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European journal of cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897391/a-systematic-review-on-the-role-of-vitamins-minerals-proteins-and-other-supplements-for-the-treatment-of-cachexia-in-cancer-a-european-palliative-care-research-centre-cachexia-project
#1
REVIEW
Mochamat, Henning Cuhls, Milka Marinova, Stein Kaasa, Christiane Stieber, Rupert Conrad, Lukas Radbruch, Martin Mücke
We provide a systematic review to support the European Palliative Care Research Collaboration development of clinical guidelines for cancer patients suffering from cachexia. CENTRAL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, ClinicalTrials.gov, and a selection of cancer journals have been searched up until 15 April 2016. The systematic literature research yielded 4214 publications with 21 of these included in the final evaluation. Regarding minerals, our search identified only one study examining the use of magnesium with no effect on weight loss...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889671/european-journal-of-cancer-s-biennial-report-on-soft-tissue-and-visceral-sarcomas-or-the-rapid-evolution-of-treatment-concepts-in-sarcomas
#2
Jean-Yves Blay, Mehdi Brahmi, Isabelle Ray-Coquard
Soft tissue and visceral sarcoma gather a large group of rare to very rare cancers and locally aggressive connective tissue tumours. Novel concepts on histological and molecular classification, optimal management of patients, systemic adjuvant and neoadjuvant treatment have been emerging in the last 5 years. In the present publication, we review and summarise significant changes which impact on disease management in this group of rare cancers.
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875525/precision-medicine-in-cancer-challenges-and-recommendations-from-an-eu-funded-cervical-cancer-biobanking-study
#3
Sanne Samuels, Balazs Balint, Heiko von der Leyen, Philippe Hupé, Leanne de Koning, Choumouss Kamoun, Windy Luscap-Rondof, Ulrike Wittkop, Ksenia Bagrintseva, Marina Popovic, Atttila Kereszt, Els Berns, Gemma G Kenter, Ekaterina S Jordanova, Maud Kamal, Susy Scholl
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) remains a leading cause of gynaecological cancer-related mortality worldwide. CC pathogenesis is triggered when human papillomavirus (HPV) inserts into the genome, resulting in tumour suppressor gene inactivation and oncogene activation. Collecting tumour and blood samples is critical for identifying these genetic alterations. METHODS: BIO-RAIDs is the first prospective molecular profiling clinical study to include a substantial biobanking effort that used uniform high-quality standards and control of samples...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855442/impact-of-cause-of-death-adjudication-on-the-results-of-the-european-prostate-cancer-screening-trial
#4
Stephen D Walter, Harry J de Koning, Jonas Hugosson, Kirsi Talala, Monique J Roobol, Sigrid Carlsson, Marco Zappa, Vera Nelen, Maciej Kwiatkowski, Álvaro Páez, Sue Moss, Anssi Auvinen
BACKGROUND: The European Randomised Study of Prostate Cancer Screening has shown a 21% relative reduction in prostate cancer mortality at 13 years. The causes of death can be misattributed, particularly in elderly men with multiple comorbidities, and therefore accurate assessment of the underlying cause of death is crucial for valid results. To address potential unreliability of end-point assessment, and its possible impact on mortality results, we analysed the study outcome adjudication data in six countries...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798009/applied-investigation-of-person-specific-and-context-specific-factors-on-postoperative-recovery-and-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-cancer-surgery-multicentre-european-study
#5
Sheraz R Markar, Stella Mavroveli, Konstantinos V Petrides, Marco Scarpa, Veronique Christophe, Carlo Castoro, Christophe Mariette, Pernilla Lagergren, George B Hanna
INTRODUCTION: Cancer treatments have greatly advanced over the past two decades causing survival improvements and reduced complications from cancer surgery. However, the cancer diagnosis and the effects of treatment modalities pose a major risk to patients' psychological well-being. Given current interest and emerging evidence about the importance of psychological and social factors on cancer survival and coping with cancer treatments, this study will build and expand research in order to identify key modifiable psychosocial variables that contribute to better physical and mental health following gastrointestinal cancer (GIC) surgery...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782108/whole-exome-sequencing-of-finnish-hereditary-breast-cancer-families
#6
Kirsi Määttä, Tommi Rantapero, Anna Lindström, Matti Nykter, Minna Kankuri-Tammilehto, Satu-Leena Laasanen, Johanna Schleutker
