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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471575/-breast-cancer-diagnostics-and-therapy-the-most-important-facts-for-internists
#1
Ulrich Hamann, Christine Ankel
LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  After reviewing this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the epidemiology of breast cancer, its incidence and impact. 2. Appreciate the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. 3. Understand the concept of comprehensive breast cancer management and its multidisciplinarity. 4. Be knowledgeable about the entire process required to manage breast cancer, since the early diagnosis until the management of non breast related conditions derived from the treatment...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471559/-suturing-an-acute-acl-lesion-with-dynamic-intraligamentary-stabilisation
#2
Christoph Ihle, H Nakayama, Christoph Gonser, Ulrich Stöckle, Stefan Döbele, Steffen Schröter, Marc-Daniel Ahrend, Atesch Ateschrang
BACKGROUND: The established surgical technique for lesion of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is reconstruction with an autologous tendon. However, patients after ACL-replacement have increased osteoarthritis rates. Possible explanations are persistent knee instability and the loss of the ACL's proprioceptive function. Therefore, surgeons have developed an alternative treatment to preserve the ACL by readapting femoral ACL lesions by temporary protective dynamic intraligamentary stabilisation (DIS)...
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471410/risk-factors-associated-with-sustaining-a-sport-related-concussion-an-initial-synthesis-study-of-12-320-student-athletes
#3
Benjamin L Brett, Andrew W Kuhn, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
Objective: The empirical identification of risk factors associated with sport-related concussion (SRC) may improve the management of student-athletes. The current study attempted to identify and quantify bio-cognitive risk factors associated with sustaining a SRC. Methods: Cross-sectional ambispective study; level of evidence, 3. Neurocognitive testing of 12,320 middle school, high school and collegiate athletes was completed at preseason baseline and post-SRC. Univariate and multivariable logistic regressions were used to determine which pre-injury variables accurately predicted the occurrence of SRC...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471354/a-coliform-targeted-metagenomic-method-facilitating-human-exposure-estimates-to-escherichia-coli-borne-antibiotic-resistance-genes
#4
A F C Leonard, X L Yin, T Zhang, M Hui, W H Gaze
Background: Antimicrobial resistance and the spread of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) poses a threat to human health. Community-acquired infections resistant to treatment with first-line antibiotics are increasing, and there are few studies investigating environmental exposures and transmission. Aim: To develop a novel targeted metagenomic method to quantify the abundance and diversity of ARGs in a faecal indicator bacterium, and to estimate human exposure to resistant bacteria in a natural environment...
February 19, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471056/number-of-raised-steps-during-the-short-and-fast-step-test-a-functional-tool-to-assess-response-to-brief-and-intense-effort-involving-anaerobic-metabolism
#5
Davy Laroche, Morgane Mangin, Delphine Besson, Alexandre Naaim, Anaïs Gouteron, Jean-Marie Casillas
BACKGROUND: Although the initial anaerobic component of exercise adaptation is unavoidable, no specific functional test is available for use in routine non-sporting practice to evaluate it. OBJECTIVE: To assess the bioenergetic and biomechanical properties of the Short and Fast Step Test (SFST), which consists of walking up and down a step as many times as possible in 1minute and to analyse its ability to explore the initial anaerobic component of effort in comparison to a reference self-paced step test...
February 19, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470824/turning-up-the-heat-an-evaluation-of-the-evidence-for-heating-to-promote-exercise-recovery-muscle-rehabilitation-and-adaptation
#6
REVIEW
Hamish McGorm, Llion A Roberts, Jeff S Coombes, Jonathan M Peake
Historically, heat has been used in various clinical and sports rehabilitation settings to treat soft tissue injuries. More recently, interest has emerged in using heat to pre-condition muscle against injury. The aim of this narrative review was to collate information on different types of heat therapy, explain the physiological rationale for heat therapy, and to summarise and evaluate the effects of heat therapy before, during and after muscle injury, immobilisation and strength training. Studies on skeletal muscle cells demonstrate that heat attenuates cellular damage and protein degradation (following in vitro challenges/insults to the cells)...
