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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933237/pricing-policy-for-declining-demand-using-item-preservation-technology
#1
Uttam Kumar Khedlekar, Diwakar Shukla, Anubhav Namdeo
We have designed an inventory model for seasonal products in which deterioration can be controlled by item preservation technology investment. Demand for the product is considered price sensitive and decreases linearly. This study has shown that the profit is a concave function of optimal selling price, replenishment time and preservation cost parameter. We simultaneously determined the optimal selling price of the product, the replenishment cycle and the cost of item preservation technology. Additionally, this study has shown that there exists an optimal selling price and optimal preservation investment to maximize the profit for every business set-up...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933095/direct-derivation-of-maize-plant-and-crop-height-from-low-cost-time-of-flight-camera-measurements
#2
Martin Hämmerle, Bernhard Höfle
BACKGROUND: In agriculture, information about the spatial distribution of crop height is valuable for applications such as biomass and yield estimation, or increasing field work efficiency in terms of fertilizing, applying pesticides, irrigation, etc. Established methods for capturing crop height often comprise restrictions in terms of cost and time efficiency, flexibility, and temporal and spatial resolution of measurements. Furthermore, crop height is mostly derived from a measurement of the bare terrain prior to plant growth and measurements of the crop surface when plants are growing, resulting in the need of multiple field campaigns...
2016: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931988/linking-hearing-impairment-employment-and-education
#3
I Garramiola-Bilbao, A Rodríguez-Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact that hearing impairment and other relevant variables have on the education and employment situation of those affected by it in the Principality of Asturias, Spain. METHODS: To achieve this objective, two discrete choice models (probit) are presented. The first one associates, among other variables, hearing impairment with the individual's employment status and in the second model, an ordered multinomial probit model is used to analyse, among other variables, how the impairment affects the individual's level of studies...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930512/religious-stigmata-as-malingering-artifact-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Domenico Bonamonte, Michelangelo Vestita, Angela Filoni, Giuseppe Giudice, Gianni Angelini
RATIONALE: Artifacts or simulated diseases are self-inflicted conditions caused by various means and for different purposes. Disease simulation can be motivated, among other things, by illegal purposes, to escape from civil duties or prison sentences, for example, or to exploit specific situations in order to receive a range of benefits. In such cases, the simulator is fully aware of his or her actions and intentions. DIAGNOSES, INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: We report the case of a 42-year-old woman who, for 3 consecutive years, showed religious stigmata on the forehead and on the dorsal surface of hands and feet immediately before Easter...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927992/nitrogen-sensing-in-legumes
#5
REVIEW
Jeremy D Murray, Cheng-Wu Liu, Yi Chen, Anthony J Miller
Legumes fix atmospheric nitrogen (N) in a symbiotic relationship with bacteria. For this reason, although legume crops can be low yielding and less profitable when compared with cereals, they are frequently included in crop rotations. Grain legumes form only a minor part of most human diets, and legume crops are greatly underutilized. Food security and soil fertility could be significantly improved by greater grain legume usage and increased improvement of a range of grain legumes. One limitation for the use of legumes as a source of N input into agricultural systems is the fact that the formation of N-fixing nodules is suppressed when soils are replete with n...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#6
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922256/statins-in-critical-care-to-give-or-not-to-give
#7
Amr S Omar, Samy Hanoura, Haifa M Aljanubi, Ahmed Mahfouz
Owing to statin's immune modulatory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antithrombotic and endothelial function actions, they are widely used in the critical care settings in diverse disease scenarios. We aim to explore the evidence to globalize the utilization of statins in the intensive care practice for different indications. We carried out a search of the PubMed, Cochrane and EMBASE databases up to January 2016. We included review articles, meta-analyses, and original trials on the effects of statin therapy in the intensive care unit (ICU) combining the following MESH terms: 'satins', 'intensive care, 'cardiac surgery', 'sepsis', 'acute respiratory distress syndrome' 'pneumonia', subarachnoid hemorrhage', traumatic brain injury and 'critical illness'...
