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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327629/the-masculine-vaginal-working-with-queer-men-s-embodiment-at-the-transgender-edge
#1
Griffin Hansbury
Turning away from the conspicuous phenomena of transgender experience, with an eye toward locating and illuminating the transgender edge in cisgender, this paper explores the relationship between men and the Vaginal, both material and fantasized. Positing the Vaginal as a counterpart to the Phallic allows a delinkage of vaginal psychic and embodied states from the strictly female so that, like the Phallic, they can be accessed by people of all genders and sexes. This concept goes beyond the conceptual to the fleshy, embodied experience of many transgender men, who live in whole, partial, and/or temporary "female" bodies...
December 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323511/representing-schizotypal-thinking-with-dimensional-traits-a-case-for-the-five-factor-schizotypal-inventory
#2
Erin L Moorman, Douglas B Samuel
Building on support for the five-factor model (FFM) of personality disorder, the Five Factor Schizotypal Inventory (FFSI) was developed to assess maladaptive traits relevant to schizotypal personality disorder. While the development of the FFSI supports a continuity between schizotypal thinking and perception (STAP) and the FFM domain of Openness to Experience, other studies show inconsistent findings concerning the strength of this relationship. The current study evaluates these relationships by investigating specific components of a short-form of the FFSI (e...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323510/consensual-lay-profiles-of-narcissism-and-their-connection-to-the-five-factor-narcissism-inventory
#3
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Lane Siedor, Michael Crowe, W Keith Campbell
Although there is evidence that experts agree on the traits that characterize narcissism, this agreement may be due, in part, to the influence of the operationalizations based on the American Psychiatric Association's series of Diagnostic and Statistical Manuals of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1980, 1994, 2013). Because these trait descriptions are important in shaping conceptualizations and serving as empirical criteria for construct validation, we explored their generalizability...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319431/same-sex-marriage-and-the-assimilationist-dilemma-a-research-agenda-on-marriage-equality-and-the-future-of-lgbtq-activism-politics-communities-and-identities
#4
Mary Bernstein
This special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality, examines the impact of the marriage equality movement and the resulting landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision, Obergefell v. Hodges (2015) that legalized same-sex marriage in the U.S. on LGBTQ activism, politics, communities, and identities. The articles in this issue examine the complicated ways in which the discourse used in same-sex marriage court cases is related to heteronormative discursive frames; the lived reality of married same-sex couples and the complex ways in which they think about marriage and heteronormativity; the ways that heteronormativity is racialized which affects how African Americans perceive the impact of same-sex marriage on their lives; how same-sex marriage has influenced public opinion and the likelihood of anti-gay backlash; and the impact of same-sex marriage on family law...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314772/the-contribution-of-executive-control-to-semantic-cognition-convergent-evidence-from-semantic-aphasia-and-executive-dysfunction
#5
Hannah E Thompson, Azizah Almaghyuli, Krist A Noonan, Ohr Barak, Matthew A Lambon Ralph, Elizabeth Jefferies
Semantic cognition, as described by the controlled semantic cognition (CSC) framework (Rogers et al., , Neuropsychologia, 76, 220), involves two key components: activation of coherent, generalizable concepts within a heteromodal 'hub' in combination with modality-specific features (spokes), and a constraining mechanism that manipulates and gates this knowledge to generate time- and task-appropriate behaviour. Executive-semantic goal representations, largely supported by executive regions such as frontal and parietal cortex, are thought to allow the generation of non-dominant aspects of knowledge when these are appropriate for the task or context...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313391/re-imagining-occupational-therapy-clients-as-communities-presenting-the-community-centred-practice-framework
#6
Nerida Hyett, Amanda Kenny, Virginia Dickson-Swift
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists' are increasingly working with communities and providing services at the community level. There is, however, a lack of conceptual frameworks to guide this work. AIM: The aim of this article is to present a new conceptual framework for community-centered practice in occupational therapy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The conceptual framework was developed from qualitative multi-case research on exemplars of community participation...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307039/subgrouping-autism-based-on-symptom-severity-leads-to-differences-in-the-degree-of-convergence-between-core-feature-domains
#7
Allison Whitten, Kathryn E Unruh, Robin L Shafer, James W Bodfish
Existing models of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) disagree as to whether the core features should be conceptualized as convergent (related) or divergent (unrelated), and the few previous studies addressing this question have found conflicting results. We examined standardized parent ratings of symptoms from three domains (social, communication, repetitive behaviors) in large samples of typically developing children, children with ASD, and ASD subgroups. Our results suggest that the most evidence for divergence lies in typically developing children and lower severity ASD cases, while more evidence for convergence is found in a subset of cases with more severe impairment on any core feature...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306521/what-can-autism-teach-us-about-the-role-of-sensorimotor-systems-in-higher-cognition-new-clues-from-studies-on-language-action-semantics-and-abstract-emotional-concept-processing
#8
REVIEW
Rachel L Moseley, Friedemann Pulvermüller
Within the neurocognitive literature there is much debate about the role of the motor system in language, social communication and conceptual processing. We suggest, here, that autism spectrum conditions (ASC) may afford an excellent test case for investigating and evaluating contemporary neurocognitive models, most notably a neurobiological theory of action perception integration where widely-distributed cell assemblies linking neurons in action and perceptual brain regions act as the building blocks of many higher cognitive functions...
