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Tobias Ruck, Ali Maisam Afzali, Karl-Friedrich Lukat, Maria Eveslage, Catharina C Gross, Steffen Pfeuffer, Stefan Bittner, Luisa Klotz, Nico Melzer, Heinz Wiendl, Sven G Meuth
BACKGROUND: Alemtuzumab (Lemtrada®) is a newly approved therapeutic agent for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). In previous phase II and III clinical trials, alemtuzumab has proven superior efficacy to subcutaneous interferon beta-1a concerning relapse rate and disability progression with unprecedented durability and long-lasting freedom of disease activity. The humanized monoclonal antibody targets CD52, leading to a rapid and long-lasting depletion, especially of B and T cells...
2016: BMC Neurology
(no author information available yet)
As of late 2014, interferon beta injection was the standard "disease-modifying" treatment for patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, in the absence of a better alternative. Alemtuzumab (Lemtrada degree, Genzyme Therapeutics), an antilymphocyte monoclonal antibody first used in some types of leukaemia, is authorised in the European Union, at a different dosage, for patients with multiple sclerosis. Clinical evaluation in multiple sclerosis is based on three unblinded trials comparing alemtuzumab with interferon beta-1a...
March 2015: Prescrire International
Sreeram Ramagopalan, Radek Wasiak, Andrew P Cox
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common complex disorder, with new treatment options emerging each year. Social media is being increasingly used to investigate opinions about drugs, diseases and procedures. In this descriptive exploratory study, we sought to investigate opinions about currently available MS treatments. METHODS: The Twitter resource Topsy was searched for tweets mentioning the following MS treatments: Aubagio, Avonex, Betaferon or Betaseron, Copaxone, Extavia, Gilenya, Lemtrada, Novantrone, Rebif, Tysabri and Tecfidera between 1 Jan 2006 to 31 Jul 2014...
2014: F1000Research
Joanne L Jones, Alasdair J Coles
The lymphocyte depleting anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody alemtuzumab has been used in Cambridge, UK, as an experimental treatment of multiple sclerosis since 1991. One phase-2 trial (CAMMS-223) and two phase-3 studies (CARE-MS1 and CARE-MS2) have confirmed its efficacy in treatment-naive patients, and have established superiority over interferon beta-1a in patients who continue to relapse in spite of first-line therapy (Cohen et al., 2012; Coles et al., 2008; Coles et al., 2012a; Coles et al., 2012b). Despite causing a prolonged T cell lymphopenia, significant infections have not been an issue following treatment; rather alemtuzumab's primary safety concern is secondary autoimmunity, occurring up to five years after treatment and maximally at two years: 30% of patients develops thyroid autoimmunity, and 1% develops idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)...
December 2014: Experimental Neurology
Karly P Garnock-Jones
Alemtuzumab (Lemtrada™) is a humanized therapeutic monoclonal antibody, which has been approved for use in patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia for several years, and has recently become approved in the EU and several other countries for use in adult patients with active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. This article reviews the available pharmacological properties of intravenous infusions of alemtuzumab and its clinical efficacy and tolerability in adult patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis...
March 2014: Drugs
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