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Depression screening

Dandan Ge, Long Sun, Chengchao Zhou, Yangyang Qian, Li Zhang, Alexis Medina
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a global public health problem that has a significant negative influence on individuals, families and the society. The objective of this study is to explore the risk factors associated with suicidal ideation among the elderly in Shandong Province, China. METHOD: A total of 3313 participants (60+) of Shandong Province, China were included in this study. Suicidal ideation was assessed by using questions from the NCS (National Comorbidity Survey)...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Gregory P Beehler, Paul R King, Christina L Vair, Julie Gass, Jennifer S Funderburk
The VA has integrated psychologists and other licensed mental health providers, known collectively as co-located collaborative care (CCC) providers, into patients' primary care medical homes to improve mental health services for veterans. However, it is unclear if CCC providers are routinely using mental health measures as part of evidence-based, coordinated care. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and predictors of CCC provider utilization of brief, validated measures. A retrospective review of VA electronic medical records from 8403 veterans diagnosed with depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, or anxiety disorder was conducted...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Eiad AlFaris, Farhana Irfan, Riaz Qureshi, Naghma Naeem, Abdulaziz Alshomrani, Gominda Ponnamperuma, Nada Al Yousufi, Nasr Al Maflehi, Mohammad Al Naami, Amr Jamal, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: There is a need to better understand the depression phenomenon and to clarify why some students become depressed and others don't. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms among health professions' (HP) students, and to explore the association between socio-demographic factors (e.g. year of study, discipline, gender) and depressive symptoms. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional study, stratified proportionate sampling strategy was used to select the study sample during the academic year 2012-2013...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Elizabeth Croson, Jessica Keim-Malpass
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To gain a unique perspective of young women with cancer aged 20-39 years who are experiencing challenges with fertility and parenting through analysis of cancer blogs.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: A secondary analysis of online narratives using a focused thematic analysis approach, comparing women who were mothers prior to diagnosis with women who are exploring the possibility of motherhood after diagnosis.
. SETTING: Blogs found through websites and social media venues for young adults with cancer...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Marisa Elena Domino, Mona Kilany, Rebecca Wells, Joseph P Morrissey
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether medical homes have heterogeneous effects in different subpopulations, leveraging the interpretations from a variety of statistical techniques. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary claims data from the NC Medicaid program for 2004-2007. The sample included all adults with diagnoses of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression who were not dually enrolled in Medicare or in a nursing facility. STUDY DESIGN: We modeled a number of monthly service use, adherence, and expenditure outcomes using fixed effects, generalized estimating equation with and without inverse probability of treatment weights, and instrumental variables analyses...
October 21, 2016: Health Services Research
Robert K McNamara
Over the past three decades a body of translational evidence has implicated dietary deficiency in long-chain omega-3 (LCn-3) fatty acids, including eicosapenaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), in the pathophysiology and etiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Cross-national and cross-sectional data suggest that greater habitual intake of preformed EPA+DHA is associated with reduced risk for developing depressive symptoms and syndromal MDD. Erythrocyte EPA and DHA composition is highly correlated with habitual fish or fish oil intake, and case-control studies have consistently observed lower erythrocyte EPA and/or DHA levels in patients with MDD...
September 2016: J Nutr Intermed Metab
Jeffrey J Widrick, Matthew Alexander, Benjamin Sanchez, Devin Gibbs, Genri Kawahara, Alan Beggs, Louis Kunkel
Sapje zebrafish lack the protein dystrophin and are the smallest vertebrate model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Their small size makes them ideal for large-scale drug discovery screens. However, the extent that sapje mimic the muscle dysfunction of higher vertebrate models of DMD is unclear. We used an optical birefringence assay to differentiate affected dystrophic sapje larvae from their unaffected siblings and then studied trunk muscle contractility at 4-7 days post fertilization. Preparation cross-sectional area (CSA) was similar for affected and unaffected larvae, yet tetanic forces of affected preparations were only 30-60% of normal...
October 7, 2016: Physiological Genomics
Pietro Muratori, Simone Pisano, Annarita Milone, Gabriele Masi
BACKGROUND: The Child Behavior Checklist Dysregulation Profile (CBCL-DP), (high scores in Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior subscales), has been related to poor emotional and behavioral self-regulation in children and adolescents. Our aim is to evaluate if it may be associated with auto-aggression in youth with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Method In 72 consecutively referred youths with ODD, emotional dysregulation was assessed with the CBCL-DP, auto-aggression and physical aggression against other persons with the Modified Overt Aggression Scale...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Stefanie C Vuotto, Kevin R Krull, Chenghong Li, Kevin C Oeffinger, Daniel M Green, Sunita K Patel, Deokumar Srivastava, Marilyn Stovall, Kirsten K Ness, Gregory T Armstrong, Leslie L Robison, Tara M Brinkman
BACKGROUND: The current study was performed to examine associations between childhood cancer therapies, chronic health conditions, and symptoms of emotional distress in adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Participants included 5021 adult survivors of childhood cancer (mean age, 32.0 years [standard deviation, 7.6 years] with a time since diagnosis of 23.2 years [standard deviation, 4.5 years]) who completed measures assessing symptoms of anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress...
