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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570707/de-novo-characterization-of-the-pine-aphid-cinara-pinitabulaeformis-zhang-et-zhang-transcriptome-and-analysis-of-genes-relevant-to-pesticides
#1
Songqing Wu, Zhicheng Huang, Carballar-Lejarazú Rebeca, Xiaoli Zhu, Yajie Guo, Qiannan Lin, Xia Hu, Rong Wang, Guanghong Liang, Xiong Guan, Feiping Zhang
The pine aphid Cinara pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang is the main pine pest in China, it causes pine needles to produce dense dew (honeydew) which can lead to sooty mold (black filamentous saprophytic ascomycetes). Although common chemical and physical strategies are used to prevent the disease caused by C. pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang, new strategies based on biological and/or genetic approaches are promising to control and eradicate the disease. However, there is no information about genomics, proteomics or transcriptomics to allow the design of new control strategies for this pine aphid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507410/isolation-and-identification-of-fungi-associated-with-spoilt-fruits-vended-in-gwagwalada-market-abuja-nigeria
#2
Samuel Mailafia, God'spower Richard Okoh, Hamza Olatunde K Olabode, Ramatu Osanupin
AIM: Annual reports have shown that 20% of fruits and vegetables produced are lost to spoilage. This study was undertaken to isolate and identify fungi that are associated with spoilt fruits commonly sold in Gwagwalada market, Abuja, and recommend appropriate control measure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Gwagwalada metropolis, Gwagwalada Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 100 spoilt fruits which include pawpaw (Carica papaya), orange (Citrus sinensis), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), pineapple (Ananas comosus), and watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) were purchased and examined for the presence of fungal organisms using standard methods...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480108/fungal-brain-abscess-caused-by-black-mold-cladophialophora-bantiana-a-case-report-of-successful-treatment-with-an-emphasis-on-how-fungal-brain-abscess-may-be-different-from-bacterial-brain-abscess
#3
Zaid Aljuboori, Rob Hruska, Alae Yaseen, Forest Arnold, Barbara Wojda, Haring Nauta
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system infection with Cladophialophora bantiana (Black Mold) is rare. It carries a high mortality rate, that is more than 70%, despite multimodal therapy. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a rare case of "black mold" fungal brain abscess that was successfully treated with good patient outcome. The case is unusual because there were two fungal brain abscesses located bilaterally symmetrically in the mesial frontal lobes, and the response to different treatment strategies was well documented by over 25 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479192/predictors-of-emergency-department-use-in-children-with-persistent-asthma-in-metropolitan-atlanta-georgia
#4
Jeffery M Franklin, Jocelyn R Grunwell, Alice C Bruce, Robin C Smith, Anne M Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities are evident among children with asthma in the United States, with non-Hispanic black children at particularly high risk for poor asthma outcomes, including frequent emergency department (ED) use for asthma exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To compare asthma features in non-Hispanic black vs white children in Atlanta, Georgia, and determine what clinical features predict future ED use for asthma. METHODS: Self-reported black and white children 6 to 17 years of age with persistent asthma treated with controller medications completed medical history questionnaires, lung function testing, aeroallergen sensitization testing, and venipuncture...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478966/a-rare-case-of-multiple-brain-abscess-and-probably-disseminated-phaeohyphomycosis-due-to-cladophialophora-bantiana-in-an-immunosuppressed-individual-from-india
#5
S Lahiri Mukhopadhyay, A Mahadevan, V H Bahubali, R Dawn Bharath, A R Prabhuraj, S Maji, N Siddaiah
Cladophialophora bantiana, a dematiaceous neurotropic mold causes rare and lethal brain abscess, commonly in immunocompetent hosts. We report a rare and probably a case of disseminated infection with this black mold in an immunosuppressed individual from India. A 55-year-old diabetic male presented with severe headache, blurred-vision, behavioural abnormalities, eye-pain and ear-discharge. He was undergoing treatment for hypertension, prostatomegaly and obstructive pulmonary disease. He was on steroids for the past six years for uveitis...
