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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716714/functional-density-and-edge-maps-characterizing-functional-architecture-in-individuals-and-improving-cross-subject-registration
#1
Tong Tong, Iman Aganj, Tian Ge, Jonathan R Polimeni, Bruce Fischl
Population-level inferences and individual-level analyses are two important aspects in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. Extracting reliable and informative features from fMRI data that capture biologically meaningful inter-subject variation is critical for aligning and comparing functional networks across subjects, and connecting the properties of functional brain organization with variations in behavior, cognition and genetics. In this study, we derive two new measures, which we term functional density map and edge map, and demonstrate their usefulness in characterizing the function of individual brains...
July 14, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712822/association-study-of-hnf1a-polymorphisms-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-moroccan-population
#2
Imane Morjane, Rym Kefi, Hicham Charoute, Fouzia Lakbakbi El Yaagoubi, Meryem Hechmi, Rachid Saile, Sonia Abdelhak, Abdelhamid Barakat
AIMS: Variants in Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1 alpha (HNF1A) gene are associated with Metabolic Syndromeand its components independently. In this study, we aimed to assess the statistical association of the rs1169288, rs2464196 and rs735396 variants and haplotypes of HNF1A gene with metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components in a Moroccan population sample. METHODS: Three variants in the HNF1A gene were genotyped, rs1169288 A>C, rs2464196 G>A and rs735396 T>C in cases and controls from Moroccan population using KASPar(®) technology (KBioscience, UK)...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712541/mechanical-demands-on-the-lower-back-in-patients-with-non-chronic-low-back-pain-during-a-symmetric-lowering-and-lifting-task
#3
Iman Shojaei, Elizabeth G Salt, Quenten Hooker, Babak Bazrgari
There is limited information in the literature related to the lower back loading in patients with LBP, particularly those with non-chronic LBP. Toward addressing such a research gap, a case-control study was conducted to explore the differences in lower back mechanical loads between a group of females (n=19) with non-chronic, non-specific LBP and a group of asymptomatic females (n=19). The differences in lower back mechanical loads were determined when participants completed one symmetric lowering and lifting of a 4...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706082/postural-sway-working-years-and-bmi-in-healthy-truck-drivers-an-observational-study
#4
Daniela Ohlendorf, Paul Troebs, Andreas Lenk, Eileen Wanke, Jörg Natrup, David Groneberg
OBJECTIVES: The following study analyses the influence of risk factors among the occupational group of truck drivers on postural control and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: One motorway station close to several highways in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: 180 truck drivers (177 male/3 female), aged 21-65 years old, took part in this study. OUTCOME MEASURES: Postural control was examined using a pressure plate...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705913/interpretation-modalities-used-on-family-centered-rounds-perspectives-of-spanish-speaking-families
#5
Ashley Anttila, David I Rappaport, Johan Tijerino, Nusrat Zaman, Iman Sharif
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Limited-English-proficient (LEP) patients and families are at risk for worse hospital outcomes due to impaired communication. Family-centered rounds (FCR) have become the preferred format for information sharing among providers and families at pediatric institutions. However, there are limited data on FCR among LEP families, particularly regarding interpretation type. We sought to examine the relationships between interpretation type and FCR satisfaction and efficacy among Spanish-speaking families, the fastest growing LEP population in pediatric hospitals...
July 13, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704451/targeting-of-x-linked-inhibitor-of-apoptosis-protein-and-pi3-kinase-akt-signaling-by-embelin-suppresses-growth-of-leukemic-cells
#6
Kirti S Prabhu, Kodappully S Siveen, Shilpa Kuttikrishnan, Ahmad Iskandarani, Magdalini Tsakou, Iman W Achkar, Lubna Therachiyil, Roopesh Krishnankutty, Aijaz Parray, Michal Kulinski, Maysaloun Merhi, Said Dermime, Ramzi M Mohammad, Shahab Uddin
The X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) is a viable molecular target for anticancer drugs that overcome apoptosis-resistance of malignant cells. XIAP is an inhibitor of apoptosis, mediating through its association with BIR3 domain of caspase 9. Embelin, a quinone derivative isolated from the Embelia ribes plant, has been shown to exhibit chemopreventive, anti-inflammatory, and apoptotic activities via inhibiting XIAP activity. In this study, we found that embelin causes a dose-dependent suppression of proliferation in leukemic cell lines K562 and U937...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702630/synthesis-and-incorporation-of-an-advanced-lipid-peroxidation-end-product-building-block-into-collagen-mimetic-peptides
#7
Iman Kavianinia, Sung-Hyun Yang, Harveen Kaur, Paul W R Harris, Renwick C J Dobson, Antony J Fairbanks, Margaret A Brimble
Advanced lipid peroxidation end-products (ALEs) accumulate with ageing and oxidative stress-related diseases. Despite their potential therapeutic value, there are no suitably protected ALE building blocks reported in the literature to enable their site-specific incorporation into synthetic peptides. The synthesis of an Fmoc-protected ALE building block, N(∈)-(3-methylpyridinium)lysine (MP-lysine) and its incorporation into collagen model peptides is reported.
