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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647435/dietary-habits-in-parkinson-s-disease-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet
#1
Erica Cassani, Michela Barichella, Valentina Ferri, Giovanna Pinelli, Laura Iorio, Carlotta Bolliri, Serena Caronni, Samanta A Faierman, Antonia Mottolese, Chiara Pusani, Fatemeh Monajemi, Marianna Pasqua, Alessandro Lubisco, Emanuele Cereda, Gianni Pezzoli
INTRODUCTION: Our objective is to describe the dietary habits, food preferences and adherence to Mediterranean diet (MeDi) of a large sample of Italian Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients compared to a group of controls. METHODS: Dietary habits of 600 PD patients from throughout Italy and 600 controls matched by gender, age, education, physical activity level and geographical residence, were collected using the ON-GP Food Frequency Questionnaire. Then, we compared patients by disease duration and the presence of swallowing disturbances...
June 15, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646834/beverage-osmolality-as-a-marker-for-maintaining-appropriate-body-hydration
#2
Anna Sadowska1, Franciszek Świderski, Rita Rakowska, Bożena Waszkiewicz-Robak, Małgorzata Żebrowska-Krasuska, Ewa Dybkowska
Background: Osmolalities can be useful markers for determining whether given beverages are suited for maintaining an adequate hydration of the body. Losing 2% of body water relative to body mass reduces the efficiency of body function when undertaking physical effort by around 20%. Deficiencies in water intakes approaching 5-8% of body mass, double the impairment to the body’s physical and mental functioning, whereas at a level of 10% the body becomes incapable of performing any sort of physical effort...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645738/human-germline-hedgehog-pathway-mutations-predispose-to-fatty-liver
#3
Maria J Guillen Sacoto, Ariel F Martinez, Yu Abe, Paul Kruszka, Karin Weiss, Joshua L Everson, Ramon Bataller, David E Kleiner, Jerrold M Ward, Kathleen K Sulik, Robert J Lipinski, Benjamin D Solomon, Maximilian Muenke
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease. Activation of hedgehog (Hh) signaling has been implicated in the progression of NAFLD and proposed as a therapeutic target; however, the effects of Hh signaling inhibition have not been studied in humans with germline mutations affecting this pathway. METHODS: Patients with holoprosencephaly (HPE), a disorder associated with germline mutations disrupting Sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling, were clinically evaluated for NAFLD...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638432/mechanical-stimulation-of-the-ht7-acupuncture-point-to-reduce-ethanol-self-administration-in-rats
#4
Suk-Yun Kang, O Sang Kwon, Ji-Young Moon, Seong Jin Cho, Kwang-Ho Choi, Junbeom Kim, Seong-Hun Ahn, Yeonhee Ryu
BACKGROUND: Alcoholism, which is a disabling addiction disorder, is a major public health problem worldwide. The present study was designed to determine whether the application of acupuncture at the Shenmen (HT7) point suppresses voluntary alcohol consumption in addicted rats and whether this suppressive effect is potentiated by the administration of naltrexone. METHODS: Rats were initially trained to self-administer a sucrose solution by operating a lever. A mechanical acupuncture instrument (MAI) for objective mechanical stimulation was used on rats whose baseline response had been determined...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638217/diet-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-what-to-recommend-not-what-to-forbid-to-patients
#5
REVIEW
Anamaria Cozma-Petruţ, Felicia Loghin, Doina Miere, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
A substantial proportion of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) associate their symptoms with the ingestion of specific foods. Therefore, in recent years, scientific research has increasingly focused on the role of diet in IBS and dietary management is now considered an important tool in IBS treatment. This article reviews the main dietary approaches in IBS emphasizing evidence from experimental and observational studies and summarizing the main diet and lifestyle recommendations provided by dietary guidelines and scientific literature...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635116/maternal-smoking-alcohol-and-caffeine-exposures-and-risk-of-hypospadias
#6
Suzan L Carmichael, Chen Ma, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: We examined the association of hypospadias risk with maternal smoking and consumption of alcohol and caffeine. METHODS: We analyzed data from mothers of 2437 moderate/severe cases and 5472 nonmalformed controls born from 1997 to 2011 who participated in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS). Exposures were assessed by maternal telephone interviews. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) adjusted for mother's age, parity, race-ethnicity, education, vitamin/mineral supplement intake, obesity, and study center...
June 21, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632088/the-association-of-daytime-maternal-napping-and-exercise-with-nighttime-sleep-in-first-time-mothers-between-3-and-6-months-postpartum
#7
Teresa A Lillis, Nancy A Hamilton, Sarah D Pressman, Christina S Khou
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship of daytime maternal napping, exercise, caffeine, and alcohol intake to objective and subjective sleep indices. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty healthy, nondepressed, first-time mothers between 3 and 6 months postpartum. METHODS: Seven consecutive days of online behavior diaries, sleep diaries, and wrist actigraphy, collecting Total Sleep Time (TST), Sleep Onset Latency (SOL), and Wake After Sleep Onset (WASO)...
