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Depression screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445837/the-development-and-validation-of-huaxi-emotional-distress-index-hei-a-chinese-questionnaire-for-screening-depression-and-anxiety-in-non-psychiatric-clinical-settings
#1
Jian Wang, Wan-Jun Guo, Lan Zhang, Wei Deng, Hui-Yao Wang, Jian-Ying Yu, Shan-Xia Luo, Ming-Jin Huang, Zai-Quan Dong, Da-Jiang Li, Jin-Ping Song, Yu Jiang, Nan-Sheng Cheng, Xie-He Liu, Tao Li
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety among general hospital patients are common and under-recognized in China. This study aimed toward developing a short questionnaire for screening depression and anxiety in non-psychiatric clinical settings, and to test its reliability and validity. METHODS: The item pool which included 35 questions about emotional distress was drafted through a comprehensive literature review. An expert panel review and the first clinical test with 288 general hospital patients were conducted for the primary item selection...
April 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441974/evaluating-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-group-psychological-intervention-using-cognitive-behavioural-strategies-for-women-with-common-mental-disorders-in-conflict-affected-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Anna Chiumento, Syed Usman Hamdani, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Katie Dawson, Richard A Bryant, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Parveen Akhtar, Aqsa Masood, Duolao Wang, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: The impact of humanitarian disasters upon mental health is well recognised. The evidence for psychological interventions for mental health is mounting, but few interventions have been rigorously tested in humanitarian settings. To be sustainable in humanitarian settings interventions need to be short, simple, deliverable by nonspecialists under supervision, and adopt a transdiagnostic approach where an array of mental health outcomes are addressed simultaneously. These elements have been incorporated into the newly developed WHO Problem Management Plus (PM+) Group intervention...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441852/-clinical-presentation-of-kleine-levin-syndrome
#4
Y Hu, J Y Wang, X S Dong, J Li, H Yan, P P Wang, L Zhao, X Z Zhang, F Han
Objective: To analyze the clinical features of Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) patients. Methods: Clinical data of 44 patients with KLS of the Sleep Center of Peking University People's Hospital from January 2002 to July 2013 were systematically reviewed. The predisposing factors and clinical presentations were summarized, and compared with the data from a Western KLS study with a large subjects number. Nocturnal polysomnography (PSG) and multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) were conducted during relapse and remission period, respectively...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441585/assessing-the-latent-structure-of-dsm-5-ptsd-among-chinese-adolescents-after-the-ya-an-earthquake
#5
Xiao Zhou, Xinchun Wu, Rui Zhen
To examine the underlying substructure of DSM-5 PTSD in an adolescent sample, this study used a confirmatory factor analysis alternative model approach to assess 813 adolescents two and a half years after the Ya'an earthquake. Participants completed the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children, and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders. The results found that the seven-factor hybrid PTSD model entailing intrusion, avoidance, negative affect, anhedonia, externalizing behaviors, anxious arousal, and dysphoric arousal had significantly better fit indices than other alternative models...
April 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441242/identifying-undiagnosed-pediatric-mental-illness-in-the-emergency-department
#6
La Vonne A Downey, Leslie S Zun
BACKGROUND: It is well known that pediatric psychiatric patients frequent emergency department (ED), but the number of patients with undiagnosed psychiatric illness presenting to an ED is not well known. Identification and referral of these patients may provide an opportunity for improved patient care. The primary study objective was to identify a tool that can screen for unsuspected psychiatric illness in pediatric patients who present to the ED with non-psychiatric-related complaints...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441153/discharge-criteria-for-the-late-preterm-infant-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Jenny M Quinn, Marteen Sparks, Sheila M Gephart
BACKGROUND: Standardized late preterm infant (LPI) discharge criteria ensure best practice and help guide the neonatal provider to determine the appropriate level of care following birth. However, the location can vary from the well newborn setting to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to examine differences in LPI discharge criteria between the well newborn setting and the NICU by answering the clinical questions, "What are the recommended discharge criteria for the LPI and do they differ if admitted to the well newborn setting versus the NICU?" SEARCH STRATEGY: Databases searched include CINAHL, TRIP, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library...
