keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ultrasound and africa

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785924/preliminary-evidence-for-the-absence-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-gabon-a-cross-sectional-pilot-survey-in-humans-and-definitive-hosts
#1
Felix Lötsch, Ghyslain Mombo-Ngoma, Johannes Mischlinger, Mirjam Groger, Luzia Veletzky, Ayôla Akim Adegnika, Bertrand Lell, Selidji Todagbe Agnandji, Marielle Bouyou-Akotet, Markus Obermüller, Marion Wassermann, Renate Schneider, Herbert Auer, Michael Ramharter
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a globally endemic zoonosis caused by the larval stage of the Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) complex. Although the disease is known to be highly prevalent in certain parts of North and East Africa, data on CE, both in humans and definitive hosts, are extremely scarce for Central Africa. The present study assessed the epidemiology of CE in humans and dogs in rural Gabon. An ultrasound and serologic survey was conducted in volunteers from rural villages in Gabon. A two-step approach was used for serological testing with an indirect hemagglutination assay as a screening test and Western Blot as a confirmatory test...
May 21, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766563/the-effects-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-fetal-growth-and-neonatal-birth-measures-in-an-african-cohort
#2
S Macaulay, R J Munthali, D B Dunger, S A Norris
AIM: Fetal exposure to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is said to alter fetal growth and increase the risk of macrosomia. However, little research on GDM exists in African populations. This study aimed to assess longitudinal fetal growth and neonatal birth measures among Black African babies exposed to GDM. METHODS: Pregnant women (Soweto, South Africa) enrolled into a cohort study were followed up with repeated fetal ultrasounds. At 24-28 weeks' gestation a 2-h 75 g oral glucose tolerance test was performed and GDM was diagnosed using the World Health Organization's 2013 criteria...
May 15, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764474/acute-blindness-as-a-presenting-sign-of-childhood-endemic-burkitt-s-lymphoma-in-cameroon-a-case-report
#3
Brice N Vofo, Gaelle V F Ngankam, Calypse A Ngwasiri, Jeannine A Atem, Leopold N Aminde
BACKGROUND: Endemic Burkitt's lymphoma is found predominantly in malaria holoendemic zones, typically in the tropical rain forest of Africa. It usually presents as an extra-nodal tumour in children and young adults with predilection for jaws and soft tissues of the abdomen. Clinical features depend on the primary tumour site, extent of the disease and histologic subtype. Acute blindness as a presentation sign is rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13 year old African female presented to our facility with a 3 week history of painful abdominal distention, and loss of vision of the left eye...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746541/demonstration-of-an-algorithm-to-overcome-health-system-related-barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-of-breast-diseases-in-rural-zambia
#4
Leeya F Pinder, Jean-Baptiste Nzayisenga, Aaron Shibemba, Victor Kusweje, Hector Chiboola, Mary Amuyunzu-Nyamongo, Sharon Kapambwe, Catherine Mwaba, Pavlo Lermontov, Chibamba Mumba, Ronda Henry-Tillman, Groesbeck P Parham
BACKGROUND: Long delays to diagnosis is a major cause of late presentation of breast diseases in sub-Saharan Africa. AIMS: We designed and implemented a single-visit breast care algorithm that overcomes health system-related barriers to timely diagnosis of breast diseases. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team of Zambian healthcare experts trained a team of mid- and high-level Zambian healthcare practitioners how to evaluate women for breast diseases, and train trainers to do likewise...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649196/diagnosis-of-abdominal-tuberculosis-in-christchurch-new-zealand-a-case-series
#5
James Bevin, Simon Dalton, Chris Wakeman, Will Perry
AIM: Abdominal tuberculosis presents with non-specific symptoms, including generalised abdominal pain. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is critical to improving outcomes and avoiding complications. We conducted a retrospective review of cases of abdominal tuberculosis presenting to Christchurch Hospital to explore the epidemiology, clinical features and diagnostic modalities used. METHOD: Cases were identified by searching for relevant ICD discharge codes from January 1996 to January 2016...
