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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876245/perioperative-medicine-and-taiwan-national-health-insurance-research-database
#1
REVIEW
C C Chang, C C Liao, T L Chen
"Big data", characterized by 'volume', 'velocity', 'variety', and 'veracity', being routinely collected in huge amounts of clinical and administrative healthcare-related data are becoming common and generating promising viewpoints for a better understanding of the complexity for medical situations. Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), one of large and comprehensive nationwide population reimbursement databases in the world, provides the strength of sample size avoiding selection and participation bias...
November 18, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858780/prevalence-of-torture-and-other-warrelated-traumatic-events-in-forced-migrants-a-systematic-review
#2
Erika Sigvardsdotter, Marjan Vaez, Ann-Marie Rydholm Hedman, Fredrik Saboonchi
AIM: To describe and appraise the research literature reporting prevalence of torture and/or war-related potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs) in adult forced migrants living in high-income countries. METHODS: A search for peer-reviewed articles in English was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, PILOTS, key journals, and reference lists. Studies based on clinical samples and samples where less than half of participants were forced migrants were excluded. Data was extracted and a methodological quality appraisal was performed...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857003/mental-health-interventions-and-priorities-for-research-for-adult-survivors-of-torture-and-systematic-violence-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
William M Weiss, Ana M Ugueto, Zayan Mahmooth, Laura K Murray, Brian J Hall, Maya Nadison, Andrew Rasmussen, Jennifer S Lee, Andrea Vazzano, Judy Bass, Paul Bolton
This research describes the development and findings of a literature review and analysis meant to inform the international torture and trauma treatment community. The review focuses on interventions that have been used among populations affected by torture, based on a review of journals indexed in commonly used search engines. Work on the review began in September 2008 and continued to be updated until March 2014. In total, 88 studies of interventions for torture victims were identified. Studies ranged from randomized controlled trials utilizing evidence-based treatments to case studies employing non-structured, supportive therapies...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853666/outcome-instruments-in-spinal-trauma-surgery-a-bibliometric-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Holt S Cutler, Javier Z Guzman, James Connolly, Motasem Al Maaieh, Branko Skovrlj, Samuel K Cho
Study Design Literature review. Objective To identify outcomes instruments used in spinal trauma surgery over the past decade, their frequency of use, and usage trends. Methods Five top orthopedic journals were reviewed from 2004 to 2013 for clinical studies of surgical intervention in spinal trauma that reported patient-reported outcome instruments use or neurologic function scale use. Publication year, level of evidence (LOE), and outcome instruments were collected for each article and analyzed. Results A total of 58 studies were identified...
December 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836200/ptsd-in-court-i-introducing-ptsd-for-court
#5
Gerald Young
The first part of the series of three articles on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Court to appear in the journal reviews the history of the construct of PTSD and its presentation in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and the ICD-11 (International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition; World Health Organization, 2018). There are 20 symptoms of PTSD in the DSM-5. PTSD symptoms are arranged into a four-cluster model, which has received partial support in the literature...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821600/study-protocol-for-a-framework-analysis-using-video-review-to-identify-latent-safety-threats-trauma-resuscitation-using-in-situ-simulation-team-training-trust
#6
Mark Fan, Andrew Petrosoniak, Sonia Pinkney, Christopher Hicks, Kari White, Ana Paula Siquiera Silva Almeida, Douglas Campbell, Melissa McGowan, Alice Gray, Patricia Trbovich
INTRODUCTION: Errors in trauma resuscitation are common and have been attributed to breakdowns in the coordination of system elements (eg, tools/technology, physical environment and layout, individual skills/knowledge, team interaction). These breakdowns are triggered by unique circumstances and may go unrecognised by trauma team members or hospital administrators; they can be described as latent safety threats (LSTs). Retrospective approaches to identifying LSTs (ie, after they occur) are likely to be incomplete and prone to bias...
