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Jianliang Sun, Lianghai Li, Guangying Zhou, Xue Wang, Liang Zhang, Yueping Liu, Jierui Yang, Xianghong Lü, Feng Jiang
The conventional flue gas treatment technologies require high capital investments and chemical costs, which limit their application in industrial sectors. This study developed a sulfur-cycling technology to integrate sulfide production by biological sulfur reduction and simultaneous catalytic desulfurization and denitrification with H2 S (H2 S-SCDD) for flue gas treatment and sulfur recovery. In a packed bed reactor, high-rate sulfide production (1.63 ± 0.16 kg S/m3 -d) from biological sulfur reduction was achieved using organics in wastewater as electron donors at pH around 5...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Rob Smith
Mass spectrometry is an important tool used by many scientists throughout the world. Nonetheless, feedback on the strengths and limitations of current software is often restricted to anecdote rather than formal inquiry. Over the course of 100 interviews over the state of mass spectrometry software, surprising patterns coalesced on several topics: perception of the frontier, perception of software quality, and differences between commercial and non-profit environments. Most notably, interviews suggested a substantial schism between user satisfaction with current software and developer perceptions of software quality...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Rebecca Shirley, Janka Fazekas, Martin McNally, Alex Ramsden
Aim : This study aimed to define the costs of surgical management of chronic osteomyelitis where free tissue transfer was required in addition to debridement of bone, particularly the increased costs incurred by a return to theatre. We hypothesised that there would be a significantly greater cost when patients required re-exploration for vascular compromise. Method : We retrospectively analysed the costs of a consecutive series of sixty patient episodes treated at the Bone Infection Unit in Oxford from 2012 to 2015...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
W Weinrebe, S Käbe-Frisch, I Füsgen, M Karaman, E Johannsdottir, S Rupp
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of desmopressin and placebo in independent geriatric outpatients with nocturnal polyuria (NP). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, single-center, national, double blind, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose, parallel group comparative trial was carried out. The study included 110 geriatric outpatients, 55 patients per treatment group using desmopressin acetate nasal spray (strength: 0.1 mg/ml) once daily of 10 μg/spray blast or placebo...
March 14, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Ignacio Trucillo Silva, Hari Kishan R Abbaraju, Lynne P Fallis, Hongjun Liu, Michael Lee, Kanwarpal S Dhugga
Intracellular factors differentially affected enzyme activities of N assimilation in the roots of maize testcrosses where alanine aminotransferase and glutamate synthase were the main enzymes regulating the levels of glutamate. N is a key macronutrient for plant growth and development. Breeding maize with improved efficiency in N use could help reduce environmental contamination as well as increase profitability for the farmers. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping of traits related to N metabolism in the root tissue was undertaken in a maize testcross mapping population grown in hydroponic cultures...
March 14, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Paula Chatterjee, Karen E Joynt Maddox
Importance: Hospitals in the United States have been subject to mandatory public reporting of mortality rates for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and heart failure (HF) since 2007 and to value-based payment programs for these conditions since 2011. However, whether hospitals with initially poor baseline performance have improved relative to other hospitals under these programs, and whether patterns of improvement differ by condition, is unknown. Understanding trends within public reporting and value-based payment can inform future efforts in these areas...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Jianping Quan, Gengyuan Cai, Jian Ye, Ming Yang, Rongrong Ding, Xingwang Wang, Enqin Zheng, Disheng Fu, Shaoyun Li, Shenping Zhou, Dewu Liu, Jie Yang, Zhenfang Wu
In an attempt to increase profits and sustainability in the swine industry, the gut microbiome has become a focus of much research. In this study, we performed a comparative analysis of the gut microbiome in the ileum, cecum, and colon of Duroc × (Landrace × Yorkshire) (DLY) pigs showing two extreme feed conversion ratios (FCRs) using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The results revealed that the microbial community in the cecum and colon had significantly higher alpha diversity than the ileum. We further identified 11, 55, and 55 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) with significantly different relative abundances between the high and low FCR pigs among the three gut locations, respectively...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Pepita Barlow, Paulo Serôdio, Gary Ruskin, Martin McKee, David Stuckler
Critics have long accused food and beverage companies of trying to exonerate their products from blame for obesity by funding organisations that highlight alternative causes. Yet, conclusions about the intentions of food and beverage companies in funding scientific organisations have been prevented by limited access to industry's internal documents. Here we allow the words of Coca-Cola employees to speak about how the corporation intended to advance its interests by funding the Global Energy Balance Network (GEBN)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Xin Qian, Hui Wang, Gangyi Yang, Zhengnan Gao, Yong Luo, Aimei Dong, Fang Zhang, Mingtong Xu, Shiping Liu, Xin Yang, Yanyan Chen, Guangwei Li
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the effects of pioglitazone (PIO) on insulin resistance and first phase insulin secretion among obese and lean Chinese people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Sixty-eight drug-naïve patients with T2DM were treated with PIO for 16 weeks. Before and after the treatment, insulin sensitivity was evaluated by the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp test. Plasma insulin levels at 0, 3, 5, 7, and 10 min during intravenous glucose tolerance test were determined to calculate the first phase insulin secretion and pancreatic β-cell function...
