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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353301/the-efficacy-of-motivational-intervention-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pathological-gambling
#1
Anna Garcia-Caballero, Marina Torrens-Lluch, Isabel Ramírez-Gendrau, Gemma Garrido, Vicenç Vallès, Núria Aragay
The aim of the current study is to determine the effectiveness of an individual psychological intervention based on the motivational interview and cognitive-behavioral therapy for the treatment of pathological gambling. A sample of 18 participants, diagnosed of pathological gambling and without any other associated comorbidity, were assessed, attended at the publicly-funded Gambling and Behavioral Addictions Unit (Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa). Median age was 46 years (SD = 12). All the patients achieved abstinence and completed follow-up...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351709/-validation-of-the-screening-for-complex-ptsd-skptbs-revision
#2
Florence Dorr, Martin Sack, Jürgen Bengel
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop further a screening instrument for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (cPTSD). The screening for cPTSD (SkPTBS) tests a) potential traumatic experiences, b) influential features and risk factors, and c) symptoms of cPTSD. The SkPTBS by Dorr et al. (2016) was revised according to the current ICD-11 criteria set proposal for cPTSD and is explored in its revised edition. METHOD: Impacts of long-lasting interpersonal trauma were tested in inpatients of psychosomatic rehabilitation and in patients consulting a university outpatient center for trauma therapy...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350128/between-a-rock-a-bye-and-a-hard-place-mood-disorders-during-the-peripartum-period
#3
Michael Thomson, Verinder Sharma
Mood disorders including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are common during and after pregnancy. Timely identification and appropriate management of mood episodes is essential to maximize maternal well-being and minimize adverse outcomes. Failure to do so results in maternal suffering and impaired child bonding, and has the potential for devastating outcomes including suicide and infanticide. Women are routinely screened for unipolar depression during or after pregnancy but not for bipolar disorder, in spite of the fact that childbirth is associated with a major risk for onset or exacerbation of bipolar disorder...
December 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350097/paternal-perinatal-depression-assessed-by-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-and-the-gotland-male-depression-scale-prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors
#4
Magdalena Carlberg, Maigun Edhborg, Lene Lindberg
Several studies have used the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), developed to screen new mothers, also for new fathers. This study aimed to further contribute to this knowledge by comparing assessment of possible depression in fathers and associated demographic factors by the EPDS and the Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS), developed for "male" depression screening. The study compared EPDS score ≥10 and ≥12, corresponding to minor and major depression, respectively, in relation to GMDS score ≥13...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349946/validation-study-of-a-korean-version-of-the-abbreviated-university-of-california-los-angeles-ptsd-reaction-index-abb-ucla-ptsd-ri-for-adolescents
#5
Tae Ho Kim, Doug Hyun Han, Seo Koo Yoo, Jung Jae Lee, Ji Eun Kim, Un Sun Chung
BACKGROUND: We aimed to verify a Korean version of the Abbreviated University of California, Los Angeles, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (Abb-UCLA-PTSD RI-Korean version) among Korean adolescents to assess post-traumatic stress in this population. METHODS: We recruited 1,254 adolescents who completed the Abb-UCLA-PTSD RI-Korean version scale, the Child Report of Post-Traumatic Symptoms (CROPS), the Lifetime Incidence of Traumatic Events (LITE), and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI)...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349282/does-non-standard-work-mean-non-standard-health-exploring-links-between-non-standard-work-schedules-health-behavior-and-well-being
#6
Megan R Winkler, Susan Mason, Melissa N Laska, Mary J Christoph, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
The last century has seen dramatic shifts in population work circumstances, leading to an increasing normalization of non-standard work schedules (NSWSs), defined as non-daytime, irregular hours. An ever-growing body of evidence links NSWSs to a host of non-communicable chronic conditions; yet, these associations primarily concentrate on the physiologic mechanisms created by circadian disruption and insufficient sleep. While important, not all NSWSs create such chronobiologic disruption, and other aspects of working time and synchronization could be important to the relationships between work schedules and chronic disease...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349268/socioeconomic-status-indicators-and-common-mental-disorders-evidence-from-a-study-of-prenatal-depression-in-pakistan
