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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900000/correction-for-lecona-et-al-usp7-cooperates-with-scml2-to-regulate-the-activity-of-prc1
#1
Emilio Lecona, Varun Narendra, Danny Reinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819196/specialized-odorant-receptors-in-social-insects-that-detect-cuticular-hydrocarbon-cues-and-candidate-pheromones
#2
Gregory M Pask, Jesse D Slone, Jocelyn G Millar, Prithwiraj Das, Jardel A Moreira, Xiaofan Zhou, Jan Bello, Shelley L Berger, Roberto Bonasio, Claude Desplan, Danny Reinberg, Jürgen Liebig, Laurence J Zwiebel, Anandasankar Ray
Eusocial insects use cuticular hydrocarbons as components of pheromones that mediate social behaviours, such as caste and nestmate recognition, and regulation of reproduction. In ants such as Harpegnathos saltator, the queen produces a pheromone which suppresses the development of workers' ovaries and if she is removed, workers can transition to a reproductive state known as gamergate. Here we functionally characterize a subfamily of odorant receptors (Ors) with a nine-exon gene structure that have undergone a massive expansion in ants and other eusocial insects...
August 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802044/the-neuropeptide-corazonin-controls-social-behavior-and-caste-identity-in-ants
#3
Janko Gospocic, Emily J Shields, Karl M Glastad, Yanping Lin, Clint A Penick, Hua Yan, Alexander S Mikheyev, Timothy A Linksvayer, Benjamin A Garcia, Shelley L Berger, Jürgen Liebig, Danny Reinberg, Roberto Bonasio
Social insects are emerging models to study how gene regulation affects behavior because their colonies comprise individuals with the same genomes but greatly different behavioral repertoires. To investigate the molecular mechanisms that activate distinct behaviors in different castes, we exploit a natural behavioral plasticity in Harpegnathos saltator, where adult workers can transition to a reproductive, queen-like state called gamergate. Analysis of brain transcriptomes during the transition reveals that corazonin, a neuropeptide homologous to the vertebrate gonadotropin-releasing hormone, is downregulated as workers become gamergates...
August 10, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802043/an-engineered-orco-mutation-produces-aberrant-social-behavior-and-defective-neural-development-in-ants
#4
Hua Yan, Comzit Opachaloemphan, Giacomo Mancini, Huan Yang, Matthew Gallitto, Jakub Mlejnek, Alexandra Leibholz, Kevin Haight, Majid Ghaninia, Lucy Huo, Michael Perry, Jesse Slone, Xiaofan Zhou, Maria Traficante, Clint A Penick, Kelly Dolezal, Kaustubh Gokhale, Kelsey Stevens, Ingrid Fetter-Pruneda, Roberto Bonasio, Laurence J Zwiebel, Shelley L Berger, Jürgen Liebig, Danny Reinberg, Claude Desplan
Ants exhibit cooperative behaviors and advanced forms of sociality that depend on pheromone-mediated communication. Odorant receptor neurons (ORNs) express specific odorant receptors (ORs) encoded by a dramatically expanded gene family in ants. In most eusocial insects, only the queen can transmit genetic information, restricting genetic studies. In contrast, workers in Harpegnathos saltator ants can be converted into gamergates (pseudoqueens) that can found entire colonies. This feature facilitated CRISPR-Cas9 generation of germline mutations in orco, the gene that encodes the obligate co-receptor of all ORs...
August 10, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781233/phospho-h1-decorates-the-inter-chromatid-axis-and-is-evicted-along-with-shugoshin-by-set-during-mitosis
#5
Swathi Krishnan, Arne H Smits, Michiel Vermeulen, Danny Reinberg
Precise control of sister chromatid separation during mitosis is pivotal to maintaining genomic integrity. Yet, the regulatory mechanisms involved are not well understood. Remarkably, we discovered that linker histone H1 phosphorylated at S/T18 decorated the inter-chromatid axial DNA on mitotic chromosomes. Sister chromatid resolution during mitosis required the eviction of such H1S/T18ph by the chaperone SET, with this process being independent of and most likely downstream of arm-cohesin dissociation. SET also directed the disassembly of Shugoshins in a polo-like kinase 1-augmented manner, aiding centromere resolution...
