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Depression screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923193/preconception-personality-disorder-and-antenatal-maternal-mental-health-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Charlotte Hudson, Elizabeth Spry, Rohan Borschmann, Denise Becker, Paul Moran, Craig Olsson, Carolyn Coffey, Helena Romaniuk, Jordana K Bayer, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Prior anxiety and depression have been identified as risk factors for maternal perinatal mental health problems, but other preconception mental disorders have not been prospectively examined. This study investigated prospectively whether women with preconception personality disorder have increased rates of antenatal anxiety and/or depressive symptoms. METHODS: 244 women in a population cohort were assessed for personality disorder at age 24 using the Standardised Assessment of Personality...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923088/prevalence-of-depression-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Lisa S Rotenstein, Marco A Ramos, Matthew Torre, J Bradley Segal, Michael J Peluso, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen, Douglas A Mata
Importance: Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922843/persistent-breast-pain-among-women-with-histories-of-breast-conserving-surgery-for-breast-cancer-compared-with-women-without-histories-of-breast-surgery-or-cancer
#3
Sara N Edmond, Rebecca A Shelby, Francis J Keefe, Hannah M Fisher, John E Schmidt, Mary S Soo, Celette S Skinner, Gretchen M Ahrendt, Jessica Manculich, Jules H Sumkin, Margarita L Zuley, Dana H Bovbjerg
OBJECTIVES: This study compared persistent breast pain among women who received breast-conserving surgery for breast cancer and women without a history of breast cancer. METHODS: Breast cancer survivors (n=200) were recruited at their first postsurgical surveillance mammogram (6 to 15 mo postsurgery). Women without a breast cancer history (n=150) were recruited at the time of a routine screening mammogram. All women completed measures of breast pain, pain interference with daily activities and intimacy, worry about breast pain, anxiety symptoms, and depression symptoms...
January 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922567/validity-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-s-psychosocial-screening-interview-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-the-thoresci-study
#4
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
AIM: To examine the validity of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening instrument. METHOD: 508 acute (67%) or elective (33%) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients (mean age=63 years, SD=10; 81% male) completed the ESC screening interview and established questionnaires for psychosocial risk markers, i.e., depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), Type D personality (DS14), hostility (CMHS-7), and marital/work stress (MMQ-6, ERI) during or close after hospital admission...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920534/perceptions-and-impact-of-bipolar-disorder-in-japan-results-of-an-internet-survey
#5
Koichiro Watanabe, Eiji Harada, Takeshi Inoue, Yuka Tanji, Toshiaki Kikuchi
Bipolar disorder is a recurrent and episodic illness. This survey study assessed experiences and identified clinical insights of individuals with bipolar disorder. An Internet-based monitor system database was screened for patients with bipolar disorder in Japan (February and March 2013). Of 1,050 patients, 457 completed surveys, and results were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Approximately one-fourth of respondents were diagnosed with bipolar disorder on their first visit to medical institutions, although the most common initial diagnosis was depression/depressive state (65%)...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920484/psychological-effects-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-participants-vs-individuals-not-invited
#6
Benedicte Kirkøen, Paula Berstad, Edoardo Botteri, Linn Bernklev, Badboni El-Safadi, Geir Hoff, Thomas de Lange, Tomm Bernklev
AIM: To investigate the possible long-term psychological harm of participating in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in Norway. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized trial, 14294 participants (aged 50-74 years) were invited to either flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) screening, or a faecal immunochemical test (FIT) (1:1). In total, 4422 screening participants (32%) completed the questionnaire, which consisted of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the SF-12, a generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measurement, when invited to screening and one year after the invitation...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918326/anesthetic-considerations-for-patients-with-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
Saptashree M Basu, Frances F Chung, Shireen F AbdelHakim, Jean Wong
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a form of sleep-disordered breathing characterized by a diminished drive to breathe during sleep, despite progressive hypercapnia and hypoxia. The condition results from mutations in the paired-like homeobox 2B (PHOX2B) gene. The aim of this review was to conduct a systematic search of the current data on CCHS as it relates to perioperative considerations and to discuss the classification, prevalence, pathophysiology, presentation, genetics, and management of the condition...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918176/comparing-depression-screening-tools-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms
#8
Joshua Hanna, Jonathan B Santo, Mervin Blair, Kathy Smolewska, Erin Warriner, Sarah A Morrow
OBJECTIVE: Depression is more common among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) than the general population. Depression in MS is associated with reduced quality of life, transition to unemployment, and cognitive impairment. Two proposed screening measures for depression in MS populations are the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). Our objective was to compared the associations of the BDI-FS and the HADS-D scores with history of depressive symptoms, fatigue, and functional outcomes to determine the differential clinical utility of these screening measures among persons with MS...
