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Pediatric, newborn, neonate? Infant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906195/congenital-hypothyroidism-with-delayed-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-elevation-in-premature-infants-born-at-less-than-30-weeks-gestation
#1
D C Kaluarachchi, T T Colaizy, L M Pesce, M Tansey, J M Klein
OBJECTIVE: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) with delayed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) elevation is a common form of thyroid dysfunction among premature infants. Routine newborn screening (NBS) may miss infants with CH with delayed TSH elevation. The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence of CH with delayed TSH elevation in premature infants and to identify associated risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of serum thyroid function screening (TFS) at day of life 30 in premature infants <30 weeks gestation, admitted to University of Iowa Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882741/bacteremia-induced-by-bifidobacterium-breve-in-a-newborn-with-cloacal-exstrophy
#2
Shinichi Sato, Toshihiko Uchida, Shota Kuwana, Kazuto Sasaki, Tatsuya Watanabe, Junko Saito, Takahiro Kawaji
Bifidobacterium breve is an effective probiotic agent used in the field of neonatology. Although B. breve has been considered safe, a case of B. breve bacteremia has been reported. The pathogenic mechanism underlying the bacteremia is unknown. Herein, we report a second case of B. breve bacteremia that developed in a neonate with multiple abdominal organ anomalies. Following surgical repair immediately after birth, B. breve treatment was started. After 1 week, the infant developed B. breve bacteremia following the onset of adhesive ileus...
November 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852818/parents-acute-illnesses-hospitalizations-and-medication-changes-during-the-difficult-first-year-after-infant-or-child-nicu-picu-death
#3
Dorothy Brooten, JoAnne M Youngblut, Carmen Caicedo, Teresa Del Moral, G Patricia Cantwell, Balagangadhar Totapally
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infant/child death is described as a most stressful life event; however, there are few reports of effects on parent physical health during the first year after the death. The study's purpose is to examine the patterns of parent acute illnesses, hospitalizations, and medication changes over 1 to 13 months after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) infant/child death in 3 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Secondary analyses were conducted with longitudinal data on parent health and functioning 1 to 13 months after infant/child NICU/PICU death...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820879/heparin-for-the-treatment-of-thrombosis-in-neonates
#4
REVIEW
Olga Romantsik, Matteo Bruschettini, Simona Zappettini, Luca Antonio Ramenghi, Maria Grazia Calevo
BACKGROUND: Among pediatric patients, newborns are at highest risk of developing thromboembolism. Neonatal thromboembolic (TE) events may consist of both venous and arterial thromboses and often iatrogenic complications (eg, central catheterization). Treatment guidelines for pediatric patients with TE events most often are extrapolated from the literature regarding adults. Options for the management of neonatal TE events include expectant management; nitroglycerin ointment; thrombolytic therapy or anticoagulant therapy, or a combination of the two; and surgery...
November 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816865/low-dose-thimerosal-in-pediatric-vaccines-adverse-effects-in-perspective
#5
REVIEW
José G Dórea
Vaccines are prophylactics used as the first line of intervention to prevent, control and eradicate infectious diseases. Young children (before the age of six months) are the demographic group most exposed to recommended/mandatory vaccines preserved with Thimerosal and its metabolite ethylmercury (EtHg). Particularly in the less-developed countries, newborns, neonates, and young children are exposed to EtHg because it is still in several of their pediatric vaccines and mothers are often immunized with Thimerosal-containing vaccines (TCVs) during pregnancy...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795756/early-growth-in-preterm-infants-after-hospital-discharge-in-rural-kenya-longitudinal-study
#6
Diana Mawia Sammy, Margaret Njambi Chege, Jennifer Oyieke
INTRODUCTION: Prematurity is the single most important cause of mortality during the neonatal period. The early growth of these infants has been shown to be a predictor of their later growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes. The objective of this study was to establish the determinants of early growth in preterm infants after hospital discharge at the Kitui District Hospital, Kenya. METHODS: A short longitudinal study design was adopted to execute the study. During the period of April and June 2014, all the preterm infants who were discharged from the Kitui District Hospital Newborn Unit were enrolled in the study by obtaining written informed consent from their guardians...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770527/role-of-viral-pathogens-in-infants-with-systemic-infection-at-the-newborn-intensive-care-units-in-georgia
#7
M Kochlamazashvili, Kh Khatiashvili, M Butsashvili, O Chubinishvili, Sh Khetsuriani, G Kamkamidze
In Georgia, causative agents among infants with systemic infections are generally not identified and "neonatal sepsis" is usually diagnosed and treated without determining the etiology. The objective of this study was to estimate the role of viral pathogens (Herpesviridae and Enteroviruses) among neonates with generalized infections. A cross-sectional study was performed among neonates younger than <8 weeks admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at the two largest pediatric hospitals in Tbilisi, Georgia...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749513/the-utility-of-brain-natriuretic-peptide-in-pediatric-cardiology-a-review
#8
Ana L Neves, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, Adelino Leite-Moreira, José C Areias
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to evaluate the clinical utility of brain natriuretic peptide in pediatric patients, examining the diagnostic value, management, and prognostic relevance, by critical assessment of the literature. DATA SOURCES: In December 2015, a literature search was performed (PubMed access to MEDLINE citations; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PubMed/) and included these Medical Subject Headings and text terms for the key words: "brain natriuretic peptide," "amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide," "children," "neonate/s," "newborn/s," "infant/s," and "echocardiography...