August 17, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731465/pr-set7-deficiency-limits-uterine-epithelial-population-growth-hampering-postnatal-gland-formation-in-mice
#6
Tongtong Cui, Bo He, Shuangbo Kong, Chan Zhou, Hangxiao Zhang, Zhangli Ni, Haili Bao, Jingtao Qiu, Qiliang Xin, Danny Reinberg, John P Lydon, Jinhua Lu, Haibin Wang
Formation of secretary endometrial glands in the uterus known as adenogenesis is a typical process of branching morphogenesis involving dynamic epithelial growth and differentiation. Unsuccessful adenogenesis often leads to female infertility. However, it remains largely unexplored so far regarding the epigenetic machinery governing normal endometrial gland formation. Here, we demonstrated that PR-Set7, an epigenetic regulator for H4K20me1 modification, was extensively expressed in the postnatal uteri, and its conditional deletion resulted in a complete lack of endometrial glands and infertility in mice...
July 21, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696298/functional-characterization-of-odorant-receptors-in-the-ponerine-ant-harpegnathos-saltator
#7
Jesse D Slone, Gregory M Pask, Stephen T Ferguson, Jocelyn G Millar, Shelley L Berger, Danny Reinberg, Jürgen Liebig, Anandasankar Ray, Laurence J Zwiebel
Animals use a variety of sensory modalities-including visual, acoustic, and chemical-to sense their environment and interact with both conspecifics and other species. Such communication is especially critical in eusocial insects such as honey bees and ants, where cooperation is critical for survival and reproductive success. Various classes of chemoreceptors have been hypothesized to play essential roles in the origin and evolution of eusociality in ants, through their functional roles in pheromone detection that characterizes reproductive status and colony membership...
August 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623371/chemosensory-sensitivity-reflects-reproductive-status-in-the-ant-harpegnathos-saltator
#8
Majid Ghaninia, Kevin Haight, Shelley L Berger, Danny Reinberg, Laurence J Zwiebel, Anandasankar Ray, Jürgen Liebig
Insects communicate with pheromones using sensitive antennal sensilla. Although trace amounts of pheromones can be detected by many insects, context-dependent increased costs of high sensitivity might lead to plasticity in sensillum responsiveness. We have functionally characterized basiconic sensilla of the ant Harpegnathos saltator for responses to general odors in comparison to cuticular hydrocarbons which can act as fertility signals emitted by the principal reproductive(s) of a colony to inhibit reproduction by worker colony members...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165338/the-chromatin-remodeling-factor-chd7-controls-cerebellar-development-by-regulating-reelin-expression
#9
Danielle E Whittaker, Kimberley L H Riegman, Sahrunizam Kasah, Conor Mohan, Tian Yu, Blanca Pijuan Sala, Husam Hebaishi, Angela Caruso, Ana Claudia Marques, Caterina Michetti, María Eugenia Sanz Smachetti, Apar Shah, Mara Sabbioni, Omer Kulhanci, Wee-Wei Tee, Danny Reinberg, Maria Luisa Scattoni, Holger Volk, Imelda McGonnell, Fiona C Wardle, Cathy Fernandes, M Albert Basson
The mechanisms underlying the neurodevelopmental deficits associated with CHARGE syndrome, which include cerebellar hypoplasia, developmental delay, coordination problems, and autistic features, have not been identified. CHARGE syndrome has been associated with mutations in the gene encoding the ATP-dependent chromatin remodeler CHD7. CHD7 is expressed in neural stem and progenitor cells, but its role in neurogenesis during brain development remains unknown. Here we have shown that deletion of Chd7 from cerebellar granule cell progenitors (GCps) results in reduced GCp proliferation, cerebellar hypoplasia, developmental delay, and motor deficits in mice...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087711/ctcf-mediated-topological-boundaries-during-development-foster-appropriate-gene-regulation
#10
Varun Narendra, Milica Bulajić, Job Dekker, Esteban O Mazzoni, Danny Reinberg
The genome is organized into repeating topologically associated domains (TADs), each of which is spatially isolated from its neighbor by poorly understood boundary elements thought to be conserved across cell types. Here, we show that deletion of CTCF (CCCTC-binding factor)-binding sites at TAD and sub-TAD topological boundaries that form within the HoxA and HoxC clusters during differentiation not only disturbs local chromatin domain organization and regulatory interactions but also results in homeotic transformations typical of Hox gene misregulation...
