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Post partum depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300619/brain-neurotransmitters-in-an-animal-model-with-postpartum-depressive-like-behavior
#1
Y Avraham, Y Hants, L Vorobeiv, M Premishlano, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, D Mankuta, E Galun, S Arbel-Alon
Post-Partum Depression (PPD) occurs in 15% of pregnancies and its patho-physiology is not known. We studied female BALB/c ("depressive") and C57BL/6 (control) mice as a model for PPD and assessed their behavior and correlates with brain neurotransmitters (NTs) - norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin and intermediates, during the pre-pregnancy (PREP), pregnancy (PREG) and post-Partum (PP) periods. Depressive-like behavior was evaluated by the Open Field (OFT), Tail Suspension (TST) and Forced Swim (FST) tests...
March 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290763/psychosocial-risk-factors-and-treatment-of-new-onset-and-recurrent-depression-during-the-post-partum-period
#2
Pirjo Kettunen, Jukka Hintikka
BACKGROUND: When developing maternity care services, it is important to know how psychosocial factors affect the course of post-partum depression (PPD), and how depressed mothers are treated. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess how adverse childhood experiences, poor present support and violence, and low socioeconomic status (SES) associate with PPD, specifically in new onset and recurrent post-partum depression. The second aim is to assess the treatment received for PPD...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282707/post-partum-depression-effect-on-child-health-and-development
#3
Fatemeh Abdollahi, Farideh Rezai Abhari, Mehran Zarghami
While studies have shown the disastrous effects of post-partum depression (PPD) on children's behaviors, there is relatively lack of reliable data in Asian countries. This study examined the relative significance of maternal PPD in children's developmental disabilities at age four. In a longitudinal study design (2009), 1801 pregnant women attending in primary health centers of Mazandaran province in the north of Iran provided self-reports of depression from two to twelve postpartum weeks using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271578/fathers-make-a-difference-positive-relationships-with-mother-and-baby-in-relation-to-infant-colic
#4
C P Alexander, J Zhu, I M Paul, K H Kjerulff
BACKGROUND: Maternal psychological factors like depression, anxiety and stress have been associated with infant fussiness or colic. However, little research exists on whether positive factors such as social support and the happiness of the mother-partner relationship are associated with lower rates of infant fussiness or colic. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between infant colic and three types of maternal support: general maternal social support (during pregnancy and post partum), the happiness of the mother-partner relationship (during pregnancy and post partum) and partner involvement in caring for the newborn...
March 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161387/intranasal-oxytocin-but-not-vasopressin-augments-neural-responses-to-toddlers-in-human-fathers
#5
Ting Li, Xu Chen, Jennifer Mascaro, Ebrahim Haroon, James K Rilling
This study investigates paternal brain function with the hope of better understanding the neural basis for variation in caregiving involvement among men. The neuropeptides oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are implicated in paternal caregiving in humans and other species. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject pharmaco-functional MRI experiment, we randomized 30 fathers of 1-2year old children to receive either 24IU intranasal OT before one scan and placebo before the other scan (n=15) or 20IU intranasal AVP before one scan and placebo before the other scan (n=15)...