#7
Joanna Maselko, Lisa Bates, Sonia Bhalotra, John A Gallis, Karen O'Donnell, Siham Sikander, Elizabeth L Turner
There is growing interest in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES), poverty, and mental health in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, it is not clear whether a gradient approach focused on a wider SES distribution or a binary poverty approach is more salient for mental health in LMIC. Yet this distinction has implications for interventions aimed at improving population health. We contribute to the literature by examining how multiple indicators of socioeconomic status, including gradient SES and binary poverty indicators, contribute to prenatal depression symptoms in a LMIC context...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347967/data-quality-and-feasibility-of-the-experience-sampling-method-across-the-spectrum-of-severe-psychiatric-disorders-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Hugo Vachon, Aki Rintala, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Inez Myin-Germeys
BACKGROUND: Due to a number of methodological advantages and theoretical considerations, more and more studies in clinical psychology research employ the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) as a data collection technique. Despite this growing interest, the absence of methodological guidelines related to the use of ESM has resulted in a large heterogeneity of designs while the potential effects of the design itself on the response behavior of the participants remain unknown. The objectives of this systematic review are to investigate the associations between the design characteristics and the data quality and feasibility of studies relying on ESM in severe psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347154/ionization-potential-depression-and-dynamical-structure-factor-in-dense-plasmas
#9
Chengliang Lin, Gerd Röpke, Wolf-Dietrich Kraeft, Heidi Reinholz
The properties of a bound electron system immersed in a plasma environment are strongly modified by the surrounding plasma. The modification of an essential quantity, the ionization energy, is described by the electronic and ionic self-energies, including dynamical screening within the framework of the quantum statistical theory. Introducing the ionic dynamical structure factor as the indicator for the ionic microfield, we demonstrate that ionic correlations and fluctuations play a critical role in determining the ionization potential depression...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345866/cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-depression-awareness-assessment-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Larry Culpepper, Raymond W Lam, Roger S McIntyre
​​ Cognitive impairment is a common, often persistent, symptom of major depressive disorder (MDD) that is disproportionately represented in patients who have not returned to full psychosocial functioning. The ultimate goal of treatment in depression is full functional recovery, and assessing patients for cognitive impairment and selecting treatments that address cognitive dysfunction should lead to improved functional outcomes. Unfortunately, many clinicians use screening and assessment tools that are not suited for measuring cognitive impairment in patients with depression...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345479/culturally-adapted-transdiagnostic-cbt-for-ssri-resistant-turkish-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#11
Z Ceren Acarturk, Sami Abuhamdeh, Baland Jalal, Nurdan Unaldı, Behiye Alyanak, Mustafa Cetinkaya, Birgul Gulen, Devon Hinton
The most common mental health problems among adolescents are anxiety and mood disorders. While disorder-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is effective for each of these conditions, the comorbidity between anxiety and mood disorders indicates a need for the development of evidence-based transdiagnostic treatments. To examine the efficacy of culturally adapted transdiagnostic CBT (CA-CBT) in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in treatment-resistant Turkish adolescents, 13 adolescent participants with anxiety or mood disorders who were treatment resistant received 10 sessions of CA-CBT in group format...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345037/prevalence-of-cognitive-impairment-in-major-depression-and-bipolar-disorder
#12
Katie M Douglas, Peter Gallagher, Lucy J Robinson, Janet D Carter, Virginia Vw McIntosh, Christopher Ma Frampton, Stuart Watson, Allan H Young, I Nicol Ferrier, Richard J Porter
OBJECTIVES: The current study examines prevalence of cognitive impairment in four mood disorder samples, using four definitions of impairment. The impact of premorbid IQ on prevalence was examined, and the influence of treatment response. METHODS: Samples were: (i) 58 inpatients in a current severe depressive episode (unipolar or bipolar), (ii) 69 unmedicated outpatients in a mild to moderate depressive episode (unipolar or bipolar), (iii) 56 outpatients with bipolar disorder, in a depressive episode, and (iv) 63 outpatients with bipolar disorder, currently euthymic...
