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Metacarpal fracture

Shan-Qing Yin, Yao-Peng Huang, Miao-Zhong Li, Jia-Dong Pan, Wen-Quan Ding, Xin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between radiographic parameters and clinical outcomes of patients with distal radius fractures in elderly patients following conservative treatment, and find the important radiographic parameters with distal radius fractures in elderly patients. METHODS: From May 2012 to May 2015, a retrospective analysis was performed of 45 elderly patients with distal radius fractures treated by conservative treatment, which including 17 males and 28 females with an average age of 64...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jose Couceiro, Higinio Ayala, Manuel Sanchez, Maria de Los Angeles De la Red, Olga Velez, Fernando Del Canto
Purpose  The purpose of our study is to compare the intramedullary fixation of metacarpal fractures with cannulated headless screws and antegrade Kirschner wires in terms of final total active motion, grip strength, patient-related outcomes, need for casting, and return to work times. Methods  The authors performed a retrospective review of the hospital records. Thirty fractures were included in the study, 19 in the screw fixation group, and 11 in the Kirschner wire group. Grip strength, and total active motion, was measured at the latest follow-up for both the injured and contralateral hand...
January 2018: Surgery Journal
D Jann, M Calcagni, P Giovanoli, T Giesen
We analyzed the results of 20 unstable metacarpal fractures in 15 patients treated with a cannulated compression screw and no immobilization. All fractures healed within 6 weeks. One patient with multiple fractures and a flexion deficit required arthrolysis of two metacarpophalangeal joints. Another patient had an extension lag. There were no other complications. This fast and easy technique results in good outcomes for unstable metacarpal fractures. The advantages are early active motion without immobilization and stable fixation...
March 1, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Agata Marta Plonczak, Gordon J McArthur, Nicola Goldsmith, Maxim Horwitz
BACKGROUND: Most hand injuries in children can be managed non-operatively and are associated with excellent outcomes. Whilst the majority of our patients are discharged to the care of hand therapists, there is no literature to support this protocol. Our aim was to ensure this is safe and effective practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients referred to our paediatric hand trauma clinic for closed injuries over a four month period between December 2014 and March 2015...
December 30, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
A R Saied, M Sabet Jahromi
INTRODUCTION: For extraarticular proximal phalanx fractures, two methods are employed, transarticular fixation in which the metacarpophalangeal joint is crossed and the extraarticular method in which the pins are introduced through the base of the proximal Phalanx. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a prospective one on patients with proximal phalanx transverse or short oblique fractures. In one of the groups we used parallel pins from metacarpal head through MCP joint to proximal phalanx...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
M Mageed, T Steinberg, N Drumm, N Stubbs, J Wegert, M Koene
OBJECTIVE: Fractures involving the proximal one-third of the splint bone are relatively rare and are challenging to treat. A variety of management techniques have been reported in the literature. The aim of this retrospective case series was to describe the clinical presentation and evaluate the efficacy of bioabsorbable polylactic acid screws in internal fixation of proximal fractures of the 2nd and 4th metacarpal and metatarsal bones in horses. METHODS: The medical records, diagnostic images and outcome of all horses diagnosed with a proximal fracture of the splint bones and treated with partial resection and internal fixation of the proximal stump using bioabsorbable polylactic acid screws between 2014 and 2015 were reviewed...
March 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
Efrain Farias, Mayron Lichterman, Mark Yuhas, Sunil M Thirkannad
We describe a technique of interlocking Kirschner wires to improve stability after fixation of fractures of the hand. This enables immediate mobilization of the injured fingers thus reducing the need for prolonged postoperative physical therapy and consequently diminishing chances of posttraumatic stiffness. This study analyzes outcomes in 83 fractures in 70 patients including 26 metacarpal and 57 phalangeal fractures. The technique has proven to be simple, versatile, and cost-effective. Patient compliance and satisfaction has been high and results have been gratifying...
March 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Will A Cobb, Lewis Dingle, Raina Zarb Adami, Jeremy Rodrigues
Fracture-dislocations of the carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) of the little ray involve dorsal subluxation of the metacarpal base and they may be associated with injury of neighbouring CMCJs. Different treatment options are described, with no clear consensus on their management. This study presents a systematic review of comparative studies describing the management of these injuries. A bespoke search strategy was applied across multiple databases. Results were screened against specified stepwise inclusion criteria and data were extracted independently by two authors with discrepancy resolution by a third...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
L Amsallem, J Pierrart, T Bihel, J Sekri, T Lafosse, E Masmejean, D Delgrande
BACKGROUND: Fifth metacarpal neck fractures (boxer's fractures) are common injuries that contribute 20% of all hand fractures. Divergent percutaneous pinning (bouquet fixation) as described by Foucher has gained popularity but is challenging and at times arduous, as it requires the insertion of several slender K-wires into a narrow medullary canal. Here, we report on a simplified technique in which a single thick K-wire is inserted. TECHNIQUE: An 18/10 K-wire is bent at one end then mounted on a drill chuck...
January 31, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Hiroshi Yamazaki, Shunsuke Miyaoka, Hiroyuki Kato
We report an avulsion fracture at the base of the third metacarpal involving the extensor carpi radialis brevis insertion and a resulting complication of attritional rupture of the extensor indicis proprius tendon and the extensor digitorum communis to the index finger, in a 67-year-old man.
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Towseef Ahmad Bhat, Amara Gulzar, Aejaz Ahmad Bhat, Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Zameer Ali
PURPOSE: Bear maul injuries are the most common wild animal inflicted injuries in India. More than 300 bear maul injuries report to our hospital per year. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients over a period of 1 year reported to our department for orthopaedic management of bear maul injuries. All the patients were referred either from peripheral hospitals or from other surgical departments of our hospital. RESULTS: All the patients had facial/scalp injuries of variable severity...
