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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356206/survey-of-diagnostic-and-treatment-practices-for-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-part-2-progressive-ms-paediatric-ms-pregnancy-and-general-management
#1
Oscar Fernández, Mario Delvecchio, Gilles Edan, Sten Fredrikson, Gavin Giovannoni, Hans-Peter Hartung, Eva Havrdova, Ludwig Kappos, Carlo Pozzilli, Per Soelberg Soerensen, Björn Tackenberg, Patrick Vermersch, Giancarlo Comi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The European Charcot Foundation supported development of a set of surveys to understand current practice patterns for diagnosis and management of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Europe. Part 2 of the report summarises survey results related to secondary progressive MS (SPMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), pregnancy, paediatric MS and overall patient management. METHODS: A steering committee of MS neurologists developed case- and practice-based questions for two sequential surveys distributed to MS neurologists throughout Europe...
January 21, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355711/implication-of-the-kallikrein-kinin-system-on-neurological-disorders-quest-for-potential-biomarkers-and-mechanisms
#2
REVIEW
Amaly Nokkari, Hadi Abou-El-Hassan, Yehia Mechref, Stefania Mondello, Mark S Kindy, Ayad A Jaffa, Firas Kobeissy
Neurological disorders represent major health concerns in terms of comorbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite a tremendous increase in our understanding of the pathophysiological processes involved in disease progression and prevention, the accumulated knowledge so far resulted in relatively moderate translational benefits in terms of therapeutic interventions and enhanced clinical outcomes. Aiming at specific neural molecular pathways, different strategies have been geared to target the development and progression of such disorders...
January 16, 2018: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355118/should-i-stay-or-should-i-go-a-prospective-investigation-examining-individual-factors-impacting-employment-status-among-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms
#3
Lauren B Strober, Nancy Chiaravalloti, John DeLuca
BACKGROUND: Rates of unemployment among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) are as high as 80%. While several factors for such high rates of unemployment have been identified, they do not account for the majority of the variance. OBJECTIVE: This study examines person-specific factors such as personality and coping, which may better account for individuals leaving the workforce. METHOD: Forty individuals with MS (20 considering reducing work hours or leaving the workforce and 20 remaining employed) were matched on age, gender, education, disease duration, and disease course, and administered a comprehensive survey of factors purported to be related to employment status...
January 19, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354163/secondary-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-in-mccune-albright-syndrome
#4
Symeon Tournis, Alexia Balanika, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Andreas F Mavrogenis
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia in combination with caféau-lait macules and hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies consists of a rare clinical condition termed as McCune-Albright syndrome. Aneurysmal bone cysts are tumor-like cystic lesions, composed of blood-filled compartments. They may occur as primary lesions or secondary to other pathologies; most commonly giant cell tumors of bone. However, secondary aneurysmal bone cysts in McCune-Albright syndrome are exceptional. We present a 28-year-old female with McCune-Albright syndrome...
September 2017: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354002/cerebrospinal-fluid-dynamics-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-the-role-of-phase-contrast-mri-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-active-and-chronic-disease
#5
Serkan Öner, Ayşegül Sağır Kahraman, Cemal Özcan, Zeynep Maraş Özdemir, Serkan Ünlü, Özden Kamışlı, Zülal Öner
Objective: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease characterized by demyelinating plaques in the white matter. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been proposed as a new hypothesis for the etiopathogenesis of MS disease. MS-CCSVI includes a significant decrease of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow through the cerebral aqueduct secondary to an impaired venous outflow from the central nervous system. This study aimed to determine whether CSF flow dynamics are affected in MS patients and the contributions to differential diagnosis in active and chronic disease using phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI)...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353737/biomarkers-identification-for-pml-monitoring-during-natalizumab-tysabri%C3%A2-treatment-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#6
REVIEW
Veronica Lanza Cariccio, Placido Bramanti, Emanuela Mazzon
Natalizumab (NTZ, Tysabri®; Biogen-Idec, Cambridge, MA, USA) is a humanized anti-α4 integrin monoclonal antibody, largely used in the treatment of Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS). Although the drug has shown great efficacy in clinical trials (AFFIRM and SENTINEL) and in post-marketing observational studies (TYGRIS), by reducing clinical signs as disability status progression, brain lesions and annual relapse rate, there are numerous papers concerning the associated risk of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)...