April 24, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440737/heart-rate-variability-depression-in-porcine-peritonitis-induced-sepsis-without-organ-failure
#8
Dagmar Jarkovska, Lenka Valesova, Jiri Chvojka, Jan Benes, Vojtech Danihel, Jitka Sviglerova, Lukas Nalos, Martin Matejovic, Milan Stengl
Depression of heart-rate variability (HRV) in conditions of systemic inflammation has been shown in both patients and experimental animal models and HRV has been suggested as an early indicator of sepsis. The sensitivity of HRV-derived parameters to the severity of sepsis, however, remains unclear. In this study we modified the clinically relevant porcine model of peritonitis-induced sepsis in order to avoid the development of organ failure and to test the sensitivity of HRV to such non-severe conditions. In 11 anesthetized, mechanically ventilated and instrumented domestic pigs of both sexes, sepsis was induced by fecal peritonitis...
May 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439746/plasma-phosphatidylethanolamine-and-triacylglycerol-fatty-acid-concentrations-are-altered-in-major-depressive-disorder-patients-with-seasonal-pattern
#9
Yurika Otoki, Marie Hennebelle, Anthony J Levitt, Kiyotaka Nakagawa, Walter Swardfager, Ameer Y Taha
Disturbances in peripheral and brain lipid metabolism, including the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been reported in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, these changes have yet to be confirmed in MDD with seasonal pattern (MDD-s), a subtype of recurrent MDD. The present exploratory study quantified plasma plasmalogen and diacyl-phospholipid species, and fatty acids within total phospholipids, cholesteryl esters, triacylglycerols and free fatty acids in non-medicated MDD-s participants (n = 9) during euthymia in summer or fall, and during depression in winter in order to screen for potential high sensitivity lipid biomarkers...
April 24, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439595/the-association-between-pain-and-sleep-in-fibromyalgia
#10
Buse Keskindag, Meryem Karaaziz
To clarify the association between pain and sleep in fibromyalgia.  Methods: Electronic databases, including PsycINFO, the Cochrane database for systematic reviews, PubMed, EMBASE, and Ovid were searched to identify eligible articles. Databases independently screened and  the quality of evidence using a reliable and valid quality assessment tool was assessed.  Results: In total, 16 quantitative studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. According to the results, increased pain in fibromyalgia was associated with reduced sleep quality, efficiency, and duration and increased sleep disturbance and onset latency and total wake time...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438030/non-specialist-psychosocial-support-interventions-for-women-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#11
Laura K Beres, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Jennifer Robinson, Alice Welbourn, Caitlin E Kennedy
Many women living with HIV experience a range of physical, social, and psychological challenges linked to their HIV status. Psychosocial support interventions may help women cope with these challenges and may allow women to make better decisions around their sexual and reproductive health (SRH), yet no reviews have summarized the evidence for the impact of such interventions on well-being and SRH decision-making among women living with HIV. We systematically reviewed the evidence for non-specialist delivered psychosocial support interventions for women living with HIV, which are particularly relevant in low-resource settings...
April 24, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434642/-late-life-depression-or-prodromal-alzheimer-s-disease-which-tools-for-the-differential-diagnosis
#12
A-I Gasser, V Salamin, S Zumbach
INTRODUCTION: Depression and Alzheimer's disease are both very frequent in elderly people. Cognitive deficits are the hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, but they are also common in depressed elderly people who often present cognitive deficits such as memory, attention and executive function problems. On the other hand, people with early Alzheimer's disease demonstrate emotional and behavioral disorders generally encountered in depression such as loss of energy, apathy, mood disorder, and irritability...
April 20, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432649/psoriasis-depression-and-inflammatory-overlap-a-review
#13
Nupur Patel, Anish Nadkarni, Leah A Cardwell, Nora Vera, Casey Frey, Nikhil Patel, Steven R Feldman
Psoriasis has an enormous impact on patients' lives and is frequently associated with depression. Depression in psoriasis may be attributed, at least in part, to elevated proinflammatory cytokines rather than the psychosocial impact of psoriasis itself. Biologics that target inflammatory cytokines treat the clinical manifestations of psoriasis, but may also play a role in reducing associated depression. Multiple biologics have decreased symptoms of depression during clinical trials in psoriasis; however, these studies used a variety of depression screening tools, which limits comparison...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431902/addressing-unmet-maternal-health-needs-at-a-pediatric-specialty-infant-care-clinic
#14
Matthew L Zerden, Anna Falkovich, Erin K McClain, Sarah Verbiest, Diane D Warner, Janice Kay Wereszczak, Alison Stuebe
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this intervention was to evaluate the feasibility of screening mothers of medically fragile infants in the domains of 1) depression, 2) tobacco exposure, and 3) family planning at a post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) developmental pediatric visit. Additionally, we sought to estimate the percentage who met criteria for further evaluation in the three domains assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire was administered to 100 caregivers of medically fragile infants at a specialty, post-NICU clinic visit...