January 18, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344620/association-of-depression-with-mortality-in-older-adults-undergoing-transcatheter-or-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#13
Laura M Drudi, Matthew Ades, Sena Turkdogan, Caroline Huynh, Sandra Lauck, John G Webb, Nicolo Piazza, Giuseppe Martucci, Yves Langlois, Louis P Perrault, Anita W Asgar, Marino Labinaz, Andre Lamy, Nicolas Noiseux, Mark D Peterson, Rakesh C Arora, Brian R Lindman, Melissa Bendayan, Rita Mancini, Amanda Trnkus, Dae H Kim, Jeffrey J Popma, Jonathan Afilalo
Importance: Depression is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for adverse outcomes in cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about depression in older adults undergoing transcatheter (TAVR) or surgical (SAVR) aortic valve replacement. Objective: To determine the prevalence of depression and its association with all-cause mortality in older adults undergoing TAVR or SAVR. Design, Setting, and Participants: This preplanned analysis of the Frailty Aortic Valve Replacement (FRAILTY-AVR) prospective cohort study included 14 centers in 3 countries from November 15, 2011, through April 7, 2016...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343962/functioning-outcomes-with-adjunctive-treatments-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-studies
#14
REVIEW
Emmanuelle Weiller, Catherine Weiss, Christopher P Watling, Christopher Edge, Mary Hobart, Hans Eriksson, Maurizio Fava
Objective: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment (ADT) may suffer a prolonged loss of functioning. This review aimed to determine if self-rated functional measures are informative in randomized placebo-controlled studies of adjunctive therapy in patients with MDD and inadequate response to ADT. Methods: This was a systematic literature review of articles in any language from the MEDLINE database published between January 1990 and March 2017...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343960/changes-of-serum-uric-acid-and-total-bilirubin-in-elderly-patients-with-major-postischemic-stroke-depression
#15
Jie Gao, Wei Xu, Kun Han, Lu Zhu, Lili Gao, Xiuli Shang
Background: This was a longitudinal study which investigated the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and total bilirubin (Tbil) upon admission in elderly stroke patients and the occurrence of postischemic stroke depression (IPSD) at 3, 6, and 9 months of post-stroke follow-up. Subjects and methods: Data were analyzed for 525 acute ischemic stroke patients. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores >17 and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) were used separately to screen and diagnose IPSD at 3, 6, and 9 months post-stroke...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343935/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-bipolar-affective-disorder-a-case-series
#16
Suvarna Shirish Joshi, Mahendra Prakash Sharma, Shivarama Varambally
The present investigation was undertaken to examine the effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on interepisodic symptoms, emotional regulation, and quality of life in patients with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) in remission. The sample for the study comprised a total of five patients with the diagnosis of BPAD in partial or complete remission. Each patient was screened to fit the inclusion and exclusion criteria and later assessed on the Beck Depressive Inventory I, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, and The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment-BREF...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343739/qualitative-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-views-of-patients-and-healthcare-professionals
#17
REVIEW
Siân Russell, Oladapo J Ogunbayo, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona Beyer, Eileen Kaner
Self-management interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can improve quality of life, reduce hospital admissions, and improve symptoms. However, many factors impede engagement for patients and practitioners. Qualitative research, with its focus on subjective experience, can provide invaluable insights into such factors. Therefore, a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence on COPD self-management from the perspective of patients, carers, and practitioners was conducted. Following a systematic search and screening, 31 studies were appraised and data extracted for analysis...
January 17, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343229/the-colombo-twin-and-singleton-follow-up-study-a-population-based-twin-study-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-sri-lanka
#18
Kaushalya Jayaweera, Lisa Aschan, Gayani Pannala, Anushka Adikari, Nicholas Glozier, Khalida Ismail, Carmine M Pariante, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Sisira Siribaddana, Helena M S Zavos, Patricia A Zunszain, Athula Sumathipala, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: The disease burden related to mental disorders and metabolic syndrome is growing in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). The Colombo Twin and Singleton Study (COTASS) is a population-based sample of twins and singletons in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Here we present prevalence estimates for metabolic syndrome (metS) and mental disorders from a follow-up (COTASS-2) of the original study (COTASS-1), which was a mental health survey. METHODS: In COTASS-2, participants completed structured interviews, anthropometric measures and provided fasting blood and urine samples...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340911/prevalence-of-sexual-violence-and-its-association-with-depression-among-male-and-female-patients-with-risky-drug-use-in-urban-federally-qualified-health-centers
#19
Curtis W Bone, Amelia M Goodfellow, Mani Vahidi, Lillian Gelberg
Sexual violence (SV) is common; however, the prevalence of SV and its long term sequela vary geographically and among subpopulations within the USA. As such, the aims of this study are the following: (1) to determine the prevalence of SV, (2) to identify correlates of SV, and (3) to determine if SV is associated with depression among male and female risky drug users in urban Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in Los Angeles. This study includes adult patients of five urban FQHCs who self-reported risky drug use...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340154/the-impact-of-sepsis-delirium-and-psychological-distress-on-self-rated-cognitive-function-in-icu-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Emily Brück, Anna Schandl, Matteo Bottai, Peter Sackey
Background: Many intensive care unit (ICU) survivors develop psychological problems and cognitive impairment. The relation between sepsis, delirium, and later cognitive problems is not fully elucidated, and the impact of psychological symptoms on cognitive function is poorly studied in ICU survivors. The primary aim of this study was to examine the relationship between sepsis, ICU delirium, and later self-rated cognitive function. A second aim was to investigate the association between psychological problems and self-rated cognitive function 3 months after the ICU stay...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
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