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Anxiety screening

Eric S Zhou, Karen Clark, Christopher J Recklitis, Richard Obenchain, Matthew Loscalzo
PURPOSE: Cancer patients are likely to experience sleep problems. Understanding their perception of sleep problems is important as subjective symptom experience is associated with treatment-seeking behavior. We explored the prevalence of sleep problems and its correlates in a large sample of cancer patients at an important but understudied stage of their cancer journey: prior to initiating treatment. METHODS: Cancer patients (5702) (67.5% female; 76.9% White; 23...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
N Tehrani
Background: Working with victims and offenders of child abuse can impact on the health and well-being of police officers and staff. Aims: To identify the effects of tenure, work ability, gender and a personal experience of child abuse on symptoms of anxiety, depression and primary and secondary trauma in child abuse investigators (CAIs). Methods: Screening questionnaires were sent to police officers and staff. The officers and staff worked in child protection in seven police forces...
March 13, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Tiffany Field
The increasing prevalence of postnatal anxiety highlights the need for summarizing the recent research on this condition to inform screening and intervention efforts. This narrative review of the literature was derived from a search on PubMed and PsycINFO for papers published since 2010. The demographic risk factors for postnatal anxiety include being a young mother, having more education and being employed. Childbirth risk factors include being primiparous in one sample and multiparous in another, caesarean delivery, fear of the birth and of death during delivery, lack of control during labor, low self-confidence for the delivery and the delivery staff, and premature delivery...
March 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Hannah C Levy, Amber L Billingsley, Kristen S Springer, Scott Hannan, Akanksha Das, David F Tolin
OBJECTIVE: The Outcome Questionnaire-45.2 (OQ-45) is a self-report measure of general psychological distress. Although intended to be transdiagnostic, the OQ-45 may be best conceptualized as a measure of depression; as such, its utility in assessing other symptoms such as anxiety is unclear. METHOD: We examined scores on the OQ-45 in a sample of 329 patients with anxiety and related disorders, half of whom had co-occurring depression. RESULTS: Eighty-two percent of patients scored above the OQ-45 cutoff, whereas 18% were incorrectly screened out...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Areej El-Jawahri, Sarah R Fishman, Julie Vanderklish, Don S Dizon, Nicole Pensak, Lara Traeger, Joseph A Greer, Elyse R Park, Netana Markovitz, Lauren Waldman, Chrisa Hunnewell, Meredith Saylor, Jessica Driscoll, Zhigang Li, Thomas R Spitzer, Steven McAfee, Yi-Bin Chen, Jennifer S Temel
BACKGROUND: Although sexual dysfunction is common after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT), interventions to address sexual function are lacking. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study to assess the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a multimodal intervention to address sexual dysfunction in allogeneic HCT survivors. Transplant clinicians screened HCT survivors ≥3 months post-HCT for sexual dysfunction causing distress. Those who screened positive attended monthly visits with a trained transplant clinician who: 1) performed an assessment of the causes of sexual dysfunction; 2) educated and empowered the patient to address his or her sexual concerns; and 3) implemented therapeutic interventions targeting the patient's needs...
March 14, 2018: Cancer
Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Tarekegn Tesfaye Maru, Ahmad Alghadir, Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmed S Bahammam, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
BACKGROUND: Current evidence supports the applicability of the Leeds Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire (LSEQ) in screening for insomnia. The psychometric properties of the LSEQ have never been investigated in an African population. Therefore, this study aimed to validate the adapted version of the LSEQ-Mizan (LSEQ-M) in Ethiopian university students. METHODS: Of a preliminary sample of 750 (random sampling), 424 students (age = 21.87 ± 4.13 years and body mass index = 20...
March 13, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Souheil Hallit, Rabih Hallit, Marie-Claude Daher, Dory Hachem, Nelly Kheir, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although the rates of depression and anxiety disorders have been shown to be higher in older people, especially those living in institutional settings, most of this population remains undiagnosed and untreated. The objective is to translate the full-scale Geriatric Depression Scale (30 items, GDS) into Arabic for use in elderly patients in Lebanon, to check its validity and reproducibility in comparison to the original version of the questionnaire, and assess the risk factors associated with depression in the Lebanese geriatric population...
March 13, 2018: Psychopathology
Melissa Henry, Zeev Rosberger, Lola E Ianovski, Michael Hier, Anthony Zeitouni, Karen Kost, Alex Mlynarek, Martin Black, Christina MacDonald, Keith Richardson, Fabienne Fuhrmann, Gabrielle Chartier, Saul Frenkiel
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to identify predictors of Major Depressive Disorder in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients in the immediate post-treatment period (i.e., at three months post-diagnosis), with a focus on previously unexamined historical and contextual factors. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study of 223 consecutive adults (72% participation) newly diagnosed with a first occurrence of primary HNC, including validated psychometric measures, Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM Disorders, and medical chart reviews...
