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Metacarpal fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208956/a-comprehensive-study-of-internal-distraction-plating-an-alternative-method-for-distal-radius-fractures
#1
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
INTRODUCTION: The management of highly comminuted distal radius fractures still remains a major treatment challenge. Articular comminution and compromised bone quality are the culprits. One novel approach is the technique of Internal Distraction Plating which involves "bridging" the fracture with the use of a standard 3.5mm plate applied dorsally in distraction from the radius, proximal to the fracture, to the long finger metacarpal distally, bypassing the comminuted segment. The plate is removed once fracture union has been achieved...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205483/plate-fixation-versus-percutaneous-pinning-for-unstable-metacarpal-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#2
Eitan Melamed, LiJin Joo, Edward Lin, Donato Perretta, John T Capo
BACKGROUND: Whether percutaneous pinning or plate fixation is more appropriate for metacarpal fractures is still open to debate. Our study purpose was to review the current literature in an attempt to determine the optimal treatment modality for metacarpal fractures on the basis of functional outcomes, radiographic outcome and rates of complications. METHODS: We selected Pubmed, Cochrane library, EMBASE and the relevant English orthopedic journals and pooled data from eligible trials including four comparative studies and one retrospective review...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205482/trans-metacarpal-screw-fixation-for-extra-articular-proximal-phalangeal-base-fractures
#3
Eichi Itadera, Takahiro Yamazaki
We developed a new internal fixation method for extra-articular fractures at the base of the proximal phalanx using a headless compression screw to achieve rigid fracture fixation through a relatively easy technique. With the metacarpophalangeal joint of the involved finger flexed, a smooth guide-pin is inserted into the intramedullary canal of the proximal phalanx through the metacarpal head and metacarpophalangeal joint. Insertion tunnels are made over the guide-pin using a cannulated drill. Then, a headless cannulated screw is placed into the proximal phalanx...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194508/open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-intraarticular-fracture-of-metacarpal-head
#4
Jun-Ku Lee, Yong-Gil Jo, Ji-Woong Kim, Yun Seong Choi, Soo-Hong Han
Intraarticular fracture of the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint presents complex problems related to the sophisticated functional aspects of the hand. Injury to the metacarpal head may have a severe effect on hand function but few studies have investigated the management of this condition. In this study, we applied open reduction and internal fixation for the displaced fracture of the metacarpal head and report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of our experience. Thirteen patients (12 men, 1 woman; mean age 21 years) were included in this study, and medical records and radiographs were reviewed retrospectively...
February 13, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193122/pathological-fracture-in-a-patient-with-an-untreated-congenital-metacarpal-synostosis
#5
S Farr, W Girsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187907/a-correlation-analysis-of-metacarpal-phalangeal-injury-pattern-from-improvised-explosive-devices-amongst-armed-force-personnel
#6
R M T Staruch, G E Glass, A Johnson, J Hodson, S P Hettiaratchy, A R Kay, D Chester
Injuries to the hand during military combat operations, particularly from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) have a significant impact on form, function, mental health and future employment but remain underreported amidst the life and limb-threatening emergencies that garner more attention. An understanding the patterns of hand injuries encountered from IEDs is crucial to optimizing reconstruction and rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate hand injury sustained from IED in order to understand the clinical burden for reconstruction and direct the focus for future hand protection...
January 19, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186356/bone-robusticity-in-two-distinct-skeletal-dysplasias-diverges-from-established-patterns
#7
Kate Citron, Cosmo Veneziale, Josephine Marino, Erin M Carter, Karl J Jepsen, Cathleen Raggio
Achondroplasia is a heritable disorder of endochondral bone formation characterized by disproportionate short stature. Osteogenesis imperfecta is a heritable bone and connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility. To investigate bone morphology of these groups, we retrospectively reviewed 169 de-identified bone age films from 20 individuals with achondroplasia, 39 individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta and 37 age- and sex-matched controls (matched to historical measurements from the Bolton-Brush Collection)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185124/metacarpal-fractures-in-the-athlete
#8
REVIEW
Maximillian Soong, Samantha Chase, N George Kasparyan
To describe current evaluation and treatment of metacarpal fractures in athletes RECENT FINDINGS: Biomechanical and clinical studies involving lower-profile, locking, shorter length, and double-row or separate-dual plate configurations, as well as intramedullary screw fixation, have demonstrated the potential benefits of internal fixation with promising results. Treatment should be customized to the specific athlete and injury, and is often successful without surgery, or with percutaneous pin fixation. Internal fixation of metacarpal fractures has improved with new hardware and new techniques, and may expedite return to play, although further clinical studies are needed...
