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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220660/sarcoma-survivors-perspectives-on-their-body-image-and-functional-quality-of-life-post-resection-limb-salvage-surgery
#1
Myra F Taylor, Julie A Pooley
Sarcomas often occur in patients' extremities and treatment typically involves bone resection/limb salvage surgery. Such treatments leave survivors with physical disfigurements, functional disabilities, and/or emotional traumas. Our post-surgery psychological intervention investigated how these experiences impinge on sarcoma survivors' lives. Twenty-three survivors aged 19-60 years (M = 36 years) participated in a tri-disciplinary (rehabilitative exercise, plastic surgery and psychological) intervention...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179161/electrospun-nanofiber-sheets-incorporating-methylcobalamin-promote-nerve-regeneration-and-functional-recovery-in-a-rat-sciatic-nerve-crush-injury-model
#2
Koji Suzuki, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Mitsuhiro Ebara, Koichiro Uto, Hozo Matsuoka, Shunsuke Nishimoto, Kiyoshi Okada, Tsuyoshi Murase, Hideki Yoshikawa
: Peripheral nerve injury is one of common traumas. Although injured peripheral nerves have the capacity to regenerate, axon regeneration proceeds slowly and functional outcomes are often poor. Pharmacological enhancement of regeneration can play an important role in increasing functional recovery. In this study, we developed a novel electrospun nanofiber sheet incorporating methylcobalamin (MeCbl), one of the active forms of vitamin B12 homologues, to deliver it enough locally to the peripheral nerve injury site...
February 4, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166166/panamerican-trauma-society-the-first-three-decades
#3
Rao R Ivatury, Michel Aboutanos
Panamerican Trauma Society was born 30 years ago with the mission of improving trauma care in the Americas by exchange of ideas and concepts and expanding knowledge of trauma and acute illness. The authors, immediate-past leaders of the organization, review the evolution of this assembly of diverse cultures and nationalities.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153932/parental-engagement-and-early-interactions-with-preterm-infants-during-the-stay-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-protocol-of-a-mixed-method-and-longitudinal-study
#4
Alberto Stefana, Manuela Lavelli
INTRODUCTION: The preterm infants' developmental outcomes depend on biological and environmental risk factors. The environmental factors include prolonged parental separation, less exposure to early mother/father-infant interactions and the parents' ability to respond to the trauma of premature birth. In the case of premature birth, the father's ability to take an active part in the care of the infant from the start is essential. The parents' emotional closeness to the preterm infant hospitalised in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may be crucial to the well-being of the newborn, the development of mutual regulation, the establishment of a functioning parent-infant affective relationship and the parents' confidence in their ability to provide care for their baby...
February 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135694/the-mental-health-of-indigenous-peoples-in-canada-a-critical-review-of-research
#5
REVIEW
Sarah E Nelson, Kathi Wilson
Many scholars assert that Indigenous peoples across the globe suffer a disproportionate burden of mental illness. Research indicates that colonialism and its associated processes are important determinants of Indigenous peoples' health internationally. In Canada, despite an abundance of health research documenting inequalities in morbidity and mortality rates for Indigenous peoples, relatively little research has focused on mental health. This paper provides a critical scoping review of the literature related to Indigenous mental health in Canada...
March 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125389/the-impact-of-trauma-care-systems-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
Teri A Reynolds, Barclay Stewart, Isobel Drewett, Stacy Salerno, Hendry Sawe, Tamitza Toroyan, Charles Mock
Injury is a leading cause of death globally, and organized trauma care systems have been shown to save lives. However, even though most injuries occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), most trauma care research comes from high-income countries where systems have been implemented with few resource constraints. Little context-relevant guidance exists to help policy makers set priorities in LMICs, where resources are limited and where trauma care may be implemented in distinct ways. We have aimed to review the evidence on the impact of trauma care systems in LMICs through a systematic search of 11 databases...