November 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Hiroshi Sasai, Daisuke Fujita, Eiko Seto, Yuki Denda, Yutaro Imai, Kanako Okamoto, Kensaku Okamura, Masaru Furuya, Hiroyuki Tani, Kazumi Sasai
OBJECTIVE To evaluate outcome of limb fracture repair in rabbits. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 139 client-owned rabbits with limb fractures treated between 2007 and 2015. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed for information on fracture location, fracture treatment, and time to fracture healing. RESULTS 25 rabbits had fractures involving the distal aspects of the limbs (ie, metacarpal or metatarsal bones, phalanges, and calcaneus or talus). Fractures were treated in 23 of these 25 rabbits (external coaptation, n = 17; external skeletal fixation, 4; and intramedullary pinning, 2) and healed in all 23, with a median healing time of 28 days (range, 20 to 45 days)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Soo Min Cha, Hyun Dae Shin
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of antegrade intramedullary pinning performed for neck fractures with angulations of over 30 degrees after failed conservative treatment during the subacute phase and to compare the radiologic and clinical results with those of acute fractures with angulations of over 30 degrees treated via the same procedure. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with a fifth metacarpal neck fracture were admitted to our institute between January 2010 and April 2015...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
N Hopper, E Singer, F Henson
OBJECTIVES: The exact aetiology and pathogenesis of microdamage-induced long bone fractures remain unknown. These fractures are likely to be the result of inadequate bone remodelling in response to damage. This study aims to identify an association of osteocyte apoptosis, the presence of osteocytic osteolysis, and any alterations in sclerostin expression with a fracture of the third metacarpal (Mc-III) bone of Thoroughbred racehorses. METHODS: A total of 30 Mc-III bones were obtained; ten bones were fractured during racing, ten were from the contralateral limb, and ten were from control horses...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Research
N Moulin, I François, N Coté, C Alford, O Cleary, M R Desjardins
BACKGROUND: Despite the recommendation of plate fixation for propagating condylar fractures of the third metacarpal (McIII) or third metatarsal bone (MtIII), lag screw fixation can be a viable surgical option. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate short-term outcome and long-term racing performance of horses that underwent lag screw fixation of long condylar fractures of the McIII/MtIII. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Medical records, post-surgical racing performance and outcome of 26 horses with propagating fractures of the medial and/or lateral condyle of McIII/MtIII were reviewed...
January 19, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
Peta L Hitchens, Peter Pivonka, Fatemeh Malekipour, R Chris Whitton
In Thoroughbred racehorses, fractures of the distal limb are commonly catastrophic. Most of these fractures occur due to the accumulation of fatigue damage from repetitive loading, as evidenced by microdamage at the predilection sites for fracture. Adaptation of the bone in response to training loads is important for fatigue resistance. In order to better understand the mechanism of subchondral bone adaptation to its loading environment, we utilised a square root function defining the relationship between bone volume fraction [Formula: see text] and specific surface [Formula: see text] of the subchondral bone of the lateral condyles of the third metacarpal bone (MCIII) of the racehorse, and using this equation, developed a mathematical model of subchondral bone that adapts to loading conditions observed in vivo...
January 17, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Till Fischborn, Dominik Beckenbauer, Manuel Held, Adrien Daigeler, Fabian Medved
INTRODUCTION: Over time, the operative treatment of extra-articular and intra-articular fractures of the first metacarpal base has gained significant importance, and at present, there are many operative strategies available because of the different osteosynthesis procedures in practice today. PURPOSE: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyze the possible differences between 2 distinguished operative osteosynthesis techniques, in terms of patient outcome, operation time, duration of radiation exposure, and postoperative radiographic results...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Roberto Franceschi, Silvia Longhi, Vittoria Cauvin, Angelo Fassio, Giuseppe Gallo, Fiorenzo Lupi, Petra Reinstadler, Antonio Fanolla, Davide Gatti, Giorgio Radetti
Adults with Type 1 diabetes mellitus show a high risk of bone fracture, probably as a consequence of a decreased bone mass and microarchitectural bone alterations. The aim of the study was to investigate the potential negative effects of type 1 diabetes on bone geometry, quality, and bone markers in a group of children and adolescents. 96 children, mean age 10.5 ± 3.1 years, agreed to participate to the study. Bone geometry was evaluated on digitalized X-rays at the level of the 2nd metacarpal bone. The following parameters were investigated and expressed as SDS: outer diameter (D), inner diameter (d), cortical area (CA), and medullary area (MA)...
December 30, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
Christine Steyn, John T Soley, Martina R Crole
Temminck's ground pangolin is the only pangolin present in South Africa. It is a myrmecophagous mammal with a bipedal gait. The thoracic limbs are used to break open ant nests, dig for food, and expand previously occupied burrows. This study describes the osteology and radiological anatomy of the thoracic limbs of this threatened species. Thoracic limbs from four Temminck's ground pangolins, which succumbed from electrocution or natural causes, were digitally radiographed in situ. The individual bones were then cleaned, described and digitally radiographed...
November 28, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Tugce Ozekli Misirlioglu, Hakan Ozben
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. INTRODUCTION: Development of extensor tendon adhesions is a common complication after intra-articular metacarpal head fracture. Whenever these adhesions cannot be mobilized by rehabilitation, tenolysis should be considered. However, the decision for tenolysis is often delayed. When the rehabilitation program comes to a plateau and clinical examination may not be sufficient to find out the cause, dynamic ultrasound (US) can show where the gliding mechanism is disrupted and help clinicians to give an accurate decision for determining the next steps...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
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