December 6, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922117/authentication-of-chinese-vintage-liquors-using-bomb-pulse-14-c
#8
Peng Cheng, Weijian Zhou, G S Burr, Yunchong Fu, Yukun Fan, Shugang Wu
The older a bottle of Chinese vintage liquor is, the higher the price it commands. Driven by the potential for higher profits, some newly-founded distilleries openly sell liquor whose storage ages are exaggerated. In China, the market for vintage liquor has become fraught with uncertainty and a pressing need has arisen to establish an effective method to authenticate the age of vintage liquors. A radiocarbon ((14)C) dating method is described here that can verify cellar-stored years of Chinese liquors distilled within the last fifty years...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922022/fast-and-behavior-selective-exploitation-of-a-marine-fish-targeted-by-anglers
#9
Josep Alós, Miquel Palmer, Rosario Rosselló, Robert Arlinghaus
Harvesting of wild-living animals is often intensive and may selectively target heritable behavioral traits. We studied the exploitation dynamics and the vulnerability consequences of individual heterogeneity in movement-related behaviors in free-ranging pearly razorfish (Xyrichthys novacula). Using underwater-video recording, we firstly document a fast and high exploitation rate of about 60% of the adult population removed in just few days after the opening of the season. Subsequently, we tagged a sample of individuals with acoustic transmitters and studied whether behavioral traits were significant predictors of the vulnerability to angling...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920317/contrary-to-popular-belief-medicaid-hospital-admissions-are-often-profitable-because-of-additional-medicare-payments
#10
Jeffrey Stensland, Zachary R Gaumer, Mark E Miller
It is generally believed that most hospitals lose money on Medicaid admissions. The data suggest otherwise. Medicaid admissions are often profitable for hospitals because of payments from both the Medicaid program and the Medicare program, including payments for uncompensated care and from the Medicare disproportionate-share hospital program. On average, adding a single Medicaid patient day in fiscal year 2017 will increase most hospitals' Medicare payments by more than $300. When added to Medicaid payments, these payments often cause Medicaid patients to be profitable for hospitals...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919393/business-analysis-for-a-sustainable-multi-stakeholder-ecosystem-for-leveraging-the-electronic-health-records-for-clinical-research-ehr4cr-platform-in-europe
#11
Danielle Dupont, Ariel Beresniak, Mats Sundgren, Andreas Schmidt, John Ainsworth, Pascal Coorevits, Dipak Kalra, Marc Dewispelaere, Georges De Moor
INTRODUCTION: The Electronic Health Records for Clinical Research (EHR4CR) technological platform has been developed to enable the trustworthy reuse of hospital electronic health records data for clinical research. The EHR4CR platform can enhance and speed up clinical research scenarios: protocol feasibility assessment, patient identification for recruitment in clinical trials, and clinical data exchange, including for reporting serious adverse events. Our objective was to seed a multi-stakeholder ecosystem to enable the scalable exploitation of the EHR4CR platform in Europe, and to assess its economic sustainability...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919119/-osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-talus-a-critical-review
#12
J Bruns, C R Habermann, J P Petersen
The etiology remains unclear. Mechanical factors seem to play an important role. Most histologies report clefts between the cartilage and bone and necrotic areas. Several classifications have been published based on observations from imaging techniques or on intraoperative findings. Clinical symptoms are unspecific. Imaging techniques are of great importance: X-rays of the ankle joint enable a quick diagnostic overview. MRT is the imaging-technique of choice for diagnosing OCDT-lesions. Regarding treatment, a tremendous number of retrospective publications exist...
April 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917989/cost-effective-control-strategies-for-animal-and-zoonotic-diseases-in-pastoralist-populations
#13
J Zinsstag, M F Abakar, M Ibrahim, R Tschopp, L Crump, B Bonfoh, E Schelling
Animal diseases and zoonoses abound among pastoralist livestock, which is composed of cattle, sheep, goats, yak, camels, llamas, reindeer, horses and donkeys. There is endemic and, periodically, epidemic transmission of highly contagious viral and bacterial diseases in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Pastoralist livestock is often multiparasitised with endo- and ectoparasites, as well as being affected by vectorborne viral and protozoal diseases. Pastoral livestock can be a reservoir of such diseases and can also, conversely, be at risk from exposure to wildlife reservoirs...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917351/the-distribution-of-some-extremum-on-the-risk-process-whose-income-depend-on-the-current-reserve
#14
Jingmin He, Zaiming Liu, Wei Zhang
This paper considers the distribution of some extremum on the risk process whose income depend on the current reserve. We first construct the defective renewal sequence and obtain the density function of them. By the presented renewal measure and the strong Markov property, the distribution of the first hitting time is obtained explicitly. Then, the ruin probability and the probability that the surplus process less than x is obtained. Furthermore, the distribution of supreme profits before ruin, the joint distributions of the supreme profit and the deficit before the time of the surplus process first up-crossing level zero after ruin, and the joint distributions of the supreme profit and the deficit before the surplus process leave zero ultimately are derived...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917138/neural-elements-for-predictive-coding
#15
REVIEW
Stewart Shipp
Predictive coding theories of sensory brain function interpret the hierarchical construction of the cerebral cortex as a Bayesian, generative model capable of predicting the sensory data consistent with any given percept. Predictions are fed backward in the hierarchy and reciprocated by prediction error in the forward direction, acting to modify the representation of the outside world at increasing levels of abstraction, and so to optimize the nature of perception over a series of iterations. This accounts for many 'illusory' instances of perception where what is seen (heard, etc...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916807/task-and-participant-scheduling-of-trading-platforms-in-vehicular-participatory-sensing-networks
#16
Heyuan Shi, Xiaoyu Song, Ming Gu, Jiaguang Sun
The vehicular participatory sensing network (VPSN) is now becoming more and more prevalent, and additionally has shown its great potential in various applications. A general VPSN consists of many tasks from task, publishers, trading platforms and a crowd of participants. Some literature treats publishers and the trading platform as a whole, which is impractical since they are two independent economic entities with respective purposes. For a trading platform in markets, its purpose is to maximize the profit by selecting tasks and recruiting participants who satisfy the requirements of accepted tasks, rather than to improve the quality of each task...