October 19, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630692/liver-fat-a-relevant-target-for-dietary-intervention-summary-of-a-unilever-workshop
#8
REVIEW
Harry P F Peters, Patrick Schrauwen, Petra Verhoef, Christopher D Byrne, David J Mela, Andreas F H Pfeiffer, Ulf Risérus, Frits R Rosendaal, Vera Schrauwen-Hinderling
Currently it is estimated that about 1 billion people globally have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition in which liver fat exceeds 5 % of liver weight in the absence of significant alcohol intake. Due to the central role of the liver in metabolism, the prevalence of NAFLD is increasing in parallel with the prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance and other risk factors of metabolic diseases. However, the contribution of liver fat to the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and CVD, relative to other ectopic fat depots and to other risk markers, is unclear...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626069/how-many-deaths-from-colorectal-cancer-can-be-prevented-by-2030-a-scenario-based-quantification-of-risk-factor-modification-screening-and-treatment-in-norway
#9
Katrine Damgaard Skyrud, Tor Age Myklebust, Freddie Bray, Morten Tandberg Eriksen, Thomas de Lange, Inger Kristin Larsen, Bjørn Møller
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality can be reduced through risk factor modification (adherence to lifestyle recommendations), screening, and improved treatment. This study estimated the potential of these three strategies to modify CRC mortality rates in Norway. METHODS: The potential reduction in CRC mortality due to risk factor modification was estimated using the software Prevent, assuming that 50% of the population in Norway-who do not adhere to the various recommendations concerning prevention of smoking, physical activity, body weight, and intake of alcohol, red/processed meat, and fiber-started to follow the recommendations...
June 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621438/moderate-alcoholic-beer-consumption-the-effects-on-the-lipid-profile-and-insulin-sensitivity-of-adult-men
#10
Luciana C Nogueira, Rafaela F do Rio, Pablo C B Lollo, Isabel M P L V O Ferreira
Beer is the most consumed alcoholic beverage in the world. The purpose was to compare the effects of consuming alcoholic beer (AB) and nonalcoholic beer (NAB) on the biochemical blood parameters. Two beers were produced under known and controlled conditions from the same raw material, NAB (0.6%, v/v) and AB with the addition of 6% grain alcohol. Fifteen healthy adult men (aged 20 to 57 y) underwent 3 treatments (30 d per treatment). In Treatment 1 (Baseline), they followed their usual diet without drinking any alcoholic beverage; in Treatment 2, they added the daily consumption of 330 mL NAB; and in Treatment 3, they added the daily consumption of 330 mL AB...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#11
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617959/varenicline-reduces-alcohol-intake-during-repeated-cycles-of-alcohol-reaccess-following-deprivation-in-alcohol-preferring-p-rats
#12
Janice C Froehlich, Emily R Nicholson, Julian E Dilley, Nick J Filosa, Logan C Rademacher, Teal N Smith
BACKGROUND: Most alcoholics experience periods of voluntary alcohol abstinence or imposed alcohol deprivation followed by a return to alcohol drinking. The current study examined whether varenicline (VAR) reduces alcohol intake during a return to drinking after periods of alcohol deprivation in rats selectively bred for high alcohol drinking (the alcohol preferring or "P" rats). METHODS: Alcohol-experienced P rats were given 24-hour access to food and water and scheduled access to alcohol (15% and 30% v/v) for 2 h/d...
June 15, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606631/restraint-stress-enhances-alcohol-intake-in-adolescent-female-rats-but-reduces-alcohol-intake-in-adolescent-male-and-adult-female-rats
#13
Aranza Wille-Bille, Ana Ferreyra, Martina Sciangula, Florencia Chiner, Michael E Nizhnikov, Ricardo Marcos Pautassi
Adolescents may be more sensitive to stress-induced alcohol drinking than adults, which would explain the higher prevalence of alcohol abuse and dependence in late adolescence than in adulthood. The present study analyzed the impact of restraint stress on the initiation of alcohol intake across 2 weeks of intermittent, two-bottle choice intake in male and female adolescent rats and adult female rats. Restraint stress significantly increased alcohol intake and preference in female adolescent rats but decreased alcohol intake and preference in male adolescent and female adult rats...
June 10, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600161/a-problem-solving-intervention-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-reduction-in-veterans-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Jason A Nieuwsma, Laura O Wray, Corrine I Voils, Jennifer M Gierisch, Margaret Dundon, Cynthia J Coffman, George L Jackson, Rhonda Merwin, Christina Vair, Karen Juntilla, Courtney White-Clark, Amy S Jeffreys, Amy Harris, Michael Owings, Johnpatrick Marr, David Edelman
BACKGROUND: Health behaviors related to diet, tobacco usage, physical activity, medication adherence, and alcohol use are highly determinative of risk for developing cardiovascular disease. This paper describes a study protocol to evaluate a problem-solving intervention that aims to help patients at risk for developing cardiovascular disease address barriers to adopting positive health behaviors in order to reduce cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Eligible patients are adults enrolled in Veterans Affairs (VA) health care who have not experienced a cardiovascular event but are at elevated risk based on their Framingham Risk Score (FRS)...