July 12, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701075/the-effect-of-orexin-a-on-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Zahra Hadadianpour, Farangis Fatehi, Fateme Ayoobi, Ayat Kaeidi, Ali Shamsizadeh, Iman Fatemi
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of orexin-A (OX-A) and the orexin-1 receptor antagonist SB-334867 (SB) on motor and cognitive functions in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Parkinson was induced by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v) injection of 6- hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) (200 μg/rat). 72 h later, the treatment was initiated by i.c.v administration of SB (30 nmol/rat) and/or OX-A (0.3 nmol/rat) for 10 days. Motor functions were monitored using rotarod and hanging tests...
July 12, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694206/identification-of-two-novel-sh3pxd2b-gene-mutations-in-frank-ter-haar-syndrome-by-exome-sequencing-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Abdelali Zrhidri, Imane Cherkaoui Jaouad, Jaber Lyahyai, Laure Raymond, Grégory Egéa, Mohamed Taoudi, Said E L Mouatassim, Abdelaziz Sefiani
BACKGROUND: Frank-Ter Haar syndrome (FTHS) is an autosomal-recessive disorder characterized by skeletal, cardio-vascular, and eye abnormalities, such as increased intraocular pressure, prominent eyes, and hypertelorism. The most common underlying genetic defect in Frank-Ter Haar syndrome appears to be due to mutations in the SH3PXD2B gene on chromosome 5q35.1. Until now, only six mutations in SH3PXD2B gene have been identified. A genetic heterogeneity of FTHS was suggested in previous studies...
July 7, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692163/pre-treatment-with-melatonin-protects-against-cyclophosphamide-induced-oxidative-stress-and-renal-damage-in-mice
#10
Mehdi Goudarzi, Mohammad Javad Khodayar, Seyed Mohammad Taghi Hosseini Tabatabaei, Habib Ghaznavi, Iman Fatemi, Saeed Mehrzadi
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is widely used in treatment of different cancers. Nephrotoxicity is one of the dose-limiting side effects of CP. This study was done to investigate the effect of melatonin (MEL) on CP-induced nephrotoxicity in mice. In this study, 50 Swiss albino mice (20-25 g) were randomly divided into five groups. Mice were pretreated with MEL intraperitoneally (i.p) in doses of 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg for 5 consecutive days and CP (200 mg/kg, i.p) was administrated on the 5(th) day 1 hour after the last dose of MEL...
July 10, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689664/global-regional-and-national-disease-burden-estimates-of-acute-lower-respiratory-infections-due-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-young-children-in-2015-a-systematic-review-and-modelling-study
#11
Ting Shi, David A McAllister, Katherine L O'Brien, Eric A F Simoes, Shabir A Madhi, Bradford D Gessner, Fernando P Polack, Evelyn Balsells, Sozinho Acacio, Claudia Aguayo, Issifou Alassani, Asad Ali, Martin Antonio, Shally Awasthi, Juliet O Awori, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Henry C Baggett, Vicky L Baillie, Angel Balmaseda, Alfredo Barahona, Sudha Basnet, Quique Bassat, Wilma Basualdo, Godfrey Bigogo, Louis Bont, Robert F Breiman, W Abdullah Brooks, Shobha Broor, Nigel Bruce, Dana Bruden, Philippe Buchy, Stuart Campbell, Phyllis Carosone-Link, Mandeep Chadha, James Chipeta, Monidarin Chou, Wilfrido Clara, Cheryl Cohen, Elizabeth de Cuellar, Duc-Anh Dang, Budragchaagiin Dash-Yandag, Maria Deloria-Knoll, Mukesh Dherani, Tekchheng Eap, Bernard E Ebruke, Marcela Echavarria, Carla Cecília de Freitas Lázaro Emediato, Rodrigo A Fasce, Daniel R Feikin, Luzhao Feng, Angela Gentile, Aubree Gordon, Doli Goswami, Sophie Goyet, Michelle Groome, Natasha Halasa, Siddhivinayak Hirve, Nusrat Homaira, Stephen R C Howie, Jorge Jara, Imane Jroundi, Cissy B Kartasasmita, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Karen L Kotloff, Anand Krishnan, Romina Libster, Olga Lopez, Marilla G Lucero, Florencia Lucion, Socorro P Lupisan, Debora N Marcone, John P McCracken, Mario Mejia, Jennifer C Moisi, Joel M Montgomery, David P Moore, Cinta Moraleda, Jocelyn Moyes, Patrick Munywoki, Kuswandewi Mutyara, Mark P Nicol, D James Nokes, Pagbajabyn Nymadawa, Maria Tereza da Costa Oliveira, Histoshi Oshitani, Nitin Pandey, Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà, Lia N Phillips, Valentina Sanchez Picot, Mustafizur Rahman, Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Zeba A Rasmussen, Barbara A Rath, Annick Robinson, Candice Romero, Graciela Russomando, Vahid Salimi, Pongpun Sawatwong, Nienke Scheltema, Brunhilde Schweiger, J Anthony G Scott, Phil Seidenberg, Kunling Shen, Rosalyn Singleton, Viviana Sotomayor, Tor A Strand, Agustinus Sutanto, Mariam Sylla, Milagritos D Tapia, Somsak Thamthitiwat, Elizabeth D Thomas, Rafal Tokarz, Claudia Turner, Marietjie Venter, Sunthareeya Waicharoen, Jianwei Wang, Wanitda Watthanaworawit, Lay-Myint Yoshida, Hongjie Yu, Heather J Zar, Harry Campbell, Harish Nair