December 15, 2016: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814489/chromatin-starts-to-come-clean
#11
Shengjiang Tu, Gary LeRoy, Danny Reinberg
In an effort to identify a chromatin-associated pluripotent network, Rafiee et al., (2016) developed a powerful ChIP-MS technique and discovered a novel protein, TRIM24, enriched on OCT4-, SOX2-, and NANOG-associated chromatin, paving the way for future proteomic studies on chromatin.
November 3, 2016: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570068/med12-regulates-hsc-specific-enhancers-independently-of-mediator-kinase-activity-to-control-hematopoiesis
#12
Beatriz Aranda-Orgilles, Ricardo Saldaña-Meyer, Eric Wang, Eirini Trompouki, Anne Fassl, Stephanie Lau, Jasper Mullenders, Pedro P Rocha, Ramya Raviram, María Guillamot, María Sánchez-Díaz, Kun Wang, Clarisse Kayembe, Nan Zhang, Leonela Amoasii, Avik Choudhuri, Jane A Skok, Markus Schober, Danny Reinberg, Piotr Sicinski, Heinrich Schrewe, Aristotelis Tsirigos, Leonard I Zon, Iannis Aifantis
Hematopoietic-specific transcription factors require coactivators to communicate with the general transcription machinery and establish transcriptional programs that maintain hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal, promote differentiation, and prevent malignant transformation. Mediator is a large coactivator complex that bridges enhancer-localized transcription factors with promoters, but little is known about Mediator function in adult stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. We show that MED12, a member of the Mediator kinase module, is an essential regulator of HSC homeostasis, as in vivo deletion of Med12 causes rapid bone marrow aplasia leading to acute lethality...
December 1, 2016: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281218/co-repressor-cbfa2t2-regulates-pluripotency-and-germline-development
#13
Shengjiang Tu, Varun Narendra, Masashi Yamaji, Simon E Vidal, Luis Alejandro Rojas, Xiaoshi Wang, Sang Yong Kim, Benjamin A Garcia, Thomas Tuschl, Matthias Stadtfeld, Danny Reinberg
Developmental specification of germ cells lies at the heart of inheritance, as germ cells contain all of the genetic and epigenetic information transmitted between generations. The critical developmental event distinguishing germline from somatic lineages is the differentiation of primordial germ cells (PGCs), precursors of sex-specific gametes that produce an entire organism upon fertilization. Germ cells toggle between uni- and pluripotent states as they exhibit their own 'latent' form of pluripotency. For example, PGCs express a number of transcription factors in common with embryonic stem (ES) cells, including OCT4 (encoded by Pou5f1), SOX2, NANOG and PRDM14 (refs 2, 3, 4)...
June 16, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121947/structural-basis-of-oncogenic-histone-h3k27m-inhibition-of-human-polycomb-repressive-complex-2
#14
Neil Justin, Ying Zhang, Cataldo Tarricone, Stephen R Martin, Shuyang Chen, Elizabeth Underwood, Valeria De Marco, Lesley F Haire, Philip A Walker, Danny Reinberg, Jon R Wilson, Steven J Gamblin
Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) silences gene expression through trimethylation of K27 of histone H3 (H3K27me3) via its catalytic SET domain. A missense mutation in the substrate of PRC2, histone H3K27M, is associated with certain pediatric brain cancers and is linked to a global decrease of H3K27me3 in the affected cells thought to be mediated by inhibition of PRC2 activity. We present here the crystal structure of human PRC2 in complex with the inhibitory H3K27M peptide bound to the active site of the SET domain, with the methionine residue located in the pocket that normally accommodates the target lysine residue...
2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105846/isl1-and-jmjd3-synergistically-control-cardiac-differentiation-of-embryonic-stem-cells
#15
Yang Wang, Yuejiao Li, Chen Guo, Qin Lu, Weiping Wang, Zhuqing Jia, Ping Chen, Kangtao Ma, Danny Reinberg, Chunyan Zhou
ISL1 is expressed in cardiac progenitor cells and plays critical roles in cardiac lineage differentiation and heart development. Cardiac progenitor cells hold great potential for clinical and translational applications. However, the mechanisms underlying ISL1 function in cardiac progenitor cells have not been fully elucidated. Here we uncover a hierarchical role of ISL1 in cardiac progenitor cells, showing that ISL1 directly regulates hundreds of potential downstream target genes that are implicated in cardiac differentiation, through an epigenetic mechanism...
