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Depression screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101127/mental-health-and-trauma-in-asylum-seekers-landing-in-sicily-in-2015-a-descriptive-study-of-neglected-invisible-wounds
#1
Anna Crepet, Francesco Rita, Anthony Reid, Wilma Van den Boogaard, Pina Deiana, Gaia Quaranta, Aurelia Barbieri, Francesco Bongiorno, Stefano Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Italy was the second most common point of entry for asylum seekers into Europe after Greece. The vast majority embarked from war-torn Libya; 80,000 people claimed asylum that year. Their medical conditions were assessed on arrival but their mental health needs were not addressed in any way, despite the likelihood of serious trauma before and during migration. Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), in agreement with the Italian Ministry of Health, provided mental health (MH) assessment and care for recently-landed asylum seekers in Sicily...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100388/-reliability-and-validity-of-depression-scales-of-chinese-version-a-systematic-review
#2
X Y Sun, Y X Li, C Q Yu, L M Li
Objective: Through systematically reviewing the reliability and validity of depression scales of Chinese version in adults in China to evaluate the psychometric properties of depression scales for different groups. Methods: Eligible studies published before 6 May 2016 were retrieved from the following database: CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed and Embase. The HSROC model of the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) for Meta-analysis was used to calculate the pooled sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9. Results: A total of 44 papers evaluating the performance of depression scales were included...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100210/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-a-community-sample-in-western-kenya
#3
Edith Kwobah, Steve Epstein, Ann Mwangi, Debra Litzelman, Lukoye Atwoli
BACKGROUND: About 25% of the worldwide population suffers from mental, neurological and substance use disorders but unfortunately, up to 75% of affected persons do not have access to the treatment they need. Data on the magnitude of the mental health problem in Kenya is scarce. The objectives of this study were to establish the prevalence and the socio-demographic factors associated with mental and substance use disorders in Kosirai division, Nandi County, Western Kenya. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study in which participants were selected by simple random sampling...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100073/depression-in-hiv-and-hcv-co-infected-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Renata Fialho, Marco Pereira, Jennifer Rusted, Richard Whale
The aim of this study was to carry out a systematic review and meta-analysis of the differences in the prevalence of depression and presence of depressive symptoms between HIV/HCV co-infection, HIV mono-infection, and hepatitis C virus (HCV) mono-infection. A systematic electronic search of bibliographic databases was performed to locate articles published from the earliest available online until December 2014. Outcomes of depression were based on clinical interviews and validated self-reported measures of depression/depressive symptoms...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099692/a-hospital-based-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#5
Sandhya Jain, Khushboo Varshney, Neelam B Vaid, Kiran Guleria, Keya Vaid, Neha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, factors linked with IPV, and effects of IPV on maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India, 400 women at 20-28 weeks of pregnancy were screened for IPV between December 2013 and April 2015. The women completed a detailed questionnaire and were followed up until delivery. RESULTS: Overall, 49 (12...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099397/the-effects-of-attention-problems-on-psychosocial-functioning-in-childhood-brain-tumor-survivors-a-2-year-postcraniospinal-irradiation-follow-up
#6
Yunhye Oh, Hyunjung Seo, Ki Woong Sung, Yoo Sook Joung
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychosocial outcomes and impact of attention problems in survivors of pediatric brain tumor. STUDY DESIGN: The survivors' cognitive functioning was measured using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. The Child Behavior Checklist-Attention Problems scale was used to screen for attention problems, and participants were classified as having attention problems (n=15) or normal attention (n=36). Psychosocial functioning was examined with the Korean Personality Rating scale for Children (K-PRC) at precraniospinal radiation and at 2-year follow-up...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098176/comorbid-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#7
Yongjie Zhou, Zhongqiang Cao, Mei Yang, Xiaoyan Xi, Yiyang Guo, Maosheng Fang, Lijuan Cheng, Yukai Du
The comorbidity of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is common and often predicts poorer outcomes than either disorder alone. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of comorbid GAD and its association with quality of life (QOL) among MDD patients. A total of 1225 psychiatric outpatients were screened using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Those who scored ≥8 on the HADS were interviewed using DSM-IV criteria by two senior psychiatrists. Patients diagnosed with MDD were further assessed using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and World Health Organization QOL Scale, brief version (WHOQOL-BREF)...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097433/early-integration-of-palliative-supportive-cancer-care-healthcare-professionals-perspectives-on-the-support-needs-of-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers-across-the-cancer-treatment-trajectory
#8
Amy Rohrmoser, Martina Preisler, Konrad Bär, Anne Letsch, Ute Goerling
PURPOSE: Delivering palliative/supportive cancer care (PSCC) early in the course of cancer care can enhance patients' and caregivers' quality of life, reduce anxiety and depression, and prolong patients' lives. However, their support needs are analyzed insufficiently from viewpoints other than their own. The goal of this study was to explore the perspectives of healthcare professionals on desirable standards of support for tumor patients and caregivers across the cancer treatment trajectory...