June 6, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599714/effects-of-moderate-alcohol-consumption-on-gene-expression-related-to-colonic-inflammation-and-antioxidant-enzymes-in-rats
#15
DawnKylee S Klarich, Jerrold Penprase, Patricia Cintora, Octavio Medrano, Danielle Erwin, Susan M Brasser, Mee Young Hong
Excessive alcohol consumption is a risk factor associated with colorectal cancer; however, some studies have reported that moderate alcohol consumption may not contribute additional risk for developing colorectal cancer while others suggest that moderate alcohol consumption provides a protective effect that reduces colorectal cancer risk. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of moderate voluntary alcohol (20% ethanol) intake on alternate days for 3 months in outbred Wistar rats on risk factors associated with colorectal cancer development...
June 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593701/comparison-of-efficacy-of-low-carbohydrate-and-low-fat-diet-education-program-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Eun Chul Jang, Dae Won Jun, Seung Min Lee, Yong Kyun Cho, Sang Bong Ahn
AIM: Composition of macronutrient is important in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Diet education program which mainly emphasize on reducing fat consumption has been used for NAFLD patients. We compared efficacy of conventional low-fat diet education with low-carbohydrate diet education in Korean NAFLD patients. METHODS: One hundred and six NAFLD patients were randomly allocated to low-fat diet education or low-carbohydrate education group for 8 weeks...
June 7, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587067/diet-induced-low-grade-metabolic-acidosis-and-clinical-outcomes-a-review
#17
Renata Alves Carnauba, Ana Beatriz Baptistella, Valéria Paschoal, Gilberti Helena Hübscher
Low-grade metabolic acidosis is a condition characterized by a slight decrease in blood pH, within the range considered normal, and feeding is one of the main factors that may influence the occurrence of such a condition. The excessive consumption of acid precursor foods (sources of phosphorus and proteins), to the detriment of those precursors of bases (sources of potassium, calcium, and magnesium), leads to acid-base balance volubility. If this condition occurs in a prolonged, chronic way, low-grade metabolic acidosis can become significant and predispose to metabolic imbalances such as kidney stone formation, increased bone resorption, reduced bone mineral density, and the loss of muscle mass, as well as the increased risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis...
May 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586715/hostility-predicts-alcohol-consumption-over-a-21-year-follow-up-in-the-gazel-cohort
#18
Guillaume Airagnes, Cédric Lemogne, Alice Gueguen, Nicolas Hoertel, Marcel Goldberg, Frédéric Limosin, Marie Zins
BACKGROUND: Hostility has been found to be positively associated with alcohol intake in cross-sectional studies. Our aim was to examine prospectively the long-lasting association of hostility with alcohol consumption. METHODS: We included 10,612 men and 3834 women from the French Gazel cohort with mean ages in 1993 of 48.6 (SD=2.9) and 45.7(SD=4.2), respectively. Hostility (i.e., total, cognitive and behavioral) was assessed in 1993 with the Buss and Durkee Hostility Inventory...
May 30, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579536/effects-of-dietary-fructose-restriction-on-liver-fat-de-novo-lipogenesis-and-insulin-kinetics-in-children-with-obesity
#19
Jean-Marc Schwarz, Susan M Noworolski, Ayca Erkin-Cakmak, Natalie J Korn, Michael J Wen, Viva W Tai, Grace M Jones, Sergiu P Palii, Moises Velasco-Alin, Karen Pan, Bruce W Patterson, Alejandro Gugliucci, Robert H Lustig, Kathleen Mulligan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Consumption of sugar is associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular disease. The conversion of fructose to fat in liver (de novo lipogenesis, DNL) may be a modifiable pathogenetic pathway. We determined the effect of 9 days of isocaloric fructose restriction on DNL, liver fat, visceral fat (VAT), subcutaneous fat, and insulin kinetics in obese Latino and African American children with habitual high sugar consumption (fructose intake more than 50 g/day)...
June 1, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578899/2015-evidence-analysis-library-evidence-based-nutrition-practice-guideline-for-the-management-of-hypertension-in-adults
#20
Shannon L Lennon, Diane M DellaValle, Susan G Rodder, Melissa Prest, Rachel C Sinley, M Katherine Hoy, Constantina Papoutsakis
Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure (BP) is among the most prevalent forms of cardiovascular disease and occurs in approximately one of every three adults in the United States. The purpose of this Evidence Analysis Library (EAL) guideline is to provide an evidence-based summary of nutrition therapy for the management of HTN in adults aged 18 years or older. Implementation of this guideline aims to promote evidence-based practice decisions by registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs), and other collaborating health professionals to decrease or manage HTN in adults while enhancing patient quality of life and taking into account individual preferences...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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