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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120502/necrotizing-microascus-tracheo-bronchitis-in-a-bilateral-lung-transplant-recipient
#1
Olivier Taton, Benjamin Bernier, Isabelle Etienne, Benjamin Bondue, Sophie Lecomte, Christiane Knoop, Frederique Jacob, Isabel Montesinos
Invasive fungal infections are a major cause of mortality among solid organ transplant recipients. Scopulariopsis species and their teleomorph Microascus are molds found in soil and decaying organic matter. We report here the case of a woman who underwent bilateral lung transplantation for severe emphysema. On day 25 after transplantation, endobronchial green-black lesions were detected during routine endoscopy. Endobronchial swabs, biopsies, and broncho-alveolar lavage samples were positive for Microascus cirrosus...
November 9, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081807/necrotizing-fasciitis-secondary-to-aeromonas-infection-presenting-with-septic-shock
#2
Nikhil Bhatia, Manuel Castro-Borobio, John N Greene, Sowmya Nanjappa
This report describes a case of necrotizing fasciitis presenting with septic shock due to an Aeromonas infection. The patient cut his foot while mowing the lawn and then spent time in a pool with black mold. He began feeling ill and developed swelling and a quarter-sized black area on his right lower extremity. Despite being hemodynamically unstable with systolic blood pressure in the low 70s, the patient was transferred to our facility from outside hospital 100 miles away. Upon arriving to facility, the patient appeared to be septic and the infected area of skin had grown...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976838/bulk-fill-composites-effectiveness-of-cure-with-poly-and-monowave-curing-lights-and-modes
#3
J K Gan, A U Yap, J W Cheong, N Arista, Cbk Tan
This study compared the effectiveness of cure of bulk-fill composites using polywave light-emitting diode (LED; with various curing modes), monowave LED, and conventional halogen curing lights. The bulk-fill composites evaluated were Tetric N-Ceram bulk-fill (TNC), which contained a novel germanium photoinitiator (Ivocerin), and Smart Dentin Replacement (SDR). The composites were placed into black polyvinyl molds with cylindrical recesses of 4-mm height and 3-mm diameter and photopolymerized as follows: Bluephase N Polywave High (NH), 1200 mW/cm(2) (10 seconds); Bluephase N Polywave Low (NL), 650 mW/cm(2) (18...
October 4, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951848/successful-treatment-of-aureobasidium-pullulans-central-catheter-related-fungemia-and-septic-pulmonary-emboli
#4
Sanjay R Mehta, Scott Johns, Paul Stark, Joshua Fierer
INTRODUCTION: Aureobasidium pullulans is a saprophytic fungus that is widely distributed in the environment, and in the right host can be an opportunistic human pathogen. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 66-year-old man with Crohn's disease with a single kidney, and requiring total parenteral nutrition via a Hickman catheter, was admitted with a 10-week history of progressive shortness of breath, fevers and weight loss. Chest imaging demonstrated new multifocal lung parenchymal opacities compatible with septic pulmonary emboli...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872933/improving-the-asthma-disparity-gap-with-legal-advocacy-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-identified-challenges-to-improve-social-and-environmental-factors-that-contribute-to-poorly-controlled-asthma
#5
Drew A Harris, Anne Mainardi, Osatohamwen Iyamu, Marjorie S Rosenthal, R Douglas Bruce, Margaret A Pisani, Carrie A Redlich
OBJECTIVE: To identify challenges that disadvantaged adults with asthma face in mitigating social and environmental factors associated with poor symptom control. METHODS: Using a community-engaged approach, we partnered with a community health center in New Haven, CT to conduct in-person interviews and a written survey of asthmatic adults with poor symptom control. Using the constant comparative method, we analyzed participant interviews to establish emerging themes and identify common barriers to improved outcomes...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813608/hot-air-treatment-induces-disease-resistance-through-activating-the-phenylpropanoid-metabolism-in-cherry-tomato-fruit
#6
Yingying Wei, Dandan Zhou, Jing Peng, Leiqing Pan, Kang Tu
To explore the effects of hot air (HA, 38 °C for 12 h) treatment on the phenylpropanoid metabolism in cherry tomatoes, phenylpropanoid metabolite levels and the activities and expression of key enzymes were analyzed in HA-treated fruit. HA treatment enhanced phenylpropanoid metabolism, as evidenced by elevated levels of phenolics and flavonoids, higher activities of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and cinnamate-4-hydroxylase, and upregulated expression of LeCHS, LeCHI, LeF3H, and LeFLS. Levels of several phenylpropanoid metabolites were higher after HA treatment, including p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, isoquercitrin, quercetin, and rutin...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771577/a-survey-of-the-mycobiota-associated-with-larvae-of-the-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-reared-for-feed-production
#7
Ilaria Varotto Boccazzi, Matteo Ottoboni, Elena Martin, Francesco Comandatore, Lisa Vallone, Thomas Spranghers, Mia Eeckhout, Valeria Mereghetti, Luciano Pinotti, Sara Epis