December 5, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916427/tea-cocoa-coffee-and-affective-disorders-vicious-or-virtuous-cycle
#9
REVIEW
Tatiana García-Blanco, Alberto Dávalos, Francesco Visioli
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders is increasing worldwide, which underscores the importance of increasing research in this field, in terms of better detection, prevention based on improvement of lifestyle and diet, and effectiveness of treatment. Increasing evidence suggest that diet and exercise can affect proper neuronal development and physiology and protect the brain from neurological illnesses or injuries. Of note, cocoa, tea, and coffee are being actively investigated because they are rich in (poly)phenolic compounds that can modulate mental health, namely brain plasticity, behavior, mood, depression, and cognition...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916220/preventive-and-primary-care-for-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-patients
#10
REVIEW
Sarah R Floyd, Deidre M Pierce, Stephen A Geraci
Among the minorities underserved by today׳s healthcare system, the lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) population may be the least studied, and the least understood by healthcare providers. High-quality evidence is often lacking regarding optimal preventive care measures, both in medical areas that (to date) fail to identify differences in need between LGB and heterosexual patients, and in those more prevalent in or more specific (or both) to sexual minorities. Issues of substance abuse, sexual health and sexually transmitted diseases, obesity and other eating disorders, cardiovascular prevention, cancer prevention and screening, depression and other psychological disorders, social isolation and personal and intimate partner violence are all as or more important to address in LGB patients as they are in the general American population...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915390/lifetime-substance-use-as-a-predictor-of-postpartum-mental-health
#11
Betty-Shannon Prevatt, Sarah L Desmarais, Patricia A Janssen
Postpartum mood disorders (PPMD) affect approximately 10-20% of women and have adverse consequences for both mom and baby. Lifetime substance use has received limited attention in relation to PPMD. The present study examined associations of lifetime alcohol and drug use with postpartum mental health problems. Women (n = 100) within approximately 3 months postpartum (M = 2.01, SD = 1.32) participated in semi-structured interviews querying lifetime substance use, mental health history, and postpartum symptoms of anxiety, stress, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and obsessive compulsive disorder...
December 3, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915110/using-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-hads-on-patients-with-epilepsy-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-rasch-models
#12
Chung-Ying Lin, Amir H Pakpour
PURPOSE: The problems of mood disorders are critical in people with epilepsy. Therefore, there is a need to validate a useful tool for the population. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) has been used on the population, and showed that it is a satisfactory screening tool. However, more evidence on its construct validity is needed. METHOD: A total of 1041 people with epilepsy were recruited in this study, and each completed the HADS. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch analysis were used to understand the construct validity of the HADS...
November 29, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915047/physical-and-functional-interaction-of-snapin-with-cav1-3-calcium-channel-impacts-channel-protein-trafficking-in-atrial-myocytes
#13
Xiao-Li Sun, Ju-Fang Yuan, Tao Jin, Xiao-Qing Cheng, Qiang Wang, Jia Guo, Wei Zhang, Yin Zhang, Ling Lu, Zhao Zhang
The L-type Ca(2+) channel (LTCC) Cav1.3 plays a critical role in generating electrical activity in atrial myocytes and cardiac pacemaker cells. However, the molecular and functional basis of Cav1.3 modulation in atrial myocytes has not yet been fully understood. By using the yeast two-hybrid system (Y2H), a Cav1.3-associated protein was screened, which was identified as Snapin. Physical interaction and co-localization between Snapin and Cav1.3 were then confirmed in both the heterologous expression system and mouse atrial myocytes...
