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Metacarpal fracture

G Pomares, N Pauchard, F Dap, G Dautel
Choosing the best option for reconstructing comminuted joint fractures in hand surgery raises technical challenges due to the small size of the anatomical structures and the required early mobilization. Single-stage reconstructions are clearly preferable, but when the infection risk is high, two-stage alternatives are needed. We report a case of fracture of the head of the 2nd metacarpal resulting from a crocodile bite treated by implanting an articular spacer.
October 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Cortie J Rolison, Milton Kyle Smoot
A 19-year-old golfer presented to the sports clinic with a 2-week history of dominant-hand pain after several months of daily golf. He had a metacarpal stress fracture. This case discusses the athlete's return-to-play timeline as well as reviews the current limited literature guiding return to play in grip athletes.
October 24, 2016: Sports Health
Hiroyoshi Hagiwara, Takashi Ajiki, Suguru Hagiwara, Naoya Sugimoto, Katsushi Takeshita
We present a case of simultaneous ipsilateral fractures at the intra-articular second metacarpal head, intra-articular fourth metacarpal base, and ulnar styloid. These fractures were caused by the peculiar condition of a blow to the fist during an ice hockey game; the hand was struck while it was gripping a stick. The specific combination of these fractures has not been previously reported in the literature. In this incident, axial compression force was transmitted from the second and fourth metacarpal heads while skipping the third metacarpal head to the ulnar side of the wrist via the carpometacarpal joints and carpal bones...
July 27, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Kevin F Lutsky, Jonas L Matzon, Joseph Dwyer, Nayoung Kim, Pedro K Beredjiklian
Background: Posttraumatic finger stiffness can occur as a result of hand fractures. The purpose was to assess and quantify the improvement in range of motion (ROM) after surgical management of the stiff finger in patients who developed loss of motion following treatment for a metacarpal or phalangeal fracture. In addition, an aim was to identify possible risk factors for suboptimal improvement in ROM postoperatively. Methods: A retrospective review was performed on 18 patients who underwent surgery to improve finger stiffness following metacarpal or phalangeal fracture...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Shepard P Johnson, Kevin C Chung, Lin Zhong, Melissa J Shauver, Michael J Engelsbe, Chad Brummett, Jennifer F Waljee
PURPOSE: To evaluate prolonged opioid use in opioid-naïve patients after common hand surgery procedures in the United States. METHODS: We studied insurance claims from the Truven MarketScan databases to identify opioid-naïve adult patients (no opioid exposure 11 months before the perioperative period) who underwent an elective (carpal tunnel release, carpometacarpal arthroplasty/arthrodesis, cubital tunnel release, or trigger finger release) or trauma-related (closed distal radius fracture fixation, flexor tendon repair, metacarpal fracture fixation, or phalangeal fracture fixation) hand surgery procedure between 2010 and 2012 (N = 77,573 patients)...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
C Dana, J-C Aurégan, A Salon, S Guéro, C Glorion, S Pannier
: Metacarpal lengthening is a useful procedure to address hand deficiencies in children. In this study, we aimed to compare the results of three different techniques from one consecutive clinical series of hand deficiencies. A total of 15 metacarpal lengthenings have been performed in 12 children aged from 9 to 14 years. The callotasis technique was used in seven cases, the two-stage distraction-graft technique in four cases and the single-stage lengthening in four cases. All the metacarpals healed with bone...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
I M Mehling, K Schillo, A Arsalan-Werner, J Seegmüller, A C Langheinrich, M Sauerbier
Fractures of the first thumb ray are common and need accurate differential treatment to restore gripping hand functions. Displaced fractures of the distal and proximal phalanx of the thumb are often treated with screws or Kirschner wires. Stable fractures can also be treated non-operatively. Fractures of the base of the first metacarpal should be differentiated into extra-articular Winterstein fractures and intra-articular Bennett or Rolando fractures. Traction forces by the abductor pollicis longus tendon regularly lead to displacement of the shaft of the first metacarpal; therefore, these fractures usually require reduction and fixation...
September 14, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Bing Zhang, Pan Hu, Kun-Lun Yu, Jiang-Bo Bai, De-Hu Tian, Gui-Sheng Zhang, Xin-Zhong Shao, Ying-Ze Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes of AO titanium locking plate and screw (ATLPS) and anterograde intramedullary (AIM) fixation for treating unstable metacarpal and phalangeal fractures. METHODS: Adult patients with isolated fresh unstable metacarpal and phalangeal fractures who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled into this prospective study from July 2013. Patients were divided into ATLPS or AIM groups when they were admitted to our department after considering their work requirement, fracture complexity, and surgeon's experience and were then treated accordingly...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Michael S Guss, David Kaye, Michael Rettig
A Bennett fracture is a common injury that involves an intra-articular fracture at the base of the first metacarpal. This fracture typically results in a dorsally and radially displaced metacarpal shaft relative to the well-anchored volar ulnar fragment. Most Bennett fractures are treated with operative fixation, including closed reduction and percutaneous fixation, open reduction and internal fixation, or arthroscopically assisted fixation. However, the optimal surgical approach is controversial. There is a paucity of literature comparing the outcomes of the various treatments, leaving the surgeon without a clear treatment algorithm...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Matthew A Sullivan, Charles J Cogan, Joshua M Adkinson
Pediatric hand injuries are extremely common. Although many hand injuries are adequately managed in the emergency department, some may need evaluation and treatment by a pediatric hand surgeon to ensure a good functional outcome. This article discusses the diagnosis and management of the most common pediatric hand maladies: fingertip injuries/amputation, tendon injuries, and phalangeal and metacarpal fractures. The plastic surgery nurse should be familiar with hand injuries that require intervention to facilitate efficient management and optimal postoperative care...