A remarkable proportion of factors causing genetic predisposition to breast cancer (BC) are unknown in non-BRCA1/2 families. Exome sequencing was performed for 13 high-risk Finnish hereditary breast and/or ovarian cancer (HBOC) families to detect variants contributing to BC susceptibility. After filtering, 18 candidate variants in DNA damage response (DDR) pathway genes were screened in 129 female HBOC patients, up to 989 female controls, and 31 breast tumours by Sanger sequencing/TaqMan assays. In addition, two variants were further studied in 49 male BC patients and 909 male controls...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766402/management-of-implant-exposure-in-one-stage-breast-reconstruction-using-titanium-coated-polypropylene-mesh-sub-mammary-intercostal-perforator-flap
#7
Michele Antonio De Riggi, Nicola Rocco, Giulio Gherardini, Emanuela Esposito, Massimiliano D'Aiuto
INTRODUCTION: One-stage implant-based breast reconstruction using titanium-coated polypropylene mesh is a novel approach widely used in Europe. Complication rates in breast reconstruction with the use of titanium-coated meshes seem to be comparable to those in patients with implant-based breast reconstruction alone. However, the use of synthetic meshes in implant-based breast reconstructive surgery leads to new clinical scenarios with the need for the breast surgeon to face new complications...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764841/main-nutrient-patterns-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study
#8
Aurélie Moskal, Heinz Freisling, Graham Byrnes, Nada Assi, Michael T Fahey, Mazda Jenab, Pietro Ferrari, Anne Tjønneland, Kristina En Petersen, Christina C Dahm, Camilla Plambeck Hansen, Aurélie Affret, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Claire Cadeau, Tilman Kühn, Verena Katzke, Khalid Iqbal, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Christina Bamia, Androniki Naska, Giovanna Masala, Maria Santucci de Magistris, Sabina Sieri, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, Petra H Peeters, Bas H Bueno-de-Mesquita, Dagrun Engeset, Idlir Licaj, Guri Skeie, Eva Ardanaz, Genevieve Buckland, José M Huerta Castaño, José R Quirós, Pilar Amiano, Elena Molina-Portillo, Anna Winkvist, Robin Myte, Ulrika Ericson, Emily Sonestedt, Aurora Perez-Cornago, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Inge Huybrechts, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Heather Ward, Marc J Gunter, Nadia Slimani
BACKGROUND: Much of the current literature on diet-colorectal cancer (CRC) associations focused on studies of single foods/nutrients, whereas less is known about nutrient patterns. We investigated the association between major nutrient patterns and CRC risk in participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. METHODS: Among 477 312 participants, intakes of 23 nutrients were estimated from validated dietary questionnaires...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759068/plasma-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-and-subsequent-prostate-cancer-risk-in-a-nested-case-control-study-in-japan-the-jphc-study
#9
N Sawada, M Inoue, M Iwasaki, T Yamaji, T Shimazu, S Sasazuki, S Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although vitamin D has been experimentally reported to inhibit tumorigenesis, cell growth and prostate cancer invasion, epidemiologic data regarding prostate cancer risk are inconsistent, and some studies have suggested positive but nonsignificant associations. Further, the impact of vitamin D on prostate cancer between Western and Japanese populations may differ due to different plasma vitamin D levels. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study within the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective (JPHC) Study in 14,203 men (40-69 years) who answered a self-administered questionnaire at baseline (1990-1994) and gave blood samples, and were followed until 2005...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736844/parp-inhibitors-for-brca1-2-mutated-and-sporadic-ovarian-cancer-current-practice-and-future-directions
#10
REVIEW
G E Konecny, R S Kristeleit
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors cause targeted tumour cell death in homologous recombination (HR)-deficient cancers, including BRCA-mutated tumours, by exploiting synthetic lethality. PARP inhibitors are being evaluated in late-stage clinical trials of ovarian cancer (OC). Recently, olaparib was the first PARP inhibitor approved in the European Union and United States for the treatment of advanced BRCA-mutated OC. This paper reviews the role of BRCA mutations for tumorigenesis and PARP inhibitor sensitivity, and summarises the clinical development of PARP inhibitors for the treatment of patients diagnosed with OC...