May 3, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467730/combination-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-mold-infections
#6
Matthew William McCarthy, Vidmantas Petraitis, Thomas J Walsh
Pulmonary mold infections are caused by ubiquitous organisms found in soil, water, and decaying vegetation, including Aspergillus spp., the Mucormycetes, hyaline molds, and dematiaceous (black) molds. Areas covered: These infections are often a challenge to diagnose and even more difficult to treat. Recently, antifungal combination therapy has emerged as a promising strategy to treat some forms of invasive mycoses, including pulmonary mold infections. Historically, this approach has been limited due to non-uniform interpretation criteria, variations in pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic properties of antifungals used in combination, and an inability to predict clinical success based on in vitro data and animal models...
May 9, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403528/superficial-black-onychomycosis-due-to-neoscytalidium-dimidiatum
#7
N Di Chiacchio, L F Noriega, N Gioia Di Chiacchio, J Ocampo-Garza
Onychomycosis is the most common onychopathy observed in adults and the elderly, and it is a frequent reason for medical visits.(1) Its prevalence ranges from 2.0-26.9%, depending on the population and geographic region.(1,2) Non-dermatophyte molds are responsible for 1.5-17.6% of onychomycosis cases, with higher prevalence in tropical and subtropical countries. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 12, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299723/mold-and-human-health-a-reality-check
#8
REVIEW
Andrea T Borchers, Christopher Chang, M Eric Gershwin
There are possibly millions of mold species on earth. The vast majority of these mold spores live in harmony with humans, rarely causing disease. The rare species that does cause disease does so by triggering allergies or asthma, or may be involved in hypersensitivity diseases such as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis or allergic fungal sinusitis. Other hypersensitivity diseases include those related to occupational or domiciliary exposures to certain mold species, as in the case of Pigeon Breeder's disease, Farmer's lung, or humidifier fever...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154571/a-review-of-perennial-ryegrass-endophytes-and-their-potential-use-in-the-management-of-african-black-beetle-in-perennial-grazing-systems-in-australia
#9
REVIEW
Mijail Karpyn Esqueda, Alan L Yen, Simone Rochfort, Kathryn M Guthridge, Kevin S Powell, Jacqueline Edwards, German C Spangenberg
The major insect pest of Australian cool temperate pastures is the root-feeding insect Heteronychus arator (African black beetle, ABB). Significant pasture damage can occur even at low ABB densities (11 individuals per square meter), and often re-sowing of the whole paddock is required. Mitigation of the effects of pasture pests, and in particular subterranean species such as the larval form of ABB, can be challenging. Early detection is limited by the ability to visualize above-ground symptoms, and chemical control of insects in soil is often ineffective...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154484/analysis-of-the-mat1-1-and-mat1-2-gene-ratio-in-black-koji-molds-isolated-from-meju
#10
Anbazhagan Mageswari, Jeong-Seon Kim, Kyu-Ho Cheon, Soon-Wo Kwon, Osamu Yamada, Seung-Beom Hong
Aspergillus luchuensis is known as an industrially important fungal species used for making fermented foods such as awamori and shochu in Japan, makgeolli and Meju in Korea, and Pu-erh tea in China. Nonetheless, this species has not yet been widely studied regarding mating-type genes. In this study, we examined the MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 gene ratio in black koji molds (A. luchuensis, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus tubingensis) and in Aspergillus welwitschiae isolated from Meju, a fermented soybean starting material for traditional soy sauce and soybean paste in Korea...