January 17, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353736/mitochondrial-leukoencephalopathies-a-border-zone-between-acquired-and-inherited-white-matter-disorders-in-children
#7
Parayil Sankaran Bindu, Kothari Sonam, Shwetha Chiplunkar, Periyasamy Govindaraj, Madhu Nagappa, Chetan Chandrakanth Vekhande, Hanumanthapura R Aravinda, Jn Jessiena Ponmalar, Anita Mahadevan, Narayanappa Gayathri, Mm Srinivas Bharath, Sanjib Sinha, Arun B Taly
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence implicating mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of acquired demyelinating disorders such as multiple sclerosis. On the other hand, some of the primary mitochondrial disorders such as mitochondrial leukoencephalopathies exhibit evidence of neuroinflammation on MRI. The inter-relationship between mitochondrial disorders and episodic CNS inflammation needs exploration because of the therapeutic implications. OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyze the clinical course and MRI characteristics in a cohort of patients with mitochondrial leukoencephalopathy to determine features, if any, that mimic primary demyelinating disorders...
January 6, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353734/parental-ethnicity-associated-with-risk-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-population-based-incident-case-control-study-in-iran
#8
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Nasrin Asgari
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) includes a consideration of geography and population ethnicity. To determine whether there is any association between ethnicity and risk of MS in a multiethnic, population-based case-control study. METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control of 547 incident MS cases and 1057 healthy controls between August 2013 and February 2015, Tehran, a multi-ethnic city. The patients were identified and enrolled through the Iranian MS Society...
January 17, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353671/quantitative-determination-of-cyclic-phosphatidic-acid-and-its-carba-analog-in-mouse-organs-and-plasma-using-lc-ms-ms
#9
Yoshibumi Shimizu, Masaki Ishikawa, Mari Gotoh, Keiko Fukasawa, Shinji Yamamoto, Kensuke Iwasa, Keisuke Yoshikawa, Kimiko Murakami-Murofushi
Cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA), an analog of lysophosphatidic acid, is involved in the regulation of many cellular processes. A sensitive and specific method to quantify the molecular species of cPA is important for studying the physiological and pathophysiological roles of cPA. Here, we developed a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)-based quantification method for the simultaneous detection of cPA species having various fatty acids (16:0, 18:0, 18:1, and 18:2) as well as 2-carba-cPA, a chemically synthesized analog of cPA...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353550/ectrims-ean-guideline-on-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Xavier Montalban, Ralf Gold, Alan J Thompson, Susana Otero-Romero, Maria Pia Amato, Dhia Chandraratna, Michel Clanet, Giancarlo Comi, Tobias Derfuss, Franz Fazekas, Hans Peter Hartung, Eva Havrdova, Bernhard Hemmer, Ludwig Kappos, Roland Liblau, Catherine Lubetzki, Elena Marcus, David H Miller, Tomas Olsson, Steve Pilling, Krysztof Selmaj, Axel Siva, Per Soelberg Sorensen, Maria Pia Sormani, Christoph Thalheim, Heinz Wiendl, Frauke Zipp
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex disease with new drugs becoming available in the past years. There is a need for a reference tool compiling current data to aid professionals in treatment decisions. OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence-based clinical practice guideline for the pharmacological treatment of people with MS. METHODS: This guideline has been developed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology and following the updated EAN recommendations...
January 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353127/physical-comorbidities-increase-the-risk-of-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-immune-mediated-inflammatory-disease
#11
Ruth Ann Marrie, Randy Walld, James M Bolton, Jitender Sareen, John R Walker, Scott B Patten, Alexander Singer, Lisa M Lix, Carol A Hitchon, Renée El-Gabalawy, Alan Katz, John D Fisk, Charles N Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: We tested the association between physical comorbidity and incident depression, anxiety disorder and bipolar disorder in three immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID): inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) versus age-, sex- and geographically-matched controls. METHODS: Using population-based administrative data we identified 6119 persons with IBD, 3514 persons with MS, 10,206 persons with RA and 97,727 matched controls...
