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Arthroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691604/clinical-outcome-of-arthroscopic-management-of-popliteal-cysts-with-or-without-additional-posterior-open-cystectomy
#1
Xu Xinxian, Hu Yuezheng, Lin Jian, Yu Huachen
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic decompression of popliteal cysts and simultaneous management of intra-articular pathologies alone or in combination with posterior open cystectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 65 consecutive patients with the diagnosis of popliteal cysts. Of the patients 31 received arthroscopy alone (arthroscopic decompression of cysts and management of intra-articular pathologies, AA group) and 34 received arthroscopy combined with open cystectomy (AO group)...
April 24, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691165/acetabular-focal-chondral-lesions-are-not-associated-with-worse-outcomes-after-periacetabular-osteotomy-a-matched-group-analyses
#2
Michael D Hellman, Jeffery J Nepple, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Rafael J Sierra, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of patients who underwent combined hip arthroscopy and periacetabular osteotomy with acetabular focal chondral defects and compare these outcomes with a group of patients without focal chondral defects. METHODS: A retrospective review looking at patients who underwent hip arthroscopy and/or periacetabular osteotomy was performed. Minimum 2-year follow-up, Tönnis grade 0-1, and a Beck chondromalacia stages 4-5 were included...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688959/arthroscopic-management-of-tibial-spine-avulsion-fractures-principles-and-techniques
#3
Eric J Strauss, Daniel James Kaplan, Maxwell E Weinberg, Jonathan Egol, Laith M Jazrawi
Tibial spine fractures are uncommon injuries affecting the insertion of the anterior cruciate ligament on the tibia. They typically occur in skeletally immature patients aged 8 to 14 years and result from hyperextension of the knee with a valgus or rotational force. Diagnosis is based on history, physical examination, and standard radiographs. The use of MRI can identify entrapped soft tissue that may prevent reduction. Open or arthroscopic repair is indicated in patients with partially displaced fractures (>5 mm) with one third to one half of the avulsed fragment elevated, in patients who have undergone unsuccessful nonsurgical reduction and long leg casting or bracing, and in patients with completely displaced fractures...
April 23, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686971/snapping-elbow-a-guide-to-diagnosis-and-treatment
#4
Jonathan Jetsmark Bjerre, Finn Elkjær Johannsen, Martin Rathcke, Michael Rindom Krogsgaard
AIM: To develop practical guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of the painful snapping elbow syndrome (SE). METHODS: Clinical studies were searched in the databases PubMed and Scopus for the phrases "SE", "snapping triceps", "snapping ulnar nerve" and "snapping annular ligament". A total of 36 relevant studies were identified. From these we extracted information about number of patients, diagnostic methods, patho-anatomical findings, treatments and outcomes...
April 18, 2018: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685837/outcomes-of-hip-arthroscopy-in-a-military-population-are-similar-to-those-in-the-civilian-population-matched-paired-analysis-at-2-years
#5
Jun-Il Yoo, Tae-Ho Lee, Jae-Yoon Kim, Jae-Hyung Kim, Yong-Chan Ha
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes, including the visual analog pain score, University of California Los Angeles activity, modified Harris hip score, and radiologic outcomes after hip arthroscopy in male patients whose symptoms developed during military services with those in a matched-pair control group of active young, nonmilitary patients at a minimum postoperative follow-up of 2 years. METHODS: From September 2009 to December 2014, 28 male patients with mechanical symptoms that developed during military service underwent hip arthroscopic surgery...
April 20, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685836/narcotics-and-knee-arthroscopy-trends-in-use-and-factors-associated-with-prolonged-use-and-postoperative-complications
#6
Samuel R H Steiner, Jourdan M Cancienne, Brian C Werner
PURPOSE: To (1) examine trends in the prevalence of preoperative and prolonged postoperative narcotic use in patients undergoing knee arthroscopy, (2) characterize factors associated with prolonged narcotic use after knee arthroscopy, and (3) explore the association of preoperative and prolonged postoperative narcotic use with complications after knee arthroscopy. METHODS: The PearlDiver database was reviewed for patients who underwent knee arthroscopy from 2007 to 2015 with a minimum of 6 months' follow up...
April 20, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685834/effect-of-increased-coronal-inclination-of-the-tibial-plateau-after-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#7
Yasushi Akamatsu, Ken Kumagai, Hideo Kobayashi, Masaki Tsuji, Tomoyuki Saito
PURPOSE: To assess whether the increased inclination of the tibial plateau on the coronal view after opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy affects radiographic coronal alignment, clinical outcomes, and cartilage findings. METHODS: After adjustment for the preoperative medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), patients who underwent opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy were retrospectively divided into those with postoperative MPTA values of 95° or less (normal group) and greater than 95° (increased group), with each group containing 43 knees...
