Read by QxMD icon Read

histone deacetylase macrophage

Byeong Hwa Jeon
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) is a multifunctional protein that plays a central role in the cellular response to DNA damage and redox regulation against oxidative stress. APE1/Ref-1 is essential for cellular survival and embryonic lethal in knockout mouse models. Heterozygous APE1/Ref-1 mice showed impaired endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation, reduced vascular NO levels, and are hypertensive. APE1/Ref-1 reduces intracellular reactive oxygen species production by negatively regulating the activity of the NADPH oxidase...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Byeong Hwa Jeon
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) is a multifunctional protein that plays a central role in the cellular response to DNA damage and redox regulation against oxidative stress. APE1/Ref-1 is essential for cellular survival and embryonic lethal in knockout mouse models. Heterozygous APE1/Ref-1 mice showed impaired endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation, reduced vascular NO levels, and are hypertensive. APE1/Ref-1 reduces intracellular reactive oxygen species production by negatively regulating the activity of the NADPH oxidase...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Erica Miraglia, Frank Nylén, Katarina Johansson, Elias Arnér, Marcus Cebula, Susan Farmand, Håkan Ottosson, Roger Strömberg, Gudmundur H Gudmundsson, Birgitta Agerberth, Peter Bergman
Bacterial resistance against classical antibiotics is a growing problem and the development of new antibiotics is limited. Thus, novel alternatives to antibiotics are warranted. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are effector molecules of innate immunity that can be induced by several compounds, including vitamin D and phenyl-butyrate (PBA). Utilizing a luciferase based assay, we recently discovered that the histone deacetylase inhibitor Entinostat is a potent inducer of the CAMP gene encoding the human cathelicidin LL-37...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jiaoyang Li, Xizi Wu, Yao Chen, Renqing Zeng, Yangzi Zhao, Panpan Chang, Danna Wang, Qianwen Zhao, Yunlei Deng, Yongqing Li, Hasan B Alam, Wei Chong
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of molecular hydrogen (H2) and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, on paraquat (PQ)-stimulated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in macrophages. First, the PQ optimal concentration was determined in RAW264.7 macrophage by treating serum-starved cells with PQ at 0, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10 mM. We evaluated at 1, 2 and 8 h (1) cell viability (by means of trypan blue exclusion method), (2) intracellular ROS levels (with a fluorescent DCFH-DA probe), and (3) TNF-α level in the culture media (determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ELISA)...
September 13, 2016: Inflammation
Luciano Ribeiro Filgueiras, Stephanie L Brandt, Theresa Raquel de Oliveira Ramalho, Sonia Jancar, C Henrique Serezani
AIMS: To investigate the hypothesis that alteration in histone acetylation/deacetylation triggers aberrant STAT1/MyD88 expression in macrophages from diabetics. Increased STAT1/MyD88 expression is correlated with sterile inflammation in type 1 diabetic (T1D) mice. METHODS: To induce diabetes, we injected low-doses of streptozotocin in C57BL/6 mice. Peritoneal or bone marrow-differentiated macrophages were cultured in 5mM (low) or 25mM (high glucose). ChIP analysis of macrophages from nondiabetic or diabetic mice was performed to determine acetylation of lysine 9 in histone H3 in MyD88 and STAT1 promoter regions...
August 7, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Kuo-Liang Hou, Sze-Kwan Lin, Ling-Hsiu Chao, Eddie Hsiang-Hua Lai, Cheng-Chi Chang, Chia-Tung Shun, Wan-Yu Lu, Jyh-Horng Wang, Michael Hsiao, Chi-Yuan Hong, Sang-Heng Kok
Elevated glycolytic activity and redox imbalance induced by tissue hypoxia are common phenomena of chronic inflammation, including inflammatory bone diseases such as arthritis. However, relation between glycolysis and redox signaling in the inflammatory milieu is unclear. The histone deacetylase sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) is a crucial modulator of inflammation and glucose metabolism, and it is also involved in cellular protection against oxidative injury. The aims of the study were to examine the connection between glycolysis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in human osteoblastic cells (HOB) and whether SIRT6 modulates inflammatory response via regulation of glycolytic activity and ROS generation...
August 18, 2016: BioFactors
Tzu-Tang Wei, Yi-Ting Lin, Ruo-Yu Tseng, Chia-Tung Shun, Yu-Chin Lin, Ming-Shiang Wu, Jim-Min Fang, Ching-Chow Chen
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer is a worldwide cancer with rising annual incidence. Inflammation is a well-known cause of colorectal cancer carcinogenesis. Metabolic inflammation (metaflammation) and altered gut microbiota (dysbiosis) have contributed to colorectal cancer. Chemoprevention is an important strategy to reduce cancer-related mortality. Recently, various polypharmacologic molecules that dually inhibit histone deacetylases (HDAC) and other therapeutic targets have been developed...
