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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351404/type-2-diabetes-impairs-the-ability-of-skeletal-muscle-pericytes-to-augment-postischemic-neovascularization-in-db-db-mice
#1
Katherine L Hayes, Louis M Messina, Lawrence M Schwartz, Jinglian Yan, Amy S Burnside, Sarah Witkowski
Peripheral artery disease is an atherosclerotic occlusive disease that causes limb ischemia and has few effective non-interventional treatments. Stem cell therapy is promising, but concomitant diabetes may limit its effectiveness. We evaluated the therapeutic potential of skeletal muscle pericytes to augment postischemic neovascularization in wild type and type 2 diabetic (T2DM) mice. Wild type C57BL/6J and leptin receptor spontaneous mutation db/db T2DM mice underwent unilateral femoral artery excision to induce limb ischemia...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349708/cost-effectiveness-of-empagliflozin-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-at-increased-cardiovascular-risk-in-greece
#2
George Gourzoulidis, Charalampos Tzanetakos, Ioannis Ioannidis, Apostolos Tsapas, Georgia Kourlaba, Giannis Papageorgiou, Nikos Maniadakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is frequently associated with co-morbidities that exacerbate cardiovascular (CV) risk. CV disease is the leading cause of death in people with diabetes across the world and accounts for approximately half the deaths in the T2DM population. Hence, the objective of present study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of empagliflozin, in addition to standard of care (SoC), for the treatment of adult patients with T2DM and high CV risk in Greece...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349642/increased-serum-periostin-concentrations-are-associated-with-the-presence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Y Ding, Q Ge, H Qu, Z Feng, J Long, Q Wei, Q Zhou, R Wu, L Yao, H Deng
PURPOSE: To determine the association between serum periostin and the presence of diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: Serum periostin was detected in 114 healthy subjects, 122 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and 159 patients with DR and compared among groups. Clinical data and other laboratory measurements such as glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), lipid profiles, serum creatinine (Cr) and high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP) were also collected and compared among groups...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349623/the-association-between-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-hypertensive-disorders-in-t2dm-patients-a-case-control-study-in-the-han-chinese-population
#4
Yajing Han, Lihong Nie, Xiaohong Ye, Zixing Zhou, Shiqi Huang, Chengli Zeng, Congcong Guo, Meiling Ou, Di Xiao, Baohuan Zhang, Chuican Huang, Xingguang Ye, Chunxia Jing, Guang Yang
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major global health problem. The rate of infection with Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is more than one-third of the total world population. The effects of T. gondii infection on the risk of diabetic complications and comorbidities are unclear. This study aims to determine the relationship between T. gondii infection and complications of T2DM in the Han Chinese population. We collected 1580 blood samples from T2DM patients and measured the levels of specific IgG antibodies against T...
January 18, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347860/alteration-of-auditory-function-in-type-2-diabetic-and-pre-diabetic-patients
#5
Jin Li, Yi Zhang, Xinxing Fu, Jingtao Bi, Yanhong Li, Bo Liu, Luo Zhang
BACKGROUND: The association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hearing loss has not been fully investigated and there is little information on the effects of pre-diabetes on alterations in auditory function in Chinese subjects. METHODS: The study recruited 51 patients with T2DM, 55 patients with pre-diabetes and 43 control subjects. Auditory function was assessed by pure tone audiometry (PTA) tests and distortion product of otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs)...
January 18, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347857/mulberry-leaves-and-their-potential-effects-against-cardiometabolic-risks-a-review-of-chemical-compositions-biological-properties-and-clinical-efficacy
#6
Thanchanit Thaipitakwong, Surawej Numhom, Pornanong Aramwit
CONTEXT: Cardiometabolic risks are regarded as the crucial factors associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Regarding an increased attention to medicinal plants in the current healthcare system, the effects of mulberry (Morus spp., Moraceae) leaves on cardiometabolic risks have been consecutively considered in scientific research. OBJECTIVE: The present review compiles and summarizes the chemical compositions, biological properties and clinical efficacy of mulberry leaves that are related to the amelioration of cardiometabolic risks...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345498/effects-of-blueberry-and-cranberry-consumption-on-type-2-diabetes-glycemic-control-a-systematic-review
#7
Dmup Rocha, Aps Caldas, Bp da Silva, Hh Hermsdorff, Rcg Alfenas
The metabolic effects of cranberry and blueberry consumption on glycemic control have been evaluated in vitro and in animal models as well as in human studies, although findings have not been systematically reviewed yet. Therefore, a systematic review was carried out of relevant randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in order to assess the effect of berries (blueberry and cranberry) consumption on type 2 diabetes (T2DM) glycemic control. Some evidences were also discussed on the anti-diabetic mechanisms exerted by berries polyphenols...
