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A Suneetha, K Raja Rajeswari
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the CNS affecting both white and grey matter. Inflammation and oxidative stress are also thought to promote tissue damage in multiple sclerosis. Recent data point at an important role of anti-oxidative pathways for tissue protection in chronic MS, particularly involving the transcription factor nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2). Thus, novel therapeutics enhancing cellular resistance to free radicals could prove useful for MS treatment...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
N V Khachanova, T V Gorokhova
Teriflunomide is a novel oral medication for relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), which has demonstrated it's efficacy in relapse rate reduction. It's efficacy has been confirmed by MRI results as well. It is safe and well-tolerated, with mild and transitory side effects. Nevertheless, risk management plan should be applied to minimize and monitor possible adverse events.
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
(no author information available yet)
In mid-2014, subcutaneous or intramuscular interferon beta injection is the standard disease-modifying treatment for patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, in the absence of a better alternative. Teriflunomide, the main active metabolite of leflunomide, has been approved as an oral treatment in this setting. Both substances have immunosuppressive effects. Clinical evaluation of teriflunomide is based on a comparative trial versus interferon beta-1a in 324 patients and on two placebo-controlled trials in a total of about 2300 patients lasting 1 to 2 years...
March 2015: Prescrire International
Siddharama Pawate, Francesca Bagnato
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common cause of nontraumatic neurological disability in young adults. There is great need for developing effective treatments to arrest the disease. As of today, there is no cure for MS but several agents mitigating its effects are available. The era of disease-modifying therapy began with the use of interferon beta and glatiramer acetate in the 1990s. Given the injectable nature and the limited efficacy of these agents, efforts are ongoing to develop new treatments...
April 2015: Neurologist
Sreeram Ramagopalan, Radek Wasiak, Andrew P Cox
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common complex disorder, with new treatment options emerging each year. Social media is being increasingly used to investigate opinions about drugs, diseases and procedures. In this descriptive exploratory study, we sought to investigate opinions about currently available MS treatments. METHODS: The Twitter resource Topsy was searched for tweets mentioning the following MS treatments: Aubagio, Avonex, Betaferon or Betaseron, Copaxone, Extavia, Gilenya, Lemtrada, Novantrone, Rebif, Tysabri and Tecfidera between 1 Jan 2006 to 31 Jul 2014...
2014: F1000Research
(no author information available yet)
▼Teriflunomide (Aubagio-Genzyme Therapeutics), the main metabolite of the disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug leflunomide,1 is an immunomodulatory agent with anti-inflammatory properties.2 It is a new oral treatment licensed for adults with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Here we discuss the evidence for its effectiveness and safety, and consider its place in therapy.
July 2014: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Amit Bar-Or
Teriflunomide (Aubagio®) is a once-daily oral immunomodulatory disease modifying therapy (DMT) presently approved in several regions, including Europe, North America, Latin America and Australia, for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (RMS; RRMS). The therapeutic mode of action of teriflunomide in MS continues to be investigated. This review summarizes the main efficacy and safety results of the clinical trial program leading to teriflunomide's approval, highlights a number of practical clinical considerations, and overviews its presumed therapeutic mode of action (MOA) based on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic observations and the growing body of teriflunomide-related in vitro, pre-clinical (animal model), and in vivo human studies...
December 2014: Experimental Neurology
Guy Sabourin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: Perspective Infirmière: Revue Officielle de L'Ordre des Infirmières et Infirmiers du Québec
Bianca Weinstock-Guttman
Disease-modifying therapies (DMTs), known to actively reduce relapses and delay disability progression, have been used for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) for over a decade. These well-known therapies include intramuscular (IM) interferon (IFN) beta-1a (Avonex), subcutaneous (SC) IFN beta-1a (Rebif), SC IFN beta- 1b (Betaseron; Extavia), and SC glatiramer acetate (Copaxone). These first-line therapies have shown only partial benefits for controlling multiple sclerosis (MS) disease activity and are often associated with inadequate patient adherence...
November 2013: American Journal of Managed Care
Alireza Minagar
With the introduction of interferon- β 1b in 1993 as the first FDA-approved treatment for multiple sclerosis, the era of treatment of this incurable disease began, and its natural course was permanently changed. Currently, seven different treatments for patients with multiple sclerosis with different mechanisms of action and dissimilar side effect profiles exist. These medications include interferon- β 1a intramuscular (Avonex), interferon- β 1a subcutaneous (Rebif), interferon- β 1b subcutaneous (Betaseron/Extavia), glatiramer acetate (Copaxone), natalizumab (Tysabri), fingolimod (Gilenya), teriflunomide (Aubagio), and mitoxantrone (Novantrone)...
2013: Scientifica
Karly P Garnock-Jones
Teriflunomide (Aubagio™) is the main active metabolite of leflunomide, an established disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug. Teriflunomide is an inhibitor of de novo pyrimidine synthesis, reducing lymphocyte proliferation, amongst other immunomodulatory effects; autoimmunity is believed to be one of the potential mechanisms of disease for multiple sclerosis. Teriflunomide is considered cytostatic but not cytotoxic: it does not affect resting or slowly dividing lymphocytes. This article reviews the available pharmacological properties of oral teriflunomide and its clinical efficacy and tolerability in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis...
December 2013: CNS Drugs
G M Hadjigeorgiou, C Doxani, M Miligkos, P Ziakas, G Bakalos, D Papadimitriou, T Mprotsis, N Grigoriadis, E Zintzaras
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The relative effectiveness and safety profile of the treatments with marketing authorization for relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) are not well known because randomized controlled trials with head-to-head comparisons between these treatments do not exist. Thus, a network of multiple-treatments meta-analysis was performed using four clinical outcomes: 'patients free of relapse', 'patients without disease progression', 'patients without MRI progression' and 'patients with adverse events'...
December 2013: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
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