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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165783/after-action-review-of-the-2009-10-h1n1-influenza-outbreak-response-ohio-s-public-health-system-s-performance
#1
William A Mase, Beth Bickford, Casey L Thomas, Shamika D Jones, Michael Bisesi
OBJECTIVE: In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification. METHODS: Qualitative evaluation of the assurance functions specific to the system's ability to assure safe and healthy conditions are reported...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165036/a-formative-qualitative-evaluation-to-inform-implementation-of-a-research-participation-enhancement-and-advocacy-training-program-for-diverse-seniors-the-dreams-program
#2
Molly M Perkins, Ariel Hart, Rebecca L Dillard, Ronald C Wincek, David E Jones, Madeleine E Hackney
This article reports on a formative qualitative evaluation conducted to identify potential barriers and facilitators prior to implementation of a two-part educational intervention designed to increase older adults' participation in clinical research. We conducted focus groups with 35 older adults from diverse racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds (Mean age = 74.5 ± 7.4 years), and six clinical researchers involved in aging research. Two older adult patient stakeholder advisors participated as members of the research team...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163670/how-does-technology-pathway-choice-influence-economic-viability-and-environmental-impacts-of-lignocellulosic-biorefineries
#3
Karthik Rajendran, Ganti S Murthy
Background: The need for liquid fuels in the transportation sector is increasing, and it is essential to develop industrially sustainable processes that simultaneously address the tri-fold sustainability metrics of technological feasibility, economic viability, and environmental impacts. Biorefineries based on lignocellulosic feedstocks could yield high-value products such as ethyl acetate, dodecane, ethylene, and hexane. This work focuses on assessing biochemical and biomass to electricity platforms for conversion of Banagrass and Energycane into valuable fuels and chemicals using the tri-fold sustainability metrics...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163268/sex-differences-in-intergenerational-income-transmission-and-educational-attainment-testing-the-trivers-willard-hypothesis
#4
Katharina E Pink, Anna Schaman, Martin Fieder
From an evolutionary point of view, sex differences in intergenerational transmission of income may be influenced by the Trivers-Willard (T-W) effect: Low status parents should invest more in daughters, whereas high status parents are expected to invest more in sons. This bias in parental investment may result in status-dependent sex biased parental support for higher education and educational attainment and should therefore affect the level of intergenerational income transmission for the sons and daughters...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160094/novel-approach-to-constructing-laser-ionization-elemental-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometer
#5
Alexander A Sysoev, Alexander V Karpov, Violetta V Milyaeva, Alexey A Sysoev
The main advantages of laser sampling are associated with following features: sample preparations as well as consumables are not needed, low risk of sample contamination, good spatial resolution. In mass spectrometry, high laser irradiance can be used for both ablation and ionization processes. The method is especially profitable in time-of-flight mass spectrometry. A new principle of constructing laser ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer based on wedge-shaped ion mirrors and the absence of electrostatic ion acceleration before mass analysis is discussed...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157568/providing-primary-care-using-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-model-what-clinicians-have-learned
#6
Cynthia S Selleck, Matthew Fifolt, Heidi Burkart, Jennifer Sandson Frank, William A Curry, Lisle S Hites
This article details a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) model that was developed to provide primary care to a medically indigent population in Birmingham, Alabama. Funding to develop and implement this project came from a federal Nurse Education, Practice, Quality and Retention award to the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing, with additional support coming from the UAB Hospital and Health System. The clinic is housed within a local community-based, non-profit organization and all services, including supplies and pharmaceuticals, are provided free of charge to this vulnerable population...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157366/culling-from-the-actors-perspectives-decision-making-criteria-for-culling-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-dairy-herds-enrolled-in-a-veterinary-preventive-medicine-program
#7
Denis Haine, Roger Cue, Asheber Sewalem, Kevin Wade, René Lacroix, Daniel Lefebvre, Jonathan Rushton, Julie Arsenault, Émile Bouchard, Jocelyn Dubuc
The series of events leading to the decision to cull a cow is complex, involving both individual-level and herd-level factors. While the decision is guided by financial returns, it is also influenced by social and psychological factors. Research studies on the motivational and behavioural aspects of farmers' decision utility are sparse, and nonexistent regarding culling expectations and its decision process. Our goal was to identify shared criteria on culling decisions held by dairy producers and farm advisers, with the help of the Q-methodology...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156653/dual-competing-photovoltaic-supply-chains-a-social-welfare-maximization-perspective
#8
Zhisong Chen, Shong-Iee Ivan Su
In the past decades, the inappropriate subsidy policies in many nations have caused problems such as serious oversupply, fierce competition and subpar social welfare in the photovoltaic (PV) industry in many nations. There is a clear shortage in the PV industry literature regarding how dual supply chains compete and the key decision issues regarding the competition between dual PV supply chains. It is critical to develop effective subsidy policies for the competing PV supply chains to achieve social welfare maximization...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156408/label-free-electrochemical-dna-biosensor-for-guanine-and-adenine-by-ds-dna-poly-l-cysteine-fe3o4-nanoparticles-graphene-oxide-nanocomposite-modified-electrode
#9
Majid Arvand, Mona Sanayeei, Shiva Hemmati
In this study, we aim to design a simple and effective electrochemical DNA biosensor based on a carbon paste electrode modified with ds-DNA/poly(L-cysteine)/Fe3O4 nanoparticles-graphene oxide (ds-DNA/p(L-Cys)/Fe3O4 NPs-GO/CPE) for sensitive detection of adenine (A) and guanine (G). The electrocatalytic oxidation of A and G on the electrode was explored by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). This sensor shows separated and well-defined peaks for A and G, by which one can determine these biological bases individually or simultaneously...