October 20, 2016: Cancer
Alexander J Steiner, Nathalie Boulos, James Mirocha, Stephanie M Wright, Katherine L Collison, Waguih W IsHak
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) often have high comorbidity, consequently influencing patient-reported outcomes of depressive symptom severity, quality of life (QOL), and functioning. We hypothesized that the combined effects of concurrent PTSD and MDD would result in worse treatment outcomes, whereas individuals who achieved MDD remission would have better treatment outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed 2280 adult participants who received level 1 treatment (citalopram monotherapy) in the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression study, including 2158 participants with MDD without comorbid PTSD and 122 participants with MDD with comorbid PTSD (MDD + PTSD)...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Neuropharmacology
Rachel Sayko Adams, John D Corrigan, Beth A Mohr, Thomas V Williams, Mary Jo Larson
This study examines whether the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-deployment binge drinking is independent of screening positive for mental health problems among male and female service members. Data are from the Substance Use and Psychological Injury Combat Study of Army members returning from deployment to Afghanistan or Iraq in fiscal years 2008-2011. The sample consists of 240,694 male and 26,406 female active duty members who completed initial and follow-up questionnaires. The initial questionnaire, completed at the end of deployment, included screens for TBI and mental health problems (posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, harmful thoughts)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Gabriella Juhasz, Eva Csepany, Mate Magyar, Andrea Edit Edes, Nora Eszlari, Gabor Hullam, Peter Antal, Gyongyi Kokonyei, Ian Muir Anderson, John Francis William Deakin, Gyorgy Bagdy
One of the main effects of the endocannabinoid system in the brain is stress adaptation with presynaptic endocannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1 receptors) playing a major role. In the present study, we investigated whether the effect of the CB1 receptor coding CNR1 gene on migraine and its symptoms is conditional on life stress. In a cross-sectional European population (n = 2426), recruited from Manchester and Budapest, we used the ID-Migraine questionnaire for migraine screening, the Life Threatening Experiences questionnaire to measure recent negative life events (RLE), and covered the CNR1 gene with 11 SNPs...
October 19, 2016: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
A K Taylor, E Netsi, H O'Mahen, A Stein, J Evans, R M Pearson
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are associated with increased risk of physical and mental illness. Identifying risk factors is an important method of reducing public health impact. We examined the association between maternal postnatal depression (PND) and offspring adolescent sleep problems. METHOD: The sample was derived from Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) participants. A sample with complete data across all variables was used, with four outcome variables...
October 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Sarah M Belcher, Emilie A Hausmann, Susan M Cohen, Heidi S Donovan, Elizabeth A Schlenk
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of multiple primary cancers (MPC) is increasing, but little is known about psychological distress in this population. The purpose of this study is to review and synthesize the literature regarding what is known about psychological distress in adults who have experienced MPC diagnoses. METHODS: All potentially eligible studies identified in PubMed and CINAHL were reviewed by two independent evaluators, and each relevant article was assessed for methodological quality...
October 18, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Dellanira Valencia-Garcia, Xiaoyu Bi, Cecilia Ayón
This paper examined the prevalence of depressive symptomotology among women of Mexican ancestry (N = 205), over the age of 18, of diverse incomes and nativity. We examined differences in rates of diagnosis by Spanish/English preference and the sensitivity and specificity of three common measures: the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9), the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10), and depression questions from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Short Form (MDD CIDI-SF); PHQ9 was used as the "gold standard" measure...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Tetsu Tomita, Norio Yasui-Furukori, Norio Sugawara, Kohei Ogasawara, Koki Katagai, Hisao Saito, Kaori Sawada, Ippei Takahashi, Kazuhiko Nakamura
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence of depression in hemodialysis (HD) patients using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies for Depression (CES-D) scale and the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (SCID) and compared the rates with those of community dwelling people in Japan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 99 patients undergoing HD were recruited. Blood sampling was performed no later than 2 weeks prior to assessment...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Candice Taylor Lucas, Mary Jo Messito, Rachel S Gross, Suzy Tomopoulos, Arthur H Fierman, Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Samantha Berkule Johnson, Benard Dreyer, Alan L Mendelsohn
OBJECTIVE: Determine maternal and infant characteristics associated with adding cereal into the bottle. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Study participants were immigrant, low-income, urban mother-infant dyads (n = 216; 91% Hispanic, 19% US-born) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial entitled the Bellevue Project for Early Language, Literacy and Education Success. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Maternal characteristics (age, marital status, ethnicity, primary language, country of origin, education, work status, income, depressive symptoms, and concern about infant's future weight) and infant characteristics (gender, first born, and difficult temperament)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Shih-Cheng Liao, Wei-Lieh Huang, Huei-Mei Ma, Min-Tzu Lee, Tzu-Ting Chen, I-Ming Chen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) in Taiwan, and to explore its relation to somatoform disorders (DSM-IV) and to somatic symptom and related disorders (DSM-5). METHODS: We recruited 471 individuals, 151 with somatoform disorders and 200 with somatic symptom and related disorders. Subjects completed the Chinese version of the PHQ-15, Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and received a DSM-IV- and DSM-5-based diagnostic interview...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Chu-Shiu Li, June Han Lee, Chwen-Chi Liu, Yan-Lan Chan, Christopher Wen, Mu-Lin Chiu, Min Kuang Tsai, Shan Pou Tsai, Jackson Pui Man Wai, Chwen Keng Tsao, Xifeng Wu, Chi Pang Wen
Widowhood has been increasingly encountered because of increasing longevity of women, often characterized by social stigmatization and poor physical and mental health. However, applied research to overcome its adversity has been quite limited. The goal of this study is to explore the role of physical activity in improving the health of widows.A cohort of 446,582 adults in Taiwan who successively participated in a comprehensive medical screening program starting in 1994, including 232,788 women, was followed up for mortality until 2008...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dokyoung Sophia You, Mary W Meagher
OBJECTIVE: Childhood adversity is a vulnerability factor for chronic pain. However, the underlying pain mechanisms influenced by childhood adversity remain unknown. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of childhood adversity on dynamic pain sensitivity in young adults. METHODS: After screening for childhood adverse events and health status, healthy individuals reporting low (below median; n = 75) or high levels of adversity (the top 5%; n = 51) were invited for pain testing...
October 13, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
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