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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331757/hedging-bets-applying-new-zealand-s-gambling-machine-regime-to-cannabis-legalization
#1
Jonathan P Caulkins
Cannabis legalization is often falsely depicted as a binary choice between status quo prohibition and legalizing production and distribution by (regulated) for-profit industry. There are, however, many more prudent architectures for legalization, such as restricting production and distribution licenses to not-for-profit entities. Wilkins describes how New Zealand applied that concept to gambling machines and proposes a parallel for cannabis legalization. Greater investment in proposing good designs along these lines, including attending to governance structures, would be valuable...
January 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331471/symposium-review-novel-strategies-to-genetically-improve-mastitis-resistance-in-dairy-cattle
#2
P Martin, H W Barkema, L F Brito, S G Narayana, F Miglior
Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance to the dairy cattle sector because of the high incidence of clinical mastitis and prevalence of subclinical mastitis and, consequently, the costs associated with treatment, production losses, and reduced animal welfare. Disease-recording systems compiling data from a large number of farms are still not widely implemented around the world; thus, selection for mastitis resistance is often based on genetically correlated indicator traits such as somatic cell count (SCC), udder depth, and fore udder attachment...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330172/origins-of-tobacco-harm-reduction-in-the-uk-the-product-modification-programme-1972-1991
#3
Jesse Elias, Pamela M Ling
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the current embrace of long-term nicotine maintenance by British governmental agencies and tobacco harm reduction by several leading British public health organisations, describe the context and deliberations of the UK's first formal tobacco risk reduction programme: 'Product Modification'. METHODS: Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents, news archives and Parliamentary debate records. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1991, the British government sought to investigate safer smoking through the 'product modification programme'...
January 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330086/learning-profitable-habitat-types-by-juvenile-crayfish
#4
Taylor M Johnson, Adam L Crane
Habitat selection is fundamentally important to animal ecology, and animals that can learn about habitats can increase the probability of avoiding detection by predators or quickly finding food. Here, we tested whether juveniles of the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, can learn preference for habitat types based on experience with food availability. Crayfish were housed in arenas with two habitat types, half leaf habitat and half rock habitat. Over several days, crayfish were fed consistently in one of the habitat types...
January 9, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328934/anaerobic-co-digestion-of-coffee-husks-and-microalgal-biomass-after-thermal-hydrolysis
#5
Fabiana Passos, Paulo Henrique Miranda Cordeiro, Bruno Eduardo Lobo Baeta, Sergio Francisco de Aquino, Sara Isabel Perez-Elvira
Residual coffee husks after seed processing may be better profited if bioconverted into energy through anaerobic digestion. This process may be improved by implementing a pretreatment step and by co-digesting the coffee husks with a more liquid biomass. In this context, this study aimed at evaluating the anaerobic co-digestion of coffee husks with microalgal biomass. For this, both substrates were pretreated separately and in a mixture for attaining 15% of total solids (TS), which was demonstrated to be the minimum solid content for pretreatment of coffee husks...
December 26, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322583/motor-imagery-training-kinesthetic-imagery-strategy-and-inferior-parietal-fmri-activation
#6
Florent Lebon, Ulrike Horn, Martin Domin, Martin Lotze
Motor imagery (MI) is the mental simulation of action frequently used by professionals in different fields. However, with respect to performance, well-controlled functional imaging studies on MI training are sparse. We investigated changes in fMRI representation going along with performance changes of a finger sequence (error and velocity) after MI training in 48 healthy young volunteers. Before training, we tested the vividness of kinesthetic and visual imagery. During tests, participants were instructed to move or to imagine moving the fingers of the right hand in a specific order...
January 10, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320513/a-harm-reduction-model-of-abortion-counseling-about-misoprostol-use-in-peru-with-telephone-and-in-person-follow-up-a-cohort-study
#7
Daniel Grossman, Sarah E Baum, Denitza Andjelic, Carrie Tatum, Guadalupe Torres, Liza Fuentes, Jennifer Friedman
BACKGROUND: In Peru, abortion is legal only to preserve the life and health of the woman. A non-profit clinic system in Peru implemented a harm-reduction model for women with unwanted pregnancy that included pre-abortion care with instructions about misoprostol use and post-abortion care; they started offering telephone follow-up for clients in 2011. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the harm-reduction model, and to compare outcomes by type of follow-up obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320400/posidonia-oceanica-l-delile-ethanolic-extract-modulates-cell-activities-with-skin-health-applications
#8
Laura Cornara, Giulia Pastorino, Barbara Borghesi, Annalisa Salis, Marco Clericuzio, Carla Marchetti, Gianluca Damonte, Bruno Burlando
Seagrasses are high plants sharing adaptive metabolic features with both terrestrial plants and marine algae, resulting in a phytocomplex possibly endowed with interesting biological properties. The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro activities on skin cells of an ethanolic extract obtained from the leaves of Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, family Potamogetonaceae, herein named Posidonia ethanolic extract (PEE). PEE showed high radical scavenging activity, high phenolic content, and resulted rich in chicoric acid, as determined through HPLC-MS analysis...
