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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145188/brueghel-syndrome-or-meige-syndrome-two-sides-of-a-same-disease
#1
M Béreau, L Tatu
Different eponyms such as "Wood syndrome," Meige syndrome, "Brueghel syndrome," "Blepharospasm plus syndrome" have been used to describe segmental craniocervical dystonias. These facial and/or oromandibular movement disorders are characterized by muscle contractions and spasms involving eyes, facial region, and sometimes pharynx, jaw, floor of the mouth, and tongue. The pathophysiology of craniocervical dystonia is poorly understood, but abnormal plasticity and impaired inhibition are suspected. Injection of botulinum toxin appears to be the best therapeutic option for treating segmental craniocervical dystonia...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144840/feasibility-of-using-the-general-movements-assessment-of-infants-in-the-united-states
#2
Eileen Ricci, Christa Einspieler, Alexa K Craig
AIMS: To pilot the practicality of administering the Prechtl General Movements Assessment of infants (GMA) in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting and at home to infants at risk for developing cerebral palsy (CP). Additional aims included assessing inter-rater reliability and comparing GMA predictions to AIMS motor assessment at 12 months. METHODS: 12 "at risk" infants were recruited by convenience sample. Video recordings were obtained in the NICU and provided by parents after discharge...
November 16, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144185/rest-activity-circadian-rhythm-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#3
E Roveda, A Montaruli, L Galasso, C Pesenti, E Bruno, P Pasanisi, M Cortellini, S Rampichini, S Erzegovesi, A Caumo, F Esposito
Recent findings suggest that altered rest-activity circadian rhythms (RARs) are associated with a compromised health status. RARs abnormalities have been observed also in several pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular, neurological, and cancer diseases. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder, with a prevalence of 3.5% in women and 2% in men. BED and its associate obesity and motor inactivity could induce RARs disruption and have negative consequences on health-related quality of life...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141124/the-effects-of-valbenazine-in-participants-with-tardive-dyskinesia-results-of-the-1-year-kinect-3-extension-study
#4
Stewart A Factor, Gary Remington, Cynthia L Comella, Christoph U Correll, Joshua Burke, Roland Jimenez, Grace S Liang, Christopher F O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Valbenazine, a highly selective vesicular monoamine transporter 2 inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of tardive dyskinesia. This is the first report of long-term effects in adults with tardive dyskinesia. METHODS: Participants with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or a mood disorder who completed the 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled period of KINECT 3 were eligible to enter the 42-week valbenazine extension (VE) period and subsequent 4-week washout period...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136734/-functional-recovery-after-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury-on-different-electromyography-thresholds-during-thyroid-surgery
#5
X L Liu, C L Li, Y S Zhao, H Sun
Objective: To discuss the functional recovery after recurrent laryngeal nerve injury (RLNI) on different electromyography thresholds during thyroid surgery. Methods: The prospective experimentally were induced in 12 acute recurrent laryngeal traction animals (porcine) from December 2014 to December 2015, the amplitude and latency of electromyography, even time course during RLNI and recovery of 24 recurrent laryngeal nerves(RLN) were continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring(IONM), including 12 RLN releasing traction after 50% amplitude decrease (AD) and other 12 RLN after 70% AD...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135308/anomalous-lateral-rectus-muscle-band-in-a-case-of-duane-retraction-syndrome
#6
Suma Ganesh, Shailja Tibrewal, Abhijeet Yadav, Sumita Sethi
Anomalous orbital structures are suspected in restrictive strabismus with features of severe globe retractions, overshoots, or synergistic movements. We report a case of suspected Duane syndrome that was found to have an anomalous band beneath the lateral rectus muscle. Such abnormal structures are rare, but it is important to identify and manage them to optimize outcomes.