July 2016: Plastic Surgical Nursing
Jan van Aaken, Cesare Fusetti, Stefano Lucchina, Stefania Brunetti, Jean-Yves Beaulieu, Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Kathryn Hanna, Alexander Y Shin, Eric Hofmeister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Assaf Kadar, Geffen Kleinstern, Mohamed Morsy, Endre Soreide, Steven L Moran
BACKGROUND: Multiple enchodromatosis of bone, termed Ollier's disease, or Maffucci syndrome when associated with hemangiomas, is a rare disease that can affect the pediatric hand. This condition often causes a finger mass, deformity, pain and possible pathologic fractures, and has been associated with malignant transformation to chondrosarcoma. The aim of our study is to describe the long-term sequela of multiple enchondromatosis of the hand in the pediatric population, specifically the rates of malignant transformation, tumor recurrence, rates of pathologic fracture, and phalangeal growth arrest...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Mikayla Southam, Susan Driessens, Christopher Burton, Rodney Pope, Penelope Thurnwald
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: The QuickDASH outcome measure is a valid and reliable measurement tool for assessing disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand. PURPOSE OF STUDY: There is limited literature providing typical QuickDASH scores for upper limb conditions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the QuickDASH scores typically observed in specific upper limb pathologies. METHODS: This study examined QuickDASH scores for acute trauma conditions presenting for hand therapy...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
M Koch, A Jenzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Feiran Wu, Katie Young, Mohammad Shahid, Peter Nightingale, Surabhi Choudhary, Michael Craigen, Rajive Jose, Mark Foster
BACKGROUND: Metacarpal fractures are common, accounting for 40 % of all hand injuries. The use of plates for the fixation of these fractures allows early aggressive hand therapy post-operatively, reducing post-operative stiffness. Traditionally, bicortical fixation is the standard practice, where both dorsal and palmar cortices of the metacarpal are drilled through, with screws engaging both cortices. Recent biomechanical studies have shown that unicortical fixation, where only the near cortex is drilled and engaged by the screw, results in no difference in stiffness, load to failure or failure mechanism, when compared with bicortical fixation...
2016: Trials
Marcio Aurélio Aita, Rafael Saleme Alves, Luis Felipe Longuino, Carlos Henrique Vieira Ferreira, Douglas Hideki Ikeuti, Luciano Muller Reis Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical and functional results, including measurement of quality of life, of patients undergoing trapeziometacarpal arthroplasty. METHOD: This was a prospective evaluation on 45 patients (53 thumbs) with a diagnosis of idiopathic rhizarthrosis who underwent resection arthroplasty and interposition of an uncemented Ascension(®) implant, made of pyrocarbon. The clinical and functional results were analyzed through radiography, range of motion (ROM) in degrees (°), visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and the disability of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire for quality of life...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Ting-Yu Lai, Hsiao-I Chen, Cho-Chiang Shih, Li-Chieh Kuo, Hsiu-Yun Hsu, Chih-Chung Huang
This study aims to determine if the relative displacement between the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) tendon and its surrounding tissues can be used as an adhesion index (AI) for assessing adhesion in metacarpal fractures by comparing two clinical measures, namely single-digit-force and extensor lag (i.e., the difference between passive extension and full active extension). The Fisher-Tippett block-matching method and a Kalman-filter algorithm were used to determine the relative displacements in 39 healthy subjects and 8 patients with metacarpal fractures...
2016: Scientific Reports
Youn Moo Heo, Sang Bum Kim, Jin Woong Yi, Tae Gyun Kim, Byoung Gu Lim
BACKGROUND: As intramedullary (IM) fixation is one of the fixation methods used in neck fractures of the fifth metacarpal, an early motion of injured finger can be allowed. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether immediate active motion affects the stability of antegrade IM fixation in surgical treatment of neck fractures of the fifth metacarpal bone and to assess related factors. METHODS: Thirty one patients treated by closed reduction and antegrade IM fixation were consecutively enrolled...
February 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Abigail Finger, Teun Teunis, Michiel G Hageman, Emily R Thornton, Valentin Neuhaus, David Ring
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate the results of offering patients optional follow-up for simple upper extremity fractures. Specifically this study tested if there is a difference in (1) upper extremity disability, (2) return to work, and (3) satisfaction with delivered care at 2-6 months after enrollment between patients who choose and do not choose a return visit for an adequately aligned metacarpal, distal radius, or radial head fracture. Additionally we assessed if there was a difference in overall evaluation of the visit at enrollment between those patients and what factors were associated with returning after initially choosing not to schedule a follow-up visit...
October 2016: Injury
Sreedharan Sechachalam, Qi Hui Bernice Heng
Extensor tendon subluxation over the metacarpal head, leading to metacarpophalangeal joint ulnar deviation, is a hand deformity seen in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Apart from soft tissue procedures, metacarpal shortening osteotomy is a previously described surgical treatment for this deformity. We present a patient whose fixed deformity was spontaneously corrected after a displaced distal radius fracture. At 1 year, the correction was maintained. We discuss the biomechanical basis behind the phenomenon...
September 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
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