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Paediatric spine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885641/apophyseal-ossification-of-the-iliac-crest-in-forensic-age-estimation-computed-tomography-standards-for-modern-australian-subadults
#1
Nicolene Lottering, Clair L Alston-Knox, Donna M MacGregor, Maree T Izatt, Caroline A Grant, Clayton J Adam, Laura S Gregory
This study contrasts the ontogeny of the iliac crest apophysis using conventional radiography and multislice computed tomography (MSCT), providing probabilistic information for age estimation of modern Australian subadults. Retrospective abdominopelvic MSCT data acquired from 524 Australian individuals aged 7-25 and surveillance radiographs of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients included in the Paediatric Spine Research Group Progression Study (n = 531) were assessed. Ossification scoring of pseudo-radiographs and three-dimensional (3D) volume-rendered reconstructions using Risser (1958) quantitative descriptors indicate discrepancies in age estimates, stage allocation, and conflicting morphological progression...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858694/goniometric-evaluation-of-the-spinal-sagittal-curves-in-children-and-adolescents-a-reliability-study
#2
Aristide Gravina, Claudio Ferraro, Patrizia Poli, Michele Barazzuol, Alessandra Del Felice, Stefano Masiero
BACKGROUND: Gold standard for spine deformities assessment is X rays, but the procedure bears a risk of exposure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of a pocket compass needle goniometer (IncliMed®, University of Padua) to non-invasively evaluate spine curves in children and adolescents. METHODS: Prospective reliability study in a paediatric population (mean age 12.5 years ± 2.5). Children with spine deformities (Scheuermann's or postural kyphosis, idiopathic scoliosis) and healthy controls were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765034/use-of-structured-musculoskeletal-examination-routines-in-undergraduate-medical-education-and-postgraduate-clinical-practice-a-uk-survey
#3
Kenneth F Baker, Sharmila Jandial, Ben Thompson, David Walker, Ken Taylor, Helen E Foster
BACKGROUND: Structured examination routines have been developed as educational resources for musculoskeletal clinical skills teaching, including Gait-Arms-Legs-Spine (GALS), Regional Examination of the Musculoskeletal System (REMS) and paediatric GALS (pGALS). In this study, we aimed to assess the awareness and use of these examination routines in undergraduate medical teaching in UK medical schools and UK postgraduate clinical practice. METHODS: Electronic questionnaires were distributed to adult and paediatric musculoskeletal teaching leads at UK medical schools and current UK doctors in training...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757567/traumatic-atlanto-occipital-dislocation-in-children-a-case-based-update-on-clinical-characteristics-management-and-outcome
#4
Thomas Beez, Jennifer Brown
BACKGROUND: Atlanto-occipital dislocation (AOD) is a rare but severe sequela of high energy trauma. Children are at increased risk, due to their immature spine and biomechanical characteristics. LITERATURE REVIEW: The prevailing mechanism of injury is motor vehicle collision as passenger. AOD commonly presents with cardiorespiratory arrest, spinal cord injury or cranial nerve deficits. Concomitant injuries, such as traumatic brain injury, are frequently encountered...
October 18, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672641/small-bowel-entrapment-and-ureteropelvic-junction-disruption-associated-with-l3-chance-fracture-dislocation
#5
Sebastien Pesenti, Benjamin Blondel, Alice Faure, Emilie Peltier, Franck Launay, Jean-Luc Jouve
Paediatric Chance fracture are rare lesions but often associated with abdominal injuries. We herein present the case of a seven years old patient who sustained an entrapment of small bowel and an ureteropelvic disruption associated with a Chance fracture and spine dislocation following a traffic accident. Initial X-rays and computed tomographic (CT) scan showed a Chance fracture with dislocation of L3 vertebra, with an incarceration of a small bowel loop in the spinal canal and a complete section of the left lumbar ureter...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606014/immediate-and-long-term-outcome-analysis-of-lipomeningomyelocele-repair-in-asymptomatic-infants-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#6
Prashant Sadashiv Patil, Abhaya Gupta, Paras L Kothari, Geeta Kekre, Rahul Gupta, Vishesh Dikshit, Kedar Mudkhedkar, Krishna Kesan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze immediate and long-term results of lipomeningomyelocele (LMM) repair in asymptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients of LMM presented to Department of Paediatric Surgery over a period from 2011 to 2015 were evaluated preoperatively by magnetic resonance imaging of whole spine, and pre- and post-operative Ultrasound of kidney, ureter, bladder, and neurosonogram. Surgical procedure involved total excision of lipoma in 15 patients and near total excision in 2 patients...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604617/12th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#7
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564918/temporomandibular-joint-involvement-is-associated-with-quality-of-life-disability-and-high-disease-activity-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#8
Paula Frid, Ellen Nordal, Francesca Bovis, Gabriella Giancane, Tore A Larheim, Marite Rygg, Denise Pires Marafon, Donato De Angelis, Elena Palmisani, Kevin J Murray, Sheila Oliveira, Gabriele Simonini, Fabrizia Corona, Joyce Davidson, Helen Foster, Michel H Steenks, Berit Flato, Francesco Zulian, Eileen Baildam, Rotraud K Saurenmann, Pekka Lahdenne, Angelo Ravelli, Alberto Martini, Angela Pistorio, Nicolino Ruperto
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the demographic, disease activity, disability and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) differences between children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and their healthy peers, and between children with JIA with and without clinical temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement and its determinants. METHODS: This study is based on a cross-sectional cohort of 3343 children with JIA and 3409 healthy peers, enrolled in the Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation (PRINTO) health-related quality of life (HRQoL) study or in the methotrexate trial...
