keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

anaesthesia analgesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769505/efficacy-of-0-5-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-with-dexamethasone-versus-0-5-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-alone-in-spinal-anaesthesia-for-patient-undergoing-lower-abdominal-urological-and-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgeries
#1
M M Haque, M A Aleem, F H Haque, A B Siddique, R Afrose
Spinal anaesthesia with local anaesthetics has limited duration. Different additives have been used to prolong spinal anaesthesia. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of adding dexamethasone to bupivacaine in spinal anaesthesia specially whether it would prolong the duration of sensory block/ surgical analgesia and post-operative analgesia/pain free period or not. This randomized, prospective, double-blind, clinical study was conducted in the Department of Anaesthesia, Analgesia and Critical Care of Combined Military Hospital, Chittagong from October 2016 to August 2017...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761478/pain-relief-for-women-undergoing-oocyte-retrieval-for-assisted-reproduction
#2
REVIEW
Irene Kwan, Rui Wang, Emily Pearce, Siladitya Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: Various methods of conscious sedation and analgesia (CSA) have been used during oocyte retrieval for assisted reproduction. The choice of agent has been influenced by the quality of sedation and analgesia and by concerns about possible detrimental effects on reproductive outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of different methods of conscious sedation and analgesia for pain relief and pregnancy outcomes in women undergoing transvaginal oocyte retrieval...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756750/validation-of-the-pmd100tm-and-its-noltm-index-to-detect-nociception-at-different-infusion-regimen-of-remifentanil-in-patients-under-general-anaesthesia
#3
Pierre-André Stöckle, Marco Julien, Rami Issa, Elizabeth Décary, Véronique Brulotte, Pierre Drolet, Margaret Henri, Madeleine Poirier, Jean-François Latulippe, Marc Dorais, Olivier Verdonck, Louis-Philippe Fortier, Philippe Richebé
BACKGROUND: The NOL index is based on multiparametric analysis of heart rate (HR), skin conductance, wave plethysmography, and their time derivative. Our objective was to evaluate the NOL to detect standardized nociceptive stimuli with various remifentanil dosages under general anaesthesia. METHODS: A prospective, observational study at a single center (NCT02602379) included 40 ASA I to III patients undergoing laparotomy under remifentanil-desflurane anaesthesia with epidural analgesia...
May 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754420/the-predictive-value-of-the-heart-rate-variability-derived-analgesia-nociception-index-in-children-anaesthetised-with-sevoflurane-an-observational-pilot-study
#4
Frank Weber, Noortje J E Geerts, Hilde G Roeleveld, Annejet T Warmenhoven, Chantal A Liebrand
BACKGROUND: The heart rate variability (HRV) derived Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI™ ) is a continuous non-invasive tool to assess the nociception/anti-nociception balance in unconscious patients. It has been shown to be superior to hemodynamic variables in detecting insufficient anti-nociception in children, while little is known about its predictive value. METHODS: The primary objective of this prospective observational pilot study in paediatric surgical patients under sevoflurane anaesthesia, was to compare the predictive value of the ANI and heart rate to help decide to give additional opioids...
May 13, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754157/-patient-satisfaction-with-procedural-sedation-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#5
J T Deferm, M Burger, T Prudon, M van Bergen, M Vaneker, W A Borstlap
Fear of treatment by an oral and maxillofacial (OMF) surgeon or the dentist is a widespread and deep-rooted phenomenon. A patient can be taught to cope with dental phobia by means of psychological, cognitive behavioural therapy, but in cases of invasive oral treatment, such therapy may be insufficiently effective. For these invasive procedures, sedation serves as an alternative treatment option. The department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Radboud University Medical Centre in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, offers the possibility to utilise intravenous sedation with midazolam (Dormicum®) and remifentanil (Ultiva®)...
May 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743011/procaine-and-saline-have-similar-effects-on-articular-cartilage-and-synovium-in-rat-knee
#6
Aysun Ankay Yilbas, Basak Akca, Berkem Buyukakkus, Elham Bahador Zirh, Dilara Zeybek, Filiz Uzumcugil, Fatma Saricaoglu
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular local anaesthetics are widely used for providing postoperative analgesia and decreasing the need for opioids. Procaine has proven positive effects in carpal tunnel syndrome and chondromalacia patella. However, the effect of procaine on articular cartilage has not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intra-articular procaine injection on the articular cartilage and the synovium. METHODS: Twenty adult Sprague-Dawley rats were enrolled in the study...
May 9, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740688/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-oxycodone-versus-fentanyl-in-percutaneous-microwave-ablation-of-a-liver-tumour-abutting-the-capsule
#7
Wen-Tao Wu, Zhen-Yu Jia, Yu Chen, Qi-Feng Chen, Qing-Quan Zu, Zheng-Qiang Yang, Sheng Liu, Hai-Bin Shi
PURPOSE: The present study compared the safety and efficacy of oxycodone with those of fentanyl under non-intubated general anaesthesia in percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) of a liver tumour abutting the capsule. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients underwent MWA of liver cancers abutting the capsule. Patients received 0.1 mg/kg oxycodone (O group) or 1 μg/kg fentanyl (F group) prior to the start of ablation. Both groups received continuous infusions of propofol for non-intubated general anaesthesia during ablation...