December 1, 2016: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914511/gas-chromatography-determination-of-fatty-acids-in-the-human-erythrocyte-membranes-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Zuzana Bystrická, Zdeňka Ďuračková
Blood fatty acid measurements can reflect exogenously consumed fatty acids allowing to resolve some metabolic disorders (e.g. diabetes, anorexia) or mental disorders (e.g. depression, anxiety, schizophrenia). For this purpose, fatty acids can be determined in the whole blood or various blood fractions such as the plasma, serum or erythrocytes. Measurement of fatty acids in the whole blood by dried blood spot technique is becoming increasingly popular and is often used mainly for the screening of newborns due to the use of the small sample volume...
December 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914469/predicting-general-and-cancer-related-distress-in-women-with-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer
#15
Andrea Gibbons, AnnMarie Groarke, Karl Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress can impact medical outcomes such as recovery from surgery and experience of side effects during treatment. Identifying the factors that explain variability in distress would guide future interventions aimed at decreasing distress. Two factors that have been implicated in distress are illness perceptions and coping, and are part of the Self-Regulatory Model of Illness Behaviour (SRM). The model suggests that coping mediates the relationship between illness perceptions and distress...
December 3, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913556/how-does-age-related-macular-degeneration-affect-real-world-visual-ability-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#16
Deanna J Taylor, Angharad E Hobby, Alison M Binns, David P Crabb
OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the evidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affecting real-world visual ability and quality of life (QoL). To explore trends in specific topics within this body of the literature. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PsychARTICLES and Health and Psychosocial Instruments for articles published up to January 2015 for studies including people diagnosed with AMD, assessing real-world visual ability or QoL as an outcome...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911380/method-for-identifying-small-molecule-inhibitors-of-the-protein-protein-interaction-between-hcn1-and-trip8b
#17
Ye Han, Kyle A Lyman, Matt Clutter, Gary E Schiltz, Quratul-Ain Ismail, Xiangying Cheng, Chi-Hao Luan, Dane M Chetkovich
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels are expressed ubiquitously throughout the brain, where they function to regulate the excitability of neurons. The subcellular distribution of these channels in pyramidal neurons of hippocampal area CA1 is regulated by tetratricopeptide repeat-containing Rab8b interacting protein (TRIP8b), an auxiliary subunit. Genetic knockout of HCN pore forming subunits or TRIP8b, both lead to an increase in antidepressant-like behavior, suggesting that limiting the function of HCN channels may be useful as a treatment for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908896/depression-screening-with-patient-targeted-feedback-in-cardiology-depscreen-info-randomised-clinical-trial
#18
Bernd Löwe, Stefan Blankenberg, Karl Wegscheider, Hans-Helmut König, Dirk Walter, Alexandra M Murray, Benjamin Gierk, Sebastian Kohlmann
BACKGROUND: International guidelines advocate depression screening in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and other chronic illnesses, but evidence is lacking. AIMS: To test the differential efficacy of written patient-targeted feedback v. no written patient feedback after depression screening. METHOD: Patients with CHD or hypertension from three cardiology settings were randomised and screened for depression (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01879111)...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907913/screening-younger-individuals-in-a-primary-care-setting-flags-putative-dementia-cases-and-correlates-gastrointestinal-diseases-with-poor-cognitive-performance
#19
Ilka M Rosa, Ana Gabriela Henriques, Liliana Carvalho, Joana Oliveira, Odete A B da Cruz E Silva
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diagnosing dementia is challenging in many primary care settings, given the limited human resources and the lack of current diagnostic tools. With this in mind, a primary care-based cohort was established in the Aveiro district of Portugal. METHODS: A total of 568 participants were evaluated using cognitive tests and APOE genotyping. RESULTS: The findings revealed a dementia prevalence of 12%. A strong correlation between increasing Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scores and education was clearly evident...
December 2, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906080/tonic-and-burst-spinal-cord-stimulation-waveforms-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-intractable-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Konstantin V Slavin, Richard B North, Timothy R Deer, Peter Staats, Kristina Davis, Roni Diaz
BACKGROUND: Burst stimulation is a novel form of neurostimulation for the treatment of chronic pain which has demonstrated promise in small uncontrolled studies, but has not yet gained approval for use in the U.S. We report the study methods for an ongoing multicenter, randomized, controlled, cross-over study designed to gain United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for burst stimulation. METHODS: Participants who are candidates for a currently approved neurostimulation device were enrolled and screened...
December 1, 2016: Trials
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