Feed security, feed quality and issues surrounding the safety of raw materials are always of interest to all livestock farmers, feed manufacturers and competent authorities. These concerns are even more important when alternative feed ingredients, new product developments and innovative feeding trends, like insect-meals, are considered. The black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) is considered a good candidate to be used as feed ingredient for aquaculture and other farm animals, mainly as an alternative protein source...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769914/isolation-characterization-and-selection-of-molds-associated-to-fermented-black-table-olives
#8
Simona L Bavaro, Antonia Susca, Jens C Frisvad, Maria Tufariello, Agathi Chytiri, Giancarlo Perrone, Giovanni Mita, Antonio F Logrieco, Gianluca Bleve
Table olives are one of the most important fermented food in the Mediterranean countries. Apart from lactic acid bacteria and yeasts that mainly conduct the olive fermentation, molds can develop on the brine surface, and can have either deleterious or useful effects on this process. From the food safety point of view, occurring molds could also produce mycotoxins, so, it is important to monitor and control them. In this respect, identification of molds associated to two Italian and two Greek fermented black table olives cultivars, was carried out...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667107/the-two-cryptochrome-photolyase-family-proteins-fulfill-distinct-roles-in-dna-photorepair-and-regulation-of-conidiation-in-the-gray-mold-fungus-botrytis-cinerea
#9
Kim C Cohrs, Julia Schumacher
The plant-pathogenic leotiomycete Botrytis cinerea is known for the strict regulation of its asexual differentiation programs by environmental light conditions. Sclerotia are formed in constant darkness; black/near-UV (NUV) light induces conidiation; and blue light represses both differentiation programs. Sensing of black/NUV light is attributed to proteins of the cryptochrome/photolyase family (CPF). To elucidate the molecular basis of the photoinduction of conidiation, we functionally characterized the two CPF proteins encoded in the genome of B...
September 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570707/de-novo-characterization-of-the-pine-aphid-cinara-pinitabulaeformis-zhang-et-zhang-transcriptome-and-analysis-of-genes-relevant-to-pesticides
#10
Songqing Wu, Zhicheng Huang, Carballar-Lejarazú Rebeca, Xiaoli Zhu, Yajie Guo, Qiannan Lin, Xia Hu, Rong Wang, Guanghong Liang, Xiong Guan, Feiping Zhang
The pine aphid Cinara pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang is the main pine pest in China, it causes pine needles to produce dense dew (honeydew) which can lead to sooty mold (black filamentous saprophytic ascomycetes). Although common chemical and physical strategies are used to prevent the disease caused by C. pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang, new strategies based on biological and/or genetic approaches are promising to control and eradicate the disease. However, there is no information about genomics, proteomics or transcriptomics to allow the design of new control strategies for this pine aphid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507410/isolation-and-identification-of-fungi-associated-with-spoilt-fruits-vended-in-gwagwalada-market-abuja-nigeria
#11
Samuel Mailafia, God'spower Richard Okoh, Hamza Olatunde K Olabode, Ramatu Osanupin
AIM: Annual reports have shown that 20% of fruits and vegetables produced are lost to spoilage. This study was undertaken to isolate and identify fungi that are associated with spoilt fruits commonly sold in Gwagwalada market, Abuja, and recommend appropriate control measure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Gwagwalada metropolis, Gwagwalada Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 100 spoilt fruits which include pawpaw (Carica papaya), orange (Citrus sinensis), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), pineapple (Ananas comosus), and watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) were purchased and examined for the presence of fungal organisms using standard methods...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480108/fungal-brain-abscess-caused-by-black-mold-cladophialophora-bantiana-a-case-report-of-successful-treatment-with-an-emphasis-on-how-fungal-brain-abscess-may-be-different-from-bacterial-brain-abscess
#12
Zaid Aljuboori, Rob Hruska, Alae Yaseen, Forest Arnold, Barbara Wojda, Haring Nauta
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system infection with Cladophialophora bantiana (Black Mold) is rare. It carries a high mortality rate, that is more than 70%, despite multimodal therapy. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a rare case of "black mold" fungal brain abscess that was successfully treated with good patient outcome. The case is unusual because there were two fungal brain abscesses located bilaterally symmetrically in the mesial frontal lobes, and the response to different treatment strategies was well documented by over 25 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479192/predictors-of-emergency-department-use-in-children-with-persistent-asthma-in-metropolitan-atlanta-georgia
#13
Jeffery M Franklin, Jocelyn R Grunwell, Alice C Bruce, Robin C Smith, Anne M Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities are evident among children with asthma in the United States, with non-Hispanic black children at particularly high risk for poor asthma outcomes, including frequent emergency department (ED) use for asthma exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To compare asthma features in non-Hispanic black vs white children in Atlanta, Georgia, and determine what clinical features predict future ED use for asthma. METHODS: Self-reported black and white children 6 to 17 years of age with persistent asthma treated with controller medications completed medical history questionnaires, lung function testing, aeroallergen sensitization testing, and venipuncture...