April 20, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682981/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-venous-thromboembolism-after-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#8
Samuel R Huntley, Eildar Abyar, Eva J Lehtonen, Harshadkumar A Patel, Sameer Naranje, Ashish Shah
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a rare but potentially lethal complication after orthopaedic foot and ankle surgery. The true incidence of VTE after orthopaedic foot and ankle surgery stratified by specific procedure has yet to be examined. The purpose of this study is to report the incidence of and identify risk factors for VTE in a large sample of patients receiving orthopaedic foot and ankle surgery. METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2006 to 2015 data files...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679738/the-auricular-cartilage-graft-used-as-interpositional-material-for-disc-replacement-after-failed-tmj-operative-arthroscopy
#9
Mario Fernando Muñoz-Guerra, Francisco José Rodríguez-Campo, Manuel Fernández-Domínguez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the preoperative and 2-years postoperative clinical and radiological findings in a group of patients after temporomandibular joint discectomy and interpositional autogenous auricular cartilage graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The technique involved a disc removal, condylar remodeling and fixation of the graft to the fossa-eminence region. Preoperative and 2-years postoperative clinical findings and magnetic resonance features were evaluated in a group of 13 patients (fourteen joints)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675510/isolated-subscapularis-tendon-tear-in-a-skeletally-immature-soccer-player
#10
Paolo Avanzi, Luca Dei Giudici, Roberto Giovarruscio, Antonio Gigante, Claudio Zorzi
Subscapularis injury in adolescents, usually associated to an avulsion fracture of the lesser humeral tuberosity, accounts for less than 2% of all fractures of the proximal humerus. Isolated tears of the subscapularis tendon without a history of dislocation and associated avulsion fractures are an even rarer occurrence, and treatment is controversial. This article describes a rare case of a 12-year-old suffering from an isolated subscapularis tear and discusses its management. The patient was evaluated at presentation, and at 1 to 2...
March 2018: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675507/are-prophylactic-intravenous-antibiotics-required-in-routine-shoulder-arthroscopic-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Njalalle Baraza, Jordan Leith
Purpose  The purpose of this study was to find out from the literature the difference in infection rates between patients who did and patients who did not receive prophylactic antibiotics in arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Methods  We conducted a comprehensive search of the literature using Medline Ovid for prospective studies that looked at infection as the primary outcome following shoulder arthroscopy. The articles were then assessed for study design, outcome, and relevance to the specific question as part of the critical appraisal...
March 2018: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673849/relationship-between-intracapsular-fracture-patterns-and-arthroscopic-findings
#12
Ko Ito, Fumie Yamazaki, Kosuke Takahashi, Shinnosuke Nogami, Toshirou Kondoh, Alastair Goss
PURPOSE: To observe the superior joint compartment (SJC) using ultrathin arthroscopy in intracapsular condylar fracture (ICF) of the temporomandibular joint, describe the changes, and evaluate the relations among fracture pattern, arthroscopic findings, and clinical outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with 27 ICFs were the subject group. Thirteen patients had unilateral ICF and 7 had bilateral ICF. The fracture patterns were classified into 9 categories, and all patients had arthroscopic examination of the traumatized joint at the time of definitive treatment...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673359/developing-a-risk-prediction-model-for-the-functional-outcome-after-hip-arthroscopy
#13
Patrick Stephan, Maarten A Röling, Nina M C Mathijssen, Gerjon Hannink, Rolf M Bloem
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopic treatment is not equally beneficial for every patient undergoing this procedure. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a clinical prediction model for functional outcome after surgery based on preoperative factors. METHODS: Prospective data was collected on a cohort of 205 patients having undergone hip arthroscopy between 2011 and 2015. Demographic and clinical variables and patient reported outcome (PRO) scores were collected, and considered as potential predictors...