BACKGROUND: We have previously estimated that respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was associated with 22% of all episodes of (severe) acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) resulting in 55 000 to 199 000 deaths in children younger than 5 years in 2005. In the past 5 years, major research activity on RSV has yielded substantial new data from developing countries. With a considerably expanded dataset from a large international collaboration, we aimed to estimate the global incidence, hospital admission rate, and mortality from RSV-ALRI episodes in young children in 2015...
July 6, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687788/first-integrative-trend-analysis-for-a-great-ape-species-in-borneo
#12
Truly Santika, Marc Ancrenaz, Kerrie A Wilson, Stephanie Spehar, Nicola Abram, Graham L Banes, Gail Campbell-Smith, Lisa Curran, Laura d'Arcy, Roberto A Delgado, Andi Erman, Benoit Goossens, Herlina Hartanto, Max Houghton, Simon J Husson, Hjalmar S Kühl, Isabelle Lackman, Ashley Leiman, Karmele Llano Sanchez, Niel Makinuddin, Andrew J Marshall, Ari Meididit, Kerrie Mengersen, Musnanda, Nardiyono, Anton Nurcahyo, Kisar Odom, Adventus Panda, Didik Prasetyo, Purnomo, Andjar Rafiastanto, Slamet Raharjo, Dessy Ratnasari, Anne E Russon, Adi H Santana, Eddy Santoso, Iman Sapari, Jamartin Sihite, Ahmat Suyoko, Albertus Tjiu, Sri Suci Utami-Atmoko, Carel P van Schaik, Maria Voigt, Jessie Wells, Serge A Wich, Erik P Willems, Erik Meijaard
For many threatened species the rate and drivers of population decline are difficult to assess accurately: species' surveys are typically restricted to small geographic areas, are conducted over short time periods, and employ a wide range of survey protocols. We addressed methodological challenges for assessing change in the abundance of an endangered species. We applied novel methods for integrating field and interview survey data for the critically endangered Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus), allowing a deeper understanding of the species' persistence through time...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687665/mutation-of-the-%C3%AE-tubulin-tuba1a-leads-to-straighter-microtubules-and-perturbs-neuronal-migration
#13
Richard Belvindrah, Kathiresan Natarajan, Preety Shabajee, Elodie Bruel-Jungerman, Jennifer Bernard, Marie Goutierre, Imane Moutkine, Xavier H Jaglin, Mythili Savariradjane, Theano Irinopoulou, Jean-Christophe Poncer, Carsten Janke, Fiona Francis
Brain development involves extensive migration of neurons. Microtubules (MTs) are key cellular effectors of neuronal displacement that are assembled from α/β-tubulin heterodimers. Mutation of the α-tubulin isotype TUBA1A is associated with cortical malformations in humans. In this study, we provide detailed in vivo and in vitro analyses of Tuba1a mutants. In mice carrying a Tuba1a missense mutation (S140G), neurons accumulate, and glial cells are dispersed along the rostral migratory stream in postnatal and adult brains...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684911/photothermal-therapy-of-melanoma-tumor-using-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes
#14
Zahra Sobhani, Mohammad Ali Behnam, Farzin Emami, Amirreza Dehghanian, Iman Jamhiri
Photothermal therapy (PTT) is a therapeutic method in which photon energy is transformed into heat rapidly via different operations to extirpate cancer. Nanoparticles, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have exceptional optical absorbance in visible and near infrared spectra. Therefore, they could be a good converter to induce hyperthermia in PTT technique. In our study, for improving the dispersibility of multiwalled CNTs in water, the CNTs were oxidized (O-CNTs) and then polyethylene glycol (PEG) was used for wrapping the surface of nanotubes...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679651/genome-wide-association-study-of-clinical-parameters-in-immunoglobulin-light-chain-amyloidosis-in-three-patient-cohorts
#15
Iman Meziane, Stefanie Huhn, Miguel Inacio da Silva Filho, Niels Weinhold, Chiara Campo, Jolanta Nickel, Per Hoffmann, Markus M Nöthen, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Stefano Landi, Jonathan S Mitchell, David Johnson, Anna Jauch, Gareth J Morgan, Richard Houlston, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Paolo Milani, Giampaolo Merlini, Dorota Rowcieno, Philip Hawkins, Ute Hegenbarth, Giovanni Palladini, Ashutosh Wechalekar, Asta Försti, Stefan O Schönland, Kari Hemminki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676098/noncontiguous-multi-tiered-spinal-tuberculosis-associated-with-sternal-localization-a-case-report