February 1, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#6
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065954/postpartum-depression-and-associated-factors-after-emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy
#7
Mehmet Baki Senturk, Yusuf Cakmak, Ahmet Ozalp
OBJECTIVE: To investigate post-partum depression after emergency peripartum hysterectomy and associated factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional controlled study was conducted at Batman Gynaecology and Paediatric Diseases Hospital, Batman, Turkey, between June 15 and July 23, 2015, and comprised cases of patients with peripartum hysterectomy and of those who had experienced surgical procedures other than hysterectomy (hypogastric artery ligation and/or B-Lynch suture)...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012571/perinatal-nutrition-interventions-and-post-partum-depressive-symptoms
#8
REVIEW
Jacqueline F Gould, Karen Best, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mood disorder associated with childbirth. No single cause of PPD has been identified, however the increased risk of nutritional deficiencies incurred through the high nutritional requirements of pregnancy may play a role in the pathology of depressive symptoms. Three nutritional interventions have drawn particular interest as possible non-invasive and cost-effective prevention and/or treatment strategies for PPD; omega-3 (n-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), vitamin D and overall diet...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996986/-effectiveness-of-a-postnatal-psychological-treatment-for-women-who-had-screened-positive-for-depression
#9
Fiorino Mirabella, Paolo Michielin, Daniele Piacentini, Franco Veltro, Gina Barbano, Marina Cattaneo, Gabriella Palumbo, Antonella Gigantesco
AIM: This study evaluates the effectiveness of a psychological intervention based on a brief cognitive behavioural and psycho-educational treatment for women suffering from post partum depression. METHOD: The sample was recruited within a programme of screening and early intervention for post partum depression risk. 1558 women were screened between the 6th and 12th week after birth. 110 (7.1%) of them resulted positive to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (score ≥12) and 81 accepted a thorough clinical diagnostic examination through the administration of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and the self-assessment instruments Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Psychological Well-being Scales, Short-Form Health Survey and Positivity Scale...
November 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939485/postpartum-physiology-psychology-and-paediatric-follow-up-study-p4-study-study-protocol
#10
Gregory K Davis, Lynne Roberts, George Mangos, Amanda Henry, Franziska Pettit, Anthony O'Sullivan, Caroline S E Homer, Maria Craig, Samuel B Harvey, Mark A Brown
BACKGROUND: Women who have had hypertension in pregnancy are at greater risk of long term cardiovascular disease (CVD). Little is known about their cardiovascular risk postpartum or the effects on the woman's mental health and the outcomes of their infants. In this project we will study the physiological and psychological health of women and the physical health and development of their infants six months, two years and five years after birth. We will establish normal blood pressure (BP) and metabolic function for women who were normotensive in pregnancy and use these to assess women who had gestational hypertension (GH) or preeclampsia (PE)...
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931248/postpartum-depression-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-a-low-income-urban-settlement-in-nairobi-kenya
#11
Beatrice A Madeghe, Violet N Kimani, Ann Vander Stoep, Semret Nicodimos, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression can compromise caregiving activities, including infant feeding practices, resulting in child malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of postpartum depression on infant feeding practices and malnutrition among women in an urban low income settlement in Nairobi-Kenya. We conducted a cross-sectional study based in Kariobangi North Health Centre in Nairobi County. The study sample included 200 mother-infant pairs visiting the Maternal and Child Health clinics for infant immunization at 6-14 weeks postpartum...
December 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897022/-postpartum-blues-a-czech-adaptation-of-the-maternity-blues-questionnaire
#12
L Takács, F Smolík, J Mlíková Seidlerová, P Čepický, S Hoskovcová
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Kennerley and Gaths Maternity Blues Questionnaire (MBQ) for the Czech postpartum population, to present the psychometric properties of the Czech version of that screening method, and to assess its predictive power for the risk of postpartum depression. DESIGN: Original study. SETTING: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Charles University, Prague. METHODS: The Czech version of the MBQ was validated on a sample of 1093 women...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834159/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-early-childhood-cognitive-development-a-meta-analysis
#13
Y Liu, S Kaaya, J Chai, D C McCoy, P J Surkan, M M Black, A-L Sutter-Dallay, H Verdoux, M C Smith-Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Previous findings have been mixed regarding the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and child cognitive development. The objective of this study was to systematically review relevant literature and to perform a meta-analysis. METHOD: Three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO) were searched. Initial screening was conducted independently by two reviewers. Studies selected for detailed review were read in full and included based on a set of criteria...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822980/long-term-postpartum-health-problems-in-turkish-women-prevalence-and-associations-with-self-rated-health
#14
Sevde Aksu, Füsun G Varol, Nevin Hotun Sahin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of physical and emotional health problems associated with labor and their relationship with self-rated health measures. METHODS: Four hundred women were enrolled. Data collection was accomplished through the completion of a form on sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics, a questionnaire that measured the self-rated health level as well as physical health problems, and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale. RESULTS: Most commonly reported health problems in the initial six-week period were fatigue (77...