November 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807121/how-many-orthopaedic-surgeons-does-it-take-to-write-a-manuscript-a-vignette-based-discussion-of-authorship-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Julie Agel, Thomas A DeCoster, Marc F Swiontkowski, Craig S Roberts
The issue of appropriate authorship designation continues to be a topic of importance because authorship of scholarly work plays an important role in the academic community. It is a recognition of an individual's scholarly work and a factor in academic promotion. The Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) sponsored a minisymposium in 2014 to encourage discussion of the issues that arise in authorship decisions. A residency program director/department chair, a journal editor, a clinical trials coordinator, and a promotions committee member provided viewpoints...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805715/fetal-abduction-comparison-of-two-cases
#8
Ann W Burgess, Maeghan A Dillon, Kellie Y Chiou, Savannah B Hulsopple
The current article compares two cases involving the murders of two pregnant mothers for the kidnapping of their fetuses. The structure of the crimes includes seven steps. Both mothers were befriended by their killers (one before and one on the day of the murder and abduction), rendered unconscious by blunt force trauma, and then killed (one by strangulation and one by gunshot). Both bodies were moved after the murders and hidden, and later discovered by the circumstances of the babies' births: crude cesarean section operations...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790530/a-randomized-controlled-study-to-compare-conventional-and-evidence-based-treatment-protocols-in-fresh-compound-fractures
#9
Kanika Mahajan, Vikas Verma, Girish Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar, Sachin Avasthi
INTRODUCTION: A recent concept review in Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS) outlines evidence to control peri-operative infections in compound fractures. However, evidence for impact of adopting a protocol combining measures that have some evidence is lacking in literature. The present method of treatment at King George's Medical University (KGMU) is representative of the conventional practice of managing compound fractures in India and is an appropriate control for trial against the Experimental Evidence Based Protocol (EBP)...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779559/traumatic-proliferative-vitreoretinopathy-clinical-and-histopathological-observations
#10
Ying Jin, Huijin Chen, Xiaojian Xu, Yuntao Hu, Changguan Wang, Zhizhong Ma
PURPOSE: To determine the phases of traumatic proliferative vitreoretinopathy after open globe injury by assessing cellular components, extracellular matrix constituents of proliferative vitreoretinopathy membranes, and intraretinal changes over time. METHODS: Twenty-one epiretinal and/or subretinal membrane specimens were obtained from 21 patients with open globe injuries. The patients were divided into Groups A (≤28 days), B (29-120 days), and C (>120 days) according to the interval between injury and vitrectomy...
October 21, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760454/bisphosphonate-therapy-for-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#11
REVIEW
Kerry Dwan, Carrie A Phillipi, Robert D Steiner, Donald Basel
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta is caused by a genetic defect resulting in an abnormal type I collagen bone matrix which typically results in multiple fractures with little or no trauma. Bisphosphonates are used in an attempt to increase bone mineral density and reduce these fractures in people with osteogenesis imperfecta. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane Review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of bisphosphonates in increasing bone mineral density, reducing fractures and improving clinical function in people with osteogenesis imperfecta...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759442/evidence-base-update-for-psychosocial-treatments-for-children-and-adolescents-exposed-to-traumatic-events
#12
Shannon Dorsey, Katie A McLaughlin, Suzanne E U Kerns, Julie P Harrison, Hilary K Lambert, Ernestine C Briggs, Julia Revillion Cox, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Child and adolescent trauma exposure is prevalent, with trauma exposure-related symptoms, including posttraumatic stress, depressive, and anxiety symptoms often causing substantial impairment. This article updates the evidence base on psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent trauma exposure completed for this journal by Silverman et al. (2008). For this review, we focus on 37 studies conducted during the seven years since the last review. Treatments are grouped by overall treatment family (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy), treatment modality (e...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750470/controls-can-t-be-ignored
#13
W Frank Peacock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740903/volume-17-reviewers-for-the-journal-of-trauma-dissociation