December 2016: Mycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924549/identification-of-ochratoxin-a-producing-black-aspergilli-from-grapes-using-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-assays
#11
Michelangelo Storari, Giovanni A L Broggini
The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) allows the rapid and specific amplification of target DNA under isothermal conditions without a prior DNA purification step. Moreover, successful amplifications can be directly evaluated through a color change of the reaction solutions. Here, we describe two LAMP assays for the detection of ochratoxin-A producing black aspergilli isolated from grapes. The two assays can detect DNA of OTA-producing black aspergilli following a very simple sample preparation and have the potential to significantly speed up the routine monitoring of these toxigenic molds in vineyards...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904463/digital-infrared-thermal-imaging-of-crape-myrtle-leaves-infested-with-sooty-mold
#12
Jiyeon Kim, Si-Gyun Kweon, Junhyung Park, Harim Lee, Ki Woo Kim
The spatial patterns for temperature distribution on crape myrtle leaves infested with sooty mold were investigated using a digital infrared thermal imaging camera. The mean temperatures of the control and sooty regions were 26.98°C and 28.44°C, respectively. In the thermal images, the sooty regions appeared as distinct spots, indicating that the temperatures in these areas were higher than those in the control regions on the same leaves. This suggests that the sooty regions became warmer than their control regions on the adaxial leaf surface...
December 2016: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877156/a-chitosan-coating-containing-essential-oil-from-origanum-vulgare-l-to-control-postharvest-mold-infections-and-keep-the-quality-of-cherry-tomato-fruit
#13
Tainá A Barreto, Sonalle C A Andrade, Janeeyre F Maciel, Narciza M O Arcanjo, Marta S Madruga, Bruno Meireles, Ângela M T Cordeiro, Evandro L Souza, Marciane Magnani
The efficacy of an edible chitosan coating (CHI; 4 mg/mL) and Origanum vulgare L. essential oil (OVEO; 1.25 μL/mL) for maintaining the quality of cherry tomato fruit during storage at room (25°C; 12 days) and cold (12°C; 24 days) temperatures was assessed. CHI and OVEO in combination showed in vitro fungicidal effects against R. stolonifer and Aspergillus niger. CHI-OVEO coating reduced the incidence of black mold and soft rot caused by these fungi in artificially contaminated cherry tomato fruit during storage at both temperatures...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711969/survey-of-molds-in-california-processing-tomatoes
#14
Hung K Doan, Karina Perez, Richard M Davis, David C Slaughter
From 2009 to 2011, freshly harvested processing tomatoes from California commercial fields were surveyed for mold species present in the mature fruit. Molds were recovered from the majority of fruit that had visual symptoms of black mold and other decays and from about a quarter of randomly sampled, asymptomatic fruit. Alternaria, Fusarium, and Geotrichum spp. were the most commonly recovered fungi in both symptomatic and random samples. Based on pairwise statistical analysis, the frequencies of 2 different fungal genera in a composite 11 kg-sample were, in general, statistically independent events, with the exception of a weak association between the incidence of Geotrichum with Alternaria, Cladosporium, or Stemphylium...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651094/genome-sequence-of-aspergillus-luchuensis-nbrc-4314
#15
Osamu Yamada, Masayuki Machida, Akira Hosoyama, Masatoshi Goto, Toru Takahashi, Taiki Futagami, Youhei Yamagata, Michio Takeuchi, Tetsuo Kobayashi, Hideaki Koike, Keietsu Abe, Kiyoshi Asai, Masanori Arita, Nobuyuki Fujita, Kazuro Fukuda, Ken-Ichi Higa, Hiroshi Horikawa, Takeaki Ishikawa, Koji Jinno, Yumiko Kato, Kohtaro Kirimura, Osamu Mizutani, Kaoru Nakasone, Motoaki Sano, Yohei Shiraishi, Masatoshi Tsukahara, Katsuya Gomi
Awamori is a traditional distilled beverage made from steamed Thai-Indica rice in Okinawa, Japan. For brewing the liquor, two microbes, local kuro (black) koji mold Aspergillus luchuensis and awamori yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are involved. In contrast, that yeasts are used for ethanol fermentation throughout the world, a characteristic of Japanese fermentation industries is the use of Aspergillus molds as a source of enzymes for the maceration and saccharification of raw materials. Here we report the draft genome of a kuro (black) koji mold, A...