May 8, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739543/special-indications-for-opioid-free-anaesthesia-and-analgesia-patient-and-procedure-related-including-obesity-sleep-apnoea-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-complex-regional-pain-syndromes-opioid-addiction-and-cancer-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Adrian Sultana, David Torres, Roman Schumann
Opioid-free anaesthesia (OFA) is a technique where no intraoperative systemic, neuraxial or intracavitary opioid is administered with the anaesthetic. Opioid-free analgesia similarly avoids opioids in the perioperative period. There are many compelling reasons to avoid opioids in the surgical population. A number of case reports and, increasingly, prospective studies from all over the world support its benefits, especially in the morbidly obese population with or without sleep apnoea. A derivative technique is opioid sparing, where the same techniques are used but some opioid use is allowed...
December 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729372/management-of-bleeding-and-emergency-invasive-procedures-in-patients-on-dabigatran-updated-guidelines-from-the-french-working-group-on-perioperative-haemostasis-gihp-september-2016
#9
Pierre Albaladejo, Gilles Pernod, Anne Godier, Emmanuel de Maistre, Nadia Rosencher, Jean Louis Mas, Pierre Fontana, Charles Marc Samama, Annick Steib, Sylvie Schlumberger, Emmanuel Marret, Stéphanie Roullet, Sophie Susen, Samia Madi-Jebara, Philippe Nguyen, Jean François Schved, Fanny Bonhomme, Pierre Sié
In 2013, the GIHP published guidelines for the management of severe haemorrhages and emergency surgery. This update applies to patients treated with dabigatran, with a bleeding complication or undergoing an urgent invasive procedure. It includes how to handle the available specific antidote (idarucizumab), when to measure dabigatran plasmatic concentration, and when to use non-specific measures in these situations. It also includes guidelines on how to perform regional anaesthesia and analgesia procedures.
May 2, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727877/-painful-procedures-in-small-ruminants-castration-of-rams-and-bucks-an-overview
#10
Benjamin Bauer, Regina Hannemann, Christine Lendl, Heinz Strobel, Martin Ganter
The castration of farm animals is practiced routinely throughout the world and the procedure is subject to different levels of regulation in different countries. In Germany, painful procedures in animals are regulated by the animal welfare act. However, the indications for acceptable methods of lamb and kid castration are still under discussion. There are distinct differences between the theoretical requirements of this legislation and experiences in practice. When male lambs are kept for many months with their dams, or with ewe lambs, castration is essential to avoid unwanted pregnancies and the slaughter of pregnant females...
April 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725506/comparison-of-adductor-canal-block-versus-local-infiltration-analgesia-on-postoperative-pain-and-functional-outcome-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
W Kampitak, A Tanavalee, S Ngarmukos, C Amarase, B Songthamwat, A Boonshua
Introduction: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with intense postoperative pain for which effective analgesia is essential to facilitate early postoperative recovery. Adductor canal block (ACB) and local infiltration analgesia (LIA) have become increasingly involved in postoperative pain management after TKA. We aimed to compare their efficacy and outcomes in patients undergoing TKA. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients undergoing unilateral TKA were randomized to receive either postoperative single-injection ACB (Group A) or LIA (Group L) during the operation...
March 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720755/a-comparative-study-to-evaluate-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-versus-ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric-nerve-block-for-post-operative-analgesia-in-adult-patients-undergoing-inguinal-hernia-repair
#12
Kirti Kamal, Parul Jain, Teena Bansal, Geeta Ahlawat
Background and Aims: Both transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and combined ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric (IIN/IHN) blocks are used routinely under ultrasound (USG) guidance for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing inguinal hernia surgery. This study compares USG guided TAP Vs IIN/IHN block for post-operative analgesic efficacy in adults undergoing inguinal hernia surgery. Methods: Sixty adults aged 18 to 60 with American Society of Anesthesiologsts' grade I or II were included...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720754/effects-of-adding-dexamethasone-or-ketamine-to-bupivacaine-for-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-patients-undergoing-modified-radical-mastectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Mona Blough El Mourad, Asmaa Fawzy Amer
Background and Aims: Pain after modified radical mastectomy (MRM) has been successfully managed with thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding dexamethasone or ketamine as adjuncts to bupivacaine in TPVB on the quality of postoperative analgesia in participants undergoing MRM. Methods: This prospective randomised controlled study enrolled ninety adult females scheduled for MRM. Patients were randomised into three groups (30 each) to receive ultrasound-guided TPVB before induction of general anaesthesia...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720750/newer-regional-analgesia-interventions-fascial-plane-blocks-for-breast-surgeries-review-of-literature
#14
REVIEW
Rakesh Garg, Swati Bhan, Saurabh Vig
Surgical resection of the primary tumour with axillary dissection is one of the main modalities of breast cancer treatment. Regional blocks have been considered as one of the modalities for effective perioperative pain control. With the advent of ultrasound, newer interventions such as fascial plane blocks have been reported for perioperative analgesia in breast surgeries. Our aim is to review the literature for fascial plane blocks for analgesia in breast surgeries. The research question for initiating the review was 'What are the reported newer regional anaesthesia techniques (fascial plane blocks) for female patients undergoing breast surgery and their analgesic efficacy?...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716837/comparison-of-the-postoperative-analgesic-effects-of-cimicoxib-buprenorphine-and-their-combination-in-healthy-dogs-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#15
Rocío Bustamante, María A Daza, Susana Canfrán, Paloma García, María Suárez, Ignacio Trobo, Ignacio A Gómez de Segura
OBJECTIVE: To determine the noninferior postoperative analgesic efficacy of cimicoxib compared to buprenorphine following elective ovariohysterectomy in healthy bitches. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, controlled clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 63 healthy dogs. METHODS: To provide perioperative analgesia, cimicoxib 2 mg kg-1 (orally), buprenorphine 0.02 mg kg-1 (two doses, intramuscularly), or both drugs combined, were administered...