April 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665766/relationship-between-synovial-inflammatory-cytokines-and-progression-of-osteoarthritis-after-hip-arthroscopy-experimental-assessment
#14
Kensuke Fukushima, Gen Inoue, Kentaro Uchida, Hisako Fujimaki, Masayuki Miyagi, Naoshige Nagura, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Naonobu Takahira, Masashi Takaso
PURPOSE: Synovial membrane inflammation is the most commonly presenting finding during hip arthroscopy and may have a role in the pathomechanism of hip osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between synovial cytokine levels and progression of OA after hip arthroscopy. METHODS: We prospectively examined 20 patients (20 hips) who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery. For all patients, radiographs and severity of pain were evaluated preoperatively...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663487/relationship-between-arthroscopic-findings-of-synovitis-and-levels-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-matrix-metalloproteinases-in-synovial-lavage-fluid-from-patients-with-unilateral-high-mandibular-condyle-fractures
#15
Shinnosuke Nogami, Tetsu Takahashi, Kensuke Yamauchi, Yuri Takeda, Ko Ito, Masatoshi Chiba, Alexander Gaggl
BACKGROUND: Arthrocentesis has an effect of washing out inflammatory products that accumulate in the joint compartment of a dysfunctional TMJ. The procedure removes inflammatory cytokines, which are pain-causing substances, for early reduction of TMJ pain and quick recovery of jaw function, thus increasing the possibility of a successful rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between arthroscopy synovitis grade in patients with unilateral high condylar fractures and concentrations of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha as well as of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in washed-out synovial fluid (SF) samples obtained from those patients...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663091/anatomical-feasibility-study-of-flexor-hallucis-longus-transfer-in-treatment-of-achilles-tendon-and-posteromedial-portal-of-ankle-arthroscopy
#16
Haijiao Mao, Linger Wang, Wenwei Dong, Zhenxin Liu, Weigang Yin, Dachuan Xu, Keith L Wapner
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of anatomical variations of the musculotendinous junction of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) muscle, the relationship between FHL tendon or muscle and the tibial neurovascular bundle at the level of the posterior ankle joint in human cadavers. METHODS: Seventy embalmed feet from 20 male and 15 female cadavers, the cadavers' mean age was 65.4 (range from 14 to 82) years, were dissected and anatomically classified to observe FHL muscle morphology define the relationship between FHL tendon or muscle and the tibial neurovascular bundle...
April 16, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662913/high-rate-of-missed-lateral-meniscus-posterior-root-tears-on-preoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
Aaron J Krych, Isabella T Wu, Vishal S Desai, Naveen S Murthy, Mark S Collins, Daniel B F Saris, Bruce A Levy, Michael J Stuart
Background: Lateral meniscus posterior root tears (LMPRTs), if left untreated, can cause devastating effects to the knee, with rapid articular cartilage degeneration and loss of the meniscus as a secondary stabilizer. Detection and surgical repair of these defects have been linked to favorable outcomes, but preoperative identification of LMPRTs continues to be challenging. Purpose: To determine the rate of LMPRTs diagnosed preoperatively on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a consecutive series of arthroscopically confirmed LMPRTs...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661083/measuring-visualized-joint-surface-in-hallux-metatarsophalangeal-arthroscopy
#18
Michael Hull, John T Campbell, Clifford L Jeng, R Frank Henn, Rebecca A Cerrato
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopy has been increasingly used to evaluate small joints in the foot and ankle. In the hallux metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, little data exist evaluating the efficacy of arthroscopy to visualize the articular surface. The goal of this cadaveric study was to determine how much articular surface of the MTP joint could be visualized during joint arthroscopy. METHODS: Ten fresh cadaveric foot specimens were evaluated using standard arthroscopy techniques...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657448/diagnostic-difficulties-in-the-radiological-assessment-of-subscapularis-tears
#19
Jonathan R N Ward, Naeil Lotfi, Richard G Dias, Timothy J McBride
Background: Radiological evaluation of rotator cuff tears are sensitive and specific. Accuracy may be low in diagnosing subscapularis tears. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed shoulder arthroscopies performed by two surgeons over 45 months. We reviewed patients who had subscapularis repairs and their preoperative imaging. Result: 286 cases had imaging (193 MRIs, 93 USS) with 77 subscapularis repairs. MRI suggested 31 tears, arthroscopy confirmed 16 (30% sensitivity, 89% specificity)...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651906/return-to-sport-rates-in-physically-active-individuals-six-months-after-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome
#20
Kathryn R Glaws, Thomas J Ellis, Timothy E Hewett, Stephanie L Di Stasi
CONTEXT: Six-months is the expected timeframe to return to sport (RTS) after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS). OBJECTIVE: The primary aims of this study were to (1) report the RTS rate of physically active individuals six-months after arthroscopic surgery for FAIS, and (2) compare the self-reported hip function between those who were able to RTS versus those who had not. DESIGN: cohort study. SETTING: XXX...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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