January 11, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352526/ectrims-ean-guideline-on-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
X Montalban, R Gold, A J Thompson, S Otero-Romero, M P Amato, D Chandraratna, M Clanet, G Comi, T Derfuss, F Fazekas, H P Hartung, E Havrdova, B Hemmer, L Kappos, R Liblau, C Lubetzki, E Marcus, D H Miller, T Olsson, S Pilling, K Selmaj, A Siva, P S Sorensen, M P Sormani, C Thalheim, H Wiendl, F Zipp
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex disease of the central nervous system. As new drugs are becoming available, knowledge on diagnosis and treatment must continuously evolve. There is therefore a need for a reference tool compiling current data on benefit and safety, to aid professionals in treatment decisions and use of resources across Europe. The European Committee of Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis (ECTRIMS) and the European Academy of Neurology (EAN) have joined forces to meet this need...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352485/nonclassical-monocytes-are-they-the-next-therapeutic-targets-in-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Bahareh Ajami, Lawrence Steinman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352444/activation-of-the-anti-aging-and-cognition-enhancing-gene-klotho-by-crispr-dcas9-transcriptional-effector-complex
#14
Ci-Di Chen, Ella Zeldich, Yuexuan Li, Andrea Yuste, Carmela R Abraham
Multiple lines of evidence show that the anti-aging and cognition-enhancing protein Klotho fosters neuronal survival, increases the anti-oxidative stress defense, and promotes remyelination of demyelinated axons. Thus, upregulation of the Klotho gene can potentially alleviate the symptoms and/or prevent the progression of age-associated neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Here we used a CRISPR-dCas9 complex to investigate single-guide RNA (sgRNA) targeting the Klotho promoter region for efficient transcriptional activation of the Klotho gene...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352234/bi-exponential-3d-t1%C3%AF-mapping-of-whole-brain-at-3%C3%A2-t
#15
Rajiv G Menon, Azadeh Sharafi, Johannes Windschuh, Ravinder R Regatte
Detection of multiple relaxation pools using MRI is useful in a number of neuro-pathologies including multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer's, and stroke. In this study we evaluate the feasibility of using T1ρ imaging for the detection of bi-exponential decays in the human brain. A prospective T1ρ imaging study was performed on model relaxation phantoms (eggs) and 7 healthy volunteers. The data was fitted using a single pool and a 2-pool model to estimate mono- and bi-exponential T1ρ maps, respectively. Bi-exponential decays were identified in the gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) of the brain with 40...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352101/activation-of-disease-during-therapy-with-alemtuzumab-in-3-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Thomas Wehrum, Lena-Alexandra Beume, Oliver Stich, Irina Mader, Mathias Mäurer, Adam Czaplinski, Cornelius Weiller, Sebastian Rauer
OBJECTIVE: To report 3 patients with multiple sclerosis showing severe activation of disease during immunotherapy with alemtuzumab. METHODS: Retrospective case series. RESULTS: Patient 1, a 21-year-old woman, developed severe cognitive impairment, sight deterioration, severe gait ataxia, urinary retention, and extensive progression of cerebral lesion load, including new lesions that exhibited gadolinium ring enhancement and dominance of CD19/20-positive B lymphocytes, 6 months after induction of alemtuzumab...
January 19, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351742/herv-w-group-evolutionary-history-in-non-human-primates-characterization-of-erv-w-orthologs-in-catarrhini-and-related-erv-groups-in-platyrrhini
#17
Nicole Grandi, Marta Cadeddu, Jonas Blomberg, Jens Mayer, Enzo Tramontano
BACKGROUND: The genomes of all vertebrates harbor remnants of ancient retroviral infections, having affected the germ line cells during the last 100 million years. These sequences, named Endogenous Retroviruses (ERVs), have been transmitted to the offspring in a Mendelian way, being relatively stable components of the host genome even long after their exogenous counterparts went extinct. Among human ERVs (HERVs), the HERV-W group is of particular interest for our physiology and pathology...
January 19, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350435/from-micro-to-macro-structures-in-multiple-sclerosis-what-is-the-added-value-of-diffusion-imaging
#18
Mara Cercignani, Claudia Gandini Wheeler-Kingshott
Diffusion imaging has been instrumental in understanding damage to the central nervous system as a result of its sensitivity to microstructural changes. Clinical applications of diffusion imaging have grown exponentially over the past couple of decades in many neurological and neurodegenerative diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS). For several reasons, MS has been extensively researched using advanced neuroimaging techniques, which makes it an 'example disease' to illustrate the potential of diffusion imaging for clinical applications...
January 19, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350300/the-relationship-between-gait-variability-and-cognitive-functions-differs-between-fallers-and-non-fallers-in-ms
#19
Alon Kalron, Roy Aloni, Mark Dolev, Lior Frid, Uri Givon, Shay Menascu
The objective of the study was to determine if cognitive function is associated with step time variability in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The study included 355 PwMS (218 women), average age 41.1 (SD = 13.5), disease duration 5.9 (SD = 7.3) years, and a median expanded disability status scale score of 2.5. We separately analyzed the sample group of fallers and non-fallers based on their fall history. Gait variability was measured by an electronic walkway and all participants completed a computerized cognitive test battery designed to evaluate multiple cognitive domains...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349985/-risk-factors-analysis-for-low-back-pain-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Meng-Qi Na, Shan Deng, Xian-Lei Yan, Yu-Lin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate musculoskeletal disorders and risk factors of low back pain in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: In this study, patients in our hospital with confirmed MS with an expanded disabilitystatus scale (EDSS) score between 4 to 7 were selected. Data of MS history, pain, musculoskeletal disorders, muscle strength and spasticity in lower limbs were collected. RESULTS: Among 190 patients, there were 61 males and 129 females, with an average age of(54...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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