March 13, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jesús Rivera-Navarro, Rosa Sepúlveda, Israel Contador, Bernardino Fernández-Calvo, Francisco Ramos, Miguel Ángel Tola-Arribas, Miguel Goñi
The objective of our study is to validate the Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) as an instrument for detecting the maltreatment of people with dementia in Spain. In total, 326 informal caregivers of people with different types of dementia were interviewed in several cities in northwest Spain. The caregivers were selected from outpatient neurology clinics and associations of relatives of people with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. A comprehensive sociodemographic questionnaire was administered to all participants, and several standardized scales were used to assess burden, anxiety, depression, social support and resilience...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Jihane Ben Farhat, Karl Blanchet, Pia Juul Bjertrup, Apostolos Veizis, Clément Perrin, Rebecca M Coulborn, Philippe Mayaud, Sandra Cohuet
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, Europe has been facing an unprecedented arrival of refugees and migrants: more than one million people entered via land and sea routes. During their travels, refugees and migrants often face harsh conditions, forced detention, and violence in transit countries. However, there is a lack of epidemiological quantitative evidence on their experiences and the mental health problems they face during their displacement. We aimed to document the types of violence experienced by migrants and refugees during their journey and while settled in Greece, and to measure the prevalence of anxiety disorders and access to legal information and procedures...
March 13, 2018: BMC Medicine
A-S Le Provost, B Loddé, J Pietri, L De Parscau, L Pougnet, J-D Dewitte, R Pougnet
INTRODUCTION: Suffering at work among health professionals is a hot topic. Medical students, doctors of tomorrow, are far from being spared. Prevalence of anxiety and mood disorders range from 20.3 to 69 % for the former and from 12 to 30 % for the latter. The purpose of this article is to determine these factors by qualitative research, according to medical students' points of view. METHODS: It is a qualitative study using semistructured interviews. The analysis is done according to the Grounded Theory...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
L N Melek, M Devine, T Renton
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by sharp, electric shock-like pain, which can be triggered by trivial stimuli. Although medical and surgical treatments are available for TN, some patients experience refractory pain, which has a significant impact on their quality of life. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the psychosocial impact of orofacial pain in patients with diagnosed TN. A search was initiated in three electronic databases (Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed) to identify potential studies for inclusion in the review...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie M Wall, Katherine M Keyes, Mark Olfson, Magdalena Cerdá, Deborah S Hasin
BACKGROUND: Self-medication with drugs or alcohol is commonly reported among adults with mood or anxiety disorders, and increases the risk of developing substance use disorders. Medical marijuana laws (MML) may be associated with greater acceptance of the therapeutic value of marijuana, leading individuals to self-medicate. METHODS: The study utilized data from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (2004-2005). Participants were sampled from households in the general population and included adults with a mood or anxiety disorder in the past 12 months (n = 7418), and the subset of those who used marijuana and no other drug (n = 314)...
March 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Eliza M Park, Shari Gelber, Shoshana M Rosenberg, Davinia S E Seah, Lidia Schapira, Steven E Come, Ann H Partridge
BACKGROUND: Young adults with cancer experience disruptions in their normal developmental trajectories and commonly experience psychologic distress related to their diagnoses. Young women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) are at particular risk of adverse mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with anxiety and depression symptoms in young women with newly diagnosed de novo MBC. METHODS: A total of 54 women with newly diagnosed de novo MBC were identified from an ongoing, prospective, multicenter cohort of women diagnosed with breast cancer at age <40...
January 31, 2018: Psychosomatics
Daniel C McFarland, Kelly M Shaffer, Amy Tiersten, Jimmie Holland
BACKGROUND: Physical symptom burden and psychologic symptoms are highly prevalent in women with breast cancer. The Distress Thermometer and Problem List (DT&PL) is commonly used in oncology clinics to screen for distress and its accompanying Physical Problem List (PPL) identifies pertinent physical symptoms. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify physical symptoms found on the PPL and evaluate whether they are associated with psychologic symptoms in women with breast cancer...
January 31, 2018: Psychosomatics
Louis Jacob, Josep Maria Haro, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Studies on the association between symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and physical multimorbidity (i.e., ≥2 chronic conditions) are lacking. Thus, we assessed the association between PTSD symptoms and physical multimorbidity using nationally representative, community-based data of the UK adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey were analyzed. PTSD symptoms were assessed using the 10-item Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ)...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Brittany Litster, Charles N Bernstein, Lesley A Graff, John R Walker, John D Fisk, Scott B Patten, James M Bolton, Jitender Sareen, Renée El-Gabalawy, R A Marrie
Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. Transition from suicidal ideation (SI) to suicide attempt is high within a year of SI onset. The risk of suicide and SI is elevated in persons with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) versus the general population. We aimed to validate the Patient Heath Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 as a screening tool for SI in IBD and to determine factors associated with SI in IBD. Methods: IBD participants (n = 247) recruited from the community and clinics completed the PHQ-9 and participated in the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID)...
March 7, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Hersha Patel, Esther L Moss, Susan M Sherman
BACKGROUND: Primary HPV cervical screening is due to be implemented in England within the next 2years however, the acceptability of HPV testing as the primary screening test is unclear. This study explores women's awareness and attitudes towards HPV testing/screening. METHODS: Qualitative interviews (semi-structured and focus group) were conducted with forty-six women (aged 25-65years) from community and secondary care settings. Data was analysed using the inductive-framework method...
March 9, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Fredrika Norlund, Emma Wallin, Erik Martin Gustaf Olsson, John Wallert, Gunilla Burell, Louise von Essen, Claes Held
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of depression and anxiety are common after a myocardial infarction (MI). Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) has shown good results in other patient groups. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an iCBT treatment to reduce self-reported symptoms of depression and anxiety among patients with a recent MI. METHODS: In total, 3928 patients were screened for eligibility in 25 Swedish hospitals...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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