November 8, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703145/biobank-attributes-associated-with-higher-patient-participation-a-randomized-study
#11
Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Sandrine Rudaz, Thomas Perneger
The objectives of the study were to assess patients' intent to participate in a hospital-based biobank and to explore the factors associated with higher participation. A 23-item questionnaire was developed to survey a random sample of patients in a Swiss university hospital. Two vignettes describing hypothetical biobanks were incorporated in the survey and patients were asked whether they would agree to participate. Three factors were randomly manipulated in each vignette using a factorial design: cancer-oriented research vs general consent, one vs several reviews of the patient's chart, and genetic vs blood protein analyses (first vignette); blood sample vs oral swabbing, local vs international project, and a follow-up visit vs no visit (second vignette)...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677361/prostate-cancer-risk-related-to-foods-food-groups-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-derived-from-the-uk-dietary-cohort-consortium-food-diaries
#12
J A Lane, S E Oliver, P N Appleby, M A H Lentjes, P Emmett, D Kuh, A Stephen, E J Brunner, M J Shipley, F C Hamdy, D E Neal, J L Donovan, K-T Khaw, T J Key
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The influence of dietary factors remains controversial for screen-detected prostate cancer and inconclusive for clinically detected disease. We aimed to examine these associations using prospectively collected food diaries. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 1,717 prostate cancer cases in middle-aged and older UK men were pooled from four prospective cohorts with clinically detected disease (n=663), with routine data follow-up (means 6.6-13.3 years) and a case-control study with screen-detected disease (n=1054), nested in a randomised trial of prostate cancer treatments (ISCTRN 20141297)...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662225/response-to-the-commentary-letter-entitled-diagnostic-radiography-and-thyroid-cancer-causation-or-simply-an-association-to-our-article-entitled-diagnostic-radiography-exposure-increases-the-risk-for-thyroid-microcarcinoma-a-population-based-case-control-study
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584663/the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-survival-following-resection-and-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#14
Jörg Kleeff, Eithne Costello, Richard Jackson, Chris Halloran, William Greenhalf, Paula Ghaneh, Richard F Lamb, Markus M Lerch, Julia Mayerle, Daniel Palmer, Trevor Cox, Charlotte L Rawcliffe, Oliver Strobel, Markus W Büchler, John P Neoptolemos
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is frequently observed in pancreatic cancer patients and is both a risk factor and an early manifestation of the disease. METHODS: We analysed the prognostic impact of diabetes on the outcome of pancreatic cancer following resection and adjuvant chemotherapy using individual patient data from three European Study Group for Pancreatic Cancer randomised controlled trials. Analyses were carried out to assess the association between clinical characteristics and the presence of preoperative diabetes, as well as the effect of diabetic status on overall survival...
September 27, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530474/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-risk-of-incident-of-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-consortium-on-health-and-ageing-network-of-cohorts-in-europe-and-the-united-states-chances
#15
L Mamluk, M G O'Doherty, P Orfanos, G Saitakis, J V Woodside, L M Liao, R Sinha, P Boffetta, A Trichopoulou, F Kee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is limited information to support definitive recommendations concerning the role of diet in the development of type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The results of the latest meta-analyses suggest that an increased consumption of green leafy vegetables may reduce the incidence of diabetes, with either no association or weak associations demonstrated for total fruit and vegetable intake. Few studies have, however, focused on older subjects. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The relationship between T2DM and fruit and vegetable intake was investigated using data from the NIH-AARP study and the EPIC Elderly study...
