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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145831/copd-online-rehabilitation-versus-conventional-copd-rehabilitation-rationale-and-design-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol-core-trial
#2
Henrik Hansen, Theresa Bieler, Nina Beyer, Nina Godtfredsen, Thomas Kallemose, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a key treatment in COPD. However, despite the existing evidence and a strong recommendation from lung associations worldwide, 50% of patients with COPD decline to participate in COPD rehabilitation program and 30-50% drop-out before completion. The main reasons are severe symptoms, inflexible accessibility and necessity for transportation. Currently there are no well-established and evident rehabilitation alternatives...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145575/validity-of-the-somatic-symptom-disorder-b-criteria-scale-ssd-12-in-primary-care
#3
Anne Toussaint, Bernhard Riedl, Simon Kehrer, Antonius Schneider, Bernd Löwe, Klaus Linde
Aim: The Somatic Symptom Disorder-B Criteria Scale (SSD-12) assesses the psychological features of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the psychometric characteristics and validity of the 12-item instrument to demonstrate its suitability in primary care. Method: The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey set in five primary care practices from Munich, Germany (n = 501, 52.0% female, mean age 47 ± 16 years)...
November 13, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144984/developing-a-scale-to-assess-health-regulatory-focus
#4
Rebecca A Ferrer, Isaac M Lipkus, Jennifer L Cerully, Colleen M McBride, James A Shepperd, William M P Klein
RATIONALE: Regulatory focus (i.e., focus on motivation to achieve gains or avoid losses and non-gains) is used to tailor health behavior change interventions, improving efficacy, but is currently assessed by scales that are not health-specific and may capture a version of the construct that is not ideally matched to the rationale for tailoring. OBJECTIVE: We developed and validated a Health Regulatory Focus Scale (HRFS), which assesses tendencies to avoid negative health consequences (prevention focus) or achieve positive health outcomes (promotion focus)...
November 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143483/the-impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-adherence-to-buprenorphine-a-claims-based-analysis
#5
Megan Litz, Douglas Leslie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research has been inconclusive about whether opioid-dependent patients with psychiatric comorbidities have shorter treatment retention and higher relapse rates. This study aims to evaluate the impact of mental health comorbidities on adherence to buprenorphine using a large, national health insurance claims data base. METHODS: We used MarketScan® data from 2012 to 2014 to perform this analysis. Inclusion criteria included all patients with an opioid use disorder-related ICD-9 code who had been prescribed buprenorphine (n = 2947)...
November 16, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141362/-evaluation-of-the-psychological-feature-and-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-somatic-symptoms-disorder-in-a-general-hospital
#6
F H Cui, N N Xiong, X Hong, Y P Duan, J Wei
Objective: To explore the psychological features and quality of life in outpatients with somatic symptoms disorder in a general hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2014-05 to 2015-06. Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) and somatic symptoms disorder (SSD) were recruited from psychological outpatient department, and patients with peptic ulcer (PU) / reflux esophagitis (RE) were recruited from Gastroenterology. Depression scale of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), Toronto Alexithymia scale (TAS), 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), items from Somatoform Disorder Screening Questionnaire were employed to evaluate the severity of depression, anxiety, alexithymia, quality of life, health care use and subjective feelings...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140450/smoking-cessation-delivery-by-general-practitioners-in-crete-greece
#7
Charis Girvalaki, Sophia Papadakis, Constantine Vardavas, Eleni Petridou, Andrew Pipe, Christos Lionis
Background: Tobacco dependence treatment in clinical settings is of prime public health importance, especially in Greece, a country experiencing one of the highest rates of tobacco use in Europe. Methods: Our study aimed to examine the characteristics of tobacco users and document rates of tobacco treatment delivery in general practice settings in Crete, Greece. A cross-sectional sample of patients (n = 2, 261) was screened for current tobacco use in 25 general practices in Crete, Greece in 2015/16...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135060/a-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-a-young-adult-population-and-its-association-with-psychological-and-functional-occlusal-parameters
#8
Hemant Maheshkumar Jivnani, Shuchi Tripathi, Rama Shanker, Balendra Pratap Singh, Kaushal Kishor Agrawal, Rameshwari Singhal
