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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649741/the-emerging-science-of-linked-plant-fungal-invasions
#1
REVIEW
Ian A Dickie, Jennifer L Bufford, Richard C Cobb, Marie-Laure Desprez-Loustau, Gwen Grelet, Philip E Hulme, John Klironomos, Andreas Makiola, Martin A Nuñez, Anne Pringle, Peter H Thrall, Samuel G Tourtellot, Lauren Waller, Nari M Williams
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. References SUMMARY: Invasions of alien plants are typically studied as invasions of individual species, yet interactions between plants and symbiotic fungi (mutualists and potential pathogens) affect plant survival, physiological traits, and reproduction and hence invasion success. Studies show that plant-fungal associations are frequently key drivers of plant invasion success and impact, but clear conceptual frameworks and integration across studies are needed to move beyond a series of case studies towards a more predictive understanding...
June 26, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649214/interactions-between-obsessional-symptoms-and-interpersonal-ambivalences-in-psychodynamic-therapy-an-empirical-case-study
#2
Shana Cornelis, Mattias Desmet, Kimberly L H D Van Nieuwenhove, Reitske Meganck, Jochem Willemsen, Ruth Inslegers, Jasper Feyaerts
The classical symptom specificity hypothesis (Blatt, 1974) particularly associates obsessional symptoms to interpersonal behavior directed at autonomy and separation from others. Cross-sectional group research, however, has yielded inconsistent findings on this predicted association, and a previous empirical case study (Cornelis et al., in press; see Chapter 2) documented obsessional pathology to be rooted in profound ambivalences between autonomous and dependent interpersonal dynamics. Therefore, in the present empirical case study, concrete operationalizations of the classical symptom specificity hypothesis are contrasted to alternative hypotheses based on the observed complexities in Chapter 2...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649009/the-need-for-monetary-information-within-corporate-water-accounting
#3
REVIEW
Roger L Burritt, Katherine L Christ
A conceptual discussion is provided about the need to add monetary data to water accounting initiatives and how best to achieve this if companies are to become aware of the water crisis and to take actions to improve water management. Analysis of current water accounting initiatives reveals the monetary business case for companies to improve water management is rarely considered, there being a focus on physical information about water use. Three possibilities emerge for mainstreaming the integration of monetization into water accounting: add-on to existing water accounting frameworks and tools, develop new tools which include physical and monetary information from the start, and develop environmental management accounting (EMA) into a water-specific application and set of tools...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648571/the-neuro-cognitive-representations-of-symbols-the-case-of-concrete-words
#4
Valentina Borghesani, Manuela Piazza
We live our lives surrounded by symbols (e.g., road signs, logos, but especially words and numbers), and throughout our life we use them to evoke, communicate and reflect upon ideas and things that are not currently present to our senses. Symbols are represented in our brains at different levels of complexity: at the first and most simple level, as physical entities, in the corresponding primary and secondary sensory cortices. The crucial property of symbols, however, is that, despite the simplicity of their surface forms, they have the power of evoking higher order multifaceted representations that are implemented in distributed neural networks spanning a large portion of the cortex...
June 22, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648476/constraint-based-metabolic-modelling-of-marine-microbes-and-communities
#5
REVIEW
Marco Fondi, Renato Fani
Constraint-based metabolic modelling (CBMM) consists in the use of computational methods and tools to perform genome-scale simulations and predict metabolic features at the whole cellular level. This approach is rapidly expanding in microbiology, as it combines reliable predictive abilities with conceptually and technically simple frameworks. Among the possible outcomes of CBMM, the capability to i) guide a focused planning of metabolic engineering experiments and ii) provide a system-level understanding of (single or community-level) microbial metabolic circuits also represent primary aims in present-day marine microbiology...
June 22, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645204/when-homoplasy-is-not-homoplasy-dissecting-trait-evolution-by-contrasting-composite-and-reductive-coding
#6
Alejandro Torres-Montúfar, Thomas Borsch, Helga Ochoterena
The conceptualization and coding of characters is a difficult issue in phylogenetic systematics, no matter which inference method is used when reconstructing phylogenetic trees or if the characters are just mapped onto a specific tree. Complex characters are groups of features that can be divided into simpler hierarchical characters (reductive coding), although the implied hierarchical relational information may change depending on the type of coding (composite vs reductive). Up to now, there is no common agreement to either code characters as complex or simple...