January 10, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317065/nature-exposure-sufficiency-and-insufficiency-the-benefits-of-environmental-preservation
#9
John R Reddon, Salvatore B Durante
Increasing industrialization, urbanization, and a failure of many world leaders to appreciate the consequences of climate change are deleteriously impacting quality of life as well as diminishing the prospects for long term survival. Economic competitiveness and corporate profitability often pre-empt environmental concerns. The calving of an iceberg in Antarctica and the hurricane activity in the Caribbean during 2017 are unfortunate illustrations of the continuing escalation of environmental issues. We provide historical and current evidence for the importance of Nature Exposure (NE) and introduce the continuum Nature Exposure Sufficiency (NES) and Insufficiency (NEI)...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315339/bioeconomic-modeling-for-a-small-scale-sea-cucumber-fishery-in-yucatan-mexico
#10
Alvaro Hernández-Flores, Alfonso Cuevas-Jiménez, Alicia Poot-Salazar, Alfonso Condal, Juan Carlos Espinoza-Méndez
Due to the heavy exploitation of holothurians over the last few decades, it is necessary to implement fishing regulations aimed at reversing this situation. Holothurians require specific regulations that take into account their biology and ecology. Their behavior to group and form patches as a strategy for feeding, defense and reproduction, makes them vulnerable to overfishing. The higher the population density, the higher the catchability coefficient, and because they are sedentary organisms, the catchability does not change significantly until the density is very low...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313497/digital-health-and-the-need-to-develop-centers-of-expertise-in-sub-saharan-africa%C3%A2-two-examples-in-mali-and-cameroon
#11
C-O Bagayoko, G Bediang, A Anne, M Niang, A-K Traoré, A Geissbuhler
It is generally agreed today that digital technology provides a lever for improving access to health care, care processes, and public health planning and activities such as education and prevention. Its use in countries that have reached a given level of development has taken place in a somewhat fragmented manner that raises important interoperability problems and sometimes makes synergy impossible between the different projects of digital health. This may be linked to several factors, principally the lack of a global vision of digital health, and inadequate methodological knowledge that prevents the development and implementation of this vision...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313439/the-potential-association-of-cmv-specific-cd8-t-lymphocyte-reconstitution-with-the-risk-of-cmv-reactivation-and-persistency-in-post-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplant-patients
#12
Ahmed Ali Shams El-Din, Nermeen Ahmed El-Desoukey, Dalia Gamil Amin Tawadrous, Neveen Mohammed Baha El-Din Fouad, Mohammed Abdel-Mooti, Said Fathy Hotar
OBJECTIVES: development of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific CD8+ T cell response is crucial in preventing symptomatic CMV infection specially, in stem cell transplant (SCT) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate CMV-specific CD8+ T cell reconstitution in allogeneic SCT recipients and to study the possible association between CMV-specific CD8+ T cell recovery with protection from CMV reactivation and persistency. METHODS: Human leuKocyte antigen (HLA)-tetramers were used for CMV-specific CD8+ cell quantitation by Flow cytometry in twenty post-allogeneic SCT patients...
January 9, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311052/new-awards-seek-to-highlight-how-profit-mongering-affects-us-healthcare
#13
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310729/efficiency-and-demographics-of-a-high-yield-dairy-ewe-farm-with-two-managing-systems-involving-five-or-10-lambings-per-year
#14
J-L Pesantez-Pacheco, L Torres-Rovira, F Hernandez, M V Sanz-Fernandez, N P Villalobos, A Heras-Molina, C Garcia-Contreras, M Vazquez-Gomez, P Martinez-Ros, J-V Gonzalez-Martin, A Gonzalez-Bulnes, S Astiz
This study assessed milk productivity, demographic characteristics and workload distribution on a single high-yield dairy ewe farm in Spain (Avila, Spain; continental climate, latitude of 40.90 N, altitude of 900 m) over a 7-year period considering a transition from a herd management system involving five lambings per year (5LY) to a system involving 10 lambings per year (10LY). The 5LY system was practiced on the farm from 2010 to 2012 and the 10LY system from 2014 to 2015, with 2009 and 2013 being considered transition years...
