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Vlasta Němcová-Fürstová, Dana Kopperová, Kamila Balušíková, Marie Ehrlichová, Veronika Brynychová, Radka Václavíková, Petr Daniel, Pavel Souček, Jan Kovář
Development of taxane resistance has become clinically very important issue. The molecular mechanisms underlying the resistance are still unclear. To address this issue, we established paclitaxel-resistant sublines of the SK-BR-3 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines that are capable of long-term proliferation in 100nM and 300nM paclitaxel, respectively. Application of these concentrations leads to cell death in the original counterpart cells. Both sublines are cross-resistant to doxorubicin, indicating the presence of the MDR phenotype...
November 1, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
V Cunha, P Rodrigues, M M Santos, P Moradas-Ferreira, M Ferreira
In the past decade the presence of psychopharmaceuticals, including fluoxetine (FLU), in the aquatic environment has been associated with the increasing trend in human consumption of these substances. Aquatic organisms are usually exposed to chronic low doses and, therefore, risk assessments should evaluate the effects of these compounds in non-target organisms. Teleost fish possess an array of active defence mechanisms to cope with the deleterious effects of xenobiotics. These include ABC transporters, phase I and II of cellular detoxification and oxidative stress enzymes...
September 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Susanne Nicole Weber, Annika Bohner, Dianne H Dapito, Robert F Schwabe, Frank Lammert
BACKGROUND: The development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common consequence of advanced liver fibrosis but the interactions between fibrogenesis and carcinogenesis are still poorly understood. Recently it has been shown that HCC promotion depends on Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4. Pre-cancerogenous events can be modelled in mice by the administration of a single dose of diethylnitrosamine (DEN), with HCC formation depending amongst others on interleukin (IL) 6 production. Mice lacking the hepatocanalicular phosphatidylcholine transporter ABCB4 develop liver fibrosis spontaneously, resemble patients with sclerosing cholangitis due to mutations of the orthologous human gene, and represent a valid model to study tumour formation in pre-injured cholestatic liver...
2016: PloS One
Stine Ninel Hansen, Natasja Spring Ehlers, Shida Zhu, Mathilde Borg Houlberg Thomsen, Rikke Linnemann Nielsen, Dongbing Liu, Guangbiao Wang, Yong Hou, Xiuqing Zhang, Xun Xu, Lars Bolund, Huanming Yang, Jun Wang, Jose Moreira, Henrik J Ditzel, Nils Brünner, Anne-Sofie Schrohl, Jan Stenvang, Ramneek Gupta
BACKGROUND: Resistance to taxane-based therapy in breast cancer patients is a major clinical problem that may be addressed through insight of the genomic alterations leading to taxane resistance in breast cancer cells. In the current study we used whole exome sequencing to discover somatic genomic alterations, evolving across evolutionary stages during the acquisition of docetaxel resistance in breast cancer cell lines. RESULTS: Two human breast cancer in vitro models (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) of the step-wise acquisition of docetaxel resistance were developed by exposing cells to 18 gradually increasing concentrations of docetaxel...
2016: BMC Genomics
Hyo Jin Park, Tae Hee Kim, So Won Kim, Shin Hye Noh, Kyeong Jee Cho, Choe Choi, Eun Young Kwon, Yang Ji Choi, Heon Yung Gee, Ji Ha Choi
Multidrug resistance 3 (MDR3), encoded by the ATP-binding cassette, subfamily B, member 4 gene (ABCB4), localizes to the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes and translocates phosphatidylcholine from the inner leaflet to the outer leaflet of the canalicular membrane. Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 (PFIC3) is a rare hepatic disease caused by genetic mutations of ABCB4. In this study, we characterized 8 ABCB4 mutations found in PFIC3 patients, using in vitro molecular assays. First, we examined the transport activity of each mutant by measuring its ATPase activity using paclitaxel or phosphatidylcholine...
2016: Scientific Reports
Lili Liu, Liang Zhou, Shuiwang Hu, Shanyu Zhou, Yingyu Deng, Ming Dong, Jianxun Huang, Yuli Zeng, Xiaoyan Chen, Na Zhao, Hongling Li, Zhenhua Ding
As a maternal and developmental toxicant, cadmium (Cd) possesses weak penetrability through the placental barrier. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. To gain insight into the protein molecules associated with Cd toxicity in placenta and explore their roles in Cd transportation, a reproductive animal experiment was carried out using Sprague-Dawley rats. We performed proteomic analysis of the placenta by Difference Gel Electrophoresis (DIGE) combined with Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Tandem Mass Spectroscopy (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS)...