June 22, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642726/urban-legends-and-paranormal-beliefs-the-role-of-reality-testing-and-schizotypy
#7
Neil Dagnall, Andrew Denovan, Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Parker, Peter J Clough
Recent research suggests that unconventional beliefs are locatable within a generic anomalous belief category. This notion derives from the observation that apparently dissimilar beliefs share fundamental, core characteristics (i.e., contradiction of orthodox scientific understanding of the universe and defiance of conventional understanding of reality). The present paper assessed the supposition that anomalous beliefs were conceptually similar and explicable via common psychological processes by comparing relationships between discrete beliefs [endorsement of urban legends (ULs) and belief in the paranormal] and cognitive-perceptual personality measures [proneness to reality testing (RT) and schizotypy]...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641300/prenatal-diagnosis-of-dextrocardia-with-complex-congenital-heart-disease-using-fetal-intelligent-navigation-echocardiography-fine-and-a-literature-review
#8
Lami Yeo, Suchaya Luewan, Dor Markush, Navleen Gill, Roberto Romero
Fetal dextrocardia is a type of cardiac malposition where the major axis from base to apex points to the right side. This condition is usually associated with a wide spectrum of complex cardiac defects. As a result, dextrocardia is conceptually difficult to understand and diagnose on prenatal ultrasound. The advantage of four-dimensional sonography with spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) is that this modality can facilitate fetal cardiac examination. A novel method known as fetal intelligent navigation echocardiography (FINE) allows automatic generation of nine standard fetal echocardiography views in normal hearts by applying intelligent navigation technology to STIC volume datasets...
June 23, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639794/community-health-workers-in-diabetes-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Lisa J Trump, Tai J Mendenhall
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining optimal self-care in managing Type 2 diabetes is a common struggle for patients due to several barriers, including access to quality services, financial insecurity and/or lack of insurance, and emotional distress. Consequently, morbidity and mortality rates are high, alongside rising health care costs. Alternative approaches that address common barriers require further investigation. This systematic review of randomized controlled trials examines the effectiveness of using community health workers (CHWs) in Type 2 diabetes care...
June 22, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638013/-surgical-treatment-of-diabetic-neuroosteoarthropathy-dnoap-and-its-long-term-results
#10
V M Bensman, Yu P Savchenko, S E Gumenyuk, K G Triandafilov, P P Vasil'chenko, S N Pyatakov, V V Khoritonenko
AIM: To develop pathogenetically justified surgical treatment of diabetic neuroosteoarthropathy (DNOAP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 52 patients were operated and long-term results were studied in 36 of them. 2 groups were assessed depending on completeness of surgical treatment including changed synovial structures removal. Tarso-metatarsal arthrodesis was created after synovectomy in median foot to restore longitudinal arch. Cruro-calcaneal neoarthrosis was performed after elimination of posterior focus of DNOAP...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626518/practical-high-throughput-experimentation-for-chemists
#11
Michael Shevlin
Large arrays of hypothesis-driven, rationally designed experiments are powerful tools for solving complex chemical problems. Conceptual and practical aspects of chemical high-throughput experimentation are discussed. A case study in the application of high-throughput experimentation to a key synthetic step in a drug discovery program and subsequent optimization for the first large scale synthesis of a drug candidate is exemplified.
June 8, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625659/abnormal-semantic-knowledge-in-a-case-of-developmental-amnesia
#12
Anna Blumenthal, Devin Duke, Ben Bowles, Asaf Gilboa, R Shayna Rosenbaum, Stefan Köhler, Ken McRae
An important theory holds that semantic knowledge can develop independently of episodic memory. One strong source of evidence supporting this independence comes from the observation that individuals with early hippocampal damage leading to developmental amnesia generally perform normally on standard tests of semantic memory, despite their profound impairment in episodic memory. However, one aspect of semantic memory that has not been explored is conceptual structure. We built on the theoretically important distinction between intrinsic features of object concepts (e...
June 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624591/safe-limit-of-arsenic-in-soil-in-relation-to-dietary-exposure-of-arsenicosis-patients-from-malda-district-west-bengal-a-case-study
#13
Debasis Golui, D N Guha Mazumder, S K Sanyal, S P Datta, P Ray, P K Patra, S Sarkar, K Bhattacharya
Safe limit of arsenic in soil in relation to dietary exposure of arsenicosis patients was established in Malda district of West Bengal. Out of 182 participants examined, 80 (43.9%) participants showed clinical features of arsenicosis, characterized by arsenical skin lesion (pigmentation and keratosis), while 102 participants did not have any such lesion (control). Experimental results of the twenty eight soils (own field) of the participants showed the mean Olsen extractable and total arsenic concentration of 0...