January 18, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345402/association-of-long-term-glycaemic-control-on-tear-break-up-times-and-dry-eye-symptoms-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Andre Ma, Martin Sy Mak, Kendrick Co Shih, Claudia Ky Tsui, Rachel Ky Cheung, Sherman Haynam Lee, Hubert Leung, Joyce Ns Leung, Jason Th Leung, Marco Zhenji Van-Boswell, Michael Tl Wong, Alex Lap-Ki Ng, Chi-Ho Lee, Vishal Jhanji, Louis Tong
Importance Diabetes mellitus is known to be associated with dry eye syndrome (DES), but the effects of long term glycaemic control on tear film metrics and dry eye symptoms are not known in the Chinese population. BACKGROUND: To evaluate tear film stability and dry eye symptoms and their associations with systemic risk factors in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) Design Cross-sectional study set at the Lo Fong Siu Po Eye Centre (Grantham Hospital), Hong Kong.
January 18, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345109/effectiveness-of-smartphone-technologies-on-glycaemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-17-trials
#9
REVIEW
I X Y Wu, J C Y Kee, D E Threapleton, R Ma, V C K Lam, E K P Lee, S Y S Wong, V C H Chung
Patient education and behavioural interventions for self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are effective but place demands on manpower resources. This systematic review aimed to investigate the effectiveness of smartphone technologies (STs) for improving glycaemic control among T2DM patients. CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and ScienceDirect were searched through December 2016. Randomized controlled trials comparing STs with usual diabetes care among T2DM patients and reporting change in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level were included...
January 17, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344438/new-therapeutic-approaches-in-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-associated-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Fatima Saleem, Syed W Rizvi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a pathophysiological disorder affecting reproductive and metabolic indices. PCOS is commonly associated with a high prevalence of insulin resistance and obesity; this association carries an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and cardiovascular disease. Guidelines recommend lifestyle modification, metformin, hormonal contraceptives (HCs), and bariatric surgery as the main treatment options in obese patients with PCOS. Studies are being conducted to test the efficacy of existing treatment options as well as to discover new therapies...
November 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344336/treating-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#11
REVIEW
Elizabeth P Mills, K Paige D Brown, Jennifer D Smith, Phillip W Vang, Katie Trotta
Objective: To review current literature for the efficacy and safety of treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Data sources: A PubMed literature search from January 1990 to June 2017 was conducted using the search terms nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes mellitus, type 2, therapy, treatment, treat, therapeutics, nonalcoholic fatty liver, nonalcoholic hepatosteatosis, NASH, NAFLD, metformin, and statin...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344335/glycemic-control-among-primary-care-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#12
Mahmoud Radwan, Aymen Elsous, Hasnaa Al-Sharif, Ayman Abu Mustafa
Aim: In this study, we aimed to assess the level of good glycemic control, to determine association between adherence to antidiabetic medications and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and to examine factors influencing good glycemic control. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional design was employed among 369 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from four Ministry of Health health centers in 2016. A sample of 3 ml blood was taken to measure the HbA1c, and patients were asked to fill out a pretested questionnaire...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343820/increased-left-ventricular-mass-index-is-present-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-without-ischemic-heart-disease
#13
Jelena P Seferovic, Milorad Tesic, Petar M Seferovic, Katarina Lalic, Aleksandra Jotic, Tor Biering-Sørensen, Vojislav Giga, Sanja Stankovic, Natasa Milic, Ljiljana Lukic, Tanja Milicic, Marija Macesic, Jelena Stanarcic Gajovic, Nebojsa M Lalic
Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) increase has been described in hypertension (HTN), but less is known about its association with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). As these conditions frequently co-exist, we investigated the association of T2DM, HTN and both with echocardiographic parameters, and hypothesized that patients with both had highest LVMI, followed by patients with only T2DM or HTN. Study population included 101 T2DM patients, 62 patients with HTN and no T2DM, and 76 patients with T2DM and HTN, excluded for ischemic heart disease...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343776/critical-shear-stress-is-associated-with-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Seung Min Chung, Jung Hyun Oh, Jun Sung Moon, Yu Kyung Kim, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, Hyoung Woo Lee
Critical shear stress (CSS, mPa) is an index of red blood cell (RBC) aggregability, defined as the minimal shear stress required to disperse RBC aggregates. This study aimed to investigate the association between CSS and the risk of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). A total of 421 (mean age, 58.1 ± 11.5 years; male, 250) individuals with T2DM were enrolled and divided into three groups according to CSS level. CSS was measured using a transient microfluidic technique. DKD was defined as a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <60 ml/min/1...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343301/circulating-pcsk9-levels-and-2-hpg-are-positively-correlated-in-metabolic-diseases-in-a-chinese-han-population
#15
Wen Guo, Yingyun Gong, Yong Gu, Zhenzhen Fu, Hongqi Fan, Beibei Gao, Xiaohui Zhu, Jinxiang Fu, Yang Zhao, Min Sun, Xing Liu, Xian-Cheng Jiang, Tao Yang, Hongwen Zhou
BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), which plays a crucial role in lipoprotein metabolism, has been also regarded as an important marker for atherosclerosis. Available evidence indicated that 2-h postchallenge plasma glucose (2-hPG) could be another biomarker for atherosclerosis. However, currently the association between circulating PCSK9 and 2-hPG remains unclear. Here, we explored this potential link in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: Totally, 600 Chinese Han subjects from Nanjing district, China, were enrolled for the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and they included normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n = 200), impaired glucose regulation (IGR, n = 200), and type 2 diabetes (T2DM, n = 200)...