December 7, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302177/a-reporting-system-to-protect-the-human-rights-of-people-living-with-hiv-and-key-populations
#9
R Taylor Williamson, Vivian Fiscian, Ryan Ubuntu Olson, Fred Nana Poku, Joseph Whittal
People living with HIV and key populations face human rights violations that affect their access to health services, relationships in their communities, housing options, and employment. To address these violations, government and civil society organizations in Ghana developed a discrimination reporting system managed by the Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice that links people living with HIV and key populations to legal services. This article presents findings on how Ghanaian stakeholders built this reporting system and discusses preliminary data on its impact...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297412/illness-recognition-decision-making-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-a-qualitative-study-in-jigawa-state-northern-nigeria
#10
Vandana Sharma, Jessica Leight, Fatima AbdulAziz, Nadège Giroux, Martina Bjorkman Nyqvist
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality and newborn mortality continue to be major challenges in Nigeria, with the highest levels in the northern part of the country. The objective of this study was to explore the process and sequence of symptom recognition, decision-making, and care-seeking among families experiencing maternal and neonatal illness and deaths in 24 local governmental areas in Jigawa State, Northern Nigeria. METHODS: This qualitative study included 40 illness narratives (ten each for maternal deaths, perceived postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), neonatal deaths, and neonatal illness) that collected data on symptom recognition, perceptions of the causes of disease, decision-making processes, the identity of key decision-makers, and care-seeking barriers and enablers...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297353/strengthening-scaling-up-through-learning-from-implementation-comparing-experiences-from-afghanistan-bangladesh-and-uganda
#11
Sara Bennett, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Anbrasi Edward, Moses Tetui, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho
BACKGROUND: Many effective innovations and interventions are never effectively scaled up. Implementation research (IR) has the promise of supporting scale-up through enabling rapid learning about the intervention and its fit with the context in which it is implemented. We integrate conceptual frameworks addressing different dimensions of scaling up (specifically, the attributes of the service or innovation being scaled, the actors involved, the context, and the scale-up strategy) and questions commonly addressed by IR (concerning acceptability, appropriateness, adoption, feasibility, fidelity to original design, implementation costs, coverage and sustainability) to explore how IR can support scale-up...
December 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295774/a-brain-worth-keeping-waste-value-and-time-in-contemporary-brain-banking
#12
Thomas Erslev
If a temporal rather than spatial concept of waste is adopted, novel categories emerge which are useful for identifying and understanding logics of temporality at play in determining what is kept in contemporary brain banks, and reveal that brain banks are constituted by more than stored materials. First, I apply the categories analytically on a recent UK brain banking discussion among professionals. This analysis highlights the importance of data in brain banks, as well as the centrality of ideas about pasts and futures in the discussions...