February 22, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470823/methodological-characteristics-and-future-directions-for-plyometric-jump-training-research-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Álvarez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Paulo Gentil, Abbas Asadi, Helmi Chaabene, Jason Moran, Cesar Meylan, Antonio García-de-Alcaraz, Javier Sanchez-Sanchez, Fabio Y Nakamura, Urs Granacher, William Kraemer, Mikel Izquierdo
Recently, there has been a proliferation of published articles on the effect of plyometric jump training, including several review articles and meta-analyses. However, these types of research articles are generally of narrow scope. Furthermore, methodological limitations among studies (e.g., a lack of active/passive control groups) prevent the generalization of results, and these factors need to be addressed by researchers. On that basis, the aims of this scoping review were to (1) characterize the main elements of plyometric jump training studies (e...
February 22, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470745/estimated-brain-tissue-response-following-impacts-associated-with-and-without-diagnosed-concussion
#8
Jonathan G Beckwith, Wei Zhao, Songbai Ji, Amaris G Ajamil, Richard P Bolander, Jeffrey J Chu, Thomas W McAllister, Joseph J Crisco, Stefan M Duma, Steven Rowson, Steven P Broglio, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Jason P Mihalik, Scott Anderson, Brock Schnebel, P Gunnar Brolinson, Michael W Collins, Richard M Greenwald
Kinematic measurements of head impacts are sensitive to sports concussion, but not highly specific. One potential reason is these measures reflect input conditions only and may have varying degrees of correlation to regional brain tissue deformation. In this study, previously reported head impact data recorded in the field from high school and collegiate football players were analyzed using two finite element head models (FEHM). Forty-five impacts associated with immediately diagnosed concussion were simulated along with 532 control impacts without identified concussion obtained from the same players...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470731/sacral-neuromodulation-versus-personalized-conservative-treatment-in-patients-with-idiopathic-slow-transit-constipation-study-protocol-of-the-no-2-trial-a-multicenter-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#9
S C M Heemskerk, A H Rotteveel, M A Benninga, C I M Baeten, A A M Masclee, J Melenhorst, S M J van Kuijk, C D Dirksen, S O Breukink
PURPOSE: The evidence regarding the (cost-)effectiveness of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in patients with therapy-resistant idiopathic slow-transit constipation is of suboptimal quality. The Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sports has granted conditional reimbursement for SNM treatment. The objective is to assess the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and budget impact of SNM compared to personalized conservative treatment (PCT) in patients with idiopathic slow-transit constipation refractory to conservative treatment...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470704/relationship-between-sleep-and-exercise-as-colorectal-cancer-survivors-transition-off-treatment
#10
Theresa Coles, Antonia V Bennett, Xianming Tan, Claudio L Battaglini, Hanna K Sanoff, Ethan Basch, Roxanne E Jensen, Bryce B Reeve
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between exercise and sleep disturbance in a sample of individuals diagnosed with stage I, II, and III colorectal cancer (CRC) as patients transitioned off first-line treatment. We also sought to identify heterogeneity in the relationship between sleep disturbance and exercise. METHODS: Data were obtained from the MY-Health study, a community-based observational study of adults diagnosed with cancer...
February 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470592/-treatment-after-anatomical-and-inverse-shoulder-tep
#11
REVIEW
M Farkhondeh Fal, J Kircher
Shoulder arthroplasties in specialized centers are routine procedures with an increasing number of operations in the developed countries. Restoration of pain free shoulder function requires an intensive, specific and individual rehabilitation program for each patient. There is a phase-like course with different specific demands and measures that extends over a period of several weeks. Return to sport and a pain free function for activities of daily living resulting in a high patient satisfaction can routinely be expected...
February 22, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470591/-differences-in-subjective-health-mental-health-and-health-behavior-among-11-to-17-year-olds-at-secondary-schools-in-germany-results-of-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-children-and-adolescents-first-follow-up-kiggs-wave-1
#12
Julia Waldhauer, Benjamin Kuntz, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: Social inequalities in health can already be found among children and adolescents to the disadvantage of socially deprived population groups. This paper aims to detect, whether differences in subjective health, mental health and health behavior among young people are due to the secondary school type attended and whether these associations exist independently of the family's socioeconomic position (SEP). METHODS: The data basis was the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS Wave 1, 2009-2012)...
