keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ultrasound and africa

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915245/effects-of-gnrh-vaccination-in-wild-and-captive-african-elephant-bulls-loxodonta-africana-on-reproductive-organs-and-semen-quality
#1
Imke Lueders, Debbie Young, Liana Maree, Gerhard van der Horst, Ilse Luther, Stephan Botha, Brendan Tindall, Geoffrey Fosgate, André Ganswindt, Henk J Bertschinger
OBJECTIVES: Although the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is classified as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), in some isolated habitats in southern Africa, contraception is of major interest due to local overpopulation. GnRH vaccination has been promoted as a non-invasive contraceptive measure for population management of overabundant wildlife. We tested the efficacy of this treatment for fertility control in elephant bulls. METHODS: In total, 17 male African elephants that were treated with a GnRH vaccine were examined in two groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903866/a-bayesian-latent-class-model-to-estimate-the-accuracy-of-pregnancy-diagnosis-by-transrectal-ultrasonography-and-laboratory-detection-of-pregnancy-associated-glycoproteins-in-dairy-cows
#2
G T Fosgate, B Motimele, A Ganswindt, P C Irons
Accurate diagnosis of pregnancy is an essential component of an effective reproductive management plan for dairy cattle. Indirect methods of pregnancy detection can be performed soon after breeding and offer an advantage over traditional direct methods in not requiring an experienced veterinarian and having potential for automation. The objective of this study was to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) detection ELISA and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) in dairy cows of South Africa using a Bayesian latent class approach...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893080/core-competencies-of-radiographers-working-in-rural-hospitals-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#3
Bernard Mung'omba, Annali D H Botha
INTRODUCTION: Rural radiographers require, over and above traditional radiographic expertise, additional competencies which to a certain degree are unique however not limited to rural practice. Previous studies, however, have focused more attention primarily on other rural health professionals such as doctors and nurses leaving a research need in this field. This article focuses on the additional competencies that may be required for rural radiographers. AIM: To investigate and identify additional core competencies required by radiographers working in rural hospitals of KwaZulu-Natal in order to propose a continuous professional development strategy aimed at rural radiographers...
August 31, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885096/infant-hydrocephalus-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-reality-on-the-tanzanian-side-of-the-lake
#4
Maria M Santos, Derick K Rubagumya, Imani Dominic, Amos Brighton, Soledad Colombe, Philip O'Donnell, Micaella R Zubkov, Roger Härtl
OBJECTIVE Infant hydrocephalus is estimated to affect more than 100,000 new infants each year in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Bugando Medical Centre (BMC), a government-funded and patient cost-shared referral center, serves over 13 million people in the Lake and Western regions of Tanzania. The goals of this study were to characterize the infant population affected by hydrocephalus who presented to BMC and were treated with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) to determine the rate of early complications associated with this surgical procedure and to assess its potential risk factors...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876629/clinical-breast-examination-screening-by-trained-laywomen-in-malawi-integrated-with-other-health-services
#5
L Gutnik, C Lee, J Msosa
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer awareness and early detection are limited in Sub-Saharan Africa. Resource limitations make screening mammography or clinical breast examination (CBE) by physicians or nurses impractical in many settings. METHOD: Four laywomen were trained to deliver breast cancer educational talks and conduct CBE. After training, screening was implemented in diverse urban health clinics. Eligible women were 30 years old, with no prior breast cancer or breast surgery, and clinic attendance for reasons other than a breast concern...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876592/uptake-and-performance-of-clinical-breast-exam-screening-by-trained-laywomen-in-malawi
#6
L Gutnik, C Lee, V Msosa
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer awareness and early detection are limited in sub-saharan Africa. Resource limitations make screening mammography or clinical breast examination (CBE) by physicians or nurses impractical in many settings. We aimed to assess feasibility and performance of CBE by laywomen in urban health clinics. METHOD: Four laywomen were trained to deliver breast cancer educational talks and conduct CBE. Eligible women were 30 years, with no prior breast cancer or breast surgery, and clinic attendance for reasons other than a breast concern...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871660/clinical-echocardiographic-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-congenital-heart-diseases-of-children-at-douala-general-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
Félicité Kamdem, Danielle Kedy Koum, Ba Hamadou, Mélanie Yemdji, Henry Luma, Marie Solange Doualla, Diomède Noukeu, Esther Barla, Christophe Akazong, Anastase Dzudie, Henry Ngote, Yves Monkam, Sidiki Mouliom, Samuel Kingue
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases in pediatric pathologies have emerged in the recent years in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), with congenital heart diseases (CHDs) being the most frequent. Unfortunately, their diagnosis is usually delayed, thereby increasing childhood morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: Describe the clinical, echocardiographic, and therapeutic aspects of CHDs of children at Douala General Hospital. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study over a 10-year period, from January 2006 to December 2015...