November 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723956/antenatal-smoking-and-substance-misuse-infant-and-newborn-response-to-hypoxia
#9
Kamal Ali, Thomas Rosser, Ravindra Bhat, Kim Wolff, Simon Hannam, Gerrard F Rafferty, Anne Greenough
OBJECTIVES: To determine at the peak age for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) the ventilatory response to hypoxia of infants whose mothers substance misused in pregnancy (SM infants), or smoked during pregnancy (S mothers) and controls whose mothers neither substance misused or smoked. In addition, we compared the ventilatory response to hypoxia during the neonatal period and peak age of SIDS. WORKING HYPOTHESIS: Infants of S or SM mothers compared to control infants would have a poorer ventilatory response to hypoxia at the peak age of SIDS...
October 10, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703821/external-otitis-an-unusual-presentation-in-neonates
#10
Peymaneh Alizadeh Taheri, Shima Rostami, Manelie Sadeghi
Acute otitis externa (AOE) is an infection of the external auditory canal, the auricle, and the outer surface of the tympanic membrane. Although AOE is one of the most common otologic conditions encountered in pediatric population, it is known to primarily affect children older than 2 years. We report a case of AOE caused by Staphylococcus aureus in a 23-day-old neonate. A 23-day-old female infant presented to our neonatology clinic with irritability and discharge from the right ear. There were yellow otorrhea, mild erythema, and edema of right external ear canal...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603533/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-pediatric-and-neonatal-patients-and-disorders-clinical-considerations-and-updated-review-of-the-existing-literature
#11
Donatella Bagagiolo, Alessia Didio, Marco Sbarbaro, Claudio Giuseppe Priolo, Tiziana Borro, Daniele Farina
Osteopathic medicine is a form of complementary and alternative medicine. Osteopathic practitioners treat patients of all ages: according to the Osteopathic International Alliance's 2012 survey, about one-third of all treated patients are aged between 31 and 50 years and nearly a quarter (23.4%) are pediatric patients, with 8.7% of them being younger than 2 years. In 2013 a systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in pediatric patients with different underlying disorders, but due to the paucity and low methodological quality of the primary studies the results were inconclusive...
September 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597917/a-case-of-congenital-malignant-spinal-cord-glioma-as-a-cause-of-congenital-ascites-in-a-neonate
#12
Bianca Karber, Lenore Omesi, Sunny Chang, Andrew Handel, Monica Hegedus, Echezona Maduekwe
Congenital ascites is rare, but when it occurs, urinary ascites secondary to posterior urethral valve obstruction is the most common, and tumors are the least. Among the tumors in the pediatric population, the central nervous system tumors are common, but spinal cord tumors are rare. We describe a very rare case of congenital malignant spinal cord glioma presenting as isolated congenital ascites secondary to neurogenic bladder. A female infant was diagnosed sonographically with isolated congenital ascites at 40 weeks' gestational age, with uneventful development prior to 40 weeks' gestational age...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579200/a-case-of-the-tof-with-apv-complicated-with-polyhydramnios-and-severe-bronchomalacia
#13
Ali Seven, Emine Esin Yalinbas, Rahmi Ozdemir
Absent pulmonary valve syndrome (APVS) is a rare congenital heart disease with severe pulmonary insufficiency, characterized with aneurysmal dilation in the pulmonary artery and one or both of its branches. We presented a rare case with APVS and literature review in this letter. Prenatal USG examination of the fetus at the 26th week of gestation revealed severe polyhydramnios, dilatation at right ventricle, and abnormal appearance of the heart. At the 31st gestational week, the baby was born with cesarean section...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538261/safety-of-bifidobacterium-breve-bbg-01-in-preterm-infants
#14
Hiroyuki Kitajima, Shinya Hirano
BACKGROUND: Since 1982, viable cells of Bifidobacterium breve, BBG-01, have been used in clinical conditions in pediatric patients such as intractable infantile diarrhea, preterm infants, and pediatric surgical patients. Although the efficacy of BBG-01 has been widely reported, adverse events related to the use of BBG-01 have been reported in very few cases. METHODS: In order to trace adverse events seen by 109 doctors in 88 medical institutions where BBG-01 was used, a questionnaire survey of the number of occurrences and details of each case was conducted...