August 19, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26722000/epigenetic-re-programming-of-caste-specific-behavior-in-the-ant-camponotus-floridanus
#16
Daniel F Simola, Riley J Graham, Cristina M Brady, Brittany L Enzmann, Claude Desplan, Anandasankar Ray, Laurence J Zwiebel, Roberto Bonasio, Danny Reinberg, Jürgen Liebig, Shelley L Berger
Eusocial insects organize themselves into behavioral castes whose regulation has been proposed to involve epigenetic processes, including histone modification. In the carpenter ant Camponotus floridanus, morphologically distinct worker castes called minors and majors exhibit pronounced differences in foraging and scouting behaviors. We found that these behaviors are regulated by histone acetylation likely catalyzed by the conserved acetyltransferase CBP. Transcriptome and chromatin analysis in brains of scouting minors fed pharmacological inhibitors of CBP and histone deacetylases (HDACs) revealed hundreds of genes linked to hyperacetylated regions targeted by CBP...
January 1, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527279/analysis-of-the-histone-h3-1-interactome-a-suitable-chaperone-for-the-right-event
#17
Eric I Campos, Arne H Smits, Young-Hoon Kang, Sébastien Landry, Thelma M Escobar, Shruti Nayak, Beatrix M Ueberheide, Daniel Durocher, Michiel Vermeulen, Jerard Hurwitz, Danny Reinberg
Despite minimal disparity at the sequence level, mammalian H3 variants bind to distinct sets of polypeptides. Although histone H3.1 predominates in cycling cells, our knowledge of the soluble complexes that it forms en route to deposition or following eviction from chromatin remains limited. Here, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the H3.1-binding proteome, with emphasis on its interactions with histone chaperones and components of the replication fork. Quantitative mass spectrometry revealed 170 protein interactions, whereas a large-scale biochemical fractionation of H3...
November 19, 2015: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26279569/cuticular-hydrocarbon-pheromones-for-social-behavior-and-their-coding-in-the-ant-antenna
#18
Kavita R Sharma, Brittany L Enzmann, Yvonne Schmidt, Dani Moore, Graeme R Jones, Jane Parker, Shelley L Berger, Danny Reinberg, Laurence J Zwiebel, Bernhard Breit, Jürgen Liebig, Anandasankar Ray
The sophisticated organization of eusocial insect societies is largely based on the regulation of complex behaviors by hydrocarbon pheromones present on the cuticle. We used electrophysiology to investigate the detection of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) by female-specific olfactory sensilla basiconica on the antenna of Camponotus floridanus ants through the utilization of one of the largest family of odorant receptors characterized so far in insects. These sensilla, each of which contains multiple olfactory receptor neurons, are differentially sensitive to CHCs and allow them to be classified into three broad groups that collectively detect every hydrocarbon tested, including queen and worker-enriched CHCs...
August 25, 2015: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25722416/ctcf-establishes-discrete-functional-chromatin-domains-at-the-hox-clusters-during-differentiation
#19
Varun Narendra, Pedro P Rocha, Disi An, Ramya Raviram, Jane A Skok, Esteban O Mazzoni, Danny Reinberg
Polycomb and Trithorax group proteins encode the epigenetic memory of cellular positional identity by establishing inheritable domains of repressive and active chromatin within the Hox clusters. Here we demonstrate that the CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) functions to insulate these adjacent yet antagonistic chromatin domains during embryonic stem cell differentiation into cervical motor neurons. Deletion of CTCF binding sites within the Hox clusters results in the expansion of active chromatin into the repressive domain...
February 27, 2015: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25605328/usp7-cooperates-with-scml2-to-regulate-the-activity-of-prc1
#20
Emilio Lecona, Varun Narendra, Danny Reinberg
USP7 is a protein deubiquitinase with an essential role in development. Here, we provide evidence that USP7 regulates the activity of Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) in coordination with SCML2. There are six versions of PRC1 defined by the association of one of the PCGF homologues (PCGF1 to PCGF6) with the common catalytic subunit RING1B. First, we show that SCML2, a Polycomb group protein that associates with PRC1.2 (containing PCGF2/MEL18) and PRC1.4 (containing PCGF4/BMI1), modulates the localization of USP7 and bridges USP7 with PRC1...
April 2015: Molecular and Cellular Biology
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