August 26, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490028/amalgamated-reference-data-for-size-adjusted-bone-densitometry-measurements-in-3598-children-and-young-adults-the-alphabet-study
#9
N J Crabtree, N J Shaw, N J Bishop, J E Adams, M Z Mughal, P Arundel, M S Fewtrell, S F Ahmed, L A Treadgold, W Högler, N A Bebbington, K A Ward
The increasing use of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in children has led to the need for robust reference data for interpretation of scans in daily clinical practice. Such data need to be representative of the population being studied and be 'future-proofed' to software and hardware upgrades. The aim was to combine all available paediatric DXA reference data from seven UK centres to create reference curves adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity and body size to enable clinical application, using in-vivo cross calibration and making data back- and forward- compatible...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477214/adverse-bone-health-and-abnormal-bone-turnover-among-perinatally-hiv-infected-asian-adolescents-with-virological-suppression
#10
T Sudjaritruk, T Bunupuradah, L Aurpibul, P Kosalaraksa, N Kurniati, W Prasitsuebsai, J Sophonphan, A H Sohn, J Ananworanich, T Puthanakit
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of low bone mass and assess its relationship with abnormal bone turnover among HIV-infected Asian adolescents. METHODS: A multicentre, cross-sectional study was conducted at four paediatric HIV centres in Thailand and Indonesia. Perinatally HIV-infected adolescents aged 10-18 years receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) with virological suppression (HIV RNA < 400 copies/mL) were enrolled. Study assessments included lumbar spine (L2-L4) dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and measurement of bone turnover markers...
August 1, 2016: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474412/heterogeneity-in-cervical-spine-assessment-in-paediatric-trauma-a-survey-of-physicians-knowledge-and-application-at-a-paediatric-major-trauma-centre
#11
Aaron J Buckland, Silvia Bressan, Helen Jowett, Michael B Johnson, Warwick J Teague
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based decision-making tools are widely used to guide cervical spine assessment in adult trauma patients. Similar tools validated for use in injured children are lacking. A paediatric-specific approach is appropriate given important differences in cervical spine anatomy, mechanism of spinal injury and concerns over ionising radiation in children. The present study aims to survey physicians' knowledge and application of cervical spine assessment in injured children. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of physicians actively engaged in trauma care within a paediatric trauma centre was undertaken...
October 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437331/use-of-different-sizes-of-head-ring-for-positioning-during-induction-of-anaesthesia-in-paediatric-spine-surgeries
#12
Vipin Kumar Singh, Rajiv Ratan Singh Yadav, Sateesh Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400225/treating-children-with-spinal-tuberculosis-via-debridement-with-allograft
#13
Z Guo, M Yao, J Wang, K Sun, Z Ji
Objective: This work aims to investigate the efficacy of debridement for paediatric thoracolumbar spinal tuberculosis (TB) by using the anterior approach and the allogeneic bone graft. Methods: The lesions of 16 children diagnosed with thoracolumbar spinal TB were exposed via the anterior approach. The pleura and peritoneum, granulation tissue, pus and dead bones of the TB, and the intervertebral disc with pathological changes and necrosis were completely eliminated...
December 10, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349473/paediatric-vertebral-marrow-signal-defining-a-normal-reference-range-for-the-marrow-to-disc-signal-ratio
#14
G Kapoor, S Abdulla, D MacIver, A P Toms
AIM: To establish a normal reference range of bone marrow from birth to 16 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two independent observers performed region-of-interest measurements of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal on sagittal non-contrast T1-weighted images of the spine of paediatric patients collected from a 12-year picture archiving and communication system (PACS) archive. The mean signal of the bone marrow and adjacent intervertebral disc were recorded...