August 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Feng Chen, Xueyi Li, Emily Aquadro, Stephen Haigh, Jiliang Zhou, David W Stepp, Neal L Weintraub, Scott A Barman, David J R Fulton
Excessive levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased expression of NADPH oxidases (Nox) have been proposed to contribute to pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) and other cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Nox enzymes are major sources of ROS but the mechanisms regulating changes in Nox expression in disease states remain poorly understood. Epigenetics encompasses a number of mechanisms that cells employ to regulate the ability to read and transcribe DNA. Histone acetylation is a prominent example of an epigenetic mechanism regulating the expression of numerous genes by altering chromatin accessibility...
August 3, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Jee Hoon Lee, Hyunmi Kim, Soo Jung Park, Joo Hong Woo, Eun-Hye Joe, Ilo Jou
Liver X receptors (LXRs) suppress the expression of inflammatory genes in a context-specific manner. In astrocytes, SUMOylation of LXRs promotes their anti-inflammatory effects. We found that small heterodimer partner (SHP), also known as NR0B2 (nuclear receptor subfamily 0, group B, member 2), facilitates the anti-inflammatory actions of LXRs by promoting their SUMOylation. Knockdown of SHP abrogated SUMOylation of LXRs, preventing their anti-inflammatory effects, in primary rat astrocytes but not macrophages...
2016: Science Signaling
Michiel Kroesen, Christian Büll, Paul R Gielen, Ingrid C Brok, Inna Armandari, Melissa Wassink, Maaike W G Looman, Louis Boon, Martijn H den Brok, Peter M Hoogerbrugge, Gosse J Adema
Neuroblastoma (NBL) is a childhood malignancy of the sympathetic nervous system. For high-risk NBL patients, the mortality rate is still over 50%, despite intensive multimodal treatment. Anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody (mAB) in combination with systemic cytokine immunotherapy has shown clinical efficacy in high-risk NBL patients. Targeted therapy using histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) is currently being explored in cancer treatment and already shows promising results. Using our recently developed transplantable TH-MYCN NBL model, we here report that the HDAC inhibitor Vorinostat synergizes with anti-GD2 mAb therapy in reducing NBL tumor growth...
June 2016: Oncoimmunology
Mingming Sun, Wei Wu, Zhanju Liu, Yingzi Cong
Gut microbiota has been well recognized in regulation of intestinal homeostasis and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. However, the mechanisms involved are still not completely understood. Further, the components of the microbiota which are critically responsible for such effects are also largely unknown. Accumulating evidence suggests that, in addition to pathogen-associated molecular patterns, nutrition and bacterial metabolites might greatly impact the immune response in the gut and beyond. Short chain fatty acids (SCFA), which are metabolized by gut bacteria from otherwise indigestible fiber-rich diets, have been shown to ameliorate diseases in animal models of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and allergic asthma...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Stefan Jellbauer, Araceli Perez Lopez, Judith Behnsen, Nina Gao, Thao Nguyen, Clodagh Murphy, Robert A Edwards, Manuela Raffatellu
Sodium phenylbutyrate (PBA) is a derivative of the short-chain fatty acid butyrate and is approved for treatment of urea cycle disorders and progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 2. Previously known functions include histone deacetylase inhibitor, endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibitor, ammonia sink, and chemical chaperone. Here, we show that PBA has a previously undiscovered protective role in host mucosal defense during infection. Administration of PBA to Taconic mice resulted in the increase of intestinal Lactobacillales and segmented filamentous bacteria (SFB), as well as an increase of interleukin 17 (IL-17) production by intestinal cells...
September 2016: Infection and Immunity
Takashi Iezaki, Kazuya Fukasawa, Gyujin Park, Tetsuhiro Horie, Takashi Kanayama, Kakeru Ozaki, Yuki Onishi, Yoshifumi Takahata, Yukari Nakamura, Takeshi Takarada, Yukio Yoneda, Takashi Nakamura, Jean Vacher, Eiichi Hinoi
Bone homeostasis is maintained by the synergistic actions of bone-resorbing osteoclasts and bone-forming osteoblasts. Here, we show that the transcriptional coactivator/repressor interferon-related developmental regulator 1 (Ifrd1) is expressed in osteoclast lineages and represents a component of the machinery that regulates bone homeostasis. Ifrd1 expression was transcriptionally regulated in preosteoclasts by receptor activator of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL) through activator protein 1. Global deletion of murine Ifrd1 increased bone formation and decreased bone resorption, leading to a higher bone mass...
