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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923184/the-complexity-of-child-protection-recurrence-the-case-for-a-systems-approach
#1
Brian Q Jenkins, Clare Tilbury, Paul Mazerolle, Hennessey Hayes
OBJECTIVE: Research on child protection recurrence has found consistent child, family, and case characteristics associated with repeated involvement with the child protection system. Despite the considerable body of empirical research, knowledge about why recurrence occurs, and what can be done to reduce it, is limited. METHOD: This paper reviews the empirical literature and analyses the approaches of prior recurrence research. Four related conceptual challenges are identified: (1) a tendency to conflate child protection recurrence with repeated child maltreatment; (2) uncertainty about how best to operationalize and measure child protection recurrence in research; (3) inconsistency between prevailing explanations for the most frequently observed patterns of recurrence; and (4) difficulty in developing coherent strategies to address child protection recurrence based on research...
December 3, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918345/stereoelectroencephalography-interpretation
#2
Juan C Bulacio, Patrick Chauvel, Aileen McGonigal
Intracranial EEG has been in use for more than 50 years in the presurgical evaluation of patients with medically intractable focal epilepsy. The stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) method has expanded very significantly over the last 5 years, in parallel with the increase in the number of complex cases (i.e., MRI-negative) being referred with medically intractable focal epilepsy to major epilepsy surgery centers. Some centers with extensive experience in subdural electrodes are indeed changing or have changed to SEEG as the principal exploration technique, which suggests that SEEG might offer specific benefits through its approach to accurately localizing the epileptogenic zone...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918343/stereo-eeg-implantation-strategy
#3
Giridhar P Kalamangalam, Nitin Tandon
Stereoelectroencephalography denotes the strategic placement of multiple depth electrodes for invasive localization of focal epilepsy in surgical patients. It differs significantly from the alternative subdural grid approach, in both conceptualization of partial epilepsy-as a 3-D distributed network, rather than as focal pathology with contiguous spread-and by the method of sampling used-which is sparse and directed rather than continuous over adjacent brain areas. The electrode implantation strategy in stereoelectroencephalography involves appreciation of these features, which are illustrated by four cases drawn from distinct electroclinical epilepsy syndromes...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915355/perspectives-on-teaching-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-model-to-physical-therapy-students
#4
Cheryl Peters-Brinkerhoff
BACKGROUND: During a reaccreditation visit, deficiencies were discovered in the clinical education curriculum regarding patient-centered care in a Doctorate of Physical Therapy program. To understand the problem and address those deficiencies, the clinical internship experience was examined using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) model as a conceptual framework for clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative case study aimed to study (1) perceptions of physical therapy (PT) students regarding their knowledge and learning experiences during clinical affiliations and what knowledge they acquired of the ICF as applied to patient-centered care during their internship, and (2) the perceptions of clinical instructors (CIs) of their knowledge of the ICF model, its integration into their practice, barriers to its use, and the learning experiences the CIs provided to students regarding the ICF model...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914017/mothers-fathers-and-parental-systems-a-conceptual-model-of-parental-engagement-in-programmes-for-child-mental-health-connect-attend-participate-enact-cape
#5
Patrycja J Piotrowska, L A Tully, R Lenroot, E Kimonis, D Hawes, C Moul, P J Frick, V Anderson, M R Dadds
Parenting programmes are one of the best researched and most effective interventions for reducing child mental health problems. The success of such programmes, however, is largely dependent on their reach and parental engagement. Rates of parental enrolment and attendance are highly variable, and in many cases very low; this is especially true of father involvement in parenting programmes. This paper proposes a conceptual model of parental engagement in parenting programmes-the CAPE model (Connect, Attend, Participate, Enact) that builds on recent models by elaborating on the interdependent stages of engagement, and its interparental or systemic context...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912856/processes-of-developing-community-livability-in-older-age
#6
Kendra S Heatwole Shank, Malcolm P Cutchin
OBJECTIVE: 'Community livability' is a widely used term that is still under-conceptualized. The purpose of the project was to theorize key dynamics of livability for older adults who are aging in place in their homes and communities. METHODS: Twelve community-dwelling adults (70+) were recruited in a multiple-case study design. Interviews and naturalistic observations were used over the course of 6months. Global positioning system (GPS) devices were used to generate maps (routines, routes, type and duration of activities) to elicit additional insights through interviews...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908252/the-combination-of-new-immunotherapy-and-radiotherapy-a-new-potential-treatment-for-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Paola Claudia Sacco, Paolo Maione, Cesare Guida, Cesare Gridelli
Lung cancer is the main reason of cancer death worldwide. About 30% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases are diagnosed with locally advanced disease (stage III). This is a mixed population including patients who have far more extensive and bulky disease than others. Management of these patients continue to be a challenge; frequently, patients have both local recurrence and distant metastases in this stage and the prognosis is very poor with a 5-year overall survival estimated between 3% and 7% for inoperable disease...