May 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Folefac Aminkeng, Colin J D Ross, Shahrad R Rassekh, Soomi Hwang, Michael J Rieder, Amit P Bhavsar, Anne Smith, Shubhayan Sanatani, Karen A Gelmon, Daniel Bernstein, Michael R Hayden, Ursula Amstutz, Bruce C Carleton
AIMS: Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (ACT) occurs in 57% of treated patients and remains an important limitation of anthracycline-based chemotherapy. In various genetic association studies, potential genetic risk markers for ACT have been identified. Therefore, we developed evidence-based clinical practice recommendations for pharmacogenomic testing to further individualize therapy based on ACT risk. METHODS: We followed a standard guideline development process, including a systematic literature search, evidence synthesis and critical appraisal, and the development of clinical practice recommendations with an international expert group...
September 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Lei Zhan, Yao-Zhen Pan, Ling Chen, Hao Zhang, Hong Zhang, Jian Song, Chi-Meng Tzeng, Cheng-Yi Sun
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter A4 (ABCB4) is a sterol export pump that regulates excretion of biliary cholesterol. We tested association between ABCB4 polymorphisms and gallstone disease using meta-analysis. In a cross-sectional study, 296 subjects were recruited from a hospital-based population. Total of 171 subjects were diagnosed as gallstone disease by abdominal ultrasonography from three cohort studies. We evaluated prevalence of ABCG8 rs11887534 (D19H) as a positive control, and the ABCB4 rs1202283 and rs2230028 polymorphisms on Chinese population were screened by meta-analysis and genotyped using TaqMan® SNP assay...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Mona Fathy, Manal Kamal, Marwa Al-Sharkawy, Hanaa Al-Karaksy, Nora Hassan
AIM OF WORK: To estimate the frequency of mutations involving exons 6, 8 and 9 of Adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette, subfamily B, member 4 (ABCB4) gene among children with progressive intrahepatic cholestasis with high γ-GT activity (PFIC3). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross sectional study was conducted on 30 children with PFIC3. Genotyping was performed by sequencing analysis of exons 6, 8 and exon 9 of ABCB4 gene. RESULTS: Heterozygous synonymous polymorphic variant was detected in exon 6 (rs 1202283) and in exon 8 (rs 2109505)...
November 2016: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Cong-jie Sun, Zhi-xu He, Li-ping Shu, Rong-ying Hu, Si-jia He
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of doxorubicin (DOX) on abcb4 gene expression and the role of abcb4 gene in multidrug-resistance. METHODS: Zebrafish embryos were treated with 2 mL/L DMSO, 10 μmol/L DOX and 2 mL/L DMSO+10 μmol/L DOX, respectively. The zebrafish embryos treated with Eggwater served as controls. Exposures started at 4 to 16 cell stage of the embryos and terminated 120 hours post fertilization (hpf). The expression of abcb4 gene in zebrafish embryos was examined on 48, 72, 96, and 120 hpf with whole-mount in situ hybridization (WISH) and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR)...
January 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
V Cunha, M M Santos, P Moradas-Ferreira, M Ferreira
The transcription and protein activity of defence mechanisms such as ABC transporters, phase I and II of cellular detoxification and antioxidant enzymes can be altered in the presence of emerging contaminants such as pharmaceuticals impacting the overall detoxification mechanism. The present work aimed to characterise the effects of simvastatin on the detoxification mechanisms of embryonic stages of Danio rerio. In a first approach, constitutive transcription of key genes involved in detoxification was determined...
June 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Florian P Reiter, Ralf Wimmer, Lena Wottke, Renate Artmann, Jutta M Nagel, Manuel O Carranza, Doris Mayr, Christian Rust, Peter Fickert, Michael Trauner, Alexander L Gerbes, Simon Hohenester, Gerald U Denk
AIM: To study the interleukin-1 (IL-1) pathway as a therapeutic target for liver fibrosis in vitro and in vivo using the ATP-binding cassette transporter b4(-/-) (Abcb4(-/-)) mouse model. METHODS: Female and male Abcb4(-/-) mice from 6 to 13 mo of age were analysed for the degree of cholestasis (liver serum tests), extent of liver fibrosis (hydroxyproline content and Sirius red staining) and tissue-specific activation of signalling pathways such as the IL-1 pathway [quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)]...
March 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Raquel Gordo-Gilart, Sara Andueza, Loreto Hierro, Paloma Jara, Luis Alvarez
Multidrug resistance protein 3 (MDR3, ABCB4) is a hepatocellular membrane protein that mediates biliary secretion of phosphatidylcholine. Null mutations in ABCB4 gene give rise to severe early-onset cholestatic liver disease. We have previously shown that the disease-associated mutations p.G68R, p.G228R, p.D459H, and p.A934T resulted in retention of ABCB4 in the endoplasmic reticulum, thus failing to target the plasma membrane. In the present study, we tested the ability of two compounds with chaperone-like activity, 4-phenylbutyrate and curcumin, to rescue these ABCB4 mutants by assessing their effects on subcellular localization, protein maturation, and phospholipid efflux capability...