January 11, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112784/update-on-distal-radius-fractures
#7
Adam E M Eltorai, Andrew D Sobel, Nathan P Thomas, Alan H Daniels, Christopher T Born
This article discusses recent reports on distal radius fractures. The keyword "distal radius fracture" was used to query the PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine. From the resulting list, articles published in the Journal of Hand Surgery (American Volume), the Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume), and the Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma from April 2014 through December 2015 were reviewed. Related commentaries were also evaluated. Case series of fewer than 5 patients were excluded. The 65 studies and commentaries identified are categorized and summarized...
January 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092286/childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-and-the-associations-with-risk-behavior-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#8
Eleanor Kennedy, Miriam Cohen, Marcus Munafò
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence that childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with risk behavior in adolescence and young adulthood. Risk behavior included one or more of the following: use of substances, including alcohol, tobacco, and illicit substances; involvement in criminal behavior; and behavioral issues with conduct. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using these terms: child, pediatric, traumatic brain injury, head injury, adolescent, psychosocial, antisocial, conduct, substance use...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079758/concussion-in-ice-hockey-current-gaps-and-future-directions-in-an-objective-diagnosis
#9
Aynsley M Smith, Michael J Stuart, William O Roberts, David W Dodick, Jonathan T Finnoff, Janelle K Jorgensen, David A Krause
OBJECTIVE: This review provides an update on sport-related concussion (SRC) in ice hockey and makes a case for changes in clinical concussion evaluation. Standard practice should require that concussions be objectively diagnosed and provide quantitative measures of the concussion injury that will serve as a platform for future evidence-based treatment. METHODS: The literature was surveyed to address several concussion-related topics: research in ice hockey-related head trauma, current subjective diagnosis, promising components of an objective diagnosis, and current and potential treatments...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079698/pediatric-hand-surgery-in-global-health-the-role-for-international-outreach
#10
Karen Y Chung, Amanda Hanemaayer, Dan Poenaru
PURPOSE: There is emerging interest in hand surgery and global health. This was emphasized at the 2015 presidential address at the American Society for Surgery of Hand. Children are prioritized because of their increased risk for trauma and higher potential for better outcomes. This study aims to identify how hand surgical volunteer programs can benefit the pediatric hand surgical landscape in global health. There has been no literature review to date. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved review systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, African Journal Online, and the Journal of Hand Surgery...
February 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078986/cultivating-a-trauma-awareness-culture-in-the-addictions
#11
Evdokia Missouridou
BACKGROUND: Research evidence points to the high prevalence of trauma exposure and post traumatic stress among addicted individuals, their families and the professionals responsible for their treatment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to enhance understanding of the continuing effects of trauma and its impact on the lives of people with addiction problems as well as on the professionals who strive to provide support and care for them. METHOD: Review of twenty eight articles on traumatic experiences in individuals and families facing addiction problems as well as on traumatic stress in addiction professionals...
January 10, 2017: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054202/best-one-hundred-papers-of-international-orthopaedics-a-bibliometric-analysis
#12
Andreas F Mavrogenis, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Georgios N Panagopoulos, Cyril Mauffrey, Andrew Quaile, Marius M Scarlat
INTRODUCTION: International Orthopaedics was founded in 1977. Within the 40 volumes and 247 issues since its launch, 5462 scientific articles have been published. This article identifies, analyses and categorises the best cited articles published by the journal to date. METHODS: We searched Elsevier Scopus database for citations of all papers published in International Orthopaedics since its foundation. Source title was selected, and the journal's title was introduced in the search engine...
January 4, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039683/injury-epidemiology-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#13
Saber Azami-Aghdash, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Hosein Shabaninejad, Hassan Abolghasem Gorji
BACKGROUND: Injuries are the second greatest cause of mortality in Iran. Information about the epidemiological pattern of injuries is effective in decision-making. In this regard, the aim of the current study is to elaborate on the epidemiology of injuries in Iran through a systematic review. METHODS: Required data were collected searching the following key words and their Persian equivalents; trauma, injury, accident, epidemiology, prevalence, pattern, etiology, risk factors and Iran...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035446/chronic-expanding-hematoma-following-abdominoplasty
#14
Sayo Tatsuta, Daichi Morioka, Naoki Murakami, Fumio Ohkubo
Chronic expanding hematoma (CEH) is a relatively rare complication of trauma or surgery. We report a patient with CEH as a late complication of abdominoplasty. A 58-year-old woman underwent conventional abdominoplasty and thereafter refused to use a compression binder, citing discomfort. One month postoperatively, she presented with a gradually enlarging, painful abdominal mass. The results of ultrasonography and computed tomography were highly suspicious for CEH. The lesion was completely removed, together with surrounding fibrous tissue...