June 15, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621696/professional-transitions-towards-sustainable-farming-systems-the-development-of-farmers-professional-worlds
#14
Xavier Coquil, Benoît Dedieu, Pascal Béguin
BACKGROUND: While farming in France and generally in Europe is continuing to intensify, at the expense of its environmental sustainability, promising alternatives are emerging. OBJECTIVE: The processes whereby farmers change and transform their own work, to shift from an intensive mode of production to a self-sufficient and autonomous one, need to be formalized if we are to further our understanding of why and how these forms of sustainable farming activity emerge...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620489/organizational-knowledge-and-capabilities-in-healthcare-deconstructing-and-integrating-diverse-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Jenna M Evans, Adalsteinn Brown, G Ross Baker
Diverse concepts and bodies of work exist in the academic literature to guide research and practice on organizational knowledge and capabilities. However, these concepts have largely developed in parallel with minimal cross-fertilization, particularly in the healthcare domain. This contributes to confusion regarding conceptual boundaries and relationships, and to a lack of application of potentially useful evidence. The aim of this article is to assess three concepts associated with organizational knowledge content-intellectual capital, organizational core competencies, and dynamic capabilities-and to propose an agenda for future research...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618315/simulation-of-green-roof-runoff-under-different-substrate-depths-and-vegetation-covers-by-coupling-a-simple-conceptual-and-a-physically-based-hydrological-model
#16
Konstantinos X Soulis, John D Valiantzas, Nikolaos Ntoulas, George Kargas, Panayiotis A Nektarios
In spite of the well-known green roof benefits, their widespread adoption in the management practices of urban drainage systems requires the use of adequate analytical and modelling tools. In the current study, green roof runoff modeling was accomplished by developing, testing, and jointly using a simple conceptual model and a physically based numerical simulation model utilizing HYDRUS-1D software. The use of such an approach combines the advantages of the conceptual model, namely simplicity, low computational requirements, and ability to be easily integrated in decision support tools with the capacity of the physically based simulation model to be easily transferred in conditions and locations other than those used for calibrating and validating it...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617273/model-based-methodology-for-the-design-of-optimal-control-strategies-in-mbr-plants
#17
Juan Odriozola, Sergio Beltrán, Montse Dalmau, Luis Sancho, Joaquim Comas, Ignasi Rodríguez-Roda, Eduardo Ayesa
This paper proposes a model-based methodology that allows synthesising the most appropriate strategies for optimising the operation of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The methodology is applied with the aim of maximising the nitrogen removal in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). The proposed procedure is based on a systematic approach composed of four steps. First, a sensitivity analysis of the input variables is carried out in order to obtain a first assessment of the potential for operational improvements...
June 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617143/does-ethno-cultural-betrayal-in-trauma-affect-asian-american-pacific-islander-college-students-mental-health-outcomes-an-exploratory-study
#18
Jennifer M Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal trauma has deleterious effects on mental health (1) , with college students experiencing relatively high rates of lifetime trauma (2) . Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have the lowest rate of mental health care utilization (4) . According to cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) (9, 10, 11) , societal inequality may impact within-group violence in minority populations, thus having implications for mental health. In the current exploratory study, between-group (interracial) and within-group (ethno-cultural betrayal) trauma and mental health outcomes were examined in AAPI college students...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617014/real-world-program-evaluation-of-integrated-behavioral-health-care-improving-scientific-rigor
#19
Jennifer S Funderburk, Robyn L Shepardson
INTRODUCTION: Designing systematic, scientifically rigorous program evaluations (PE) is 1 way to contribute to the significant need to build best practices and a stronger evidence base for integrated behavioral health care. However, there are many potential pitfalls when conducting PE in real-world settings, and many clinicians and administrators may be hesitant to engage in PE due to lack of training or resources. Rigorous PE can be achieved feasibly and efficiently. METHOD: This article discusses common challenges that arise when conducting PE in integrated behavioral health care settings and illustrates ways to increase the methodological quality of PE efforts using lessons learned from 2 real-world case examples...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616503/a-framework-for-one-health-research
#20
REVIEW
J Lebov, K Grieger, D Womack, D Zaccaro, N Whitehead, B Kowalcyk, P D M MacDonald
The need for multidisciplinary research to address today's complex health and environmental challenges has never been greater. The One Health (OH) approach to research ensures that human, animal, and environmental health questions are evaluated in an integrated and holistic manner to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the problem and potential solutions than would be possible with siloed approaches. However, the OH approach is complex, and there is limited guidance available for investigators regarding the practical design and implementation of OH research...
June 2017: One Health
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