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in medical university students and to analyze the relationship of TMD with psychological and functional occlusal parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 students (mean age 21.81 ± 1.99) were screened for TMD with the TMD Pain Screener. Clinical examinations identified the participants with TMD. Based on their diagnostic criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) axis I diagnosis, participants were divided into three groups: group 1- non-TMD, group 2- pain related TMD and headaches, and group 3- intra-articular joint disorders...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133983/concomitant-psychiatric-symptoms-and-impaired-quality-of-life-in-women-with-cervical-cancer-a-critical-review
#9
REVIEW
Stephanie Klügel, Caroline Lücke, Aurora Meta, Meike Schild-Suhren, Eduard Malik, Alexandra Philipsen, Helge Ho Müller
Our aim was to summarize the current relevant literature on concomitant psychiatric symptoms with a focus on anxiety/depression in a population with gynecologic cancer; to identify the predictors, associated factors, and prevention strategies of psychiatric disorders; to examine psychiatric disorders in a population with recurrent gynecologic cancer; and to describe the limitations of the literature and future research areas. Little is known about attending psychiatric disorders in patients with gynecologic and other malignant diseases like cervical or breast cancer...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132998/waiting-for-radiology-test-results-patient%C3%A2-expectations-and-emotional-disutility
#10
Sean Woolen, Ella A Kazerooni, Amber Wall, Kelly Parent, Shannon Cahalan, Mitchell Alameddine, Matthew S Davenport
PURPOSE: To measure patient willingness to wait and emotional disutility of waiting for outpatient imaging test results. METHODS: A prospective HIPAA-compliant multicenter outpatient quality improvement survey was administered by a trained interviewer to 218 outpatients from November 1, 2016, to February 1, 2017. The survey was vetted by patient- and family-centered care advocates with experience in survey design and underwent precognitive testing for readability...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132782/midterm-outcomes-after-postoperative-delirium-on-cognition-and-mood-in-patients-after-cardiac-surgery
#11
Quyen Nguyen, Kelsey Uminski, Brett M Hiebert, Navdeep Tangri, Rakesh C Arora
OBJECTIVE: Delirium is a common neurologic complication after cardiac surgery. Our primary objective was to determine the impact of delirium on self-reported problems with midterm cognitive functioning and mood postcardiac surgery. METHODS: A single-center, prospective cohort study was conducted, enrolling 197 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or valve replacement. Baseline cognition and mood were assessed preoperatively in elective patients as a part of routine care using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and Patient Health Questionnaire 9, respectively...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131123/exploring-factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-among-hospitalized-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Abdulkareem AlBekairy, Salah AbuRuz, Bandar Alsabani, Abdulmajeed Alshehri, Tariq Aldebasi, Abdulmalik Alkatheri, Hind Almodaimegh
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to determine the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression, and to explore associated factors among hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All patients with type 2 diabetes (160 patients) who were admitted to the Internal Medicine Wards, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the study period were asked to participate and 158 patients agreed to do so. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of two parts was used...
November 3, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129255/regional-variation-in-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-a-fontan-circulation-a-multinational-perspective
#13
Nicholas D Fogleman, Silke Apers, Philip Moons, Stacey Morrison, Samuel G Wittekind, Martha Tomlin, Kathy Gosney, Maayke A Sluman, Bengt Johansson, Junko Enomoto, Mikael Dellborg, Chun-Wei Lu, Raghavan Subramanyan, Koen Luyckx, Werner Budts, Jamie Jackson, Adrienne Kovacs, Alexandra Soufi, Katrine Eriksen, Corina Thomet, Malin Berghammer, Edward Callus, Susan M Fernandes, Maryanne Caruana, Stephen C Cook, Andrew S Mackie, Kamila S White, Paul Khairy, Shelby Kutty, Gruschen Veldtman
BACKGROUND: Impaired quality of life (QOL) is associated with congenital heart disease (CHD) and country of residence; however, few studies have compared QOL in patients with differing complexities of CHD across regional populations. The current study examined regional variation in QOL outcomes in a large multinational sample of patients with a Fontan relative to patients with atrial septal defects (ASDs) and ventricular septal defects (VSDs). METHODS: From the Assessment of Patterns of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Adults with Congenital Heart disease-International Study (APPROACH-IS), 405 patients (163 Fontan and 242 ASD/VSD) across Asia, Europe, and North America provided consent for access to their medical records and completed a survey evaluating QOL (0 to 100 linear analog scale)...