2016: PloS One
Noortje Ijssennagger, Aafke W F Janssen, Alexandra Milona, José M Ramos Pittol, Danielle A A Hollman, Michal Mokry, Bark Betzel, Frits J Berends, Ignace M Janssen, Saskia W C van Mil, Sander Kersten
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The bile acid-activated farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a nuclear receptor regulating bile acid, glucose and cholesterol homeostasis. Obeticholic acid (OCA), a promising drug for the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and type 2 diabetes, activates FXR. Mouse studies demonstrated that FXR activation by OCA alters hepatic expression of many genes. However, no data are available on the effects of OCA in the human liver. Here we generated gene expression profiles in human precision cut liver slices (hPCLS) after treatment with OCA...
May 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Susanne Keiter, Kathleen Burkhardt-Medicke, Peggy Wellner, Britta Kais, Harald Färber, Dirk Skutlarek, Magnus Engwall, Thomas Braunbeck, Steffen H Keiter, Till Luckenbach
Earlier studies have shown that perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) increases the toxicity of other chemicals by enhancing their uptake by cells and tissues. The present study aimed at testing whether the underlying mechanism of enhanced uptake of chemicals by zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos in the presence of PFOS is by interference of this compound with the cellular efflux transporter Abcb4. Modifications of uptake/clearance and toxicity of two Abcb4 substrates, the fluorescent dye rhodamine B (RhB) and vinblastine, by PFOS were evaluated using 24 and 48h post-fertilization (hpf) embryos...
April 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Zhaoyue Wang, Fan Yang, Jianshe Wang, Xiong Ma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Quitterie Venot, Jean-Louis Delaunay, Laura Fouassier, Danièle Delautier, Thomas Falguières, Chantal Housset, Michèle Maurice, Tounsia Aït-Slimane
ABCB4/MDR3, a member of the ABC superfamily, is an ATP-dependent phosphatidylcholine translocator expressed at the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes. Defects in the ABCB4 gene are associated with rare biliary diseases. It is essential to understand the mechanisms of its canalicular membrane expression in particular for the development of new therapies. The stability of several ABC transporters is regulated through their binding to PDZ (PSD95/DglA/ZO-1) domain-containing proteins. ABCB4 protein ends by the sequence glutamine-asparagine-leucine (QNL), which shows some similarity to PDZ-binding motifs...
2016: PloS One
Hugo M Oliveira, Cláudia Pereira, Ermelinda Santos Silva, Jorge Pinto-Basto, Helena Pessegueiro Miranda
BACKGROUND: There are three types of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC). Type 3 is characterized by elevated gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) and it can be diagnosed in adolescence/adulthood. The genetic defect of PFIC 3 appears to explain the pathogenesis of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). AIMS: Draw attention to this rare disease, especially in adulthood, and clarify the association between ICP and PFIC 3. RESULTS: We describe a series of cases from a Portuguese northern family with two brothers presenting chronic cholestasis since adolescence...
February 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
M Zagorova, A Prasnicka, Z Kadova, E Dolezelova, L Kazdova, J Cermanova, L Rozkydalova, M Hroch, J Mokry, S Micuda
The aim of the current study was to clarify the effect of high sucrose diet (HSD) on bile formation (BF) in rats with hereditary hypertriglyceridemia (HHTg). Potentially positive effects were studied for boldine, a natural choleretic agent. Administration of HSD to HHTg rats led to increased triglyceride deposition in the liver. HSD reduced BF as a consequence of decreased biliary secretion of bile acids (BA) and glutathione. Responsible mechanism was down-regulation of hepatic transporters for BA and glutathione, Bsep and Mrp2, respectively...
2015: Physiological Research
Isabella Giovannoni, Francesco Callea, Emanuele Bellacchio, Giuliano Torre, Jean De Ville De Goyet, Paola Francalanci
Familial intrahepatic cholestases (FICs) are a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive disorders of childhood that disrupt bile formation and present with cholestasis of hepatocellular origin. Three distinct forms are described: FIC1 and FIC2, associated with low/normal GGT level in serum, which are caused by impaired bile salt secretion due to defects in ATP8B1 encoding the FIC1 protein and defects in ABCB11 encoding bile salt export pump protein, respectively; FIC3, linked to high GGT level, involves impaired biliary phospholipid secretion due to defects in ABCB4, encoding multidrug resistance 3 protein...
2015: PloS One
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