December 1, 2016: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905347/an-interesting-case-of-angiogenesis-in-cavernous-hemangioma
#8
Dipankar Das, Kasturi Bhattacharjee, Panna Deka, Harsha Bhattacharjee, Diva Kant Misra, Akanksha Koul, Deepika Kapoor, Apurba Deka
Cavernous hemangioma is the most common orbital tumor in adult. There is lot of literatures for clinicopathological features of this tumor. These tumors had been studied for the model of angiogenesis in many of the experimental setups. We present a case of 34-year-old male with this tumor in the left eye with computerized tomography evidence. Postsurgical laboratory findings gave interesting evidence of tumor angiogenesis with tumor endothelial cells and sprouting of the small vessels endothelial cells. Podosome rosette could be conceptualized from the characteristic patterns seen in the tumor...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894027/assessing-the-safety-effects-of-cooperative-intelligent-transport-systems-a-bowtie-analysis-approach
#9
Ute Christine Ehlers, Eirin Olaussen Ryeng, Edward McCormack, Faisal Khan, Sören Ehlers
The safety effects of cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) are mostly unknown and associated with uncertainties, because these systems represent emerging technology. This study proposes a bowtie analysis as a conceptual framework for evaluating the safety effect of cooperative intelligent transport systems. These seek to prevent road traffic accidents or mitigate their consequences. Under the assumption of the potential occurrence of a particular single vehicle accident, three case studies demonstrate the application of the bowtie analysis approach in road traffic safety...
November 25, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886627/facilitating-the-development-of-higher-order-thinking-skills-hots-of-novice-nursing-postgraduates-in-africa
#10
Lizeth Roets, Jeanette Maritz
BACKGROUND: International research in nursing education has shown to be deficient regarding both the quality of research produced and the building of disciplinary capacity. The CHENMA (Collaboration for Higher Education of Nurses and Midwives in Africa) project aimed to strengthen nursing and midwifery expertise in Africa. Sixteen French-speaking students of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) enrolled for a master's degree in nursing midwifery at a South African university in 2008...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886584/attributes-of-successful-actions-to-restore-lakes-and-estuaries-degraded-by-nutrient-pollution
#11
Catharine Gross, James D Hagy
As more success is achieved in restoring lakes and estuaries from the impacts of nutrient pollution, there is increased opportunity to evaluate the scientific, social, and policy factors associated with achieving restoration goals. We examined case studies where deliberate actions to reduce nutrient pollution and restore ecosystems resulted in ecological recovery. Prospective cases were identified from scientific literature and technical documents for lakes and estuaries with: (1) scientific evidence of nutrient pollution; (2) restoration actions taken to mitigate nutrient pollution; and (3) documented ecological improvement...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885958/articulating-reproductive-justice-through-reparative-justice-case-studies-of-abortion-in-great-britain-and-south-africa
#12
Catriona Ida Macleod, Siân Beynon-Jones, Merran Toerien
Public health and rights-based approaches to abortion advocacy are well established. Feminists are, however, increasingly using a broader framework of 'reproductive justice', which considers the intersecting conditions that serve to enhance or hinder women's reproductive freedoms, including their capacities to decide about the outcome of their pregnancies. Nonetheless, reproductive justice approaches to abortion are, conceptually, relatively under-developed. We introduce a reparative justice approach as a method of further articulating the concept of reproductive justice...
November 25, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884203/a-system-dynamics-model-of-clinical-decision-thresholds-for-the-detection-of-developmental-behavioral-disorders
#13
R Christopher Sheldrick, Dominic J Breuer, Razan Hassan, Kee Chan, Deborah E Polk, James Benneyan
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision-making has been conceptualized as a sequence of two separate processes: assessment of patients' functioning and application of a decision threshold to determine whether the evidence is sufficient to justify a given decision. A range of factors, including use of evidence-based screening instruments, has the potential to influence either or both processes. However, implementation studies seldom specify or assess the mechanism by which screening is hypothesized to influence clinical decision-making, thus limiting their ability to address unexpected findings regarding clinicians' behavior...