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735787/the-ankle-injury-management-aim-trial-a-pragmatic-multicentre-equivalence-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-comparing-close-contact-casting-with-open-surgical-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-unstable-ankle-fractures-in
#15
David J Keene, Dipesh Mistry, Julian Nam, Elizabeth Tutton, Robert Handley, Lesley Morgan, Emma Roberts, Bridget Gray, Andrew Briggs, Ranjit Lall, Tim Js Chesser, Ian Pallister, Sarah E Lamb, Keith Willett
BACKGROUND: Close contact casting (CCC) may offer an alternative to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) surgery for unstable ankle fractures in older adults. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to (1) determine if CCC for unstable ankle fractures in adults aged over 60 years resulted in equivalent clinical outcome compared with ORIF, (2) estimate cost-effectiveness to the NHS and society and (3) explore participant experiences. DESIGN: A pragmatic, multicentre, equivalence randomised controlled trial incorporating health economic evaluation and qualitative study...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732015/-meta-analysis-of-dropout-in-treatments-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-correction-to-imel-et-al-2013
#16
(no author information available yet)
: Reports an error in "Meta-analysis of dropout in treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder" by Zac E. Imel, Kevin Laska, Matthew Jakupcak and Tracy L. Simpson (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2013[Jun], Vol 81[3], 394-404). There are two errors in the Results section. Each is described alongside the corrected results. Corrections did not influence interpretation of the results. Neither the magnitude of effects nor statistical significance of any results is substantively altered...
September 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699461/the-use-of-integra-dermal-regeneration-template-versus-flaps-for-reconstruction-of-full-thickness-scalp-defects-involving-the-calvaria-a-cost-benefit-analysis
#17
M Schiavon, M Francescon, D Drigo, G Salloum, R Baraziol, J Tesei, E Fraccalanza, F Barbone
BACKGROUND: INTEGRA(®) Dermal Regeneration Template is a well-known and widely used acellular dermal matrix. Although it helps to solve many challenging problems in reconstructive surgery, the product cost may make it an expensive alternative compared to other reconstruction procedures. This retrospective study aims at comparing INTEGRA-based treatment to flap surgery in terms of cost and benefit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We considered only patients treated for scalp defects with bone exposure in order to obtain two groups as homogeneous as possible...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637770/functional-electrical-stimulation-cycling-does-not-improve-mobility-in-people-with-acquired-brain-injury-and-its-effects-on-strength-are-unclear-a-randomised-trial
#18
Davide G de Sousa, Lisa A Harvey, Simone Dorsch, Joan Leung, Whitney Harris
QUESTION: Does 4 weeks of active functional electrical stimulation (FES) cycling in addition to usual care improve mobility and strength more than usual care alone in people with a sub-acute acquired brain injury caused by stroke or trauma? DESIGN: Multi centre, randomised, controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients from three Sydney hospitals with recently acquired brain injury and a mean composite strength score in the affected lower limb of 7 (SD 5) out of 20 points...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626016/pre-hospital-emergency-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Fatemeh Ghardashi, Ahmad Reza Izadi, Ramin Ravangard, Sedigheh Mirhashemi, Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini
CONTEXT: Pre-hospital care plays a vital role in saving trauma patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review studies conducted on the pre-hospital emergency status in Iran. DATA SOURCES: Data were sourced from Iranian electronic databases, including SID, IranMedex, IranDoc, Magiran, and non-Iranian electronic databases, such as Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Google Scholar. In addition, available data and statistics for the country were used...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623979/why-do-women-stop-breast-feeding-results-from-a-contemporary-prospective-study-in-a-cohort-of-australian-women
#20
R M Newby, P S W Davies
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Australian guidelines recommend infants be breast-fed for at least their first year of life; however, for a variety of reasons many mothers cease breast-feeding before this age. The objective of this study was to determine the reasons why women stop breast-feeding their infant completely, in relation to the age of the infant. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Primiparous Australian women aged between 18 and 40 years underwent a self-administered questionnaire-based birth cohort study on infant-feeding attitudes, behaviours and feeding patterns...
September 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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