February 9, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169860/a-rare-complete-metacarpal-pseudoepiphysis-in-a-teenager-with-a-scaphoid-fracture
#9
Rachel B Geffen, Ricardo E Colberg
A 13-yr-old adolescent boy presented with wrist pain after falling off a scooter onto his outstretched hand. Radiographs revealed a nondisplaced hairline fracture of the scaphoid bone and an irregular radiolucent line in the proximal metaphysis of the second metacarpal bone, consistent with an anomalous growth plate, or complete pseudoepiphysis. Complete pseudoepiphysis is a rare finding, with only a few cases reported. Learning about the common locations of growth plates and the radiographic differences between normal, injured, and anomalous growth plates can help decrease physician error and improve patient outcomes...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149209/performance-outcomes-after-metacarpal-fractures-in-national-basketball-association-players
#10
Michael S Guss, John P Begly, Austin J Ramme, Richard M Hinds, Raj J Karia, John T Capo
Background: The aim was to determine whether players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) who sustain metacarpal fractures demonstrate decreased performance upon return to competition when compared with their performance before injury and that of their control-matched peers. Methods: Data for 32 NBA players with metacarpal fractures incurred over 11 seasons (2002-2003 to 2012-2013) were obtained from injury reports, press releases, and player profiles (www.nba.com and www.basketballreference.com). Player age, body mass index (BMI), position, shooting hand, number of years in the league, and treatment (surgical vs nonsurgical) were recorded...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149208/comparison-of-dorsal-plate-fixation-versus-intramedullary-headless-screw-fixation-of-unstable-metacarpal-shaft-fractures-a-biomechanical-study
#11
Eitan Melamed, Richard M Hinds, Michael B Gottschalk, Oran D Kennedy, John T Capo
Background: Recently, intramedullary headless screw (IMHS) has shown promise as an alternative to dorsal plate fixation of metacarpal fractures. The purpose of this study was to assess the biomechanical performance of IMHS versus plating. We hypothesized that IMHS fixation provides inferior stability to plating. Methods: Metacarpal fracture model with 3-mm of volar gapping in forty-four human cadaveric metacarpals was created. The specimens were divided into 5 groups: Group 1, 1.5-mm non-locking plate; Group 2, 1...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071198/fracture-of-the-index-metacarpal-after-tightrope-suspension-for-carpometacarpal-instability-of-the-thumb
#12
S Mufty, S J Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999459/the-use-of-minilocked-plate-for-management-of-unstable-metacarpal-fractures
#13
Ahmed Mohammed Al-Madawy, Mohamed Mahmoud Abou Elatta, Mostafa Mahmoud Hasanin, Ashraf Abd El-Kader Al-Nahal
Objective This study aims to evaluate the use of minilocked plates in the treatment of the metacarpal fractures. Method A total of 30 patients of metacarpal fractures were treated by minilocked plates. Results Union was achieved in all patients. There were 27 (90%) patients having satisfactory results (excellent and good results) and 3 patients (10%) had poor results. Conclusion The use of minilocked plate is recommended for fixation of periarticular, comminuted, and osteoporotic metacarpal fractures that offer rigid fixation early mobilization, decreases the incidence of joints stiffness, and tendon adherence which maximized the hand function...
December 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999455/intramedullary-fixation-of-metacarpal-fractures-using-headless-compression-screws
#14
Daniel G Tobert, Melissa Klausmeyer, Chaitanya S Mudgal
Introduction The purpose of this study is to examine the clinical results of retrograde intramedullary headless screw (IMHS) fixation for metacarpal fractures. Methods A retrospective review was performed on 16 patients with 18 metacarpal fractures who underwent IMHS fixation at a single institution. The average age was 32 years. The indications for surgery included rotational malalignment (five patients), multiple metacarpal fractures (five patients), angular deformity (four patients), and shortening greater than 5 mm (two patients)...