#16
Mariam Erraoui, Bouchra Amine, Latifa Tahiri, Imane El Binoune, Jihane Bahha, Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous spondylodiscitis is a frequent localization of tuberculosis. Multi-tiered involvement and an association with sternal localization are rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of multi-tiered tuberculous spondylodiscitis with sternal localization in an immunocompetent 41-year-old Arab woman who had inflammatory bilateral sciatica L5 and S1 and a history of low back pain caused by a trauma. Radiography, computed tomography, and a vertebral biopsy were useful for diagnosis...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673207/a-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-evaluation-of-the-size-of-the-sella-turcica-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#17
Maryam Paknahad, Shoaleh Shahidi, Iman Khaleghi
OBJECTIVE: Changes in the size of the sella turcica are frequently related to pathologies and syndromes. The aim of this was to compare the sella turcica dimensions in patients with unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate and non-cleft subjects. METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of three groups consisted of 20 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate; 20 patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate and a control group consisting of 20 non-cleft subjects were the research population in this pilot study...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659629/engineering-biodegradable-and-biocompatible-bio-ionic-liquid-conjugated-hydrogels-with-tunable-conductivity-and-mechanical-properties
#18
Iman Noshadi, Brian W Walker, Roberto Portillo-Lara, Ehsan Shirzaei Sani, Nayara Gomes, Mohammad Reza Aziziyan, Nasim Annabi
Conventional methods to engineer electroconductive hydrogels (ECHs) through the incorporation of conductive nanomaterials and polymers exhibit major technical limitations. These are mainly associated with the cytotoxicity, as well as poor solubility, processability, and biodegradability of their components. Here, we describe the engineering of a new class of ECHs through the functionalization of non-conductive polymers with a conductive choline-based bio-ionic liquid (Bio-IL). Bio-IL conjugated hydrogels exhibited a wide range of highly tunable physical properties, remarkable in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility, and high electrical conductivity without the need for additional conductive components...
June 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653662/cdk4-6-and-autophagy-inhibitors-synergistically-induce-senescence-in-rb-positive-cytoplasmic-cyclin-e-negative-cancers
#19
Smruthi Vijayaraghavan, Cansu Karakas, Iman Doostan, Xian Chen, Tuyen Bui, Min Yi, Akshara S Raghavendra, Yang Zhao, Sami I Bashour, Nuhad K Ibrahim, Meghan Karuturi, Jing Wang, Jeffrey D Winkler, Ravi K Amaravadi, Kelly K Hunt, Debu Tripathy, Khandan Keyomarsi
Deregulation of the cell cycle machinery is a hallmark of cancer. While CDK4/6 inhibitors are FDA approved (palbociclib) for treating advanced estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer, two major clinical challenges remain: (i) adverse events leading to therapy discontinuation and (ii) lack of reliable biomarkers. Here we report that breast cancer cells activate autophagy in response to palbociclib, and that the combination of autophagy and CDK4/6 inhibitors induces irreversible growth inhibition and senescence in vitro, and diminishes growth of cell line and patient-derived xenograft tumours in vivo...
June 27, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652811/structure-based-virtual-screening-and-molecular-docking-for-the-identification-of-potential-multi-targeted-inhibitors-against-breast-cancer
#20
Zeeshan Yousuf, Kanzal Iman, Nauman Iftikhar, Muhammad Usman Mirza
Breast cancer is characterized by an uncontrolled growth of cells in breast tissue. Genes that foster cell growth in breast cells are overexpressed, giving rise to breast tumors. The identification of effective inhibitors represents a rational chemopreventive strategy. The current in silico study provides a pharmacoinformatic approach for the identification of active compounds against a co-chaperone HSP90 and the human epidermal growth factor receptors EGFR and HER2/neu receptor. The elevated levels of expression of these target proteins have been documented in breast cancer...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
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