March 13, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Dinh Bao Truong, Flavie Luce Goutard, Stéphane Bertagnoli, Alexis Delabouglise, Vladimir Grosbois, Marisa Peyre
This study aimed to analyze the financial impact of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in cattle at the farm-level and the benefit-cost ratio (BCR) of biannual vaccination strategy to prevent and eradicate FMD for cattle in South Vietnam. Production data were collected from 49 small-scale dairy farms, 15 large-scale dairy farms, and 249 beef farms of Long An and Tay Ninh province using a questionaire. Financial data of FMD impacts were collected using participatory tools in 37 villages of Long An province...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Katerina Brustikova, David Sedlak, Jana Kubikova, Ctibor Skuta, Katerina Solcova, Radek Malik, Petr Bartunek, Petr Svoboda
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs repressing gene expression. They contribute to many physiological processes and pathologies. Consequently, strategies for manipulation of the miRNA pathway are of interest as they could provide tools for experimental or therapeutic interventions. One of such tools could be small chemical compounds identified through high-throughput screening (HTS) with reporter assays. While a number of chemical compounds have been identified in such high-throughput screens, their application potential remains elusive...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Ellen McCreedy, Lacey Loomer, Jennifer A Palmer, Susan L Mitchell, Angelo Volandes, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVES: Federally mandated assessments of nursing home (NH) residents drive individualized care planning. Residents with cognitive impairment may not be able to meaningfully communicate their care needs and preferences during this process-a gap that may be partially addressed by involving surrogates. We describe the prevalence of family participation in the care planning process for long-stay NH residents with varying degrees of cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Retrospective study using administrative data made available as part of an ongoing pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
X Ma, P H Li, M X Zhu, L C He, S P Sui, S Gao, G S Su, N S Ding, Y Huang, Z Q Lu, X G Huang, R H Huang
Litter size has a great impact on the profit of swine producers. Uterine development is an important determinant of reproduction efficiency and could hence affect litter size. Chinese Erhualian pig is one of the most prolific breeds in the world, even though large phenotypic variation in litter size was observed within Erhualian sows. To dissect the genetic basis of the phenotypic variation, we herein conducted genome-wide association studies for total number born and number born alive (NBA) of Erhualian sows...
March 14, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Yi Wang, Hao Fan, Rudy Banerjee, Anne M Weaver, Michael Weiner
Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution increases disease risk in older adults. Nursing facilities located near major roadways potentially expose older adults to traffic pollution. No studies, however, have described the association between nursing facilities and traffic pollution. We obtained data on facility- and census-tract-level characteristics of 15,706 U.S. facilities from the Medicare Nursing Home Compare datasets. We calculated distance to major roadways and traffic density for each facility. In the contiguous U...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Chiara Cremolini, Massimo Milione, Federica Marmorino, Federica Morano, Gemma Zucchelli, Alessia Mennitto, Michele Prisciandaro, Sara Lonardi, Alessio Pellegrinelli, Daniele Rossini, Francesca Bergamo, Giuseppe Aprile, Lucio Urbani, Luca Morelli, Marta Schirripa, Giovanni Gerardo Cardellino, Matteo Fassan, Gabriella Fontanini, Filippo de Braud, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Alfredo Falcone, Filippo Pietrantonio
BACKGROUND: Many factors, including histopathologic parameters, seem to influence the prognosis of patients undergoing resection of colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRCLM), although their relative weight is unclear. Histopathologic growth patterns (HGPs) of CRCLM may affect sensitivity to antiangiogenics. We aimed at evaluating differences in histopathologic parameters of response according to the use of bevacizumab or cetuximab as first-line targeted agents, and at exploring the prognostic and predictive role of HGPs...
March 13, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Joseph A Ladapo, Charles E Spritzer, Xuan V Nguyen, Judy Pool, Elvira Lang
PURPOSE: Examine the cost of MRI operations before and after implementation of interpersonal skills training to reduce unanticipated patient-related events in an academic medical center. METHODS: Teams at four MRI sites (two hospital-based, two freestanding) were trained in evidence-based communication skills in February to April 2015. Training was designed to enable staff members to help patients mobilize their innate coping skills in response to any distress they experienced during their MRI visit...
March 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Ben Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
Hana Alharthi
Despite a newfound wealth of data and information, the healthcare sector is lacking in actionable knowledge. This is largely because healthcare data, though plentiful, tends to be inherently complex and fragmented. Health data analytics, with an emphasis on predictive analytics, is emerging as a transformative tool that can enable more proactive and preventative treatment options. This review considers the ways in which predictive analytics has been applied in the for-profit business sector to generate well-timed and accurate predictions of key outcomes, with a focus on key features that may be applicable to healthcare-specific applications...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
R Dominguez-Perles, Diego A Moreno, Cristina Garcia-Viguera
The late 1970s was the onset of literature about the first research outputs on alternatives to create added-value to agro-food by-products focused on the reduction of the dependency on raw materials and, simultaneously, helping to reduce the environmental impacts of the agricultural activities. This trend, increased over the years and during the last decade, has been boosted by the growing concern of the socio-economic impact of wastes from agro-food activities; however, with little success of the proposed applications...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
L Hanrahan, N McHugh, T Hennessy, B Moran, R Kearney, M Wallace, L Shalloo
The global dairy industry needs to reappraise the systems of milk production that are operated at farm level with specific focus on enhancing technical efficiency and competitiveness of the sector. The objective of this study was to quantify the factors associated with costs of production, profitability, and pasture use, and the effects of pasture use on financial performance of dairy farms using an internationally recognized representative database over an 8-yr period (2008 to 2015) on pasture-based systems...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
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