April 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810668/risk-factors-for-suicide-attempt-in-pregnancy-and-the-post-partum-period-in-women-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#15
Florence Gressier, Virginie Guillard, Odile Cazas, Bruno Falissard, Nine M-C Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay
Suicide is a major public health concern worldwide, and mental disorders have been identified as a main risk factor. Suicide is also one of the leading causes of perinatal maternal mortality, but very few studies have focused on suicide attempts (SA) in the perinatal period. This work aims to assess risk factors associated with SA in pregnancy and in the post-partum period in women with mental health disorders. Women (n = 1439) with psychiatric disorders jointly admitted with their infant to 16 psychiatric Mother-Baby Units over 10 years (2001-2010) were assessed retrospectively for the occurrence of SA in pregnancy or the postpartum period...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765939/inadvertent-methylergonovine-administration-to-a-neonate
#16
Bryan M Corbett, Charles O'Connell, Mallory A Boutin, Nabil I Fatayerji, Charles W Sauer
BACKGROUND Methylergonovine is an ergot alkaloid used to treat post-partum hemorrhage secondary to uterine atony. Mistaking methylergonovine for vitamin K with accidental administration to the neonate is a rare iatrogenic illness occurring almost exclusively in the delivery room setting. Complications of ergot alkaloids in neonates include respiratory depression, seizures, and death. CASE REPORT A term infant was inadvertently given 0.1 mg of methylergonovine intramuscularly in the right thigh. The error was only noted when the vial of medication was scanned, after administration, identifying it as methylergonovine rather than vitamin K...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705838/luteinizing-hormone-follicle-stimulating-hormone-ratio-as-biological-predictor-of-post-partum-depression
#17
R Ramachandran Pillai, Leena Sharon, Nancy R Premkumar, Shivanand Kattimani, Haritha Sagili, Soundravally Rajendiran
BACKGROUND: Post-partum depression (PPD) is the common adverse outcome of child bearing which affects the wellbeing of both mother and newborn and has long-term effects. Hence, reliable potential biological tests for early detection of PPD are essential. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) were associated with depressive disorders and the present study estimated the levels of serum FSH, LH in postpartum depression and explored them as predictive biomarkers in the development of PPD...
January 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695496/prediction-of-incidence-and-bio-psycho-socio-cultural-risk-factors-of-post-partum-depression-immediately-after-birth-in-an-iranian-population
#18
Fatemeh Abdollahi, Mehran Zarghami, Shariff-Ghazali Sazlina, Azhar Md Zain, Asghari Jafarabadi Mohammad, Munn-Sann Lye
INTRODUCTION: Post-partum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mental problem associated with childbirth. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of early PPD and possible relevant risk factors among women attending primary health centers in Mazandaran province, Iran for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted among 2279 eligible women during weeks 32-42 of pregnancy to determine bio-psycho-socio-cultural risk factors of depression at 2 weeks post-partum using the Iranian version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694083/the-relational-dimension-of-care-for-maternity-blues-and-its-relation-to-decompensation-of-a-psychiatric-disorder-during-the-intermediate-postpartum-period-in-cameroon
#19
C P Mboua, B A Nkoum, S P Abessouguié
In a setting such as Cameroon, where perinatal care offers few services for women with psychiatric problems during pregnancy, delivery, and the immediate postpartum period, the development of the relational dimension of care may help prevent severe psychiatric disorders . This study evaluates the role of the relational dimension of perinatal and early postpartum care (providing perinatal counseling and a space to speak) on women with blues on the intermediate-term outcomes of decompensation, in view of the importance of the emotional issues occurring in the perinatal period...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660558/recognition-and-management-of-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety-by-general-practitioners-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth Ford, Judy Shakespeare, Fatin Elias, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Perinatal anxiety and depression are widespread, with up to 20% of women affected during pregnancy and after birth. In the UK, management of perinatal mental health falls under the remit of general practitioners (GPs). We reviewed the literature on GPs' routine recognition, diagnosis and management of anxiety and depression in the perinatal period. METHOD: A systematic search of Embase, Medline, PsycInfo, Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science was conducted...
September 22, 2016: Family Practice
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