December 29, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033047/top-100-cited-foot-and-ankle-related-articles
#15
Patrick A DeHeer, William Adams, Faye-Rose Grebenyuk, Eric Meshulam, Kory Miskin, Tiffany Truong Koch, Corey Groh
BACKGROUND: Article citations are a well-accepted method of evaluating the influence or impact of a particular article. Other medical specialties have published the top cited articles in their specialty. To date, an analysis of the foot and ankle podiatric medicine-related article citation method has not been published. METHODS: Three citation indices were used on October 10, 2014, February 20, 2015, and May 1, 2015, to determine the top 100 cited foot and ankle-related articles...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029446/quality-of-information-about-maxillofacial-trauma-on-the-internet
#16
D M McGoldrick, P Kielty, C Cotter
Patients increasingly search the Internet for information about health and potential treatments, but the content and accuracy of some websites are questionable. To evaluate the quality of information on maxillofacial trauma, we searched for the terms "jaw fracture" and "cheekbone fracture" on Google, Yahoo, and Bing. We assessed the first 10 results of each search and excluded duplicates or those that were unrelated. We then used the DISCERN tool and the JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) benchmarks to assess those that remained...
February 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008458/columellar-scar-perception-in-open-rhinoplasty-interplay-of-scar-awareness-body-cathexis-and-patient-satisfaction
#17
Çağlayan Yağmur, Sertaç Ak, Murat Sinan Engin, Nuh Evin, Osman Kelahmetoğlu, Hayati Akbaş, Ahmet Demir
INTRODUCTION: Open and closed approaches for rhinoplasty have individual advantages and disadvantages; however, the resultant columellar scar of the open approach is directly considered as a disadvantage. This study focuses on the columellar scar awareness and its implications on overall satisfaction of the patients after open rhinoplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 91 patients who have undergone open rhinoplasty were included in this study. A written questionnaire algorithm consisting of 4 sequential questions was applied...
December 23, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992887/post-war-research-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-part-i-research-before-1989
#18
REVIEW
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper presents the post-war history of post-traumatic research conducted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University and the analysis of the main research approaches and selected publications. The time after World War II passed in Poland in two directions: coping with the finished war trauma and simultaneously the experience of communist persecution trauma. First scientific publications appeared in the fifties and were focused on the research of former concentration camps prisoners (KZ-Syndrome)...
October 31, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977498/evaluation-of-pediatric-questions-on-the-orthopaedic-in-training-examination-an-update
#19
Robert F Murphy, Leah Nunez, William R Barfield, James F Mooney
BACKGROUND: Pediatric orthopaedics is tested frequently on the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE). The most recent data on the pediatrics section of the OITE were generated from content 10 years old. The purpose of this study is to assess the pediatric orthopaedic questions on the 2011 to 2014 OITE, and to compare question categories and cognitive taxonomy with previous data. METHODS: Four years (2011 to 2014) of OITE questions, answers, and references were reviewed...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941573/in-flight-injuries-involving-children-on-commercial-airline-flights
#20
Paulo M Alves, Neil Nerwich, Alexandre T Rotta
BACKGROUND: More than 3 billion passengers are transported every year on commercial airline flights worldwide, many of whom are children. The incidence of in-flight medical events (IFMEs) affecting children is largely unknown. This study seeks to characterize pediatric IFMEs, with particular focus on in-flight injuries (IFIs). METHODS: We reviewed the records of all IFMEs from January 2009 to January 2014 involving children treated in consultation with a ground-based medical support center providing medical support to commercial airlines...
December 9, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
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