October 2016: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299114/spinal-cord-injury-without-radiological-abnormality-in-an-8-months-old-female-child-a-case-report
#15
Kunal R Bansal, Ajay S Chandanwale
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury in children frequently occurs without fracture or dislocation. SCIWORA is a syndrome occurring when the spinal cord sustains neural damage during a traumatic event without positive radiographic findings. The incidence of SCIWORA was found to be 8% to 32% in various studies with very few cases documented in children below the age of 1 year. We report such a case of spinal cord injury without radiological abnormality in an 8 months old female child. CASE REPORT: An 8 months old female child was brought to the emergency room after a history of fall from the bed four days back...
January 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234435/radiological-assessment-of-paediatric-cervical-spine-injury-in-blunt-trauma-the-potential-impact-of-new-nice-guidelines-on-the-use-of-ct
#16
J Davies, S Cross, J Evanson
AIM: To determine the potential effect of changes to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines to the use of computed tomography (CT) in the assessment of suspected paediatric cervical spine (c-spine) injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 5 year retrospective study was conducted of c-spine imaging in paediatric (<10 years) patients presenting following blunt trauma at a Level 1 trauma centre in London. All patients under the age of 10 years who underwent any imaging of the c-spine following blunt trauma were included...
September 2016: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141865/paediatric-acl-repair-reinforced-with-temporary-internal-bracing
#17
James O Smith, Sam K Yasen, Harry C Palmer, Breck R Lord, Edward M Britton, Adrian J Wilson
PURPOSE: Instability following non-operative treatment of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture in young children frequently results in secondary chondral and/or meniscal injuries. Therefore, many contemporary surgeons advocate ACL reconstruction in these patients, despite the challenges posed by peri-articular physes and the high early failure rate. We report a novel management approach, comprising direct ACL repair reinforced by a temporary internal brace in three children. METHODS: Two patients (aged 5 and 6 years) with complete proximal ACL ruptures and a third (aged seven) with an associated tibial spine avulsion underwent direct surgical repair, supplemented with an internal brace that was removed after 3 months...
June 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052667/paediatric-cervical-spine-injures-nineteen-years-experience-of-a-single-centre
#18
Manuel Ribeiro da Silva, Daniela Linhares, Pedro Cacho Rodrigues, Eurico Lisboa Monteiro, Manuel Santos Carvalho, Pedro Negrão, Rui Peixoto Pinto, Nuno Neves
PURPOSE: This observational study aims to describe pediatric C-spine injuries from a level 1 trauma centre through a period of 19 years. METHODS: Clinical records of pediatric trauma patients admitted to a level 1 trauma centre between 1991 and 2009 were analyzed. Patients were stratified by age into groups A (8 or less) and B (9 to 16), and in lower (C0-C2) and upper (C3-C7) spine injuries. Several variables were studied. RESULTS: Seventy-five cases of C-spine injuries (nine SCIWORA) were identified...
June 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27033296/cervical-vertebral-actinomycosis-mimicking-malignancy-in-a-paediatric-patient
#19
Shyam Prajapati, Daniel J Yoon, Carlos L Benitez, Arzu Buyuk
Actinomyces spp are found in the flora of the oral cavity and vagina and may cause infection with abscess formation and draining sinuses. Cervicofacial manifestations of actinomycosis involve head and neck soft tissue, however, spread to the cervical spine is rare. We report a case of an 8-year-old boy, presenting with neck pain for 1 month and denying a history of trauma or procedures. Radiography revealed an ulceration of the posterior oropharyngeal mucosa with a defect extending to the C1-C2 vertebra, mimicking a neoplastic process...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902300/diagnosis-of-vertebral-fractures-in-children-is-a-simplified-algorithm-based-qualitative-technique-reliable
#20
COMMENT
E Adiotomre, L Summers, A Allison, S J Walters, M Digby, P Broadley, I Lang, A C Offiah
BACKGROUND: Identification of osteoporotic vertebral fractures allows treatment opportunity reducing future risk. There is no agreed standardised method for diagnosing paediatric vertebral fractures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the precision of a modified adult algorithm-based qualitative (ABQ) technique, applicable to children with primary or secondary osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three radiologists independently assessed lateral spine radiographs of 50 children with suspected reduction in bone mineral density using a modified ABQ scoring system and following simplification to include only clinically relevant parameters, a simplified ABQ score...
May 2016: Pediatric Radiology
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