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133973/duane-retraction-syndrome-causes-effects-and-management-strategies
#7
REVIEW
Ramesh Kekunnaya, Mithila Negalur
Duane retraction syndrome (DRS) is a congenital eye movement anomaly characterized by variable horizontal duction deficits, with narrowing of the palpebral fissure and globe retraction on attempted adduction, occasionally accompanied by upshoot or down-shoot. The etiopathogenesis of this condition can be explained by a spectrum of mechanical, innervational, neurologic and genetic abnormalities occurring independently or which influence each other giving rise to patterns of clinical presentations along with a complex set of ocular and systemic anomalies...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133711/an-unusual-case-of-acute-encephalitic-syndrome-is-it-acute-measles-encephalitis-or-subacute-sclerosing-panencephalitis
#8
Ravindra K Garg, Hardeep S Malhotra, Imran Rizvi, Neeraj Kumar, Amita Jain
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is a late complication of measles infection and develops usually 6 to 15 years after the primary measles infection. Fulminant subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is an infrequently encountered form wherein the disease rapidly progresses to death. A six-year old male child presented with fever, abnormal movements of the left side of body followed by weakness of the left side of the body, and involuntary abnormal movements of right upper and lower limbs. On examination, he was drowsy and was unable to communicate...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133709/experience-of-pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-in-dystonia-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-india-an-initial-experience
#9
M Manjunath, Ravi Yadav, Srinivas Dwarakanath, Ketan Jhunjhunwala, A Jafar, Pratibha Surathi, Abhishek Lenka, Albert Stezin, S Sampath, Pramod K Pal
INTRODUCTION: Dystonia is one of the most prevalent forms of movement disorders and is characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions causing abnormal, often repetitive, movements, postures, or both. Dystonia causes significant morbidity with an adverse impact on the quality of life. When dystonia is medically refractory, causing severe pain and impairment in activities of daily living, deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus interna (GPi) is a potential option to reduce disability...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133062/anatomical-and-physiological-basis-of-continuous-spike-wave-of-sleep-syndrome-after-early-thalamic-lesions
#10
Alberto Leal, Eulália Calado, José P Vieira, Carla Mendonça, José C Ferreira, Hugo Ferreira, Daniel Carvalho, Fátima Furtado, Roseli Gomes, José P Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: Early neonatal thalamic lesions account for about 14% of continuous spike-wave of sleep (CSWS) syndrome, representing the most common etiology in this epileptic encephalopathy in children, and promise useful insights into the pathophysiology of the disease. METHODS: We describe nine patients with unilateral neonatal thalamic lesions which progressed to CSWS. Longitudinal whole-night and high-density electroencephalograms (EEGs) were performed, as well as detailed imaging and clinical evaluation...
November 10, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132464/-clinical-manifestations-and-genetic-diagnosis-of-paroxysmal-kinesigenic-dyskinesia
#11
Xiao-Ming Zhu, Yu-Hong Gong, Si Lu, Shou-Chao Cheng, Bao-Zhen Yao
The clinical manifestations of five children with paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) were retrospectively analyzed and their gene mutations were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing and chromosome microarray. The 5 patients consisted of 4 males and 1 female and the age of onset was 6-9 years. Dyskinesia was induced by sudden turn movement, scare, mental stress, or other factors. These patients were conscious and had abnormal posture of unilateral or bilateral extremities, athetosis, facial muscle twitching, and abnormal body posture...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132322/stillbirth-is-associated-with-perceived-alterations-in-fetal-activity-findings-from-an-international-case-control-study
#12
Alexander E P Heazell, Jane Warland, Tomasina Stacey, Christin Coomarasamy, Jayne Budd, Edwin A Mitchell, Louise M O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth after 28 weeks gestation affects between 1.3-8.8 per 1000 births in high-income countries. The majority of stillbirths in this setting occur in women without established risk factors. Identification of risk factors which could be identified and managed in pregnancy is a priority in stillbirth prevention research. This study aimed to evaluate women's experiences of fetal movements and how these relate to stillbirth. METHODS: An international internet-based case-control study of women who had a stillbirth ≥28 weeks' gestation within 30 days prior to completing the survey (n = 153) and women with an ongoing pregnancy or a live born child (n = 480)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129156/a-case-of-kcnq2-associated-movement-disorder-triggered-by-fever
#13
Radhika Dhamija, Howard P Goodkin, Russell Bailey, Chelsea Chambers, J Nicholas Brenton
The differential diagnosis of fever-induced movement disorders in childhood is broad. Whole exome sequencing has yielded new insights into those cases with a suspected genetic basis. We report the case of an 8-year-old boy with a history of neonatal seizures who presented with near-continuous hyperkinetic movements of his limbs during a febrile illness. Initial diagnostic testing did not explain his abnormalities; however, given the suspicion for a channelopathy, whole exome sequencing was performed and it demonstrated a de novo pathogenic heterozygous variant in KCNQ2...
December 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129037/eye-movement-abnormalities-in-middle-cerebellar-peduncle-strokes
#14
Sung-Hee Kim, Ji-Soo Kim
The middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP) is a major conduit for cortico-ponto-cerebellar fibers that convey information related to eye movements. This study aims to elucidate eye movement abnormalities that arise from lesions confined to the MCP. In 23 patients with acute strokes restricted to unilateral MCPs, we investigated the clinical features and ocular motor findings including spontaneous nystagmus, saccades, smooth pursuit, ocular tilt reaction, and head impulse tests. Bithermal caloric tests and audiometry were also performed...
