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Post partum depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282785/cognitive-factors-and-post-partum-depression-what-is-the-influence-of-general-personality-traits-rumination-maternal-self-esteem-and-alexithymia
#1
Anne Denis, Olivier Luminet
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to assess the impact of cognitive factors on post-partum depression (PPD) symptoms. Because most of the literature data concern the immediate post-partum period or the first year post-partum, we notably sought to assess the longer term impact of cognitive factors on the symptoms of PPD. METHODS: Two studies were performed. In a pilot study, 1-month post-partum, 63 women filled out a sociodemographic information sheet and completed the abbreviated, revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, the Ruminative Responses Scale, the Maternal Self-Report Inventory, and the Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258541/intravenous-iron-vs-blood-for-acute-post-partum-anaemia-iibappa-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#2
Seng Chua, Sarika Gupta, Jennifer Curnow, Beata Gidaszewski, Marjan Khajehei, Hayley Diplock
BACKGROUND: Acute post-partum anaemia can be associated with significant morbidity including a predisposition for postnatal depression. Lack of clear practice guidelines means a number of women are treated with multiple blood transfusions. Intravenous iron has the potential to limit the need for multiple blood transfusions but its role in the post-partum setting is unclear. METHODS/DESIGN: IIBAPPA is a multi-centre randomised non-inferiority trial. Women with a primary post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) >1000 mL and resultant haemoglobin (Hb) 5...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208865/assessment-of-postnatal-depression-by-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-bangladesh
#3
T Parveen, S Akhter, H H Parveen, F Noor, R K Kazal
The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of post partum depression and its associated risk factors among the mothers in their immediate post natal period. This cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and a tertiary care centre in Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2015 to December 2015. Total 145 post natal mothers were screened for postnatal depression from day 5-7 following caesarean section by the validated Bangla version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199875/using-position-emission-tomography-to-investigate-hormone-mediated-neurochemical-changes-across-the-female-lifespan-implications-for-depression
#4
Rachel G Zsido, Arno Villringer, Julia Sacher
Ovarian hormones, particularly oestrogen and progesterone, undergo major fluctuations across the female lifespan. These hormone transition periods, such as the transition from pregnancy to postpartum, as well as the transition into menopause (perimenopause), are also known to be times of elevated susceptibility to depression. This study reviews how these transition periods likely influence neurochemical changes in the brain that result in disease vulnerability. While there are known associations between oestrogen/progesterone and different monoaminergic systems, the interactions and their potential implications for mood disorders are relatively unknown...
December 4, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104868/improving-access-to-interventions-among-mothers-screened-positive-for-post-partum-depression-ppd-at-national-programme-on-immunization-npi-clinics-in-south-western-and-south-eastern-nigeria-a-service-development-report
#5
Muideen O Bakare, Mashudat A Bello-Mojeed, Kerim M Munir, Olaniyi O Duduyemi, Andrew O Orovwigho, Odutola I Odetunde, Olufemi G Taiwo, Jushua A Olofinlade, Olakunle N Omotoso, Olayinka H Famurewa, Oladipupo O Omolabi, Adebayo O Jejeloye
We investigate the possibility of improving access to interventions among mothers screened positive for post-partum depression (PPD) at National Programme on Immunization (NPI) clinics randomly selected from Lagos and Enugu States in south-western and south-eastern Nigeria respectively. The principle of human centred design was employed by engaging the mothers screened positive for PPD to be part of the decision making regarding their further assessment and intervention services. The study brought intervention services to primary healthcare centre at the NPI clinics...
2017: Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986652/infant-development-and-pre-and-post-partum-depression-in-rural-south-african-hiv-infected-women
#6
Violeta J Rodriguez, Gladys Matseke, Ryan Cook, Seanna Bellinger, Stephen M Weiss, Maria L Alcaide, Karl Peltzer, Doyle Patton, Maria Lopez, Deborah L Jones
HIV-exposed infants born to depressed women may be at risk for adverse developmental outcomes. Half of HIV-infected women in rural South Africa (SA) may suffer from pregnancy-related depression. This pilot study examined the impact of depression in HIV-infected women in rural SA on infant development. Mother-infant dyads (N = 69) were recruited in rural SA. Demographics, HIV disclosure, depression, male involvement, and alcohol use at baseline (18.35 ± 5.47 weeks gestation) were assessed. Male involvement, depression, infant HIV serostatus and development were assessed 12 months postnatally...