August 18, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489404/the-role-of-the-world-health-organization-s-international-classification-of-functioning-health-and-disability-in-models-of-infant-cochlear-implant-management
#15
REVIEW
Colleen Psarros, Sarah Love
Newborn hearing screening has led to the early diagnosis of hearing loss in neonates and early device fitting is common, based primarily on electrophysiologic and radiologic information, with some supplementary behavioral measures. Such early fitting of hearing devices, in particular cochlear implants (CIs), has been beneficial to the majority of children implanted under the age of 12 months who meet the cochlear implant candidacy criteria. Comorbidities are common in children with hearing loss, although they may not be evident in neonates and may not emerge until later in infants...
August 2016: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479521/group-b-streptococcus-infections-in-neonates-admitted-to-a-german-nicu-emphasis-on-screening-and-adherence-to-pre-analytical-recommendations
#16
Claudia Reinheimer, Volkhard A J Kempf, Boris E Wittekindt, Antje Allendorf, Thomas A Wichelhaus, Michael Hogardt, Rolf L Schlößer, Doris Fischer
BACKGROUND: Infections by group B streptococci (GBS), e.g. Streptococcus agalactiae, presenting as early-onset disease (EOD) or late-onset disease (LOD), are leading causes of severe infections in newborn and premature patients. Although screening and intra partum antibiotic prophylaxis are frequently performed, vertically transmitted GBS remain a challenge for pediatrics. AIMS: In order to prevent or reduce potential life-threatening events, this study retrospectively investigated epidemiological, microbiological and clinical aspects of infants admitted to the Division of Neonatology at the Department of Pediatrics at the University Hospital Frankfurt, Germany (UHF)...
July 29, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451380/-trends-in-neonatal-mortality-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-between-1998-and-2013-in-essos-hospital-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#17
A E Njom Nlend, C Zeudja, S Ndiang, A Nga Motaze, L Ngassam, L Nsoa
OBJECTIVE: To measure the mortality rate and the survival of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants at two given periods. METHOD: Descriptive retrospective study. Data were extracted from activity reports and pediatric registries during the years 1998, 1999, and 2004 for the first period and from 2010 to 2013 from the second period. This population study comprised all VLBW infants admitted to the unit weighing <1500g irrespective of gestational age. The main outcome measurement was the percentage of VLBW infants discharged alive during each period...
September 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435284/preterm-neonatal-urinary-renal-developmental-and-acute-kidney-injury-metabolomic-profiling-an-exploratory-study
#18
Kelly Mercier, Susan McRitchie, Wimal Pathmasiri, Andrew Novokhatny, Rajesh Koralkar, David Askenazi, Patrick D Brophy, Susan Sumner
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) staging has been developed in the adult and pediatric populations, but these do not yet exist for the neonatal population. Metabolomics was utilized to uncover biomarkers of normal and AKI-associated renal function in preterm infants. The study comprised 20 preterm infants with an AKI diagnosis who were matched by gestational age and gender to 20 infants without an AKI diagnosis. METHODS: Urine samples from pre-term newborn infants collected on day 2 of life were analyzed using broad-spectrum nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics...
January 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384403/sudden-unexplained-early-neonatal-death-or-collapse-a-national-surveillance-study
#19
Tracey L Lutz, Elizabeth J Elliott, Heather E Jeffery
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sudden unexpected early neonatal death (SUEND) or acute life-threatening events (ALTEs) is reported as 0.05/1,000 to 0.38/1,000 live births. There is currently no national system in Australia for reporting and investigating such cases. METHODS: A 3-y prospective, national surveillance study, run in collaboration with the Australian Pediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU). Data were provided by pediatricians reporting to APSU; and independently ascertained by the Coroner in two states (NSW and QLD) and the Newborn Early Transport Network in NSW...
October 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356654/efficacy-and-safety-of-levetiracetam-in-the-management-of-seizures-in-neonates
#20
Mostafa Sedighi, Farzaneh Asadi, Nasrin Moradian, Mazyar Vakiliamini, Mohamad Moradian
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of levetiracetam (LEV) in the management of seizures in neonates. METHODS: A prospective non-blind, single arm clinical trial conducted in the Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, Mohamad Kermanshahi, and Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran from May 2014 to December 2014. Fifty out of 60 newborns with gestational age >/=30 weeks with clinically diagnosed seizures were included...
July 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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