February 5, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707356/the-role-of-local-anaesthetic-techniques-in-eras-protocols-for-thoracic-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Seamus Crumley, Stefan Schraag
The use of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), as in other surgical specialties, is an emerging concept in cardio-thoracic surgery but there is still a lack of effective protocols to reduce the burden of surgery on the patient, shorten the period of postoperative recovery, and reduce the likelihood of chronic pain developing. The use of local anaesthetic (LA) techniques, such as thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) and paravertebral blocks (PVB), as an adjunct to anaesthesia are considered key components, though there is little data for direct comparison of the techniques...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701425/analgesia-management-for-mitral-valve-repair-via-minithoracotomy-a-case-report
#17
Andreia Fernandes, Clara Gaio Lima, Nelson Paulo, Catarina Celestino, Ana Fonte Boa, Fátima Lima, Manuela Vieira
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS), via minithoracotomy, is thought to be a fast track to extubation and recovery after surgery. Chronic pain, due to intercostal nerve injury, develops in up to 50% of postthoracotomy patients.A number of regional anaesthesia and analgesia techniques may be employed, and the anaesthesiologists play a key role in facilitating optimal outcomes after surgery. METHODS: We report a case of postoperative pain management with a local anesthetic infiltration for MICS...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694674/local-anaesthetics-and-regional-anaesthesia-versus-conventional-analgesia-for-preventing-persistent-postoperative-pain-in-adults-and-children
#18
REVIEW
Erica J Weinstein, Jacob L Levene, Marc S Cohen, Doerthe A Andreae, Jerry Y Chao, Matthew Johnson, Charles B Hall, Michael H Andreae
BACKGROUND: Regional anaesthesia may reduce the rate of persistent postoperative pain (PPP), a frequent and debilitating condition. This review was originally published in 2012 and updated in 2017. OBJECTIVES: To compare local anaesthetics and regional anaesthesia versus conventional analgesia for the prevention of PPP beyond three months in adults and children undergoing elective surgery. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase to December 2016 without any language restriction...
April 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680809/impact-of-dexmedetomidine-infusion-during-general-anaesthesia-on-incidence-of-postoperative-delirium-in-elderly-patients-after-major-non-cardiac-surgery-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-double-blinded-and-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Bo-Jie Wang, Chun-Jing Li, Jian Hu, Huai-Jin Li, Chao Guo, Zhen-Han Wang, Qiao-Chu Zhang, Dong-Liang Mu, Dong-Xin Wang
INTRODUCTION: Delirium is a common complication in the elderly after surgery and is associated with worse outcomes. Multiple risk factors are related with postoperative delirium, such as exposure to general anaesthetics, pain and postoperative inflammatory response. Preclinical and clinical studies have shown that dexmedetomidine attenuated neurotoxicity induced by general anaesthetics, improved postoperative analgesia and inhibited inflammatory response after surgery. Several studies found that intraoperative use of dexmedetomidine can prevent postoperative delirium, but data were inconsistent...
April 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678158/dexmedetomidine-infusion-as-an-analgesic-adjuvant-during-laparoscopic-%C3%B1-holecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Kateryna Bielka, Iurii Kuchyn, Volodymyr Babych, Kseniia Martycshenko, Oleksii Inozemtsev
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has sedative, sympatholytic and analgesic effects and might be beneficial if used as an adjuvant to: improve analgesia; modulate haemodynamic responses to intubation and pneumoperitoneum and; reduce the number of opioid-associated adverse events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DEX infusion during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: A randomized, single-centre, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study was carried out between May 2016 and June 2017...
April 20, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
keyword
keyword
44924
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"