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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232726/-subtalare-screw-arthroereisis-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-flexible-pes-planovalgus
#1
Dariusch Arbab, Daniel Frank, Bertil Bouillon, Christian Lüring, Carsten Wingenfeld, Mona Abbara-Czardybon
Background The purpose of this study was to determine the functional outcomes and radiographic results of the talus-stop screw method as minimally invasive subtalar arthroereisis in pediatric and juvenile flexible flatfoot. Material and Methods We retrospectively evaluated 73 feet from 41 children using the talus stop-screw method, for the period between 2002 and 2011. The age at time of surgery ranged between nine and 14 years. The radiological assessment included measuring the calcaneal pitch, talar declination, talo-first metatarsal angle (Meary) and calcaneal-first metatarsal angle (Costa-Bartani) in the lateral view...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232481/tracking-of-areal-bone-mineral-density-from-age-eight-to-young-adulthood-and-factors-associated-with-deviation-from-tracking-a-17-yr-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Yi Yang, Feitong Wu, Tania Winzenberg, Graeme Jones
We have previously shown that bone mineral density (BMD) tracks strongly from age 8 to 16. This study aimed to describe whether this strong tracking continued to age 25 and describe factors associated with deviation from tracking. Ninety-nine participants were followed from age 8 to 25 and 197 participants from age 16 to 25. Outcomes measured were BMD at the spine, hip and total body (by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)). Other factors measured were anthropometrics, inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) use, history of being breastfed, sports participation, fitness (by physical work capacity (PWC170 )), lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) (by DXA)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231753/rates-of-insufficiency-and-deficiency-of-vitamin-d-levels-in-elite-professional-male-and-female-skiers-a-chronobiologic-approach
#3
Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Giovanni Lombardi, Luca Cavaleri, Rosa Graziani, Herbert Schoenhuber, Antonio La Torre, Giuseppe Banfi
Vitamin D is essential for the maintenance and promotion of musculoskeletal health, for the functioning of the immune, cardiovascular and reproductive systems, and its main action is to keep calcium and phosphate plasmatic physiological concentrations at intestinal, renal and bony level. Vitamin D affects several parameters related to physical performance too and a particularly high percentage of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency in professional athletes has been observed. Several variables are able to impair the synthesis of 25(OH)D in athletes, specifically both genetic and environmental factors, but the most probable explanation for the deficient/insufficient vitamin D levels is the insufficient ultraviolet B light (UVB) exposure during winter...
December 12, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231545/-impacts-of-acupoint-catgut-embedding-therapy-on-postpartum-weight-retention
#4
Huimin Zhang, Xuehong Ma, Chao Jiang, Rongxing Shi
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impacts of acupoint catgut embedding therapy on postpartum weight retention. METHODS: Seventy-one women of postpartum weight retention were divided into an observation group (35 cases) and a control group (36 cases) according to their own wishes when re-examination in 42 days after delivery. In the control group, the nutrition consultation was provided and the calories intake was controlled continuously for 20 weeks. In the observation group, on the basis of the treatment as the control group, the acupoint embedding therapy was applied to Zhongwan (CV 12), Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Tianshu (ST 25), Guilai (ST 29), Shuifen (CV 9), Shousanli (LI 10), Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40) and Yinlingquan (SP 9)...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231092/test-retest-reliability-of-the-irrational-performance-beliefs-inventory
#5
M J Turner, M J Slater, J Dixon, A Miller
The irrational performance beliefs inventory (iPBI) was developed to measure irrational beliefs within performance domains such as sport, academia, business, and the military. Past research indicates that the iPBI has good construct, concurrent, and predictive validity, but the test-retest reliability of the iPBI has not yet been examined. Therefore, in the present study the iPBI was administered to university sport and exercise students (n = 160) and academy soccer athletes (n = 75) at three-time points...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230516/-the-distribution-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-employees-from-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-germany
#6
Andrea Kaifie, Thomas Kraus
BACKGROUND: The German Prevention Act, the main parts of which came into force on 25 July 2015, encourages health promotion and prevention programs for people in their living environment. Through this act, preventive measures could reach employees at work that hardly seek medical services. This is of importance since employees with a low occupational position often show risk factors that increase morbidity and mortality. METHODS: In this study, clinical data from n = 2280 employees from small and medium sized enterprises (SME) were analyzed for economic sector, sex, socioeconomic position (SEP), economic sector cardiovascular risk factors, musculoskeletal and psychological diseases...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229415/return-to-sports-after-tibial-tubercle-osteotomy-for-patellofemoral-pain-and-osteoarthritis
#7
Joseph N Liu, Hao-Hua Wu, Grant H Garcia, Irene L Kalbian, Sabrina M Strickland, Beth E Shubin Stein
PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to sports and clinical outcomes after anteromedialization (AMZ) tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) for patients with patellofemoral pain and/or osteoarthritis. METHODS: This study is a retrospective case series of consecutive patients who underwent unilateral or staged bilateral AMZ TTO for a primary diagnosis of patellofemoral pain or arthritis. Included were all patients with minimum 1-year follow-up. The indication for surgery was failure of at least 6 months of nonoperative treatment...