January 9, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310013/bioaccumulation-and-physiological-responses-to-lead-pb-in-chenopodium-murale-l
#15
Gagan Preet Singh Sidhu, Aditi Shreeya Bali, Renu Bhardwaj, Harminder Pal Singh, Daizy R Batish, Ravinder Kumar Kohli
Identification and screening of wild, wasteland plants for the remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils is a crucial phytotechnological approach. In a pot experiment, Chenopodium murale was tested for the phytoextraction of lead (Pb) from the contaminated soils. The experiment was conducted for 8 weeks to appraise the effect of varied Pb regimes (300, 400, 500mgkg-1) on the bioaccumulation and physiological responses of C. murale plants. At 500mgkg-1 Pb regime, the concentration of Pb in roots and shoots reached a maximum of 2513 and 2301mgkg-1 DW, respectively...
January 5, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309961/local-scale-water-food-nexus-use-of-borehole-garden-permaculture-to-realise-the-full-potential-of-rural-water-supplies-in-malawi
#16
Michael O Rivett, Alistair W Halcrow, Janine Schmalfuss, John A Stark, Jonathan P Truslove, Steve Kumwenda, Kettie A Harawa, Muthi Nhlema, Chrispine Songola, Gift J Wanangwa, Alexandra V M Miller, Robert M Kalin
Local-scale opportunities to address challenges of the water-food nexus in the developing world need to be embraced. Borehole-garden permaculture is advocated as one such opportunity that involves the sustainable use of groundwater spilt at hand-pump operated borehole supplies that is otherwise wasted. Spilt water may also pose health risks when accumulating as a stagnant pond. Rural village community use of this grey-water in permaculture projects to irrigate borehole gardens is proposed to primarily provide economic benefit whereby garden-produce revenue helps fund borehole water-point maintenance...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308822/lanthanide-complexes-of-spiropyran-photoswitch-and-sensor-spectroscopic-investigations-and-computational-modelling
#17
M S A Abdel-Mottaleb, M Saif, M S Attia, M M Abo-Aly, Sarah N Mobarez
A number of novel lanthanide (Gd3+, Sm3+, and Tb3+) complexes of the 1',3'-dihydro-8-methoxy-1',3',3'-trimethyl-6-nitrospiro[2H-1-benzopyran-2,2'-(2H)-indole] (spiropyran; SP), a widely studied molecular photoswitch, were investigated. Comparative spectroscopic (absorption and fluorescence) and kinetic investigations of the stimulated photochromic and solvatochromic behavior were carried out in different media. SP embedded in a rigid thin film of poly(methylmethacrylate) might be exploited profitably as an optical sensor for the identification of a solvent's nature...
January 8, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306505/igg-antibody-prevalence-suggests-high-immunization-needs-in-newcomers-to-luxembourg-2012
#18
Judith M Hübschen, Emilie Charpentier, Pierre Weicherding, Claude P Muller
Vaccine coverage of the general population in Luxembourg is high, but refugees or asylum seekers may be incompletely vaccinated and susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases. In order to assess protection rates, serum and oral fluid samples were collected from 406 newcomers aged between 13 and 70 years arriving between May and September 2012. Sera were screened for IgG antibodies against measles, rubella, mumps, hepatitis B, tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis. Oral fluid samples were screened for antibodies against measles, mumps and rubella virus to investigate their suitability for antibody prevalence studies...
January 3, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305754/estimating-the-creation-and-removal-date-of-fracking-ponds-using-trend-analysis-of-landsat-imagery
#19
Rutherford V Platt, David Manthos, John Amos
Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is a process of introducing liquid at high pressure to create fractures in shale rock formations, thus releasing natural gas. Flowback and produced water from fracking operations is typically stored in temporary open-air earthen impoundments, or frack ponds. Unfortunately, in the United States there is no public record of the location of impoundments, or the dates that impoundments are created or removed. In this study we use a dataset of drilling-related impoundments in Pennsylvania identified through the FrackFinder project led by SkyTruth, an environmental non-profit...
January 5, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304732/a-genetic-linkage-map-of-pleurotus-tuoliensis-integrated-with-physical-mapping-of-the-de-novo-sequenced-genome-and-the-mating-type-loci
#20
Wei Gao, Jibin Qu, Jinxia Zhang, Anton Sonnenberg, Qiang Chen, Yan Zhang, Chenyang Huang
BACKGROUND: Pleurotus tuoliensis (Bailinggu) is a commercially cultivated mushroom species with an increasing popularity in China and other Asian countries. Commercial profits are now low, mainly due to a low yield, long cultivation period and sensitivity to diseases. Breeding efforts are thus required to improve agronomical important traits. Developing saturated genetic linkage and physical maps is a start for applying genetic and molecular approaches to accelerate the precise breeding programs...
January 5, 2018: BMC Genomics
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