post-partum using the Iranian version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694083/the-relational-dimension-of-care-for-maternity-blues-and-its-relation-to-decompensation-of-a-psychiatric-disorder-during-the-intermediate-postpartum-period-in-cameroon
#14
C P Mboua, B A Nkoum, S P Abessouguié
In a setting such as Cameroon, where perinatal care offers few services for women with psychiatric problems during pregnancy, delivery, and the immediate postpartum period, the development of the relational dimension of care may help prevent severe psychiatric disorders . This study evaluates the role of the relational dimension of perinatal and early postpartum care (providing perinatal counseling and a space to speak) on women with blues on the intermediate-term outcomes of decompensation, in view of the importance of the emotional issues occurring in the perinatal period...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660558/recognition-and-management-of-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety-by-general-practitioners-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth Ford, Judy Shakespeare, Fatin Elias, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Perinatal anxiety and depression are widespread, with up to 20% of women affected during pregnancy and after birth. In the UK, management of perinatal mental health falls under the remit of general practitioners (GPs). We reviewed the literature on GPs' routine recognition, diagnosis and management of anxiety and depression in the perinatal period. METHOD: A systematic search of Embase, Medline, PsycInfo, Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science was conducted...
September 22, 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650773/epidemiology-of-maternal-depression-risk-factors-and-child-outcomes-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#16
REVIEW
Bizu Gelaye, Marta B Rondon, Ricardo Araya, Michelle A Williams
Maternal depression, a non-psychotic depressive episode of mild to major severity, is one of the major contributors of pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality. Maternal depression (antepartum or post partum) has been linked to negative health-related behaviours and adverse outcomes, including psychological and developmental disturbances in infants, children, and adolescents. Despite its enormous burden, maternal depression in low-income and middle-income countries remains under-recognised and undertreated...
October 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609986/parents-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-after-successful-infertility-treatment-and-spontaneous-conception-does-singleton-twin-pregnancy-matter
#17
I Tendais, B Figueiredo
STUDY QUESTION: Does mode of conception [spontaneous/after infertility treatment (IT)], type of pregnancy (singleton/twin) and parent gender have an effect on anxiety and depression levels and trajectories during pregnancy and the post-partum period? SUMMARY ANSWER: Conception after IT was associated with a transitory increase in anxiety during the perinatal period for parents of singletons, while for IT parents of twins higher levels of psychopathological symptoms tended to persist during pregnancy and the post-partum period...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568411/-translation-and-validation-in-french-of-the-first-time-father-questionnaire
#18
I Capponi, P Carquillat, Å Premberg, F Vendittelli, M-J Guittier
OBJECTIVES: For fathers, being present at a birth for the first time is not an insignificant event. Witnessing suffering can cause feelings of loneliness and powerlessness, which may be associated with postnatal problems such as depression. However, without a confirmed French-language tool concerning the experience of childbirth for fathers, we are limited in our ability to develop our understanding of their experiences and establish links between these experiences and their distress (anxiety, depression, etc...
September 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544544/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-perinatal-depression-in-iranian-pregnant-mothers
#19
Farideh Vaziri, Samira Nasiri, Zohreh Tavana, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Farkhondeh Sharif, Peyman Jafari
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders in pregnancy and post-partum period are common and considered as a public health issue. Researchers have studied the relationship between low serum vitamin D concentration and perinatal depression, although no clinical trial has been conducted on vitamin D's effects on depression related to childbirth. This study evaluated the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on perinatal depression scores. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was done in pregnant women who were under prenatal care in a teaching hospital in Shiraz, Iran...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518778/the-challenges-of-a-successful-pregnancy-in-a-patient-with-adult-refsum-s-disease-due-to-phytanoyl-coa-hydroxylase-deficiency
#20
Karolina M Stepien, Anthony S Wierzbicki, Bwee T Poll-The, Hans R Waterham, Christian J Hendriksz
We describe the management and outcomes of pregnancy in a 27-year-old woman with infantile-onset Adult Refsum's disease (ARD). She presented in infancy but was diagnosed with ARD at the age of 10 on basis of phytanic acidaemia and later confirmed to have the phytanoyl-CoA hydroxylase ((PHYH) c.164delT, p.L55fsX12) mutation. Despite repeated plasmapheresis sessions and strict dietary surveillance for 20 years, her phytanic acid levels persistently stayed above the ideal target level of 100 μmol/L but remained below 400 μmol/L...
August 13, 2016: JIMD Reports
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