November 28, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916615/characterization-of-rare-dormant-and-therapy-resistant-cells-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#17
Sarah Ebinger, Erbey Ziya Özdemir, Christoph Ziegenhain, Sebastian Tiedt, Catarina Castro Alves, Michaela Grunert, Michael Dworzak, Christoph Lutz, Virginia A Turati, Tariq Enver, Hans-Peter Horny, Karl Sotlar, Swati Parekh, Karsten Spiekermann, Wolfgang Hiddemann, Aloys Schepers, Bernhard Polzer, Stefan Kirsch, Martin Hoffmann, Bettina Knapp, Jan Hasenauer, Heike Pfeifer, Renate Panzer-Grümayer, Wolfgang Enard, Olivier Gires, Irmela Jeremias
Tumor relapse is associated with dismal prognosis, but responsible biological principles remain incompletely understood. To isolate and characterize relapse-inducing cells, we used genetic engineering and proliferation-sensitive dyes in patient-derived xenografts of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We identified a rare subpopulation that resembled relapse-inducing cells with combined properties of long-term dormancy, treatment resistance, and stemness. Single-cell and bulk expression profiling revealed their similarity to primary ALL cells isolated from pediatric and adult patients at minimal residual disease (MRD)...
November 18, 2016: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916128/a-paper-based-platform-with-a-pencil-drawn-dual-amperometric-detector-for-the-rapid-quantification-of-ortho-diphenols-in-extravirgin-olive-oil
#18
Nicolò Dossi, Rosanna Toniolo, Flavia Impellizzieri, Franco Tubaro, Gino Bontempelli, Fabio Terzi, Evandro Piccin
A simple, sensitive and fast responding device is described for the discrimination of hydrophilic ortho-diphenols, whose presence in abundant enough amounts is typical for extra virgin olive oils (EVOOs), from hydrophilic mono-phenols instead present in almost all vegetable oils. It consists of a dual electrode detector pencil-drawn at the end of a paper microfluidic channel, defined by hydrophobic barriers, where samples of these antioxidants, extracted from vegetable oils by a 80:20% v/v acetonitrile/water mixture, were applied...
January 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915318/services-for-the-detection-and-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-major-indian-cities-the-11-city-9-state-study
#19
Clare Gilbert, Rajan Shukla, Rakesh Kumar, Ajay Khera, G Vs Murthy
OBJECTIVE: Control of visual loss from retinopathy of prematurity requires high quality neonatal care, and timely screening and treatment of sight-threatening disease. We assessed services for retinopathy of prematurity provided by ophthalmic training institutions in major Indian cities. METHODS: Eleven cities were purposefully selected and eye-care facilities were evaluated using predefined criteria. Field teams visited these facilities to collect data by interview and observation using structured questionnaires...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913884/plasmid-pvax1-nh36-purification-by-membrane-and-bead-perfusion-chromatography
#20
Diana Ivonne Franco-Medrano, Patricia Guerrero-Germán, Rosa María Montesinos-Cisneros, Jaime Ortega-López, Armando Tejeda-Mansir
The demand for plasmid DNA (pDNA) has increased in response to the rapid advances in vaccines applications to prevent and treat infectious diseases caused by virus, bacteria or parasites, such as Leishmania species. The immunization protocols require large amounts of supercoiled plasmid DNA (sc-pDNA) challenging the development of efficient and profitable processes for capturing and purified pDNA molecules from large volumes of lysates. A typical bioprocess involves four steps: fermentation, primary recovery, intermediate recovery and final purification...
December 2, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
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