November 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129233/low-fermentable-oligo-di-mono-saccharides-and-polyol-diet-in-the-treatment-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Dania Schumann, Petra Klose, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos, Jost Langhorst, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the effects of a low fermentable, oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyol (FODMAP) diet (LFD) on the severity of symptoms, quality of life, and safety in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: The MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases were screened through January 19, 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared LFD to other diets were included if they assessed symptoms of IBS or abdominal pain in patients with IBS...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129218/screening-older-adults-for-mental-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Gary J Kennedy, Mirnova E Ceïde
Avoidable disability associated with depression, anxiety, and impaired cognition among older adults is pervasive. Incentives for detection of mental disorders in late life include increased reimbursement, reduced cost, and less burden for patients and families. However, screening not aligned with diagnosis, intervention, and outcome assessment has questionable utility. The link between screening, treatment, and outcomes is well established for depression, less so for anxiety and impaired cognition. This article details the use of common instruments to screen and assess depression, anxiety, and cognitive impairment...
February 2018: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124447/psychiatric-screening-and-interventions-for-minor-refugees-in-europe-an-overview-of-approaches-and-tools
#16
Annerieke Horlings, Irma Hein
Currently hundreds of thousands of minor refugees entered Europe. This group has been exposed to traumatic events pre-, during, and post-migration and is at increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders. In this article, we describe the results of our literature search on screening and interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in minor refugees, in order to make recommendations for clinical practice. Results show that studies on diagnostic accuracy of assessment instruments and efficacy of mental healthcare interventions in this population are lacking...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122228/-depressive-symptoms-and-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-high-complexity-obstetric-patients-admitted-to-a-critical-care-obstetric-unit-in-cali-colombia
#17
Ana María Guerra, Diana María Dávalos Pérez, Alejandro Castillo Martínez
Depression is the main cause of years lossed due to disability in the world, and it affects 50% more women 50% than men. Perinatal depression has been linked with more anxiety, a chronic course, and disability than depression in other life stages. In spite of its high prevalence and serious health effects on both mother and foetus, it is frequently under-diagnosed. This study was performed on all high risk obstetric patients admitted to a critical care obstetric unit in Cali, Colombia, from January to June, 2014...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121983/early-psychological-screening-of-intensive-care-unit-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Anna Milton, Emily Brück, Anna Schandl, Matteo Bottai, Peter Sackey
BACKGROUND: A majority of patients survive their episode of critical illness but up to 30% of patients suffer from psychological problems such as post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression in the year after intensive care unit (ICU) stay. A method to identify discharged patients at risk for adverse psychological outcome would be helpful in the triage for ICU follow-up and could enable early intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether early screening with validated questionnaires after ICU discharge can identify patients at risk for symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression 3 months after ICU stay...
November 9, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121505/reduced-reciprocal-giving-in-social-anxiety-evidence-from-the-trust-game
#19
Christine Anderl, Regina Steil, Tim Hahn, Patricia Hitzeroth, Andreas Reif, Sabine Windmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety is known to impair interpersonal relationships. These impairments are thought to partly arise from difficulties to engage in affiliative interactions with others, such as sharing favors or reciprocating prosocial acts. Here, we examined whether individuals high compared to low in social anxiety differ in giving towards strangers in an economic game paradigm. METHODS: One hundred and twenty seven non-clinical participants who had been pre-screened to be either particularly high or low in social anxiety played an incentivized Trust Game to assess trustful and reciprocal giving towards strangers in addition to providing information on real life interpersonal functioning (perceived social support and attachment style)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117876/the-role-of-gender-and-anxiety-in-the-association-between-somatic-diseases-and-depression-findings-from-three-combined-epidemiological-studies-in-primary-care
#20
E Asselmann, J Venz, L Pieper, H-U Wittchen, D Pittrow, K Beesdo-Baum
AIMS: Although associations between various somatic diseases and depression are well established, findings concerning the role of gender and anxiety disorders for these associations remain fragmented and partly inconsistent. Combining data from three large-scaled epidemiological studies in primary care, we aim to investigate interactions of somatic diseases with gender and anxiety disorders in the association with depression. METHODS: Self-reported depression according to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10) was assessed in n = 83 737 patients from three independent studies [DETECT (Diabetes Cardiovascular Risk Evaluation: Targets and Essential Data for Commitment of Treatment), Depression-2000 and Generalized Anxiety and Depression in Primary Care (GAD-P)] using the Depression Screening Questionnaire (DSQ)...
November 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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