November 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155840/indications-and-determinants-of-caesarean-section-delivery-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-matlab-bangladesh
#10
Tahmina Begum, Aminur Rahman, Herfina Nababan, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Al Fazal Khan, Taslim Ali, Iqbal Anwar
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Caesarean section (C-section) is a major obstetric intervention for saving lives of women and their newborns from pregnancy and childbirth related complications. Un-necessary C-sections may have adverse impact upon maternal and neonatal outcomes. In Bangladesh there is paucity of data on clinical indication of C-section at population level. We conducted a retrospective study in icddr,b Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area of Matlab to look into the indications and determinants of C-sections...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155158/thermodynamic-investigation-of-an-alkaline-protease-from-aspergillus-tamarii-urm4634-a-comparative-approach-between-crude-extract-and-purified-enzyme
#11
Osmar Soares da Silva, Rodrigo Lira de Oliveira, Jonatas de Carvalho Silva, Attilio Converti, Tatiana Souza Porto
The thermostable crude proteolytic extract and purified protease produced by Aspergillus tamarii URM4634 were investigated at different temperatures. The activity results were used to estimate the activation energy of the hydrolysis reaction catalyzed by crude extract and purified protease (E*=34.2 and 16.2kJ/mol) as well as the respective standard enthalpy variations of reversible enzyme unfolding (ΔH°u=31.9 and 13.9kJ/mol). When temperature was raised from 50 to 80°C in residual activity tests, the specific rate constant of crude proteolytic extract thermoinactivation increased from 0...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154800/the-use-of-model-fish-as-tools-for-research-the-biological-mechanisms-of-cooperative-behaviour-a-future-for-translational-research-concerning-social-anxiety-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Marta C Soares, Sónia C Cardoso, Tamires Dos Santos Carvalho, Caio Maximino
Human societies demand of its composing members the development of a wide array of social tools and strategies. A notable example is human outstanding ability to cooperate with others, in all its complex forms, depicting the reality of a highly demanding social framework in which humans need to be integrated as to attain physical and mental benefits. Considering the importance of social engagement, it's not entirely unexpected that most psychiatric disorders involve some disruption of normal social behaviour, ranging from an abnormal absence to a significant increase of social functioning...
November 14, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153752/hospice-care-for-patients-with-dementia-in-the-united-states-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#13
Aline De Vleminck, R Sean Morrison, Diane E Meier, Melissa D Aldridge
BACKGROUND: Patients with dementia form an increasing proportion of those entering hospice care. Little is known about the types of hospices serving patients with dementia and the patterns of hospice use, including timing of hospice disenrollment between patients with and without dementia. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the hospices that serve patients with dementia, to compare patterns of hospice disenrollment for patients with dementia and without dementia, and to evaluate patient-level and hospice-level characteristics associated with hospice disenrollment...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153592/missing-the-mark-for-patient-engagement-mhealth-literacy-strategies-and-behavior-change-processes-in-smoking-cessation-apps
#14
Samantha R Paige, Julia M Alber, Michael L Stellefson, Janice L Krieger
OBJECTIVE: To examine how Transtheoretical Model (TTM)'s processes of change and mHealth literacy strategies are employed in mobile smoking cessation apps. METHODS: A purposive sample of 100 iTunes apps were coded to assess descriptive (price, type, developer, user-rating) and engagement metrics, including processes of change and mHealth literacy strategies (plain language, usability, interactivity). One-way ANOVAs and independent samples t-tests examined associations between descriptive and engagement metrics...