January 17, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096882/design-and-methods-of-the-mood-disorder-cohort-research-consortium-mdcrc-study
#9
Chul-Hyun Cho, Yong-Min Ahn, Se Joo Kim, Tae Hyun Ha, Hong Jin Jeon, Boseok Cha, Eunsoo Moon, Dong Yeon Park, Ji Hyun Baek, Hee-Ju Kang, Vin Ryu, Hyonggin An, Heon-Jeong Lee
The Mood Disorder Cohort Research Consortium (MDCRC) study is designed as a naturalistic observational prospective cohort study for early-onset mood disorders (major depressive disorders, bipolar disorders type 1 and 2) in South Korea. The study subjects consist of two populations: 1) patients with mood disorders under 25 years old and 2) patients with mood disorders within 2 years of treatment under 35 years old. After successful screening, the subjects are evaluated using baseline assessments and serial follow-up assessments at 3-month intervals...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#10
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096007/health-related-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-among-seropositive-african-americans
#11
Christopher Lance Coleman
The primary aim of this descriptive correlational study was to determine which domains of health related quality of life (HRQOL) after controlling for demographic correlates predict depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive African American men and women on Active Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD-D), and the SF-36 Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) scale were administered. The regression analyses resulted in three models...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095971/associations-of-undiagnosed-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-with-depression-an-australian-population-study
#12
Carol J Lang, Sarah L Appleton, Andrew Vakulin, R Doug McEvoy, Andrew D Vincent, Gary A Wittert, Sean A Martin, Janet F Grant, Anne W Taylor, Nicholas Antic, Peter G Catcheside, Robert J Adams
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and/or excessive daytime sleepiness are associated with symptomatic depression in Australian men. METHODS: Participants were randomly selected, urban community dwelling men aged 40 to 88 y without a prior diagnosis of OSA. Clinically significant depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory-1A or Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (2007-2010)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095900/post-stroke-dementia-a-comprehensive-review
#13
REVIEW
Milija D Mijajlović, Aleksandra Pavlović, Michael Brainin, Wolf-Dieter Heiss, Terence J Quinn, Hege B Ihle-Hansen, Dirk M Hermann, Einor Ben Assayag, Edo Richard, Alexander Thiel, Efrat Kliper, Yong-Il Shin, Yun-Hee Kim, SeongHye Choi, San Jung, Yeong-Bae Lee, Osman Sinanović, Deborah A Levine, Ilana Schlesinger, Gillian Mead, Vuk Milošević, Didier Leys, Guri Hagberg, Marie Helene Ursin, Yvonne Teuschl, Semyon Prokopenko, Elena Mozheyko, Anna Bezdenezhnykh, Karl Matz, Vuk Aleksić, DafinFior Muresanu, Amos D Korczyn, Natan M Bornstein
Post-stroke dementia (PSD) or post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) may affect up to one third of stroke survivors. Various definitions of PSCI and PSD have been described. We propose PSD as a label for any dementia following stroke in temporal relation. Various tools are available to screen and assess cognition, with few PSD-specific instruments. Choice will depend on purpose of assessment, with differing instruments needed for brief screening (e.g., Montreal Cognitive Assessment) or diagnostic formulation (e...