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596494/high-rates-of-chronic-hbv-genotype-e-infection-in-a-group-of-migrants-in-italy-from-west-africa-virological-characteristics-associated-with-poor-immune-clearance
#6
Vincenzo Malagnino, Romina Salpini, Gaetano Maffongelli, Arianna Battisti, Lavinia Fabeni, Lorenzo Piermatteo, Luna Colagrossi, Vanessa Fini, Alessandra Ricciardi, Cesare Sarrecchia, Carlo Federico Perno, Massimo Andreoni, Valentina Svicher, Loredana Sarmati
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype E almost exclusively occurs in African people, and its presence is more commonly associated with the development of chronic HBV (CHB) infection. Moreover, an epidemiological link has been found between the distribution of HBV genotype E infection and African countries with high incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma. As part of a programme for the health assessment of migrants, we evaluated 358 young African subjects for HBV infection; 58.1% (208/358) were positive for an HBV marker, and 54 (25...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569722/etiology-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-west-africa-a-case-control-study
#7
Antoine Jaquet, Boris Tchounga, Aristophane Tanon, Aklesso Bagny, Didier K Ekouevi, Hamar A Traore, Annie J Sasco, Moussa Maiga, François Dabis
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer in West Africa where HBV infection is endemic. However, limited information is available on other risk factors such as alcohol use, HCV and HIV infection. A case-control study was conducted in referral hospitals of Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire), Bamako (Mali) and Lome (Togo). Cases were matched with controls on age, gender and participating site. The diagnosis of HCC relied on the combination of one or more space-occupying lesions suggestive of an HCC on a standardized abdominal ultrasound and an α-fetoprotein level ≥400 ng/ml...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503261/zika-virus-and-pregnancy-in-brazil-what-happened
#8
Alessandra Mendelski Pereira, Denise Leite Maia Monteiro, Heron Werner, Pedro Daltro, Tatiana Fazecas, Bianca Guedes, Gabriele Tonni, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Edward Araujo Júnior
The recent epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in Central and South America is one of the most serious global public health emergencies since the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. In Brazil, especially in the north, northeast, and southeast parts of the country, the ZIKV outbreak is a cause of concern for pregnant women because ZIKV intrauterine infection has been found to be associated with multiple brain malformations and microcephaly. In Brazil, the number of newborns with confirmed microcephaly per year recorded during the ZIKV outbreak, has been approximately 15 times greater than previously reported...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478017/what-resources-are-used-in-emergency-departments-in-rural-sub-saharan-africa-a-retrospective-analysis-of-patient-care-in-a-district-level-hospital-in-uganda
#9
Cindy Carol Bitter, Brian Rice, Usha Periyanayagam, Bradley Dreifuss, Heather Hammerstedt, Sara W Nelson, Mark Bisanzo, Samuel Maling, Stacey Chamberlain
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most commonly used resources (provider procedural skills, medications, laboratory studies and imaging) needed to care for patients. SETTING: A single emergency department (ED) of a district-level hospital in rural Uganda. PARTICIPANTS: 26 710 patient visits. RESULTS: Procedures were performed for 65.6% of patients, predominantly intravenous cannulation, wound care, bladder catheterisation and orthopaedic procedures...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422204/the-world-health-organization-fetal-growth-charts-concept-findings-interpretation-and-application
#10
REVIEW
Torvid Kiserud, Alexandra Benachi, Kurt Hecher, Rogelio González Perez, José Carvalho, Gilda Piaggio, Lawrence D Platt
Ultrasound biometry is an important clinical tool for the identification, monitoring, and management of fetal growth restriction and development of macrosomia. This is even truer in populations in which perinatal morbidity and mortality rates are high, which is a reason that much effort is put onto making the technique available everywhere, including low-income societies. Until recently, however, commonly used reference ranges were based on single populations largely from industrialized countries. Thus, the World Health Organization prioritized the establishment of fetal growth charts for international use...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408725/assessment-of-adulthood-in-the-living-spanish-population-based-on-ossification-of-the-medial-clavicle-epiphysis-using-ultrasound-methods
#11
María Benito, Alexandra Muñoz, Isabel Beltrán, Elena Labajo, Bernardo Perea, José Antonio Sánchez
It is a fact that in recent years requests have greatly increased to obtain estimates of the legal age of undocumented individuals alleged to be minors who have been forced to enter different European Community countries for socioeconomic reasons or due to war. Spain is one of the countries most affected by this illegal immigration because of its proximity to North Africa. Therefore, it has become necessary to develop new standards which help provide a response to the demands of the justice administration. In recent years, the Superior Justice Court has rejected several pieces of expert evidence on the grounds that the age intervals therein were not sufficiently reliable and that the radiographic techniques used to determine age were invasive, potentially causing harm to the alleged minor...