November 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153526/economic-and-genetic-performance-of-various-combinations-of-in-vitro-produced-embryo-transfers-and-artificial-insemination-in-a-dairy-herd
#15
Karun Kaniyamattam, Jeremy Block, Peter J Hansen, Albert De Vries
The objective of this study was to find the optimal proportions of pregnancies from an in vitro-produced embryo transfer (IVP-ET) system and artificial insemination (AI) so that profitability is maximized over a range of prices for embryos and surplus dairy heifer calves. An existing stochastic, dynamic dairy model with genetic merits of 12 traits was adapted for scenarios where 0 to 100% of the eligible females in the herd were impregnated, in increments of 10%, using IVP-ET (ET0 to ET100, 11 scenarios). Oocytes were collected from the top donors selected for the trait lifetime net merit (NM$) and fertilized with sexed semen to produce IVP embryos...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153173/a-100-year-review-lactating-dairy-cattle-housing-management
#16
J M Bewley, L M Robertson, E A Eckelkamp
Since the mid-1800s, farmers have been housing livestock. What began as a part-time solution for cold winters, stormy days, or injured animals has evolved into the main or only area in which cows spend their adult lives. With this change, farmers, academic researchers, and industry innovators have shaped the farm landscape, literally. Over the last 100 years, changes have been made for productivity, health, milk quality, reproduction, animal well-being, and farm profitability. We review a snapshot of those changes and look ahead to the future of lactating dairy cattle housing...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153171/a-100-year-review-mastitis-detection-management-and-prevention
#17
Pamela L Ruegg
Mastitis is the most frequent disease of dairy cows and has well-recognized detrimental effects on animal wellbeing and dairy farm profitability. Since the beginning of modern dairy farming, producers have sought effective methods to minimize the occurrence of mastitis in their herds. The objective of this paper is to review and highlight important advances in detection, management, and prevention of mastitis that have occurred since the first volume of the Journal of Dairy Science was published in 1917. Initial research efforts were directed at understanding the nature of pathogenic bacteria that were responsible for most intramammary infections...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151888/enhancing-biogas-plant-production-using-pig-manure-and-corn-silage-by-adding-wheat-straw-processed-with-liquid-hot-water-and-steam-explosion
#18
Michał Gaworski, Sławomir Jabłoński, Izabela Pawlaczyk-Graja, Rafał Ziewiecki, Piotr Rutkowski, Anna Wieczyńska, Roman Gancarz, Marcin Łukaszewicz
Background: Pig manure utilization and valorization is an important topic with tightening regulations focused on ecological and safety issues. By itself pig manure is a poor substrate for biogas production because of its excessive nitrogen content relative to available organic carbon. Such substrate is alkaline, and methanogenesis can be suppressed, and so additional substrates with high organic carbon must be added. The most promising is straw, which is available from adjacent biogas plant cultures...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151184/analysis-of-an-optimal-public-transport-structure-under-a-carbon-emission-constraint-a-case-study-in-shanghai-china
#19
Linling Zhang, Ruyin Long, Hong Chen, Tong Yang
Along with the rapid development of the transportation industry, the problems of the energy crisis and transport emissions have become increasingly serious. The success of traffic emission reduction is related to the realization of global low-carbon goals. Placing priority on public transport is the internationally recognized traffic development model. This paper takes Shanghai, China, as an example to examine the optimal public transport structure. Five factors were selected from personal and public perspectives, including travel costs, crowding degree, occupied area, traffic emissions, and operating subsidies...
November 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149877/key-bottlenecks-to-the-provision-of-safe-obstetric-anaesthesia-in-low-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-64-hospitals-in-uganda
#20
Isabella Epiu, Agnes Wabule, Andrew Kambugu, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Gerald Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in surgery and anaesthesia which significantly improve safety, many health facilities in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) remain chronically under-resourced with inability to cope effectively with serious obstetric complications (Knight et al., PLoS One 8:e63846, 2013). As a result many of these countries still have unacceptably high maternal and neonatal mortality rates. Recent data at the national referral hospitals in East Africa reported that none of the national referral hospitals met the World Federation of Societies of Anesthesiologists (WFSA) international standards required to provide safe obstetric anaesthesia (Epiu I: Challenges of Anesthesia in Low-and Middle-Income Countries...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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