December 2016: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465310/high-sensitization-to-house-dust-mites-in-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-in-the-eastern-black-sea-region-of-turkey-a-retrospective-study
#16
Z O Coskun, O C Erdivanli, K C Kazikdas, S Terzi, U Sahin, A Ozgur, M Demirci, E Dursun, C Cingi
OBJECTIVES: Identification of the most common aeroallergens to which patients are sensitized in a specific area is important in the diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR). We determined the distribution of aeroallergens, detected by skin-prick tests (SPT), in adult patients with AR in the Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey and compared the results with the other regions of Turkey and in the world. METHODS: The medical records of SPT performed on 1457 patients with symptoms of AR (with regard to the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma 2008 guidelines) between March 2010 and March 2013 were analyzed retrospectively...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455931/application-of-fourier-transform-infrared-ftir-spectroscopy-for-rapid-detection-of-fumonisin-b2-in-raisins
#17
Dilek Heperkan, Ece Gökmen
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential use of FTIR spectroscopy as a rapid screening method to detect fumonisin produced by Aspergillus niger. A. niger spore suspensions isolated from raisins were inoculated in Petri dishes prepared with sultana raisin or black raisin extracts containing agar and malt extract agar (MEA). After 9 days of incubation at 25°C, fumonisin B2 (FB2) production on each agar plate was determined by subjecting the agar plugs to IR spectroscopy. The presence of amino group (at 1636-1639 cm(-1)) was especially indicative of fumonisin production in MEA and the raisin extracts containing agar...
July 2016: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454782/effect-of-1-methylcyclopropene-on-the-development-of-black-mold-disease-and-its-potential-effect-on-alternariol-and-alternariol-monomethyl-ether-biosynthesis-on-tomatoes-infected-with-alternaria-alternata
#18
N Estiarte, A Crespo-Sempere, S Marín, V Sanchis, A J Ramos
Ethylene is a naturally produced plant regulator involved in several plant functions, such as regulation of fruit ripening. Inhibition of ethylene perception by using 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) slows down the ripening of the fruit maintaining its quality and freshness. The use of 1-MCP is a commercial strategy commonly used in the food industry to extend the postharvest life of several fruits, including tomatoes. To assess how 1-MCP affected infection by Alternaria alternata on tomatoes, three different cultivars were artificially inoculated with 5μL of an A...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252008/depth-of-cure-of-contemporary-bulk-fill-resin-based-composites
#19
Adrian U Jin Yap, Mirali Pandya, Wei Seong Toh
This study evaluated the depth of cure (DOC) of packable and flowable bulk-fill resin-based composites (RBCs) including PRG (prereacted glass ionomer) and short-fiber materials. The materials were placed in a black split-mold with a 7 mm deep recess and cured at 700 mW/cm(2) for 20 s using a LED curing light. DOC was assessed using the ISO scraping and Knoops hardness tests. Data (n=5) were computed and analyzed using one-way ANOVA/Scheffe's post hoc test (p<0.05). ISO DOC ranged from 3.66 to 2.54 mm while DOC based on hardness testing ranged from 3 to 1...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227303/fungal-infections-associated-with-contaminated-steroid-injections
#20
Carol A Kauffman, Anurag N Malani
In mid-September 2012, the largest healthcare-associated outbreak in U.S. history began. Before it was over, 751 patients were reported with fungal meningitis, stroke, spinal or paraspinal infection, or peripheral osteoarticular infection, and 64 (8.5%) died. Most patients had undergone epidural injection, and a few osteoarticular injection, of methylprednisolone acetate that had been manufactured at the New England Compounding Center (NECC). The offending pathogen in most cases was Exserohilum rostratum, a brown-black soil organism that previously was a rare cause of human infection...
April 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
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