October 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839296/frequency-of-postpartum-depression-and-its-association-with-breastfeeding-a-cross-sectional-survey-at-immunization-clinics-in-islamabad-pakistan
#7
Sadia Shah, Bernie Lonergan
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the point frequency of post-partum depression among mothers. METHODS: This cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted at the immunisation clinics of General Hospital, Islamabad, and Tehsil Headquarters Hospital, Kahuta, Pakistan, in November 2015, and comprised women aged 18-44 years. Primary data collection was done through Edinburgh post-natal depression scale questionnaire. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: There were 434 participants in the study...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835237/gestational-age-at-birth-and-behavioral-problems-from-four-to-11-years-of-age-birth-cohort-study
#8
Iná S Santos, Fernando C Barros, Tiago Munhoz, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Studies conducted mainly in high-income countries have shown that preterm births are associated with increased risk of behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of behavioral problems from middle-childhood to early-adolescence according to gestational age at birth in a middle-income setting. METHODS: A population-based birth cohort (n = 4231) in Pelotas, Brazil, was followed-up in several occasions from birth to 11 years...
August 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830395/antenatal-depressive-symptoms-and-perinatal-complications-a-prospective-study-in-rural-ethiopia
#9
Tesera Bitew, Charlotte Hanlon, Eskinder Kebede, Simone Honikman, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depressive symptoms affect around 12.3% of women in in low and middle income countries (LMICs) and data are accumulating about associations with adverse outcomes for mother and child. Studies from rural, low-income country community samples are limited. This paper aims to investigate whether antenatal depressive symptoms predict perinatal complications in a rural Ethiopia setting. METHODS: A population-based prospective study was conducted in Sodo district, southern Ethiopia...
August 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805152/comparing-the-prevalence-and-the-risk-profile-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-across-cultures
#10
Irene E Corbani, Paola Rucci, Elena Iapichino, Marta Quartieri Bollani, Gilla Cauli, Mara R Ceruti, Costanzo Gala, Mariano Bassi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although several studies have analyzed the risk factors of antenatal and post-partum depression, evidence on the prevalence and the risk profile for antenatal depressive symptoms (ADS) between native-born and different groups of non-native born women living in the same country is scant. The aim of this article is to compare the prevalence and the risk profile for ADS across geographical areas in women recruited from two large hospitals of North-western Italy. METHOD: The presence of ADS was defined as an Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥12 or a Beck Depression Inventory, Short Form (BDI-SF) score ≥9 or the presence of suicidal ideation/behavior...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751114/-post-partum-depressive-symptoms-prevalence-risk-factors-and-relationship-with-quality-of-life
#11
R Cherif, I Feki, H Gassara, I Baati, R Sellami, H Feki, K Chaabene, J Masmoudi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to estimate the prevalence of the post-partum depressive symptomatology in a sample of Tunisian women, to study associated factors and to assess its relationship to quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study carried out in two stages: during the first week (T1), then between sixth and eighth week post-partum (T2). Depressive symptomatology and quality of life were assessed respectively by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the World Health Organization Quality of Life scale...
July 24, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737195/-maternal-postnatal-depression-and-its-impact-on-child-neurodevelopment-a-cohort-study
#12
Gabriel González, Mario Moraes, Claudio Sosa, Eleuterio Umpierrez, María Duarte, José Cal, Andrea Ghione
Post partum depresion (DPP) is the most frequent psquiatric disorder in pregnant woman and it may affect the neurodevelopment of their offspring. Our goal was to analyze the association between maternal depressive symptoms at 6 months after birth and child’s neurodevelopmental disorders at 18 months-old, in a homogeneous population characterized by low socioeconomic and cultural level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. There were included 127 healthy postpartum women and their infants...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727838/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-recent-intimate-partner-violence-and-relationships-between-disability-and-depression-in-post-partum-women-in-one-clinic-in-ethekwini-municipality-south-africa
#13
Andrew Gibbs, Bradley Carpenter, Tamaryn Crankshaw, Jill Hannass-Hancock, Jennifer Smit, Mark Tomlinson, Lisa Butler
Intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by pregnant and post-partum women has negative health effects for women, as well as the foetus, and the new-born child. In this study we sought to assess the prevalence and factors associated with recent IPV amongst post-partum women in one clinic in eThekwini Municipality, South Africa, and explore the relationship between IPV, depression and functional limitations/disabilities. Past 12 month IPV-victimisation was 10.55%. Logistic regression modelled relationships between IPV, functional limitations, depressive symptoms, socio-economic measures, and sexual relationship power...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654849/factors-associated-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-ptss-4-6-weeks-and-6-months-after-birth-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#14
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors that precipitate and maintain post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after birth is important to inform clinical and research practice; yet, prospective longitudinal studies on the predictors of PTSS are limited. This study aimed to determine the pregnancy and postpartum factors associated with PTSS at 4-6 weeks and 6-months postpartum. METHOD: A systematic sample of 950 pregnant women were recruited from three maternity hospitals in Turkey...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635063/association-between-physical-and-depressive-symptoms-during-the-first-6%C3%A2-months-postpartum
#15
Emi Mori, Hiroko Iwata, Akiko Sakajo, Kunie Maehara, Koji Tamakoshi
AIM: To examine the relationship between physical symptoms and depressive symptoms among new mothers during the first 6 months postpartum. METHODS: Prospective cohort study design was used in this study. Participants were recruited in 13 Japanese hospitals between 2012 and 2013. A total of 2709 women (response rate of those invited 71.9%) provided longitudinal data using self-report questionnaires at 5 time points: during the hospital stay and at 1, 2, 4, and 6 months postpartum...