December 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974942/osteosynthesis-using-plates-and-screws-after-removing-a-limited-area-of-the-periosteum-in-order-to-reduce-misclassified-during-radiological-assessment-metacarpal-shaft-fractures
#15
Neagu Tp, Popescu Sa, Cobilinschi C, Tincu R, Tiglis M, Lascar I
Hand fractures are one of the most common causes for presenting to the emergency room. Metacarpal fractures count about 18 to 44% of all hand fractures, and are most often standalone closed injuries, without misplacement, not needing operative treatment. We present a case in which osteosynthesis with plates and screws was used to reduce two metacarpal fractures in order to allow an early motion recovery, despite the fact that a small portion of the periosteum needed to be removed. The type of fractures were misclassified according to the radiological findings, therefore the correct diagnosis was established during surgery...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968844/evaluation-of-absorbable-composite-polylactide-hydroxyapatite-bone-fixation-devices-a-cohort-study
#16
Jianxun Ding, Xiuli Zhuang, Xuesi Chen
BACKGROUND: At present, most bone fixation devices are made of metal, and are applied to prevent the postoperative dislocation of bone fragments. The major issues with such metal bone fixation devices are the necessity for secondary surgery to remove the devices, stress shielding of bone, stimulation and erosion of bone and soft tissue, and limited biocompatibility. To mitigate these problems, we aimed to assess use of a flexible absorbable polymer bone fixation devices. These devices were certified for use in China in September, 2015...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906469/corrective-osteotomy-of-a-metacarpal-deviation-caused-by-fracture-in-a-9-month-old-german-fleckvieh-heifer
#17
Theresa S Tschoner, Roberto G Köstlin, Melanie Feist
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical treatment of a metacarpal deviation caused by an untreated Salter-Harris type I fracture in a heifer. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMAL: 9-month-old German Fleckvieh heifer. METHODS: A closing wedge osteotomy was performed to correct deviation of fused metacarpal III and IV. A triangular bone wedge was removed and the proximal and distal fragments of the bone were brought into apposition and stabilized with an 11-hole T-plate...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886832/thumb-injuries-in-athletes
#18
REVIEW
Tiffany R Kadow, John R Fowler
Thumb injuries are common in athletes and present a challenging opportunity for upper extremity physicians. Common injuries include metacarpal base fractures (Bennett and Rolando types), ulnar and radial collateral ligament injuries, dislocation of the carpometacarpal and metacarpophalangeal joints, and phalanx fractures. This review, although not exhaustive, highlights some of the most common thumb injuries in athletes. The treating physician must balance pressure from athletes, parents, coaches, and executives to expedite return to play with the long-term well-being of the athlete...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806538/epidemiology-of-the-upper-extremity-trauma-in-a-traumatic-center-in-iran
#19
Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Ebrahim Ameri, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Azadeh Memarian
INTRODUCTION: Orthopedic injuries are the most common types of traumatic injuries and present as fractures of the limbs, pelvis, and vertebrae or lesions in soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The upper limb fractures occur in distal radius and ulna, metacarpals, fingers, scapula, and carpal bones, Proximal, diaphysis, distal humerus, clavicle, proximal ulna and radio and distal humero and humero, radio, ulna, and metacarpo. The objective of this project was to accurately describe the occurrence of injuries of the upper extremity and the mechanisms of such injuries in a representative sample of Iranian population...
August 10, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804078/assessment-of-the-2d-4d-ratio-in-aggression-related-injuries-in-children-attending-a-paediatric-emergency-department
#20
D E O'Briain, P H Dawson, J C Kelly, P Connolly
BACKGROUND: The 2D:4D ratio is a sexually dimorphic trait. A lower ratio is correlated with sporting prowess, successful financial trading, risk taking behaviour, aggression, and aggression-related injuries, such as the fifth metacarpal fractures. AIMS: We aimed to assess if the ratio correlates to skeletally immature patient aggression. METHODS: Radiology reports were searched for the terms "5th metacarpal" or "boxer". Of 537 X-rays, 142 had fractures...
November 1, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
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