November 11, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127364/comparing-ataxias-with-oculomotor-apraxia-a-multimodal-study-of-aoa1-aoa2-and-at-focusing-on-video-oculography-and-alpha-fetoprotein
#15
L L Mariani, S Rivaud-Péchoux, P Charles, C Ewenczyk, A Meneret, B B Monga, M-C Fleury, E Hainque, T Maisonobe, B Degos, A Echaniz-Laguna, M Renaud, T Wirth, D Grabli, A Brice, M Vidailhet, D Stoppa-Lyonnet, C Dubois-d'Enghien, I Le Ber, M Koenig, E Roze, C Tranchant, A Durr, B Gaymard, M Anheim
Whether the recessive ataxias, Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1) and 2 (AOA2) and Ataxia telangiectasia (AT), can be distinguished by video-oculography and alpha-fetoprotein level remains unknown. We compared 40 patients with AOA1, AOA2 and AT, consecutively referred between 2008 and 2015 with 17 healthy subjects. Video-oculography revealed constant impairments in patients such as cerebellar signs, altered fixation, impaired pursuit, hypometric saccades and abnormal antisaccades. Horizontal saccade latencies could be highly increased reflecting oculomotor apraxia in one third of patients...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126889/impaired-glutamatergic-projection-from-the-motor-cortex-to-the-subthalamic-nucleus-in-6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned-hemi-parkinsonian-rats
#16
Yan-Yan Wang, Yong Wang, Hai-Fei Jiang, Jun-Hua Liu, Jun Jia, Ke Wang, Fei Zhao, Min-Hua Luo, Min-Min Luo, Xiao-Min Wang
The glutamatergic projection from the motor cortex to the subthalamic nucleus (STN) constitutes the cortico-basal ganglia circuit and plays a critical role in the control of movement. Emerging evidence shows that the cortico-STN pathway is susceptible to dopamine depletion. Specifically in Parkinson's disease (PD), abnormal electrophysiological activities were observed in the motor cortex and STN, while the STN serves as a key target of deep brain stimulation for PD therapy. However, direct morphological changes in the cortico-STN connectivity in response to PD progress are poorly understood at present...
November 8, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124784/dysfunction-in-emotion-processing-underlies-functional-psychogenic-dystonia
#17
Alberto J Espay, Thomas Maloney, Jennifer Vannest, Matthew M Norris, James C Eliassen, Erin Neefus, Jane B Allendorfer, Robert Chen, Jerzy P Szaflarski
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether abnormalities in emotion processing underlie functional (psychogenic) dystonia, one of the most common functional movement disorders. METHODS: Motor and emotion circuits were examined in 12 participants with functional dystonia, 12 with primary organic dystonia, and 25 healthy controls using functional magnetic resonance imaging at 4T and a finger-tapping task (motor task), a basic emotion-recognition task (emotional faces task), and an intense-emotion stimuli task...
November 10, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123945/the-anatomical-basis-for-dystonia-the-motor-network-model
#18
REVIEW
H A Jinnah, Vladimir Neychev, Ellen J Hess
Background: The dystonias include a clinically and etiologically very diverse group of disorders. There are both degenerative and non-degenerative subtypes resulting from genetic or acquired causes. Traditionally, all dystonias have been viewed as disorders of the basal ganglia. However, there has been increasing appreciation for involvement of other brain regions including the cerebellum, thalamus, midbrain, and cortex. Much of the early evidence for these other brain regions has come from studies of animals, but multiple recent studies have been done with humans, in an effort to confirm or refute involvement of these other regions...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123189/a-common-neonicotinoid-pesticide-thiamethoxam-alters-honey-bee-activity-motor-functions-and-movement-to-light
#19
S Tosi, J C Nieh
Honey bees provide key ecosystem services. To pollinate and to sustain the colony, workers must walk, climb, and use phototaxis as they move inside and outside the nest. Phototaxis, orientation to light, is linked to sucrose responsiveness and the transition of work from inside to outside the nest, and is also a key component of division of labour. However, the sublethal effects of pesticides on locomotion and movement to light are relatively poorly understood. Thiamethoxam (TMX) is a common neonicotinoid pesticide that bees can consume in nectar and pollen...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122235/-acute-stress-and-broken-heart-syndrome-a-case-report
#20
Juliana Vergel, Sebastián Tamayo-Orozco, Andrés Felipe Vallejo-Gómez, María Teresa Posada, Diana Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Stress has been associated with an acute heart failure syndrome of important morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Case report and non-systematic review of the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman with a history of an untreated generalized anxiety disorder, whom after the violent death of her son presented with oppressive chest pain irradiated to neck and left superior extremity, lasting for more than 30minutes, initial clinical suspect suggests acute coronary syndrome...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
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