August 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478966/a-rare-case-of-multiple-brain-abscess-and-probably-disseminated-phaeohyphomycosis-due-to-cladophialophora-bantiana-in-an-immunosuppressed-individual-from-india
#14
S Lahiri Mukhopadhyay, A Mahadevan, V H Bahubali, R Dawn Bharath, A R Prabhuraj, S Maji, N Siddaiah
Cladophialophora bantiana, a dematiaceous neurotropic mold causes rare and lethal brain abscess, commonly in immunocompetent hosts. We report a rare and probably a case of disseminated infection with this black mold in an immunosuppressed individual from India. A 55-year-old diabetic male presented with severe headache, blurred-vision, behavioural abnormalities, eye-pain and ear-discharge. He was undergoing treatment for hypertension, prostatomegaly and obstructive pulmonary disease. He was on steroids for the past six years for uveitis...
May 3, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467730/combination-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-mold-infections
#15
Matthew William McCarthy, Vidmantas Petraitis, Thomas J Walsh
Pulmonary mold infections are caused by ubiquitous organisms found in soil, water, and decaying vegetation, including Aspergillus spp., the Mucormycetes, hyaline molds, and dematiaceous (black) molds. Areas covered: These infections are often a challenge to diagnose and even more difficult to treat. Recently, antifungal combination therapy has emerged as a promising strategy to treat some forms of invasive mycoses, including pulmonary mold infections. Historically, this approach has been limited due to non-uniform interpretation criteria, variations in pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic properties of antifungals used in combination, and an inability to predict clinical success based on in vitro data and animal models...
May 9, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403528/superficial-black-onychomycosis-due-to-neoscytalidium-dimidiatum
#16
LETTER
N Di Chiacchio, L F Noriega, N Gioia Di Chiacchio, J Ocampo-Garza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299723/mold-and-human-health-a-reality-check
#17
REVIEW
Andrea T Borchers, Christopher Chang, M Eric Gershwin
There are possibly millions of mold species on earth. The vast majority of these mold spores live in harmony with humans, rarely causing disease. The rare species that does cause disease does so by triggering allergies or asthma, or may be involved in hypersensitivity diseases such as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis or allergic fungal sinusitis. Other hypersensitivity diseases include those related to occupational or domiciliary exposures to certain mold species, as in the case of Pigeon Breeder's disease, Farmer's lung, or humidifier fever...
June 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154571/a-review-of-perennial-ryegrass-endophytes-and-their-potential-use-in-the-management-of-african-black-beetle-in-perennial-grazing-systems-in-australia
#18
REVIEW
Mijail Karpyn Esqueda, Alan L Yen, Simone Rochfort, Kathryn M Guthridge, Kevin S Powell, Jacqueline Edwards, German C Spangenberg
The major insect pest of Australian cool temperate pastures is the root-feeding insect Heteronychus arator (African black beetle, ABB). Significant pasture damage can occur even at low ABB densities (11 individuals per square meter), and often re-sowing of the whole paddock is required. Mitigation of the effects of pasture pests, and in particular subterranean species such as the larval form of ABB, can be challenging. Early detection is limited by the ability to visualize above-ground symptoms, and chemical control of insects in soil is often ineffective...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154484/analysis-of-the-mat1-1-and-mat1-2-gene-ratio-in-black-koji-molds-isolated-from-meju
#19
Anbazhagan Mageswari, Jeong-Seon Kim, Kyu-Ho Cheon, Soon-Wo Kwon, Osamu Yamada, Seung-Beom Hong
Aspergillus luchuensis is known as an industrially important fungal species used for making fermented foods such as awamori and shochu in Japan, makgeolli and Meju in Korea, and Pu-erh tea in China. Nonetheless, this species has not yet been widely studied regarding mating-type genes. In this study, we examined the MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 gene ratio in black koji molds (A. luchuensis, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus tubingensis) and in Aspergillus welwitschiae isolated from Meju, a fermented soybean starting material for traditional soy sauce and soybean paste in Korea...
December 2016: Mycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924549/identification-of-ochratoxin-a-producing-black-aspergilli-from-grapes-using-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-assays
#20
Michelangelo Storari, Giovanni A L Broggini
The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) allows the rapid and specific amplification of target DNA under isothermal conditions without a prior DNA purification step. Moreover, successful amplifications can be directly evaluated through a color change of the reaction solutions. Here, we describe two LAMP assays for the detection of ochratoxin-A producing black aspergilli isolated from grapes. The two assays can detect DNA of OTA-producing black aspergilli following a very simple sample preparation and have the potential to significantly speed up the routine monitoring of these toxigenic molds in vineyards...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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