September 4, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860869/lingual-abscess-a-case-report
#8
Kebebe Bekele, Desalegn Markos
BACKGROUND: Lingual abscesses have become extremely rare since the discovery of antibiotics, despite the relatively frequent exposure of tongue to bite trauma during mastication and seizures. It is a potentially life-threatening clinical entity. Even though there were some case reports on tongue abscess from overseas, none of them were reported from Africa, particularly from Ethiopia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old male patient with severe, continuous pain and swelling of tongue for 6 weeks was presented to Goba Referral Hospital...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856855/efficacy-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation-of-symptomatic-uterine-fibroids-in-black-women-a-preliminary-study
#9
C Zhang, H Jacobson, Z E Ngobese, R Setzen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic effect and safety of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU) treatment on symptomatic uterine fibroids in Black women. DESIGN: A feasibility study. SETTING: Gynaecological department in a teaching hospital in South Africa. POPULATION: Premenopausal women with uterus fibroids. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with 53 fibroids who underwent USgHIFU treatment were enrolled...
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840373/implementing-ultrasound-guided-hydrostatic-reduction-of-intussusception-in-a-low-resource-country-in-sub-saharan-africa-our-initial-experience-in-ethiopia
#10
Eyasu Wakjira, Samuel Sisay, Jonathan Zember, Daniel Zewdneh, Yocabel Gorfu, Tesfaye Kebede, Amezene Tadesse, Kassa Darge
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in non-invasive radiological techniques for the treatment of intussusception, management of the entity still remains exclusively surgical in many developing countries, including Ethiopia. Fluoroscopic units are rare or mostly dysfunctional. Ultrasound scanners are more commonly available. Ultrasound-guided hydrostatic reduction (USGHR) was recently introduced to the main referral hospital in Ethiopia, and subsequently has been adopted as the initial management option for intussusception...
August 24, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830534/accuracy-of-gestational-age-estimation-from-last-menstrual-period-among-women-seeking-abortion-in-south-africa-with-a-view-to-task-sharing-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Deborah Constant, Jane Harries, Jennifer Moodley, Landon Myer
BACKGROUND: The requirement for ultrasound to establish gestational age among women seeking abortion can be a barrier to access. Last menstrual period dating without clinical examination should be a reasonable alternative among selected women, and if reliable, can be task-shared with non-clinicians. This study determines the accuracy of gestational age estimation using last menstrual period (LMP) assessed by community health care workers (CHWs), and explores providers' and CHWs' perspectives on task sharing this activity...
August 22, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830505/ultrasonographic-findings-in-goats-with-contagious-caprine-pleuropneumonia-caused-by-mycoplasma-capricolum-subsp-capripneumoniae
#12
Mohamed Tharwat, Fahd Al-Sobayil
BACKGROUND: In goats, contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is a cause of major economic losses in Africa, Asia and in the Middle East. There is no information emphasising the importance of diagnostic ultrasound in goats with CCPP caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae (Mccp). This study was designed to describe the ultrasonographic findings in goats with CCPP caused by Mccp and to correlate ultrasonographic with post-mortem findings. To this end, 55 goats with CCPP were examined...
August 22, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792500/malaria-malnutrition-and-birthweight-a-meta-analysis-using-individual-participant-data
#13
Jordan E Cates, Holger W Unger, Valerie Briand, Nadine Fievet, Innocent Valea, Halidou Tinto, Umberto D'Alessandro, Sarah H Landis, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Kathryn G Dewey, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Meghna Desai, Stephanie Dellicour, Peter Ouma, Julie Gutman, Martina Oneko, Laurence Slutsker, Dianne J Terlouw, Simon Kariuki, John Ayisi, Mwayiwawo Madanitsa, Victor Mwapasa, Per Ashorn, Kenneth Maleta, Ivo Mueller, Danielle Stanisic, Christentze Schmiegelow, John P A Lusingu, Anna Maria van Eijk, Melissa Bauserman, Linda Adair, Stephen R Cole, Daniel Westreich, Steven Meshnick, Stephen Rogerson
BACKGROUND: Four studies previously indicated that the effect of malaria infection during pregnancy on the risk of low birthweight (LBW; <2,500 g) may depend upon maternal nutritional status. We investigated this dependence further using a large, diverse study population. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We evaluated the interaction between maternal malaria infection and maternal anthropometric status on the risk of LBW using pooled data from 14,633 pregnancies from 13 studies (6 cohort studies and 7 randomized controlled trials) conducted in Africa and the Western Pacific from 1996-2015...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747190/bone-mineral-density-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
M J Kruger, T A Nell
Bone health status is largely absent in South Africa, the main reasons being the absence and cost-effectiveness of specific screening equipment for assessing bone mineral density (BMD). Various risk factors seem to play a role, some of which can be modified to change bone health status. Urbanisation is also a public health concern. Changing nutritional, as well as social behaviour, play integral roles in the prevalence and incidence of decreased BMD. Furthermore, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) specifically, has a negative impact on BMD and although highly active antiretroviral therapy increases the prognosis for HIV-infected individuals, BMD still seem to decrease further...