December 8, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229330/detection-and-confirmation-of-%C3%AE-cobratoxin-in-equine-plasma-by-solid-phase-extraction-and-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-mass-spectrometry
#8
Fuyu Guan, Youwen You, Xiaoqing Li, Mary A Robinson
α-Cobratoxin (CTX) is a large peptide (71 amino acids) with strong analgesic effect and may be misused in sports such as horse racing. To prevent such misuse, a sensitive method is required for detection and confirmation of the toxin in equine samples. CTX was extracted from equine plasma using an optimized mixed-mode solid-phase extraction (SPE) procedure. Extracted CTX was reduced with dithiothreitol and alkylated with iodoacetamide, and then was digested by trypsin at 56°C for 30min. The digest was analysed by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and tryptic peptides T2 (3CFITPDITSK12) and T4 (24TWCDAFCSIR33) were monitored for detection and confirmation of CTX...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228937/do-objective-neighbourhood-characteristics-relate-to-residents-preferences-for-certain-sports-locations-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-discrete-choice-modelling-approach
#9
Ineke Deelen, Marijke Jansen, Nico J Dogterom, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Dick Ettema
BACKGROUND: The number of sports facilities, sports clubs, or city parks in a residential neighbourhood may affect the likelihood that people participate in sports and their preferences for a certain sports location. This study aimed to assess whether objective physical and socio-spatial neighbourhood characteristics relate to sports participation and preferences for sports locations. METHODS: Data from Dutch adults (N = 1201) on sports participation, their most-used sports location, and socio-demographic characteristics were collected using an online survey...
December 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228862/oculomotor-cognitive-control-abnormalities-in-australian-rules-football-players-with-a-history-of-concussion
#10
Meaghan Clough, Steven Mutimer, David K Wright, Adrian Tsang, Daniel Costello, Andrew Gardner, Peter Stanwell, Richelle Mychasiuk, Mujun Sun, Rhys D Brady, Stuart John McDonald, Kyria Maree Webster, Maddison Johnstone, Joanne Fielding, Bridgette Semple, Denes V Agoston, Owen B White, Richard Frayne, Terence John O'Brien, Sandy Richard Shultz
This study used oculomotor, cognitive, and multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures to assess for neurological abnormalities in current asymptomatic amateur Australian rules footballers (i.e., Australia's most participated collision sport) with a history of sports-related concussion (SRC). Participants were 15 male amateur Australian rules football players with a history of SRC greater than 6 months previously, and 15 sex-, age- and education-matched athlete control subjects that had no history of neurotrauma or participation in collision sports...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228800/fifth-metatarsal-jones-fractures-in-the-athlete
#11
David A Porter
Fifth metatarsal fractures, otherwise known as "Jones" fractures, occur commonly in athletes and nonathletes alike. While recent occurrence in the popular elite athlete has increased public knowledge and interest in the fracture, this injury is common at all levels of sport. This review will focus on all three types of Jones fractures. The current standard for treatment is operative intervention with intramedullary screw fixation. Athletes typically report an acute episode of lateral foot pain, described as an ache...
December 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228442/a-novel-boswellic-acids-delivery-form-casperome%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-review
#12
A Riva, P Allegrini, F Franceschi, S Togni, L Giacomelli, R Eggenhoffner
Standard pharmacological treatment of musculoskeletal conditions is often associated with relevant side effects. Botanical preparations endowed with a good tolerability profile, therefore, could have a role in the management of these disorders. Among different natural products, Boswellia serrata extracts have long been used for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, given their marked anti-inflammatory activity and their ability to promote tissue regeneration. However, standard preparations of Boswellia serrata show overall modest pharmacokinetic properties, a limitation which may ultimately lead to reduced efficacy...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228408/-biomechanical-evaluation-of-rehabilitation-after-surgical-repair-of-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#13
Marlene Mauch, Markus Ulrich, Xaver Kaelin, Bernhard Segesser, Jochen Paul
Background Muscles and tendons are subjected to a high level of stress in everyday life and sports. This often leads to injuries and is associated with training failure and reduced performance as well as with high costs for treatment and rehabilitation. Fast and successful treatment is therefore very important, both from an athletic and economic point of view. This study aims to demonstrate the relevance of biomechanical procedures for the objective monitoring of rehabilitation. At the same time, the results are to be used to establish progress and evaluation criteria for an efficient and controlled rehabilitation...