October 1, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Peter J Barnes
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with chronic inflammation affecting predominantly the lung parenchyma and peripheral airways that results in largely irreversible and progressive airflow limitation. This inflammation is characterized by increased numbers of alveolar macrophages, neutrophils, T lymphocytes (predominantly TC1, TH1, and TH17 cells), and innate lymphoid cells recruited from the circulation. These cells and structural cells, including epithelial and endothelial cells and fibroblasts, secrete a variety of proinflammatory mediators, including cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, and lipid mediators...
July 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Marina Kemmerer, Ilka Wittig, Florian Richter, Bernhard Brüne, Dmitry Namgaladze
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is a key modulator of macrophage cholesterol homeostasis. We studied the impact of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) on ABCA1 expression in primary human and THP-1 macrophages. Pharmacological or genetic activation of AMPK increased mRNA and protein expression of ABCA1 and its transcriptional activator liver X receptor (LXR) α, resulting in increased cholesterol efflux to apolipoprotein AI-containing medium. On the other side, an AMPK knockdown decreased ABCA1 and LXRα mRNA and protein...
September 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Tho X Pham, Young-Ki Park, Ji-Young Lee
We previously demonstrated that the organic extract of Spirulina platensis (SPE), an edible blue-green alga, possesses potent anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated if the regulation of histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a role in the anti-inflammatory effect of SPE in macrophages. Treatment of macrophages with SPE rapidly and dose-dependently reduced HDAC2, 3, and 4 proteins which preceded decreases in their mRNA levels. Degradation of HDAC4 protein was attenuated in the presence of inhibitors of calpain proteases, lysosomal acidification, and Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, respectively, but not a proteasome inhibitor...
2016: Nutrients
Eleonora Ciarlo, Thierry Roger
The development and screening of pharmacological modulators of histone deacetylases (HDACs), and particularly sirtuins, is a promising field for the identification of new drugs susceptible to be used for treatment strategies in a large array of welfare-associated, autoimmune and oncologic diseases. Here we describe a comprehensive protocol to evaluate the impact of sirtuin-targeting drugs on inflammatory and innate immune responses in vitro and in a preclinical mouse model of endotoxemia. We first provide an overview on strategies to design in vitro experiments, then focus on the analysis of cytokine production by primary macrophages and RAW 267...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Xia Li, Qian Zhang, Yuanyuan Ding, Yiqi Liu, Dezhi Zhao, Kai Zhao, Qicong Shen, Xingguang Liu, Xuhui Zhu, Nan Li, Zhongyi Cheng, Guoping Fan, Qingqing Wang, Xuetao Cao
The DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3a has high expression in terminally differentiated macrophages; however, its role in innate immunity remains unknown. Here we report that deficiency in Dnmt3a selectively impaired the production of type I interferons triggered by pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs), but not that of the proinflammatory cytokines TNF and IL-6. Dnmt3a-deficient mice exhibited enhanced susceptibility to viral challenge. Dnmt3a did not directly regulate the transcription of genes encoding type I interferons; instead, it increased the production of type I interferons through an epigenetic mechanism by maintaining high expression of the histone deacetylase HDAC9...
July 2016: Nature Immunology
Haitao Xiong, Bingxiu Guo, Zhenshun Gan, Deguang Song, Zeqing Lu, Hongbo Yi, Yueming Wu, Yizhen Wang, Huahua Du
Butyrate has been used to treat different inflammatory disease with positive outcomes, the mechanisms by which butyrate exerts its anti-inflammatory effects remain largely undefined. Here we proposed a new mechanism that butyrate manipulate endogenous host defense peptides (HDPs) which contributes to the elimination of Escherichia coli O157:H7, and thus affects the alleviation of inflammation. An experiment in piglets treated with butyrate (0.2% of diets) 2 days before E. coli O157:H7 challenge was designed to investigate porcine HDP expression, inflammation and E...
2016: Scientific Reports
Gi Soo Youn, Keun Wook Lee, Soo Young Choi, Jinseu Park
Although histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) has been implicated in inflammatory diseases, direct involvement and its action mechanism of HDAC6 in the transcriptional regulation of pro-inflammatory genes have been unclear. In this study, we investigated the possible role of HDAC6 in the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators, indicator of macrophage activation, in RAW 264.7 cells and primary mouse macrophages. HDAC6 overexpression significantly enhanced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6, with concomitant reduction in acetylated α-tubulin...
August 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"