June 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619476/brexanolone-sage-547-injection-in-post-partum-depression-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Stephen Kanes, Helen Colquhoun, Handan Gunduz-Bruce, Shane Raines, Ryan Arnold, Amy Schacterle, James Doherty, C Neill Epperson, Kristina M Deligiannidis, Robert Riesenberg, Ethan Hoffmann, David Rubinow, Jeffrey Jonas, Steven Paul, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: Post-partum depression is a serious mood disorder in women that might be triggered by peripartum fluctuations in reproductive hormones. This phase 2 study investigated brexanolone (USAN; formerly SAGE-547 injection), an intravenous formulation of allopregnanolone, a positive allosteric modulator of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABAA) receptors, for the treatment of post-partum depression. METHODS: For this double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled self-referred or physician-referred female inpatients (≤6 months post partum) with severe post-partum depression (Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HAM-D] total score ≥26) in four hospitals in the USA...
June 12, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619475/post-partum-depression-a-glimpse-of-light-in-the-darkness
#17
Ian Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610830/mutual-regulation-between-infant-facial-affect-and-maternal-touch-in-depressed-and-nondepressed-dyads
#18
Ida Egmose, Katharina Cordes, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Mette Skovgaard Væver, Simo Køppe
The ability to regulate affect is important for later adaptive child development. In the first months of life, infants have limited resources for regulating their own affects (e.g. by gaze aversion), and for this reason they are dependent on external affect regulation from their parents. Previous research suggests that touch is an important means through which parents regulate their infants' affects. Also, previous research has shown that post-partum depressed (PPD) mothers and nonclinical mothers differ in their touching behaviors when interacting with their infants...
June 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588541/parenting-stress-mental-health-dyadic-adjustment-a-structural-equation-model
#19
Luca Rollè, Laura E Prino, Cristina Sechi, Laura Vismara, Erica Neri, Concetta Polizzi, Annamaria Trovato, Barbara Volpi, Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Elena Ierardi, Valentino Ferro, Loredana Lucarelli, Francesca Agostini, Renata Tambelli, Emanuela Saita, Cristina Riva Crugnola, Piera Brustia
Objective: In the 1st year of the post-partum period, parenting stress, mental health, and dyadic adjustment are important for the wellbeing of both parents and the child. However, there are few studies that analyze the relationship among these three dimensions. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between parenting stress, mental health (depressive and anxiety symptoms), and dyadic adjustment among first-time parents. Method: We studied 268 parents (134 couples) of healthy babies. At 12 months post-partum, both parents filled out, in a counterbalanced order, the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form, the Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570858/chronological-narratives-from-smoking-initiation-through-to-pregnancy-of-indigenous-australian-women-a-qualitative-study
#20
Gillian S Gould, Michelle Bovill, Marilyn J Clarke, Maree Gruppetta, Yvonne Cadet-James, Billie Bonevski
OBJECTIVE: One in two Indigenous Australian pregnant women smoke, yet little is known about their trajectory of smoking. This study aimed to explore Aboriginal women's narratives from starting smoking through to pregnancy. METHODS: A female Aboriginal Researcher conducted individual face-to-face interviews with 20 Aboriginal women from New South Wales, Australia. Recruitment, through Aboriginal services and community networks, continued until saturation was reached...
May 19, 2017: Midwifery
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