November 25, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881121/knowledge-is-not-enough-to-solve-the-problems-the-role-of-diagnostic-knowledge-in-clinical-reasoning-activities
#14
Jan Kiesewetter, Rene Ebersbach, Nike Tsalas, Matthias Holzer, Ralf Schmidmaier, Martin R Fischer
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning is a key competence in medicine. There is a lack of knowledge, how non-experts like medical students solve clinical problems. It is known that they have difficulties applying conceptual knowledge to clinical cases, that they lack metacognitive awareness and that higher level cognitive actions correlate with diagnostic accuracy. However, the role of conceptual, strategic, conditional, and metacognitive knowledge for clinical reasoning is unknown. METHODS: Medical students (n = 21) were exposed to three different clinical cases and instructed to use the think-aloud method...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878849/leading-change-a-concept-analysis
#15
Heather V Nelson-Brantley, Debra J Ford
AIM: To report an analysis of the concept of leading change. BACKGROUND: Nurses have been called to lead change to advance the health of individuals, populations and systems. Conceptual clarity about leading change in the context of nursing and healthcare systems provides an empirical direction for future research and theory development that can advance the science of leadership studies in nursing. DESIGN: Concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Health Business Elite and Business Source Premier databases were searched using the terms: leading change, transformation, reform, leadership and change...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876787/deep-phenotyping-unveils-hidden-traits-and-genetic-relations-in-subtle-mutants
#16
Adriana San-Miguel, Peri T Kurshan, Matthew M Crane, Yuehui Zhao, Patrick T McGrath, Kang Shen, Hang Lu
Discovering mechanistic insights from phenotypic information is critical for the understanding of biological processes. For model organisms, unlike in cell culture, this is currently bottlenecked by the non-quantitative nature and perceptive biases of human observations, and the limited number of reporters that can be simultaneously incorporated in live animals. An additional challenge is that isogenic populations exhibit significant phenotypic heterogeneity. These difficulties limit genetic approaches to many biological questions...
November 23, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876687/methods-for-evaluating-respondent-attrition-in-web-based-surveys
#17
Camille J Hochheimer, Roy T Sabo, Alex H Krist, Teresa Day, John Cyrus, Steven H Woolf
BACKGROUND: Electronic surveys are convenient, cost effective, and increasingly popular tools for collecting information. While the online platform allows researchers to recruit and enroll more participants, there is an increased risk of participant dropout in Web-based research. Often, these dropout trends are simply reported, adjusted for, or ignored altogether. OBJECTIVE: To propose a conceptual framework that analyzes respondent attrition and demonstrates the utility of these methods with existing survey data...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869459/the-perils-of-unitary-models-of-the-etiology-of-mental-disorders-the-response-modulation-hypothesis-of-psychopathy-as-a-case-example-rejoinder-to-newman-and-baskin-sommers-2016
#18
Scott O Lilienfeld, Sarah Francis Smith, Ashley L Watts
We respond to Newman and Baskin-Sommers's (2016) criticisms of our meta-analytic and narrative synthesis of the response modulation hypothesis (RMH) of psychopathy (Smith & Lilienfeld, 2015). We concur with Newman and Baskin-Sommers that our results offer modest support for the RMH and that several of our arguments apply with equal force to rival etiological models of psychopathy. Nevertheless, we contend that Newman and Baskin-Sommers' criticisms of our findings and conclusions are unconvincing, and that the research support for the RMH is considerably more mixed than implied by Newman and Baskin-Sommers...
December 2016: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862106/bridging-the-gap-between-social-acceptance-and-ethical-acceptability
#19
Behnam Taebi
New technology brings great benefits, but it can also create new and significant risks. When evaluating those risks in policymaking, there is a tendency to focus on social acceptance. By solely focusing on social acceptance, we could, however, overlook important ethical aspects of technological risk, particularly when we evaluate technologies with transnational and intergenerational risks. I argue that good governance of risky technology requires analyzing both social acceptance and ethical acceptability. Conceptually, these two notions are mostly complementary...
November 10, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859988/challenges-to-the-validity-of-using-medicine-labels-to-categorize-clinical-behavior-an-empirical-and-normative-critique-of-off-label-prescribing
#20
Narcyz Ghinea, Ian Kerridge, Miles Little, Wendy Lipworth
This study aimed to determine whether the label status of a medicine penetrates into the clinical reasoning of Australian medical practitioners and to explore the possible reasons for our findings using semistructured interviews with 14 Australian physicians. The interviews revealed 3 broad catalysts for off-label prescribing. The first of these was lack of awareness or understanding of the regulatory process in general and labels more specifically. The second was the perception that labels are not meaningful guides for clinical practice...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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