August 17, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507073/a-mediterranean-style-diet-its-components-and-the-risk-of-heart-failure-a-prospective-population-based-study-in-a-non-mediterranean-country
#16
J Wirth, R di Giuseppe, H Boeing, C Weikert
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence emerged about the role of diet in heart failure (HF) development, but data are sparse and inconclusive. We examined the association between a Mediterranean-style diet, its components and HF risk. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Analyses were carried out in 24 008 middle-aged participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam (Germany), including 209 incident HF cases within 8.2 years. The traditional Greek Mediterranean diet score (tMED) was used to assess dietary adherence...
September 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505134/l1cam-expression-in-endometrial-carcinomas-an-enitec-collaboration-study
#17
Louis Jm van der Putten, Nicole Cm Visser, Koen van de Vijver, Maria Santacana, Peter Bronsert, Johan Bulten, Marc Hirschfeld, Eva Colas, Antonio Gil-Moreno, Angel Garcia, Gemma Mancebo, Fransesc Alameda, Jone Trovik, Reidun K Kopperud, Jutta Huvila, Stefanie Schrauwen, Martin Koskas, Francine Walker, Vit Weinberger, Lubos Minar, Eva Jandakova, Marc Plm Snijders, Saskia van den Berg-van Erp, Xavier Matias-Guiu, Helga B Salvesen, Frederic Amant, Leon Fag Massuger, Johanna Ma Pijnenborg
BACKGROUND: Identification of aggressive endometrioid endometrial carcinomas (EECs) and non-endometrioid carcinomas (NEECs) is essential to improve outcome. L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1CAM) expression is a strong prognostic marker in stage I EECs, but less is known about L1CAM expression in advanced-stage EECs and NEECs. This study analyses L1CAM expression in a clinically representative cohort of endometrial carcinomas. METHODS: The expression of L1CAM was immunohistochemically determined in 1199 endometrial carcinomas, treated at one of the European Network for Individualized Treatment of Endometrial Cancer (ENITEC) centres...
September 6, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490808/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-prostate-cancer-risk-a-mendelian-randomisation-analysis-from-the-practical-consortium
#18
Nikhil K Khankari, Harvey J Murff, Chenjie Zeng, Wanqing Wen, Rosalind A Eeles, Douglas F Easton, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Kenneth Muir, Graham G Giles, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Gronberg, Christopher A Haiman, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Ruth C Travis, Jenny L Donovan, Nora Pashayan, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, William J Blot, Stephen N Thibodeau, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Hermann Brenner, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Hardev Pandha, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is a common cancer worldwide with no established modifiable lifestyle factors to guide prevention. The associations between polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and prostate cancer risk have been inconsistent. Using Mendelian randomisation, we evaluated associations between PUFAs and prostate cancer risk. METHODS: We used individual-level data from a consortium of 22 721 cases and 23 034 controls of European ancestry. Externally-weighted PUFA-specific polygenic risk scores (wPRSs), with explanatory variation ranging from 0...
August 23, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467053/an-investigation-of-the-association-of-genetic-susceptibility-risk-with-somatic-mutation-burden-in-breast-cancer
#19
Bin Zhu, Anwesha Mukherjee, Mitchell J Machiela, Lei Song, Xing Hua, Jianxin Shi, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Stephen J Chanock, Nilanjan Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have reported nearly 100 common germline susceptibility loci associated with the risk for breast cancer. Tumour sequencing studies have characterised somatic mutation profiles in breast cancer patients. The relationship between breast cancer susceptibility loci and somatic mutation patterns in breast cancer remains largely unexplored. METHODS: We used single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping array data and tumour exome sequencing data available from 638 breast cancer patients of European ancestry from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project...
September 6, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460269/the-association-between-the-intake-of-specific-dietary-components-and-lifestyle-factors-and-microscopic-colitis
#20
J K Larsson, E Sonestedt, B Ohlsson, J Manjer, K Sjöberg
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The incidence of microscopic colitis (MC) has increased over the previous decades. In addition to smoking and drugs, currently unidentified environmental factors may have a role. The aim of this study was to determine whether specific dietary or other lifestyle factors were associated with the development of MC. SUBJECT/METHODS: The population-based cohort Malmö Diet and Cancer Study of 28 095 individuals was examined. Information about dietary habits was collected by a modified diet history method...
November 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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