March 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317419/cohort-profile-effect-of-malaria-in-early-pregnancy-on-fetal-growth-in-benin-recipal-preconceptional-cohort
#12
Manfred Accrombessi, Emmanuel Yovo, Gilles Cottrell, Gino Agbota, Agnès Gartner, Yves Martin-Prevel, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Diane Djossinou, Jennifer Zeitlin, Nicaise Tuikue-Ndam, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Sandrine Houzé, Nicola Jackson, Paul Ayemonna, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Nadine Fievet, Valérie Briand
PURPOSE: REtard de Croissance Intra-uterin et PALudisme (RECIPAL) is an original preconceptional cohort designed to assess the consequences of malaria during the first trimester of pregnancy, which is a poorly investigated period in Africa and during which malaria may be detrimental to the fetus. PARTICIPANTS: For this purpose, a total of 1214 women of reproductive age living in Sô-Ava and Akassato districts (south Benin) were followed up monthly from June 2014 to December 2016 until 411 of them became pregnant...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317333/pocket-size-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-rural-uganda-a-unique-opportunity-to-see-where-no-imaging-facilities-are-available
#13
Danny Epstein, Neta Petersiel, Erez Klein, Erez Marcusohn, Eyal Aviran, Reut Harel, Zaher S Azzam, Ami Neuberger, Lior Fuchs
BACKGROUND: In the developing world, only a small minority of patients have access to radiological services. Over the past decade, technological developments of ultrasound equipment have led to the emergence of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS), which is widely used by healthcare professionals of nearly all specialties. We hypothesized that physicians with only basic POCUS training, but with telemedicine support, can use POCUS successfully in rural hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa...
January 6, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284787/endemic-goiter-and-iodine-deficiency-status-among-guinea-bissau-school-age-children
#14
Andre Couto Carvalho, Ana Machado, Adulai Robalo Embalo, Adriano A Bordalo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Iodine deficiency disorders are estimated to affect 25% of all school-age children around the world. Current policies concerning iodine deficiency disorders in many countries are not based on robust or recent national data. Our objective was to evaluate the current status of iodine nutrition in Guinea-Bissau (West Africa). SUBJECT/METHODS: A cross-sectional survey including 299 school-age children, aged 6-14 years old, from four distinct regions of Guinea-Bissau across a coast-hinterland gradient (Bolama, Bissau, Cambaju-Bafatá, and Gabú) was performed...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278943/a-retrospective-study-of-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focussed-ultrasound-ablation-for-multiple-uterine-fibroids-in-south-africa
#15
Min He, Hayley Jacobson, Cai Zhang, Raymond Setzen, Lian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the shrinkage rate, symptom relief and improvement of the quality of life following ultrasound-guided high intensity focussed ultrasound (USgHIFU) for multiple uterine fibroids. METHODS: From October 2015 to November 2016, 81 black women with multiple symptomatic fibroids underwent USgHIFU. The number of the fibroids ranged from 3 to 9. The shrinkage rate of fibroids, symptom severity score and quality of life were evaluated following USgHIFU...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258579/giant-ovarian-cyst-masquerading-as-a-massive-ascites-a-case-report
#16
Eugene Vernyuy Yeika, Derrick Tembi Efie, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Joseph Nkeangu Fomengia