July 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722634/cystic-echinococcosis-in-turkana-kenya-the-role-of-cross-sectional-screening-surveys-in-assessing-the-prevalence-of-human-infection
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nadia Solomon, Eberhard Zeyhle, Jane Carter, John Wachira, Asrat Mengiste, Thomas Romig, Paul J Fields, Calum N L Macpherson
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a neglected zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Infection leads to formation of cysts within the viscera of the human host. In the 1980s, the transhumant population of northwest Turkana, Kenya, was found to have the highest prevalence of CE in the world. In 1983, AMREF Health Africa and the Kenya Medical and Research Institute launched a CE Control Program in northwest Turkana, screening and treating the local people. This epidemiological study of CE in Turkana analyses approximately 30 years of surveillance and surgical data...
August 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697621/undiagnosed-tuberculosis-in-patients-with-hiv-infection-who-present-with-severe-anaemia-at-a-district-hospital
#16
Mbulelo Mntonintshi, Don O'Mahony, Sikhumbuzo Mabunda, Kakia A F Namugenyi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of severe anaemia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in South Africa. However, TB can be difficult to diagnose as it may be extra pulmonary and paucibacillary. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate undiagnosed TB in patients with HIV infection and severe anaemia and to identify the optimal investigations for diagnosing TB. SETTING: Mthatha General Hospital, a district hospital...
June 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610096/the-genus-i-phlesirtes-i-bolivar-1922-orthoptera-tettigoniidae-conocephalinae-conocephalini-karniellina-a-review-of-the-genus-with-data-on-its-bioacoustics-and-the-description-of-new-species
#17
Claudia Hemp, Klaus-Gerhard Heller
Species of the genus Phlesirtes are reviewed in this paper and 16 new species described. A key is provided to the species of Phlesirtes. Among the subtribe Karniellina of Conocephalini members of the genus Phlesirtes occupy habitats of montane to afroalpine grasslands in East Africa. All recorded species produced long-lasting, trill-like calling songs, consisting of sequences of continuously repeated syllables or syllable pairs with the peak of the carrier frequency in the low ultrasound.
March 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609870/revision-of-the-genus-amytta-orthoptera-tettigoniidae-meconematinae-and-new-species-from-east-africa
#18
Claudia Hemp, Klaus-Gerhard Heller
New species of Amytta are described from East Africa. Beside tegminal length, they differ mainly in the structure of the complicated male genitalic organs, notably the last abdominal tergite and cerci. Data on habitat and the acoustics of some species and a key to the species are provided. The songs of all seven Amytta species studied are very similar, consisting of long trills with a syllable repetition rate of about 60 Hz (at 20ºC) and a broad frequency peak in the ultrasound at around 40 kHz. The biogeographic pattern and phylogenetic relationships are discussed for the group...
May 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596999/opportunities-and-challenges-in-realizing-universal-access-to-obstetric-ultrasound-in-sub-saharan-africa
#19
REVIEW
Sikolia Z Wanyonyi, Charles Muriuki Mariara, Sudhir Vinayak, William Stones
The potential benefits of obstetric ultrasound have yet to be fully realized in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), despite the region bearing the greatest burden of poor perinatal outcomes. We reviewed the literature for challenges and opportunities of universal access to obstetric ultrasound and explored what is needed to make such access an integral component of maternity care in order to address the massive burden of perinatal morbidity and mortality in SSA. Original peer-reviewed literature was searched in various electronic databases using a 'realist' approach...
April 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575919/zika-virus-infection-in-pregnant-women-and-microcephaly
#20
Geraldo Duarte, Antonio Fernandes Moron, Artur Timerman, César Eduardo Fernandes, Corintio Mariani Neto, Gutemberg Leão de Almeida Filho, Heron Werner Junior, Hilka Flavia Barra do Espírito Santo, João Alfredo Piffero Steibel, João Bortoletti Filho, Juvenal Barreto Borriello de Andrade, Marcelo Burlá, Marcos Felipe Silva de Sá, Newton Eduardo Busso, Paulo César Giraldo, Renato Augusto Moreira de Sá, Renato Passini Junior, Rosiane Mattar, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco
From the discovery of the Zika virus (ZIKV) in 1947 in Uganda (Africa), until its arrival in South America, it was not known that it would affect human reproductive life so severely. Today, damage to the central nervous system is known to be multiple, and microcephaly is considered the tip of the iceberg. Microcephaly actually represents the epilogue of this infection's devastating process on the central nervous system of embryos and fetuses. As a result of central nervous system aggression by the ZIKV, this infection brings the possibility of arthrogryposis, dysphagia, deafness and visual impairment...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
keyword
keyword
45008
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"