February 22, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470555/bernese-motive-and-goal-inventory-in-exercise-and-sport-validation-of-an-updated-version-of-the-questionnaire
#13
Julia Schmid, Vanessa Gut, Achim Conzelmann, Gorden Sudeck
Target group-specific intervention strategies are often called for in order to effectively promote exercise and sport. Currently, motives and goals are rarely included systematically in the design of interventions, despite the key role they play in well-being and adherence to exercise. The Bernese motive and goal inventory (BMZI) allows an individual diagnosis of motives and goals in exercise and sport in people in middle adulthood. The purpose of the present study was to elaborate on the original BMZI and to modify the questionnaire in order to improve its psychometric properties...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470505/grunting-s-competitive-advantage-considerations-of-force-and-distraction
#14
Scott Sinnett, Cj Maglinti, Alan Kingstone
BACKGROUND: Grunting is pervasive in many athletic contests, and empirical evidence suggests that it may result in one exerting more physical force. It may also distract one's opponent. That grunts can distract was supported by a study showing that it led to an opponent being slower and more error prone when viewing tennis shots. An alternative explanation was that grunting masks the sound of a ball being hit. The present study provides evidence against this alternative explanation by testing the effect of grunting in a sport-mixed martial arts-where distraction, rather than masking, is the most likely mechanism...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470363/a-physiological-and-sport-specific-comparison-between-division-i-and-division-ii-italian-male-field-hockey-players
#15
Sandro Bartolomei, Federico Nigro, Luca Gubellini, Simone Ciacci, Franco Merni, Filippo Treno, Matteo Cortesi, Gabriele Semprini
The purpose of the present study was to compare the anthropometric and performance profiles of division I (D1) and division II (D2) Italian field hockey players.Fifteen DI players and fifteen D2 players (age = 25.4 ± 5.2 y; body mass = 78.5 ± 9.0 kg; body height = 179.6 ± 7.8 cm) were assessed on one occasion for anthropometry, body composition, physiological measurements and sport-specific skills. Differences between the two groups were evaluated using a one-way analysis of variance. Pearson correlations were used to examine relationships between the different measurements...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470319/splenic-rupture-in-children-with-portal-hypertension
#16
Orith Waisbourd-Zinman, Amit Shah, Henry C Lin, Elizabeth B Rand
INTRODUCTION: Massive splenomegaly from portal hypertension (PHTN) in children raises the specter of splenic rupture; however, the incidence, etiology, and risk of rupture have not been studied, nor have existing practices to reduce risk. We therefore performed an international survey to describe the splenic rupture cases in PHTN and to describe the existing empirical practice among hepatologists. METHODS: A questionnaire was constructed to elicit cases of splenic rupture and collect hepatologists' common practices for prevention of splenic rupture...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468949/methodologies-for-investigating-performance-changes-with-supplement-use
#17
Louise M Burke, Peter Peeling
Many expert sporting bodies now support a pragmatic acceptance of the use of performance supplements which have passed a risk:benefit analysis of being safe, effective, and permitted for use, while also being appropriate to the athlete's age and maturation in their sport. However, gaining evidence of the performance benefits of these supplements is a process challenged by the scarcity of research in relation to the number of available products, and the limitations of the poor quality of some studies. While meta-analyses and systematic reviews can help to provide information about the general use of performance supplements, the controlled scientific trial provides the basis on which these reviews are undertaken, as well as an opportunity to address more specific questions about supplement applications...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468909/erratum-gough-et-al-2017
#18
(no author information available yet)
In the article by Gough, L.A., Rimmer, S., Osler, C.J., & Higgins, M.F. (2017). Ingestion of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3 ) following a fatiguing bout of exercise accelerates postexercise acid-base balance recovery and improves subsequent high-intensity cycling time to exhaustion, International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 27(5), 429-438, doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0065 , we did not accurately reflect several content and layout corrections which were needed. These include: (a) The key for Figure 1 was erroneously included for Figure 3 (and not for Figure 1)...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468907/heads-up-could-sport-psychology-be-used-to-aide-medical-training
#19
Hallam Amos, Charles Broome, Cameron Watson, Matthew Bradley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468901/osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-knee-conservative-treatment-strategies-a-systematic-review
#20
Luca Andriolo, Christian Candrian, Tiziana Papio, Alessia Cavicchioli, Francesco Perdisa, Giuseppe Filardo
Objective Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions are a relevant problem that affects the long-term prognosis of young patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the evidence on potential and indications of nonsurgical treatment strategies for knee OCD. Design The search was conducted on 3 medical electronic databases according to PRISMA guidelines, including reports of any level of evidence dealing with the conservative management of knee OCD. Of 1688 identified records, 55 full-text articles were screened: 27 studies met the inclusion criteria, for a total of 908 knees, and were used for the analysis...
February 1, 2018: Cartilage
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