December 30, 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295002/men-s-reflections-on-their-experiences-of-gender-based-violence
#13
Ada L Sinacore, Samir Durrani, Sarah Khayutin
Using Multicultural and Gender Case Conceptualization (MGCC) epistemology, the aim of this phenomenological study was to explore adult male victims' perceptions of gender and reflections on their experiences of gender-based violence (GBV). Data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Results indicated that, regardless of sexual orientation, participants experienced verbal and physical abuse due to their feminine gender expression, beginning in primary school and continuing through university and into the workplace...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294922/violence-and-disability-experiences-and-perceptions-of-victimization-among-deaf-people
#14
Amanda Admire, Blanca Ramirez
Research on the unique experiences of deaf people is rare, and limited information exists regarding the nature and extent of violence against this population. Existing scholarship highlights the increased vulnerabilities of deaf individuals; however, there remains a paucity of research that examines how deaf and hard of hearing individuals perceive their own victimization. Also lacking is research on the experiences of deaf individuals outside of the United States, where cultural norms and the status of the deaf may be quite different...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294820/familicide-in-italy-an-exploratory-study-of-cases-involving-male-perpetrators-1992-2015
#15
Domenico Tosini
This article adds to the literature on familicide by providing specific insights from the Italian experience. It presents results of an exploratory investigation into male-perpetrated familicides in Italy between 1992 and 2015. Familicide is defined as the killing of the spouse or intimate partner, and at least one child, at the hand of the other spouse/partner. Incidents of familicide were collated from newspaper reports. We identified 90 cases, resulting in 207 deaths. On average, perpetrators were middle aged ( M = 46...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289335/cognitive-consequences-of-the-left-right-asymmetry-of-atrophy-in-semantic-dementia
#16
Anna M Woollams, Karalyn Patterson
Semantic dementia (SD) is a condition in which atrophy to the anterior temporal lobes (ATL) produces a selective deterioration of conceptual knowledge. As this atrophy is always bilateral but usually asymmetrical, differences in performance of the two SD subgroups-with left > right (L > R) versus right > left (R > L) atrophy-constitute a major source of evidence regarding the roles of the left and right sides of this region. We explored this issue using large scale case-series methodology, with a pool of 216 observations of neuropsychological data from 72 patients with SD...
December 5, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287032/the-total-worker-health-concept-a-case-study-in-a-rural-workplace
#17
Cecilia Watkins, Gretchen Macy, Vijay Golla, Grace Lartey, Jacqueline Basham
OBJECTIVE: This case study was conducted to identify barriers of integration of health protection and health promotion in rural workplaces with tailored interventions that address the identified barriers. METHODS: Data on a workplace's ability to integrate wellness programs and health protection programs was collected through a questionnaire along with a seven-question interview. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the quantitative data. Qualitative measures were assessed using thematic analysis...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279723/diagnostics-and-therapy-of-vestibular-schwannomas-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#18
REVIEW
Steffen Rosahl, Christopher Bohr, Michael Lell, Klaus Hamm, Heinrich Iro
Vestibular schwannomas (VS) expand slowly in the internal auditory canal, in the cerebellopontine angle, inside the cochlear and the labyrinth. Larger tumors can displace and compress the brainstem. With an annual incidence of 1:100,000 vestibular schwannoma represent 6-7% of all intracranial tumors. In the cerebellopontine angle they are by far the most neoplasm with 90% of all lesions located in this region. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), audiometry, and vestibular diagnostics are the mainstays of the clinical workup for patients harboring tumors...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279025/spiritual-diversity-and-living-with-early-stage-dementia
#19
Jocelyn Shealy McGee, Holly Carlson Zhao, Dennis R Myers, Hannah Seela Eaton
Attention to spiritual diversity is necessary for the provision of culturally informed clinical care for people with early-stage dementia and their family members. In this article, an evidence-based theoretical framework for conceptualizing spiritual diversity is described in detail (Pargament, 2011). The framework is then applied to two clinical case studies of people living with early-stage dementia to elucidate the multilayered components of spiritual diversity in this population. The case studies were selected from a larger mixed-methods study on spirituality, positive psychological factors, health, and well-being in people living with early-stage dementia and their family members...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278956/framework-for-infectious-disease-analysis-a-comprehensive-and-integrative-multi-modeling-approach-to-disease-prediction-and-management
#20
Madhav Erraguntla, Josef Zapletal, Mark Lawley
The impact of infectious disease on human populations is a function of many factors including environmental conditions, vector dynamics, transmission mechanics, social and cultural behaviors, and public policy. A comprehensive framework for disease management must fully connect the complete disease lifecycle, including emergence from reservoir populations, zoonotic vector transmission, and impact on human societies. The Framework for Infectious Disease Analysis is a software environment and conceptual architecture for data integration, situational awareness, visualization, prediction, and intervention assessment...
December 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
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