January 17, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342321/contributions-of-material-properties-and-structure-to-increased-bone-fragility-for-a-given-bone-mass-in-the-ucd-t2dm-rat-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#16
Claire Acevedo, Meghan Sylvia, Eric Schaible, James L Graham, Kimber L Stanhope, Lionel N Metz, Bernd Gludovatz, Ann V Schwartz, Robert O Ritchie, Tamara N Alliston, Peter J Havel, Aaron J Fields
Adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have a higher fracture risk for a given bone quantity, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Using a rat model of polygenic obese T2D, we demonstrate that diabetes significantly reduces whole-bone strength for a given bone mass (micro-CT-derived BMC), and we quantify the roles of T2D-induced deficits in material properties versus bone structure, i.e., geometry and microarchitecture. Lumbar vertebrae and ulnae were harvested from 6-month-old lean Sprague-Dawley rats, obese Sprague-Dawley rats, and diabetic obese UCD-T2DM rats (diabetic for 69 ± 7 days; blood glucose >200 mg/dl)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342295/empagliflozin-treatment-is-associated-with-improved-beta-cell-function-in-t2dm
#17
Hussein Al Jobori, Giuseppe Daniele, John Adams, Eugenio Cersosimo, Carolina Solis-Herrera, Curtis Triplitt, Ralph A DeFronzo, Muhammad Abdul-Ghani
Objective: To examine whether lowering the plasma glucose concentration with empagliflozin (SGLT2 inhibitor) improves beta cell function in T2DM. Research Design and Methods: 15 T2DM patients received empagliflozin (25 mg/day) for 2 weeks, and beta cell function was measured with 9-step hyperglycemic clamp (each step = +40 mg/dl) before and 48 hours and 14 days after empagliflozin. Results: Empagliflozin caused 101±10 and 117±11 grams glucosuria on days 1 and 14 and produced 25±6 and 38±8 mg/dl reduction (p<0...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342257/trajectories-of-alcohol-consumption-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes-a-longitudinal-case-cohort-study
#18
Craig S Knott, Annie Britton, Steven Bell
Background: Non-linear associations have been reported between baseline measures of alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, given that drinking varies over the adult life course, we investigated whether differences existed in the longitudinal trajectory of alcohol consumption according to T2DM status. Methods: For a case-cohort (916 incident cases; 7376 controls) of British civil servants nested within the Whitehall II cohort, the self-reported weekly volume of alcohol consumption was traced backwards from the date of diagnosis or censoring to the beginning of the study, covering a period of up to 28 years...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341487/identification-of-stress-related-microrna-biomarkers-in-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Yingzhi Liang, Li Jiajianghui, Huanbo Xiao, Yan He, Ling Zhang, Yuxiang Yan
BACKGROUND: Many studies have investigated miRNAs in the detection of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Here, the dysregulated direction of stress-related miRNAs that used as biomarkers of T2DM was summarized and analyzed. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, ISI web of science and three Chinese databases were searched for case-control miRNA profiling studies about T2DM. A meta-analysis under a random effect was performed. Subgroup analysis was conducted based on different tissues and species, respectively...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341461/effect-of-immediate-and-prolonged-glp-1-receptor-agonist-administration-on-uric-acid-and-its-kidney-clearance-post-hoc-analyses-of-four-clinical-trials
#20
Lennart Tonneijck, Marcel H A Muskiet, Mark M Smits, Petter Bjornstad, Mark H H Kramer, Michaela Diamant, Ewout J Hoorn, Jaap A Joles, Daniël H van Raalte
AIMS: To determine effects of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonists (RA) on uric acid (UA)-levels and kidney UA-clearance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Post-hoc analyses of four controlled clinical trials, which assessed actions of GLP-1RA-administration on kidney physiology. Immediate effects of GLP-1RA exenatide-infusion versus placebo was determined in 9 healthy overweight males (Study-A) and in 52 overweight T2DM-patients (Study-B). Effects were also examined of 12-week long-acting GLP-1RA liraglutide versus placebo in 36 overweight T2DM-patients (Study-C) and of 8-week short-acting GLP-1RA lixisenatide versus once-daily titrated insulin-glulisine in 35 overweight T2DM-patients (Study-D)...
January 17, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
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