April 18, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431511/validation-of-the-short-version-of-the-10-66-dementia-diagnosis-in-multiethnic-asian-older-adults-in-singapore
#15
Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Louisa Picco, Boon Yiang Chua, Martin Prince, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: To validate the short version of the 10/66 dementia diagnosis against the standard version of the 10/66 dementia diagnosis and clinical diagnosis and examine concurrent validity with the World Health Organisation Disability Assessment schedule and care needs in a multiethnic Asian older adult population in Singapore. METHODS: Data from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study, a nationally representative survey of the older Singapore Resident population aged 60 years and above was used...
April 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431489/apathy-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-insights-from-dimensional-apathy-scale
#16
Gabriella Santangelo, Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Cinzia Femiano, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Francesca Trojsi
OBJECTIVES: Apathy is associated with cognitive decline and worse survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); an accurate evaluation of this aspect is relevant in clinical settings. The aims of this study are to evaluate the prevalence of apathy in a large ALS sample, using published diagnostic criteria, and to explore the psychometric properties, the sensitivity and the specificity of the Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) as a screening tool for apathy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-one patients underwent clinical interview based on diagnostic criteria for apathy, DAS, Apathy Evaluation Scale, and assessment of depression, global cognitive functioning, and non-verbal intelligence...
April 21, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429883/older-adults-attitudes-toward-depression-screening-in-primary-care-settings-and-exploring-a-brief-educational-pamphlet
#17
Avani Shah, Forrest Scogin, Christina M Pierpaoli, Amit Shah
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess older adults' (OAs') attitudes toward depression screening in primary care settings with a survey and explore the impact of an educational pamphlet on these attitudes. METHODS: Older adults above age 55 (N = 140) were randomly stratified by sex to an intervention or control group. The study included a baseline assessment, posttest, the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, a two-page pamphlet on health and mood, and a 10-question quiz...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429847/outcome-of-individuals-not-at-risk-of-psychosis-and-prognostic-accuracy-of-the-basel-screening-instrument-for-psychosis-bsip
#18
Martina Papmeyer, Jacqueline Aston, Judith Everts-Graber, Ulrike Heitz, Erich Studerus, Stefan J Borgwardt, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz, Anita Riecher-Rössler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the prognostic accuracy of the Basel Screening Instrument for Psychosis (BSIP) in terms of specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative predictive value by following up individuals that were initially not considered to be at increased risk of psychosis based on the BSIP. Moreover, clinical characteristics of these individuals were examined given the relative lack of such information in the literature. METHODS: As part of the "Früherkennung von Psychosen" (FePsy) study, 87 individuals were screened with the BSIP...
April 21, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429694/the-rationale-and-design-of-the-national-familial-hypercholesterolemia-registries-in-turkey-a-hit1-and-a-hit2-studies
#19
Meral Kayıkçıoğlu, Lale Tokgözoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disease characterized by extremely high levels of cholesterol, leading to premature atherosclerosis. Although many countries have already addressed the burden of FH by means of national registries, Turkey has no national FH registry or national screening program to detect FH. Creation of a series of FH registries is planned as part of Turkish FH Initiative endorsed by the Turkish Society of Cardiology to meet this need. This article provides detailed information on the rationale and design of the first 2 FH registries (A-HIT1 and A-HIT2)...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428111/reproductive-healthcare-experiences-of-women-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Katharine Hayward, Angela Y Chen, Elizabeth Forbes, Rachel Byrne, Marcia B Greenberg, Eileen G Fowler
BACKGROUND: Little is known about pregnancy rates in women with disabilities in general and even less is known about women with child-onset disabilities such as cerebral palsy (CP). HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that discussions about pregnancy with healthcare providers and pregnancy rates for woman with CP would be related to their functional levels. METHODS: Survey methodology was used to gather information about demographics, function, whether women were asked about their desire for children, pregnancy outcomes, and services offered during pregnancy and postpartum...
April 5, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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