January 18, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094461/comparison-of-the-32-item-hypomania-checklist-hcl-32-the-33-item-hypomania-checklist-hcl-33-and-the-mood-disorders-questionnaire-mdq-for-bipolar-disorder
#14
Yuan Feng, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Wei Huang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Gang Wang, Zhen Yuan, Yu-Tao Xiang
AIM: Bipolar disorder (BD) is frequently misdiagnosed as major depression and hence reliable and culturally appropriate screening tools are needed. This study compared the 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32), the 33-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-33), and the Mood Disorders Questionnaire (MDQ) for BD. METHODS: Altogether, 350 depressed patients were included. The HCL-32, the HCL-33 and the MDQ were completed by patients to identify manic and/or hypomanic symptoms...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093046/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-urdu-version-of-the-phq-9-to-screen-depression-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#15
Leila Gholizadeh, Shahzad Ali Khan, Farnoosh Vahedi, Patricia M Davidson
BACKGROUND: The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) possesses many characteristics of a good screening tool and has the capacity to be used for screening depression in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). AIM: To examine the psychometric properties and criterion validity of the PHQ-9 to screen and detect depression in patients with CAD in Pakistan Design: In this validation study, 150 patients with CAD completed the Urdu version of the PHQ-9. The major depressive episode module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) was used as the gold standard...
January 16, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092295/income-family-context-and-self-regulation-in-5-year-old-children
#16
Mengying Li, Jenna L Riis, Sharon R Ghazarian, Sara B Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Self-regulation (SR) is a core aspect of child development with enduring effects on health and wellbeing across the lifespan. Early childhood poverty may shape SR development. This study examined the cross-sectional relationship among family income, family context, and SR in 5-year-old children. METHODS: A total of 140 five-year-old children and their mothers participated in the study. Children completed a battery of SR tasks; mothers completed questionnaires...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091969/quality-of-life-as-predictor-for-the-development-of-cardiac-ischemia-in-high-risk-asymptomatic-diabetic-patients
#17
Philip Haaf, Myriam Ritter, Leticia Grize, Matthias E Pfisterer, Michael J Zellweger
BACKGROUND: Ischemia induced by psychological stress and depression is a common phenomenon in stable coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated the quality of life (QoL) of diabetic patients screened for CAD and assessed the prognostic value of mental and physical QoL scores to predict the development of new cardiac ischemia. METHODS: Prospective multicentre outcome study. The study comprised 400 asymptomatic diabetic patients without history or symptoms of CAD...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091532/development-of-the-neuroimmune-modulator-ibudilast-for-the-treatment-of-alcoholism-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-human-laboratory-trial
#18
Lara A Ray, Spencer Bujarski, Steve Shoptaw, Daniel Jo Roche, Keith Heinzerling, Karen Miotto
Current directions in medication development for alcohol use disorder (AUD) emphasize the need to identify novel molecular targets and efficiently screen new compounds aimed at those targets. Ibudilast (IBUD) is a neuroimmune modulator that inhibits phosphodiesterases -4 and -10 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor and was recently found to reduce alcohol intake in rats by approximately 50%. To advance medications development for AUD, the present study consists of a randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled laboratory study of IBUD in non-treatment seeking individuals with current (ie, past month) mild-to-severe AUD...
January 16, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090642/depression-or-diabetes-distress
#19
Taylor Dieter, Joy Lauerer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to summarize the need for improved recognition of depression versus diabetes distress and discuss recommendations for appropriate screening tools. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: In order to assess for both depression and diabetes distress, a combined approach of using both the WHO-5 and the PAID-20 is a simple and reliable method for detecting depression and assisting in determining the focus of specific aspects of diabetes management based on the patient's reported depressive symptoms...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090639/the-psychometric-validation-of-the-epds-k-among-korean-women-does-it-only-measure-depressive-symptoms
#20
Young-Sun Rhee, Jeong-Hwan Park, Hee-Jung Cha, Kye-Ha Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Korean (EPDS-K) and compare the specified models (one-, two-, three-factor model, and a model in the current study) in pregnant, first-trimester Korean women. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study consisted of two groups of 100 first-trimester Korean women recruited from maternity clinics in Korea. FINDINGS: The results show that the EPDS-K has depression, anxiety, and anhedonia factors, and that the validity of the EPDS-K with Korean women is questionable...
January 16, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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