December 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228407/-sport-after-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#14
Friedrich Boettner, Maximilian F Kasparek, Kilian Rueckl, Christian Liebau
The introduction of new materials and better implant coatings seems to provide the prerequisites for more intense physical activities after total joint arthroplasties of the lower extremity. Despite recent advances in implant design and materials, recommendations for sport after total joint arthroplasty have not been updated over the past 20 years. The introduction of modern uncemented fixation as well as highly cross-linked polyethylene into total hip arthroplasty allow for a more active life-style without an increased risk of loosening or complications...
December 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227731/injuries-in-japanese-junior-soccer-players-during-games-and-practices
#15
Kenji Kuzuhara, Masashi Shibata, Ryo Uchida
CONTEXT:   Soccer is the most popular junior sport in the world. In junior sports, injury analysis and injury-prevention measures for players, especially those under 12 years of age, are urgently needed. OBJECTIVE:   To prospectively study the incidence, sites, types, and mechanisms of injuries in elementary school-aged junior soccer players during games and practices. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Elementary school-aged junior soccer teams in Nagoya, Japan...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227374/collateral-ligament-knee-injuries-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes
#16
Dennis E Kramer, Patricia E Miller, Iman K Berrahou, Yi-Meng Yen, Benton E Heyworth
BACKGROUND: The majority of research on medial (MCL) and lateral (LCL) collateral ligament injuries has focused on adults and combined collateral/cruciate injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine characteristics associated with isolated collateral ligament injuries in adolescents, and assess timing for return to sports. METHODS: Electronic medical records were queried to identify patients aged below 17 years who sustained a magnetic resonance imaging-confirmed isolated MCL or LCL injury over an 8-year period...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227353/epidemiology-of-osteoarthritis-literature-update
#17
Ernest R Vina, C Kent Kwoh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent studies of osteoarthritis epidemiology, including research on prevalence, disease impact, and potential risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: Osteoarthritis is highly prevalent in the United States and around the globe. It is a leading cause of disability and can negatively impact people's physical and mental well being. Healthcare resources and costs associated with managing the disease can be substantial...
December 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227147/-the-investigation-of-attitudes-toward-health-behaviour-among-high-school-and-university-students
#18
Beáta Erika Nagy, Karolina Eszter Kovács
INTRODUCTION: Health awareness plays an important role in our life, which contains attitudes as well behavioural components. Social factors influencing health awareness were the basis of many previous investigations, measuring the effect of demographical and psychological factors. However, investigation of these factors usually happened with separated questions. AIM: The aim of the present study is to test a new questionnaire, which measures health behaviour and attitudes related to health awareness...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226558/detection-of-the-human-anti-actrii-antibody-bimagrumab-in-serum-by-means-of-affinity-purification-tryptic-digestion-and-lc-hrms
#19
Katja Walpurgis, Andreas Thomas, Frank Dellanna, Wilhelm Schänzer, Mario Thevis
PURPOSE: Inhibitors of the ActRII signaling pathways represent promising therapeutics for the treatment of muscular diseases, but also pose risks as performance-enhancing agents in sports. Bimagrumab is a human anti-ActRII antibody which was found to increase muscle mass and function by blocking ActRII signaling. As it has considerable potential for being misused as doping agent in sports, the aim of this study was to develop a mass spectrometric detection assay for doping control serum samples...
December 11, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226423/patellar-tendinopathy-with-intra-tendinous-alteration-on-mri-may-be-related-to-patellofemoral-dysplasia
#20
Philippe M Tscholl, Roland M Biedert, Florian Wanivenhaus, Sandro F Fucentese
Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is a frequent overuse-injury of the extensor knee apparatus whereas as up to 30% of the athletes might suffer from persisting symptoms during their entire career. In the present case-control study, 47 patients (30.8±11.4 years) with PT with intra-tendinous alteration (PTita) of a minimum of ≥ 25% of the axial surface on MRI and minimum Blazina score of II (pain during without limiting sports activity) were included; MR images were analysed for trochlear geometry, patellar height/tilt, and tibial tubercle trochlear groove distance (TT-TG)...
December 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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