BACKGROUND: Giant ovarian cysts are tumours of the ovary presenting with diameters greater than 10 cm. Giant ovarian cysts have become rare in recent days as they are diagnosed and managed early due to the availability of good imaging modalities. The aim of this case report is to show how a huge cystic ovarian mass can mislead the diagnosis of ascites in a postmenopausal woman. Factors associated with late presentation of giant ovarian cysts in sub-Saharan Africa have also been discussed...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230260/-epidemiological-features-of-cardiorenal-syndrome-a-study-of-36-cases-in-the-cardiology-department-in-dakar
#17
Malick Bodian, Awa Thiaw, Simon Antoine Sarr, Kana Babaka, Fatou Aw, Aliou Alassane Ngaïde, Mouhamadou Bamba Ndiaye, Adama Kane, Modou Jobe, Alassane Mbaye, Maboury Diao, Moustapha Sarr, Serigne Abdou Ba
Introduction: Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a pathophysiologic disorder of the heart and the kidneys whereby acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction of the other. In Africa, particularly in Senegal, the incidence of cardiorenal syndrome is not accurately known. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of CRS in the Cardiology Department. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study including all patients with heart failure associated with alteration of renal function, hospitalized in the Cardiology Department between April 2010 and April 2011...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204236/hydatid-cyst-presented-as-a-subcutaneous-thigh-mass
#18
Leyla Acu, Berat Acu, Rusen Acu, S Ahmet Sahin
Hydatid disease is an endemic zoonosis, and patients are generally from cattle- and sheep-raising regions of the world, such as Central Europe, the Mediterranean, the Middle East, China, South America, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Russia (Lewall and McCorkell in Radiology 155:773-775, 1985). Furthermore, hydatid cyst is a disease of immigrants in non-endemic countries and in developed countries (Stojkovic et al. in PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1880, 2012). The most common affected organs are liver and lungs...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180200/indicators-of-breast-cancer-in-patients-undergoing-microdochectomy-for-a-pathological-nipple-discharge-in-a-middle-income-country
#19
Chiapo Lesetedi, Sarah Rayne, Deirdre Kruger, Carol-Ann Benn
BACKGROUND: The management of a pathological nipple discharge often involves surgery for the exclusion of a malignant etiology. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of cancer in patients who had microdochectomy for pathological nipple discharge in a population in South Africa and to evaluate patients' demographics and clinical characteristics as indicators of underlying cancer and make recommendations for their management in resource-limited settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical, radiological, and histological data from 153 patients who underwent a microdochectomy for a pathological nipple discharge at two South African breast clinics was collected...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164082/acute-septic-arthritis-of-the-knee-caused-by-kingella-kingae-in-a-5-year-old-cameroonian-boy
#20
Nawal El Houmami, Dimitri Ceroni, Karine Codjo Seignon, Jean-Christophe Pons, Cédric Lambert, Guillaume André Durand, Philippe Minodier, Léopold Lamah, Philippe Bidet, Jacques Schrenzel, Didier Raoult, Pierre-Edouard Fournier
Kingella kingae is an important cause of invasive infections in young children from Western countries. Although increasing reports indicate that this organism is the leading agent of bone and joint infections in early childhood, data on K. kingae infections from resource-limited settings are scarce, and none has yet been reported in Africa. We herein report the diagnostic and epidemiological investigations of the first case of K. kingae arthritis identified in a child from sub-Saharan Africa. A 5-year-old Cameroonian boy presented with a sudden painful limp which appeared in the course of a mild rhinopharyngitis...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
45008
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"